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IjSt the seventeenth century. 

^^ufiltsftplr for tfie Societs 






At a General Meeting of the Surtees Society held in the Castle of 
Durham on the 18th of June, 1860, 

It was ordered, that a volume of the Depositions preserv^ed in York 
Castle should be prepared for the Society, to be edited by the Secretary, 
as one of the publications for the year 1861. 





In the present work a class of documents is laid 
before the members of the Surtees Society, of which 
no one, up to this time, has made any use. In the 
many volumes of State Trials that have been pub- 
lished those cases only are to be found which are 
generally interesting, and almost everything of a local 
character has been necessarily omitted. The robberies 
and murders that once paralysed the village or the 
city have been forgotten, with the exception of a few 
startling crimes that are chronicled in the fugitive 
literature of the period or in the unwritten pages of 

In the castle of York is preserved a large mass of 
documentary evidence, which illustrates the annals of 
crime in the North of England. It relates to four 
out of the six counties, Durham and Lancashire being 
the exceptions, and they had separate jurisdictions of 
their own. I have not been able to discover many 
papers at York anterior to 1640, but between that 
year and the arrival of William III. they exist in 
great numbers. During the reigns of William III. 
and Anne there is a hiatus in the series of records, 
and on that account it has been thought desirable to 


confine the period embraced by the present volume 
to the central portion of the seventeenth century. 

The earliest papers that are preserved in York 
Castle are very similar to those which are still an- 
nually deposited there, and with which every one 
who is " learned in the law " is so perfectly familiar. 
They consist of calendars, lists of magistrates and 
jurors, recognisances, the presentments of parish con- 
stables, writs, petitions of various descriptions, and 
especially of the depositions taken before the magis- 
trates, which exhibit many features of a striking and 
interesting kind. The series of minute-books is un- 
fortunately imperfect, so that it is impossible to ascer- 
tain what was the fate of every criminal, and there 
are so many gaps among the files of depositions that 
I am unable to draw up any accurate statistical 
account of the crime of the district to which they 
relate. In every public repository of records there 
are many serious deficiencies, and York Castle is no 
exception to the general rule ; but the remainder, in 
this instance, is so large, that the Council of the 
Surtees Society has determined, with the kind per- 
mission of the authorities, to select the material for 
one of its volumes out of this vast storehouse, which 
has been hitherto unexplored. 

On the value of the depositions that are now given 
to the world there can be no controversy or differ- 
ence of opinion. They give us a picture, which is 
drawn no where else, not only of the political feeling, 
l)ut of the every-day life, of the inhabitants of the 


provinces. We see how the great movements and 
movers in the state were criticised in the cottage and 
the market-place. We can gauge the sentiments of 
the religions parties of the day. We can trace the 
origin and progress of great crimes, which arose and 
disappeared with the suddenness and the violence of 
an epidemic. We can put our finger upon the pulses 
of fanatics and politicians. We can trace vice to its 
haunts. We can see it festering in the alley and the 
court, or polluting by an unexpected and unwelcome 
visit the secluded village and the solitary homestead. 
There is much also to interest us in the style and 
composition of the depositions. Some good old Saxon 
English breaks every now and then through the stiff 
legal phraseology in which many of them are unfor- 
tunately drawn up. It would be an amusing sight 
could we place before us the justices of that day, when 
the depositions were being taken. In the town there 
would be the mayor, with an alderman or two, upon 
the bench, in all the pomp of civic grandeur, with a 
clerk to write down what was necessary, and the wish 
to awe both criminals and spectators with the " cir- 
cumstance " and dignity of their position and their 
little smattering of law. Here and there in the country 
there would be a gentleman who had spent a few years 
at one of the Inns of Court. He would quote Brac- 
ton at the quarter- sessions, and know something of 
Coke and his erudition. How keenly would he try to 
puzzle the criminal tliat was brought before him ! 
But in another place, and how frequently would this 


occur, the functionary was called to the judgment-seat 
from his farm-yard or his laith, unable to spell the 
words that he was to perpetuate, and scrawling what 
he heard upon the back of some letter, as there was 
no paper in the house. There were many Justice 
Shallows at that time, and it is impossible to read 
Roger North's description of the magistrates of North- 
umberland without a smile at the humour that is 
manifested in the picture. 

The assizes were held twice a year, in March and 
August. Of their duration it is not easy to speak 
with certainty, but there seems to have been quite as 
much business to transact as there is at the present 
time. The circuit always commenced with York, and 
never with Lancaster or Appleby. The joiu^neys of 
the dispensers of the law in many respects resembled 
the progresses of royalty. The sheriffs always escorted 
them with a gallant train of gentlemen. Within living 
memory the high-sheriff of Yorkshire has been at- 
tended by a large cavalcade of horsemen when he 
went to meet the judges. In the 16th century James 
Metcalfe, Esq. of Nappa, was accompanied by three 
hundred members of his clan, all bearing his livery 
and his name. Some of the old families in Northum- 
berland, especially the Eenwicks and the Eorsters, 
could bring an equally numerous retinue of kinsmen 
when the shrievalty was in their house. The judges 
were everywhere received with hospitality and respect. 
At Durham they were the guests of the Prince Pala- 
tine, who empowered them to act in his behalf. He 


drove them from his castle to the court in his coach 
and six, and sat between them on the bench; for a 
while, in his robes of Parliament. At Newcastle they 
were welcomed with great ceremony and state. They 
were feasted by the Corporation in the mansion- 
house. They sailed upon the Tyne in the mayor's 
barge, a pleasant custom, that was discontinued for a 
while, in consequence of the chief-magistrate of that 
ancient town having threatened, in the heat of passion, 
to commit one of his potent guests to prison, as the 
water of the Tyne was under his own jurisdiction ! 
The sheriff of Northumberland escorted the judges to 
the boundaries of Cumberland, to guard them from 
the freebooters with whom the district was infested. 
When he returned homewards they passed on, under 
a similar protection, to trace their path among the 
sheep-walks across the hills and moors to Carlisle and 
Appleby. There were no regular roads in that country 
till they were laid down by General Wade in his 
progress against the rebels in the North. Some 
grateful poet has handed down the efforts of this 
military engineer in a characteristic couplet — 

If you'd ever been here when these roads were not made, 
You would lift up your hands and bless General Wade ! 

The number of cases that was brought under the 
cognisance of the judges at each assize was a very 
considerable one. Some of them were sent up from 
the country sessions, at which all minor offences were 
generally tried ; but the prisoners, for the most part. 


were committed by the magistrates in their own au- 
thority. There were, however, many districts and 
places in which the judges were merely private indi- 
viduals. The old prerogative oiingfangtheofw2i?, not 
yet extinct. Several baronies still retained it, and it 
was most jealously preserved. The justices of assize 
could not enter into the bishopric of Durham, which 
included at that time parts of Northumberland and 
Yorkshire, without the consent of the Prince -Bishop. 
There were several towns in the North that still 
possessed the right of trying their own offenders. 
The terrors of Halifax and Hull were known long 
before they became the chief article in the beggar's 
litany of deprecations. At the former town the guil- 
lotine was still in use, and at Hull the authorities had 
the reputation of shipping off, every now and then, a 
cargo of offenders and impostors, and consigning 
them — 

Et9 "E^^eroy ^aaL\r]a, /3poT(t)V Sr]\i]fj,ova iravrmv. 

The labours of the judges in Northumberland and 
Cumberland were very materially lightened by the 
existence of a standing commission for the suppression 
of freebooters. Some of the principal gentlemen in 
the two counties sat upon it and dealt out justice with 
a relentless hand. Roger North tells us that "at 
one sessions they hanged eighteen for not reading 
sicut clericiJ' And, in truth, there was very great 
need of the adoption of energetic measures. It was 
not from Scotland only that the moss-troopers made 


their depredations. An English commander, in a 
despatch written at the close of the 16th century, de- 
clared that there was more plundering and bloodshed 
by English thieves than by all the Scots in Scotland ! 
And so it was. Every village had its party of thieves ; 
every family had its own feuds and wrongs to avenge. 
No one could go to rest with the certainty of finding 
his cattle in his fold when he arose in the morning. 
The effects of such a system were most disastrous. 
Agriculture was necessarily neglected. Refinement 
there was none, and all the gentler arts were unculti- 
vated and unknown. The husbandman tilled his fields 
with his arms by his side, meditating, perhaps, all the 
while a descent upon some neighbouring herd — 

Armati terrain exercent, semperque recentes 
Convectare juvat prjedas, et vivere rapto. 

The landed proprietor, also, was but little in ad- 
vance of his tenant in the social scale. He occa- 
sionally assisted him in his raids. At all times he 
was willing to cast a cloak over his offences. There 
are several startling pictures in the present volume of 
the evil influence that was exerted by the gentlemen 
of Northumberland and Cumberland. How lament- 
able is that state of society in which the fountain of 
justice is itself polluted ! On every side there was 
rapine and bloodshed, and the inhabitants of the dis- 
trict, gentle as well as simple, were Ishmaelites in- 
deed. An interesting account of the measures that 
were taken to repress the turbulence and the violence 
of the times is to be found in Mr. Hodgson Hinde's 


introductory volume to the History of Northumber- 

* There is at York a thin volume containing the proceedings of the 
Border Commissioners for a few years. I take from it a code of rules upon 
which they acted: — 

Morpeth, October the 5th, 1665. Articles of agreement made and con- 
cluded between the right honourable Charles Earle of Carlisle, William 
Lord Widdrington, and the rest of the commissioners for this general! 
gaole delivery, and justices on the part and behalfe of the Borders of Eng- 
land, with Henry Mackdougall of Mackerston, John Rotherfoord of Egers- 
ton, and Robert Pringle of Stitcbill, for and on behalfe of the Borders of 
the kingdome of Scotland, commissioners for the said Borders for the sup- 
pressing of theft of both the Borders. 

1. First, that the acts of Parliament shalbe put in execution, made for 
that purpose, and that the Act of the 7th of King James for re-demandinge 
shalbe duely observed, and that the manner for the demanding and deliver- 
ing of felons shalbe soe often as conveniently it can according to the direc- 
tion of that statute. That is to say, at the generall quarter sessions of the 
commissioners for the gaole delivery, and in the intervalls upon the infor- 
mation given to the neighbouring justices or commissioners of either king- 
dome of any person or persons that have committed any theft or other of- 
fence punishable by them, they shall, upon fourteen dayes notice, d«e their 
endeavour to apprehend the said persons and bring them to some conve- 
nient place upon the Borders, where four commissioners or justices of each 
kingdome shalbe present to informe themselves touching the truth of such 
accusations ; and, being satisfyed of the truth thereof, shall deliver the said 
persons soe demanded to be prosecuted according to the law for their 

2. It is further agreed, in case any Englishman shall committ any of 
the aforesaid offences in the kingdome of Scotland and fly into England, 
that, if any Scottish man shall have information whereto the said person 
is fled, if he doe pursue him and apprehend him and bring him before the 
next magistrate, he shalbe committed to the next immediate assizes, gene- 
rall gaole delivery, quai'ter-sessions, or other meeting of commissioners 
which shall first happen, or come there to be tryed or re-demanded as the 
case shall require. 

3. It is also agreed that at any assize or gaole delivery where any person 
or persons are brought to his or their tryalls for any of the offences afore- 
said, that then noe person nor persons that shalbe produced as witnesses 
against such offender or ofienders, or shalbe otherwise concerned in the 
management or prosecution of any evidence tendinge to the conviction of 
him or them, shall, and at that time, be questioned for any offence or offences 


Of the social position and character of the people 
of the North during the I7th century it is impossible 

of his or their owne, dureing that time of assizes or generall gaole delivery, 
but that he or they may safely returne againe to his or their respective 
kingdome and place of aboade. 

4. It is also agreed that, in all the particulars herein expressed, that the 
same method and care shalbe used by the ministers of justice within the 
kingdome of Scotland for the attainement of the ends aforesaid. 

5. It is also agreed that the commissioners of the kingdome of Scotland 
authorized for the suppression of theft, shalbe carefull to apprehend all 
such persons as shall endeavour to escape from us through that kingdome 
into Ireland. 

6. It is further agreed that the commissioners of either kingdome, upon 
application to them made and satisfaction given that such person or persons 
as they shall then nominate to be suspected guilty of theft, or any other 
offences punishable by them, and thereupon declared demandable, that 
then it shall and may be lawfull for the commissioners of that kingdome to 
whom the prrsons suspected doe belong, to apprehend, or cause to be 
apprehended, the said persons, giveing notice to some magistrate of that 
kingdome after they are apprehended of such their apprehension. 

Hen. Mackdougall. J. Rutherfooiid. Rob. Pringle, 

The names of those that were remanded by the commissioners of the 
Borders of Scotland. 

Roger Hanglngshaw of Harehaugh, Gyles Hall of Woodhall, Alexander 
Rotherfoord of Peeles, John Chaiters of Woodhouses, William Hall of 
Wilkewood, William Hall of Eardhope, Anthony Pott of Eashop, Isack 
Hall of Woodhall, Adam Browne of Leerne, Roger Hall soldier In Ber- 
wicke, Alexander Hall of Woodhall, Parcivell Pott of Arnehouse, Andrew 
Bell called the chief Bell, Thomas Hedley of Elsden. 

Hen. Mackdougall. J. Rutherfoord. Ro. Pringle. 

Carlisle, 29 Augusti, 1674. Additionall articles of agreement (to those 
concluded at Morpeth, the 5th of October, 1665) made and concluded by 
and between the right hon*"'* the commissioners of gaole delivery and jus- 
tices on the part and behalfe of the Borders of England and Scotland, for the 
suppressing of theft and rapine upon the Borders of both the said klngdomes. 

First, that every constable and proper officer In every constable-wlcke, 
parish, or barony, within the counties of Northumberland, Cumberland, 
Westmorland, or any parts or members of the s^me, and within the parts 
and places lying on the north side of the river Tyne, commonly called and 
known by the names of Bedllngtonshire, Norhamshire, and Islandshire, the 
towne and county of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and the towne of Barwick- 


to speak with commendatioii. These depositions give 
us a very unvarnished tale. It is painful to find an 
Earl, the head of one of the nohlest families in Scot- 
land, killing his companion at the gaming-table in a 
drunken brawl. How often do we see gentlemen of 
the highest consideration drinking and stabbing one 
another in a country pot-house ! Party- spirit seems 
to have raged with all the acrimony of later times un- 
attended by their generosity. Treason, in one form or 
another, was not unfrequent. The convulsions in the 
state had shattered the foundations of society, and 
many vices had sprung up which were congenial to 
the period, and which the rulers treated with that un- 
equal justice that is so detrimental to the morals and 
happiness of the people. Informers were far too busy 

upon-Tweed, with the bounds and liberties thereof, in the kingdoine of 
England, and within the shires and villages of Roxborough, Selkrigge, and 
Drumfreize, and stewartry of Annandale, within the kingdome of Scotland, 
shalbe authorised, by the persons haveing power for that end, to make dili- 
gent search in all suspected places, or wheresoever they shalbe desired, 
within their respective jurisdictions, by any person or persons haveing a 
warrant under the hand of any one commissioner or justice of the peace 
dwelling within either of the said kingdomes, for any goods stolen, or for 
any suspected person, and to convey the same before a commissioner or a 
justice of the peace of that kingdome where such person or goods shalbe 
apprehended or found, to be proceeded against as the case shall require. 

2'y. That every person dwelling within any of the places abovesaid that 
shall receive againe any of his owne goods after they have been stolen, shall 
give account to any commissioner or justice of the peace how they came by 
the same. 

3'y. That the commissioners or justices of the peace, or any one of them, 
within the places aforesaid, shall, with all expedition, binde over by recog- 
nizance or bond all such persons as shalbe suspected to be guilty of felony, 
or shalbe of known evill ftime within their respective jurisdictions. 

William Scott, Tarras, Walter Scott, Jon. Scott, F. Eliott, Ja 




with their calumnies and lies, and men had not yet 
learned to look upon them with contempt. There 
could be but little security either at home or abroad 
when freedom of speech and liberty of conscience 
were hampered or denied. Restrictions are too fre- 
quently the nurses of discontent and crime. What 
way could education have made among the people 
when superstition was still so rampant, and when they 
listened with such implicit belief to every tale of 
witchcraft and spiritual manifestations ? Religion, 
also, I fear, had but little hold upon the masses. 
They were obliged, indeed, to attend the services of 
the church, but there are few things more detrimental 
to true piety than such compulsory worship. It bore 
some very evil fruits. That this was the case the fre- 
quency of the crime of sacrilege is a sufficient proof. 
When the spirit of devotion is strong no unholy hand 
is laid upon a church. The painful scene that 
occurred in York Minster at the funeral of Lady Straf- 
ford cannot easily be forgotten. 

The haunts of vice in the 17th and the 19th cen- 
turies are pretty nearly identical. In many of the 
agricultural and mountainous districts, in the East 
Riding of Yorkshire, in Craven and Westmorland, 
there was a general freedom from crime. It was 
principally to be found in the towns. The vapours 
that cannot contaminate the pure clear airs among the 
hills nestle over the crowded city. There are, how- 
ever, far fewer heinous offences recorded among the 
depositions at York than any one could reason- 


ably have expected. It is, perhaps, true that many 
crimes were undetected and even unknown, but it is 
pretty evident that the cases recorded in the pamphlet- 
literature of the day, and by men like Aubrey and 
Glanville, have no foundation in fact. They were 
written, in the first instance, merely to gratify the 
morbid taste of purchasers and readers. Murders 
were less numerous than might have been expected. 
Rape was almost unknown. There were, however, 
robbers of every description and degree, from the 
famous Nevinson to the ordinary cut-purse. Horse- 
stealing was a very frequent offence, especially in the 
time of the civil wars and among the disbanded 
soldiery. Cattle- stealing, which is now so rare, was 
one of the common vices both of town and country. 
But, perhaps, the most serious and frequent crime 
was the clipping and deterioration of the coin. No 
one can have any idea of the extent to which this 
infamous trade was carried on. I have seen the con- 
fessions of several culprits, each of whom inculpates 
twenty or thirty others. The oflPence, which was high- 
treason, was repressed by the severest punishments, 
but the temptation was greater than many would re- 
sist. There were few silversmiths in the North who 
had not purchased the proscribed filings, or clipped 
them off" themselves. 

The offences against the state, during the period 
embraced by the present volume, were many both in 
variety and number. The reader will be struck with 
the frequent occurrence of seditious speeches. Un- 


important, for the most part, in themselves, they are 
still significant. They shew how freely puhlic men 
and puhlic acts were criticized in the country. We 
see in them the progress of popular opinion, and with 
what jealoasy it was watched hy the government in 
those unsettled times. The rulers, however, were 
generally satisfied with the mere vindication of the 
suprenaacy of the law, and a reprimand was usually 
the punishment with which the offenders were visited. 
Many, however, were not content with whispering or 
speaking treason. Whilst there were insurgents on 
land there were pirates on the seas. The adventure 
of Captain Denton at the market-cross at Malton will 
he read with great interest. The exploits of Colonel 
Morris at Pontefract Castle possess all the charms of 
a romance. One man startles us Avith an account of 
a visit that Prince Charles is said to have paid to 
Yorkshire during the usurpation. Another witness 
throws some light upon the origin of the great fire in 
London. Most of the leading events of the day elicit 
the remarks of some critic in the country. Nor were 
the people of the North unacquainted with the scan- 
dal of the court and capital. They would have us 
helieve that Charles I. was a parricide, and Charles 
II. a Roman Catholic, and something worse. They 
make James II. into a murderer, and deny the death 
of Monmouth, whom they loved so well. 

The most striking political offence recorded in this 
volume is the great Preshyterian rising in October, 
1663. That powerful party had many real or imagi- 



nary grievances to arouse it. The neglect of that 
sovereign whom they had placed upon the throne — 
the vices that he countenanced and practised— the 
black Bartholomew act that emptied so many pulpits 
— generated much bitterness and discontent. They 
broke out at last in open rebellion. A conspiracy was 
organized at Harrogate and Knaresbrough, which 
spread its ramifications through the whole of the 
Northern counties. Liberty of conscience was the 
chief watchword of the insurgents. But, although 
there was much energy and determination evinced, 
they had neither system nor plan. There was no 
leader of any name to give his authority to the move- 
ment, for men like ^Fairfax and Wharton held them- 
selves cautiously aloof. There were too many masters, 
with no presiding genius to direct them. The house, 
therefore, whilst it was in the builder's hands, crumbled 
to the ground. The night of the 12th of October wit- 
nessed the beginning and the ending of the Westmor- 
land plot. The Bishopric men arose at the same time 
and with a similar result. In Yorkshire, however, 
some large preparations had been made. Earneley 
Wood, near Leeds, was the rendezvous of the insur- 
gents, who assembled there on the night of the 12th 
in some force, and actually threw up entrenchments, 
which were abandoned at the approach of day. Con- 
cealment was impossible, and the Cavaliers were at 
once upon them. Numerous arrests were made 
throughout the North of England, and in the winter 
a special assize was held, at which the offenders were 


brought to the bar. Twenty-two were executed in 
Yorkshu'e, and four at Appleby. Many others were 
kept in prison for a long time ; and so severe an exam- 
ple was made that the flames of treason were tho- 
roughly stamped out. A list of the Yorkshire pri- 
soners, w^hich is quite new, will be read with interest. 
The offenders, it will be seen, were principally West 
Riding men, and many of them were engaged in the 
manufactures for which that part of England was 
even then renowned. 

Jan. 7, 1663-4. Before Sir Christopher Turner, kt. Baron of 
the Exchequer, and Sir John Keeling and Sir John Archer, kts. 
Justices of the Common Pleas. 

To he hanged^ drawn, and quartered. Captain Thomas Gates 
of Morley, Samuel Ellis, John Ellis of Morley, John Nettleton, 
sen. and jun. of Dunningley, Eobert Scott, of Alverthorp, Wm. 
Tolson, John Fossard, Robert Oldroyd of Dewsbury, Joshua 
Askwith, alias Sparling, of Morley, Peregrine Corney, John 
Sowden, John Smith, Wm. Ash, John Errington, exequendus 
apud Leeds, Robert Atkins, exequendus apud Leeds, Wm. Cotton, 
George Denham, Henry Watson, exequendus apud Leeds, Richard 
Wilson, Ralph Rymer, sen. 

Richard Oldroyd, (the devil of Dewsbury,) sentenced to death 
in July, 1664. 

Charles Carr, reprieved before judgment. Released from gaol 
in March, 1665. 

Acquitted. To find sureties for their good behaviour, and to take 
the oath of allegia^ice. — William Towers and Robert Redshaw of 
Leeds, cloth-workers, Robert Cooke, James Newton of Leeds, 
locksmith, Samuel Ward of Morley, labourer, William Sparling 
of Woodchurch, cloth- worker, John Smirfitt of Morley, Ralph 
and John Wade of Leeds, cloth-workers. 

To remain in gaol, unthout hail, till the delivery of the gaol, for 

6 2 


high-treason. — Leonard Flesher of Otley, yeoman, RIcliard Nel- 
son of Helperby, yeoman, John Sergeant of Harrogate, yeo., 
John Hodgson, Theodore Parkinson, Walter ]\Ierry, William 
Stockdale of Bilton park, Esq., Joseph Oddy, James Oddy of 
Leeds, clothier, William Flesher, Daniel Lupton of Holbeck, 
Robert Fletcher, Henry Pownall of Hawnby, gen. Thomas 
Pickells of Beckwithshaw, George Robinson of Burrowby, yeo., 
John Pease of Leeds, cloth-worker, Robert Lucas, Ralph Robin- 
son of Cockerton, co. Durham, Matthew Thackwray, Thomas 
Lascells of Mountgrace, gen., James Fisher of Sheffield, gen., 
Ralph Rymer, jun , John Joblin of Newhouse, gen., Robert 
Hutton, John Tayler, William Hogg of Leeds, cordwainer, 
George Fawcett, Henry Hanson of Broughton, yeo., Benjamin 
Lucas of Broughton, yeo. 

Freed hy proclamation, hit to find securities, and to take the 
oath of allegiance. — David Hamond of Bolton, yeo., William 
Hamond of Bolton near Bradford, John Staveley of Calenton, 
yeo , Samuel Sparling, alias Askwith, of Woodchurch, linen-wea- 
ver, James Sparling, alias Askwith, of Earles Heaton, weaver, 
Robert Harrison, Robert Raine of Ripon, yeo., William Adkins, 
alias Atkinson, cloth-worker, William Day of Skiptou, cloth- 
worker, John Wiseman, of Leeds, cloth-dresser, John Dickinson, 
of Gildersome, yeo., John Acey, David Leake of Ripon, malster, 
Percival Robinson of Northallerton, inn-holder, Francis White of 
Olton, yeo., John Dennison of Morley, yeo., Henry Laidman of 
Hunslet, clothier, Dennis Walker of Leeds, cloth -dresser, John 
Lascells of Little Siddall, gen,, Miles Dawson of Beeston, clo- 
thier, William Dixon of Leeds, cloth-worker, Thomas Lobley, 
Edward Sheppardson, Timothy Crowther of Gildersome, yeo , 
Thomas Woollas of Glaipwell, co. Derby, gen., Ralph Rountree 
of Stokesley, yeo., Christopher Witton of Eaton, yeo., John Hill 
of York, grocer. 

Thomas Benson, acquitted by proclamation and released. 

To find hail to appear at the next assizes, and in the mean time 


to he of good behaviour. —Ralph Gates of Morley, gen., Timothy 
Idle of Holbeck, Enock Sincler of Burneby, John Hunter of 
Leeds, cloth-worker, Nathaniel Shrigley of Halifax, Robert 
Nicholson, Thomas Walker, Christopher Brogden of Holbeck, 
cloth-maker, William Bussy, William Flesher of Leeds, shoe- 
maker, William Childrey, Henry Bradshaw of Manningham, and 
Peter Pattison of Bub with, yeoman. 

To remain in gaol ivitliout bail. — John Acy, Robert Hutton, 
John Joblin, William Fisher, Percival Robinson, Alexander 
Horner, Francis White, Dennis Walker, William Hamond and 
Robert Cooke.* 

Among the political offenders of the day the 
Quakers must undoubtedly be enumerated. That 
peculiar sect had only recently sprung into existence, 
and, through its luminaries, Eox and Naylor, it was 
very closely connected with the jNorth of England. 
The infancy of this religious party was more fiery than 
its age. The Quakers were concerned more or less in 
all the plots of the time. It was their delight to 
abuse the minister in the pulpit and the judge upon 
the bench. They were continually violating public 
order and decency in the grossest manner. They pro- 
phesied. They walked about the streets in the un- 
adorned simplicity of our first parents. TJiey howled 
and bellowed as if an evil spirit was within them. 
They professed to use earthly weapons, as the sword of 
the Lord and of Gideon. Madness like this was of 

* Several others were in gaol for some years, including Parkinson and 
Merry. On July 25, 1664, Ralph Rymer and John Hodgson were ordered 
to be imprisoned for life, and all their goods and lands to be forfeited for 
their lives. Hodgson was pardoned, and released in March followipg. 


course intolerable. The Yorkshire justices clapped 
the deluded creatures into prison. They suppressed 
their conventicles. They forced upon them the oath 
of allegiance, and cooled their religious ardour in the 
gaol. The Cumberland grand jury made a special 
presentment against these misguided men, for in that 
district they were more than usually numerous and 
obnoxious.* Erancis Higginson, the vicar of Kirkby 

* Aug. 17, 1655. Cumberland. The humble presentment of the grand 
jurie to the honorable the judges of the Notherin circuett. 

Our duty to God and our country doth in our apprehenson oblige us as 
followeth, viz., to sett forth and represent to your lordshipp our sadd and 
deplorable condicion, occasioned by the multiplicity and irregularity of the 
deluded sect called the Quakers, as namly, 

1. Their horride blasphemies and violations of the cleere and knowne 
fundamentall truthes of the Gospell. 

2. Their notorious affronts to magistrates and ministers, whom they 
labour uncessantly by their scandalous speeches and pamphletts to expose 
to most infamous scorne and contempt, and consequently the whole nation 
to confusion. 

3. Their apparent designe and common practise is to seduce and misleade 
the poore, ignorant, ungrounded, and unsetled people of these Northeren 
partes, and to involve them in most dangerous and detestable principles, 
worse then the Egiptian darknes, wherein they resemble the old serpent, who 
first applied his assaults against the weaker vessell. 

4. They are growne numerous, and meete frequently to the number of 
diverse hundred together ; and some of them have given out that their 
opposers should repent their withstandinge them before Michaelmas next, 
as was proved by oath att the last quarter sessions holden in July last for 
this county. 

Hereupon yt is our most humble peticon to your Lordshipps, for the 
glory of God, the reducement of those misguided people themselves, and 
the prevention of mischiefe and destruction to the soules of others, that 
some speedie course be forwith taken, whereby piety may be preserved in 
purity, and the people of this county in safty. And wee most humbly con- 
ceive that the restraint of strangers from coming into this county, and all 
others of them from meeting in soe great numbers together, may much 
conduce to the ends abovesaid, which wee most humbly submitt to your 
Lordshipps' order and direction. 


Stephen, undertook to vanquish them in print, but it 
will be seen from a deposition that he could not silence 
them. His pamphlets, for he shot at them with light 
artillery, are most amusing and are full of curious 
information. An extract will suffice. Speaking of 
the excesses of the Quakers, he says, " They railed at 
the judges sitting upon the bench, calling them scar- 
let-coloured beasts. The justices of the peace they 
styled 'justices so called;' and said there would be 
Quakers in England when there should be no justices 
of the peace. They made it a constant practice to 
enter into the churches with their hats on durins; 
divine service, and to rail openly and exclaim aloud 
against the ministers with reproachful words, calling 
them liars, deluders of the people, Baal's priests, Ba- 
bylon's merchants selling beastly ware, and bidding 
them come down from the high places. One instance 
of this kind (ludicrous enough) happened at Orton. 
Mr. Eothergill, vicar there, one Sunday exchanged 
pulpits with Mr. Dalton of Shap, tvho had but one eye. 
A Quaker stalking as usual into the church of Orton, 
whilst Mr. Dalton is preaching, says, ' Come down, 
thou false Eothergill ?' ' Who told thee,' says Mr. 
Dalton, ' that my name was Pothergill ?' ' The 
Spirit,' quoth the Quaker. 'That spirit of thine 
is a lying spirit,' says the other ; ' for it is well 

William Musgrave. John Aglionby. Richard Helton. Will. Hutton. 
John Whelpdall. Edmund Harrington. Robert Thomlinson. Hugh Askew. 
John Rawbancks. John Simson. Ar. Forster. Cuth. Studholme. George 
Graham. Thomas Stanwix. "W^illiam Latus. Thomas Laythes. Roger 
Sleddall. Lawr. Parke. Joseph Dalston. 


known I am not Potbergill, but peed Dalton of 

Another religious body that must be noticed are the 
Roman Catholics. Although they are not to be men- 
tioned in the same breath with the fanatics who have 
just been spoken of, they were treated with even 
greater harshness and severity. Ever since the Re- 
formation they had been looked upon with suspicion. 
Doubtless there was in them the longing wish to re- 
cover the spiritual control over the province that they 
had lost — and could they be blamed for it ? but tlie 
zeal of some of their more unscrupulous members had 
seemingly wrapped around the whole party, innocent 
as well as guilty, the garb of treason. There is some- 
thing very touching in the devotion of the mis- 
sionaries to England. Year after year did a number 
of English youths steal across the seas to the college 
of Douay, which was founded for the winning back of 
their fatherland to the bosom of their church. Year 
after year did they return in various disguises, heed- 
less altogether of the laws which denounced them as 
traitors, and eager to spend their life-blood for their 
religion. There are many mournful chapters in the 
annals of their sufferings, and the adventures and fate 
of several of them will be disclosed in the pages of 
this volume. The fear of detection made them adepts 
in the art of deception. Who could fence more deftly 
with a question ? They were ready for everything 
that occurred. Some of them were schoolmasters; 
others could labour, if necessarv, with their hands, 


whilst in some secret recess were the vestments of 
their office concealed alike from the inquisitive and 
the incurious eye. In many old manor-houses there 
was an asylum for them, and some quiet hiding-place 
to which they could retire when the searchers were 
abroad. But the lash of authority was laid upon the 
laymen as well as upon the priests. During the reigns 
of Elizabeth and James I. a great number of the 
Yorkshire Koman Catholics were in prison for their 
faith. Many of them died in gaol. They were 
dragged to the service at the minster, where the arch- 
bishop preached at them. When his chaplain, Mr. 
Bunney, aspersed them from the pulpit with what An- 
thony a' Wood calls his " Divinity squirt," they cried 
out in indignation, and they were actually gagged ! 
Could intolerance go further than this ? In the 
following reign they met with some little consider- 
ation, but Charles I. was obliged to make them com- 
pound for their estates. This, however, did not damp 
their loyalty, for the Homan Catholic gentry were 
found among the ranks of the Cavaliers. After the 
Bestoration, when religious parties became every day 
more divided, the Roman Catholics were looked upon 
with increased dislike. Those who had laid at the 
door of Henrietta-Maria more than half the evil deeds 
of Charles I., looked with dread upon the advent of 
Catherine of Braganza. Towards the close of Charles 
the Second's reign, the prospect of a Boman Catholic 
succession raised the fears of the one party and the 
hopes of the other. When the public mind was thus 


excited, the well known plots struggled into light. 
The outcry against the E-oman Catholics was now im- 
mense. The old penal laws were put into full force, 
and more stringent enactments were devised. In 
1675 there came down into the North an order of 
council desiring the justices of the peace to be more 
strict in reporting and punishing recusants. In 1678 
and 1679 the oaths of allegiance were offered to many 
of the leading Uoman Catholics in the district, and 
those who declined fell under the statute of praemu- 
nire and were thrown into prison. All suspicious 
persons were arrested. The sea-ports were matched, 
and every disaffected neighbourhood was put under 
the strictest surveillance.* In this crisis there arose 

* The presentment of the grand jury for the county of Northumberland, 
at the assizes holden at the high castle of Newcastle the 7th day of August, 
anno Domini 1683. 

We doe humbly present that the surest and most eflectuall meanes to 
establish our happiness both in church and state, to preserve our King, and 
make us live a happie people under a great and glorious Prince, is to se the 
lawes made against the disturbers of our peace impartially and duly put in exe- 
cution, especially against the teachers and ringleaders of that seditious crew. 

Wee beleive recusants of all sorts are now growen equally dangerous in 
our established government ; and, therefore, wee here present them as they 
come to our knowledge. Wee did the same last assises, and doe really 
beleive that, had the lawes against them been duly executed, wee should 
have had but a very few of them to have troubled you with again. 

Wee humbly beg that certificates for the conformity of dissenters may 
not be allowed, except such certificate be under the hand of the minister of 
the parisli where such dissenter dwelleth, Avee being informed that it is 
their practice to goe from their owen parish clnirch to others, where they 
come in for scrapps of sermons at the latter end or after divine service, 
and soe procure certificates for their comeing to church, and, in the mcane 
tyme, the divine service and their owen parish church are utterly neglected, 
and their minister dispised. 

Wee alsoe doe present that all persons who shall presume to speake 


in the North two mischievous informers of the names 
of Bolron and Mowbray. Of their proceedings the 
present volume will supply much novel and interesting 
information. The first person that they struck at was 
Sir Thomas Gascoigne of Barnbrough, but this blow 
was unsuccessful They were equally unfortunate in 
their attack upon Sir Miles Stapleton of Carlton. 
At another time they laid an information against 
Anne Lady Tempest, the daughter of Sir Thomas 
Gascoigne, Charles Ingleby of Lawkland, a barrister 
of Gray's Inn, Thomas Thweng of Heworth, clerk, 
and Mary wife of Thomas Pressick, for subscribing 
money to bring about the murder of the King. In 
this instance Thweng was convicted on their testimony, 
and died upon the scaffold. The rest escaped, and 
Mr. Ingleby lived to become a Baron of the Exchequer 
in the reign of James II. In the following year Bol- 

reflectively on the government, or shall dare to extenuate or excuse the 
horror of this late execrable plot, are dangerous and of evill example, 
debauching the loyall hearts of many of the ignorant sort, and ought to be 
disarm'd, that honnest men may be secured from the wicked effects of their 
inveteratly rebellious spirits. 

Wee alsoe doe present that all persons who keep ale-houses, or other 
publicke-houses within this county, shall bring a certificate under the hand 
of the parson of the parish where hee or she dwelleth at the same tyme 
they come to renue their lycences, that they have duly repaired to their 
parish churches and received the Sacrament accordeing to law. 

And whereas John Pigg hath lately been removed from the office of sur- 
veyor of the high-wayes for this county, cheifly uppon the account of his 
nonconformity, wee doe here present George Barkass of Quarry house as a 
loyall person, a good churchman, and very fit to doe this county good ser- 
vice in that office. E,. Bates, Will. Orde, Hen. Ogle, Willm. Ogle, Na. 
Whitehead, Surtes Swinburne, T. Swinho, Geo. De-lavall, John Clennell, 
Ephraim Reied, Nath. Salkeld, J. Irwin, Mark Erringtou, Wm. Bonner, 
Lan. Strother, Ed. Charleton, Ed. Parke. 


roil and his companion accused Mr. Gascoigne, Mr. 
Stephen Tempest, and Mr. York, but no reliance was 
placed upon their evidence, and the three gentlemen 
escaped. In their disinclination to credit the state- 
ments of informers, the Yorkshire juries have set an 
example to the whole of England. On the accession 
of James II. the Homan Catholic prisoners were re- 
leased. They became sheriffs and justices of peace, 
and honours were showered upon them which were in 
no small degree the cause of that revulsion of feeling 
which in the end removed the misguided monarch from 
his throne. 

It is impossible, of course, to notice every kind of 
offence that will be placed before the reader in the 
present volume, but there is one which it is impossi- 
ble to pass over; I mean that of witchcraft. The 
North of England has always been noted for its super- 
stition, and in the seventeenth century it was pecu- 
liarly rampant. People, to a great extent, take their 
tone from the district in which they live, and we 
cannot therefore be surprised at finding that the inha- 
bitants of the wilder parts of the North especially 
cherished that strange belief in possession and evil 
influences that was suggested by the scenery around 
them. Eearful stories of fancied sights and sounds 
would pass from lip to lip, far beyond the boundaries 
of the savage district that originated them; tliey 
would spread into the lowlands, till every heart trem- 
bled at the recital, and owned its own subjection to 
the influence that appalled it. In the earlier part of 


the seventeenth century there were several noted 
cases of witchcraft in the North. The first is the 
well-known tale of Janet Preston, of Gisburne, in 
1612, which has been printed more than once. After 
this there were the very remarkable experiences of 
Edward Eairfax, the poet, which have just been 
brought to light by the Philobiblon. Society. During 
the Commonwealth there were published two little 
volumes of great rarity and curiosity ; one of them 
gives an account of some very singular occurrences 
that took place in the family of Mr. George Mus- 
chance, or Muschamp, of Barmoor, in Northumber- 
land, the other relates the sufferings of Miss Martha 
Hatfield, of Laugliton-en-le-Morthing, and is well 
known from the graphic notice of it in the pages of 
the historian of South Yorkshire. These four cases 
in themselves were enough to terrify the North of 
England for several generations. But there were 
many others. In the midst of the dismay that was 
generated by these strange stories^ there sprung up 
several impostors, who professed to be able to detect 
witches, aud to them the credulous public too fre- 
quently applied. In 1650 one of these fellows visited 
Newcastle, and fifteen persons were executed on the 
Moor in consequence of his impudent assertions ! 
The disease, however, was not cured by examples like 
these, as will be shewn by the present volume. I 
have given a number of depositions which illustrate 
the history of this remarkable superstition. The 
great Northumbrian case of 1673 will almost rival 


the exploits of Mother Demdyke and her crew. It is 
striking, also, to observe what a range of victims the 
torturers select. They begin with the daughter of a 
knight, and end with cows and pigs ! I am happy to 
say that in no instance have I discovered the record 
of the conviction of a reputed witch. All honour to 
the Northern juries for discrediting these absurd tales ! 
And yet some of these weak and silly women had 
themselves only to thank for the position they were 
placed in. They made a trade of their evil reputation. 
They were the wise women of the day. They pro- 
fessed some knowledge of medicine, and could recover 
stolen property. People gave them money for their 
services. Their very threats brought silver into their 
coffers. It was to their interest to gain the ill name 
for which they suffered. They were certainly uni- 
formly acquitted at the assizes, but no judge, or jury, 
or minister, could make the people generally believe 
that they were innocent. The superstition was too 
deeply rooted to be easily eradicated. I shall finish 
the paragraph with a story that is given by Sir John 
Keresby, who gives it as if he was nearly convinced of 
its truth. " I would venture to take notice of a private 
occurrence which made some noise at York. The as- 
sizes being there held on the 7th of March, 1686-7, 
an old woman was condemned for a witch. Those 
who were more credulous in points of this nature than 
myself, conceived the evidence to be very strong 
against her. The boy she was said to have bewitched 
fell down on a sudden before all the court, wlien he 


saw her, and would then as suddenly return to him- 
self again, and very distinctly relate the several inju- 
ries she had done him : but in all this it was observed 
the boy was free from any distortion ; that he did not 
foam at the mouth, and that his fits did not leave him 
gradually, but all at once ; so that, upon the whole, 
the judge thought it proper to reprieve her, in which 
he seemed to act the part of a wise man. But, though 
such is my own private opinion, I cannot help con- 
tinuing my story. One of my soldiers being upon 
guard about eleven in the night, at the gate of Clifford 
Tower, the very night after the witch was arraigned, 
he heard a great noise at the castle, and going to the 
porch, he there saw a scroll of paper creep from under 
the door, which, as he imagined by the moonshine, 
turned first into the shape of a monkey, and thence 
assumed the form of a turkey-cock, which passed to 
and fro by him. Surprised at this, he went to the 
prison, and called the under-keeper, who came and 
saw the scroll dance up and down, and creep under 
the door, where there was scarce an opening of the 
thickness of half-a- crown. This extraordinary story 
I had from the mouth of both the one and the other : 
and now leave it to be believed or disbelieved, as the 
reader may be inclined this way or that." 

It is impossible to speak in terms of too strong 
reprobation of the state of the Northern prisons in the 
seventeenth century, and of the conduct of their 
keepers. They were dens of iniquity and horror, in 
which men and women herded together indiscrimi- 


nately. The dungeons of the Inquisition themselves 
were scarcely worse. Some of them had no light and 
no ventilation ; several were partly under water when- 
ever there was a flood ! The number of prisoners who 
died in gaol during this century is positively startling. 
And how could they live in such places, where they 
were treated worse than savages themselves ? The 
ordinary conveniences and necessaries of life were 
denied to them. They were at the mercy of the 
gaolers for their food and for everything they pos- 
sessed. They had the meanest fare at the most exor- 
bitant price.* If they resisted there were irons and 
screws that compelled them to be silent. There was 
also the greatest inequality and injustice in the treat- 
ment of the prisoners. Those that had money had 
many indulgences. They were allowed to go to places 

* The following papers will illustrate my remarks, and show the state of 
York Castle in the 17th century : — 

My Lord, — It had bene fitter for me to have wayted on you myselfe, 
then to have presented my respects to you this way ; but, my Lord, I 
have bene soe desperatly ill these six weekes, I have hardly bene able to 
stirr out of my bedd. My humble suite to your Lordshipp is, in the 
behalfe of a great many poore distressed people that are now prisoners 
within the Castle of Yorke, that have noethinge to subsist withall, but the 
charity of well disposed persons; and, as the case stands with them, the beni- 
fitt of what they have is very small, for they are not suffered to buy a bitt 
of bread or a dropp of drinke, nor so much as a halfe penny worth of milke, 
or a little fyreing in the wynter, but what they are compelled to buy of the 
keepers of the prison, where they pay 2d. or 3rf. for that which is not some- 
tymes worth a penny. My Lord, my lodginge being not farr from the 
Castle gate, the neighbours have made a great request to me to be a suiter 
to your Lordshippe, that at this Assizes your Lordshippe would be pleased 
to make an order that these poore people, as formerly they have done, may 
send into the towne for such provision as they are able to compasse, where 
they may have it at the best hand. 1 liope your Lordshipp will pardon the 


of amusement without the walls of the gaol, aud some 
were even permitted to lodge beyond the precincts, 

bouldnes of your most humble servant, — Jo. Wortham. From my lodg- 
inge this 9th of August, 1642. 

In dorso. — To the honorable Sir Robert Heath, knt. his Ma" Judge of 
Assize for the county of Yorke, with my humble service, these present. 

1654. A petition ft-om the prisoners in York Castle, complaining of the 
gaolers. — They have hindred divers prisoners from haveinge theire meate 
and drinke at the best hand, and, to compell them to come to the high table, 
did lye some in dubble irons. That some prisoners sendinge for theire 
drinke within the castle, where they can have more for sixpence then they 
can have in the sellers for neenpence, the gaolers did abuse the prisoners 
and tooke theire drinke from them, and gave it to the low gaole prisoners. 
The gaolers' servant gets a share of the charities given to the prisoners. 
On July 10 last divers prisoners going to the sessions at Malton, the gaolers 
refused to devide the Cottrell bread till they were gone, and got their share. 
The gaolers doth refuse to hange up the stablishment of fees in a publique 
place, etc. 

For the worshipfull William Bethell, Esqr., foreman of the grand jury for 
the county of Yorke. 

The humble petecion of the prisoners in the castle of Yorke, complaining 
of the severall abuses committed and don by Thomas Core and William 
Crooke, jailors. 

Sheweth, that, contry to a table of severall fees and acts of Parlement, 
the aforesaid jailors hath demaunded and taken severall sums of money for 
chamber-rent, and likewise for our owne bedds and bedding, and doth 
compell us to pay for ease of irons (being in execution), although wee have 
paid the sume to the former jailors to whom wee was committed, lodgeing 
fellons and debtors together in one roome or chamber, takeing more fees 
then one, viz. for every accion one fee, althowgh wee are discharged from 
all such accions by the shirriffe, takeing unjust fees from the prisoners 
when discharged, receiveing 16/. and 8*. from 6 men committed and indicted 
for high treason at the last assizes, as fees due to them, besides 6/. for ease 
of irons, they or there servants takeing or receiveing money at severall 
times from 3 persons indicted for murther at Lent assizes last, promissing 
that the jury should acquitt and discharge, and alloweing weekly out of 
the county bread a greater share to fellons and condemd persons then they 
doe to debtors. Alloweing condemd persons not onely to dispose of it, but 
of most of the concernes in the jaiol. Tollerateing persons condemned for 
high treason, for murther, for fellony in execution, excommunication 
besides 180 Quakers, at the least, to goe into the citty and county of Yorke, 



subjected only to some trifling surveillance. Escapes 
were very frequently made.* The prisons also were 
too few in number, and were frequently out of repair. 
In 1684 there was no common gaol at all in Cumber- 
land. In July 1658 the county of York was presented 
at the assizes for not renovating the common prison. 
In 1677 it was almost in ruins. In a later century 
those distinguished philanthropists Howard and Neild 
give most distressing pictures of the state of the 
Northern gaols. Peter prison, in York, and the hold 
on Ouse Bridge, were a disgrace to any civilized 
country. The cells in the latter place would almost 
have rivalled the notorious Black-hole. Air, light, 
and ventilation were absent, and the waters of the 
river rushed in when they were above their usual 
level. The castle of Newcastle-upon-Tyne was a 

but to play-houses, taverns, coffee-houses, &e. not lodgeing in the jaiol 
above the number of 90 Quakers att any one time, from Mai'ch last to July 
instant, takeing severall sums of money besides bond and judgement not 
onely from men committed as misdemeanors, but fi'om all sorts of fellons 
for ease of there irons. 

Wee distressed petecioners humbly craue to take the premisses into con- 
sidei'ation, moveing the judges and justices of peace nott onely that the 
abuses may be regulated, but that a table of fees may be settled ; and wee 
shall be ever bound to pray, &c. 

* I give one instance among many : 

March 9, 1653-4. The affidavit of John Tliuckeray, Miles Fawcett, 
Wm. Hopkinson, and John Tomlinson, concerninge the escape of six pri- 
soners out of the Castle of Yorke. The said prisoners were laid in the place 
called the low gaolc, being supposed to be the safest place, and double- 
ironed according to laAv. That the goale being now knowne to be weake, 
in regard the said prisoners did worke through the stone wall in one night, 
the weakenessG whereof was presented to the grand jury the last assizes. 
That the kayes belonging to the backe gates (soe called) of the said goale 
were in the custody of the souldiory in Clifford's Tower, which obstructed 
the present pursuite of the saide prisoners, being in the night time. 


dreadful den, but it was far eclipsed by the Bishop's 
prison in the palatinate city of Durham. It seems to 
have consisted of a succession of dungeons, one below 
the other, descending far into the ground ! 

The punishments of these times were as barbarous 
as the places of confinement. The pillory was occa- 
sionally used for political offenders. Burning in the 
hand was not unfrequent. Imprisonment was the 
usual penalty that prisoners paid for their misde- 
meanors, and, remembering what the gaols were, it 
was a very severe one. They were never sentenced for 
any specific period, but the list of those who were under 
confinement seems to have been revised and lessened 
by the judges at each assize. Occasionally a batch of 
criminals seems to have been sold to the best bidder, 
if they were not given away. I believe that this 
was the custom at Hull. After the fight on Seacroft 
Moor a number of the prisoners were confined in the 
Merchants' -hall in York, and came into the possession 
of a Mr. Clay. The remnant of the Scots, who after 
the battle of Dunbar were shut up in the cathedral of 
Durham, was sold en masse to an officer who is said to 
have sent them to the Plantations. Transportation 
was occasionally awarded, and the culprits were gene- 
rally draughted into any portion of the army that was 
on foreign service. The well-known Nevinson was 
sent to Tangiers. The annual number of executions 
at York between 1650 and 1670 varied between six 
and twenty. Whenever there was a want of an exe- 
cutioner, a condemned criminal was reprieved if he 


would accept the odious office. The Border Commis- 
missioners, probably, put more to death in a jeav 
than were condemned on the whole Northern circuit. 
Theirs was, indeed, at many times, a very summary 
process. A little evidence, however incomplete, and 
after it the culprit was dangling on the limb of a 
neighbouring oak. How different was this from the 
long procession, with the cart and rope, that accom- 
panied the wretched criminal to Tyburn ! The ve- 
hicle conveyed the coffin in which his lifeless body 
was to be laid, and at the foot of the gallows, before 
his eyes, was the hole into which he was to be buried 
like a dog, if his bones were not to bleach near the 
scene of the atrocity that ruined him, or if he had no 
kinsman to procure for his remains the rites of sepul- 
ture at home. On the same unhallowed spot might 
occasionally be seen the faggots and the flames which 
consumed some miserable creature who had broken the 
most sacred tie that can be bound on earth, by mur- 
dering her husband. These are painful pictures, but 
happily they represent scenes which are no longer to 
be witnessed. 

In conclusion, the Editor, on behalf of the Society, 
has to thank Sir John Bayley, for allowing the 
records under his charge to be inspected and made 
use of, and he has also to express his sincere obliga- 
tions to Mr. Holtby, the deiuity-custodier, and his son 
for the courtesy and attention which he has uniformly 
experienced at their hands. 

J. K 

York, October 17, 1861. 



Oct. 1, 1640. Before Sir Wm. Allenson, Kt. Joliv Briggs, 
servant to Jolm Rearsbie esquire, serj cant-major, saith that upon 
Tuesdaie was sevenight the said Mr. Rearsbie went to a taverne 
att Castlegate-end,* to drinck a pint or quart of w^yne ; and that 
ther went with his said m'' to the said taverne his corronell. Sir 
Georg Wentworth, and diverse other gentlemen. And, after- 
wards, this informant, going into the roome where his said m'" was, 
found sitting with him one Captaine Womb well, who had on him 
a buffe coat and britches; Captaine Darcie Wentworth, who also 
had a bufFe coat on; also one John Brittane, ancient-bearer to 
Coronell Wentworth, having on a cloth sute mingled culler; Mr. 
Thomas Malliverer, ancient-bearer to the said Mr. Reasbie, having 
on a read coat, who dwelleth at Letwell; also one Mr. Bradley,! 

* A description of a scene which occurred at a tavern in Castlegate in York. Cli.arles I. 
was then in York, preparing for an expedition against Lesley and the Scots, and fifteen 
thousand men were quartered in and around the city. Many of the gentlemen of 
Yorkshire were in arms or in attendance upon the court, and the great council of peers 
was sitting in York. 

The gentlemen mentioned in the deposition were all of them people of distinction in 
the county. Mr. Reresby was the father of Sir John Keresby, iuinis toffaque insiffiii's, 
who was afterwards Governor of York, and a well-known author. Sir George Went- 
worth was brother to the Earl of Strafford, and Darcy Wentv.orth of Brodsworth wns 
gentleman usher of the black rod to the same nobleman when he was Viceroy of Ireland. 
The pedigree of the Mauleverers of Letwell is well known. It is not my intention to 
trouble my readers with many genealogical details in a work of this nature, save where 
they throw light upon any deposition, or its leading character. 

The inn was probably the Blue Boar. It was situated between Castlegate House 
and the parish church. It is now a private dwelling, and was the residence of the 
late Mrs Campbell. It was to this, inn that the well known Turpin resorted. In 
1640, as we see, it was fitted up with boxes of wood for carousing parties, after the 
fashion of many old taverns at the present day. 

+ In "Mr. Bradley" I recognize an old friend. He was, I believe, Thomas Bradley, 
the eccentric rector of Castleford and Ackworth, which were given to him by Charles I. 
whom he was now attending in York in the capacity of chaplain. In the Rebellion 
he lost all, and was reduced to some straits; but his sun rose again at the Restoration. 
In addition to his other preferments he then became a prebendary of York. He pub- 



a minister; and also an other minister, whose name this informant 
knowes not; also one Wheatley, Icwetennant to Corronell Went- 

lished ten or eleven sermons, seven of which I possess : I could wish that they were 
better known. Marred by few of the eccentricities of the period, they are remarkable 
for a boldness of diction and an eloquence and ease of expression which few divines of 
that period possessed. I shall give fuller specimens of his style in another place. 

In a sermon preached befoi-e the judges of assize at York, in lo63, Bradley was 
bold enough to censure some of the public and private vices of the day in terms so 
strong that he was obliged to recant them publicly in another discourse which he 
delivered at the next assize. It ends with the following words: " I will conclude with 
one word which his Majesty spake to me himselfe at the Councell-table, and it was dose 
and home, and did more to silence me then all that was spoken to me besides, and 
it was this, That his Majestie thought it was iriT/ duti/ to j^i'each conscience unto the people, 
and not to meddle with State affaires.'''' 

When Bradley was seventy-two years of age he actually preached and printed his own 
funeral sermons ! Their style is more sober than that of his earlier productions, but it is 
striking, and there are some passages which will remind the reader of the De SeneHuie. 
The writer was evidently a person who had read and thought much. 

" And although there be nothing in this world so desireable as that it should make 
a man in love with it in any state of his life and in his best years; yet much more, 
when his best dayes are gone and past, when he is entring into that state of life which 
David saith It is but labour and sorrow, and those years approach of which he shall 
say / have no 2)leasure in them, may he with good reason be content to leave the world 
and make it his request ThaA the Lord would ia/ce aicay his soule. Then for an old 
Barzillai, to refuse the pleasures of the court; or an old Simeon, to sing his Nunc dimit- 
tis; or an aged Paul, to desire to be dissolved ; or an old Elijah, to beseech the Lord 
to tahe au-ay his soule; is no wonder. And all this as old age meerly considered in 
itself, without any other grievances added to it to make it burdensome and irksome, 
it is a burden to itself. But who ever saw it come but attended with a world of in- 
firmities to make it more tedious, catarrhs, rheumes, aches, palsies, akings in the bones, 
gouts, dropsies, and, in all these, the inability to help itself. Senex bis 2iuer, it is a 
second childhood, and 'tis a question whether the second be not worse than the first. 
Upon these and some other considerations it hath often been my prayer to the Lord 
God, and it is at this instant, that he would not detain this soule of mine in this taber- 
nacle of clay, wherein it hath now lodged tliese seventy years and upward unto extremity 
of old age. But farther, if to all these there shall be added any externall grievances, 
poverty and want, discontent in the family, disobedience in prodigality of children, 
divisions among brethren, vexatious suits, or the like; these were enough, not only to 
make an old man desire dissolution, but to hasten it, and to bring his gray haires with 
sorrow to the grave. 

" But what need I preach mortality to mortalls, whose very bodies that they carry 
about them dayly preach unto them the same thing; and the spectacles of mortality, 
which we dayly see, preach it more powerfully to our eyes then funerall sermons can 
doe unto our eares? Dayly we heare the tollings of the passing bells calling us to our 
long home. Dayly we see the bones and skulls of our friends deceased rak't out of 
the grave ; dayly we see others following after them, and the mourners about the 
streets. It strikes me deeply into the meditation of mortality, when I doe but look 
over tiie register book, to see in the turning over of how few leaves I finde the same 
man baptized, marrieiJ, buried. Thus one generation passeth away, and another suc- 
ceedeth and hasteth after it, as we after thcni, till we all lye down in the dust of death, 
for we are no better thai fpur fathers." 

Bradley married a daughter of John Lord Savile. Thoreshy tells us that she was 
" very memorable for constantly wearing a veil day and night, having made a vow no 
Englishman should see her face, and which she observed till within six weeks of her 
death." Of Savile Bradley, their son, there is a curious story in the Life of Anthony 
a Wood. 


worth, -who had on him a read coat; who, having drunck ther 
wyne and paid ther shott, were coming forth. And, in passage 
to the barr, ther Avere coming in a soldier and a weoman with 
him. And some of the company, his rn^' being one, as this in- 
formant thincketh, did jeast with the weoman merrilie; where- 
upon the soldier did peremptorilie aad saiicecelie replie. Wher- 
upon his said m"" gave him a bio we on the ears with his hand, 
and threwe him downe. And, in the interim, there came into 
the howse a gentleman of the name of Orri(;k, who, npon his 
coming in, justled upon this informant's m"", and asked him why 
he did strike the boy, with other wordes of coller; but what they 
Avere he remembreth not. And, after this, the first thing that 
this informant did see was that his said m"^ and the said gentleman 
had hold one of an other's haire, and was strugling. And in ther 
strugling drewe one and other into the said box or seat, where 
some blowes past betweene them. They parted, and his said m"" 
went into an other roomo. And he further saith that, desireing 
to see the head of the said Orrick, hee wold not suffer him. And, 
presentlie after, a constable comeing in caried his said m^", and all 
the rest of the gentlemen aforenamed, before Alderman Hodgson, 
to be examined. And there, after some passages and questions, 
the Lord Wharton, being ther present, said unto Orrick these 
wordes: " Robbin, it's but a broken head, let it alone." 


Jan. 25, 1640-1. Before Edward Pay ler, Esq. George Paryev 
saith, that last Sonday being in George Dickson howse of Youl- 
thorpe, beinge an ale howse, Thomas Stafford * revilled the 
informait, and said that the souldgeares weere all roges that came 
against the Scotes, and if it had not beene for the Scotes, thirtye 
thowsand Ireish had rissen all in armes, and cutt all our throtes, 
and that the Kinge and Queene was at masse together, and that 
hee would prove it uppon recorde, and that hee is fitter to be 
hano-d then to be a Kinge, and that he hopte ere longe that 

* Youlthorpe is a little village near the Wolds, not far from Bishop-Wilton. A 
great part of it is now the property of the parish of All Saints, Pavement, in York. 
The incident shows how jealous the executive was of any seditious language. A poor 
tipsy man is the culprit, and he denies everything, having, probably, forgotten all. 
Another witness, describing the scene, says that Stafford, " beinge hie flowne in drinke, 
takinge a kopp, drunke a health to the old prest, and, God a niarcye, good Scot. And, 
withall, saeinge the Kinge and Queene was at masse together, and that such a Kinge 
was wourthye to be hanged." 

B 2 


Lashlaye * would be a Kinge, for he was a better man then any 
was in England. 


May 23, 1642. Before Sir Arthur Robinson, Kt. John Pen- 
rose, of Whehlrake, sayth, that, about 7 yeares since, he missed 
two iron c]ooks which used to be in the middle roome of the 
steeple of Wheldrake church, f in the fanones of the doore, and 
Richard Penrose confessed he puld them out. About 4 yeares 
since the sayd church was broken, and there was taken out one 
silver challice, twoo pcAvther plates, a carpett, a communion table 
cloth, a pulpitt clothe, and twoo searpleses, which did usually lye 
in the vestrie, of which Richard Penrose hadd the keeping of the 
keyes. The sayd Richard confessed before Doctor Stanhope, then 
parson of the sayd church, that he took away a piece of a pipe of 
lead which conveyed water from the sayd church, beinge about 
one ell longe. He also confessed hee tooke the serples out of 
the church, and carry ed yt home to his owne house, and cutt it 


June 9, 1642. Before Sir John Goodricke. Thomas ^Yaihe- 
feild, on the 5th instant, at the house of Marmaduke Bvdlocke, in 
Knasebrough, hard John Troi;tbeck say that the King was halfe 
French, halfe Germaine,| and that he could live as well without 

* A great compliment to Sir David Lesley, who had much to do with the civil war 
in the North of England. At Marston Moor he was so roughly handled that he fled 
from the field, thinking that all was lost. His troops followed him, — 

" Cursing the day when zeal or meed 

" First lured their Lesley o'er the Tweed." 

The supposed leaning of Charles I. towards the religion of his wife has been com- 
mented on by several writers. 

f An account of some peculations in the church of Wheldrake. The culprit was a 
tailor in the village who appears to have been parish clerk or sexton. It is amusing 
to read of the mishap of the surplice which the sinning official would cut, as David did 
the skirts of Saul, secundum arteni. The rector, Dr. George Stanhope, was the grand- 
father of the well-known Dean of Canterbury. He was Precentor of York and chaplain 
in ordinary to James I. and Cliarles I. 

X The speaker was probably alluding to the King's wife and mother, but he could 
not properly call Anne of Denmark a Cxerman. Public men and public acts were now 
being canvassed pretty freely, and punishment generally had no lame foot in pursuing 
them. Troutbeck pleaded intoxication as his excuse. 

Mr. Gifford lived at Scotton. His family, of Staffordshire extraction, had some con- 


a King as with a King. And Mr. Francis Gifford saying, " What 
did tye the King to observe and keepe the lawes ?" the said Troute- 
becke answered "By his oath." And Mr. GifFord asking further, 
" Howe, if the King did not keepe the lawes and his oath, how 
stoode the case then?" the said Troutebecke answered, " He might 
be deposed for ought he knew." 


A true bill against Roger Hollings of Methley, for saying on 
Apr. 16, 1643, to John Savile,* Esq., " Traytor," and that he 
hoped to see him hanged, and that many honester men then he 
had beene hanged. 


Sep. 28, 1646. Before Wm. West, Esq. Anne, the wife of 
Thomas Warter, of the Brashes, in the parishe of Ecclesfeld,^ yeo- 
man, saithe, that upon Saturday the 13th of June last, aboute 
eleven of the clocke in the night, there came some uiiknowne 
persons, and attempted to breake into this informer's husbande's 
house, and discharged a muskitt with two bulletts throughe the 
doore into the said house towardes the fyer, where this informer 
Richard Burrose and Elizabeth Parkin, theire servantes, were 
sittinge. One of the bullets light upon the fyer hudde. And, 
likewise, upon the night followinge, there came some unknowne 
persons and attempted to breake into the said house, and dis- 
charged a muskitt in at a parloure windowe against abedde, where 
this informer did usually lye, and broke the curtine rodde with a 
bullett, and so runne into the walle. And, upon the 20th of 
June, some unknowne persons attempted to breake into the said 
house, and discharged a muskitt with two bulletts in at another 

iiection with Darlington in the county of Durham. Mr. William Dearlove, a native of 
Knaresbro', was also present on this occasion. He came to the house, as he says him- 
self, singularly enough, " to visitte one ancient Prior." 

* The head of the great house of Savile, son of Sir John Savile, a Baron of the Ex- 
chequer, and nephew of the celebrated Provost of Eton. He took the side of the Par- 
liament, and was vigorously engaged in the siege of Pontefract Castle. This extract 
is taken from the original presentment of the grand jury. 

t A deposition which shows the lawless state of society in the wild country in 
Hallamshire. Ecclesfield is in one of the principal parishes in that district, and the 
church is called the cathedral of the moors. 


window, into another parloure, on tlie same side of the house, the 
lirst parloure window beinge walled iip that they before shotte in 
at. And, likewise, they came the 25th of June, and discharged 
a little gunne with two bulletts in at a win do we on the other side 
of the laouse into the first parloure ; which two bulletts light in 
the walle in the windowe that was walled up. And upon the 
3d, 4th, and 18th of July last came some persons in the night- 
time and attempted to breake into the saide house: and this 
informer and the said Burrose and others in the house sawe five 
men some nightes which picked theire lockes. And one night 
this informer hearde one saye, " Newton, lay thy heade to the 
windowe, but not against the windowe, for I thinke they wente to 
bedde aboute a quarter of an houre since/' And one night they 
left a lighted match in the fould; and one night they broke 
into a butterie next unto a parloure where a dore was made 
betweene the buttei'ie and the parloure, and one of the said men 
gott in his arme and shoulder in to the said dore and strucke at 
the said Burrowes, and Burrowes haveinge a sworde in his hande 
thrust at the said man in the dore stead, and pricked him in the 
thighe, as he thought; so the man felle backe, and Burrowes gott 
the doore made againe. Then this informer sawe three men in 
the butterie, whereof she knewe two of them, the one to be 
Thomas Newton and the other Lawrence Wade. 


Oct. 22, 1646. Before Thos, Jopson, Darcy Wentworth, and 
John Hewley, Esquires. James Losli of Sarnslei/, about Michael- 
mas last was a twelve month, heard Thomas Beevers of Thur- 
leston, dyer, say he wold lay this informant tenn poundes the 
Kinge's eares was stowled * of within a month, and that the Queene 
was gone over into Holland to play the whore. 


Dec. 31, 1646. Before Charles Fairfax and Thos. Thornhill, 
Esqrs. Henry Cockcrofte, of Heptenstall, clothier, saith, that, 

* Another indictment for seditious language. The charge against the Queen has 
been made by others. John Ellis of Burnsall, yeoman, was indicted at York for saying, 
on the 20th of June, 1677, " The old Queen had severall children in the absence of her 
husband : one att Pontefract, when her husband had not been with her of a twelve 
moneth. The King mynds nothing but women." 


the weckc before Micliaellmas last, Elizabeth Crosley of Hep- 
tenstali came to this informer's house, begginge an almes, shee 
beinge in an evill report for witchinge.* And (as it seemed, by 
his wive's relacon) displeased with her reward, departed thence, 
and, the next night after but one, William, a childe of this infor- 
mer's, of the age of one yeare and three quarters, being att that 
tyme in very good health, fell sicke by fitts, bendinge backward, 
changinge his coulor and scrichinge, and soe continued one night, 
and then recovered. About seaven or eight weekes after, the said 
childe, not being soe perfectly in health as formerly, but more 
dull and stupid, did fall sicke in the same manner, as aforesaid, and 
soe continued for aboute a fortnight or three weeks, and then 
grew better, till aboute the tenth day of December, who, after 
hee hadd languished nyne or tenn dayes, dyed. And this in- 
former conceiveinge that his childe was bewitched, wente unto 
Mary Midgley, who, as he suspected, was confederate with the 
said Elizabeth, and then urging that shee the said Mary was 
one that was the cause of the death of his said child, she, the said 
Mary, then confessed that shee could witch a litle, but said that 
Elizabeth Crosley, Sarah her daughter, and Mary Kitchinge were 
witches, and hadd bewitched the said childe, and the said Mary 
tould this informer that shee would bee sworne of it before any 
justice in England. 

Samuel Midgeley, of HeptenstaU, saith, that hee, together with 
Jonas Utley and Lawrence Hay, did accompany the said Henry 
Cockcrofte to the house of Mary Midgley, and the said Henry 
meetinge with the said Mary did both threaten and strike her, 
who thereupon confessed that shee herselfe was a witch, but that 
it was not shee but Mary Kitchin and Elizabeth Crosley that 
hadd bewitched the aforesaid childe. 

Daniell Briggs, of Waddsicorth, saith, that aboute Micliaell- 
mas was two yeares, one John Shackleton, an infante of aboute 
the age of two yeares and an halfe, beinge sore taken and held 
with paynes and convulcions, the head and knees beinge drawne 

* The first of the many cases of witchcraft that the present volume will contain. 
They are a painful record of the ignorance and credulity of the age. The scene, in 
the present instance, is laid in the wild parish of Halifax, the very place, of all others, 
at that time for superstition. Good Vicar Favour had done a good deal to civilize his 
flock, but his voice was now silent and there was no one to oppose popular errors. And 
if a reformer had arisen, who would have listened to him ? He would have been a 
bold man who ventured to decry the potency of ghosts and witches in the Yorkshire 

In the Journal of the Archaeological Institute I have printed a very remarkable case 
which bears witness to the superstition prevalent in the parish of Halifax shortly before 
the Reformation, No one point in the charter of credulity had been lost when these 
depositions were written down. 


neare together, and, haveinge soe remained for aboute a quarter 
of a yeare, was removed to a neighbor's house ; whereunto William 
Whaley, clarke, minister of Croston chappell, came to see the 
said childe, who tould this informer and a maide servant that 
attended upon the said infante, that if they mettany by the way as 
they were to goe homewards, they would longe or desyer to mawle 
them on the heade; and they, shortly after, settinge forwards, 
did meete Elizabeth Crossley, and the maide that carryed the 
childe, perceiveinge it to bee her, shunned the way; notwithstand- 
inge, the said Elizabeth asked how the said childe did, but this 
informer suspectinge her to bee a witch did not tell her how ill it 
was, but said it was indifferent well, att which shee seemed very 
angry. And beinge shortly after in the next house where the said 
childe was, whether the maide came and strooke her with a 
candlesticke ;* after which the said childe was reasonable well till 
about the breake of the day in the morneinge, att Avhich tyme hee 
begun with his ill fitts againe, and, after hee hadd languished 
aboute eleaven weeks, dyed. And this informer further saith 
that the morneinge it was buryed hee mett with the sayd Elizabeth 
Crosley, who said " Have you brought this witched childe to 
towne ? " To whom hee answered that hee was perswaded hee 

was not witched. Shee swore by it was witched; and, 

further, saith that Mary Briggs, this informer's mother, upon her 
death bedd, aboute seaven yeares agoe, said that shee feared shee 
hadd hurte done by Elizabeth Crosley, who hadd gone in an evill 
reporte for witchinge. 

Richard Wood, of HeptenstaU, saith, that aboute fower dayes 
before Midsomer last (as this informer's wife tould him) Mary 
Midgeley came to her and begged wooll; whereupon shee tould 
her shee hadd given her a goodalmes of wooll three weeks before, 
and would give her noe more, for they bought it, but did give 
her an almes of milke, with which shee departed very angry: and 
the day after six of this informer's milch kyne fell sicke. This 
informer's wife, feareinge shee hadd done them some hurte, tould 
her shee hadd made the faulte, and desired her to remedie it if she 
could. Longe it was before shee would take too that shee had 
done it, but at last tooke six pence of her, and wished her to goe 
home, for the kyne should mende, and desired her to take for 
every cow a handfull of salte and an old sickle, and lay under- 
neath them, and, if they amended not, then to come to her againe. 
The next day this informer comeinge home was informed by his 

■' The common belief was tliat if blood could l)c drawn from a witch the victim 
would recover. 


wife of all the passages aforesaid, and hee, shortly after, meetinge 
with the said Mary in the house of one Ingham, an alehouse 
keeper in Heptenstall, tould her there hadd beene some litle fault 
made by her since hee wente from home, but hee did not mention 
any particuler wherein. Shee thereupon gave him an apple, and 
confessed shee hadd done him hurte diverse tymes, but never 
would doe more.* 



Aug. 14, 1647. Before Luke Kobinson, Esq. Ralph Walker, 
of N^ew Malton, saith, that upon Sonday last, being the 8th 
instant, Robert Johnson of New Malton did publish two bookes 
in the church at Old Malton, the contents of which publicacions 
hee saith to bee as follows, viz. To forbid the payment of tythes ; 
and that any might refuse tythes as they would answere it after- 
wards. f Abraham Medd, of Old Malton, asked the said Johnson 
Avho should beare them harmelesse. Hee answered, " The King 
and Sir Thomas Fairfax." 


Aug. 16, 1647. Before Thomas Dickinson, Lord-mayor of 
York. John Stones, tayler, saith that on Saturday last about 
fower of the clock in the afternoone, Mr. Dunwell, the minister, 
did baptize| a childe in the parishe church of Bishophill the newer; 

* The accused persons deny the charge altogether. Mary Midgeley, however, 
says that Martha W^ood " did aske her advise touchinge one of her kyne whose mylke 
earned in the gallin, but said shee knew not which of them it was. Whereupon this 
ex' tould her that shee hadd learned of one Issabell Robinson who hadd good skill 
(if anythinge were gone) and shee wished her to take a litle salte and old yron, lay it 
under the cow, and pray to God for mend." The other two women deny all. 

t Two of the ephemeral publications of the time, written, probably, by Puritans. 
It was a bold act to announce them for sale in a church. In those days, in the North 
of England, it was customary to proclaim from the pulpit any stolen goods, and other 
matters of interest to the congregation were also announced. One rich rector in the 
county of Durham, who sat in Barnard Gilpin's chair within the present century, used 
regularly to announce from the rostrum the sale of the hay off his glebe ! 

Johnson was a clergyman and a member of the Assembly of Divines. He was a 
graduate of Cambridge, and published the following sermon : " Lux et Lex, or the 
Light and the Law of Jacob's house : held forth in a Sermon before the honourable 
house of Commons at St. Margaret's Westminster, March 31, 1647, being the day of 
publike humiliation. By Robert Johnson, Eboraicus, one of the Assembly of Divines. 
London, 1647," 4to. pp. 38. 

+ The Liturgy of the Church of England was now voted down by Act of Parliament. 


and, after lie liad prayed, he tookethe childe, and said " I baptize 
the in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy 
Ghost, and doe signe the with the signe of the crosse;" and soe 
proceeded with other words in the booke of Comon Prayer. And 
the said Mr. Dunwell, imediately before he baptized the said 
childe, said that he would baptize none but su(;h as he would 
baptize with the signe of the crosse; and that there was noe act 
against it, it was but an ordinance. 


Aug. 24, 1647. At York Castle. John Garthirat/t, clerk, 
deposeth, that one Herbert Cook,* being churchwarden of Hes- 
lington, detayneth the register book belonging to the sayd 
towne, insomuch as this ex*, the minister, cannot therein record 
tlie names of such persons as are baptized and buryed within that 
parish. And the sayd Herbert Cook sayd that he would burne 
the sayd register before he would deliver it unto him. The sayd 
Cook is an ordinary frequenter of alehouses upon the Sabaoths 
and Fasting dayes, and he hath seen him drunk severall times on 
those dayes. He is by common fame a brabler and quareller. He 
is a man of such a vexatious and contentious disposition that his 
neighbors stand in awe of him in respect of suites, and he hath 
nowe a dosen suites on foot, and he actually saw him bunching 
an old man, and he hath often seen him distempered with 
drinck. The said Cook did undertake for 20s. to keep all the 
Company of Weavers within the Citty of York seaven yeares 
in suite. 

The sign of the cross in baptism was peculiarly offensive to the Puritans. !Mr. Dunwell 
was charged with baptizing another child after the proscribed form at St. Hellen's, the 
Directory being in both instances neglected. Mr. Dunwell pleads guilty to both 

On Feb. 1, 1649-50, Robert Hendley, of Snainton, clerk, was charged with marrying 
people " without the consent of their parents, nor doth in any publique manner make 
known the intencion of theire marriadge, according to the lawes of the land, but in 
private places, and at unlawfull houres doeth make itt his practise to joyne any men 
and women together in wedlocke, not of his parrish." 

On Jan. 31, 1666-7, before Sir Joseph Cradock and James Darcy, Esq., Anne, wife 
of Henry Kilburne, late of Thorpe and now of Reeth, says that she and Henry Kilburne 
" were married together by one Mr. Jolm Ladler, parson of Gateside, without license 
or banes askeing, in Mr. Ladler's parler, after 8 of the clock at night." 

* A refractory churchwarden with whom, no doubt, Master Gartluvaite was sorely 
troubled. I have not ventured to print all the misdemeanours of this dangerous 



Marcli 10, 1647-8. Before Sir Robert Barwicke, Kt., at York. 
Joseph Bannister, of Hallifax, locksmith, saith that liee, being a 
souldier under command of the right honorable the Lord Fairelax, 
was, at the late battle upon Seacroft more,* taken prisoner with 
many others and brought into the Cittie of Yorke, and imprisoned 
in the IMarchants' hall there; where he and the other prisoners 
had not continued many days before the said George Clayf (then 
one who bore armes with the enimie against the Parliament, but 
whether listed as a souldier or no he knoweth not), did come, and 
tooke a list of the names of all the said prisoners, beinge 700 in 
number. And, within few dayes after, came againe, and tould 
this informer and the rest of the prisoners that they were all his 
prisoners, and at his disposinge, by grant from the Lord Go wring, 
a comander in the then Earle of Newcastle's armie, and demanded 
of every prisoner severall somes of money, which sommes if they 
would not pay, they should rott in prison, as he then said. 

The said Mr. Clay forced one Jonathan Tattersall, a prisoner, 
to pay him 60/. for his release, which he did pay, as many others 
did; and, likewise, he demanded of this deponent 10/. for his 
release, which he not beinge able to pay, the said Clay did deteine 
this deponent in prison nineteene weeks and 3 days, duringe 
which time (through his cruell usage) hee was almost famished 
for want of food ; and many died by reason of his crueltie and 
hard usage in prison. Hee further saith that hee, havinge a 

* The fight on Seacroft Moor, near Bramham, took place in April, 1643. It was 
between Lord Goring, with a portion of the Earl of Newcastle's army, and Sir Thomas 
Fairfax. Sir Thomas's troops were caught at a disadvantage and were terribly handled 
by Goring's cavalry. Fairfax says of this combat, in his Memorials, '' This was one of 
the greatest losses we ever received." 

A vast number of prisoners, principally countrymen, were taken by the Royalists. 
Many of them, as it will be seen, were shut up in the Merchants' Hall at York, where 
some died from confinement and neglect. Prisoners in those days were treated like 
slaves, and were bought and sold. The Scottish prisoners who were captured at 
Dunbar were brought to Durham and shut up in the cathedral. There is an account 
of their sufferings in a letter from Sir Arthur Haslerigg, which is printed in the first 
edition of the Memoirs of Sir Henry Slingsby. Mickleton, the Durham antiquary, in 
his MS. diary, tells us that 4,500 were imprisoned in that sacred building. In eight 
months all had died except 500, who were taken away by Captain Rokeby, having 
been probably bought by him. What a frightful desecration ! 

f I have reason to believe that this gentleman was a kinsman, if not a son, of Robert 
Clay, vicar of Halifax, who was a singular character. The vicar ends his will in the follow- 
ing manner : " As a father I leave this last chardge to my sonnes; to avoide drunkene.«, 
tobaccho, and swearing, and profaneing of the Saboth." There is much about Dr. Clay 
in Watson's History of Halifax. 


warrant from Col. Generall Lambert, dated 3rd of March instant, 
to apprehend the said Clay to answere his misdemeanor, the said 
Clay beinge apprehended accordingly, and brought to Leedes, did 
in the house of widow Droninge there, vipon the 8th day of March 
instant, indeavour to poyson this deponent, and to that end did 
secretly put into a cupp of ale quicksilver, and came to him and 
offered him the said cupp to drinke, telling him he should drinke 
it, for it was the Queen's health ; which this deponent after much 
and importunate intreatie did drinke, thinkinge noe harme, till he 
found some of the quicksilver in his mouth at th'end of his drinke, 
some of which he hath yet to shew. Whereupon he sent for an 
apothecarie and did drinke a cup of sacke, whereupon he did 
purge. And he deposeth that the said Mr. Clay, upon his appre- 
hension, did promis to give presently to this deponent 20s. if he 
would lett him escape; and he would also give bond to answere 
Col. Lambert: which this dep)onent refused to doe, and brought 
him to Yorke, where he now is comitted by Col. Lambert* to 
the provost-marshall his custodie. 


Oct. 20, 1648. At Doncaster, before Wm. Armitage and 
Darcy Weutworth, Esqrs. Mark Vcmvaidconhurg]ie,'\ of Midlins^ 
Esqr., saith, that upon Wednesday the 11th, about nyne of the 
clock in the morning, Robert Kay, together with 16 or 18 men, 
unknowne to this informant, came to this informant's father house 
at Midlins in a warlike manner, with musketts and swords drawne, 
and broke open the outgate and fower other doores within the 

* The tables were now turned, and the prisoner was able to pay off an old score. 
Lambert, who was now almost paramount in the North, would give Clay no quarter. 

-{■ The Van Valkenburghs were a Dutch family of distinction, some membera of which 
came over with Sir Cornelius Vermuyden to assist him in the draining of Hatfield Chase. 
The difficulties they experienced in this task would have driven any English settlers 
insane, but the Dutch were more cold-blooded and went through them all. By the 
inhabitants of the district they were regarded as intruders, their system of drainage 
interfered with old rights, and they were being continually robbed and maltreated. 
These depositions disclose an appalling adventure. 

Midlins, or Middle Ing, on the Don, was a large hall erected by Sir Matthew Von 
Valkenburgh, which continued after his decease in the possession of his family. In 
later times it was the abode of what Mr. Hunter calls a striking spirit, which drove 
every one in terror from the house, and it was on that account for a long period without 
a tenant. 

The Valkenburghs were the owners, at one time, of above 3,000 acres of Hatfield 
Chase. They were a family of wealth and consequence. 

Robert Kay, the person alluded to in the deposition, was a Doncaster "gentleman.'" 
That town was deei)ly interested in the drainage of the levels. 


said house, and did beat, cutt, and wound three servants within 
the said howse; and afterwards tooke divers parcells of goods out 
of the same howse. And he did heare the said Kay say to the 
rest with him, " Goe on, for I will beare you out in it whatsoever 
you doe." 

Elizaheth Hargrave, of Midlins, spinster, heard the said Kay 
say that hee would fyre the howse if Mr. Vanvaidconburgh came 
not out presently to him, for hee would have him quicke or dead. 
And Kay and the men turned her master's servaunts out of the 
said howse, and threatncd to pistoll her with a brace of bulletts. 

John Warunn saith, that Robert Kay, together with 16 or 18 
men, came in a vyolent and outragious manner to his master's 
howse at Midlins, with their musketts cockt, light matches, and 
swords drawne; and did breake open the outgates of the said 
howse, and the kitchin doore, and other chamber doores wheere 
his said master was. And one of them with his muskett knockt 
his master downe, and forced him out of the house, and afterwards 
this examinate. And the said Kay stroke this informant with his 
tuck. And, about a quarter of an hower after, there came two 
captaines thither, and was very angry with the soldiers that came 
alonge with Kay, and clensed the howse of Kay and the rest with 
him, and put his said master into possession againe. But, within 
a quarter of an hower after the captaines weere gone, the said 
Kay, together with six men more, came againe to the howse and 
broke open the out doores againe, and a chamber doore in which 
there was a cupboard that had wrytings. And took his master 
by force away with them againe, a quarter of a myle from his 
howse ; who was againe sett at libertye by the soldiers and putt 
into possession of the said howse. 



July 30, 1649. Before Edward Feild, Mayor of Pontefract, 
and John Scurr, Mathew Franck, and John Cowper, Aldermen 
and Justices of the Peace. William Foster, of Pontefract, saith , 
that he knoweth John Morrice;* and that the said Morrice, iivi- 

* An important addition to Nathan Drake's account of the siege of Pontefract 
Castle that has been recently published by this Society. I now give the depositions 
against Colonel Morris for his successful surprisal of the castle in June 1648, one of 
the most daring exploits of that eventful period. 

John Morris was a Yorkshire gentleman, of some little consequence and estate, who 
had followed the profession of arms. His first patron was the great Earl of Strafford, 


mediately after surprizall of the castle, tooke upon him to be 
governor and commander in cheife of the said castle; and that, 

to whom he was deeply attached. He served under him among the King's troops in 
Ireland, and saw some fighting in that country and in England. After a while he 
entered into the employment of the Parliament; but, taking oft'ence at some slight which 
had been shewn him, he threw up his connection with that party and retired to his 
own estate at Elmsall in Yorkshire. 

In 1G48 he shewed his discontent at the new regime by entering into the plans of 
Sir Marmaduke Langdale, who was fomenting a rising in the North. The sur- 
prisal of the key of the North, Pontefract Castle, was then mooted, and Morris, who 
liad been thinking of such a scheme for some time, threw himself at once into that 
difficult and perilous enterprise. Great caution as well as daring were requisite for the 
attempt, and in both Morris shewed himself an adept. He nursed a close intimacy 
with the governor and his soldiers, who never thought of suspecting him of treachery. 
He gathered together many associates. In May 1648, he made an unsuccessful at- 
tempt to scale the walls of the castle in the night time. The failure, and the increased 
precautions adopted by Major Cotterill, the governor, precipitated a second adventure, 
which was more fortunate than its predecessor. Morris with eight or nine associates 
entered the castle in disguise on the 3rd of June as the purveyors of some beds which 
were being brought in from the country. They were dressed like ordinary villagers, 
but each one was secretly armed with a pistol and a dagger. When they were within 
the gates, the drawbridge was thrown up, the astonished guards were hastily tumbled 
into the dungeon, the governor was surprised in his bed, and the castle was won. The 
Royalists flocked into the fortress and placed themselves under the command of 
Morris, who acted with wise forethought in victualling the castle and preparing it for 
a siege. 

Morris was the master of the stronghold till the end of March 1649, when after 
a vehement resistance it was surrendered to Cromwell himself. Six persons were 
specially excepted in the conditions. They were Morris, the governor, Lieutenant 
Austwick, and Cornet Blackburn, who were suspected of being concerned in the death 
of Colonel Rainsbrough at Doncaster^ Major Ashby, Ensign Smyth, and Serjeant 
Floyd, who were charged with a treasonable correspondence with the surprisers of 
the castle, having been a portion of the garrison. The gallant defenders of the fortress 
refused to surrender it if they were required to give up their friends. The reply was 
that they might escape if they could. With the daring of despair the six rode right 
at the guard; one, Smyth, was killed upon the spot, Morris and Blackburn cut their 
way through ; the other three were obliged to retire within the castle. But even then 
they did not fall into the hands of the enemy. The surrendering garrison walled them 
up within the castle, giving them provisions for a month, and these three gallant 
soldiers actually made their escape. 

Mori'is and Blackburn went into Lancashire, and were arrested ten days after they 
had broken away from Pontefract. Lambert had promised them their lives if they 
could escape, but Cromwell ordered them to York, where they were tried in August 
1649. Thorpe and Puleston were the judges ; George Eure, Esq., was foreman of 
the grand jury, and Sir William St. Quintin, sheriff. 

The following gentlemen acted on the jury: Richard Brooke, of Birstall, gen., 
Thomas Reynolds, of Thorpe, gen., Thomas Thomlynson, gen., Sampson Darnebrough, 
gen., John Yonge, of Roclift'e, gen., William Robinson, gen., Henry Peele, gen., 
John Rookesby, gen., John Clerke, gen., William Johnson, gen., William Oldridge, 
gen., John Hewan, gen. 

Morris challenged Brooke, as his enemy, but his objection was overruled. His de- 
fence and the account of the proceedings may be seen in the State Trials. The ob- 
ject of the prosecution was to shew that Morris had acted as governor ; this he did not 
deny, but produced liis commission for that post signed by Prince Charles, as Captain- 
general under his father. This was not allowed, and irons were actually put upon the 
prisoner before the verdict was found. He and his companion were convicted and 
died upon the scaffold on the 22nd. 


within one weeke after the castle was taken, the said Morrice 
sent muskettiers to take this informant, and carried him downe 
and imprisoned him in the dungeon six weeks. In which time 
the said Morrice, in this informant's presence and heareing, said 
that if he had 1,000Z. in gold he could not tell itt, he was soe 
overjoyed, for he had now brought the worke to passe that he had 
beene about two yeares, meaneing takeing of the castle. He 
further sayth that diverse of the lord generall's forces and souldiers 
being taken att Ollerton, and brought prisoners into the castle, 
and one of them being stripped and to be putt into the dungeon, 
the said souldier being unwilling to goe into the dungeon, the 
said Morrice did sticke the said souldier in the backe, and said 
that he must goe in, and if the Parliament were there themselves 
they should have no better place nor usage. The said Morrice 
did make out commissions and appointed officers and souldiers 
under him ; and he saw a draught of a commission wherein one 
Ashby was made a captaine under Morrice, and it did raencion 
that the said Morrice derived his power from the Prince. He 
hath heard him say to the men that assisted him, and were att 
takeing and surprizeing of the said castle, that every one of them 
should have and weare a gold chaine that they might be knowne 
from others, for that their noble and gallant act of takeing the 

The night before they died the two prisoners very nearly made their escape. Morris 
let himself down from the wall, but his companion, in descending, fell and broke his 
leg. Morris, like a gallant gentleman, would not desert his friend, and the two were 
easily re-captured. 

On the morrow they were executed, and Morris's last words were a prayer for his 
King and a grateful expression of thanks to his late master, the Earl of Strafford. His 
body was afterwards laid by his side in the little chapel at Wentworth. 

At Sledmere there are several relics connected with the siege of Pontefract. Among 
them there is a large bundle of papers once belonging to the family of Drake, includ- 
ing a curious list of the watches in the castle. Colonel Rainsbrough's sword is also 
preserved there. But the most interesting memorial is a half-length portrait of Colonel 
Morris. It shews a dark-complexioned young man in armour, with a rich lace collar, 
and long hair hanging over it. I am indebted for this information to my friend Mr. 
C. Sykes. 

Castilian Morris, the Colonel's son, was town clerk of Leeds, and drew up for the 
press an account of Pontefract Castle, in which his father's exploits were duly 
chronicled. What became of it, I do not know. Castilian Morris, who was born in 
Pontefract Castle when his father was there, had a son John, who was famous not for 
military skill or legal and historical research, but, as Thoresby tells us, " not only as 
an eminent dancer, but peculiarly noted for his admirable dexterity, whereby he can 
put his body into so various shapes as is very surprising ; he has also so much of the 
art of insinuation from his grandfather. Colonel John Morris, who surprised Pontefract 
Castle for King Charles I., that he thereby discovered the cheat of Walter Freazer, 
who, pretending his tongue was cut out by the Turks, had imposed upon a great part of 
the nation, by a trick he learned in Holland of drawing so much of his tongue into 
the throat, that there seemed to be only the root remaining." 


Richard Lile of Pontefract, grocer, salth, tliat he lieard Morrlcc 
sale that, the Wednesdaie before the castle was surprized, being 
the fast daie, the said Morrlce was in a chamber in the house of Mr. 
John Tatham in Pontefract, and intended to have surprized the 
castle that night, but that a regiment of the lord generall's foot 
being to quarter in the towne that night caused him to deferre it. 

Richard Tailor saith, that Major Morrice before the surprizeing 
of the castle was an officer in service for the Parliament against 
the King's partie, and did duty as other officers did. He 
saith also that Major Morrice ledd forth the forces that went 
against Ferrybridge against the Parliament's forces soe farre as 
the Newhall, and then gave order and command to Major Bon- 
nyvant, an officer under him, to march and lead on the said forces 
to Ferribriggs. He saith that Major Morrice did direct and issue 
forth warrants for listing of men , levying of monies and provicion . 
for the said castle, and likewise sent out warrants to fetch in seve- 
rall persons as prisoners, and there detained them untill they lent 
moneys; and commaunded the gunners and other officers and 
souldiers under him to dischardge their gunnes and muskitts 
against the Parliament's forces then before the castle. 

Thomas Acaster, of Pontefract, being with others upon the 
guard, Morrice came to them, and did incourage them, and said, 
" Stand to it, ladds, against our enimies (the Parliament's sol- 
diers then approaching neare the castle), for if wee be taken, I 
myselfe shal bee pulled in peeces before any of yow." 

Richard Clement, of Pontefract, saith that Major Morrice did 
cause him to be taken prisoner into the castle, and forced him to 
pay 5/. for his libertie; and he did see the said Morrice lead upp 
a partie of horse with his pistoll in his hand against Leiftenant 
Generall Cromwell's forces being to enter the towne of Ponte- 

Mary Metcalfe, of Pontefract, saith that Michaell Blackburne 
was a souldier in the castle, and coronett to Captaine William 
Paulden.* She knew that the said Blackburne was one of that 
party at Doncaster when Coll. Rainsbrough t was slainc, and she 

* Captain William Paulden died in the castle a month before its surrender. His 
brother, Captain Timothy Paulden, was killed at Wigan Lane. Thomas Paulden, 
another brother, suffered in the same cause, hut he saved his life, and overlived the 
century. He was the author of a small historical tract which illustrates these deposi- 
tions. It is " An Account of the taking and surrendering of Pontefract Castle, and 
of the surprisal of General Rainsborough in his quarters at Doncaster, Anno 1648. 
In a letter to a friend by Capt. Tho. Paulden. Oxford, 1747. 8vo." There was an 
earlier edition in 4to printed at London in 1719. 

t Paulden gives an interesting account of the death of Rainsbrough. The daring 
assailants wished to carry him otl' as a prisoner that they might exchange him for Sir 


heard tliat Lftcnt. Autwicke * and Marmaduke Grcenfcild was 
there also. 

John Bennhujtov , gent., saith, that Major Marrice did give 
order to Captaine Alexander Ashbie,t a captaine then under him, 
to seize and fetch this informant goods from his chamber in Pon- 
tefract into the castle, and that he did see the said Ashbie kill a 
soldior for the Parliament in the street in Pontefract the same 
dale the castle was surprized. He saith further that one Mr. 
William Ramsden of Langley tould him that Michaell Black- 
borne, his late servant, tould him that he was one of those that 
runne throughe with his sword and murdered Colonell Rains- 
broughe at Doncaster. 

Leiftenant Thomas Farray, of Pontefract, sayth that Major 
Morrice issued forth warrants in his owne name as governor of 
Pontefract Castle for raiseing of horses, levying of money and 
provicions for the said castle, and for seizeing of the goods of 
anie townesman that was gone away with the Parliament's partie; 
and he heard the said Morrice say that he drew forth the forces 
that went against Ferrybrigges as farre as Newhall orchard 
himselfe, and that the said forces went against Ferribriggs by his 
owne appointement. He saith that the said Morrice sent for him 
and kept him prisoner about a fortnight, and told him that he 
should pay to the said Morrice 70/., otherwise he would plunder 
all his goods and burne his howse. He saith, further, that the 
said Morrice did coramitt one John Garforth prisoner into the 
dungeon, and, by a councell of warre, condemned him to be 
hanged, for giveing intelligence to the Parliament's forces; and, 

Marmaduke Langdale who was then in durance. He offered resistance and was killed 
in the affray. The Parliamentarians considered that he had been murdered. 

Mr. Jackson of Doncaster is the owner of a very rare tract, the sermon that was 
preached at Rainsbrough's funeral. Through his kindness I am able to give a copy 
of the title: " The glorious day of the Saints' appearance ; calling for a glorious con- 
versation from all beleevers. Delivered in a sermon by Thomas Brooks, preacher of 
the gospel at Thomas Apostle's, at the interment of the corps of that renowned com- 
mander, Colonell Thomas Rainsborough, who was treacherously murdered on the 
Lord's Day in the morning at Doncaster, October 29, 1648, and honourably interred 
the 14th of November following in the chappell at Wapping, neare London. 4to. 
London. Printed Ijy M. S. for Rapha Harford and Matthew Simmons, and are to be 
sold at the Bible in Queen's-head Alley in Pater- noster-row, and in Aldersgaie 
streete, 1648." (Dedicated) " To the right honourable Thomas Lord Fairfax, Lord 
Crenerall of all the Parliament's Forces in England, such honour and happinesse as is 
promised to all that love and honour the Lord Jesus." 

* Austwick, was, I believe, the person who killed Colonel Rainsbrough. He was 
one of the six persons excepted from the benefits of the surrender of the Castle, but 
he made his escape, and died in 1655. 

f Ashbie was also excepted from the terms. He had carried on a treasonable 
correspondence with Morris before the castle was taken. He got away. 



in pursuance thereof, tlie said Garforth was carryed to the gybbett, 
went upp the ladder, the rope putt about his necke by the exe- 
cucioner, and there soe stood a certaine time, being mooved to 
make his confession, but afterwards was suffered to goe backe. 
He saith that when Lieftennant Generall Cromwell was to enter 
the towne of Pontefract, this informant did see the said !Morrice 
draw upp his force, both horse and foot, against the said Parlia- 
ment's forces, endeavoreing to resist their entry. 

Marie, unfe of John Tatham, of Pontefract, gentleman, saith, 
that in May was a twelvemoneth John Morrice did sett upp his 
horse at this inf*^* husband's house in Pontefract: that there did 
sometimes some souldiers come from the castle to the said Morrice 
and keepe him company, he then being in armes for the Parlia- 
ment against the King, and was a leiutenant-collonell to CoUonell 
Forbes,* and received pay from the Parliament accordingly, and 
did duty as other officers did in the leaguer before Pontefract, 
when the castle was held against the Parliament by Collonell 

John Lowther,t governor. And, att other times, one Ashbie, 

Flood, and John Smyth, J souldiers under Major Cotterall, 

who was then governor for the Parliament. And one John 
Battley kept him company, then an inhabitant in Pontefract, and 
imployed afterwards by the said Morrice after the surprizall of 
the castle, as an advocate for him. She further saith, that the 
castle was attempted to be taken by ladders about 16 dayes before 
that itt was taken, but by what persons she knoweth not; onely 
she saith that Mr. Charles Davison was att this informant's hus- 
band's house, the day before the castle was attempted soe to be 
taken by ladders, and that she hath heard that he was one of 
them that did attempt the same. She, further, sayth as she hath 
heard the said Major ]\Iorrice confesse, that he with Peter, his 
servant, an Irishman, did first enter into the castle, when itt was 
surprized the last summer, and that the said Peter did then shoot 
and wound Major Cotterall, the then governor, after that the 
castle was surprized. She, further, saith that the said Morrice, 
accompanied with Sir Hugh Cartwright, Gervas Nevill, Sir 
Richard Baron, and others, mett att this informant's husband's 
howse, and sent out Avarrants into the country for levying of 
monies, raiscing of men and arms and provisions of corn and 
victuall for the said castle. The said ]\Iorrice did scverall times 

* Colonel Forbes took part in the first siege of Pontefract Castle. He had one of 
his eyes put out by the " waff " of a cannon-ball. 

+ This gentleman's name was Richard and not John. 

X These are the three who were specially excepted in the terms of the surrender, on 
account of their communications with the cncniv. 


in her presence declare that he did enter the said castle for the vise 
of the King and the enemies against the Parliament, and that 
for them he did hold the same, and would doe to the uttmost of 
his power. 

John Garforth, of Pontefract, saith, that Major Morrice did 
send one Richard Tailor, a soldier under him, to fetch the in- 
formant prisoner to the castle; and, when he came there, Morrice 
chardgcd him with several] false accusations, and caused him to 
be tried by a councell of warre, where the said Morrice, as presi- 
dent, gave sentence against him, and adjudged him to be hanged. 
And, in pursuance thereof, caused this informant to be guarded 
with horse and 100 rauskettiers, with matches lighted, to the 
gallowes on Bagghill, and caused him to climbe the ladder, and 
putt a rope about his necke : whereupon this informant desireing 
the spectators to sing a psalme with him, in the time the psalme 
was singing, one Captaine Browne brought a reprive for eight 
dayes, and soe from thence they kept him in prison 7 weekes 
longer, and then whipped this inform* out of towne, and charged 
him not to come to the towne againe upon paine of death. 

Gervase Cooper, of Pontefract, draper, saith, he havinge two 
cowes taken from him and carryed into the castle by the sayd 
Marris' souldyers, and that when the Parliaraentt's forces entred 
the towne he obtayned favour of Coll. Farefax to goe with a 
drumme unto the castle to procure his cowes againe. And the 
officers of the castle then told him thatt none but Marris could lett 
him have them againe ; butt he, the said Marrice, toold this in- 
formantt, thatt he should not have his cowes againe if Kinge 
Charles should write his letter to him to deliver them : and sayd 
further thatt he would not leave a house standinge in Pontefract : 
and thereupon commanded to give fire to a morter peece, and 
shott a granado into the towne, and soe did twice after, whilst 
this informantt was in the castle: and sayd thatt he woidd not 
deliver the castle, altliough the King's partye in England were 
destroyed, he would hoold and keepe itt untill he had releefe 
from the Prince, for he had beene a yeare plottinge to take itt, 
and he was able to keepe itt three yeares. 

Mary, loife of John Snvjth, sayth that Morrice caused her 
husband, being master of the magazine under Major Cotterall, to 
be called forth of his bedd, and be putt a prisoner into the dungeon, 
where they kept him eleaven weekes. And she heard the said 
Morrice then say that he had beene about that plott 2 yeares; and 
that he hoped within a moneth to have ten castles more, and that 
Yorke was theire owne already. And she heard him say that 

c 2 


there was two and twenty men* there that surprized and tooke 
the said castle, that should, every man, have a gold chaine with 
a peece of gold hung in the same, that they might be knowne 
from all other people in England for their service in takeing the 
said castle. 

Alexander Stileman, gentleman, of Pontefracf, saith, that after 
the attempt of takeing the castle by the ladder, he tooke one 
Mathew Adams prisoner, and brought him to Pontefract castle, 
who told him that Morrice was cheife in the plott for the attempt 
by the ladders. And he heard the said Morrice say that he had 
3 times attempted the takeing of the said castle, and, if he had 
failed, he would have attempted itt six times more but he would 
have had itt. Hee saith, also, that the said Morrice did, imme- 
diately after the surprizall of the castle, comraaund Gilbert Hough, 
Henry Sprowston, and other cannoners, to be brought into the 
castle, and to traverse the great gunns, and to give fire upon 
Captaine Browne's horse, a captaine for the Parliament, that 
appeared in Pontefract feild before the castle. And he heard the 
said Morrice say that that very day Yorke, and all, or the most, of 
the holds in England would be surprized. Hee saith, further, 
that the said Morrice gave order for the parties that went to 
Ollerton against Ferrybriggs, and takeing of Captaine Todd and 
his company att Turnebrigg, and shewed letters that Tinmouth 
castle t was betrayed, and other places, and caused bonefires to be 
made, and great gunns to be shott of for joy upon the report of 
takeing Newcastle, Boston, and Lincolne. 

William Tatham, of Pontefracf , jun., saith that, in IMay was a 
twelvemoneths. Major Morice did frequent the house of John 
Tatham, his father. He knoweth not by what authoritie Sir 
Phillip Mountaine, Kt4 and the rest of the officers or souldiors 
went from the castle to Willoughbie fight. 

* The ordinary accounts say eight or nine. It is observable that twenty-two men 
went out of Pontefract to carry off Rainsbrougli. 

■f- In 1648, Colonel Lilburn, the deputy-governor of Tynemouth Castle, declared for 
the King. On the 11th of August Sir Arthur Haslerigg took the place by storm, and 
put all the garrison to the sword. 

X The fight on Willoughby Field took place in July 1648, and was most disastrous 
to the Royalists. Sir Philip Monckton and some 500 others were taken prisoners. Sir 
Philip was a most dashing Cavalier, and went through all the dangeis of the Civil War. 
At Marston Moor, according to the tradition in the family, he was so badly wounded 
that he was obliged to ride with his bridle in his teeth. He has left some remarkable 
memoirs of his own experiences, whicli have been partly printed by Mr. Hunter, in his 
History of South Yorkshire. It appears from them that lie was mainly instrumental in 
admitting General Monk into York. There is a fine portrait of Sir Philip in the pos- 
session of his lineal descendant, Lord Galway. 


Aug. 2, 1649. Before Sir Robert Barwicke, Kt. Major John 
CotterUl* saith, that at and before the 3rd day of June, 1648, this 
ex' was governor of Pontefract Castle, and garrison souldiers then 
belonging to the same, beinge deputed thereunto by authoritie 
from Major-Generall Lambert. And, by authoritie in that be- 
halfe derived from the State, he had the charge of the said castle 
and garrison for the service of the Parliament and Common- 
wealth of England. And he saith that upon the said 3rd of 
June, betwixe six and seaven of the clocke in the morning, this 
ex* haveing beene upon duty the night before, and haveing then 
newly repaired to his lodging chamber, presently there came in 
two men with swords and pistolls in theire hands, whome he then 
knew not (but afterwards heard theire names to be Paulden and 
Peters) who being asked by this ex*, " Who comes there ?" they 
answered that the castle was surprised for the King, and that this 
informer was in the hands of gentlemen: he might have quarter, 
if he pleased. But refusinge, with his weapon drawne, they fell 
upon him and vrounded him both with sword and pistoll, and 
after a quarter of an houre's dispute or there abouts, growinge faint 
with much bleeding, was disabled to make farther opposicion ; 
whereupon the said two men seised upon this informer, and led 
liim into the castle yard, where he mett John Harris, comonly 
called Major Marris, who had formerly beene active in the Parlia- 
ment service, and had assisted in the reduceing of that place to 
the obeidiance of the Parliament of England, when it was holden 
by one Lowther, formerly governor for the King. And, upon 
that meeting, the sayd Major Marris sayd " I am now governor of 
this place for the King," or words to the like effect. And the 
informant askinge him if he would put him into the dungion, 
Marris answered, with oathes and great execracions, that if both 
speakers of Parliament were there they should in. To which 
place he thereupon commanded this informant to be comitted, 
where this informant found then newly comitted to the same 
dungion about the number of thirty officers and souldiers, till that 
time under this deponents command. And, after he had continued 
in misery in the sayd place about three days and three nights, he 
was by order from the said Marris removed to another prison in 
the said castle. And the sayd Marris, after that, had the title and 
name of governor, and commanded the souldiers and guards in 
the sayd castle. And this deponent was inforced in the behalfe 
of the prisoners formerly under his command, as well for theire 

* Major Cotterill's account of this scene differs slightly from that which is given by 
Captain Thomas Paulden. His resistance could not have lasted a quarter of an hour. 
Cotterill gives us some interesting information about Morris. 



subsistance, as for tlaeire exchange, to make liis addresse to tlic 
sayd Marris, as governor; in whose power and sole command tliat 
garrison then was, from and after the time of his sayd surprisalL 
And the sayd Morris did constitute and appoint officers under his 
command for the raisinge and disciplyninge of men for defence of 
that castle and garrison against the authoritye of the Parliament j 
of England. And he heard the sayd Marris say that he had fl 
beene about the surprysall of that castle any time for 2 yeares 
then past. And he further said, that himselfe with Col. Furbus 
and Col. Thomas Fairefax (who lately revolted from the Parlia- 
ment and was in Scarbrough Castle) did lodge together at Knot- 
tingley in one bedd, about that time the late King came to Don- 
caster in a hostile manner ; and that they there continued expect- 
ing command from the said King to surprise the said castle from 
the hands of Col. Robert Overton, then governor for the Parlia- 
ment. And this informant also knoweth that there was formerly 
attempts made to take the castle in the night time by rearinge of 
ladders, which was duringe this deponent's said governement dis- 
covered and prevented. And this informer heard the sayd 
Marris after the surprisall aforesaid say that he was there in person 
when the sayd ladders were reared, and intended himselfe to be 
the first man that should enter, and that he then had the chiefe 
command of that party. And he saith, that duringe the time of 
his diirance as prisoner in the said castle (beinge about thirteene 
weeks) he well knoweth that the said Marris commanded in cheife 
in the said castle, as governor; and did walke the rounds and 
commanded severall locks and barrs to be layd upon the dores 
where this informer was in durance. He knoweth not Black- 
burne by that name, but may perhaps remember both his persons 
and some of his actions when he seeth him. 

Aug. 2, 1649. Before Sir Robert Barwicke, Kt. John Grant, 
gunner, late under the command of Major Cotterill, late governor 
of Pontefract Castle, saith, that he beinge the gunner of the said 
castle, as it was a garrison held for the Parliament, under the 
command of the said Major Cotterill, governor of the same. And 
whilst the same garrison was soc under that command, it fell out 
unhappily upon the third of June, 1648, that it was taken by 
surprisall, by Major John Marris, and others under his command, 
and of conspiracy with him. And, immediately upon theire 
entry, this deponent, and about thirtie more of the officers and 
souldiers of the sayd castle who continued faithfull to the Parlia- 
ment, were by command of the said Marris comitted to the 
dungion in the said castle, beinge a darke place about forty-two 
steps within the earth. And, imediatly after theire comeing in, 


Major Cotterlll was also brouglit thither sore woimded in severall 
places of his body. And this deponent saith that the said Major 
John Marris Avas commander-in-cheife of those sovildiers who were 
actors in the said surprisall ; and that he did from thence forwards 
continue governor and commander-in-cheife of the said castle and 
garrison for the King, and held the same against the Parliament 
of England, until it was by force regained after a long siege. 
And this deponent, further, saith that he well knoweth him 
commonly called Major Blackburne, who was likewise an actor in 
the said conspiracy, and ayded to surprise the said castle, and 
continued there in the same under command of the said Marris ; 
and uttered in this ex*^ hearing many railing words against the 
Parliament, and affirmed that he had gon forth upon parties and 
killed severall men. 

Aug. 8, 1649. At York Castle: before Sir Robert Bar- 
wicke, Kt. and Tho. Dickinson, Esq. Michael Blackburne, late 
of Coldhil in the parish of Almondbury, sayth, that he was ser- 
vante to Sir John Ramsden,* and waited on his chamber till 
the tyme of his death, and that he was not present at the 
surprising of the castle and garrison of Pontefract, in June was 
a twelmonth, by Major Marris, nor did then know him; 
but he came into the castle in the same month of June, and 
received within few days after his coming into the said garrison 
a commission from Sir Marmaduke Langdale as cornet of Capt. 
Palden's troop ;f and, at that tyme when Col. Rainsbrugh was 
slaine at Doncaster, he went forth with the same party, but came 
not to Doncaster by reason that his horse tired; and he sayth 
that he was one amongst the rest that continued tlie holding of 
the said castle and garrison under the command of Mr. Jo. Marris ; 
and, being questioned touching his leaving of the said castle and 
garrison, he sayth that he, with Col. Marris and his man, did 
about March last ride through the forces which had then long 
besieged them in the said castle, and came into Lancashire where 
they were apprehended. 

John Marris, now prisoner in York Castle for high treason, 
being examined touching the surprisall of the castle and garrison 
of Pontefract in June last was a yeare, and whether he comanded 
the party who surprised and toke the said castle, he answereth 
that he did not surprise the said castle and garrison, for it was 
delivered to him, the gates being opened to him, and he 

* Sir John Ramsden was in Pontefi-act Castle when it was besieged for the first 

t The original commission to Captain AVilliam Paulden, signed by Sir Marmaduke 
Langdale, is now at Sledmere. 


^•oing into the same without resistance ; and he was from thence- 
forth governor of the same, as his commission from the Prince of 
Wales, which he hath to shew, will expresse at large, and he did 
there comand in cheife the soldiers of the said garrison according 
to this said comission, for all the tyme he held the said castle 
against the forces of the Parlament. 


Sep. 18, 1649. Before Richard Etherington, Esq. Mathew 
Morley, a trouper belonging to Collonell Robert Lilburn's regi- 
ment, saith that hee did see a booke intituled, " The Tablet or 
Moderacion of Charles the First and Martir," * in the hands of 
one Mr. Boyes; and the said Mathew Morley, upon perusall of 
the said booke, thought it to be very prejudiciall to the govern- 
ment established in England. And the said Boyes said that the 
booke was Thomas Bright's, of Pickring aforesaid, gentleman, 
and he had a frind that sent it him from beyond the sea. 


Sep. 26, 1649. Recognisances for the appearance at the assizes 
of Marmaduke Richardson,t of Pocklington, clerk, for praying 
publickly before his sermon in the parish church of Pocklington 
for Charles the Second, Kinge of Scotland and heire apparent 
to this realm e. 


Nov. 28, 1649. Before Andrew Burton, Mayor of Doncaster, 
&c. The Right Honn^^" Wm. Earle of DuufniseX saith that, 

* No early edition of this work is recorded by Watt. It was reprinted in Svo in 
1G94, Another deposition describes the work as " The Tablet, &c. with an Alarum 
to the Subjects of England." John Musgrave, a trooper in the same regiment, supports 
the evidence of his comrade. Mr. Bright was bound over to keep the peace at the assizes. 

t Mr. Richardson was ordered to find sureties for his good behaviour. 

J A Scottish earl is returning from the South, and between Lincoln and Bawtry 
he is set upon, as he says, and robbed. He had a servant with him. It is strange 
that they should surrender to two assailants. 

When the earl reaches Bawtry on foot there is a hue and cry after the offenders, 
and they are soon caught. Their story is a strange one— tlioy say that the gentleman 


beinge ridinge on tlie high rode way betwixt Lincohie and 
Doncaster, he was sett uppon by Nicholas Spavild and Richanl 
Drew, on the 26th of Nov., who tooke from him one bay mare 
and a black nagg with a great letlier mall full of goods. Ther- 
npon hee was forced to goe to Bawtrey on foote, and there raysed 
hue and crye after them. 


Jan. 9, 1 649-50. Before Isaac Newton, Esq. William Kirk- 
ham, of Mivis, sayth> that one Wm. Mason of Newlcss did relate 
to this informant that he brought a woman unto his brother's, 
Robert Mason's, bedd syde at Olde Byland, in the night time, as 
they were in bedd together. This informer then asked him 
whether or noe it was a substantiall body, and how he could see 
or perceave her in the darke ? * Whoe answered that when it 
was darke to this informant it was light to him. He asked the 
said Mason howe he dared to doe these and other straunge 
matters amongst the soldyers least they should fall upon him and 
kill him ? He answered that he had fixed them soe that they 
had neither power to pistoll him, stabb him, kill, or cutt him. 
This informant further telling the said Mason that, if he could 
not make good the charge which he had framed against Richard 
Boulbye's wyfe, he did beleeve the justices at the sessions would 
comitte him to the gaole or house of correccion. Whereunto he 
answered, if they did soe he would make some others folio we 
him ; and, when they were fast, he would goe out at his pleasure. 
Further, asking the said Mason whether or no there should be a 
King in England, he answered he would warrant there should 
bee a King, and that very shortely. 


Feb. 12, 1649-50. Before Richard Robinson, of Thickett, 
Esq. John Rohiiison and William lies, souldyers under Captayn 

was riding oif the road over the corn : when they remonstrated with him he and his 
servant dismounted and walked away, leaving the horses behind them, which Spavild 
and Drew carried away to the pinfold. Credat Judceus ! 

* A deposition evidently depending upon others that are lost : it is difficult there- 
fore to explain it. The accused person seems to have mixed politics with his diablerie, 
and it was for them, apparently, that he was called to account. Another witness 
charges him with saying at Helmsley " that hee knewe when there would be a King, and 
when there would be a greate fight." 


Henery Ponnell, captayn in Collonell Bright's regiment,* say 
that, being drinking one night in theire quarters with one Tho- 
mas Welsh of North Dalton, they did heare the said Welse say 
these words following: That there is a King, and that England 
could never be governed aright without a King. That Prince 
Charles was crowned King of Scotland, and would shortly be 
amongst us. He drank an health to the sayd King and Queene's 
prosperity, and would have them to haA^e pledged him with the 
health of Sir Marmaduke Langdale. He asked John Kobinson 
if, when an army came against us, that he would give him quarter 
if he light on him, and he would doe the same by him. 


March 1, 1649-50. Before Jo. Overton, Esq. Thomas Roseter, 
an Irishman, saithe that, aboute sixe weekes since, he was shipped 
from Dunkirke in Flaunders by Lourance Dusbury, maister of 
this shippe now ridinge in Humber, for to goe to sea as a man of 
warr upon free bootie;* and that he and John Marcer, Wm. Wil- 
son, and one Eaiphe, whose sirname this ex*^ knoweth not, were 
likewise shipped in the said shippe aboute the same time as soul- 
diors upon free bootie; and confesseth they have Prince Charles 
his comission, and that they came yesterday on shoore at Easing- 
ton for taking in freshe watter and gettinge victualles, haveinge 
been aboute sixe weekes at sea, and spent theire watter and vie- 
tuall, and gott noe prize in all that. And saithe theire be only 
tenn other men aboarde the said shippe, and that she haithe only 
2gunnes and 12 muskittes, with pouder and amunition theireunto 
proportionall, sixe fyrelockes and 16 swordes and some pistolles. 
And, upon further examinacion, confesseth that they tooke a smale 
boate neare or belonginge to Lynn, loadiied with oates. 

At the assize begun at York on March 12, 1650 1, a Wm. Mason was indicted for 
uttering six pieces of bad gold coin, but was acquitted. 

* Colonel Bright was a Parliamentarian, and his regiment saw much service in the 
Civil Wars. The offending cavalier pleaded drunkenness as his excuse, and said, 
probably with truth, that he remembered nothing about the alleged offence. He was 
ordered to find sureties for his good behaviour, and was fined 40/. 

Sir Marmaduke Langdale's name would at this time be in the mouth of every 
cavalier as the most dashing and successful cavalry officer in the King's service. The 
sufferings and the exploits of this noble gentleman are well known. His loyalty is 
said to have cost him the large sum of 160,000/. 

•f- A case of piracy. The adventurers had letters of marque from Prince Charles. 
A great deal of mischief was done on the Yorkshire coast during the Civil Wars by 
pirates. In 1646 the people of Scarborough complained to Sir John Lawson that they 
liad lost as many as nine ships within eight days. After this those waters were pro- 
tected by seven ships of war. At the assizes the pirates were ordered to be left in 
prison without bail. 


William Dichiyison, borne at Skarbrouglic, confessetlie tlae very 
same with Tho. Roserter, and, further, that the name of the capt. 
of the pyrates shippe is Capt. Cusye, and the name of the m'" is 
Lowrance Dusbury, and the name of the shipe is The Fortune. 
John Marser, was borne at Bristol, but refuseth further to be 
examined, savinge that he belongethe to the shipp now in Humber. 
Raiphe Fletcher, born in Bushop-warmothe, near Sunderlande, 
will confese nothinge. 

Eositer and Fletcher say that Marser's name is Plunkett. ( Yow 
will finde this Plunkitt a notable, cunninge, boulde rogue.) 


March 8, 1649-50. Before Luke Robinson, Esq. William 
Allan, of Branshy, constable, saith that divers people in the habitts 
of jipsey * came to Butterwicke the day before they were apre- 
hended att Normanby, the same who are now in the Castle of 
Yorke. Divers of them did tell fortunes to children and to 

* A party of poor gipsies are in trouble. We see them acting and living just as 
they do now, and probably no class has changed less than the gipsies. Their migra- 
tory habits and hereditary tricks and devices used to expose them to much unmerited 
suffering and suspicion. They generally were called Egyptians, from the country in 
which, it was supposed, they had their origin. Thence comes their present name. 
In the Register book of St. Nicholas's church, in Durham, " 1592, Aug. 8, Simson, 
Arrington, Fetherstone, Fenwicke, and Lanckaster, were hanged for being Egyptians.'''' 

The gipsies referred to in the depositions were treated in a most unjustifiable 
manner. The following petition declares what happened to them. 

"To the right worshippfull Mr. Robinson, Esq., Justice of peace in the North 
Riding. The humble petition of divers distressed wandring persons, calling them- 
selves by the name of Jepsese. 

" Humbly shewith, that, whereas your worship hayth comitted us most justly, and 
according to our deserts, to the castle of York, where wee are ; and our poore infants 
almost famished for want of livehood. And, much the rayther, be reason the men 
that by your worship's comannd brought us hither, did contrary to all equity and 
Christiannity, and, as we are informed, contrary to the law of this kingdom, bereft us, 
and tooke from us our mare, and many things of greate noate and vallew. And, with- 
oute any neede or just cause, getting at many townes bothmeate and monnyfor theire 
and our use, of which your poore petitioners gott smale releife. 

" In tender considderation whereof, and soe that your petitioners are most sorry for 
theire former leud course of life; and promisseth, by the help of Almighty God, will 
indeavor ourselves to direct our lives heareafter, observant to the will of God, and 
lawes of this land, it, therefore, would please your worship to commisserate our dis- 
tressedness, and in your grave wisdom to cause the cunstable and others to restore our 
goods soe unjustly tacken from us. And that it would please your worship to call us 
to the sessions to receyve such punishment as the worshipfull bench shall think fitt, 
and wee shalbe bound to pray." 

At the assizes all the women plead pregnancy before judgment. It was allowed in 
one case, that of Barbara Smith. The others were probably executed. The name of 
the man does not occur in the calendar. 


others, and askt tliem money. They did some tyme speake in 
languages wich none who were by could understand. 

Jane, wife to Thomas Savadge, of Branshij, sayth that she went 
to Wm. Kattill's house, where these people were, about sixe of 
them, and one of them, a woman, did wagge hir hand of hir, and 
did draw hir to a side, and told hir shee would helpe her to 
60Z., three silver spoones and two gold rings, if she might have 
halfe, and one shilling, fower pence, one linning sherte and one 
dinning pillow beare. 

Richard Smith, and Barbary, whoe pretends to bee his wife, 
Francis Parker, Elizabeth Grey, and Elizabeth Parker. 

Richard Smith doeth confesse that hee and the rest of his com- 
pany weere apprehended in London as suspitious persons, for 
highway robbers, and were committed to Newgate and the 
House of Correccion, and wear in question att the sessions their, 
but weir, as hee pretends, ordered to bee sent to their severall 
dwellings or countryes, conducted by one Grey, whoe was not 
with them when they were apprehended. He confesses that they 
have bcene in severall parts of this country; that they were tra- 
vayling into Northumberland ; that they have been in Hereford- 
shire, Stafford, Salop, Cheshire, and Lancashire, and that they 
came last from the East Riding about Hesle. He denyes that 
any of them did professe to tell fortunes. They did likewise pro- 
duce this passe, concerning which I have received since a letter 
from Alderman Penington, affirming itt to be forged. And 
likewise wee did thinke these persons were burned in the hand att 
theire sessions. 


March 18, 1649-50. Before Henry Tempest, Esq. Dorothy 
Jlodes, of Boiling, widoio,^- saith, thatt, upon Sonday night was a 
seavennight, she and Sara Rodes, her dawghter, with a litle childe, 
lay all in bedd together; and, after theire first sleepe, sheheareing 
the saide Sara quakeing and holding her hands together, she 
asked her what she ailed, and she answered " A, mother, Sikes 
wife came in att a hole att the bedd feete, and upon the bedd, 
and tooke me by the throate, and wold have put her fingers in 

* Another curious story of witchcraft. I shall make no comment upon it. What 
a picture of credulity and folly it discloses. The depositions contain some curious 
local words. The poor women deny all acquaintance with the crimes imputed to 
them. At the assizes the bill against Susan Beaumont was ignored, and Mary Sykes 
was acquitted. 


my mowtli, and wold ncedcs clioake mc." And, this informant 
asking lier why she did not speake, she answered she cold not 
speake for thatt the saide Mary Sykes fumbled about her throatc 
and tooke her left syde thatt she cold not speake. And she 
further saith thatt the saide Sara hath beene taken severall tymes 
since the saide Sonday with paines and benummednes, by six 
tymes of a day, in greate extremity, the use of her joynts being- 
taken from her, her hart leapeing, the use of her tongue being 
taken away, and her whole body neare unto death. And those 
fitts continewed halfe an hower, and sometyraes an hower, and 
when she was recovered, she continually saide thatt the saide 
Mary Sikes came and used her in that maner. And upon the 
saide Sonday the saide Sara told this informant thatt the saide 
Mary Sikes came unto her as she was comeing home, and tooke 
holde of her by the apron, and gathered itt by the bottom into 
her hands, and puld her soe hard by itt thatt she puld some of the 
gatherings out ; and that she was in great feare, and winched ; 
and opening her eyes she saide " Mary." Butt the saide Mary 
Sikes wold give noe answere. And then Susan Beamont came to 
her. And the likenes of one Kellett wife appeared to her. 
Whereupon this informant told her that Kellett wife dyed about 
two yeares since. To which the saide Sara answered, " A, mother, 
but she never rests, for she appeared to me the fowlest feinde that 
ever I sawe, with a paire of eyes like sawcers, and stood up 
betwixt them, and gave me a box of the eare in the gapsteade, 
which Tnade the fire to flash out of my eyes." 

Richard Booth, of Boiling^ saith, that he saw the said Sara 
Eodes two severall tymes verie strangely taken, her body quake- 
ing and dithering about halfe a quarter of an hower, her hart 
riseing up, and in such nianner that she cold not speake but now 
and then a word. And the saide Mary Sikes hath divers tymes 
saide vmto this informant, " Bless the," and " I'le crosse the," and 
that he hath had much loss by the death of his goods. 

Henry Cordingley, of Tonge, saith, that the saide Mary Sikes 
hath saide unto him divers tymes, since Christenmas was twelve 
monthes, that he had nyne or tenn beasts and horses, but she 
wold make them fewer, and " Bless the," but " I'le cross the." 
He further saith that, some three dayes before the saide Cristen- 
mas, he goeing to fother horses, about 12 o'clock in the night, 
with a candle and lanthron, his beasts standing neare his horses, 
he sawe the saide Mary Sikes riding upon the backe of one of his 
cowes. And he, endeavoring to strike att her, stumbled, and 
soe the saide Mary flewe out of his mistall windowe, haveing three 
or fower wooden stanchions, the saide cowe being then white over 


with an imy sweate. And he likewise saith that he had one 
blacke horse, worth 41. 16s., begunn to be sicke about Tewsday was 
a fortnight, and continewed dithering and quakeing till Sonday 
following, and then dyed. And he, opening the saide horse, cold 
not finde an eggshell full of blood. And lie is verily perswaded 
that the saide horse was bewitched. And he saith, allsoe, that a 
black meare of his hath beene sicke in like manner as the former 
horse was, since about Tewsday last was a fortnight, till the tyme 
that the saide Mary was searched by the weomen ; but, since that, 
she hath recovered and amended, and eates hir meate verie well. 
William Modes, of Boiling, saith, that in harvest last past this 
Informant was in the howse of William Sikes, husband to the saide 
Mary Sikes, and that he hearde the saide Mary say " Henry Cor- 
dingley braggs of his dawghters, what gay dawghters they are. 
His eldest dawghter was of her feete at once, butt, if I be owne to 
live, she shalbe taken off her feete and made a miracle." And 
than went to her parlor windowe and saide, " I'le looke if the 
devill be att the windowe." Isabella Pollard, of Bierley, tcidoic, 
and five other tcomen, say, that by vertue of a warrant from 
Henry Tempest, Esq., they searched the body of the saide Mary 
Sikes, and fbunde upon the side of her seate a redd lumpe about 
the biggnes of a nutt, being wett, and that, when they wrung it 
with theire fingers, moisture came out of it like lee. And they 
founde upon her left side neare her arme a litle lumpe like a wart, 
and being puld out it stretcht about halfe an inch. And they 
further say that they never sawe the like upon anie other weomen. 


Apr. 2, 1650. Scarbrough. The examinacions of Josepli 
Constant, captain of a vessell of warre called the St. Peter of 
Jersey,* &c., before Tho. Gill and Wm. Saunders, baliffes. Whoe 

* A privateer captured off Scarbrough. Mr. Hinderwell gives an interesting account 
of their seizure, of which I shall avail myself. Robert Colman, master of a North Sea 
fishing smack, hearing of the presence of the strange ship on the coast, volunteers to 
Colonel Bethel, then governor of Scarbrough Castle, to capture it. The governor gives 
him arms and twenty-five soldiers under the conmiand of Captain Thomas Lassclls, 
and he had besides twenty-five seamen. 

" Wee sailed forth, and that evening met with the said ship of warr, who called to 
us and commanded us, saying ' Strike, yee dogs, for King Charles ! ' and so brought 
their vessel aboard on us; whereupon I gave the word to the seamen then in my vessel, 
who immediately entered the ship of war, and, after a very hot skirmish (myselfe and 
three seamen being sorely wounded), we stowed the men, twenty- nine in number who 
were alive, besides five more slaine and drowned, tooke the vessel, and brought her 



say that upon the 27th of March they came to sea from Dunkirke 
with 32 men or thereabouts, with commission from Charles, eldest 
Sonne of the late Kinge of England, to apprehend and pocesse, 
and, in case of resistance, to sinke, fire, or otherwise destroy, all 
shipps and vessells, togeather with ther men, goods, ladings, and 
merchandize, belonginge to any places or person not in obedience 
to the said Charles whom they call King of England. And that, 
upon Monday the 1st of Aprill, towardes the evening, they espyed 
a vessell coming towards them, which they presantly sailed to, 
and laid her aboard, think inge to have taken her, and fireinge 
upon the said vessell, but they, being too stronge, tooke them and 
brought them into Scardbrough peare. 


July 17,1650. AtRotherham. Thomas Hartley ^^ of Fisldahe, 
saith that John Purveys, of Fishlake, was in actuall service 
against the Parliament, and doth continue in his malignance to 
this very day. That hee hath constantlie used to weare a pockitt 
dagger with two longe knives. That, on the 3rd of July, which 
was an exercise day at Fislake, he did carry privately in his 
pockitt the said dagger and knives to church, and said that hee 
did weare them for the honor of his King, and that he hoped to 
doe his King more service ther with then any Cropp did the Par- 
liament with his lono;e sword. 


A^^g. 19, 1650. Before Jo, Stanhope. Henry Walker, of 
Mirfeild, clothier, '\ sayth that, upon Sunday morning last but one, 

with one gun and other armes and provisions, and the men as prisoners, into Scar- 
borougli peares.'' 

This deposition is signed by the captain and twenty-eight of his crew. The names 
show that tlae greater part of the men were foreigners, apparently Dutchmen. 

* A Royalist who was more bold than cautious. In addition to these misdemeanors 
he was also charged with robbery and assault. 

t A story that can scarcely be credited. A widow, three weeks after her husband's 
death, feels the want of another spouse — to reap her corn ! An obliging friend finds 
one for her, and brings him on the same day, a Sunday. On the Tuesday they are 
married. On the Thursday she turns her husband out of bed and house. The poor 
wretch, who complained bitterly of the effects of a certain " clapt cake" that his wife 
had given him on the Tuesday, was found shivering with cold, sitting on a clog near 
his own door, through which he did not dare to pass. On the Friday it was broken 
open and he was carried in in a chair, having almost died twice whilst they were 
carrying him. On the Saturday he did die — a nice termination to the week. The 
woman denied the marriage ! 


hee, goeing to the howse of Anne Crowtlier, of MiiTcild, slie, 
haveing buiyed her husband about three weekes before, made a 
great iamentacon to him for want of some helpe to gett her corne. 
Whereupon he told her that hee would helpe her to a man 
which would helpe to gett her harvest, and told her the sayd man 
was a widower and that, if they pleased, they might make a 
marriage together. Shee asked him of what age hee was, and 
was so importunate with him to have a sight of the man that she 
procured him the same day to goe for him to Hunslett, where he 
dwelt, and lent him her mare, and offered to pay him for his 
paynes. Whereupon this informant went to Hunslett, the said 
day, and procured John Walker to come along with him. And 
John Walker and Anne Crowther meeting together the sayd 
Sunday att night, after some conference betwixt them, the said 
Anne expressed herselfe willing to marry with him, if it was that 
night, and carryed him along with her to her howse. And, on 
Munday after, they did agree to be marryed together on Tuesday, 
and were marryed by Mr. Robert Allanson, vicar of ]\Iirfeild. 
And upon Thursday she went to the said John's bedsyde and 
lifted up the cloathes and desyred him to gett up, which he did. 
And she desyred him to goe forth of doore, and did deny to Ictt 
him come into her howse. 


Oct. 18, 1650. Before Henry Tempest, Esq. EUen, tnfe of 
James Rodes, of West Ardeslet/,^ saith thatt, about INIidsomer last 
was fower yeares, Eobert Allerton, her late husband, and Thomas 
Bradley sitt in a seate together in the church att Woodchurche. 
And the saide Robert, setting up his knee to write the sermon, 
the saide Thomas struck him with his hand severall tym'es upon 
his right legg, which had an issue or a pipe in itt, and paused 
him soe vehemently that the saide Robert cryd " awe." And, by 
reason of the saide pawseing, the issue was stopt. And Robert 
said to Bradley, " thou hast given me my death." 


Dec. 14, 1650. The true state or accontt of Mr. Peter do 
Beauvoir,f nat . . . the islande of Garnezey. 

* A man accidentally killed by a slight blow that he received in church, whilst he 
was taking notes of the sermon. Bradley says that he merely pushed the leg otV the 
other, and that no charge was made against him till he demanded '20g. of the woman 
for keeping an unlicensed alehouse. 

f PKer de IJeauvoir, a native of .Jersey and a eaptaii. in the service of the Parlia- 


That, the 14th day of Decemhei'^, 1650, as I was travellinge 
from the towne of Doncaster, on my march to Scottland, to 
repaire to Collonell Whaley's owne troope (whom by God's bles- 
singe I did hope to have gone in), I was seiszed upon in my 
inne as if I had beene somme malefactor or dangerous person 
against this state or common whealth. That I have served this nine 
yeares in severall quahfications : first, at the very first beginning 
of these wars I have ingaged for the Parlement case with my 
owne horses and amies from time to time, as my little abylity 
did innable mee to doe; first, as a horseman-refbrmadoe under 
Collonell John Fiennes, and afterwardes was preferde to bee c* 
of foote to Capt" Douty, ant c' of horse twisce under the saide 
Collonell Fiennes, to Captain John Hunt and Barnarde at 
Nazeby fight, untill wee were disbanded by order, havinge been 
taken before by the enemy Prince Kobertt att Bristoll, and was 
preflferd to bee cornet to Collonell Mazzeres, under the Earle of 
Manchester, where at our disbandinge I rid reformadoe under 
Captain Fulke Grevill's troope with my man and my tow horses 
in Sir William Waller's army untill the said John Fiennes pre- 
ferd me to be I'' of horse as abovesaide; and afterwardes have 
beene of my Lord Fairfax his lifie guarde, untill the disbanding 
thereof at London. Where, by a speciall order from General! 
Fairfax, given to Doctor Staues for my entertainemen in Collo- 
nell Whaeley's owne troope, for the space of tow years an a halfe, 
with my servant and tow horses and armes at my owne cost and 
charges, where the said Collonell did chuze mee to bee a con- 
ductor for Irelande, where I shipt neer or above heightscore 
souldiers as recreutes a twelve months agon at King's lioads at 
Bristoll. And sinsce I have ride in Capt" Jinkin's troope untill 
I was put out of the muster rolle, in rcgarde I was to goe for 
Scottlande in the above saide Collonell Whaley's owne troope. 
I come from Wells to London about a monetli agone, where I 
come to London at the signe of the White Swan neere Holborne, 
where Capf^ Freeman did laye then, serjourninge only 8 or 9 
dayes there. From whence I come with a full resoluttion to 
serve in Scottlande as reformadoe under my Colonel Whaley 
owne troope. I did mett Capt" John Cresset foote company 

ment is arrested at Doncaster for suspicious and extraordinary conduct, as will be 
seen in the charges brought against him. He seems to have been playing the part of a 
swaggering bully. The account that he gives of his adventurous life is interesting 
and was written by himself. I have seen a short petitionary letter which he addressed 
to the judge at York begging for a little consideration on account of his being a 
foreigner, and expressing his regret at what had occurred. He was indicted at the 
York assizes, but was discharged on finding sureties for his good behaviour. The 
case is a remarkable one, and the papers will be read with much interest, 



belonging to Boastou garrison in the regiment of Colonell 
Liliarde upon their march from London towards Boaston, quart- 
teringe with them all alonge our march as farre as it lie in my 
way towards Scottland, officiatinge for that present time as quart- 
termaester in the townc of Upton, foure milles of Still ton in 
Hunttingtonshire. Where I tooke my leave of him, hee being 
goeinge to quarttcr to Peterborough that night, where I did lie 
in the inne or alehouse in Crocksom in my roade north wardes, 
when I mett witli Judge Tharpe's company heither to this towne 
of Duncaster, and did hope to have gone to Yorke still allong 
with him and the rest of his followers, both lor my owne secu- 
rity and speede in my journey, having beene like to have ben set 
upon towards the cveninge by foure highwaymen that did endeavor 
to take me at advantage untill I was secured in my saide inne of 
Crockesam. The which things made mee be the . . . linge to goe 
sauve from robbery, as abovcsaide, to prevent further dooings. I had 
forgoat to tell you that whithin fowre milles of Roiston wee did 
stopt and seisze 4 men, whereof 3 of tliem hade beene formerly 
cavaleers, and the other was as a servant. Wee did apprehende 
them, and committed 3 of them under custody in the saide toAvne 
of Roiston ; .and the chief of them wee sent up disarmed with 
Enseigne Cresset to the concell of warre at White Hall to bee 
adjugcd as lafull prisze, and besides to know Avhether or no 
they where not in Northfolke muttiny, as I did partly discover 
them to be malignants newly arrived from Holland to plott mis- 
chiefF, as I wrotte by Capt" Cresset's ensigne to my lorde presi- 
dent of the concell of state from Royston; the Avhich things I 
doe certilic to be the plaine truth att my perill. Peter de Beau- 
voir, Capt"." 

Articles of misdemeanors against Peter de B . . ., a Gamsey 
mann, whereupon, as maybe concluded, he is a daingerous person 
and fitt to be secured. 

That he tooke a jorney i'rom London^ aboute three weekes 
before Christide last, pretending to goe into Yorkeshire, and in 
his jorney liis doeinges and spcachcs hereafter specified weere 

1. That he ridd armd in extraordinary manner (viz*.) with 
fower pistolls, a carbine, a raper and pockett dagger, and in a 
l)Oufe coate. 2. Tliat, upon discourse with Robert Sparke, he 
said " I tendred my service to a Parliament collonoll, Imt he 
reflxsed me because I was a Frenchmnn, and he is now one of the 
covmcell of state, a stately knave as all of them arc." And, there- 
with, drawing his dagger, said these words in great passion, " I 
would this dagger wcere in their bellies, and ere long it shall)c 


in some of their bellies." 3. Tliat upon discourse with John 
Rockley he said, " I have beene a sol . . . for the Parliament, 
but " therewith swearing a great oath " I will never serve them 
more." 4. That, upon discourse witli Robert Sparke, he said 
" If I should meet with 20 or 30 men I would fire upon them 
all, and I care noe more for killing a man than for killing a 
woodcocke." 5. That he being advised by some persons of his ac- 
quaintance at Doncaster to retornebacke to London said, " I will 
not goe to London, for then I may venter to be hanged." 6. That 
he was very inquisitive in his jorney wliether Judge Thorpe,* who 
was then upon the roade, was past by or not; and after he had 
overtaken the Judge's company, he was very inquisitive to know 
his jorneys and stages; and how many of the company belongd 
to him, and when he and the rest weere to part, and what the 
Judge carried in his sumpter, and whether it weere not mony. 
As, also, how his company was armd, and whether they would 
fight in case they should meete with highway robbers and cutters; 
and he seemed very fearefull to meete Avith such highway robbers 
and cutters, as he cald them. And, further, he said he wondred 
the Judge was nott sett upon by cutters, considering he had 
hanged so many men. 7. That he ridd thorough Brigg, Caster- 
ton, northward, about fower clocke towardes night, and came 
l)acke into the towne about eight clocke at night all in a great 
fright, and with his carbine and his pistolls cockt and ready to 
give fier, and aflPrighted all the people in the inne to which he 
came, and while he was at supper he laid his pistolls ready cockt 
beside his trencher ; and did also their present his pistol! cockt in 
one hand and a naked dagger in th'other to a countryman's breast, 
and furiously asked him what he was, and what armes he had. 
8. That upon the day when Barron Thorpe came to Doncaster, 
which was aboute fower clocke, the said De Bevoyr tooke occacon 
to stay behinde the company, and then came into the towne after 
them about eight clocke at night, and brought with him three or 
fower more persons all armd with swords and pistolls like soldiers, 
and wente to another inne where that company with him staid, 
but himselfe came to the inne where Barron Thorpe lay, pretend- 
ing to belong to his company, and soe lodged their. 9. That the 
next morneing, being Saterday, when ^W^^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^ 

* Did Beauvoir actually think of falling upon the Judge and his suite ? Francis 
Thorpe, one of the Barons of the Exchequer, was frequently on duty at York. 

A charge which he delivered to the grand jury at York, on March 20, 1648, was 
printed, in folio, by Thomas Broad, of York, in 1649. 

He died and was buried at Bardsey in the West Riding, leaving behind him an 
unfavourable reputation. 



company weere to part, and all of" tlieni to goe to their owne 
homes, though the day before he had charged his carbine with 
haileshott and killd pigeons as he roade upon the way, yett then 
he had charged his carbine and pistolls, some with two buUetts, 
some with three bulletts a peece. 10. That he said, " If I gett 
into Yorkeshire I will have mony enough." 11. That though he 
be not a soldier, but putt out of the rolle, for some misdemeanor, 
as may be conceived, yett he tooke upon him in his said jorny to 
be a quartermaster, and tooke free quarter in divers places by the 
way as he roade. 12. That since the said De Bevoir's comitment 
he hath severall tymes reviled Barron Thorpe and the maior of 
Doncaster, and said they weere both rogues, and if ever he gott 
out he would marke them for rogues, and said " I will write- to 
Bradshawe to be freed." 


Dec. 25, 1650. Before Thos. Dickinson and Ralph Rymere. 
John Peirse, of Bedall, Esq. maketh oath that Robert Ashton, 
late of Askew, gen., comonlie called Doctor Ashton,* having a 
woman who charged him with bastardy, this deponent, having 
receaved from London an ordinance of Parliament in print against 
adultery, wished the said ]\Ir. Ashton to read the same, which he 
did accordinglie, and withall wished him to put away the woman, 
in respect that he had credablie heard that he had a wife and 
children at Wappen neer London. The said Mr. Ashton's 
answer was that, before 25 June, as neer as it was, he hoped to 
see all the rebells that made that ordinance and act to be hanged ; 
saying that there would be an alteracion of State, and his ]\lajes- 
ties Sonne, whose picture he kept and loved, would have his 
owne in despight of all rogues and rebells, and he, this deponent, 
would be put to his last game. 

July 26, 1650. Informations against Docter Robert Ashton 
of Aiskew, taken before Mathew Beckwith, Esq.f That the 

* A vei-y singular story. Of course the articles against Dr. Ashton must be received 
with some caution; but how strange they are, if true ! What a union of opposites in 
his character ! One would lilie to liuow wliat became of him. Mr. Ashton was tried 
at tlie York assizes, and it was ordered that he should be kept in gaol at the pleasure 
of Sir Robert Barwick and Mr. Thomas Dickinson. 

Mr. Peirse, a member of a family that is still resident in Bedale, was a Parliament 
man. I find a person called Ralph Douthwaite, of Thirsk, indicted at York for having 
said at Bedale on 14th June, 1652, " Mr. Pearse, the Parliament are all turned 
levellers, and will levell every man, that the poorest soldier will bee as good as the best 

t Of Tanfield, Esq. a strong Parliamentarian and one of Oliver's captains. After 


said Dr. Ashton used to reade Common Prayer, and, to the 
end that he might have hearears, he put upp a bell in his house, 
which was rung at set houres to draw his congregation togeather, 
which were most of them lewd people. That he pretended to 
have a revelacon since the late King's decease, to_ heale the evill; 
and soe hee solemnized the same day of the King's departure, 
every moneth, in a long white garment, with other ceremonies, 
and laid his hands upon some to heale them, saying some forme 
of prayers like a charme, to the delusion of the people. That hee 
preached divers times at the chappell of Leeming, teaching the 
doctrine of workes, which is meere Poperye. And there he read 
the Common Prayer, and since hath hired a man to reade it 
morneing and evening in contempt of authority. That the said 
Dr. Robert Ashton hath beene banished forth of _ Byshopbridge 
by Sir Arthur Hazlerigg * for theese and other disorders That 
he hath noe licence for practizeing of physicke, nor other degrees 
in the university that is knowne, and many have died very sud- 
dainly imder his cure. That he is almost every day distempered 
with drincke, and soe very unfitt to cure the distempers of others. 
That he hath exprest divers base words against the present 
government, and those that adheares unto it, and hath scandal- 
ized many in authority most unworthily. That he doth brew 
and sell aile in his house without a licence, keeping a bowleing 
ally and butts to draw people to his house to spend their money; 
and besides he keepes lewd weomen in his house, and has one as 
his concubine; and, before his childe was borne, he said hee 
would give 40Z. if Peggie would prove with childe, and what 
he would give att the baptiseing of it; which hee did, and played 

the restoration he was steward to the Earl of Elgin. He built the east end of the 
Marmion Chantry at Tanfield, in which he lived, and put over his door in Latin 
If religion flourishes I live. 
M. B. 1668. 
Whereupon Mr. Littleton, then rector of Tanfield, and living opposite to Mr. Beck- 

with, put over his door 

I do not heed the man the more, 
That hangs religion at his door. 
* A zealous Parliamentarian, who turned the diocese of Durham upside down. I 
have the original manuscript of the arrangements that he made for preachers &e m 
that county It contains much new and curious information. Sir Arthur died m 
the Tower before any measures had been taken against the leaders of the Cromwellian 
party, otherwise he would in all probability have been executed. One of the old 
ballads of the time thus speaks of him 

What is the cause, Sir Arthur, 
Your pulses go so quick ? 
Tis Bishops' lands 
That's in your hands 
Which makes them beat so thick. 


both midwife and minister, and caused the bells to be runt/ 
for joy. 

Mr. Win. Johmon, of Leeming, siiys that Ashton pays him 2s. 
a-week for the last year to say morning and evening prayers in 
the chappell. 


10 Jan. 1650-1. Wakefield. Before Sir John Savile, Kt. Alex. 
Johnson, Henry Tempest, John Stanhope, and John Hewley, 
Lsqrs. JoMie icife of Wm. Booth, of Warmfeild, saith that Mar- 
garet Morton,* of Kn-kethorpe, came to her house, and gave her 
sonn (about fower yeares old) and then in good health and Hkeing, 
a peece of bread; after which time her said childe begann to bee 
sicke, and his body swelled very much, and his flesh did daly after 
much waste, till he could neither goe nor stand. This informant, 
mistrusting that the said Margaret Morton had bewitch her child, 
did send for her, who asked the child forgivenesse three times, 
and then this informant drew bloud of her with a pin, and ime- 
diately after the child amended. And at divers times this in- 
formant could not get butter when she chirned nor cheese when 
she earned. 

Frances, wife of John Ward, tKelder, of Kirkethorpp, saith 
that she was one of the fower that searched Margaret Morton, 
and found upon her two black spotts between her thigh and her 
body; they were like a wart, but it was none. And the other 
was black on both sides, an inch bread, and blew in ihe middest. 
And this Margaret had becnc a long time suspected for a witch, 
and that her mother and sister, who are now both dead, were sus- 
pected to bee the like. And this ext had two children that dyed 
about two yeares agoe who were grievously perplexed with 
sickenes before they died; and the one of them said before it 
dyed, (Tood mother, put out Morton," who was then in the 

* A vague and unsatisfactory case. The poor woman was tried at tbe assizes and 
was very properly acquitted. In September, 1650, a woman called Ann Sson of 
Skipsey in Holderness, was charged with witchcraft. The sick person had recovered 
after iio liad scratched her and drawn hlood. i^"""" recovered 



Jan. 22, 1650-1. Belbre Richard Robinson, Esq. James 
Wood, of Yorhe, parclmiente-maker, saytli, that after the Lord 
Generall Cromwell's going into Scottland, he Avas at Towthrop 
with one William Lazenby, gent., of Haxby,* who did say, that 
Generall Cromwell had lost his army, and that he was taken into 
a castell or hold, or unto the seas. And that he hoped within a 
twelvemonth to see Generall Cromwell's head off, and all the 
heads of all the Parliament men in England that now is. And 
Edward Gower, George Crathorn, and Katherine his wife, and 
Mr. Barber, the minister, all of Towthrop, heard these words. 


Feb. 21, 1650-1. Before D. Hotham, Jo. Peirson, and Tho. 
Styringe, Esqrs. John Cuthbartc, parrishe-clarke ofFoston, sayth, 
that upon Thursday, being the xxx^^i day of Januarie, which was 
appoynted by an authority of Parliament as a day of thanksgiving 
for the good successe of our armes by sea and land, George 
Holroyd, minister of (Foston) did preach ;t and the part of 
Scripture which he nominated for his text was the 14 verse of 
the 6 chapter of the Epistle to the Galatians, vizt., " God forbid 
that I should glory but in the crosse of our Lord Jesus Christ," &c. 
After the reading of which words the said George Holeroyd fell 
into a large discourse of the . . . ceding verses, expressing the 
joyes and rejoycing of the . . . ked; and, withall, saying that he 
could not very well tell whether there were more cause of humi- 
liation then of exaltation, for that there was nowe soe much 
bloudshedding and cutting of the throats of our Christian brethren ; 
which things were more cause of mourning then rejoycing. And 
to that purpose he did alleadge the example of David mourning 

* A charge of using seditious language and spreading false news. The wish, in this 
case, was father to the thought. 

At the delivery of the gaol for the city of York in March 1657-8, William Mar- 
rison was fined 100^. for spreading false news. 

On Feb. 14, 1650-1, George Thorne said, at York Castle, " You see what you gett 
for serviiige the States : as they have murdred the Kiuge, soe they will likewise hang 
those that have done them service." 

f The pulpit was at this time very much used for political purposes, but as 
Mr. Holroyd reflected somewhat upon the ruling powers he was called to account. 

In July 1658, John Hitchmough, clerk, of Egton, in Cleveland, was charged at the 
York assize with uttering seditious words, but the bill was ignored. 


for the cleatli of Saule, a wicked king ; and also for tlie death of 
Jonathan, Saule's sonn, for the death of Abner, who was treacher- 
ously slayne, and diverse other examples to that purpose. And, 
proceeding further, he sayd, that if wee looked into the miseries 
of these present tymes, wee should see nothing but oppression, 
tyranny, and butchering, and the cutting of the throats of our 
brethren. Yet the said George Holeroyd prayed for the good 
and prosperous estate of the governours, and for a peaceable con- 
clusion betwixt the two kingdoms. 



March 3, 1650-1. At New Malton, before Arthur Noel and 
John Worsley, Esqrs. Ch\ Holliday, of New Malton, grocer, 
saith, that, about May was a twelvemonth, some foure men came 
about twilight, at the time of shutting up of shops, and betooke 
thcmsclfcs to the Cross in New Malton and had with them a wanded , 
bottle, wherein was wyne or thcr drinkc, and drunk a health 
amongst themselfcs to Charles the Second.* And, when they had 
done that health, one of the foure persons abovesaid, with a loud 
voice, proclaimed Charles the Second, King of England, Scotland," 
France, and Ireland. Amongst which foure persons were at that 
time some sword or swords drawne, and when the said procla- 
macion was by one of them ended, all the said foure persons came 
from the old cross singing, and soe went together to the taverne, 
where one John Williamson now dwelleth. It was said that the 
names of theis four men were Christopher Ncndike, Capt. Denton, 
and Mr. Mountaine, of AVestowe ncere Malton. The fourth this 
ex* never heard nor can learne what his name was, it being sup- 
posed hee was a stranger. It was said, allso, that some of their 
liorses then stood at one Robert Tyson's, and it was thought that 
Capt. Denton had beene in toAvne two or three dayes. He hath 
credibly heard that Capt. Denton was a pyrate at sea, and did 
there much hurt to the Farlaiment's freinds. 

* The record of a somewhat daring adventure at Malton. A few bold Cavaliers 
proclaim Prince Charles King of England at the Cross. About Captain Denton more 
information will soon be given. He was recognised by a person who said that he had 
" formerly beene billited at their house, and was under Capt. Bushel! in Sir Hugh 
Cholmley's command, when they were in the Farlaiment's service.'' 

The person who made the proclamation was Mr. Richard Montaigne of Westow, a 
nephew of George Montaigne, sometime Archbishop of York. Soon after this, some 
persons attempted to arrest him at Kirkham, when he was in the company of 
Mr. Thomas Vaughan of Whitwell and others, but he made his escape. I know not 
what became of him. His father and his elder brother George paid 165/. lis. as a 
composition for their estate, to say nothing of an annual charge upon it of 50/. 



March 12, 1650-1. Before John Harrison and John Burton, 
bayliffes of Scarbrough. Wm. Batty of Scarbrough, inarriner, 
sayth that betwixt Michaehnesse and Martinmesse in 1649, one 
John Denton,* captaine of a ketch, with one peece of ordinance, 
and about 30 men, did take the good ship called the Amity of 
Scarbrough, whereof one Robert Rogers was master, from the 
said Robert Rogers, betwixt Scarbrough Roade^ and Fyley Bay. 
And, after the said Denton had boarded, entered his men and 
taken the said ship, he did putt aboard about 7 or 8 of his men 
to carry the ship away, who carryed it as farre as neere to Flam- 
brough Head, and kept the said Rogers, this inform*^ and some 
other raarriners, prisoners aboard the said ketch, until the said 
Rogers (being unwilling to lose his ship, being at that tyme but 
2 yeare old,) did agree with Denton to pay him a certaine sum of 
money for to have his ship againe, which was done, and all the 
prisoners were sett at liberty. 

Leonard Greene, of Whitb/j, saith, that in the yeare 1649, 
about Christmass, or three weeks before, being a servant in a 
shipp being in Tees water, and loaden with allome and butter, 
one Capt. John Denton, with his men, came into the said shipp, 
when she was on dry ground, and broke open a chest and tookc 
out a bagg of money, and severall suites of apparel, and tooke 
neare two hundred firkins of butter. Being this day with Capt. 
Denton in York Castle, and haveing some speach about the sur- 
prizeing of the shipp that belonged to Mr. Wiggoner and his 

* One of the many cases of piracy that occurred about this time off Scarbrough and 
Whitby. Tlie leading offender. Captain Denton, seems to have been another Paul 
Jones in these waters. With the story of his capture we are unacquainted, but it ap- 
pears that he was taken whilst attacking a ship belonging to Mr. Wiggoner of Whitby. 
That this was not the only charge against him may be seen from these informations. 
He was evidently regarded as a prisoner of great importance. On Feb. 20, 1650-1, 
Bradshaw, as President of the Council of State, issued his warrant authorising Den- 
ton's detention in York castle on a charge of piracy and bearing arms against the 
Parliament. He was indicted at the assizes in March, and orders were given that he 
should be kept in prison without bail. In June he made his escape. The gaolers, 
Richard Lealand and Thomas Reed, had allowed him to go into the city, in the charge 
of a keeper, to dine with Captain William Thornton. Horses were waiting for Denton 
at Walmgate Bar, and he got clear away. A strict inquiry was made into the matter, 
and Mr. Francis Hesketh, of Heslington, was charged with assisting Denton, but he 
exculpated himself. 

I find that on the 9th of March, 1650-1, a ship, belonging to Whitby, called the 
Ellis, was taken by pirates near Bridlington. Seven men were put on board, but the 
vessel leaking, they were obliged to put into shore and were captured, Diego Laughe 
was the captain of the pirate. 


partners, but was hindered of his purpose by some cobble men be- 
longing to Burlington. In revenge whearof the said Capt. 
Denton sayd, that if" it had nott been for the company that was 
with him, hee Avould have landed his men and fired Burlington 


March 26, 1651. Before Francis Carleill, Esq. John Taijler,"^ 
sayth, that, aboute four yeares and a halfc last past, he went 
to be servant to one Mr. Robert Benskyn, who, before this ex- 
aminate went to serve him, had beene a ^lajor for the late lung 
at Basing-house. After this examinate went to serve him, the said 
Mr. Benskyn went to London, and this ex* went with him. And 
when they came to London the said Mr. Benskyn, this ex*, and 
other gentlemen gott a frigott at London, called the Wicked, 
carrying aboute 6 litle peice of ordinance ; and from thence they, 
and the other gentlemen, one named ]\Ir. Elvage, and divers 
others to the number of 24 persons, went to sea to Prince JRupert 
neare Portingall, and so were of his fleete, being in all at that 
tyme aboute the number of 22 ships; and also continued with the 
said Prince Eupert at sea, and was with him when the Malligo 
fleete, being in number 12 English ships, were taken by the said 
Prince at sea. And after that, the said Prince Rupert's fleete of 
shipps being scattered at sea by Generall Blague, being a com- 
mander for the Parliament ol' England, the ship wherein this 
ex* was, and his master and divers other persons, one Capt. 
Bartley being then Captaine for the late King, and, since his 
death, for his eldest sonn, was taken before Christmas last at sea 
by Generall Blague's ships, and the ship wherein this ex* went 
was allotted as prize to one (Japt. Bradshaw, belonging to the 
said Generall Blague's fleete; and, after there takeing, the said 
Capt. Bradshaw sett this ex* and the other persons that were in 
the said ship called the Wicked, upon shore at Chepstow, where 
they were all imprisoned untill such tyme as they were exchanged 
by the French who lately had fought at sea with some English 
ships, and tookc them and the persons in the same ships. And, - 

* At this unsettled time no one was allowed to travel without a pass, and all sus- 
picious persons were arrested and obliged to give an account of themselves. The 
number of disbanded soldiers and sailors that were wandering up and down the country 
made these precautions necessary. The sailor, in the present deposition, tells a long 
and an interesting story of his adventures, introducing to us Prince Rupert and 
Blake the great sea-captain. The prisoner was sent to York Castle. 


aboute 15 dayes last past, they were exchanged and sett at liberty 
ibr the English so taken. And after their release this ex* went 
to Rotchdale, and so towards Newcastle-upon-Tyne, but came not 
to the towne, and so to Pickering and to Yeddinghani, Avherc he 
lay, and so to Foxheles, where he lay, and so to Agnes Burton, 
where he lay aboute two nights agoe att the constable's house ; and 
from thence to Brandsburton, the 25 of March, 1651, where he 
was apprehended, intending to have gone to Hull, with an intent 
to have gone to a towne called Ash well, in Rutlandshyre, where 
he was borne. 


June 13, 1651. Articles exhibited against Richard Pollard, of 
Sepulchre's, near Hedon, and against Godfrey Sommerset, of Mil- 
ford. That, about the 14th or 15tli of Feb., the said Richard 
Pollard * did repaire unto the house of Elizabeth Middleton, of 
Skidby, widow, late wife of Wm. Middleton, gen., deceased, 
hee having a wife and many children, and did make suite unto 
her by way of marriage. And affirmed that his wife was dead, 
and that hee had only two sons. And further affirmed that hee 
had 500/. by the yeare at Woodhall, neare Pomfreit. And, to 
perswade her thereunto, being a stranger to his estate, it was 
agreed that Sommersett should procure a man to represent the 
person of Richard Etherington, Esq., one of the justices of 
the peace for the East Riding, a neare kinsman unto the said 
Pollard, to satisfy her concerning the reality of his estate, and 
that hee was a widower and had noe wife. The said Pollard 
hath gott divers summes of money es of the said Mrs. Middleton 
upon loane, shee beleeving the premises to bee true. And, like- 
wise, hath counterfeited and forged a deed from the said Mrs. 
Middleton, to passe away and sell the estate of the said Mrs. 
Middleton, lying neare Rippon, and sold the same. 

* A charge of conspiracy and forgery. All the persons concerned occupied some 
position in society, and it would be curious to know what was the result. The case 
will remind the reader of some of the old adventures in the Fleet. Mr. Pollard was 
so far unsuccessful in his suit that he lost the lady, as I find her spoken of as the wife 
of Mr. William Oglethorpe. I know not who this gentleman was, but if he was the 
same person who occurs in some of the more northern informations, ten or fifteen 
years after this, tlie lady had fallen out of the frying-pan into the fire when she 
married him. 




June 6, 1651. Luke Kobinson, Esq., certifies tliat the evening 
of tlie above ment^^ day he apreheuded two persons travelling on 
the backe side of Malton, who would say nothing of themselves.* 
One calls himselfe John Robinson, and did produce a printed cer- 
tificate signifying he had taken the engagement; the certificate 
was from the Com^s in the plurall number, but onely signed by 
Sir Robert Barwicke. Hee did then owne the name mentioned 
in that certificate, which was Thomas Towler. The persons did 
acknowledge they were Roman Catholiques. The other person 
who calls himself John Mannering, otherwise Gravenor, did say 
hee was a scoole-master and did teach Mvs. Mennill's children of 
Kilvington. The said John Robinson saith hee was borne att 

Thomas Toioler examined, 9th June, calleth himselfe now John 
Robinson, and saith the name hee did use yesterday was to gett 
the advantage of a pass. Denies to say where he was borne. f 

* Two suspected seminary priests are arrested at Malton. Tliere was at this time a 
great crusade against them and tliey were treated with much unmerited severity. The 
English mission was the destination of many of the young men in the college at Douay, 
and many sought their mother country merely to lay their bones in its earth. They 
were chased about and pounced upon by the executive as enemies to the State. It is 
melancholy to read the story of these bold and zealous men, availing themselves of 
every device to escape detection, disguising themselves, forging passes, travelling under 
assumed names, and undergoing every hardship for the sake of their religion. Almost 
every residence of an old Roman Catholic family had some hiding place for a priest, to 
which he could escape when the searchers were abroad. I shall revert to this subject 
in another place. 

At the Yorkshire Assizes in March, 1651-2, Robinson was convicted of being a 
seminary priest, but was reprieved before judgment. I find that he was still in prison 
in 1660, It is probable that no proceedings were taken against his colleague. 

In March 1657-8 I find that there were two other suspected seminary priests in 
York Castle, John Fairfax and George Anne. In April, 1660, they were still in prison, 
refusing to answer. Fairfax was freed by proclamation in September, 1660. His 
fellow-suft'erer had probably died in prison. 

I possess a small portrait on panel of a Yorkshire gentleman who was a missionary 
priest and died for his religion upon the scaffold, — Thomas Tunstall, of Scargill. It 
represents him with a broken rope about his neck and a knife in his bosom, an allusion 
to his death as a traitor. Around the picture is the following inscription, Thoinas 
Tunstall, pr. and stiff. Mar. 1616. Fanes ceciderunt mihi in 2'>i'uclai-{s. Spectacnlum 
facti snvms, djc. — 1 Cor. iv. 9. At the back is a little sliding panel on which is pasted 
an account, written in a very neat hand, of Mr. Tunstall's life and sufferings. It is 
taken from Mr. Knaresbrough's MSS. and is accessible elsewhere. The portrait was 
purchased at the dispersion of the family treasures of the Tunstalls at Wyclifl'o in 1812, 

t It will be seen how cautiously the accused person fences with the questions that 
are put to him. He will bring no one into trouble. Mr. Robinson, it will be seen, 
shows his zeal for the Parliament in trying to connect the priest with the royal party. 


Cannot answere Avhitlier hee have taken any orders from the 
Church of Rome. Hee mett with Mannering on Saturday last 
att M"" Thompson, the inkeeper, in Wetherby. Will not answere 
whither hee ever see him before. Acknowledgeth himselfe an 
Englishman and hath beene beyond the seas. The coats upon 
his backe came with him from beyond the seas. Hee was att 
Paris three yeares, and hath beene in England come Michaelmas 
about three yeares. Hee hath beene att Eome. Was of noe 
University in England. Doth not deny hee were of any Univer- 
sity in forrayne country s. Will not deny to have received orders 
from the Church of Rome. Hee saith often hee is unwilling to 
bring others into the bryars. Hee will not say what acquaintance 
hee hath in Yorkeshire. Hee did intend to goe to Pocklington 
last night, haveing some businesse there, but will not name with 
whome, because hee will wrong none. Hee landed att Dover 
when hee came into England. Was never in Scotland. His 
father's name was John Robinson, but doeth not know where he 
did live. Hee did see M*" Mole* in prison in Rome when he was 
a youth. 

June 9. Me-excmiined. Asked whither he were in Yorkeshire 
when the Earle of Newcastle had command there, saith hee doth 
not know. Hee hath beene in Flanders, but not in Holland nor 
Spaine. Being askt whither he hath beene with him that is 
now called King of Scotts, saith hee was with him att Paris. 
Hee did not know one Coxe in Ireland, but did receive a 
messadge from a frend who complained that Coxe had wronged 

John Mannering, saith that hee is some tyme called by the 
name of John Grosvenor, his mother being of that name. Was 
borne neere Stafford towne att a place called Hamton. Was bred 
a Roman Catholique. Served one Mr. Fowler in that county of 
the same profFession, and since hath lived with Mrs. Mennill of 
Kilvington and did teach her childeren. Hee mett with John 
Robinson att Wetherby, and stayed with him untill hee did eate 
meatt, and did not know of his comeing. They mett on this day 
sennight, and did part with him att Rippon, and mett againe 
upon Munday att Osmotherley. Hee doth now belong to Mr. 
Thomas Watterton of Walton, and doeth teach his childerne. 
Hee was araigned for the death of Robert Cooper the last Lammas 
assizes and was acquitt. Denyeth that he was in armes against 
the Parlament. Hee was goeing yesterday, when hee was taken 
att Malton, to Farburne hard by Brotherton, and saith that John 

* The well-known Protestant martyr. 


Kobinson was goeiug to Beverly, as hee told this ex'', and tlie 
said Kobinson did undertake to know the way. 



Aug. 13, 1651. Recognizances for the appearance at the next 
assizes of Thomas WoodroiFe, of Leeds, bookseller, for selling of a 
scandalous pamphlett called Linguce Testium* which (upon his 
examinacion beefore the Hon^^^ Baron Thorpe) hee confesseth hee 
received from one Mathew Keynton, a stacyoner, liveing about 
Paull's churchyard in London. 


Aug. 28, 1651. Before Luke Robinson, Esq. Wm. Blanshard , 
of Pickeriiifj, gentleman, saith, that he being att Thomas Norfolke's 
house att Whitby, one Christopher Wright came rushing in and 
sate downe att the table, and called for drinke; and did declare 
that hee was a cavaleire, and that hee was for King Charles; and 
that hee would fight hartily for him soe long as hee did live, 
though hee were hanged att the doore cheeke for itt.f 


Aug. 30, 1651. Recognizances for the appearance at the 
assizes of Edward Clegg, one of the common sergeants at mace of 

* One of the numerous political pamphlets of the time which the niling powers 
were so anxious to suppress. I haA'e never seen it. Baron Thorpe has been already 
mentioned: he was one of the tools that did so much service to the Commonwealth. 

f There was a good deal of discontent in Yorkshire in the spring and summer of 
this year, and several insignificant risings took place. In March I find that Sutton 
Oglethorpe, the younger, of Escrick (Eskirk), gentleman, was convicted before the 
commissioners of being engaged in the late plot, and was committed to Hull. In 
the same month the following persons were obliged to find securities for their good 
behaviour on the same account : John Sisson of Ilopperton, Mr. Thomas Moore of 
Knaresborough, Robert Powter and Lancelot Lamb of Little Ouseburn, Richard Ellis, 
gen., late of Plumpton, and now of Durham, Thomas Hutton of Ilopperton, Richard 
Browne and Richard Matterson of Marton, and Mr. Richard Sissons of Allerton 

Thomas Mattericke, gen. was acquitted at the York assizes for saying at Connondeli, 
on 1st June, 1651, to Francis I^evy, " Tlic King is comcing for England. I will give 
the a horse and armcs, and prefer the to a cornet's place, for I hope to have a troopc 
of mine ownc." 


Beverley, for that, atler a proclamacion published by him which 
came from Generall Cromwell, dated 19th August, 1651, he did 
say " God save the King and Parliament/' 


Aug. 31, 1651. Before Luke Robinson, Esq. John Smith, 
otJierume caUinge himselfe John Thompson,* saith hee never went 
by other names than these two ; saith, that hcc hath no certaine 
abode, but where his frends doe entertaine him for the time. 
Being askt, amongst which frends hee doeth most reside, doeth 
desire to be pardoned, because hee is not willing to wrong his 
frends. Hee saith that hee did come from Ruston in the night; 
last night from Mrs. Saier's house, there haveing beene three 
dayes; and came from IMr. Trollop's house in the bishoprike 
of Durham about a fortniglit agoe, and came on foote. Being 
askt what places hee did lodge att by the way, hee is unwilling 
to wrong his frends, yett confesseth hee lay att Yarmc att an 
alehouse, and att an house beyond Blacke Hambleton, an alehouse; 
and that hee lay att Stangrave att an ale house. Saith hee hath 
beene at the house beyond Hambleton before, butt not att the 
other houses. Hee is by profession a schoolemaster ; hath lived 

* Another seminary priest. Bishop Chaloner, in his Memoirs of tlie Missionary 
Priests, gives the following account of him : " He was one of the secular clergy. His 
name was Wilks, tho' he was commonly known by the name of Tomson. He was born 
at Knaresbrough in Yorkshire, was taken at Malton upon a market-day, and set in the 
stocks to be gazed at by the people almost the whole day, till a cutler of the town 
making oath that he knew him to be Lord Evers his priest, he was sent to York Castle, 
tried and convicted, but died before execution." 

Christopher Cooper, of Old Malton, deposes that before day he met Smith and one 
William Thompson, " goeing on the backe-side of the toune on the foote way. He 
said they came from Rushton. Travailed early, for they had beasts goeing before, but 
the beasts were not his. He then got the constable to apprehend them, and Smith 
confessed that he came out of the North, and confessed that he was Roman Catliolique 
and a schoolmaster." 

William Skelton, constable of Malton, says that the nightwatch of Old Malton 
brought the two to him as suspicious persons. " He did find popish papers about 
Smith, and the watchmen did bring small peices of paper which they said they did see 
Smith scatter." 

Luke Robinson, Esq., of Thornton Risebi'ough, near Pickering, was an active magis- 
trate and a very zealous Parliamentarian. He was bailiff and M. P. of Scarborough, 
and one of the Council of State. At the Restoration he was driven out of the House 
of Commons. He is thus alluded to in one of the old political ballads of that period. 

" Luke Robinson that clownado. 
Though his heart be a granado, 
Yet a high-shoe with his hand in his poke 
Is his most perfect shadow." 


in diverse places, butt will not name any; saitli liee is a Roman 
Catholique, and became one in tlie family of tlie Lady Anne 
Ingleby, and did live some time with old Mr. Vavasor of Hesle- 
wood five yeares, and from thence went to teaching schoUars, and 
did teach Sir Francis Ireland his children. Being askt whether 
hee did never teach in any other j)lace, hec will not answere. 
Being askt whether hee bee in orders from the Church of Rome 
or noe, hee saith hee will not say hee is or hec is not, and 
will not answere positively to that cjuestion. He saith hee was 
not beyond seas. Being askt whither a man may bee qualified 
for an ecclesiasticall person of that Church of Rome without 
hee 'goe beyond seas, hee saith hee must either goe beyond 
the seas or bee quallified by some person who comes from thence. 
Saith hee was not in prison in his life but once, being carried 
before Sir Robert Barwicke about two yeares agoe, who, upon 
examination, sett him free. Hee saith hee was then aprehended 
in Hemsley att one Daniell Emerson's house, and was aprehended 
by Major ScarfFe, and was then accused for being a preist, and 
hee did not then deny that hee was one. Hee hath beene much 
att the Lord Ewres his house in the old lord's time, but not 
since. Hee was borne in Nitherdaile in Yorkeshire, and his 
father's name was William Smith. Hee did take the name of 
Thompson, because the times were troublesome for him. Hee 
came to Mrs. Sayers only to see hir. 


Sept. 2, 1651. Before John Warde, Esq. Thomas Hanson, 
of Carelton, saith, that hee hard James Williams, of Carlcton, 
say to a sonldier in Colonell Hacker's regiment at the marching 
by ojEF the army, under his excellencie the Lord Generall Crom- 
well, " Thou prittie face, hast thou noe better fortune then to 
fight against the King?" And further said, that one oft" these 
dayes they would all bee hanged, and called them trayterley 


Sep. 23, 1651. Before Charles Fcnwicke, Esq. at Hagthorpe. 
Peter Vavasor, of Spaldimjton , Esq. saicth, that on Tuesday the 
22d of July last, about 3 or 4 of the clock in the aftcrnoonc, 
there came to his house a man (unknownc to this informant) yet 


iti gentleman's habitt, naming liimself Tempest, avIio pretended 
to come as messenger from Sir Walter Vavasor to huy a cast of 
liawkes,* and tooke occasion of much further impertinent dis- 
course, belching out sundry horrible oathes, and telling many- 
great and notorious lyes, protracting tyme untill this informant 
was very weary both of his discourse and company; which the 
said Tempest (he thinketh) perceyving, and not invyted to stay, 
about 6 or 7 a clocke towardes night tooke horse, and, with 
another man who seemed to be his servant, rode away towardes 
Howden ; and about 1 2 or one of the clock in that night there 
came to his house 7 men and horse who assaulted his house, 
attempting to break in by opening two slotts or boults, beating- 
do wne the window, which this informant hearing, hastily arose 
out of bed, not speaking to them one worde, but at an high win- 
do we wynded an home, which the assaylantes hearing one of 
them said " Sirray " if he wynded agayne he would pistoll him. 
Neverthelesse this informant went into another roome, and there 
at a window winded agayne, Avhich being heard by the assaylants 
they consulted together and went from the house ; but, after a little 
space of time, they all, together with the constable, came agayne 
to his house, charging the constable to comaund the dores to be 
opened, saying, " There is one Tempest, a rogue Avho hath a 
commission to raise forces for the King against the Parliament. 
Him we have sought an hundred myles, and this night he is 
lodged in this house; we will have him out." This informant 
then ansAvered saying, " There is no such man here; " and fur- 
ther said, " The man naming himself Tempest went from hence 
about 6 or 7 a clock in the day tyme ; and (saieth this informant) 
one of yoAv may be hee, for one of your voyces is very like to 

* What a graphic picture of a startling scene ! Mr. Vavasor tells his story with 
great simplicity, and still with considerable effect. The attack upon the house — the 
devices of the assailants — the winding of the horn at which no one dared to rise — are 
capitally described. The adventurers were more mischievous probably than malicious. 

The chief culprit, Richard Chamley, alias Tempest, alias Chambers, confesses that 
he was at Mr. Vavasor's, and says that he met some men on the evening in question, 
who went to Howden. He and his servant, as he says, passed the night in a field, 
and crossed Booth Ferry early in the morning. 

George Hagerstone, his servant, says that his master hired him at Marrick in Swale- 
dale. He was arrested at Blyth, co. Notts., and was taken to Newark, but was released 
on promising to do nothing against the Commonwealth. 

Elizabeth Bates, of Thorne, says that seven men like gentlemen came to her house 
armed with swords and pistols. One of them was Chambers, who then called himself 
Justice Mountaine of Lincolnshire, and another was Mr. Cressey. 

The constable, Richard Westobie, says that six armed horsemen called him from 
his bed, and forced him to follow them in great fear. Tempest gave out " revileing 
speaches against Peter Vavasor, Esq. because that he sleighted and did not give him 
entertaineraent as he expected, pretending that he, the said Tempest, was a peecc of a 



Tempest's." Whereat they were inraged, threatning to pistoll 
him at the windowe, and with greater violence still indeavoured 
to break in. Yet, after many attempts, and not prevayling, 
some of them said, " Come, let us take the gentleman's worde. 
Give us some beere, and we will be gone." Then this informant 
caused beere to be given them at n windowe, iintill they all (or 
so many as would) had drunke. Then they desired otes for 
their horses, but aunswere was made that there was none otes in 
the house saving a small quantity for his rabbetts. So at last, 
desiring this informant to shake hands (who so doeing) they 
departed from the house, but threatncd shortly to come with a 
stronger party, who, as lie is informed, did about break of day, 
or before, goe over at Booth's ferry. And more also saith that 
the winde was that night so faire and sylent that his home might 
have bene heard a mile, neverthelesse not one man durst make 
any helpe for want of amies to apprehend such like persons. 
Moreover this informant saith that, upon seryous examynacion of 
those passages, informacion is given by one William Smith of 
Burnby, sometymes quartermaster to Sir IMarmaduke Langdale, 
that the man which to this informant named himself Tempest, 
his name is not so, nor Farmer, but Chambers, noAv or late living 
at Wawton, a minister's sonne, and sometymes also quartermaster 
to a captaync of the adverse party. 


Oct. 2, 1651. Before Thomas Hudson, Mayor of Beverley. 
Bettrice Hvglies saith, that upon the 24th of July shee heard 
William Bewick of Beverley, currier, say " I will drinck a health 
to Prince Charles, King of Scotts, and to his good successe into 
England, and to the confusion of all his enimics;" and thereupon 
drunck a silver beaker full of ale. After which the said Bewick 
wished Thomas Stockdalo to pledge him the said health, but he 
refused ; whereupon the said BcAvick puld of the said Stockdale's 
hatt from his head, saying it was a health that deserved to be 



Dec. 8, 1651. Before George Eure, Esq., N.R.Y. William 
Carmichell and David Greij, Scotchmen,^' say that they came into 

* Two Scottisli gentleman who had been in tlie Royal army and were making their 
w.ay back to their own oonntry. They were arrested as suspicious persons by the 


England with the Scotish army, under the commaund of Charles 
Stuart, and that one of them, Sir William Carmighall, was ser- 
vant unto one Sir Daniell Carmikell, and other. Sir David Grey, 
was servant unto the Earle of Lauderdale. They confess that 
they weare in the towne of Worcester, when the English army 
came down against it, but denie that they were souldiers, only 
attended upon the aforesaid gentlemen. They say they weare 
taken prisoners by the cuntry people neer Bradford, and weare 
committed by the maior of the said towne ; and tliat they had 
libertie given them to departe from the towne by the maior of 
that place, about a moneth since. 


Jan. 23, 1651-2. Before Henry Tempest, Esq. Hester- Spivy, 
of Hothersfeilde^ itnVWo?^',* saitli, thatt upon Thursday last she went 
unto the milne, and, att her comeing home att night, Elizabeth 
Johnson, her servant, told her thatt Hester France had beene at 
her howse, and, she mending the fire with the firepoite, the sayde 
Hester sayde, itt was a good deede to seare her lipps with itt, 
if she thought anie thing by itt ; and soe went out of the house, 
but came in againe and cursed the sayde Elizabeth, and prayed to 
God that she shold never bake againe. And the sayde Elizabeth 
told her thatt she thought the sayde Hester had bewitcht her; 
and then this informant answered, she hoped she had a better 
faith then to feare either witch or devill. And, after they was 
gone to bedd, the sayde Hester made a greate noise in her 
sleepe, insomuch that she affrighted this informant; and, in the 
morning, she bidd her goe to some neighbors to see if her eare 
rootes were not downe, but they were not downe. Thereupon 
the sayde EUisabeth lay herself downe upon a bedd, and, this 
informant presently following her, she sawe that she cold not 
speake, and takeing her into her armes, she cold not stand, and 
soe she continewed speechles from six a clock untill betwixt eight 
or nine in the evening, saveing thatt she spoke once to her 
brother. Wliereupon the sayde Hester France was sent for, and, 
she being come, the sayde Elizabeth spooke to her, and catched 

country people near Bradford. They had escaped from the ''crowning" victory at 
Worcester. Florea I fidelis civitaa ! 

* Another case of witchcraft out of the West Riding. The girl, no doubt, was 
seized with catalepsy. One witness declares that Hester France had been a reputed 
witch for above twenty years. Another says that when he went to take her to Elizabeth 
Johnson's house she was very unwilling to go. 



att her, and sayde "Thou art the woman that hath deard me,'^ 
and soe scratched her, since which the sayde Elizabeth is some- 
what better, but still continewes very ill. 

John Jolinson^ of Hothersfeilde, the younger, saith that Robert 
Cliif is now very weake and sick, and hath beene sick this halfe 
yeare. And this morninge the sayde Robert sent unto the con- 
stable of Hothersfeilde, and desired him to send the sayde Hester 
France unto him; and she being come into the chamber he 
scratcht her very sore, and sayde, " I thinke thou art the woman 
that hath done me this wrong;" and then she answred and sayde 
that she never did hurt in her life. 



Apr. 15, 1652. Before Henry Tempest, Esq. Thomas Ger- 
o'cird, of Hallifcuv, saith, that, about a moneth after the batle att 
Worcester, Joseph Bannister tolld this informant that he had 
taken one Collonell Carr, a Scotchman, prisoner, and that he 
was to have 501. to convey him into Northumberland to Mr. 
Haslerigg's at Fellton bridge, whoe maryed the sayde Collonell 
Carr's sister. 

Elizabeth, unfe of John Astin, of Hallifax, saith, thatt before, 
att and after the tyme that the batle was att Worcester, betweene 
the English and Scottish armies, she wayted upon Joseph Ban- 
nister's wife, being then in childbedd: and, upon the Friday 
night before the Scotts fledd by Hallifax, she went home to 
her owne house; and when she retourned to the said Bannis- 
ter's house, she founde there a man who confessed himself to 
be a Scotchman, and called himselfe Collonell Carre, and that he 
was kept there and at Edward Barrowes of Scircoate for the space 
of a moneth. 


Apr. 29, 1652. At the gcnerall sessions holden at Beverley 
hall garth, before Francis Thorpe, one of the Barrons of the 

* Two Halifax men arc charged with harbouring an officer of the Royal army. 
Colonel Carr was a Nortliumberland gentleman and was making his way into the 
North after the battle at Worcester. Bannister and Barrowes were prosecuted for en- 
tertaining him and not giving him up. Bannister has already appeared in this volume 
witii a charge against a Mr. Clay for attempting to poison him. 


publique Exchequer, Sir Wm. Strickland, Kt. and Bt., John 
Anlaby, Durand Hotham, Chr. Ridley, Eichard Pearson, Richard 
Robinson, Phillipp Saltmarsh, Hugh Bethell the yonger, Francis 
Carliell, Thomas Stireing, Edward Wingate, Charles Fenwicke, 
and John Pearson, Esquires, keepers of the peace, and also 
justices by the keepers of the libertie of England by authoritie of 

William Archer, of Etton, yeoman, on Feb. 3, 1651-2, did 
speake these false and malicious and scandalous wordes, at Cherry- 
Burton, saying the Parliament were traitors and bloodsuckers, 
and that they had taken off the King's head and intended to 
take oiF his son's, but the Lord had blessed him out of their 



July, 13, 1652. The Grand Jury presents William Elrington, 
late of Beverley, gent,,t for writing a challenge to Thomas 
Hudson, Maior of Beverley, in theis words following: " Sirrah! 
you have in your apprehension putt mee to disgrace ; it is not 
your sheepskinns will repaire you. I expect satisfaccion from 
you this night, otherwayes I will proclaime you a coward. I 
scorne your basenesse, therefore I rest, my oAvne, not yours, — 
William Elrington." [Indorsed thus:'] " To Thom-as Hudson 
theis.'^ And alsoe the said William Elrington did speake to the 
said Thomas Hudson in theis words, " Come out, and give me 
satisfaccion, or I wilbe revenged on thee." 

* The country sessions, it will be seen, were, during the Commonwealth, of more 
consequence than they are now. The East Riding Sessions were presided over by a 
Baron of the Exchequer, who happened to be the Recorder of Beverley. 

The oifender was an unfortunate Royalist. He was not alone, however, in his 
wishes. In 1657, James Atkinson, of New Malton, innkeeper, was charged with 
saying at Kirkby Moorside, on Dec. 20, " I will drincke a health to three of the best 
Englishmen which are out of the nation;" — meaning the princes of the blood 

In 1647, Henry Revell, of Rotheram, clerk; Wm. Crofts, of Uoncaster, yeoman; 
and Robert Browne, of Rotherham, yeoman; were charged with publishing a blas- 
phemous and seditious libel called the Parliament's Ten Commandments. The libel 
consists of a most profane and wicked parody of the Lord's Prayer, the Creed, and the 
Ten Commandments. Revell was fined 50^., and the other two lOOL each. 

t An amusing ebullition of revenge. A gentleman, who bears a Northumberland 
name, sends a challenge to the Mayor of Beverley, who had offended him. The 
result is not a combat, but a committal to the assizes. The mayor was, probably, a 



July 18, 1652. The Grand Jury presents Mary Fisher,* late 
of Selby, spinster, for that she on that day, being tlie Lord's day, 
did, openly in the parrish church, spcake unto Kichard Calvert, 
clerke, minister there, being in the pulpitt and preaching, these 
words " Come downe, come downe, thou painted beast, come 
downe. Thou art but an hireling, and deludest the people with 
thy lyes." 


Whearas it is cleare by the law of God, and the law of reason, 
that a tenth of oure corne and hay, in kinde, ought not to bee 
paid to preist or impropriator; and that hitherto wee have 
beene cheated by names and pretences of tithes law, and trible 
dammages without right or reason.f 

First. "Wee, whose names are hereunto subscrybed, doe, in the 
first place,_ protest against all pracktise in that kinde, past or to 
cume, as sinfull, ungodly, and distructive. 

Secondly. And, therefore, in the second place, wee doe resolve 
and promiss to each other to reap and receive into our owne 
hands all our cropps of corne and hay, as well the tenth stacke 
or cocke as the other nyne, which the blessinge of God upon our 
labors and cost hath sent us, for the mantenance of our famylyes, 
and doinge other duetyes to the Common-welth and neighbour- 
lioode that is to bee dune by us. 

Thirdly. Wee will waite with patience till our representative 
inable us to recover reparations for those, robberyes, which, under 
the notion of tythes, have beene drawne from us by them Avho are 

* The culprit was probably a quaker, and at this time it seems to have been a part 
of the creed of this singular body to insult the ministers of the church in every possible 
way. She pleaded guilty at the assizes, and was fined the large sum of 200/. 

At the York assizes, in August 1663, Henry Thornton, of Selby, was bound over to 
keep the peace for insulting Francis Sherwood, clerk, in the church, during the cele- 
bration of divine service. 

t A singular case. The constable of Knottingley boldly takes upon himself to decry 
the payment of tithes. He writes a paper against them, putting his name to it by way 
of warranty. He then sent his servant with it to the common cner of the village 
who proclaimed it, ore rotnndo. The consequence was that much mischief was done! 
Many persons entered into an agreement to withhold their tithes from Mrs. Hamond, 
to whom they belonged, until she had proved her title. Others refused to pay. When 
the tithes had been set out by others in their fields to be carried away, Svkes had sent 
his cart and removed them for the use of the tenants. 


as able as good Zackkeus (if as honest) to restore fowerfbuld, and 
then to learne that good lesson of the Apostle — that havinge 
stolne may steale noe more, but labour that they may bee helpfull. 

Fourthly. Wee, as bound in ducty by the bond of neighbour- 
hoode, doe hereby bynde ourselves mutually to each other, to the 
utmost of our power, and as God shall inable us, to defend and 
save harmelesse each other from all opposers or opposisions which 
herein shall bee. Wittness our liands, at Knottingley, the 26th 
July, 1652. — WUlicmi Si/kes. 

All good neighbours that getts ather hay or corne, and shall 
bee molested by theeves or robbers, otherwise called tithmongers, 
by foresinge ather stacke or cocke from of your grownde, knowe 
yee that, accordinge to my bounden duety, upon your notisse to 
mee given, I shall to the utmost of my power and place, as God 
shall inable mee, presarve you in both. Knottingley, the 24th 
July, 1652. — William Sykes, constable. 


Aug. 1, 1652. The Grand Jurors present that, on that day 
att Everley John Peacock, of East Ayton, gent, did drinck a 
health on his knees to the late King, and did say, in the hearing 
of many people, " I hope the sunn will once agayne shyne on 
mee. There are fortie thowsand cavaleirs coming into England, 
and upon their coming I will make some persons rue it." 


Aug. 24, 1652. Before Sir Richard Darley, Kt. Robert 
Hickson, of New Malton^ clarke, and preacher of the loord there, 
saith that one Jaine came unto the towne of New Malton about 
thre weekes agoe, and hath indeavoured by delusion to drawe 
his people away from him,* and told the people that he was a 
blind guid, a theife, and a robber. Upon which occasion a great 
number of the people are drawne from comeing to the church 
to heare sermons, and doe usually abuse him and call him a 
theife and a robber, and doe raile against the ministeriall function. 

* A very singular case. The accused person, whose surname is unknown, must 
have been labouring under some extraordinary religious delusion. She seems to have 
been a kind of revivalist, and to have made a very great sensation at Malton, where 
there was at this time a more than ordinary number of weak and credulous people. 
She may perhaps have been a member of the Family of Love. 


Uscella Stevenfion, of A^ew Malton, saith, that she did see the 
said Jaine give a youuge girle a drinke out of a botle, and then 
immediately the girle did fall downe, and one standing by tooke 
her upp aiid held her up; and the said girle cryed " Downe with 
it, away with it; " and there was many in that roome and other 
roomes that were lyeing; and she was so frighted with the girle's 
falling downe so suddenly that she came away, and doth not 
knowe what became of the girle; and she hath heard many crye 
in the night time. 

Anthonie Beedall, of HindersJcelfe, saith, that he was goeing in 
Gauthrope laine, where he meet with one Jaine on Tues- 
day was a fortnight (this on Sep. 3) with six others there, at a 
yaite in the said laine, where the said Jaine told him that he was 
sinnefull, and had an evill spirritt within him. He told her that 
he did knowe that he was sinnefull, wherevipon she did bid him 
followe her, and she would lye his sinns before him ; and soe he 
went alonge with her to the woolds to Litlc DriiFeild feilds, and 
there they did rest themselves, and she did there give him a 
drinke out of a wainded botle, which will hold about a potle of 
wine ; and the said drinke did make him very sicke, and she told 
him when he was sicke that the spirritt began to worke upon 
him, and he was in a kind of trans for about two houres; and 
then the said Jaine told him that, if he would stay with her, she 
would show him Christ and his twelve Apostles, and, if he would 
fast fortie days and fortie nights, he should be as good as Christ. 
And he had a desire to goe home, and the said Jane bid him be 
sure that he came not into a boote, for if he did the boote would 
sinke with him, and alsoe said that he might goe thorrowe the 
water and not be in any danger. Soe he came away, and came 
over the water about Hutton-upon-Darwent; and soe comeing 
neare home he laide him downe on Hinderskelfe east moore, 
where his brother and Mr, Jackson's man found him, but he did 
not knowe either of them. And soe he came home, and was not 
right in his sences for fowre or five days after she gave him that 
drinke, but had a great desire to goe to her againe, but his 
freindes prevented him. 

Thomas JJowslay, of New Malton, saith, that his wife doth 
usually resort to Roger Hebden's house, and doth not come home 
never a night untill twelve a clocke, and some nights not at all. 
And his son Thomas doth denie his true obedience unto him, 
and denies that he is any more to him then any other man. The 
said f Jaine is a wandering person, and an instrument of the dis- 
turbance of the whole towne, and she is the onely instrument of 
draweing his wife and son from him, and she is the cause of 


tumults and assembles at unseasonable times of the night; and, 
as it is credably reported, she hath had three bastards. 

Anthonie Wrujlit, of We.'itow, clarke, and jjreachei' of the word 
there, saith, that upon the 8th of August last, being the Lord's 
Day, he was goeing into Firby feild, where he did see a great 
many of people assembled together, being neare thirtie there; 

and, as he was goeing by them, one Jaine fell upon him 

with violent teannes, and told him that she was glad that she 
meet with him, and said that he was a seducer of the people, 
and that he was damned, and that he was a preacher for hire, 
and cryed out " Wo, wo ! " and threatened him that he was in 
danger of his life. 

Major Baildon, of New Malton, saith, that the said Jaine hath 
by delusion drawne the affeccion of his wife from him, soe as he 
canott kcepc her at home for this Jaine, but she doth delev/d 
and drawe her away; and he hath wanted her many days and 
one night, and often she hath corned into his house at unseason- 
able times at night home ; and she saith that she ought not to 
ownc him any more then another man. He went to Roger Pleb- 
den's house, and found the said Jaine and his wife amongst a 
hundred people, and he desired his wife to goe home, and she 
said that she would not goe, neither could she goe. And some 
of that partie thrcAV him violently downe the stares, and putt 
him in danger of his life, and strooke him on the brest. 

William Wat.so7i, of New Malton, saith, that she was an instru- 
ment of a tumult the last Lord's Day in ovir chappell, which had 
almost caused a mutinie amongst the neighbours. She is rash in 
condemneing many whome she never sawe before, saying they are 
all dammed, and especially, one time, himselfe. And she un- 
civilly abused our minister, Mr. Hickson, and told him he was a 
rogue, robber, theife, deceiver, swine, drunkard, and beast. 



A true bill against Elizabeth Hutton,* spinster, for that on 
Sep. 9, 1652, " she did obstinately misdemeane herselfe, and un- 
civilly reprove the justices there assembled, and did openly say to 
the justices of assize upon the bench, ' Come downe, thou blynde 
beast.' " 

* An insult to the judges upon the bench, made, probably, by a quaker. In these 
days the judges have more sense than to resent such outbursts of rage or insanity. 

58 WEPosiTiONis, i:tc. 


March 17, 1652-3. Before Wm. Adams, Esq. Joliu Jonson, 
of Reednes, saitli that one Elizabeth Lambe,* at severall times, 
hath appeared unto him Ijy night, at his bed side, and an old man 
in browne clothes with her, at which he was very much affrighted, 
but had not power to speake to her. And that after the first 
time she did appeare to him, his goods fell sick, and the farrier 
could not tell what disease they were ill of He hath heard other 
of his neighbours say that they have received losse in theire 
goods, which they did conceive this Eliz. Lambe to be the awthor 
of, and that they also did beat her, and was never afterwards dis- 
quieted by her. 

Thomas Renneni, constable of Ret'i/ncs, saith, that he had a child 
sick in 1651, and his wife said, " I fearc this wife (meaninge 
Eliz. Lambe) hath wronged my child," and then, not long after, 
his wife meeting the said Eliz. at her owne doore, she did fall 
downe on her knees, and asked her forgivenesse, and the child did 
soone after recover. 

Nicholas Baldwin, of Rednes, beinge sicke in bodye, saith, 
" This Eliz. Lamb, about the year 1648, drunde me thre youno-e 
foles ever as they were foled, by witchcraft. Sir, 1 did beat hir 
with me cain, and had it not beene for my wife, because she sat 
dounc of hir knesse and aske me forgivenes, 1 had bet her worse." 
■ John W7'eight was with one Richard Browne of Reednes in the 
time of his sicknes, and he said that he was cruelly handled at the 
heart with one Elizabeth Lambe, and that she drew his heart's 
blood from him, and did desire this informant to send for her to 
come to his house, for he desired to scratch her, saying that she 
had drowne blood of him, and, if he could draw blood of her, he 
hoped he should amend. And she, being brought by a wile, the 
said Browne said, " Bes, thou hast wronged me. Why dost thou 
soe? If thou wilt doe soe no more I will forgive thee.'^ And she 
answ^ered nothing. He then scratched her till the blood came, but 
within a weeke after he died ; and all the time of his sicknes he 
complained to this informant that if he died at this time Eliz. 
Lambe Avas the causer of his death. 

* A ridiculous case, and yet the guilt of the accused person would bo firmly be- 
lieved throughout Marshland. How sensible are the remarks of Lord Keeper Guild- 
ford: "If a judge is so clear and open as to declare against that impious vulgar 
opinion, that the devil himself has power to torment and kill innocent children, or that 
he is pleased to divert himself with the good people's cheese, butter, pigs, and geese, and 
the like errors of the ignorant and foolish rabble, the countrymen (the triers) cry, This 
judge hath no religion !" 



May 13, 1653. J3efore Thomas Stockdale, Esq. Thomas 
Warrijner, of Knaresbrough, ch/er, saytli, that, about eight 
Aveekes since, this informer was workcingc together with his 
brother Symon Warryncr in his father's workehouse, and his sayd 
brother expressed imto him that he had bcene for the Kinge, and 
would be still for him ; and told him that, when he was a souldier 
in Knaresbrough castle, he kild one of the Parliament's party 
in his father's orchards out of the castle. And this informer 
sayth that his brother hath made and pend a song with his owne 
hand about halfe a yeare since, the contents whereof beinge to 
this eftectt; that he wisht all gallant souldiers to display their 
banners and sett Kinge Charles in his right againe.* 


July 7, 1653. Before Kobert Walters, Esq. Richard Bicker- 
dike, of Rippon, yeoman, "f saith, that he did summon "William 
Lumley of Oarleton Miniott, George Daggett, Gregory Jackson, 
and John Pibus, as free holders capitall of the county, and was 

* A man accuses his brother of treason ! The siege of Knaresbrough had taken 
place some years before this. One would like to see a specimen of the poetical ability 
of the Knaresbrough muse. 

t A very extraordinary case, and one which it is difficult to explain. A person from 
Ripon goes to London on some business of his own and falls into the hands of a fellow 
of the name of Elslyott, who makes him his tool. The papers to which Elslyott's name 
is affixed, at first sight, give one the impression that he was a madman or a fanatic, 
but, with all their absurdities, they are methodically drawn up, and have reference to 
a definite object. 

When Bickerdike returns to Ripon he sets to work to find freeholders who will 
join with him. The depositions of three aregiven, Gregory Jackson, of Sandhutton, 
William Lumley, of Carleton Minniot, and George Daggett, of Howe. The following 
papers show that Bickerdike pushed his canvass for freeholders in a businesslike way. 

"July 30, 1653. By vei'tue of a warrant directed to me Richard Bickerdike, of 
Rippon, agent appointed for the county of Yorkeshire, to summon threescore free- 
holders of the same for the suppressing of sequestracions, excise, and tythes payeing, 
whereof I thinke you able for the discovery, to meet me at Thomas Clarke's his house 
at Topcliflfe, the 7th of July, there to receive further instruccions. Yours, Rich. 
" To William Lumley, of Carleton Miniott." 

" Fourth of July, 1653. Whereas I am informed by Humfrey Russell, of Thornton 
Steward, that Mr. Humfrey Chamlen, of the same, is old, sickly, and not able to 
travaile to London, as a man summoned by me Richard Bickerdike, of Rippon, 
agent for the county of Yorkshire, by a comission to him directed, itt is desired that 
he may be excused from that service. Humfrey + Russell." 

It is not known what became of this case or the offender. 


to summon tlirescore freeholders, as aforesaid. And lie had his 
warrant and comission from one Thomas Elslyott, Esqr., armeger, 
or conqueror of the Long Robe. Being examined how he came 
acquainted with the said Elsliott, he said that, haveing occation 
to London aboute one Thomas Simpson's businesse, he addresed 
himselfe to the said Elslyott, whome he heard was readye to 
despatch much businesse. And the said Elslyott did dispatch his 
in relation to Thomas Simpson, and sent downe a commission, 
and wee gott itt executed. And further saith that thereuppon 
the said Elslyott gave him the said warrant or comission, which 
he once or twice refused, yett, after, accepted the same. And he 
conceiveth that Elslyott durst not have named the generall in his 
warrant, if it had not beene for the good of the contrey. And 
the paiper sent to William Lumley of Carleton Miniott, as a 
sumonse or warrant, was of this ex\^ owne writeinge. 

Gregory Jackson, of Sandhutton, yeoman, saith, that about the 
3d of July, Richard Bickerdike, of Rippon, clarke, came to this 
informant's house and inquired for him, whose servants answered 
he was gone abroad. He then sent for him and on his coming 
he told the deponent that he had authority to sumon him to 
London. Who answered he was unfitt for a London jorney. 
Then the said Bickerdike told him, he tooke him to be an able 
and fitting man to goe about such a busines as the takeing away 
of tythes, excise, and sequestracions. He this informant demanded 
where the said busines was to be gone about ; the said Bickerdike 
answered, he was to meet him at Topcliffe upon the 7th of July 
last, being the faire day, at one Tho. Clarke's house, and then he 
should have further direccions. At which time this informant 
mett the said Bickerdyke, and there desired a sight of his autho- 
rity, for his summons. Then the said Bickerdyke replyed that 
he mvist come on Thursday next to Rippon, and there he should 
see his authority. Then this informant answered he would not 
come there, nor follow him up and downe at his pleasure. 

Jan. 9, 1651-2. These presents shall assure whome it may 
concerne that I, Thomas Elslyott, Esq., and member of Jesus 
Christ, and a free borne person of the English nation, and a free 
person of the same Comon wealth, and Esqr. att Arms, and Con- 
queror of the gentlemen of the long robe (nowe or late Sathan 
of this Commonwealth), by God's providence, his owne inocencye 
and sufferings, and by the justice of the honorable Lord Cheefe 
Justice Rolle, and the rest of the reverend Judges of the Upper 
Bench, sittinge before the Keepers of the Liberties of England, 
by authority of Parliament in Westminster, have, and hath, 
hereby constetuted and appointed Richard Bickerdicke, of Fame- 


ham, in the county of Yorkeshire, gent., to be the agent for the 
Commonwealth and army in the said county, by speciall direccons 
from the said Esqrs. superiors; the said Esq. giving unto the said 
Kichard Bickerdike, a new sworne person unto the generall 
armye and Comonwealth, lawfull power to execute all such trusts 
for the benefitt and safetye of the said county, and generall peace 
and tranquilitye of this present Commonwealth and county, ac- 
cordinge to those instrucions the said agent shall receive from his 
Exelencye's councell of warr and Esqr. att Arms, and noe other 
wise. And, for his wages, for his paines in the premisses, there 
is allowed unto him the said agent, the dayes wages of two 
shillings and sixpence per diem. Wittnes my hand and seale the 
day and yeare above written. Thomas Elslyott, Ar. Ar. Conq. 

Instr'uccions to be observed by Richard Bickerdike in Yorke, 
touchinge the causeinge of the people to joyne with the 
armye to take of the taxes therefore and burthens of 
that county. 

First. You are to gett any freeholders hand to the peticion 
presented or to be presented to the House for that purpose, and, 
especially, that justice and mercy may be done freely in the 
Comonwealth. Then you are allwayes to have the number of 
20 or .30 good able men, or their sonnes, who have with civil ac- 
comodacon of short swords and pistolls to be readie uppon a dayes 
warninge, when the peticon shall be delivered to the House by 
the generall or the armye on their behalfe, to advance itt, and 
that it is the full sence and desire of the county in cheife. And, 
together with the peticion to the Parliament house, there must 
be a peticion drawne in the same manner to the generall and his 
his great councell of warr, to be a meanes to gett your peticion 
read and granted in the Parliament house. And assure them 
that if they doe follow your councells and beare your charges, 
you will have nothing for your paines of them, if you misse ot 
your markes, and untill your workes done. And aboute the latter 
end of Wliitson weeke, as you receive instruccions from me, they 
must move upp to London. And this is all at present. Thomas 
Elslyott, Ar. Ar. Conq. 

And, for further instruccions and civill distinguishmcnt thereof, 
uppon subscripcion of any person who shall be convicted by the 
agent to be a Caviller in hart, Presbiterian, or any who stands for 
tithes, his retorne shall be the parties owne subscripcion, butt with 
tliis instruccion over the same, C. for Cavalier, P. for Presbiterian, 
and T. for stander for tithes, to the end his Excellencye's Coun- 


cull and Esqr. may the better know how the severall Bubscribei'S 
stands efFected.— Thomas Elslyott, Ar. Ar. Conq. 

The declaracion of the Esqr. att armes. 

Forasmuch as the Barrons of the Exchequer, and other Judges 
of the Commonwealth of England, have in their predicature made 
a doubte whether the Parliament be desolved or not, it is de- 
clared that the Parliament is dissolved, and that all the accons 
of Oliver Crombwell, Esqr., Captain Gcnnerall of all the English 

forces, be just, honest, and legal!, and that he honest man 

in whatsoever he enterprized in the And if any person or 

persons shall, by any collor or whatsoever, attempt or 

question the authority of the Lord Generall Cromwell, or disturb 
the pease of this nation, the free borne persons of England, imdcr 
his protection, will callc him to a severe accompt. Wittness, 
Thomas Elslyott, Ar. Ar. Conq. Dated the 7th of May, 1653. 

To the right honorable the Generall and officers of the army 
sittinge att Whitthall. 

Tlie humble peticion of Richard Bickerdike, of Farnham, gen- 
tleman, agent of the county of Yorke, in his owne behalfe and 
the rest of the freeholders, persons of the said comity. Sheweth, 
that whereas since his Exelencye's last declaraccions of the 22tli 
of Aprill, and of the last of Aprill, 1653, wee, haveinge taken 
notice, both of the desolucion of the late Parliament, and alsoe of 
the greate care your honors have provided for our safety, tran- 
quility, and good, for which wee doe retorne your honors humble 
thankes, approveinge all your accons, therefore wee doe hereby 
make bould to present our desires unto your honors in few words, 
that is, that your honors would take cognizance of the unsupport- 
able taxes and excise of our country, togcither with the unneces- 
saryncss of payment of tithes before the new representative of the 
well affected persons, unto your honors proceedings be called in 
to the supreame judicature menconed in his Excellencye's last de- 
claracion. — Thomas Elslyott, Ar. Ar. Conq. 


S. A. Robert Watters,* of Usburne, was bound to his good 
behaviour att the last assizes; he hath since then gone with apold 

* The families of Walter and Dickinson both arose into consideration through trade 
in York. In the Rebellion they took opposite sides. Hence the feud described in 
tlic deposition. Dickinson was M.P. for York during the Commonwealth, and held 


axe in his hand, and beene seene neare the house of Thomas 
Dickinson, Esquier. That on the 6th of March, being the Lord's 
day, he came to the church of Kirkby Usborne, where he had not 
beene of eight moneths before but once, and, although his owne 
usuall pew doore was open and none in it, yet he, on purpose to 
picke a quarell, or doe some harme, as was conceived, to the said 
Thomas Dickinson, Esq., or some of his family, did passe by his 
owne pew and came to the said Mr. Dickinson's pew, and, finding 
the dore lockt, he did climb over the same and satt in the pew, 
and att Mr. Dickenson's coming thether, imediatly after, with his 
wife and other friends, the said Mr. Watters refused to give them 
place, but continued ther still, which did affright Mr. Dickinson's 
wife, soe as the said Mr. Dickinson was forced to call the constable 
and order him to sitt in the said pew with them all sarmon tyme 
to prevent danger. The said Eobert Watters haveing beene in 
arms against the Parliament, and an inveterate enimy to them 
and all there freinds, hath demeaned himself very insolently 
against the said Mr. Dickinson, in so much that he did require 
him to find suretyes for to keepc the peace, which he not only 
refused, but, being upon that occasion in the presence of Mr. Dick- 
inson, did demeane himselfe very peremtorily and uncivilly, and 
without takeing any notice of him as a justice of peace, did in a 
scornefull manner sitt downe with his hatt on. 


July 8, 1653. At Beverley. Thomas Casley,*sheereman,yvsis 
borne at Kendall. Sayth, hee dwellt with God, and was comanded 

liigh civic honors, whilst Mr. Walter was under a cloud. The tables were turned at 
the Restoration. 

The feud between these two gentlemen was brought before the Judges of Assize in 
March 1652-8. Watters was ordered to be discharged from custody; and Sir Robert 
Barwick, Sir Richard Darley, Robert Walters of Cundall, Esq., and Henry Bethel of 
Alne, Esq., were appointed arbitrators between them. 

* Two Quakers are arrested at Beverley whilst attempting to disseminate their 
opinions. They had fastened one of their papers to the market cross, and others were 
found upon them. The offence might be punished under two distinct acts of Parlia- 
ment. First, that against unlicensed and scandalous books, passed on Sep. 20, 1649, 
and that passed on August 9, 1650, against atheistical and blasphemous opinions. The 
printed books that were taken from the prisoners are, curiously enough, bound up 
with the depositions. Naylor and Farnworth were great lights among the Quakers, 
The pamphlets are as follows : 

1. A single printed sheet, imperfect, beginning " Oh, all you hireling priests, cursed 
lawyers, and corrupt magistrates, take notice." Folio. 

2, " A niscovery of Faith ; wherein is laid down the ground of true faith, which 


by God to witnesse fortli the trutli of God, and sayth that he fixt 
the printed paper npon the market's crosse in the said towns.. 
He sayd the end was knowne to God, and divers other printe' 
papers of the same nature founde aboute him, and allso sayd that 
the Bible and Scripture was not the worde of God, but a fire and 
a hammer. 

Elizaheth Willimnson, sayd, " Thou dost not know the place of 
my birth." She came into these partes by the will and power of 
God, and would give no further accounte. Shee sa3ftli that John 
Harwood, by whom the printed paper is signed, shee loved him 
so farre as Christ was in him, and the said printed paper, with 
others, had to sell. And being askt the price of one of them, 
she answered a halfe penny. She had a husband in the flesh 
called John Williamson, and hee is by trade a chappmau of 
kottans at Kendall. 


Feb. 16, 1653-4. Before John Assheton and Koger Coats, Esqrs. 
John 2atterso7i, of Gargreave, saith, that, about a forthnight after 
Christmas last, he was disabled in body; and one night in his 
father's house hee was troubled with ill spiretts, who would have 
advised him to worshippt the enemye. Whereof all were invis- 
able, saveinge Ann Greene.* Butt this informant replied, " The 
Lord giveth, and the Lord taketh awaye, blessed bee His name." 
for he would give noe waye to their perswasions, though they 
tormented him att least foure times. Whereuppon this informant 
went to the said Ann, tellinge her that hee was perswaded that 

sanctifieth and purifieth the heart, and worketh out the carnal part. Shewing the way 
that leadeth to Salvation." London, 1653. By Rich. Farnworth, a Quaker, with an 
address at the end by '' James Nayler, a prisoner at Appleby in Westmorland for the 
truth's sake." pp. 16, 4to, 

3. " A brief discovery of the kingdome of Antichrist, and the downfall of it hasteth 
greatly. Written by (R. F.) one the world calleth a Quaker, in March 1653." 
pp. 22, 4to. 

4. " Moses' Message to Pharoah, or God sending to the heads of England, to undo 
the heavy burdens, to let the oppressed go free, to servo him in the wilderness. By 
Rich. Farnworth, a Quaker, whose name is written in the book of life." 4to. j 

All these printed papers arc with the depositions. ' 

* A reputed witch or wise woman gets into trouble. These poor creatures made this 
kind of life a trade, and found it to be a very ren)unerative one. A little knowledge of 
medicine, a little mysticism, and a few fortunate but accidental cures, would make a 
reputation, and the benighted country folks would flock to her in shoals. It was to 
the interest of the mediciner to keep up the delusion out of which she made her lively- 
hood. This old woman's medical creed was not a ditbcult one. It had some very 
ludicrous articles. The use of the hair of the ."ick person is derivable from classical 


she could helpe him, beeinge pained in his eare. The which 
disease shee told him that blacke wooll was good for itt, but he 
said that that was not the matter. AVhcreuppon she loosed the 
garter from her legg, and crossed his left eare 3 times therewith, 
and gott some heire outt of his necke, without his consent. And 
he askeinge her what she would doe therewith, shee tould him 
what matter was that to him, shee would use it att her pleasure; 
goe his waye home and care nott. But, goeinge home, hee was 
more pained then beefore, and returneinge to her he told her to 
looke to itt or hee would looke to her. Where uppon shee crost 
his eare 3 times againe, and promised hee should mend. And, 
accordingely, hee did, some corruptible matter runinge outt of 
his eare as itt did amend, 

Jenett Hudson, of Gargreave, saith, that Ann Greene told her 
that Thomas Tatterson was overgone with ill tongues, and that 
hee should have one side taken from him. 

Margaret Wade saith, that her doughter Elizabeth, beeinge 
laid uppon her bedd, fell a loughinge, and this informant runeinge 
to her took her upp, and she said that she saw a great bitch with a 
dish in her mouth, haveinge two feete, and that she sate one the 
bedstoope. And afterwards she said shee saw three doggs that 
came and scrapt aboute her bed, and said that Ann Greene was 
one of them, and Mary Nunweeke the other. 

Ann Greene saitli, that she sometimes useth a charme for cure- 
ing the heart each, and used itt twice in one night unto John 
Tatterson of Gargreave, by crosseinge a garter over his eare and 
sayeinge these words, " Boate, a God's name," 9 times over. 
Likewise for paines in the head she requires their water and a 
locke of their heire, the which she boyles together, and afterwards 
throwes them in the fire and burnes them ; and medles nott with 
any other diseases. 


Aug. 4, 1654. William Catlin, dark, minister of Crambe, 
saith, that, about a month agoe, John Pickring,* of Crambe, 
yeoman, upon some discourse concerning tythes, in the yard of 
the said Pickering, burst out into these words: " Thou prayest," 
speaking to this informant, " in thy Babilon pulpit, against us 
humble saints. Dost thou think I will pay the tythes to main- 
taine thy pride ? Thou prayest every Sonday for the upholding 

* A fanatic who speaks his mind pretty freely to the minister of Crambe, 




the beast who is lahie from his first principles." And this in- 
formant asking him " What beast, John ? I pray every sabath^ 
for my Lord Protector, as I have done and ever will." The saidj 
John replyed, " I, that's he, he is but an idoll. I acknowledges 
no outward Protector; myne is heare, heare," striking himselfej 
with his hand upon his heart. " Thyne is a devill; I acknow-.l 
ledge no outward law. This government we are under, to be 
ruled by a few councell men and one man, is tyrannicall. The 
justices you run to are tyrants. Look how it was betweene King 
and Parliament; so you shall se it againe; they fell from words 
to blowes and to blood, and so it wilbe againe." 


Aug. 19, 1654. Before Alex. Johnson, Esq. Chr. Farkinson, 
of Slaidhurne, the elder, saith, that, aboute the 8th or 9th day of 
March last, hee was in company att Slaidburne with one John 
Day, of Newton, and Kichard Leigh, of Birkett, which said John 
beinge then one of the churchwardens did demauntl a church- 
lay of the said Leigh, whereupon he answerd that hee would pay 
none : but the said Day tould him that if God did blesse the Lord 
Protector, and the lawes of this nation did stand, hee would have 
itt of him : att which words the said Leigh replyed, " Is Cromwell 
gott to bee Lord Protector ? if hee be my Lord Protector hee will 
sell us all, as the Scotts sould the Kinge for silver, hee haveinge 
beene alwayes a soldier of fortune." 


A true bill against Andrew Hudleston,* of Button John, 
Esq., for saying at Hutton John, on Sept. 1, 1654, " The Parlia- 
ment sitts downe on Munday next, and I thinke it is butt a 
course Parliament that the Lord Protector hath chosen. And if 
I had the keye of the Parliament house in my keeping, I would 
keepe both him and them till hee had cutt their throats, or they 

"•■• The culprit was fined 40/., a sum which was afterwards reduced to 20^ Jlr. 
Huddleston was one of the staunchest Royahsts in the North of England. All his 
estates were taken from him by the Pailiament, with the exception of Hutton John, 
in Cumberland, which was tied up by a marriage settlement, but it was sequestered 
until the Restoration. His son, Andrew, became a ProtesUmt, and took a very de- 
cided part against James II. Mr. Huddleston, when he speaks of the key of the 
Tarliament house, had in his mind a well-known historical event. 



Oct. 14, 1654. John Greencliffe, of Beverley, sayth, that on 
Saturday last, about seaven in the evening, Elizabeth Koberts* 
did appeare to him in her iisuall wearing clothes, with a ruff 
about her neck, and, presently vanishing, turned herself into the 
similitude of a catt, which tixed close about his leg, and, after 
much strugling, vanished ; whereupon he was much pained at his 
heart. Upon Wednesday there seized a eatt upon his body, 
which did strike him on the head, upon which he fell into a 
swound or traunce- After he received the blow, he saw the said 
Elizabeth escape upon a wall in her usuall wearing apparell. 
Upon Thursday she appeared unto him in the likenesse of a bee, 
which did very much afflict him, to witt, in throwing of his body 
from place to place, notwithstanding there were five or six persons 
to hold him downe. 


Oct. 18, 1654. Before John Hewley, Esq. Nicholas Poole 
of Selbi/, sayeth, that Ellen Waude of Selby, widdow, about 
halfe a yeare since, aboute the time when the late conspiracy was 
had against the Lord Protector, being with this informant and 
his wife in his owne house, said all in the army were rogues, 
and she hoped to see all those rogues perish; and she further 
said she hoped to see my Lord Protector come to an evill end; 
and then presently claping her hands togeather in a rage and 
passion, said, " Let the rogue (the Lord Protector) looke to 
himselfe, for there are rodds in pickle for him." 


Jan. 14, 1654-5. Before Martin lies, Alderman, and Francis 
Allanson, of Leeds. Thomas Baxte7\ of Copgrave, saith, that 
on or about the 24th day of December last, (beeing the Lord's 
Day,) hee beeing clerk of the church of Copgrave, and haveing 
the keyes of the church doore, missed a bell,t which he verily 

*' The woman was the wife of a joiner at Beverley, and denied any knowledge of 
what is charged against her. 
t The bell at Copgrove church is stolen. The buyer says that he purchased the 



beeleeveth at that tyme, or at some tyme the weeke beefore, was 
stollen out of the said church-steeple, in regard hee then found 
the said church doore unlocte, and the lock bended, which the 
Sunday beefore hee had lockt. Haveing informacon that a bell 
was to be sould at Leeds, and mistrusting it to be the stollen 
bell, he repaired thither, and, comeing to the howse of one 
Francis Powell there, to whom he heard the bell was sould, 
found there severall peeces of a bell, which diee verily beeleeveth 
was parte of the same bell soe stollen, in regard the smith lately 
beefore lyeing a band of iron upon the said bell, some parte 

pieces of Robert Sawrey and Elizabeth Watson at id. per pound. Watson denies 
this, and says that the fragments were bought at Bolton or Tickhill Castle. Subse- 
quently the woman confesses that the proper name of Sawrey is Barnard Bumpus, 
that he is her father-in-law, and that she heard him say the bell was stolen from Cop- 

The following account of the experiences of a bell-founder at Durham will amuse 
some of my readers. It is taken from the unexplored mass of depositions in the 
chancery at Durham. 

Aug. 19, 1635. Cicilie, wife of Cuthbert Cartington of Durham, gentleman, aged •-. 
26, says that she knew Humphrey Keene, a belfounder, who, about 4 yeai-es agoe, did 1 
cast bells att Durham, and, amongst the rest, two bells for the church of Staindropp; ^ 
and, when one of those bells was in casting or runing, the sayd Humfrey, wanting 
mettall for the same, came to the complainant's house, which was his host house, and 
gott and tooke of her one brass pott, a brazen morter, two great chargers, 2 other 
puter dublers, 2 chamber potts, 2 quart potts, and 2 candlesticks; all which the sayd 
Humfrey did there estymate to cc. weight, and promised the complainant either to give 
her soe much mettall in liew thereof, or to pay her in money soe much as the same was. 
She has heard Keene say that he was to have of the defendant Toby Ewbanck 28^. 
for casting the said Staindropp bells. Keene came to remeyne att her house about the 
first of August, 1631, about Lammas gone 4 yeares, where he soe remeyned by the 
space of a yeare and halfe, or thereabouts. And he had 2 chambers, and washing 
and wringing for himselfe and 3 of his men ; and for there dyett he did agree to give 
her soe much for a joint of meate, soe much for butter, and such like, which she 
provided and made ready for them, and hee was to pay her att the week end. Shortly 
after the said Keene his goeing from Durham one Tho. Sheffeild, bailiff of the Deane and 
Chapter of Durham, did distryne certayne bell mettall and worke geare then remayneing 
in a chist in the guest hall att Durham, which the said Humfrey had left behinde 
him, which did weigh cc and halfe a hundreth and 12 pound weight or thereabouts; 
and then the said mettall with the sayd worke geere was putt into the said chist 
agayne, and lock upp, and the key delivered to Elias Smyth, and the chist caryed 
into Dr. Gierke his kitchen in the colledge. The defendant Tobye Ewbancke, 
haveing afterwards gotten the sayd chist and mettall to Tobie Brookin's, had it caryed 
away to Staindropp, but she gott it stayed. Before the said Humfrey his going from 
Durham he did procure James AVatson to write a lettre to the defendant Ewbancke, 
to pay him, the sayd Watson, soe much money as he was oweing him, which was 
about 8/. She did hire one to carry the sayd lettre to the sayd Tobye, who returned ' 
this answeare by the mossinger by word of mouth, that he liad no tyme to write, but 
as soone as he could gott the jiarishioners and chirchwardens together he would send 
tlie money. And afterwards the sayd Humfrey and Toby Ewbanck meeting on the 
pallace greene the sayd Himifrey was greived, as itt seamed that ho could gett noe 
mon(7 of the sayd Toby for making his furnaces and such things for c.a.sting the sayd 
bells ; and soe the sayd Humfrey parted from him, saying in anger in this deponent's 
heareing, that if he wold not lett him have money he would send theme home there 
boll with a silver lace about her britch. 


thereof was broken of thereby, which he bringing alonge with 
him, and joyneing and corapareing the same with the other 
peeces in Powell's possession, found it just to supply and fill up 
upp the place out of which it was broken; and, as hee verily 
beeleeveth, the words Micliaell th'archangell, was engraven upon 
the said bell. 


Jan. 11, 1654-5. Before John Hewley, Esq. Henri/ Hate- 
feild, of Rhodes, par. Rodwell, gent., sayeth, that about August 
last, Katherine Earle * struck him on the neck with a docken 
stalke, or such like thing, and his maire upon the necke also, 
whereupon his maire imediately fell sicke and dyed, and he him- 
selfe was very sore troubled and perplexed with a paine in his 
necke. Whereupon Ann, the daughter of the said Katharine, 
seing him so pained, tould him, " Doth the divell nipp the in the 
necke? but he will nipp the better yet."" And the said Kathe- 
rine hathe beene searched, and a marke founde upon her in the 
likenesse of a papp. And the said Katherine clapt one Mr. 
Franke, late of Rhodes, betwenc the shoulders with her hand, 
and said, "You are a pretty gentleman; will you kissemee?" 
Wherupon the said Mr. Franke fell sicke before he gott home, 
and never went out of doore after, but dyed, and complained 
much against the said Katherine on his death-bed. 


A true bill against Thomas Johnson of Ripon, John Hudsey 
of Ripon, gent. Chr. Terry, barber, and Wm. Kettlewell, saddler, 
for having on July 5, 1654, broken the park of Sir Charles 
Egerton, Kt. called Markinfield Park, and chased, killed, and 
wounded the bucks and does.f 

* Another case of witchcraft. The accused person was committed to the assizes 
by Sir John Savile. A witness says that Mr. Franii languished for three years. The 
woman was examined by the women of the village, and two witch-marljs were found 
upon her — a wart behind her ear, and another upon her thigh. 

What relation was Mr. Hatfield to Martha daughter of Anthony Hatfield of Laugh- 
ton-en-le-Morthen who was supposed to have been bewitched!^ A curious little 
book was published about her case by her uncle, James Fisher, vicar of Sheffield. 
Mr. Hunter, in his History of South Yorkshire, gives an interesting account of the 
whole affair. 

t The number of deer-parks was at this time considerable. They would afford 



July 1 7 , 1 654. At York assize, before Hugh Wyndham, one of 

the justices of assize. Thomas Baynes,* of Twisletou, gentleman, 
being sequestred for his delinquency and recusancy by the 
Comma's at York, did upon the 26th of Feb. 1652, by wryteing 
and words say that the said Comm'"'' did basely and falsely and 
indirectly proceed against him in sequestring his estate, and that 
they had dealt knaveishly and rogueishly with him. That, upon - 
the 27th of Feb. 1652, beeing the Lord's Day, hee did most falsly 1 
and unjustly read a scandallous paper in Ingleton church before 
the congregacion, full of malityous invectives against the said 
Comm". and prohibiteing any persons, at their perills, for medleing 
with or giveing assistance to the agents of the said Comm"^ in 
the sequestracion of his estate. That, on the 10th of Nov% 1653, 
he did say that Alderman Geldart, the present Lord Mayor of 
Yorke, was the basest fellowe that ever trode upon a shooe of 
leather, and that hee never exchanged tenn words with a baser 
rogue in his life, and that the Com'^ for Sequestracions weere all 
of them caterpillers, and that there was a punishment reserved 
for such, and that the country all thereabouts weer satisfyed that 
they weere all knaves and rogues. 

great temptations that were not always resisted. It must be remembered that the 
native deer were still very numerous in Yorkshire. 

A true bill against Henry Bright of Wharlow, gen., Stephen Bright, of the same, 
yeo., Roger Robuck, of the same, joiner, and Cornelius Clerk, of Cathorp, co. Derby, 
gen., for breaking into " the forrest of Thomas Earle of Arundell, called Riveling 
Forrest " on 21 July, 1659, and killing a stag. 

1661. George Dickinson convicted of stealinge deare out of Sheffeild Park. To 
be imprisoned. 

1662, Apr. 8. Henry Burley for coursing, hunting, and killing of deare in Tan- 
kersley Parke. 

1666, 20 July. Thomas Dodsworth of Morearre and three others for breaking 
Markinfield Park and killing deer with greyhounds. 

1675. John Canby, of Spofforth, John Wilson, of North Deighton, gen. and 
others, for killing a doe in the park at Allerton Mauleverer, the property of Sir 
Thomas Mauleverer. 

* Mr. Baynes may well be pardoned. The word " caterpillars " was a very appro- 
priate term to apply to the sequestratoi-s, for they did eat up many an honest gentle- 
man's estate. Whilst the Commissioners were at Durham they were disturbed in 
their work. They ran away and left their books behind them. These manuscripts, 
which shew their already perpetrated, as well as intended, enormities, arc preserved 
in the fine library of the Dean and Chapter. 

Mr. Geldart was a man who had made his own fortunes and had chosen the 
winning side. 

On the 30th of March, 1650, one Rich.-ird Atkinson was charged with saying in 
the castle-yard at York " that all sequestrators were villaines ; and, though he liimself 
was lame, yet if hee was on horsebacke hee could beate five such Roundheads." 



Marcli28,1655. Before Thomas Dickinson, Esq. Jo siah Hunter, 
minister of both Ouseburnes, saith, that, upon the last Lord's day, 
being 25th of March instant, one Christopher Bramley,* of 
Whixley, came, as he had done severall Sundays before, to the 
parish church of Litle Ouseburne at the time of morning service, 
when he said to the informant, passing by him into the church, 
"Thou art going into the throne of pride;" and afterwards, 
being in the church he, the said Christopher Bramley, most irre- 
verently behaved himselfe, not moving his hat all the time of 
the first prayer and singing of psalmes before sermon, but sat in 
the porch and spake to diverse as they came in, to the disturbance 
of them; and, after the informant had nominated his text, which 
was 119 Ps., 105, " Thy word is a lampe unto my feete and a 
light unto my path," he the said Bramley standing up said, in 
the hearing of the informant and one William Peele, " Where 
was the word? the word was not then written or but in writing;" 
with much more that could not be distinctly heard by reason of 
the noise of the people, who, being greatly disturbed as well as 
the informant, rose up in their seates and turnd themselves 
towards him who made the disturbance. Immediately the 
churchwarden put him the said Bramley out of the porch and 
lockd the doore upon him, yet he came againe and cast in a 
paper through a hole in the doore conteining much slanderous 
and reviling matter, which appears by the writing ready to be 
produced by the informer upon demand. The informant saith 
likewise that, about sixe weekes agoe, he the said Bramley came 
on the Lord's day in the afternoone into the parish-church of 
Great Ousburne in the time of sermon, when and where he did 

* A case of brawling. The minister commits liis deposition to writing and hands 
it in. The paper which Bramley thrust through the keyhole is also inclosed. It is a 
long address to the parishioners and ministers of Useburne, full of ranting and railing. 

At a visitation in 1590 I find the following presentments from Little Useburne : 

" They had no sermons this last yere. They have a general communion at Ester, and 
no oftner. Richard Scatcherd a suspectid sorcerer, A great tumult was made in 
ther church by Umfrey Ward, who, pretending to be parish dark, although in truth 
he was not, wold not be put furth by Launcelott Matterson and Richard Jackson, 

From Aldbrough this singular presentment is made : " Henrie Robinson and Wilfrid 
Ingland, for behaving themselfes disorderlie in service time in piping, dauncing, and 
playing, Mr. Hudesley, ther vicar, being then preaching. Simon Condall plaid the 
foole the same time in a fowle's coat ! " 

We know very little indeed of the real history of the Church of England aa it may 
be illustrated by the conduct of the country clergy and the state of their parishes. 


likewise not a little disturb the informant preaching on that place 
of Scripture 8 Luke, 18, " Take heed how you heare," audiblye 
contradicting the informant with words to this purpose, " Thou 
hast noe such command or authoritje." After sermon alsoe he 
stood in a daring manner in the time of prayer and singing part 
of a psalme and giving the blessing, and afterwards remained 
most of an houre in the churchyard, labouring still to cause more 
disturbance, and deteining many people about him, as if it had 
been a place of marketting, to the great abuse of the Lord's 
day, &c. 


Aug. 11, 1655. Before Edward Briggs, Esq. Thomas 
Waller, of Brongh, saith, that one Charles Kilpin, of Crosbie 
Kavenside, clarke, hath beene an eniraie against the Common- 
wealth ever since the begininge of these unhappie distraccions ; 
and he did confesse, in this informant's heareinge, that he was 
a private intelligencer by the State in the yeare 1648 ; and, a litle 
before this last insurrection, this informer heard him say in Fe- 
bruary last that the Lord Protector was a traitor, for he had taken 
away the King's life, and hoped in a litle time that the Lord 
Protector and all that tooke his parte would come to a shamefull 
end, and that they were but rogues and tlieeves that tooke his 
parte. And the said Charles Kilpin hath passed severall times 
to and from the toppe of Stainemore to meet his brother Tobie 
Kiplin, another grand enimic against the State, about a month or 
three wcekcs before the insurrection, with a resolution, as this 
informant verily believes, to know when the Yorkshire and 
Bishopricke men would rise. 


Aug. 12, 1655. On this present day, John Loft,* of Whingate 
Wood, came into the church of Newton Kime, in the tyme of 
divine service, and duringe the tyme of praier before the sermon 

* This information is signed by the members of the congregation. 

George Barker, of Tailcaster, innholdcr, says that on 25 July, 1()54, a Sunday, Barbara 
Siddall interrupted Mr. Wm. Warren wliilst preaching in Tadcaster cluirch, "utteringe 
speeches of her owno; soe much that the said ]\Ir. Warren was forced to forbeare 
preaehinge, and to oomo out of the pulpitt; at whose conieinge forth she told him that 
the Bible was not the "Word of God, but onely a dead letter." 


preaclied by Mr. Thomas Clapham, minister there, stood up with 
his hatt on before him, and did three tymes interrupt him, sayinge 
the prayers of the wicked were an abomination to the Lord, and 
bad him cease. And, when the sermon begun, he further said he 
was an hyrelinge and preached for wages. He was carryed forth 
of the churcli by the constable and churchwardens there. 


Aug. 13, 1655. Before Edward Briggs, Esq. Margaret 
Euhanke, of Stainemore, and Captain Thomas Euhanke, her 
husband, say, that, on the 20th of February last, beinge with 
Wm. Richardson, minister of Brough, and James Richardson, 
his brother, they said that both her husband and she Avould lose 
both life, lands, and goods, within a little time, and all the rest 
of the Parliament's party that have beene against the Kinge, the 
lawfull heire of this kingdome, unlesse they would revolt within 
three moneths time. They would be laid lower then ever yet, 
and they deserved death, and they and such like had beene 
suffered too longe. 


March 26, 1656. Before Thomas Burton and Francis Sisson, 
Esqrs. John Ardseij, ckrke, and Rohert Miller, say, that they 
heard Richard Browne,* of Cleaburne (co. Westraerland), say 
that the army were all plunderinge rogues and cowards, and that 
they had never corned to the passe they were at, but only that 
their army (meaninge the King's army which he was in) had 
some or other in it still to betray them, but he hoped to see an 
ill day for them all. And tliat he said the Lord Protector was a 
murtherer, and, if he and his states had their due deserts, they 
deserved all to be either hanged or headed, for they had both 
headed the Kinge, and hanged many gallant and better men than 
themselves, only for gettinge their estates, that they might live in 
pride, as now they did, and kept a company of rogues, excisemen, 
and, such like, to abuse the country still. And that he further 
sayd that if he did but know how to come privatly to the Lord 
Protector, and his states, that it might not be knowne, he did 

* Browne was fined 10/. and was ordered to be kept in prison till the money waa 
paid. The fine was subsequently reduced to 51. 


sweare, God d— — him, body and soule, if he would not cutt all 
their throats; and againe he wished that he had them all in an 
hott burninge oven, he did sweare againe, God confound him, if 
he would not sett up the stone and burne them all to death. All 
which words were spoken by the said Browne, upon the 26th day 
of June, 1655. 


June 7, 1656. Before Jo. Warde. Richard Jackson, of Wahe- 
feild, sayth, that, he beinge tennant to Mr. Stringer, of Sharlston,* 
for a farme called by the name of Bunny hall, nyare Wakefeild, 
one Jennett Benton, and George Benton, her sonn, pretended to 
have a high way thorough the grounds belonginge to the said 
farme; which one Daniell Craven, servant to the informant, and 
by his mayster's appoyntement, did indevor to hinder. Upon 
which the said George Benton did cast a stone at him, the said 
Craven, wherewith he cutt his overlipp, and broake two teeth out 
of his chaps. Soe, an action beinge brought against the said 
Benton for the trespass, which was submitted unto by him, and 
indevors used to end the difference, which was composed, and 
satisfaction given unto the said Craven. After which, the said 
Jennett Benton and her sonn did say that it should be a deare 
day's worke unto the said Rich. Jackson, to him or to his, before 
the yeare went about. Since which time his wife haith had her 
hearinge taken from her; a childe strangely taken with fitts in 
the night time; himselfe alsoe, beinge formerly of helthfull body, 
have beene sudcnly taken Avithout any probable reason to be given 
or naturall cause appearinge, beinge sometimes in such extremity 
that he conceived himselfe drawne in peices at the hart, backe, 
and shoulders. And, in the begininge of these fits, the first night, 
he heard a greate noyse of musicke and dancinge about him. The 
next night, about twelve of the clocke, he was taken with another 
fitt, and, in the midle of it, he conccved there was a noyse like 
ringinge of small bells, with singingc and dancinge, and sometimes 
both nights a noise of deepe groneing; upon which he called of 

* Another of these absurd cases. The accused persons deny the charge in toto. It 
is quite possible that some attempt liad been made to alarm the inmates of the house, 
and thus to induce them to desert their quarters. The treatment of the Parliamentary 
Commissioners at Woodstock is a case in point. 

Some time ago strange sounds were heard in a house near Newcastle, which were 
so peculiar and unusual that it was altogether deserted. It was found afterwards that it 
was built over one of the old workings of an adjacent colliery, in which some smugglers 
had ensconced themselves, and were working an illicit still. Inile sonvff 


his wife and asked her if she heard it not, and soe of his man, 
who answered they did not. He asked them againe and againe 
if they heard it not; at last he, his wife, and servant, all heard it 
give three hevie groones ; at that instant doggs did howle and 
yell at the windows, as though they would have puld them in 
peeces. He had also a great many swine which broake thorrow 
two barn dores. Also the dores in the howse at that time clapt 
to and fro; the boxes and trunkes, as they conceived, was removed; 
and severall aparitions like black doggs and catts was scene in the 
house. And he saith that, since the time the said Jennet and 
George Benton threatned him, he hath lost 18 horses and meares. 
And he conceives he hath had all this loss by the use and practise 
of some witchcraft or sorcerie by the said Gennet and George 

Si(sanna, wife of Robert Maude, of Snow hill, saith that Jennet 
Benton came downe to her house to seeke her son George Benton, 
and asked him if hee would goe home with her. He answered, 
" Mother, which way shall I goe? You know I can goe thorrow 
the stone wall if yow would have me." And further said, that 
either his father or the divell came to their house and tooke up 
the iron tongues and strooke upon the iron range. And said that 
the thing which soe came to their house range soe all times of the 
night. To which the said Gennet said, "Villaine, did it ever doe 
the any hurt? it will doe soe at the noone time." 

Two other witnesses testify to suspicious circumstances against 
them; the two accused deny all. 


July 12, 1656. Before Thomas Brathwaite, Esq. Ann Duf- 
feild arid Mary Wilson, of Studley, spinsters, say, that Elizabeth 
Mallory, daughter of the Lady Mallory, of Studley hall,* beinge 

* A case which, from the social position of the victim, would make a great sensation 
in Yorkshire. The evidence is of the most contemptible description. William Wade 
denies the accusation against him and so does his wife. She says that the only time 
she gave Miss Mallory anything was three or four years ago, when Lady Mallory and 
her children came down to her house, and she gave them a dish of nuts. There are 
some ludicrous points in the narrative. Miss Mallory always knew when the fit was 
to be a severe one. What an idea to make a person confess a ci'ime of which she was 
not guilty, and then for the sickness to depart ! 

The lady was a daughter of Sir John Mallory, Kt., M.P. for Ripon, a Colonel of 
Dragoons in the Royal Army, and a very distinguished Cavalier. She became the wife 
of Sir Cuthbert Heron, of Chipchase, Bt. and, at his decease, she remarried Ralph 
Jenison, of Elswick, Esq. I am indebted for this information to " A Genealogical and 


of the age of 14 yeares or thereabouts, hath layd these twelve 
weekes languishinge, haveing the use of her limbs taken from her; 
beinge not able to rise from her bed, but as she was helpt; and in 
that tyme holden with strange fitts, sometimes in her arraes and 
leggs, and moste parts of her body. Now, of late, within thre 
dayes, in one of her fitts she cryed out and saied, " She comes, 
she comes." And beinge asked who it was, she replied, " Mary, 
Mary." And the said Ann Duffeild namelnge diverse Maryes 
with their sirnames, which she had formerly knowen, unto her, 
she did not any way alter in her carriage till she named one Mary 
Waide. And, upon that, she skreaked and cryed oute, " She 
comes ! she comes ! Nowe she sitts yonder in the windowe like 
a catt." And once she said, " She is a tall woman att the bed's 
feete." And since the tyme of the nameinge of the said Mary, 
she hath vomited severall strange things, as blottinge paper full 
of pins and thred tied about, and likeAvise a lumpe of towe with 
pins and thred tied aboute it, and a peice of wooll and pins in it, 
and likewise two feathers and a sticke. And when she was tolde 
by the said Ann that she had vomited the feathers and sticke, 
she said she sawe them this morneinge in her hands. And 
beinge asked by the said Anne in whose hands; she said, " in 
Mary Waids:" and tolde what feathers they weere, though when 
she was oute of her fitts she could not tell that she was in any 
such fitt. And in her fitts she sayd and cryed oute that if she 
would confesse but in thre words that she had done her wronge, 
she should be well. Whereupon the said Mary was sente for 
and, after much intreatie, beinge perswaded to say she had done 
her wronge, and to aske her forgivenesse, which she did, the said 
Elizabeth stood upp on her feete, though imediately before her 
limbs were drawen upp that she could not stir, and sayd she was 
well, and walked upon the bed. But, presently after, the said 
Mary Waide denyed that she had done her wronge. Where- 
upon the said Elizabeth sayd, " If she denyes it, I shall be ill 
againe:" and presently begun with her ill fitts as formerly. And 
in moste of her fitts since, she sayd she should never be well till 
she had confessed she had done her wronge, or was carryed before 
a justice and punished. 

Anne Duffeilde, o'e-examined, on July 16, says, that this day 
Mrs. Elizabeth Malory Avas in an exstreame fitt of sicknesse for 
the space of two howcrs. And this informer, with others, beeinge 
with her, demanded of hir what she see aboute hir in that fitt. 

Biographical Memoir of the Lords of Studley," compiled by my friend Mr. Walbran, 
of Ripon. It was privately printed in 1840, and there was only an impression of 
twenty copies. 



And the said Mrs. Elizabeth Malloiy answered that shee see two 
catts, one blacke and one yellow catte. And they demaunded of 
hir what they weare, and she replyed " The women that sente them 
weare at Rippon, which yow well know." And further shee said 
" William " once or twice. And this informant demaunded of 
hir "What William?" and she replyed she knew not, but onely 
trusted in God; and desired them to pray with hir; which the 
company did. And then she named William and Mary, but 
when they named William Wayde she was paste holdinge, her 
extreamaty was such, and cryed out " William Wade thou ter- 

Mary Mealhancke, of Studley Magna, informeth, that, aboute 
the first of January laste, she beinge in the dearry or milkhouse of 
Studley, Mary Wayde came in to the said house : and Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Mallory beeinge present, and haveinge a peice of breade in 
hir liaunde, the said Mary Wayde desired her to bestow the said 
peice of breade xipon hir. This informer replyed that breade was 
noe novelty in Cristmas ; whereupon the said Mary answered that 
" your breade is novelty at any tymes;" and pressinge still upon 
hir to bestowe upon hir, after she haid demaunded it three tymes 
the said Mrs. Elizabeth Malory gave it to hir. And she thanke- 
fully received it, and tould hir that they weare very curteous 
gentlewomen. And beinge demaunded of this informant whether 
she conceived the said Mary Wayde was soe importunate for the 
peice of breade for wante or noe, she saith that for divers yeares 
bypaste she haide beene there neighbour, but she coulde not 
perceive but that there house was furnished with breade and good 
breade. She further saith that the said Mrs. Elizabeth Malory, 
if she had beene reedeinge upon hir booke, or upon discourse at 
any tyme betweene hir fitts, she woulde have leaft of, and would 
have given notice to the company with hir that she was to have 
a fitt, and would have expressed directly Avhether it would have 
beene a great or an easie one, and it would have happenned 
accordingly. She further saith that Mrs. Elizabeth ]\Ialory 
affirmed that after they weare both comitted to prisson, that is to 
say, the said Wm. Wayde and Mary his wife, shee should have 
noe more sore fitts. Which, accordingly, after she was assured 
certaynely that they weare both in holde, she was freede from 
hir fitts; and hath soe contynewed for above a fortnett. And 
before that tyme she haid them contynewally, very many every 
day for the moste parte. And this informer further saith that in 
the exstreamety of hir fitt she cryed out, " Now she comes, Mary 
Wayde, Mary Wayde, Mary Wayde !" 

William Wayde, of Studley, saith that this day (July 16) he 


was at worke, and was sent for to goe to tlie Ladye Mallorye 
aboute 12 or one of the clocke in tlie afternoone. And he went 
to the said Lady Mallorye, whoe desired him to aske hir daughter, 
whoe then lay sicke, forgivenesse, and to repeate some words aftir 
hir, or some other gentlemen which Avas then present, but he ■ 
denied to do soe. He had noe pins in his hand. He saith that 
at that time that he was theire the Lady Mallorye gave order to 
shut two kats with a peice and he heard the peice goe of. And 
then the Ladye and others theire desired him to goe oute of the 
roome, which he did. He saith that Mrs. Elizabeth Mallorye, as 
he is fully e perswaded, is possesed with an evill spirit, which is 
the cause of hir presente mallady and sicknesse. And he is cleare 
of all and every accusation that now is laid against him bye the 
Ladye Mallorye or any other person whatsoever. 


July 22, 1656. Before Roger Coats, Esq. Thomas Danby, of 
Kighley, clarcke, sayth, that yesterday, beeing the Lord's day, 
Agnes Wilkinson came into the church of Kighley, and at the 
closse of the exercisse, shee called him Antichrist, preest of Balle, 
flasse prophitt, with other revilleing languages.* 


May 30, 1657. Before Luke Robinson, Esq., N.R.Y. Eobert 
Awderson, gentleman^'\ saith, that, about a fortnight before last 

* The persons who disturbed the clergy at this time were, for the most part, Quakers. 
It was otherwise, however, in the following instances. 

s. a. Paull Dawney, for disturbeing Mr. .To. Lindley, minister of Snaith, m hee 
Was preaching. Committed to the Sessions by Sir John Dawnay and William 
Adams, Esq. 

A true bill against John Walker, of Mayneby, labourer, William Walker, of Kirkby 
Wiske, yeo., and Jane Burnett, of Newsham, for interrupting Seth Elcock, clerk, 
whilst he was saying prayers in the church of Kirkby Wiske, on 14 April, 13 Car, II. 

26 Nov. 1663. Before Tobias Jenkins and Richard Robinson, Esqrs. Thomas 
Howseman, of Wheldrake, says, that yesterday John Mai-shal came into Wheldrake 
church and disturbed the preacher, saying the Lord had sent him. 

\ A remarkable deposition. It would be most interesting if it could be shewn that 
Charles II. was in Yorkshire in disguise. Yasey, perhaps, had been talking too freely. 
Robert Stamper, of the Marrishes, gen., deposes that Vasey told him " that hee thought 
hee should bee a captaine, and that hee could have men enough under him." Vosey 
denies having said anything of the kind to any one. At the assizes nothing was done 
to him, but it was left to Luke Robinson, Esq., to decide about sureties and bail. 
Vasey was bound over to good behaviour, himself in 40^., and in two sureties of 20/. 
each. They were discharged in July, 1658. 


Christenmas, he was rydiug forth upon a grey gelding, and 
Mathew Vasey, the elder, of the Marrishes, mett this informant 
in the said Vasey's ground. And this informant told Vasey that 
he had been to shew the said horse to one Mr. Kirby. And 
Vasey replyed, hee was a very handsome horse, and, if he would 
give that horse to King Charles, it would bee five hundred pounds 
in his way another day. And the said Vasey did tell this infor- 
mant there were three men who came from Bridlington -ward, the 
other day, over about that place where his, the said Vasey his 
dwelling is ; and one of those men was thought to bee King- 
Charles. And that the said men went to Allerston to a house 
there, which hee did then name; but this informant hath for- 
gotten the name of the house; and said the said men did lye 
downe on a bedd there, and gott some potchett eggs, and went 
before day northward upon horses, each of about ten pounds price. 


Aug. 21, 1657. Thomas Tayler,* at Appulby, did openly say 
to Francis Higginson, preacher there, in the publique place of 
meeting, " Come down, lyar, for thou speakes contrary to the 
doctrin of Christ, for Christ hath said, sweare not att all," 
whereby hee did not only molest the said Francis Higginson, but 
alsoe did cause greate tumult and disturbance amongst the people 
then and there present. 


Sep. 24, 1657. Before Edward Briggs, Esq., J.P. co. West- 
nierland. Whereas George Ottway did acciedenteley meate with 
one George Harieson, who by his simplisiteys did discover him- 
selfe to be one who was imployed either for the Poppe or for 
Charles Stuarde, to imbroyle this nacion in bloude, and to wage 
warr against his Heignes the Lord Protecter. And the suteltey 
of the divell havinge putt the said George Harieson f into a dis- 

* He was fined 3^. 6s. Sd. 

f A curious case. It was not deemed a matter of much importance, as the culprit 
was set free by proclamation in 1658. Mr, Otway, of whom the magistrate does not 
speak in a complimentary manner, was a member of a good Westmerland family and 
makes a capital signature, whatever was the state of his mind. Mr. Briggs was the 
person, I believe, who plays a part in the romantic and well known story of the adven- 
ture of Robert Phillipson, Esq., better known by the name of Robin the Devil. 


guise of selinge tobacco in England, with an iutencion to ingage 
severall percons of qualiety in this qiiariell, the aforesaid George 
Ottway, being by the worlde caled a madman, but then havinge 
his wittes about him, did discover that the foresaid Harieson was 
a comon I'ogge, and woulde have tempted him to his owne dis- 
truction, that is to say to have .... him to have gone to Charles 
Sturde ; sainge that he had seine the faice of Charles Sturde aboute 
foure weekes agoe. Uppon which the said Ottway did repley 
that he had foure good geldings and woulde gladle have beine 
with Charles Sturde. Upon which the said Harieson tould me 
that he woulde carie me to him within 3 weekes time. And then 
the said Ottwey in his Heignes the Lorde Protector's name did 
appriehende the said partey upon heigh treason. 

Lassie Procter, of Treason feild, gen., saith, that beinge in 
company with George Harrison in Sedbergh, he heard him say 
1. That the Lord Protecter is a traitor, and all that take his part 
are traitors. 2. That the dregs of a Papist was to good to make 
Protestant off. 3. That Fox* (meaninge the grand Quaker), 
was one in religion with him. 

Gawen Mosse, heard Harison say that he served a better 
maister then ever the Lord Protecter was. Further, that he came 
from beyond sea, and saw Charles Stuard within a month before, 
and, if Mr. Ottway would be pleased to goe, he would show him C. 
Stuard in a months time. 


Apr. 26, 1658. Before MatthcAv Beckwith, Esq. George 
Baine, of Lahourne, felte maker, saith, that he did calle Christo- 
pher Flouer, of North Couton, trator. And he did replye and 
said he whould furnish six caveleares to feight against my Lord 
Protector,! ^^d. hee hoped to see the day to wash his hands in my 
Lord Protector's bloode, and that shortlye too. 

* In Jan. 1660-1, clivers persons were bound over to prosecute Thomas Wigles- 
worth, of Slaidburne, " touching a scandalous paper conteyning slanderous words 
against his Majostye, subscribed by George Fox the younger, found on and published 
by the said Wigleswortb. George Fox was imprisoned for a long time at Scarbrough. 

f The prisoner was bound over to keep the peace. Cronnvell, it will be seen, was 
not free from the censure of the people. 

A true bill against William Leng, of Beilby, yeo., for saying at Poeklington, Feb. 
2, 1649-50, " The Commons of England are fooles, and I scorne ther govemement. 
Cromwell is the sonne of a whore." 

June 9, 1654. John Field, of Thornton (in Craven), heard Lockley Allerton say 
"The devill confoundc Cromwell and all his partaker:*, for he is a traitor. I drinke a 
health to his confusion, and you are all traytors that refuse it.'' 



July 22, 1658. Sir John Savile,* of Lupset, Kt., indicted for 
not repairing the chancel of the church of Wakefield. 


July 25, 1659. Izrael Wayd, of Leeds, clothworkcr, Peter 
Mason, Peter Jackson, and Mathew Potter, of Leeds, cloth- 
workers; indicted for using an hott presse. 


The Grand Jurors present that on the 15th of October, 
1659, Alexander Lambert, of Richmond, husbandman, said that 
hee, as he came to the assizes at Yorke, was together with one 
Lancelott Dent, att the house of William Elslay, gen., in Mel- 
merby. And the said Elslay told him he had a comission from 
Charles Stuart to be captaine of a troope of horse in Sir George 
Booth t business, and proffered him a corporall place. And that 

* He was knighted by Charles I. and was High Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1649. An 
interesting account of I^upset and the Saviles is to be found in a privately printed 
work of the late Historian of South Yorkshire, of which I possess a copy, " Antiquarian 
Notices of Lupset, the Heath, Sharlston, and Acton, in the County of York," Svo. 
1851. There was a little wild blood among some of the Saviles of Lupset. 

f Sir George Booth; of Dunham Massey in Cheshire, headed the first movement in 
the North of England against the Parliament. He was a Presbyterian, and had the 
support or the good wishes of that party. The author of the " Iter Boreale ' ' says, 
when speaking of this attempt, 

" Kind Cheshire heard; and, like some son that stood 
Upon the bank, strait jump'd into the flood. 
Flings out his arms, and strikes some strokes to swim, 
Booth ventured first, and Middleton with him ; 
Stout Mackworth, Egerton, and thowsands more, 
Threw themselves in, and left the safer shore." 

Sir George, however, was unsuccessful. He got possession of Chester, but, incau- 
tiously leaving it, was defeated by General Lambert at Winnington bridge, near 
Northwieh, and there was an end of the whole affair. 

This deposition shows that Booth had supporters out of Lancashire and Cheshire, 
and that the plot was more general than some have thought. The King, it will be 
seen, was directly connected with it, although Sir George made no allusion to him in 
his manifesto. 

The Elsleys, mentioned in the deposition, were the ancestors of the present recorder 
of York. At the special assizes in Jan. 1663, Wm. Elsley, gen. was bound over tg 



one Wood was to be his lieutennant, and one William Carlile his 
cornctt; who, together with Charles Elslay, were then present. 
Which Charles Elslay, though he could not stir from his owne 
house, would for that service assist and supply them with horses, 
amies, and moneys. 


Feb. 15, 1659-60. Before Luke Killing worth, Esq. Michaell 
Mason, of Tynmouth, soldier,^ saith, that, about the 20th of Jan. 
last, Elizabeth, wife of George Simpson, of Tynmouth, fisher, 
came into his house and asked a pott full of small beare from 
Frances Mason, daughter to this informer; and, she refusing, the' 
said Elizabeth threatened to make her repent. He saith that upon 
the next day the said Frances lost the use of one of her leggs, 
and, within foure dayes after, the use of the other; whereupon 
she, becoming lame, was necessitated to keep her bed, where she 
lay miserably tormented, crying out that the said Elizabeth did 
pinch her heart and pull her in pieces; but, this informer getting 
blood from the said Elizabeth, she hath ever since continued 
quiett in her bed without any torture, but she doth not recover 
the use of her limmes, but pines away in a most lamentable 

The said Elizabeth is reported to be a charmer, and turnes the 
sive for money, f and hath been reputed a witch. 

keep the peace, himself in lOOZ. and in two sureties — Thos. Leadoni, of Lofthouse hill, 
yeo., and John Wandesford, of Kirklington, gen., in 50/. each. Was he implicated in 
any way in the Farneley Wood plot? 

* The 'first case of witchcraft from Northumberland. A great raid had been made 
upon the reputed witches in that county some time before this, as will be seen in the 

•f- It was common enough to turn the sieve, or the riddle and sheares, for stolen 

Dec. 13, 1598. The wife of Thomas Grace, of par. Stannington, Northumberland, 
was presented for turninge of the ridle for things losto and stolne. 

Deo. 10, 1667. Cumberland. Before Thos. Denton, Esq. IVIary, wife of Stephen 
Johnson, of Carleton, saith, that, as shee was coming from Clifton, shec mett witli Jo. 
Scott, whoe told her that his wife had cast the riddle and sheares for some cloathos of 
George Carre's that was stole; and one Jo. Webster, of Clifton, told them that they 
knew as much as he could tell them, and that it was a little blearc-eyed lasse that gott 
them, whoe lived neare them. 

The formula used by the operator was as follows: 

" By St. Peter and by St. Paul, 

If has stolen 's 

Turn about riddle and shears and all." 

f ■ 




A true bill against Margaret Dixon,* of Newcastle, for saying, 
on May 13, 1660, " What ! can they finde noe other man to 
brino; in then a Scotsman ? What ! is there not some EnMish- 
man more fit to make a King then a Scott? There is none that 
loves him but drunk whores and whoremongers. I hope hee will 
never come into England, for that hee will sett on fire the three 
kingdomes as his father before him has done. God's curse light 
on him. I hope to see his bones hanged at a horse tayle, and 
the doggs runn through his puddins." 


The Grand Jury find a true bill against John Botts f of Dar- 
field, clerk, for saying in his sermon in Darfield church, on the 
13th of May, 1660, " The man wee had soe long desired and 
expected, and that the Parliament were about to bring in, would 
bring in superstition and Popery, and that we must fall downe 
againe and worshipp stocks and images, the workes of men's 
hands. But, rather, let us shew ourselves men, and gird every 
man his sword upon his thigh, and sheath it in his neighbour's 
bowell, for I doe beleive too many of us have Popes in our bellies. 
Let us feare the King of heaven and worship Him, and bee not so 
desireous of an earthly King, which will tend to the imbroileing 
of us againe in blood." 

* The beginning of a series of depositions, which show how unpopular Cliarles II. 
was with many of his subjects. These are the straws which tell us in which direction 
the wind was blowing. The whole of the Nonconformists were, sooner or later, dis- 
appointed with their new sovereign, and the winning charm of his address could not 
atone for the vices of the Court with persons who had been accustomed to a very 
different rt^ijime. To one royal fault there are frequent allusions: — 

Sep. 15, 1665. Anthony Peele, of UUock, co. Cumberland, says, " Hang the King. 
He is a knave, and a whore-maisterly rouge." 

1684. Mary Watson, of par. Grisburne, says, " The devill goe with the King. He 
is as rank a whore-master as ever was, and as rank a rogue as ever reigned." 

t This person does not appear among the vicars of Darfield, and he was probably an 
intruder. He pleaded the King's pardon at the assizes and the plea was allowed. 
The deposition shews to what length preachers would occasionally go. To " have a 
Pope in one's belly " passed into a proverb. It will be recollected that it was applied 
by a London mob to an unpopular occupant of the episcopal bench in the reign of 
James II. " There goes the Bishop of Chester (Cartwright) with the Pope in his 

Other clergymen were also free speakers, e.g. Thomas Smallwood, of Batley, clerk, 
indicted at York, for saying in his sermon at Brears Chapel, par, Halifax, " The 
whore of Babilon is rising and setting up !" 

G 2 



A true bill against Eichard Abbott, of Brighton,* for treason- 
able words, on May 20, 1660. Thomas Smith said, " 1 hope wee 
shall have a King." On which Abbott replied, " A King ! if I 
had but one batt in my belly, I would give it to keep the King 
out, for Cromwell ruled better than ever the King will." 


May 23, 1660. Robert Allyson, of Shields, butcher, saith, that, 
about the begining of March last, John Careuth, of Tynmouth, 
gen., did say that the King was a son of a whore, and that the 
late King Charles poison'd his father, saying to this informer, 
" The rogue, your master, is comeing over into England, but he 
hath never a man that followcs him that hath a principle of God 
in him except Sir Ralph Hopton." And he said that General 
Monk was a traytor, and worse than Jezabel that was eaten by 


June 6, 1660. Jeremiah Nelson, minister of Ellesden, saith, 
that on May the 7th, a litle before midnight, certain men broke 
into his house, and came with swords and pistolls into the said 
house, and shot off a pistoll, and did come into the lodging par- 
lour, where he and his wife lyes, and did threaten him often that 
if he would not give them his money presently they would kill 
him, and one of them said often, " Kill Baal's preist," and they 
tooke away a purse and bag and money in \t.\ 

* This person appeared at the assizes, but nothing was done to him. In 1660, Ann 
wife of Andrew Key, of Tynemouth, was charged with saying " If I had the King's 
children I would feed them with the crumbs that fall from my table." 

•f- Some strong speeches against persons in authority. It has been stated elsewhere 
that James I. was poisoned. Mr. Carruthers seems to have had little affection for the 
Stuarts or for the new state of things in England, and was watching with jealousy 
the turning tide. 

Sir Ralph llopton was one of the staunchest and most active of the Cavaliers. The 
old ballad says — 

" Sir Ralph and his knaves are risen from their graves, 
And cudgelled the clowns of Devon." 

Alluding to his zeal for the royal cause in the West of England. The last words of 
Samuel Ward, the suffering and ejected Master of Sidney, were, " God bless the King 
and Lord llopton." 

X A burglary in the house of the rector of Elsdon, a village among the wilds of 



A true bill against Thomas Lunn,* of Bootliam, labourer, for 
saying, on June 10, 1660, " The King shall never bee crowned, 
and, if hee is crowned, hoe shall never live long. His father's 
head was taken of with an axe, but a bill shall serve to take of his." 


A true bill against Gilbert Kowell,t of Alnwick, clerk, for 
saying in Alnwick church, on Sep. 2, 1660, " The Common 
Prayer booke imposed and intruded upon the people is unlawfull 

Northumberland. The rectory is an old Border peel tower, but it could not afford se- 
curity to its inmates. The rector's servants gave chase to the robbers, but could not 
overtake them. 

I find Mr. Nelson making another deposition on May 6, 1660. He then says, " that 
John Shield, Quaker, did disturb him, on the 27th, in the pulpit, and on Monday last 
he did deny the Holy Scriptures contained in the Bible to be the word of God." 

At Durham, on Dec. 5, 1637,1 find Percival Reed charged with " abuseinge 
Mr. Isaac Marrowe, clerke, parson of Elsden, calling him base preist, and stinking 
custrell, and did push the said Mr. Marrowe by the beard." 

We have a very imperfect idea of the state of the clergy, and generally of the reli- 
gious feeling of the North of England in the 17th century. If we give credit to a 
letter written about 1750 by Charles Dodgson, another rector of Elsdon, his parish was 
even then in a deplorable condition. 

* The prisoner appeared at the assizes, but received no punishment. 

f Mr. Roweli was a Puritan minister who had the spiritual charge of Alnwick 
during the Rebellion. He had previously been an officer in the Universities of Glas- 
gow and Aberdeen. At the Restoration, Major Orde, the churchwarden, brought to 
him the book of Common Prayer, desiring him to use it. His reply, made publicly 
from the pulpit, forms the subject of this indictment, which was pressed against him 
at the Newcastle assizes by Orde. The charge, which hung over him for some time, 
was finally given up. After Roweli was ejected from Alnwick he devoted much time 
to the study of physic, exercising at the same time his ministerial functions. He died 
at Edinburgh in the reign of William III, An account of him will be found in 
Palmer and Woodrow. 

Many other clergymen were in trouble at this time ; e.g. : — 

Mar. 1660-1. Jeremiah Milner, of Rothwell, clerk, for not reading the Book of 
Common Prayer. Out on bail. 

July 29, 1661. John Noble, for the same offence. To find sureties. There is an 
account of this person in Mr. Robinson's History of Snaith, 127. 

A true bill against Chr. Marshall, of Horbury, clerk, for saying on the 1st of August, 
1666, in the pulpit at Horbury, " Those that have taken the protestacon, and, after, 
come to the Common Prayer of the Church, are perjured persons before God and 

August 1666. An indictment against Edward Browne, of Crofton, clerk, for neg- 
ligently performing the service, ignored. At this assize Brian Marsh was found guilty 
of assaulting John Mawman, clerk, whilst doing duty in the church, arresting and im- 
prisoning him. 


to be used, and it is not owned by God, nor hath any authority 
out of the word of God." 


Nov. 15, 1660. Before Sir John Kay at Woodsome. Thomas 
Gibson, of Ahnonburxj, yeoinan, saith, that on the 14th of Nov., 
beinge at South Crosland, William Poole,* of Barkisland, said 
that " the trained bands which are now rayseinge are to goe into 
Scotland, for Morgan and the Scotts does joyne, and these 
souldicrs which are now disbanded does flye into Scotland and 
joyne with them against our Kinge, because that hee was sworne 
there for them, and now goes against his oath. And further sayd 
that the Kinge and Queene are now both come into England, and 
that wee should notheinge but Popery, as formerly hath beene, and 
that the Queene hath broughte a Pope with her from beyond sea." 


Jan. 14, 1660-1. Daniel Lister, of Ovcnden, yeoman, sayth, 
that on the 10th he casually mett with John Hodgson, f of Coley 
Hall, late a captaine against the Kinge. And the said informer, 

* Poole made his appearance at the next assizes, but nothing was done to him. 
Offences of this kind were usually passed over, the accused person finding sureties for 
his good behaviour. 

+ Captain Hodgson, of Coley Hall, in the parish of Halifax, was a well-known 
Republican and Independent. He fought for the Parliament by the side of Fairfax 
through the greater part of the civil war, and he was a person who was regarded with 
much respect by the members of his party. His enemies were now in power, and it 
is pretty certain that he was an active agent in all the Yorkshire plots after the Re- 

Captain Hodgson, in his memoirs of his own life, which are published with those of 
Sir Henry Slingsby, gives a full account of the incident to whicli this deposition refers. 
He was arrested by order of Sir John Kayc and Sir John Arniitage, in the night time, 
at Coley Hall, and was carried off to Bradford gaol. He was kept in prison without 
being brought before any magistrate till the next assizes. " When the assizes came, 
one Daniel Lyster was my prosecutor, a person that I once bound to his good be- 
haviour, upon an information of the constable of Manningham, that this Lyster was 
too familiar with another man's wife, an ale-house keeper in the town, and that he 
spent much of his time in dishonest ale-houses and lewd company iStc. And after the 
King was conic in, he meets mc, and demands the names of those that informed 
against him, and a copy of it; and I told him, that the business was over, and that it 
was not seasonable to rip into old troubles. With that ho thicateneil mo, and said, 
he would have them; ' The sun ' said he, ' now shines on our side of the hedge,' and 
so I bid him take his course. Now his information against nie was, that I should say, 
' There is a crown provided, but the King will never wear it;' and this was put in 
the indictment before the grand jury, that ' I never had been a turncoat; I never took 


out of his affection to his Ma*^', did say, that now tlic sunne did 
shine upon the righte side of the hedge. The said John Ilodgeson 
asked him what he mcnt by the sunne. He tould him, he ment 
our Soveraign lord the Kinge. Then the sayd Hodgson answered 
" Your Kinge, your Kinge ere long will have notheinge left to 
sett his crowne upon." 


March 25, 1661. Committed to gaol at the York assizes for 
refusing the oath of allegiance.* Tho. Taylor, Samuel Watson, 
Henry Jackson, John Smyth, Roger Hebden, Christofer Holyday, 
John Levens, George Watkinson, Peter Acklam, Isaac Linsley, 

the oath of allegiance, nor never would do;" and these poor things were forged against 
me; only that I had never been a turncoat, I justified it before judge and jury. 
When the matter was heard against me, I had one Jeremiah Brookesbank, a neighbour, 
that did swear that he was in company with Lyster, and heard him say, that if ever 
the times changed, he would sit on Hodgson's skirts; and Lyster had oveiTun the 
court, or else had been bound to his good behaviour.'" Joseph Lister, the brother of 
Daniel, and the clerk of Sir John Armitage, tries to prove the second indictment, 
but Hodgson was acquitted on both: "and the foreman, one Micklethwaite, told the 
judge openly in the court, that if such informers or persons were suffered to go on, 
there would be no living for honest men." Hodgson, however, was obliged to take 
the oath of allegiance. For this affair he was five months in prison. 

Captain Hodgson will occur again. There are some interesting notices of him in 
" The Life of Oliver Heywood," his pastor and neighbour. By the death of the 
learned editor of that work I have lost a very kind friend and Yorkshire a noble 

* Most of these people, if not all of them, were Quakers — a sect which at that time 
took a more prominent and obnoxious part in public affairs than it does at present, 
The executive was at that time very active in endeavouring to suppress their meetings, 
and a full account of the pains and penalties which these misguided people underwent 
is to be found in that very curious work " The Sufferings of the Quakers." The 
following extracts from the minute books, &c., will give some idea of the way in 
which the Quakers were persecuted. 

" At the assizes at York, in July 1662, John Wilson, John Ratcliffe, and Clir. 
Hurdsman, of Pocklington, yeomen, Peter Pearson, of Helgrainge, yeo., Wm. Towle 
and Chr. Wilson, of Warter, are indicted for holding a conventicle. 

"Also Edward Wilkinson and John Harper, of Leeds, labourers, Thomas Akroyd, 
John Levans, Thoiuas Thackwray, Wm. Cundall, James Burneley, Thomas Sutton, 
Chr. Dawson and John Holmes, of Leeds, labourers, for the like oft'ence. 

" Also Samuel Poole, of Thorne, yeo., and Baptista, his wife, Robert Eccles, Robert 
Stanyland, yeoman, and Anne Allenson, spinster, of Thorne, for the like. 

" Also Wm. Merrison, John Bunkin, Thomas Wilson, John Melwood and Henry 
Doughty, of Fishlake, jeoman, for the like. 

"Also Thomas and Christian Middlebrooke, Robert Burton, Thomas and Francis 
Burr, Godfrey Petty, Isaac Cowe, John Crabtree, John Spencer, Barth. Allinson, and 
John Petty, of Fishlake, yeoman, Geo. Beamont, of Sykehouse, yeo., Abraham de 
Cowe, Wm. Williams an.l Wm. Womersley, of Fishlake, yeoman, Thos. Cutt, of 
Thorne, yeo., for the like. Most of these persons were imprisoned for a year. 

" Nov, 10, 1G62. Wm. Stecre and Thomas Taylor, of Thorne, gent., say that on 


John Hall, Wm. Dewsbury, John Hick, Samuel Poole, Matthew- 
Foster, John Blakeley, John Greene, Richard Blythman, Chris- 
tofer Gilburne, Nicholas Pawson, Andrew Hawkes, Christopher 
Bramley, Wm. Lotherton, Abraham Wadsworth, John Hodgson, 
Wm. Siddall, Chr. Chapman. 


A true bill against Wm. Lawson, of Leeds, labourer, for say- 
ing at Wike, on the 20th of May, 1661, " I hope the phanaticks* 
will disperse his Majesties trained bands like the chafe before the 
wind. It was justly done that the late King was beheaded." 


Aug. 8, 1661. Before John Emerson, Esq., Mayor of New- 
castle. Hobert Phillip, of Netvcastle, labo7trer, saith, that, about 
fourteene dayes before Christenmas last, he fell sicke, and was 
sore pained at his heart, and lying awake one night about nyne or 
tenne of the clocke, the doores being shutt, there appeared to him 
one Mary, wife of Wm. Johnson, of Sandgate, labourer, one 
Margaret Cotherwood, with another woman ; and the said Mar- 

Nov. 9, they found divers persons in the house of Robert Burton the elder, in Thome, 
under the notion of Quakers, 

" March 1663. Indicted at the assizes. John Greene, the younger, of Liverseige, 
being indicted at Wakefeild Sessions last by the grand inquest, and contemptuously 
refuseing to take the oath of obedience tendered unto him, and being called in open 
court to plead to the said indictment, refused to doe the same, but stood mute, where- 
upon the sentence of prcciimnire was pronounced against him. 

" Mar. 31, 1663. John Spencer, of Thorne, yeo., John Bladworth, shoemaker. 
Many Middlebrooke, Robert Burton, jun., yeo., Anne Rider, spinster, Eliz. Ferriby 
and Eliz. Allanson, of Thorne, indicted for a conventicle. 

" Feb. 2, 1663-4. Anthony Knowles, of Buckden, confesses to a meeting of Quakers 
at his house, and to being at another at the house of George Wilson, of Cray, ' These 
meeteinges were to serve and seeke the Lord.' 

"July 31, 1664. Anthony Hunter finds at Sunderland, par. Isell, 'assembled 
together in the house of one Wm. Adcocke about forty men and woemen of those 
called Quakers, under pretence of divine worshipp.' 

" 18 July, 1669. Thomas Dowsland, of East Ayton, constable, finds a conventicle 
of Quakers in the house of Dorothy Coates, of East Ayton, 

" June 16, 1682. Information against Mr. Samuel Poole, of Thorne, for having in 
his house a meeting of Quakers. 

* The prisoner was bound over to keep the peace at the assizes. The disappoint- 
ment which the Dissenters felt at the King's treatment of them was now being loudly 
expressed. Two years afterwards it broke out into open rebellion in Yorkshire. 
These seditious spceclus were the forecast shadows of coming troubles. 

Henry Wolburnc, of Brandesburton, labourer, was charged with saying on Feb. 
16, 1660-1. "The King is a rogue, and if ho does not depart the land presently hee 
shall die the sorest death that ever King died." 


garet said to him, " Wype off that on thy forehead, for it burns 
me to death," (this informant having anointed his head that night 
with an ointment for the headache which was given him). This 
inform*^ asking her what it was that burnt her, she answered 
" That ointment that is on thy brow," and puft and blew and cryed 
" 0, burnt to the heart." Thereupon she stood a litle by, and 
this informer asking her if she beleeved in Jesus Christ she need 
not feare that ointment; and still she cryed " 0, burnt to the 
heart; burnt to the heart." And the said Mary Johnson told him 
that she would be revenged of him before all men living ; where- 
upon this informant said he trusted in Christ, He was his rock in 
whom he trusted. And thereupon this informer heard a voice 
(from whence it came he knows not) saying " Whosoever trusted 
in that rock Christ Jesus shall never perrish ;" and the voice bid 
them begon, whereupon they vanished away. 


Aug. 28, 1661. William Vernon, of London, Esq. aged about 
36, says, I saw Mr. Smith, his hand all bloodie:* askeing the said 
Mr. Smith who stroke him, he answered mee, " Some men in that 
roome," pointing at it. Whereupon I went with him to the 
chamber doore to demand of them in that roome whie they soe 
assaulted him, but, after a litle discourse, with a sword or rapier 
one out of the said roome runn him into the face, upon which 

* An affray at an inn at Malton among some Yorkshire gentlemen, many of whom 
were soldiers. One, a Captain Smith, died of tlie wounds that he received. Sotheby, 
Constable, and Wm. Hawksworth, were tried at the assizes, and were acquitted. 
Constable, in his examination, is said to be of Selby, and Sotheby is described as a 
lieutenant-colonel, probably in some local corps. 

The following cases give rather an unfavourable picture of the Yorkshire gentry : — 

" July, 1659. Laurence, and John Meynell, the younger, of Thorneby, gentlemen, 
and Thomas Aslaby, of the same place, indicted for assaulting and beating Hugh and 
Robert Savile and Richard Grimston. 

" Sep. 1660. Nicholas Lindley, of Aldmondbury, yeo., Mark Warren, James Han- 
son, of Aldmondbury, clothier, and Nicholas Fenney, of Fenney, gen., indicted for 
killing Edmund Lee. To appear to receive sentence when called upon. 

"Aug. 3, 1663, Marmaduke Lord Langdale, Peter Pudsey, gen., and Gerard Mer- 
riman, of Holme in Spaldingmore, for an assault on Jo. Millington. 

" Mar. 1666-7. Wm. Hamond, of Scarthingwell, Esq., for an assault on Thos. 
Robinson, of York. 

" On August 18, 1668, after a dinner at Mr. James Brearey's, in York, at which 
Mr. John Metham, of Metham, and others, were guests, Mr. John Swann goes into 
the garden, and fights a duel with Mr. Richard Hodgson, and is killed. 

Mar. 1669. Sir Clir. Wandesford, of Kirklington, for an assault on John Pallister. 
To keep the peace." 


thrust the said Smith cried out "1 am slayne." I beleive Mr. Smith 
was sober. I saw the said Smith strike with his hand Major 
Constable on the face before Smith received his seacond harm. I 
saw in the company of the said roome a drawen sword. After the 
said thrust, pricke, or stabb made, I went into the said roome, 
where INLajor Constable said to mee he had received mvich prejudice 
through the untrue testimony of Percyhay, and he had yet given 
him noe satisfaccion, which he did expect then if it could bee, or 
soe soone as he could. Mr Sutherby said to mee that he and 
others had received many abuses from most in my company, and 
received noe satisfaccion from them. And he further tould mee 
that they had beene grand traytors. 

Arthu7' Jegon, of Lincolne Inn^ f/ent., aged 26, saith, that hce 
being at the house of Lancelot Thorp, of New j\Jalton, upon 
Saturday night last, with others, did there see Mr. John Smyth 
of Old Malton, with his hand wounded, and cut over most (if 
not all) his fingers. And, further saith, that the said Mr. Smyth 
was at the staire head neare the doore of the chamber of Mr. Con- 
stable, where there was severall swords drawne. ]\Ir. §myth did 
desire satisfaction for his wounds received; then did a ccrtaine 
person in a gray coat and brownish haire, from behind IVlr. Con- 
stable, with a sword or a rapier did wound the said IMr. Smyth in 
the face, and then Mr. Smyth fell against the wall. 

Chr. Percehay, of Ryton, gent.^ aged 24, saith, that hee was att 
Lancelott Thorpe's upon Satterday last, with some other company, 
where Mr. Smith was cutt over the fingers. The informer heard 
Mr. Smith demaundinsi; satisfacion of Mr. Constable for the wrono' 
hce had received by himselfe or some of the company in the 
roome with the said Mr. Constable, whereupon one over Mr. Con- 
stable's shoulder, and out of his chamber, thrust Mr. Smith into 
his face with his sword, and hee fell downe and said hee was 

James Strangicai/es, of Pickering, gen. aged 27, sayth, that fol- 
lowing Capt. Smith and the last in company down the staires he 
see Mr. Constable, with others, on the staire heades, calling some 
" Rouges." Mr. Smith replyed, " By whome they ment? " They 
answered him, by such rouges as himself, and thereupon drew 
there swordes, and wovmded him on his fingers, and one of them 
cryed for a pistoll to pistoll him, which presently was brought, and 
jjrescnted it at Smith, which was j)rcvented by the informant. 
Mr. Smith aftcrwardes returned to the stair heades, and there de- 
manded sattisfaction on ]\lr. Constable. ^\'hereupon Constable 
replyed he knew nott who had done him the injury, and Smith 
answered., for anytliing he knew it \v;is himselfe, and thereupon 


gave Constable a blow on the face with his hand. Another 
standing behind Constable run at Smith with a drawne sword or 
raper in his hand, and wounded Smith in the face, whereupon 
Smith fell. Mr. Constable afterwardes reflecting upon perticular 
persons, Major Nary told him he did nott well to doe soe, for 
things were pardoned by the Act of Indemnity. Constable replyed 
he vallued not a fart the Act of Indemnity. 

Henry Sowtliehie, of the Cittie of Yorke, gent., saith, that he 
being att the house of Lancelott Thorpe, in Major Constable's 
lodgeing, John Narie, Chr. Perchey, John Smith, James Strange- 
waies, with others, about 8 of the clocke in the evening, did 
riotously attempt to enter into the lodgeing of the said Major 
Constable, which he perceiveing, hee, with the Major, did stand 
upon his guard, being altogether ignorant of Avhat designe they 
had. And thereupon Major Constable haveing opened his chamber 
doore, did civillie demand what businesse they had there, and 
and wisht them to departe in civillitie, without anie further 
trouble; which the Major had scarce uttered, but Smith by a 
thrust hitt JNIajor Constable on his left eye, in so much that 
blood issued out verie much by reason of the said thrust, which 
caused this informant to beleive that Major Constable was mortally 
wounded. The said Smith was drunke, and with extreame scur- 
rilous language did abuse this informant and Major Constable. 
And he verilie beleives that the rest of the persons in Smith's 
companie were verie much intoxicated with drinke. John Narie 
said in a threatening manner " Sett your King asyde, wee will doe 
anie thing whatever with you, if you dare," and that all the parties 
beforenamed doe frequently meet at Narie's house and elsewhere 
twice everie week, upon what occasion this informant knowes 
not, but is most certaine that all the said persons are disaffected, 
and apparently by all theire accions disloyall to his Majestie's 

John Carre, of Skamsion, hashan&man, haveing occasion to be 
with Mr. Suddeby, whoe was his attorney-at lawe, was present 
when Mr. Smith was wounded, and he beleiveth that the said 
wound was given by Mr. Suddeby, but upon the bussell he saw 
Mr. Constable, Mr. Suddeby, and one Hawkswoi'th have theire 
swordes drawne, and Mr. Constable and Mr. Suddeby threshing 
and striking; with theire swordes. But Mr. Constable, after Smith 
was wounded, did blame Mr. Suddeby for being soe forward. 
And he heard Lancelot Thorp say, " 0, Mr. Sudeby, fly, for you 
have slain a man !" 

Anne, wife of Lancelot Thorpe, of Neio Malton, yeoman, saith, 
that she being in the roome with ]\Ir. Ralph Constable, Mr. Hcnrv 


Sowtheby, Mr. Hawksworth, and John Carre, it being Mr. Con- 
stable's lodging, her husband came in with a message from 
Mr. Nary and Mr. Peircyhay to know whither Mr. Constable had 
any writt against Mr. Peircyhay or noe. Presently after his goeing 
out, Mr. Nary, and the rest of the gentlemen that were with him, 
came out of theire owne roome, and came to the chamber-doore, 
where these other gentlemen were, the doore being open. There- 
upon Mr. Constable and the rest of the gentlemen rose up and 
demanded what they had to doe to come to their chamber, and 
after some words past amongst them they shutt their chamber 
doore, and some of the other gentlemen thrusting against it, 
Mr. Constable tooke up his pistoll, and bid them att their perill 
not to enter into his chamber for it was his castle, and thereupon 
laid downe his pistoll againe. But the other gentlemen coraeing 
soe violently on there was swords drawne at the chamber doore, 
but she did not see any blowes or thrusts given, neither did she 
see Mr. Smyth att the doore, but after she saw him sitting on a 
bedside in the parlour, and his nose bled, and she gave him a 
napkin to wipe itt. 


Oct. 10, 1661. Before Sir John Marlay, mayor of Newcastle- 
on-Tyne. Winifrid Ogle, of Winlington White-house, spmsfer, 
saith, that, aboute three of the clocke in the afternoone yesterday, 
she, heareing that two of the children of Mr. Jonas Cudworth 
was att the house of Mr. Thomas Sherburn, watchmaker, in 
great paine, being bewitched, she came to see them, and she 
found them in great extrimity ; and one of the said children and 
one Jane Pattison who Avas then there cryed out they see the 
witch Jane Watson, and the child said the witch brought her an 
apple, and was very ernest to have it, and presently after the 
people of the house cryed " Fire, fire ! " upon which this inform- 
ant see something like a flash of fire on the farr side of the roome, 
and she see a round thing like fire goe towards the chimney, and 
the said childe was severall tymes speechlcs, and in great torment 
and paine, and that halfe of the apple the child spoak of was 
found att the bcdfoote. 

* Another case of witchcraft from Newcastle, and a very absurd one. The mother 
of the children says that, in her belief, Jane Watson has thus injui'od her because she 
refused to buy oatcakes from her in consequence of her bad character. Mr. Cud- 
worth was a woollen draper. The children blame Jane Watson and Anne Menuin. 
Watson asserts her innocence. 


Jane Patteson, spinster, servant to Mr. John Ogle of Winlinqton 
WJiite-house, see some children of Mr. Jonas Cudworth in great 
paine, and much tormented, and in extrimity, and one of the 
said children said, " There is the witch, there is the witch, Jane 
Watson." Upon which this informer said " I see the witch," 
she then seeing a woman in a red waist coate and greene petti- 
coate, which woman was gon under the bed presently; upon 
which this informer's master, Mr. John Ogle, came with his 
rapier and thrust under the said bed therewith. And she further 
saith that some of the people in the house told her they heard 
something cry like a swyne upon the said thrust under the bed. 

Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Richardson, of Blaydon, yeoman, 
aboute 8 yeares since, living in Newcastle, and being very sick, 
and much tormented in her body, she sent for a medicer called 
Jane Watson, who came to her and tooke her by the hand, but 
doth not now remember what she said to her, but imediately 
after the paine left her, and a dogg which was in the said house 
presently dyed. 


March 23, 1661-2. Before Nicholas Cole, mayor of Newcastle. 
Robert Wouldhave, sergeant-att-mace, heard Thomas Herbert, 
weaver, say " Who would have thought that Lambert's* armye 
would have been distroyed within three yeares tyme; butt he 
hoped before other three yeares goe about he would see an altera- 
tion in this government. I meane the present government that 
now is." 

* In 1659 General Lambert, who had during the civil war been most active against 
the King, did all he could to oppose the reaction. He crushed the Cheshire rising 
under Sir George Booth, but was unable to stop Monk. Without coming to blows, 
as Monk advanced, according to Captain Hodgson " Lambert and his party was 
mouldered away." The author of the Iter Boreale speaking of Monk observes, 

His few Scotch coal kindled with English fire 
Made Lambert's great Newcastle heaps expire. 

Lambert no doubt had a wish to step into Richard Cromwell's place, and there 
were many who would gladly have seen him in that elevated position. The following 
speeches show the tendency of the popularis aura : — 

" A true bill at York against Richard Smith of North Ouram for saying, on Aug. 31, 
1660, at Halifax, " The King is a bastard, and the sonne of a whore. I hope to see 
Lord Lambert King." 

A true bill against Francis Rider of Walden for saying, on Aug. 12, 1664, " Crom- 
well governed this land better than the Kinge. I wish that Lambert might have 
succeeded him, for hee would have governed it as well." 



A true bill against George Taylor of Kirkby Kendall, for 
saying, on 9tli Aprill, 1662, " It was a good day when the King's 
head was ciitt off. There hath beene noe peace like 'as was in 
Oliver * the Protector's time. It is a pitty but that all King's 
heads should bee cntt off." 


May 28, 1662. Before Tho. Crompton, Esq. Tiistmm Heio- 
banck, of Killiam^ hushanchnan^ sayth, that a little while before 
the coronation of his Ma*^® Charles the Second, who now is 
Kinge, hee heard Walter Crompton, | of Sunderlandwick, gent., 
say hee hoped the Kinge would never bee crowned, for hee was a 
bastard. And hee hath severall times scene him clap his hand 
on his horse buttocks and say, " Stand up, Charles the third by 
the grace of God," which is an usuall expression of the said 
Walter Crompton's. 


July 28, 1662. Before Sir Patricius Curwen, Bt., Sir Wilfrid 
Lawson, Kt., and John Lamplugh, Esq. Chi\ Bruntinge, of 
Cockermoufh, saith, that on the 17th he heard Kobcrt Koberson, 
of Lowcswatev,! after some discourse of the act for hearthes and 
stones, say that before the said act went forward their was many 
in England would fight in blood to knees. 

* Anthony Hunter, of Keswicke, said that, on 25 July, 1664, one James Wright of 
Darnton in the county of Durham, came to his liouse and begun to give ill languages, 
saying he valued none of the King's officers, and that Oliver Cromwell was a better 
man than the King. The culprit pleaded intoxication as his excuse. He was a 
needle-maker by trade, and sought his livelihood " by singing of songs." 

f Tho foolish speeches of a young man of 26 or 27. The deposition was actually 
taken by his brother. The charge against the legitimacy of Charles I. was fre- 
quently made. The bill against Mr. Crompton was ignored at the York assizes. 
There is a curious account of Mr. Charles Crompton in the Lives of the Norths, ii. 282. 

J The act taxing tho hearths was one of the most unpo[)ular measures that was ever 
passed in England. This is not the only instance of ill-feeling to the King at Lowes- 

" Dec. 6,1061. Before Sir William Huddleston, Kt. Joseph Robin.son, of Baryet 
par. Loweswater, heard Thomas Allison say that Charles the Second was a traitor and 
a rogue, and all tliose that tooke his parte; and he hoped within a short tynic they 
would bo taken a course with." 



August 4, 1662. An inquest on Brian Redman, of Inglefcon. 
On August 2, Columbus Inglebie, of Lawkland Hall, gen., shot 
him with a pistol.* 


Aug. 8, 1662. Before Godfrey Copley, Esq. John Staunton, 
of Everton, co. JVotts, gen., saith, that being in company on 
Saturday last with one Charles North, f at widow Atkins' house 
in Blaekstone, he heard him say that he was for those men that 
had murthered the last King, and he would be for them as long 
as he had life, and that they were honest men, and that the last 
King did deserve the death he had. 

Anthony/ Barton, of Bla.vton, yeo., heard Mr. Charles North say 

that King Charles was a traitor; whereupon the said Mr. Stenton 

tooke the said North a boxe of the eare. And the said North 

said that the ould King, when he was put to death, had but 

'his due. 


Oct. 11, 1662. Michaell Studholme, of Wigton, sayeth, that 
he, being at Carlile,^ about 16 or 18 yeares since, accidently went 

Pepys, in his Diary, under the 30th of June, 1662, makes the following remarks 
which are illustrative of the present deposition. "This I take to be as bad a juncture 
as ever I observed. The King and his newQueene minding their pleasures at Hamp- 
ton Court. All people discontented; some that the King do not gratify them enough, 
and the others, fanatiques of all sorts, that the King do take away their liberty of 
conscience, and the height of the bishops, who I fear will ruin all again. Much 
clamour against the chimney-money, and the people say that they will not pay it 
without money." 

* We have no account of this affair. Mr. Ingleby was tried and acquitted. Ver- 
dicts, 1657-8. Thomas Etherington, gent., dyed by the visittation of God. Wm. 
tJrearey, gen , slaine by misfortune. 1658. Wm. Smith, of Welbury, clerk, slayne by 
misfortune. 1666. Ralph Babthorpe, interfectus i>er infortunium. Wm. Hotham, 

i* Charles North, of Awkley, co. Notts, gen., speaks some seditious words. At the 
York assizes he was bound over to keep the peace, himself in the sum of 80^., and in 
two sureties of iOl. each, i.e. Francis Thornhill, of Misterton, gen., and Nicholas 
Hexop, clerk, of Finningley. 

Mr. North's end was a tragical one. On the 2Sth of February, 1663-4, be was 
shot by Nicholas Curtis, of Doncaster, apothecary. 

X An incident which probably occurred during the siege of Carlisle in 1644, when 


to the sif^me of the Sunc, ther being severall captaines both for 
King and Parliament; which said captaines had some diiFerences 
at the said inn, who did part them civilly. And the said ex*, 
with the sai<i captaines for the King and Parliament, walkeing 
quietly in the market place, thos captaines for the King did pursue 
those captaines which were for King and Parliament with ther 
swords drawne, and calling them " Parliament rogues," and said, 
" Downe with this Parliament;" and soe, with that, they fell upon 
them with their swordes drawne, and the defence of the said de- 
ponent with the captaines for saveing their lives did defend their- 
selves with their sword drawne, and then rung the common bell 
of the said citty, and forced the said deponents with those captaines 
which were for King and Parliament into the guildhall ; in which 
commotion one of either party was killed, to witt, Ensigne Hutton, 
who was then for King and Parliament, and Leonard Milborne, 
a citizen of the said citty. 


Jan. 19, 1662-3. At Rotherham, before Thomas Garnctt, 
gent., coroner. Antie Ashmore, of Rotherliam, spinster *■ sayth, 
that, upon the 30th of December, about eleaven of the clocke in 
the night, she beinge in her bed, in the almes-houses upon Rother- 
ham bridge, did heare one Henery Thompson, laborer, and then 
a dweller in the said almes-houses, very vyolently fall upon, beate 
and strike one Margarett Hill, a poore olde widdow, with a rod 
or stafFe for almost an hower and a halfe together, in such a 
vyolent manner that the said Margarett Hill cryed lamcntablie 
out, and said he would kill her; butt still he layed the more on 
her, callinge her wich, and said she had bewiched his mother, 

the city was captureil by General Lesley. When peaceful times returned, Mr. Stud- 
holme found it necessary to place upon record his own account of this adventure. 
Possibly some false charge had been made against him and he wished to exculpate 

In 1663, some of the rebels concerned in the Kaber-rig plot asserted that " one 
Studholme " had engaged to place Carlisle garrison in tlieir hands. Was this the person 
now alluded to ? He was a county gentleman, and I find him more then once serving 
on the grand jury. 

An interesting account of the siege of Carlisle, drawn up by Mr. TuUie, has been 

* A very cruel case. The poor old woman languished till tlie ISth of January, and 
then died from the effects of the injuries that she had received. Thompson's wife states 
that the old woman had charged a sister-in-law of hers with stealing apples : at this 
lier husband was offended, and beat the old woman about the head and face for an 
hour and a half. I do not know what was done to Thompson. 



and gave her not over untill he made (her) knell downe of her 
knees, and aske him forgivencs. All this while this informer 
durst not stirr out of her bed for feare the said Thompson should 
beat and strike her in the like manner. 


March, 1663. Joshua Kirkbj,* of Wakefeild, clerke, formerly 
lectercr there, haveing not subscribed the declaracion mencioned 
in the act of Uniformity of publicke praicrs, and is not licensed 
to preach by the archbishopp of this province, nor hath read the 
thirty-nyne articles of religion mentioned in the statute of 13th 
of Eliz., nor read the booke of Comon Praiers, as by law is re- 
quired, and dyvers tymes since his disabillity hath preached in 
his owne house on his usuall lecture day. Comitted by Jo. 
Armitage, Bart., Richard Tanckard, Knt., Thomas Stringer, Esq. 
Francis Whyte, Esq. 


Apr. 6, 1663. Before George Denton, Esq. Jmnes Wood, 
of Rockltjfe, saith, that William Safftlay, a wayter or officer de- 
puted by Mr. William Christian,! customer of the porte of Car- 
lisle, and farmer of a parte of the Scotch border customes, did in 
the porte of Carlisle receive severall entries of wool-fells and tanned 
leather to be exported into Scotland. And, in particuler, in or 
about the midle of Jannuary 1663, did make entry of tenn packes 
of wooll-fells, of the goods of Richard Graham, of Harker, and 
Richard Fargison, of RocklifFe, in tlie county of Cumberland. 
And, about the same time, of three packes of tanned leather, of 

* One of the ejected ministers. He went to Wakefield in 1650 as Lady Camden's 
lecturer. He was several times in trouble for his loyalty. On one occasion he was 
imprisoned for praying puhlicly for Charles I., and he was also punished for his share 
in the insurrection of Sir George Booth. The act of Uniformity silenced him, but 
he still preached in his own house. For this offence he was sent to York castle. One 
of his principal amusements ni gaol was writing verses, about which a friendly pen 
tells us " the sense was far beyond the poetry." He died at Wakefield in the summer 
of 1676, and, being at that time under sentence of excommunication, was buried in 
his own garden. 

•f- A charge of defrauding the revenue is brought against Mr. Christian, the custonipr 
of the port of Carlisle. The Christians, from their connection with the Isle of Man and 
the Derby family, are well known botli in history and romance. What wa=i the result 
of the complaints now given I have been unable to discover. Mr. Christian lived, I 
find, until the latter part of the century. I should like to see the history of this family 
written at length. It would contain some very remarkable chapters. 

H * 


the goods of Thon:ias Graham; and two packes of the same com- 
modity, of the goods of Eobert Wilson. All which said goods 
Mr. William Christian was knowing of, and consenting to the 
entries and exportation of into the kingdome of Scotland, with 
many other severall parcclls of prohibited goods, bothofwooll, 
tan and leather, and raw hides. 

Secondly, Mr. Florence Garnet, and ]\Ir. William Softley, 
officers deputed by Mr. Wm. Christian, as parte farmer of the 
Scotch border customes, togeither with the said Wm., did threaten 
not onely the collector in the porte of Carlisle for ofering to make 
seizure of two mares goeing for Scotland, but did say that they 
would have him turned out of his place, and all the rest of the 
wayters in the porte. The said Garnet, notwithstanding his 
promise and ingagement that the mares should not be exported, 
did privately in the night time convey them into Scotland, con- 
trary to act of Parliament and the King's speciall warrant, com- 
manding that that none should be exported unlesse by warrant 
under his hand and scale. And this by the incouragement of 
Mr. William Christian. 

Thirdly, the officers imployed by Mr. Wm. Christian, now 
resideing within the porte of Carlisle, have dailey, and from time 
to time, advised and incouragcd marchants to practice all the 
fraudes they could. And some of them have received monyes for 
the custome of cattle, and given warrants for the importation of 
goods out of Scotland, acknowledgeing the English custome to 
be paid, and assisted marchants in the private conveyance of the 
said goods, or advised them the way to escape the officers. 



July 27, 1663. John Turner^ of Thome, saith, that on June 
26th, hee being in company of Thomas Mayson,* of Gansebrough, 
CO. Lincolne, at Thorne, he heard him say that there woidd be 
warres shortly againe in England, and that there would be fouer 

* This is the Captain Mason who appears in the Yorkshire Calendar in March, 
1665-C, as having been committed by Sir Tliohias Gower " for conspireing to raise 
warr against his Majestic. " He was tried, togetlier with John Browne, of Syke 
house, and William and Richard Wilson, of Barforth, yeomen, for high treason, and they 
were ordered to bo kept in gaol without bail till the next assize. It was then directed 
that he should be admitted to bail, to make his appearance at the next gaol delivery, 
if two justices of peace, to be specially aj)pointcd, should think fit. No recognizances 
are entered into the minute book, and we may coiichulc therefore that the justices 
would not release the pri.soner. 'J'his did not make much matter to him. He was 
being brought to York when the escort was attacked by five men at Darrington, 
near Pontefract, and Mason made his escape. We hear nothing of him afterwards. 



for one against the cavaliers. And they being talking of tlie 
Quakers, he said that he would goe into that towne, and could 
have the coppy of the act before it was signed by the King, for 
he had as good intelligence from London as any man that lived 
in Lincolnshire. 


July 28, 1663. Newcastle-on-Tyne. Before Robert Shaftoc, 
Esq. and Mark Milbank, Esq. Sarah, wife of Oswald Walker, 
yeo., did say on the 13th of July these wordes (to witt) : " There 
was never a King in England that was a chimney sweaper but 
this," meaning his Ma*'^ that nowe is, and that she would peti- 
tion and indeavour to gett and raise an army to fight against his 
Ma'^is and all his officers that came to demand any such thing 
as the harth money." 


August 15, 1663. Before John Tempest, Anthony Byerley, 
Samuell Davison, and Stephen Thomson, Esqrs. John William- 
son, of Raicdon, clothier,^ saith, that himselfe, with his servant 
and daughter, were travailing from his house at Rawdon on the 
5th instant towards Rippon about his profession of a clothier, 
and that, as he was going on Killinghall moore, they were 
overtaken by three persons, who did assault them, clapping a 
pistoll to his brest, and bade him deliver his money or he should 
dy for it. Whearupon he was forced to submitt to them, and 
one of them, who, as he now understands, calls himselfe John 

Mason was examined with reference to this charge against him, and made the 
following deposition : " He went to Wetherby in Yorkeshire to receave money, 
without any intention of goeing to the Spaw, but, being so neare the Spaw, lie 
resolved to goe and drink some waiter. He heard of one Dr. Ritchardson, which was 
then at the Spaw, but denyeth that he had any conversation with him, to his know- 

The Spaw was Harrogate, and Dr. Richardson was one of the fomenters of the 
plots of 1663. 

It has been seen that there was a considerable body of Quakers at Thorne. It now 
appears that there were among them some dangerous enemies to the state. 

* A daring case of highway robbery. Thomas Lightfoot was a Quaker and lived 
at Richmond. He had escaped out of Durham gaol. When he was arrested a 
money-bag and a peculiarly marked half-crown were found upon him, to which Wil- 
liamson swore. Lightfoot and Smith were convicted at the York assizes, and were 

H 2 


Smyth, who likewise clapt the pistoll to his brest, did search his 
pocketts, and tooke out 14s. and one penny. Another of the 
said persons did theareupon cutt the wametow and tooke off the 
pack cloaths which were upon a driven horse, and out of them 
took 401. which he gave to a person who, as he understands, calls 
himselfe by the name of Thomas Lightfbote. The said Thomas 
Lightfoot did search the informant's daughter Sarah in a very 
rude and uncivill fashion, and did take out of her pockctt a little 
box, whearein theare was Is. and three pence. It was about ten 
of the clocke in the fore noone. 


Sep. 17, 1663. Before Sir John Armytage. Tho. Shackleton, 
of Morton bankes, par Binglei/, sayeth, that, upon Sunday night 
last, he heard Jonathan Shackleton,* of the same place, say 
" Am I a phenattick ? Yow shall knoAV yet before j\Iarch wind 
be blowne that we phenatticks will looke all those in the face 
which now doe oppose us, for the Kinge is a bloudy Papist, or 
else he would never have give consent to the putting to death of 
soe many honest men as he hath." 


Oct. 17, 1663. Before Wm. Wilkinson, Esq. Mayor of Pon- 
tefract. Nicholas Myas, of Pontefract, labourer, sayth, that, 
about the 14th of September last, one Wm. Moulthrope,! Ifiborer, 
came into his owne house at Pontefract, and told him hee had 
heard a pretty story that one George Marre was sworne never to 
bee a cavalier againe. Whereupon this informant rcplj^ed, 
" T'was a pitty but such rogues should be hanged that could not 

* The spirit of disaffection was rapidly spreading in Yorkshire. Vei'y soon after 
this it broke out in open rebellion. The accused person spoke the mind of many 
discontented Yorkshiremen, 

A true bill against Edward Middlcton, of Leeds, yeo., for saying on Oct. 20, 1(3()3, 
" The Kinge and the Queenc are Papish divells." The prisoner was found not guilty. 
The York juries seem to have been singularly lenient to all ofl'enders of this kind. 
Charles II. was frequently charged with being a Roman Catholic. On Jan. 29, lC(52-3. 
Before Mr. Richard Dawson, alderman of Richmond. Thomas Gibson of Brompton- 
on-Swale, gent, says that ho heard Robert Blaekburiio, of Ricliniond, gent, in tlio 
house of Thomas Morley in Richmond, sayc that M''* Morlay the nighte before s.iyd 
that the King was a Papist. 

•f A man who knew something probably of tho intended rising. lie was acquitted. 
The speech about tho evil is amusing as a piece of ingeniouis reasoning. 


let the Kinge alone, and meddle with their owne matters." 
Unto which the sayd Moulthrope sayd, " What is the Kinge 
better than another man? for Kobin Bulman, (meaninge one 
Robert Buhnan, of Pontefract, laborer,) a seaventh sonne, can 
cure seaven evills, and the Kinge can but cure nine, soe that the 
Kinge is but two degrees better than Robin Bidman. Thou 
shalt see that before the moneth end as many will arise in England 
and Scotland as will cutt the throats of all those that were for 
the Kinge, and to bee sure thy throate will bee cutt for that 
thou hast beene soe long a cavalier, and now art in armes for the 
Kinge ! " 


Oct. 20, 1663. Before Cressy Burnett. Ilenvy Eskrigg, of the 
Cittie of Yo7'ke, 7nillone7\ saith, that Richard Readshaw, the 
younger, beeinge lately a prisoner in the sheriff's goale, upon sus- 
picion of steallinge some monyes from Thomas Lord. Fairefax, 
was declareinge to this informant how innocent hee was of the 
cryme imputed to him, and that hee was not guilty thereof. 
Whereupon this informant told him of one Nicholas Battersby,* 
of Bowtham, whoe had skill in the discoveringe of those persons 
that had stolne moneyes ; and where the monyes might bee found. 
Soe, att the earnest desire of the said Readshawe, Battersby was 
sent for to the goale, and att his comeinge, beeinge acquainted 
with the busines, did aske the said Readshawe what tyme of the 
day my Lo. Fairefax monyes was gone, and when ; and tooke 
instruccions thereof in his booke, and then departed, and the next 
day the said Battersby came to the sheriff's goale, and declared 
before this informant, and severall others, that the querent was 
cleare (meaneinge Readshaw), and that the moneys in question 
was stolne by an old grey-haird man, and a young man, whoe were 
servants in the house, and was hid in a great sacke, which by 
reason of the waters none could as yett come unto; and it would 

* A wise man is in trouble. It was certainly rather bold to come to the city gaol 
to exercise his art. He was bound over at the assizes to good behaviour. 

The sum of 140Z. had been stolen out of Lord Fairfax's study, at Appleton, and two 
men, father and son, bearing the name of Richard Readshaw, were charged with com- 
mitting the offence. They were yeomen at Appleton. The case against them was 
merely one of suspicion, and the bill was thrown out. They were bound over, how- 
ever, to keep the peace. 

Joseph Wetherell, of Scarborough, labourer, was charged with having, on Oct. 11, 
1678, stolen " a portmantle " containing 1,050^., the property of William Lord Wid- 


not bee discovered within 5 raonthes. And tlie said Battersby 
receaved 5s. for his paines in the said business. 


Oct. 22, 1663. Before Sir Philip Musgrave, Sir John Dalston, 
Richard Brathwait, liobcrt Hilton, and Edward Nevinson, Esqrs. 
John Waterson, of Great Musgrave, saith, that, upon Munday, the 
12th,* comeinge home from Kerby Stephen, layt that night, he 

* The account of the rising that took place in Westmerland, which is generally 
known by the name of the Kaber-rig plot. 

The measures and conduct of Charles II. were especially distasteful to various bodies 
of Dissenters, especially to those which had been so active in bringing about the Re- 
storation. His supposed leaning towards Roman Catholicism, the patronage that he 
gave to the Church of England, his acts against the Nonconformists, and the dissolute 
manners of the court, gave great offence to the Puritanical party. They remembered 
the strictness of the old regime, and contrasted it with the laxity and inequality of their 
present rule. A dangerous spirit soon began to spring up. 

In the North of England this discontent was very strong. I have already given many 
of the threats and speeches of angry men which show how the tide was turning. But 
they did more than talk. In the autumn of 1663 a general rising in the North was 
concocted at Harrogate. In October the Yorkshire insurgents met at Farneley Wood, 
near Leeds, where they threw up some intrenchments ; but being few in number, and 
those ill provided with arms, and badly advised and officered, they got away to their 
homes without shedding any blood. The original depositions, giving an account of this ill- 
planned affair, are not now in existence, but there are very full abstracts of them in 
Dr. Whitaker's Loidis and Elmet. A longer account of this rising, together \\ith the 
names of those concerned in it, will be given in the preface. 

Simultaneously with the attempt at Leeds there were to be others in various places, 
especially in the county of Durham ; that also was crushed in the bud. It was called 
the Muggleswick Plot, and there is an account of it, with some of the depositions, in 
Mr. Surtees's History of Durham. 

The Westmerland party, to which these depositions refer, was under the manage- 
ment of Captain Atkinson, an old parliamentary officer. He had gathered together 
and armed a few of the discontented people in the neighbourhood, and the attempt was 
to be made on the 13th of October. The Durham men were to have joined their 
brethren in Westmerland, but a change in the orders was made, and the Westcountrymen 
were ordered to march into the Bishopric. Captain Atkinson marshalled his troop in 
the night time, and got it to a place called Birka, near Kaber. From Birka the party 
returned homewards. The number was so small and the enterprise so perilous that the 
leader deemed it more prudent to send the men to their own abodes. 

So daring an attempt, in which so many were interested, could not be kept secret 
long. The Cavaliers, mindful of their past suiferings, were instantly on the alert, and 
the insurgents were detected and thrown into prison very speedily indeed. A special 
assize was held in the winter, and Caj)tain Atkinson, Waller, and several others, were 
executed at App!eby. 

The object of the insurgents was to seize the garrison towns in the North, and to 
arrest the chief members of the Royal party, especially that gallant gentleman Sir 
Philip Musgrave. They would then have endeavoured to effect an alteration in the 
government, setting up liberty of conscience, overthrowing the taxes, pulling down 
the bishops, and stopping the payment of tithes, and other obnoxious imposts. 
Tlio (Quakers were energetic in the scheme, and the plotters hoped to carry with them 


met with a partye of horse, about the number of 30 or above, 
Comandinge him to stand, demanded his name, and haveinge also 
a horse, required him to goe along. That Capt. Atkinson was 
there then, and rid upon a white horse, with a case of pistolls. 
And, inquireinge concerning the matter, one Capt. Waller answered 
that Fairfax would be up in armes that night, and that they weare 
up in Scotland and in Cumberland, and throughout all Englande. 
And that there was a hatter in Ravenstondale who said he neaver 
took up arms in his life, yet in this designe would venture as 
freely as any of the old soldiers, and had kept a hors for that 
purpos 2 months, and had amies with him. And saith that 
Eichard Richardson and John Waller, on Munday at night, rid 
for Corporall Watson, and were all to meet at Spittle that night. 
Askeinge wher ther wer armes, he was answered ther was 14 case of 
pistolls at Will. Goodlad's barne, and some at Capt. Atkinson's ; 
and that they declared against bishops ; and departed at Birkay, 
beyond Kaber-rigge, and Capt Atkinson and Capt. Waller spoke 
unto them, that haveing done no harme in the country, they might 
returne home and not be knowne. That two men came the 12th 
of October, at night, out of Yorkshire, one from Holbecke, a mile 
from Leeds, the other from Leeds; they informed those at the 
meeting that they came on purpose to give them notice their 
frends in Yorkshire would be in armes that night. They went 
away towards Barnard Castle from the same place: and, the 
weeke before, on Chris. Dauson came out of Yorkshire upon the 
same account to Rich. Richardson, of Crosby Garrat. Henry Petty 
said to the ex*^ last night, that the same night, or the next, the 
prissoners should be rescued out of the gaole att Apleby. 

Dec. 12, 1663. At Applebie, Thomas Greere confesseth, that 
he was at the meetinge at Kaber-rigge the 13th of October, beinge 
ingaged thither by Captaine Atkinson. He denyeth that he knew 
any more of the desygne then that they weere to follow Captaine 
Atkinson, who was to have leddthem that night into Bishopricke; 

the whole of the old Presbyterian party. Great names were bandied about as favour- 
ing the enterprise, as Fairfax, Wharton, Manchester, and others. It is probable that 
they knew nothing of the plot, for, although they could not approve of the measures that 
were so oppressive to their political opinions and religious creeds, they had too much 
good sense to involve themselves in a scheme from which no good whatever could 

Captain Atkinson was of Winton in Westmerland. He was the commander of 
the garrison in Appleby Castle for the Commonwealth, and forced the townsmen, 
at the sword's point, to elect a Roundhead mayor. The Wallers were a most respect- 
able family of statesmen. 

The depositions will tell their own tale. It will be seen that the Westmerland 
insurgents were in close communication with their brethren in Yorkshire. The 
rising would have been a very serious one if it had been properly organized. 


but upon Blrkey, neare Kaber-rigge, lie dismissed tbem without 
giveinge them any reasons why he did soe. He saith that he 
verily belecivcth that none in this cuntrey, exceptinge Captaine 
Waller, Serjeant Richardson, Reignalde Fawcett, or Thomas 
Wharton, can give any cleare account how the desygne was laid 
or what they aymed at. He saith, that, 2 dayes after he was 
brought to Appleby, he had there some discourse with Captaine 
Atkinson, who then tolde him that Collonell Waters was to heade 
the Yorkeshire men, Generall Browne, ^lason, and one Ludlow 
to leade the Southerne men, and one that lives neare Barnard- 
castle to heade the Bishopricke. He names these men to be at 
the meetinge upon Kaber-rigg, Captaine Atkinson, Captaine 
Waller, Henry Petty, Steven Wetherell, Thomas Fawcett, 
Yorkeshyremen, and one out of the Barrony; William Goodlad, 
John Waterson, John Fothergill, John Waller, Steven Bows- 
feilde, Nicholas Threlkelde, John Wilkinson, John Smith. He 
saith that one Robert Wharton, a shooemaker in Kendall, may 
discover mutch, for that he harde Captaine Atkinson and Regi- 
nalde Fawcett severall tymes (of late) make mention of him, and 
that Thomas Wharton, of Coategill, in Orton parish, was the 
agent amongst them. Aboute a fortnight before the riseinge 
was, he had a discourse with Capt. Ro. Atkinson, who told him 
he had beene at the Wells, in Yorkshire, with one Richardson,* 
and Richardson had a declaracion drawne, and that severall gen- 
tlemen in Yorkshire were joind with Richardson in the busines; 
and Atkinson said he had severall agents in the county to gaine 
and gett men to joine with him, and that there was likly to be a 
risinge, and that one Walter Greathead and JNIason f were all in 
it, and that the randavouse was to be at Northallerton, upon a 
Monday night the 8th of October. That the riseing was intended 
against the present government. 

Nov. 23, 1663. Before Sir Philip ]\Iusgrave and Richard 
Braithwaite, Esq. Wm. Goodlad saith, that they had some de- 
signe upon Carlisle, and Captaine Studholme was named as the 
principall at their meeting at Kabur. That two men came out 
of Yorkshire and brought orders, both which hee doth suppose to 
be Quakers, and that their would some thousands of people in 
London joyne with them, and that in Durham and in Yorkshire 
weare the most considerable numbers. That hee fynds a very 
great discontent in the country among the commons against the 

* A Dr. Richardson, who is several times mentioned as having been one of the in- 
citers af this plot at llarroKato. 

f This is the Captain Mason about whom some further information will soon be 


present government, and the Quakers are ingagcd in this designe 
That it was discoursed to have Sir P(hilip) M(usgrave) * taken 
prisoner at Hartley. That they expected declaracions, but the 
messengers durst not bring them, nor could Capt. Atkinson have 
' those to assist him out of the county of Durham whom he ex- 
pected, but was ordered to march to them with what forces hee 
had. If his forces had beene considerable hee intended to have 
seised upon the excise money which was in the hands of the clarke 
of the peace at Apleby, but he doth not knowe what persons 
weare to bee the most eminent commanders. 

Dec. 1663. Before liichard Braithwaite, of Warcop, Esq. 
William Goodlad saith, that Capt. liobert Atkinson was to be 
the commander of the forces he cold rayse heare, and soe was 
to march to Bishopricke: and had at one meeteinge neentene 
horse, being the l2th of October, beyond Kaber, called Birkett, 
wher they parted. And, as the ex* apprehended, that the said 
Capt. Atkinson was informed of some disapointment of the as- 
sistance he expected, and they was therfore counselled by the said 
Capt. Atkinson to depart to there severall homes, in regard there 
was noe hurt done in the country by them, and they parted dis- 
contently, himself and one man. The ex* receaved notice of this 
meeteinge not before Fryday before by Tho. Coear, of Kerby 
Steaven, who informed that ther was a designe in hand, and that 
they wer to march out of the county, and that Capt. Atkinson 
was to head them, and was in hope of help from Bishoprick and 
Yorkeshire, and to engage against his Majesty, and was told by 
him he was in great probability to compass their ends. Henery 
Petty and himself mett Capt. Atkinson comeing to Smardale 
Bridge, rideinge a white gray and had a case of pistolls and sword, 
and above ten with him, some in arms, and beleves as he heard 
that they were Quakers gave the notice in this country, 

William Goodlad saith, that, the Thursday before the meet- 
inge, he mett with Henry Petty, who told him that Tho. Greare 
would have this informant to meete Capt. Atkinson on the Mon- 
day night followinge at Kabar; and in that night he and Petty 
went together armed, videlicet, this informant had a sword and a 
pistoll, and Henry Petty had a sword and a case of pistolls, and 
each on horse backe; and they mett Captaine Atkinson aboute 
10 of the clocke in the night at Kavenstondale, nere the Scotch 
alehouse; that Atkinson gave the word to be " God be with us," 

* Sir Philip Musgrave, in whose hand this deposition is written, merely puts the 
initials of his own name. An autobiography of this noble gentleman was published 
a few years ago at Carlisle. He was as good a Christian as he was a brave soldier. 


and the designe of tlieir riseing in armes was against the present 
government. It was designed that Yorke and Carlile shouhJ be 
surpris'd, and the loyall gentlemen were to be seis'd and secur'd, 
and that severall partys out of Yorkeshire and Durham were to 
joine with those in Westmerland; and ther was a correspondency 
betweene the party in Yorkeshire and those in Westmerhnid ; that 
two persons came to Atkinson to give him notice that that night 
those in Yorkeshire would be up in armes. 

Dec. 17, 1663. Before Sir Philip Musgrave. Thomas Sutton, 
of Graystocke, saith, hee is well acquainted with Corporall John 
Watson, hee haveing scene him a corporall in Oliver's owne 
troope. The last tyme hee saw him was at Penrith, about 14 
dayes before Lammas, and since hath not scene him: and then 
hee told him hee had beene in Scotland, and at Dumfrees about 
some bussiness, but would not tell him what. Upon further dis- 
course, said that their should have beene a party in Scotland to 
have joyned with some in England, and have had a randevow att 
Darnton, but their designe was discovered, and some of them im- 
prisoned. And being asked how the Scotch should have come 
inn, hee said they would have brooke inn with about 800 horse 
and joyned with the English, and that, to the besteofthe ex** 
knowledge, the tyme hee spooke of for this designe should have 
beene about Yorke sises, but Corporall John Watson denied to 
have any hand in the bussiness or knew who weare ingaged. Hee 
said that hee had told this to John Hall at Penrith, and hee hath 
not heard anything of the late plott untill it was discovered. 

William llodjon saith, that John Watterson, of Great ]\Ius- 
grave, came to him and tould him that he could hclpe him to a 
souldier's place. On Munday night after the said Watterson 
tould him that 35 of them had beene together that night, but 
could not gett theire purpose about because Capt. Atkinson would 
not assist them, and he tould him that for all that befor Martin- 
mas day they hope to here other news; and farther the said John 
said that Lord Thomas Fairfax was able to raise 3,000 men to 
assist them, and that he was the chcife adgeint in this designe; 
and the said John did report that the foot which comes from 
Portingall was to lise with them, being in number 5,000. 

Apr. 20, 1664. Durham. Before Henry Lambton, John 
Tempest, Wm. Blakiston, Kalph Davison, and Cuthbert Carre, 
Esqrs. John Waller,* noic of Durliam, late of Mallerston in 

* The witness, who was the nophcw of one of the arch-rehels, had made his escape 
from Wostmcrlaiid to Uiirham. In llie sjiring of ]U(J4 he was recognised there by 
Robert Hilton, Esq. of Murlon, near Appleby, who swears before the Durham niagis- , 


Westmorland, yeoman, saith, hee was acquainted with this 
designe of rising about 5 weekes before the meeteing at Birka neare 
Duckintree, not far from Kabar, which was Oct. the 12, 1663. 
Hee was first acquainted with it by Tho. Wright of Castlewaith 
in Malterstone, near Pendragon castle, a Quaker, who, meeteing 
with him by accident, and this ex*^ telHng him hee was to goe 
into Yorkeshire, the said Wright told him he knew his busines. 
Hee, denying it, told him Yes, hee was sure hee knew of a plott 
in agitacion, and that, before hee could returne, it would bee 
put into execution. After which, hee goeing his intended 
journey, hee called at the Well, where his unckle, Capt. Atkinson, 
then was, and at that tyme one Gorge Rumford was with him, 
who came as a messenger out of the county of Durham, and, at 
the first, hee, scrupleous to speake anything in the presence 
of this ex*, but being assured by Capt. Atkinson that hee might 
relie upon his trueth and secresy, hee did then expresse himselfe 
at large, and told them that the county of Durham was in soe 
good a position that they could in a nyght's tyme raise 7 or 800 
able fighting men, horse and foot, and that they could secure 
that county, and assist their neighbours with a considerable party, 
and that hee brought his assurance from John Joblin.* The 
next night his unckle, Capt. Atkinson, went 7 miles farther to a 
place within 2 miles of Bradford, where there was a meeteing of 
severall persons out of divers countreys, and there, as his 
unckle, Capt. Atkinson, told this examinate, it was resolved 
there should bee a riseing, which was to have beene about three 
weekes before the riseing which was els where, or they should 
have tymely notice accordinge. Soe it was deferred till the 12th 
of October last, when they did meete accordingly at Birka neare 
Caber, to the number of seventeen, some armed and some not. 
When the number appeared to bee soe inconsiderable, Capt. 
Atkinson told them that, since there meeteing did not answere 
there expcctacion, hee thought it best that every man should 
returne to his owne home, to which some of them appeared very 
unwilling, protesting they would goe on, and did accordingly 
march to Birka, where they drew upp and then dissolved; but 
what was said there hee knowes not, haveing left them. Hee 
saith hee knowes few of the names of the persons who mett at 
Birka, and saith that hee beleiveth that Tho. Fothergill of 

trates that Waller had lieen very actively engaged in the recent plot, and that he was 
indicted at the last Westmerland assizes. 

* This person was actually the gaoler at Durham. He was imprisoned at York for 
several years. 


Ravenstonclale ncare Ncwbifro-on can name 8 or 9 in Orton 
parrish and Eavcnstondalc, and John Wilkinson can" give an 
account of severall who either did, or had appointed to meete 
at a house on the topp of a hill neare Appleby uppon the said 
rebellious designe. Hee saith that liee hath heard Kumford and 
Capt. Atkinson declare that it was there intention that those 
who made noe resistance should not bee injured, but those that 
stood in opposicion to them should all bee putt to the sword, 
flee heard Capt. Atkinson say that the Lord Wharton, Lord 
Fairefax, and the Earle of Manchester were acquainted with 
this plott, and that hee had assurance that they would joyne 
with them, and this hee did averr to have from persons that 
would not deceive him. Hee saith that Tho. Greere told him 
that one Studham and others in Carlisle had sent word that 
himselfe, with others that would joyne with him in the garrison 
there, would declare for them, and that the gates should be 
throwne open, soe that they should become master of it without 
bloudshed. Hee saith that there were 2 Quakers whose names 
hee knowes not, and pretended to be woolemen, who brought 
assurance from John Joblin aforesaid to Capt. Atkinson, and did 
likewise acquainte this ex'^ that they weere able in the county of 
Durham, both to doe there owne busines, and assist them in 
Westmorland with a troop of horse, if it weere needfull, uppon 
intimacion to bee sent to John Joblin that they stood in need of 
there assistance. 

May 1, 1664. Durham. Before Fr. Bowes, John Heath j 
and John Tempest, Esqrs. John Waller, being further exa- 
mined, sayth, that he doth remember when he was at the 
Wells and Harrigate in Yorkeshirc, theare were theare at that 
time three or fower Scottish gentlemen, with their servants, 
whom he conceived to be driving on the plott theare, whicli he 
doth the rather beleive because his uncle, Kobert Atkinson, 
informed him so much, and, as he remembreth, the liveryes wore 
yellowish with a black edging. He saith that, by the discription 
made of these persons by Mr. George Hume, the present gaoler 
of Durham, he beleiveth it was Sir Dungan Campbell and some 
other Scotislimcn, who lay severall weekes about the Wells or 
Harrigate at the same time. He further sayth, that, to the best 
of his knowledge, and by the discription given to this ex* of 
him, one John Ward was one of the partyc^s who came in the 
habit of a woolman to his uncle Kobert Atkinson in Mallerstang, 
toti-ethcr with his companion, being both imployed by John 
Jopling, late gaoler of Durham, and some other his associates 
(whom he knoweth not) as theyaHermcd; who did assure that 


they were all in a readiness to rise in armcs; and that, if West- 
merland did stand in need of assistance, John Jopling, upon 
notice to be given to him, would send them a party of horse. 
And further, that the time appointed for the rising did stand. 
He saith that, if he be confronted with the said John Ward, he 
shall be able positively to say whether he were one of the persons 
imploycd in the message. He further sayth, that, about 3 weekes 
before the 12th of October -last, one Robert Waller, who was 
this ex^s uncle, and since executed at Appleby, as hee hath heard, 
did desire him to come into the bishoprick of Durham with a 
message to John Jopling, who had bin the gaoler at Durham 
under the late usurped powers ; and, that he might have creditt 
with the said Jopling, the said Eobert Waller gave him a word 
or signall, which, as he remembreth, was " God with us," and 
did withall assure him that upon that word or signall he should 
have full credence. 

The effect of the message was that he the said Jopling should 
send them a party or troope of horse, according to a former pro- 
mise that he had made tliem to that purpose, but this ex*^ refused 
to take upon him that imployment. And about the same time 
theare came a messinger to them out of Yorkeshire signifying that 
the rising then designed was putt of untill the 12th of October. 
He further sayth that his uncle, commonly called Captainc At- 
kinson, tould this ex^e that what passed amongst them in this de- 
signe was not put into writing, and that they did manage all their 
intelligens by messingers, who gave account of their intentions by 
word of mouth; and that they did never intrust any of these 
things to letters. He further sayth, that the sayd Captaine At- 
kinson tould him that they had assurances that a considerable part 
of the trayned bands in the West Riding in Yorkeshire would 
joyne with them in their rebellious designe, and that he had this 
assurance from those that would not give him a wrong information, 
whicli he beleiveth were Atkinson the hosyer and others that did 
sitt in councell upon the late plott within two or three miles of 
Bradford. And having thus farr unburdned his conscience, and 
declared the uttmost of his knowledge, he doth earnestly profess 
that if he knew any thing further he would declare it, although 
with the certayn loss of his owne life, and ruine of his nearest 
relations ; and if anything hearafter shall come to his memory, 
which at the present he can not recollect, he shall not fayle to 
make a just and perfect relation of it. Being asked concerning a 
letter now shewed unto him, he sayth that he doth acknowledge 
it to be his hand, but doth protest in the presence of God that 
it was not with an intention to send it to any man, theare being 


none such at Eiclimond, or any other place, as it is directed unto; 
and tliat he writt it meerly as scribling what came into his fancy 
by accident, without designe ; and that it hath nothing of pri- 
vate meaning more than what he liath ah'eady declared. And if 
it shall appeare to be otherwaies he shall willingly and readily 
submitt himselfe to the severest punishments of the law, and ex- 
pect nothing of his Majesty's mercy, in which he doth now wholy 
rely. He further sayth, that the person who went by the 
name of Docter Eichardson, if he could be taken, can give the 
most perfect account of the whole transaction of this business; 
and that he hath heard his uncle Atkinson say that the said 
Richardson had the declaration in which were sett downe the 
grounds and reasons of their rising within a quarter of an hower j 
before he was apprehended by the order of the high sheriff of J 
Yorkeshire, and that he had layd it out of his pockett by accident " 
within that short space before he was taken. j 

July 1, 1664. Before Sir Philip Musgrave, &c., at Penrith. 
Joseph Adamson, jnn., of Crostkivaite, co. Cumberland, yeo., 
sayth, that John Walker, of Litle Braithwaite, taylor, did, aboute 
the 20th of Jan. last past, at Samuel Radclife's, in Keswicke, say 
to this informant, that John Studdart, his maister, and hee, did 
fix and dresse foure case of pistols, six swords, and twentie fire 
lockes the Fryday next before the day of the last plott ; and that 
night his sayd maister heareing some company about the house, 
caused him to looke forth of a windowe, to see what company 
they weare ; where he saw aboute fifteen horse of the persons his 
master expected, three of which the sayd Walker lett in to the 
house of his sayd maister, of which Thomas Williamson, of Nad- 
dall, was the first, who then sayd " Now or never!" and which 
company the sayd John Studdartt did then furnish with armes. 
About a weeke after the tyme the last plott should have beene, 
this informant being at James Bowes' smithy in Portinshaile, one 
John Beebey (a servant to the sayd John Studdartt) brought 
thither two mviskett-barrells, which hee caused the sayd smith to 
make into two gavelockcs; and when the smith was makeing of 
the same, the one of them (being charged^ went of, and shott a 
brace of bulletts. 


Oct. 23, 1663. Before Sir James Pennyman, Kt., deputy 
lieutenant. Ralpli Ilobinson, of Cockertoii* sayeth, that he with 

* A deposition which throws some light upon the intended rising in the county of 


divers others, botli Presbitcrs and Anabaptists, were to rise in 
armes on Tuesday the 13th of this month, and to meete upon 
Woodam Moore, in Bishopbrigg, by 7 of the clock in the morn- 
jng, and that one Jones was to commannd the Bishopbrigg horse, 
whose wife .... London. And he, farther, saycth he saw the 
sayd Jones about 7 weekes since att Great Ackley, in Bishopbrigg, 
wlio then told him the rising was to be through England : that 
their pretence was to pull downe all prisons, quitt all taxes, and 
sett upp liberty of conscience. He further sayeth, that Theodore 
Parkinson was ingaged in the plott, and that when the officers 
tooke him att Yarme, he was comyng to him, being att Battersby, 
to gett him along with him to the place of meeting, and that the 
sayd Parkinson was to be a trooper in the busines, and that they 
were all to be horse and dragoones. He sayth he knew nothing 
of the day of rising till the sayd Parkinson sent him word from 
Stoxley by one Tho, Randall, a Quaker, living at Cockerton, that 
it was to be on the 13th. He sayth that William Carter, living 
at or neere Appleton, was to be a capt. of horse amongst the 
plotters. He sayeth that John Robinson, of Woorsall, and Wm. 
Massam, of Farnaby, were likewise ingaged, and that Chr. Whit- 
ton, of Little Ayton, was to be a trooper. He sayeth that one 
Lassells, living neere Osraotherley, was ingaged, and beleeves it 
is the same Capt. Lassells who lives att Mountgrace. He sayth 
one Major Scarth, living in Cumberland, was ingaged. The 
forenamed Jones gave him informacion of all the forenamed per- 
sons. He confesseth himself was to be a trooper amongst the 
plotters, and hath knowen of the intented rising this tenne weeks. 
The sayd Jones tould him there was to be a collection amongst 
the Presb iters and Anabaptists to pay what souldiers that (they) 
could rayse. 


Oct. 28, 1663. William Jlage, of Woodchurch, husband7nan* 
saith, that, on Monday the 12th of October last, he mett William 
Askwith, alias Sparlinge, aboute 8 of the clocke at night, nere 
Howley parke, and he did confesse that he and Wm. Tolson had 

Durham, or the Bishopric, as it was very frequently called. Mr. Surtees gives an ac- 
count of the Muggleswick plot, which was identical with those at Kaber and Farneley 
Wood. Robinson and Parkinson were kept in prison at York for many years. 

* A deposition relating to the Farneley Wood plot, of which there is a full account 
in Dr. Whitaker's Loidis and Elmete. Sparling was a prisoner in York Castle for a 
long time, but escaped the gallows. 


beene in the parke to searcla for two horses of Sir Kichard Tan- 
kerd's, and that they did intend to have rise with Captaine Thomas 
Gates. Aboute two dayes after this informant apprehended 
him upon the kite plott, and he told this informant that on the 
night after they parted he went to Morley to Gates his house, that 
Gates was gone to Farneley Avood, and beinge too late to goe he 
returned home againe And one Samuell Ellis did confesse to 
this informant that he went to IMorley to be a trumpiter to a 
troope of horse under Capt. Gates, and had the Lord Castleton's 
trumpett with him, 

John Avyard saith, that he apprehended John Fawcer for the 
late plott, and he did confesse that he was in amies in Farneley 
wood with Captaine Gates and others, to the number of 25 per- 
sons or thereabouts. 


Nov. 10, 1663. Before Sir James Clavering, Bart., Mayor of 
Newcastle. Jane, loife of Wm. Milhurne, of Neiocastle,'^ sayth, 
that, aboute a month agoe, shee sent her maid to one Daniell 
Strangers, of this towne, cooper, to gett some caskes cooped; and, 
when her servant came there, Dorothy, his wife, did say to her, 
" Whatt was the reason that your dame did not invite her to the 
weding supper?" And further said, that she would make her 
repent itt, and deare to her. This informant sayth that Fryday 
gone a seaven night, aboute 8 o'clock att night, she being alone 
and in chamber, there appeared to her something in the perfect 
similitude and shape of a catt. And the said catt did leape at her 
face, and did vocally speake with a very audible voyce, and said, 
that itt had gotten the life of one in this howse, and came for this 
informer life, and would have itt before Saturday night. To 
which she replyed, " I defye the, the devill and all his works." 
Upon which the catt did vanish. And upon Saturday last, aboute 
8 of the clock in the morneing, she goeing downc to the seller for 
to draw a quart of beare, and opening tlie seller dore, which was 
locked, she visibly did see the said Dorothy Stranger standing in 
the seller, leaneing with her amies upon one of the hodgheads, and 
said then to this informer, " Theafe, art thow there yett? thy life 
I seekc, thy life I. will have:" and had a small rope in her hand 
and did attemp to putt it over her head aboute her neck, biit she 

* The Uepositioii of ii weak (IoIikUhI woman in Newcastle, who imaginoJ that she 
liad been bewitched. It is strange that any magistrate shuulJ write down such ridi- 
culous evidence. 


did hinder lier with her hands. Further, she did take upp 
a quart pott, and demanded a drinke, butt she would give her 
none. Whereupon the said Dorothy said that she would make 
her rue itt. I'o which this informer rcplyed that she defyed her 
and all her disciples. And Stranger answered againe, "Although 
thow be strong in faith. He overcome itt att the last." Upon 
Sunday last aboute one of the clocke, this informer putting on 
her clothes in her chamber to goc to church, there did appeare to 
her a catt of the same shape as the former, and did leape att her 
throat, and said, " Theafe, I'le not overcome ye as yett." To 
which this informer replyed, " I hope in God nor never shall." 
And the said catt did bite her armc, and did hold itt very fiist, 
and made a great impression in her arme with her teeth, and did 
lett her hold goe and disappeared. And yesterday, in the after- 
noone, aboute 2 of the clock, this informer comeing downe the 
stares, the said catt did violently leape aboute her neck and 
shoulders, and was soe ponderous that she was not able to support 
itt, but did bring her downe to the ground, and kept her downe 
for the space of a quarter of an howre. And was soe infirme and 
disenabled that the power of both body and tongue were taken 
from her. And the last night, aboute 9 of the clock, this in- 
former being in bedd with her husband, the said Dorothy did in 
her perfect forme appeare to her, and tooke hold of the bed 
clothes and endevored to powle them of, but could not. And 
then and there the said Stranger tooke hold of her arme and pulled 
her, and would have pulld her out of bed if her husband had not 
held her fast, and did nip and bite her armes very sore, and tor- 
mented her body soe intollerably that she could nott reet all the 
night, and was like to teare her very heart in peeces, and this 
morneing left her. And this informer veryly belelves that the 
said catt which appeared to her was Dorothy Stranger, and non 
else. And she haveing a desire to see her did this morneing send 
for the said Dorothy, butt she was very loth to come, and comeing 
to her she gott blood of her, at the said Stranger's desire, and 
since hath been pritye well. 

8 Aug. 1664. Re-examined. She sayth, that after she had 
gotten blood she was in very good condicon, and was not molested 
for a quarter of one yeare. And aboute the 16th of January, 
being in bedd with her husband, aboute one of the clock in the 
morneing, the said Dorothy Stranger, in her owne shape, ap- 
peared to this informer in the roome where she was lyeing, the 
dores being all lock fast, and said to her, " Jane, Jane, art thou 
awaken?" She replyed, " Yes." Upon which the said Stranger 
answered, " I am come here to aske of the forgiveness for the 



wrong 1 have done the, and if thow will never treble nie for 
whatt I have formerly done to the, I doc promisse never to molest 
or troble the as long as tliow lives." Upon the speakeing of 
which words she did vanish away. Aboute a month before 
she appeared as aforesaid, this informer being sitting alone in 
her howse, in a roome two storey high, there did then violently 
come rushing in att one of the paines of the window a grey catt. 
And itt did transforme ittselfe into the shape of the said Dorothy 
Stranger, in the habitt and clothes she weares dayly, haveing an 
old black hatt upon her head, agreene waistcoate, and a brownish 
coloured petticoate. And she said, " Thou gott blood of me, 
but I will have blood of thee before I goe." And she did flye 
violentlye upon this informer, and did cutt her over the joynts of 
the little finger of both her hands, and did scratch her and gott 
blood. And havinge a black handercheife aboute her necke, she 
did take itt away, and never see the same since, and did then 
vanish away. 

Eliz. Stranger, widow, saytli, that, aboute six or scaven yeares 
agoe, her daughter Jane, then wile to Oswald Milburne, baker and 
brewer, being in the Sandhill, did meete with Dorothy Stranger, 
who said to her, "Thou shalt never see the Sandhill againe." 
And comeing liome imediatly slie fell sick and lanwished above 
2 a yeare and dyed. And in her sicknes tooke very sad and 
lamentable fitts, and did cry out most hydeously, saying, " Ah, 
that witch-theafe, my ant Dorithy, is like to pull out my heart. 
Doe not yow see her ? Doe not yow see her, my ant Dorothy 
that witch?" And did to her very last howre cry out of the said 
Dorothy Stranger. 


' Nov. 21, 1063. George Knowles^ of Skipton^ sayth, that, on 
29th October, cominge from Kighley in the way towards Skipton, 
he mett with one William Day,* of Skipton, sometime a souldicr 
against his JNlajestic, at Steeton brow foote. And the saide Daye, 
laughinge and jecringCj said that he knew well such and such 
men wcare })lottcrs in the late plott, but he wold be hanged 
before he wold discover them. 

* Another witness says tli^it Day '' had formerly beenc a trunii)eter in the KingeV 
arniie, and afterwardcs a trooper in Lambert's regiment, and a violent person." 



Dec. 19, 1663. Before Cuthbert Wade, Esq. Chr. Ho(l<json, 
of Gargrave, gentleman* saith, that haveinge formerly lived in 
Brougliton, where one Mr. Henry Hanson dwelleth, and beinge 
verie intimately acquainted with him, the said Hanson did seve- 
ral! times acquaint this informant that there was a greate plott or 
a designc on foote or in agitacion, and said that this designe was 
for the good of the Commonwealth, for the takeinge awayc of 
excise, harth-money, and other taxes. And scverall times did 
askc this informer if he would be or weare willinge to joyne with 
them (sayeinge hiraselfe was one had promised to make one in the 
same designe,) to take upp armes with them; and he never mett 
him betweene Midsomer and Michaelmas last past, but the said 
Hanson did aske him if he weare resolved to goe on with him in 
the said designe. And the said Hanson told him that one Colo- 
nell Ludley was to heade that partie, or to be cheefe, and that 
one Atkinson, a stockiner, was cheefe intelligencer in these parts 
too and from the said Ludley, and that there was a partie in the 
dales to rise for the carrying on of the said plott, which Atkinson 
was to head, and one Iveson, his neighbor in Broughton, and for- 
merly a servant to one quarter-maister Shrigley, wold be one, and 
he thought there wold be a very considerable partie in Craven 
willinge to joyne. 

Richard Allan saith, tliat on the 13th of October last he 
inquired at Hanson's house whether he was at home or not, and 
his wife, cominge to the dore, said " What is your businesse with 
him?" This informent did answer, to knowc if they were all 
well, and then he demanded a delivery of what armes there were 
in the house. But she reply ed she dirst not deliver them, and 
said that her husband had not beenc at home of two nights before, 
and there were sixe score persons in number combined together, 
and she was alFraid her husband was amongst them, and if he 
came home she desired that his master, Mr. Justice Drake, would 
use some raeanes to secure him. 


A true bill against James Parker, of Rodwcll, yeo., for saying, 

* Another deposition relating to the Yorkshire plot, A Craven gentleman is im- 
plicated in it. He was in prison for some time, and was bound over to keep the peace; 

I 2 



on Nov. 18, 1663, " I served Oliver * seavenyeares as a souldier, 
and if any one will put up the finger on the accompt that Oliver 
did ingage, I will doe as much as I have done. As for the Kinge 
I am not beholdino;c to him. I care not a fart for him." 


Dec. 26, 1663. Before Walter Hawksworth, Esq. Joshua 
Wilkes, of Bradford, blacksmith, saith, that, on the 12 of October 
last, one Jeremy Booth, of Bradford, blacksmith, tould this ex^ 
that that night there would bee a riseing,t and that some persons 
weerc to meet for that purpose in a close in Maningham called 
Tong lands, and that one John Lowcock, of Bradford, sadler, 
was to bee a leivetenant or some other officer, and that Henry 
Bradshaw, of JManingham, should bee a captain, and that Mr. 
Waterhowse, of Bradford, was to sett out a horse, and Richard 
Walker, of the same, was to sett out another. 

Jcremij Booth, of Bradford, blacksmith, saith, that upon the 
12tli of October last, one John Lowcock, of Bradford aforesaid, 
sadler, tould this ex*^ that there would bee that night a riseing in 
the country, and that severall persons fitted for that purpose weere 
to meet him in Maningham neare to Henry Bradshaw's howse 
there that night, and that the said Lowcock was to bee a quarter 

* The prisoner was acquitted at tlie assizes. The misrule and the many vices of 
Gharles II. made the people contrast his government very frequently with that of 
Cromwell. The Dissenters could not but remember the Protector, or Oliver, as he 
was familiarly called. It was long before this feeling was extinguished. In July, 
1667, Pepys notes down in his Diary, "It is strange how everybody do now-a-days 
reflect upon Oliver, and commend him, what brave things he did, and made all the 
neighbour princes fear him ; while here a prince, come in with all the love and 
prayers and good liking of his people, who have given greater signs of loyalty and 
willingness to serve him with their estates than ever was done by any people, hath lost 
all so soon." 

On Nov, 30, 1663, John Meynel, of Thornaby, gen. deposed before Sir James Pen- 
nyman " that one John L.ascells, of Little Syddell, in the p.arish of East Harsley, did, 
about March last, say that the Parliament that tooke away the King's life was legall 
and just, and did say to him in October last that he should see a sudden alteracion of 
of this present government, and that very speedily. And the wife of the said Lascells 
did say that the King's court was noe better than a bawdie house." 

The Lascellcs were engaged in the Farneley Wood plot. 

Dec. 14, 1663. Arthur Shafto, of Ncwcastle-on-Tyne, smith, and Mungo Kell, 
keelman, heard, at Stella, one Edward Cuthbert say to Kell, " If thou and the King 
were both liangd, it would been good for the Commonweal. And he would warrant 
him before the l)cst law in England." 

t A deposition which shews that there were men in Bradford who were implicated 
in the Farneley Wood plot. That town has been already connected with it, and it is 
evident that the sjjirit of disall'ection pervaded a groat part of the West Riding. 


master in that busines, and that the said Henry Bradshaw was to 
bee a captain; and that the said Lowcock had beene three 
nights ryding abroad about that busines, and that one William 
Swayne, smith, of Bradford, did lend him his mare for that ser- 
vice; and, further saith, that the said Lowcock further tould 
this ex*^ that Richard Walker, of Bradford, mercer, was to sett 
forth a horse for that service, and that one Dawson should ryde 
him, and Mv. Jonas Waterhouse another, and the said William 
Swayne another ; andsaith that this ex*askeing him, the said Low- 
cock, how they would doe for amies and amuniccon, hee answered 
they should have enough, and the said Walker would furnish 
them with powder. And this ex' further saith that in the even- 
ing one John Wilkinson, of Bradford, cloathdresser, 

came to this ex*, and then tould him that hee had then beene at 
the howse of one Hugh Sawley, in Bradford, and that there hee 
had then beene Avith the said Henry Bradshaw, and that there 
was in company Avith him one John Kitchin, of Bradford, com- 
monly called trooper Kitchin, and his wife, and that the said 
Bradshaw then offered the said Wilkinson a horse to ryde, if hee 
would goe to the intended riseing, and at the same tyme, likewise, 
another upon the same tcarmes to the said Kitclien ; but the said 
Wilkinson then tould this ex* that the said Kitchin's wyfe replyed 
that her husband should not goe imles the said Bradshaw went 
himself, and further saith that at the tyme aforesaid the said Wil- 
kinson further tould this ex' that the horses which Avccre soe 
offered by Bradshaw to Wilkinson and Kitchin weere then at the 
said Hugh Sawley 's, and that the hostler, Christopher Bawden, 
there should helpe them to them; and the said Wilkinson did 
likewise tell this ex* that the said BradshaAv had said, that if hee 
had not had occacion to meet Major Gr. . . . head hee would first 
have secured Mr. John Weddall, Mr. Tho. Wood, and Jeremy 
Bower, if they had beene then at home, and then have gone along 
with them, meaning the said Kitchin and Wilkinson. 


Jan. 19, 1663-4. Before Sir Francis Fane, K.B., Sir Tho. Os- 
burne, Bt., Sir Godfrey Copley, Bt., Sir John Dawney, Kt., Sir 
Ralph Knight, Kt., John Wentworth, Roger Portington, Wm. 
Adams, Thos. Yarbrough, and Wm. Spencer, P^sqrs., at the Don- 
caster Sessions. 

William Jackson, of A tterclife,joij7ier, sayth, that, the Tues- 
day before AVhitsunday last, John Dixon was leaneing in his 


shopp window, and George Parkin,* of Attercliife, a knife-maker, 
came, and when Dixon saw him come, hce went away, and 
Parkin said, " John Dixon will not stay if hee see me come." To 
whome the informer said, " You must bee civill, for hee is an 
honest poore man and the King's servant." To whom Parkin 
answered, " A Kinge ! wee were better without a King then with 
one, for though wee have a Kinge, the old block remaines still ; 
for hee first sent to see what wee would give him, then hee sent for 
money for our heades, and lastly, for sesements, soe hee intends to 
send soe long, till hee make us all beggers like to himselfe." And 
upon Tuesday, being the 15th of October last, hee ftirther said 
that there would come a change ere long, and then hee would 
bannish both the informer and all his like, kebbs as they were. 
And, on the first of October last, hee said, " Now the trayned 
bands are raysed ; but before the twelve month's end wee shall see 
Kinge Charles his head in a pooke, as his father's was." 


March 21, 1663-4. Before Walter Calverley, Esq. Rosamond, 
wife of Jeremy Bowei\ of Bradford,] habherdasher, says that, on 
the 16th of March, one John Lyley of Bradford came unto her 
house, and, after some discourse had with her about her husband's 
carrying of him to Yorke before the last goale delivery, the said 
Lyley questioned her what authority her husband had to carry him 
to Yorke. To which the said Rosamond replyed that her husband 
had an order to show for what he did therein. And the said 
Lyley said to her, " Your husband sought my life, or he would have 
my head upon the toll-booth of Bradford, but if his head went, more 
should goe with it." And he said that he had had her husband's 
life forty tymes offered him, and he could have hanged him when 
he would. And she replyed, he would not have suffered unles he 
went contrary to the law and government, but some had suffered 
unjustly, for the late King had soe suffered. Whereupon he said, 
" Will you say soe? (repeating the words 3 tymes). He suffered 
justly, and had a fair tryall, and just witnesses; but soe had not 
they," meaneing (as the informant conceived) the persons that 

* The accused was acquitted at the assizes. He had made use of violent language 
but there is some sense in a portion of what he said. ' 

t The wife of a person who seems to have played the part of a constahle and an in- 
former at Bradford, has a story to tell against a' poor man wlio had been in trouble 
in 1GG3. She evidently tries to draw him out, and then lays an information against 
him. It is most unfortunate that justice should be obliged' to make use of such dis- 
reputable tools. 


were condemned att the last goale delivery att Yorke; whomc he 
had formerly called upon that discourse Martyres, and said foure 
tymes as much blood would be required att the hands of the un- 
righteous. And further said, " Did not the late King and Earlc 
of Strafford bring all this trouble upon the land? and wcc were 
too hasty before, but within this lialfe yeare they should see more 
then they had scene before." 


March 21, 1663-4. Before Edward Elwick, Lord Mayor of 
Yprk. Elizabeth Wall, servant to the Lord Fairfaa.', of Apple- 
ton, saith, that a little before the tyme that the Duke of Buck- 
ingham came last into Yorkeshire, one Wm. Hurd came into the 
daryhouse at Nunappleton, and told this informant that he heard 
of a plott,* and that there would be some rising, or words to that 
effect, if they thought they might have my Lord's assistance. 
To which this informant made answcre that she knew both my 
Lord and my Lady did abominate such things. And thereupon, 
at the same tyme, to the best of her remembrance, the said Wil- 
liam Hurd told her that Edward Bolland was to come to my Lord 
Fairfax: howbeit she doth not know or beleeve that the said 
Edward Bolland hath beene with my Lord Fairfaxe since that 



March 25, 1664. Indicted at the Assizes for not coming to 
church. Seacroft.'f Alice Mallison, sp*", Thomas Deardon. Scar- 
croft. John Ryther, sen., gen., John Ryther, jun., and Mary his 
wife. Roundhay. Wm. Huby. Barwicke. Sir Stephen Tempest, 
kt., and Anne his wife, Thomas and William Hard wick, Francis 

* A deposition which throws some light upon Lord Fairfax's conduct during the 
Yorkshire rising. The insurgents, some of whom had fought with him during the 
wars, looked to him for countenance and aid, especially as in his religious views he had 
a strong leaning towards their own opinions. They were, however, disappointed. 
Fairfax had become disgusted with the party that he served, and he never approved of 
the excesses into which it ran. He was vehemently opposed to the death of the King. 
At his trial Lady Fairfax boldly cried out that he was too honest to be there. He per- 
mitted Monk to enter England ; and now, in 1663, when it was expected that he would 
have supported the insurgents, his maid-servant answered very truly for him that her 
Lord and her Lady abominated such things. 

t A summai-y of the lists of Nonconformists that were prepared by the village con- 
stables and forwarded to York. These lists, of which several will be given, ai'c of 
great value. They are put together, it will be seen, in the most capricious manner, 
with no order as to districts. 


Johnson, Mary Clerkeson, George Clerkcson, Wm. Huby, Wm. 
Smith. Whorleton in Cleveland. Wm. Huddleston, Eliz. wife of 
Richard Harker, Ellen wife of James Wetherell, Wm. Sloman, 
Wm. Robinson and Jane his wife, James Runinge and Susanna 
his wife. Malthy. James Lownsdale and ]\Iary his wife, Laur. 
Wright and Jane his wife, Wm. Browne and Anne his wife. 
Stokesley. Sir Richard Foster, Bt., and Clare his wife, ]\Iary Met- 
calfe, widow, Chr. Lowicke, Lucretia Lowicke, widow, Robert 
Lowicke and Mary his wife, James Kirby and Margaret his wife, 
Richard Wilkinson and Anne his wife, Richard Garbut and 
Elizabeth his wife, Stephen Wilkinson and Merial his wife, 
John Thomson and Katherine his wife, John Dobson and Mar- 
garet his wife. Hilton. Anthony Dawson, gen., Stephen and 
Wm. Tiplady, Michael Walker and Anne bis wife, George 
Walker and Anne his wife, Margaret Grayson, widow, Everel 
Ingledew, widow, Everel Johnson, spinster, George Butler and 
Elizabeth his wife, Robert Bare, Thomas INfarwood. Seamer, 
George Harrison and Ellen his wife, JNIargaret Gotham, spinster. 
Bushij. John Banckes, sen., Chr. Banckes and Jane his wife, 
Jane Bird, spinster, John Banckes, jun., and Elizabeth his wife, 
John Banckes, Joan Banckes, spinster, Robert Young, Ellen 
Barwicke, spinster. Kirbi/. Elizabeth Jackson, spinster, Robert 
Simson, laborer, and Dorothy his wife, Wm. Rountree. llutton 
Rudby. John Billerby, Oliver Nicholson and Merrill his wife, 
Katherine Chapman, spinster, Mary, wife of Thomas Coulson, 
Ann Stainthrop, widow, Margaret Stockton, spinster, Thomas 
Appleton, Mary Appleton, widow, Wm. Parker, Mabell wife of 
Wm. Sayer, Ann wife of Robert Thomson, Thomas Young and 
Ann his wife, John Errington and Mary his wife, Michael Er- 
rington, Jane Thomson, spinster, Ursula Slinnan, spinster, An- 
thony Craggs and Eliz. his wife, Thomas Hunter and Jane his 
wife, Susanna wife of John Sayer, Thomas Bullisie and ]\Iargaret 
his wife, Stephen Chapman and Frances his wife, Francis Ripley 
and Elizabeth his wife, Mary Burden, spinster. Ayton Farva. 
Wm. Calvert and Isabel his wife. Holme Beacon. Edward 
Clarke, Thomas Leavening and Emett his wife, Robert Smith 
and Margaret his wife, Richard Smith, John Alleyn and Alice 
his wife, Frances and Ann Fox, spinsters, Thomas Smith, Ann 
Marshall, spinster, Ann wife of Robert Leavening, Thomas and 
Stephen Horseman, Robert Nicholson. Ifohne-in-Spcddimimore, 
Mary Blackburne, spinster, Grace Rushton, spinster, Thomas 
Dolman, gen., Ellen Man, widow, Anthony Man. Sliipion. Ed- 
ward Wilbcrfopsc and J*' ranees his wi(e, James Stephenson, Frances 
Stephenson, widow, Ann Wood, spinster, Robert Aislaby, Robert 


Appleton, George Thorlcy, Ann Musgravc, spinster, Barbara Ais- 
laby, spinster, Thomas Hessey and Margaret liis wife, Isabel Wood, 
widow, John Wood, Richard Spicer and Mary his wife, Barbara 
Rash, spinster. Bahwith. Margaret Beilby, spinster, Averil Raby, 
widow, Ann wife of Wm. Barton, sen., Mark Starke and Jane 
his wife, ]\Iary Grisedale, widow, Thomas Barker, Peter Vavasour, 
John Thorpe and Eliz. his wife, Mary Steed, spinster, Eliz. wife of 
Ralph Smith, Margaret Hebden, spinster, Isabel wife of Rowland 
Gardum, George Holborne. Melborne cum Storthwaite. Robert 
Butler, Barnard Pickering and Mary his wife, Thomas Browne and 
Barbara his wife, Ellen Mitchinton, widow, Jane Blanshard, spin- 
ster, Margaret Webster, spinster, Thomas Blanshard, sen., IMargaret 
wife of Robert Blanshard, Thomas Blanshard, jun. Newsliam, 
David Pickering and Katharine his wife. Aa<jhtO)i. George Buttcll 
and Mary his wife. Sklpseij. Thos. and Wm. Rich, Jane Rich, spin- 
ster, John Becke, Mary Becke, spinster, Mary Pilkington, spinster, 
John Pilkington, Ann Pilkington, spinster, Thomas Thompson, 
Ann Stabler, spinster. Ulrom. Robert Lenge, John Lenge, Jane 
Lenge, spinster, John Ramshaw and Ann his wife, Richard Lenge, 
Wm. Stringer and Ann his wife, John Hudson and Ann his wife, 
Henry Childe, James Cooke and Margaret his wife. Lelleji. John 
Eppenall and Mary his wife, Wm. Yeates and Jane his wife, John 
Yeates, John Sampson, Richard Appleton and Mary his wife, Ralph 
Balke, Eliz. Hart, spinster, Robert Gibson, Wm. Thorpe, jun., 
Joseph Fewson, Henry Jolmson, John Thorpe, jun., Thomas 
Gargill and Rebecca his wife. Ganstead. Ann Constable, spinster, 
Thomas Constable, Barbara Mascon, spinster, Ann, Eliz. and Ann 
Burne, spinsters. Sprotley. Nicholas Pearson and Bridgit his wife. 
South Skirley. John Hunt and Barbara his wife, David Thewson 
and Anne his wife. Waglien, alias Waune. Robert Hardy, Tho- 
mas Clarkeson, Wm. England. Flinton. Marmaduke Maske and 
his wife, John Ellis, Robert Collison, Chr. Turner. Elstermoicke 
and Danthorpe. John Thorpe and Jane his wife, Henry Hedney 
and Margaret his wife, Wm. Young and Mary his wife. West 
Newton, Burton, and Tanston. George Seaton and his wife, 
John Hobson and his wife, Thomas Kilpin, Ann Sprotts, spinster. 
Humhleton. John Sherefon and Frances his wife, Wm. and 
Robert Parkin, Eliz. Hansley, spinster, Ann wife of Peter Binckes, 
Prudence and Margaret Wilson, spinsters. Fitling. Michael 
Morton and Katharine his wife, Henry Young. Withernesey, 
Daniel Hardy, Sarah Hardy, widow, Richard Hardy and his 
wife, Thomas Joy and Alice his wife, Thomas Ashborne. Ryall 
and Camerton. Thomas Calvert and his wife, Margaret Calvert, 
spinster, James Sumner and Frances his wife. Pattrington. 


Eliza Toman, spinster, Thomas Standiield, Patricke Gibson and 
his wife, Wm. Plossum, Wm. Cocke. Bnrstrneke. Ralph Kirton 
and his wife, Leonard Metcalfe and his wife, Marm. Baxter and 
his wife, Philip Tuadon, Ann Jennisoii, and Ellinor Levit, spin- 
sters, Robert Johnson and his wife. Ottrimihnm. John Johnson 
and Mary his wife, Thomas Rosse and riane his Avife, Eliz. Ten- 
nison, spinster, Ralph Tennison, Richard Plancocke, Reuben 
Hancocke, Eliz. Hancocke, spinster, Robert Adam and Ann his 
wife, Wm. Nicholson, George Craw and Margaret his wife. 
Halsam. Wm. Owst and Secily his wife, Henry Stead and Mar- 
garet his wife, Robert Owst and Isabel his wife, Anthony Audas, 
Ursula Audas, spinster, Robert Owst and Anne his wife, Robert 
Owst and Mary his wife, Francis Thornely, John Dinnis and 
Alice his wife, ¥A\z. Norton, spinster. Holleijni. Gabriel Tom- 
linson, Margaret and Isabella Tomlinson, spinsters, Wm. Witwan, 
Eliz. Kitching, spinster, Robert Wood and Ann his wife, James 
Walker and his wife, Peter Johnson and his wife, Boulton 
Bart. Isabel wife of Richard Blanshard, Mary Hargill, widow. 
Wilberfosse. Joan wife of Robert Wright, Mary and Dorothy 
Wright, spinsters. Newton. Mary wife of Richard Bovill. 
Barnehy. Frances wife of George Tenney, John Wilson and Eliz. 
his wife, George Dcwsbury and Anne his wife. Aicsthers (sic). 
Robert Dolman and his wife, Ellen Oglethorpe, spinster, John 
Dolman and Ann his wife, Mary Langley spinster. Wressell. 
Eliz. Brunton and Mary Thistlewood, spinsters. Goodmadam. 
James Noble. Cotfingwifh. Mary ]\Iilner, spinster. Gristropp. 
John Vavasour and Julian his wife, Wm. Young and his wife, 
Isabel Story, spinster, Jolm Story. Ilton cum Pottoe. Robert, 
Thomas, and John Ward, Ann and Elizabeth Ward, spinsters, 
Richard King and Elizabeth his wife, Richard Handley. Sicin- 
ton cum Warthermaske. Anthony Adamson, Henry Adamson 
and Eliz. his wife, George Jackson and Frances his wife, Symon 
Pickersgill and Mary his wife, Wm. Smith and Alice his wife, 
John Smith and Alice his wife, Ann Thwaitcs, spinster. Massain. 
Jane Bridgewatcr, widow. KUhujton. Wm. Thwaite, Wm. 
Body, spinster. ElUngMring. Jane Smorthwaite, spinster. 
Fearhij. Edward Ryley and Isabel his wife, John Ryley. ffea- 
leij cum Sutto)!. Anthony Wade and fFane his wife, Francis 
Wade. Burto)i sifj>er [he. Roger Beckwith, Esq., Isabel Beck- 
with, spinster. Beedcdl. ]\Iarmaduke Grannge, Richard Pearson 
and his wife, Ralph Grannge and his wife, Matliew Inglcton and 
his wife, Wm. Lodge and his wife, Sara Smeaton, spinster, Chr. 
Lodge and his wife, Thomas Lodge, Bridget Stanley, spinster, 
George Pctch and his wife, Eliz. Wilson, spinster, George Pear- 


son and his wife. Welmarch. Robert Lumley and Alice his 
wife. Thorneton Watlas. Ann Williamson, spinster. Rooheioith 
cum Theme and Clifton.. John Wray and Eliz. his wife. Cat- 
fosse. Richard Woodell. Upton, Dringoe, and Brongli.. Thomas 
Nayler and Ann his wife. Beeforth. Leonard Browne, Jane 
Browne, George Ditch and Margaret his wife, Peter Seller and 
his wife, Thomas Sellar. Hornesey cum Burton. Alice Acklam, 
spinster, Jane Thorpe, spinster, John Gentleman, Prescilla New- 
sam, sj)inster, Oliver Richadge and JMargaret his wife, Wm. Lister 
and his wife, Robert Lamplough and Jane his wife, Ann wife 
of Thomas Acklam. Arnold, Ruston, and North Skirley. Tho- 
mas Thorpe and Dorothy his wife, George Gibson and Mary his 
wife. Brandslmrton. Nicholas Watkin and Alice his wife, 
Katharine wife of John Fenby. Hatfeild. Hugh Bagley and 
Mercy his wife. Bewhall super Nnnkeeling. John Raley and 
Ann his wife, Wm. Mitchell and Alice his wife, Joseph Mitchell, 
Margaret Mitchell, spinster, Ursula wife of Thomas Graimge, 
George Acklam, sen., and Eliz. his wife, George Acklam, jun., 
and Margaret his wife, Sarah Acklam, spinster, Peter Fusley and 
his wife, Secily Weeke, widow, John Walker and Dorothy his 
wife, Matthew Pearson, Ann Peirson, spinster. North Frodding- 
ham, Ralph Slater and Mary his wife, Wm. Jarrat, John Sug- 
den. Colden. Edward Collinson, Wm. Royce, Robert Burill. 
Siglesthorne. Margaret Blashell, spinster, Barmiston. John Wat- 
son and Anne his wife, Matthew Watson, John Winter, Dorothy 
Gibson, spinster. Withermvicke. Mary Jackson, spinster. Hemp- 
holme, Hayholme, and Halletrome. Francis Fisher and his wife, 
John Fisher. Seaton. George Smith, John Menpast, Anne 
Welborne, spinster, Mary Gartham, spinster. 


A true bill against Thomas Rownthwaite, of Studley Roger, 
labourer, for that he on 23 April, 1664, " capellam * apud 
Studley Roger fregit," and carried from it two waine loades of 
stones, and one waine loade of timber, ad valorem 405. 

* One of the many chapels in the neighbourhood of Fountains Abbey. All traces 
of it are now gone, and the very site is unknown. There were two other indictments 
preferred against Rownthwaite : viz., for breaking into the close of Wm. Ullithorne, 
and assaulting him. He was bound over to keep the peace. 

In 1666 Wm. Walsh of Altofts and eleven others were charged with breaking into 
the chapel at Shadwell, and were bound over to keep the peace, 



June 6, 1664. Before Edw. Ncvinson, Esq. Jolm Hewatson, 
saith, that Robert Tliornbiirrow, of Woodend, and he, belnge at 
some variance, about two days before hist Christmas, the said 
Robert did say, " Thou thinks because thou art asoldjer noe body 
Avill meddle with the, but thou and all thy brave captaines will 
be forc'd to take a hold tree or it be long."* 


July 1, 1664. Before Sir Philip Musgrave, &c. Chi: Irton, of 
Threlkeld, gen., says, that Wm. Dalston,t of Thwaitc, Esq., did 
say, that those persons that sufFerd at Appleby, at the last goale 
delivery, were stoote men and innocent men. 


July 20, 1664. Before Sir James Clavering, Bart., ]\Iayor of 
Newcastle. Anthony IIearon,X baker and brewer, sayth, that aboute 

* A Cumberland information. The prisoner evidently was wishful that the plot 
should be revived, and is bold enough to say so to a soldier. 

Richard Marsingill of Stacksby, mariner, was indicted for saying, on Jan. 14, 16G7-8, 
" If our Kinge had beene right hee would not have imployed such rogues to have beene 
souldiers. The land is badly ruled, and the King may come to make the same end his 
father made." 

t Mr. Dalston, a gentleman of antient family, is referring to Captain Atkinson, and 
his party of plotters, who were executed at Appleby. He denies using the words. 
There are, however, six witnesses against him. One of them charges Mr. Dalston with 
having said, " The men that sufferd at Appleby were proper and able men, and dyed 
sacklesse." Another heard him say, "That he would spend his blood in that same 
cause wicli they died in." 

A true bill was found at Carlisle against John Sixton, of Bowness, clerk, for saying 
in his sermon in Bowness church, on July 1, 1664, " Charles Stewart the Second is 
a tyrant, and brought in an army to destroy this nation." 

J A case of witchcraft from Newcastle. The sick person draws blood from the sus- 
pected witch and recovers. The poor woman asserts that she is innocent. A month after 
this the following depositions were taken. " Aug. 18, 1664. Before Sir James Claver- 
ing, Bt., Mayorof Newcastle, Wm. Thompson, of Newcastle,yeo., sayth that his daughter 
Alice, of the age of 17, hath beene for six weeks last by past most strangfully and wonder- 
fully handled, insoenuich that she does continually cry out of one Katherine Currey, alias 
Potts, that wrongs her, saying, " Doe you not see her? doe you not see her, where the 
witch theafe stands ?" And she doth continually cry out that she pulls her heart ; she 
pricks her heart, and is in the roonie to carry lier away. By leason whereof she is in 
great danger of her life. 

" Eilinor Thompson, sayth, that, by the space of these seavcn jeaics bypast,she hath 



five weeks agoc, one Jane Simpson, huckster, haveing chirryes to 
sell, Dorotliy, wife to this informer, bought of her a pound, and 
payd her 8d. And, reproveing her for takein^ more of her then 
she did of others per 2d. in the pound, the said Jane gave her 
very scurrellous and threating words. And within a fewe dayes 
after, the saide Dorothy tooke sicknes and hath beene most strangly 
and wonderfully handled, and in bedd had most sad and lament- 
able fitts, to the admiration and astonishment of all spectators, 
being sonietymes rageing madd, other tymes laughing and sing- 
ing, other tymes dispareing and disconsolate, other tymes very 
sofitary and mute. And, on Saturday last, aboute three of the 
clock in the morneing, she tooke a most sadd fitt, crying outt to 
this informer, who was in bedd with her, that one Isabell Atche- 
son and Jane Simpson did torment her, and were aboute the bedd 
to carry her away. And he had much to doe to hold and keap 
her in bedd. And she did cry, " Doe yow not sec them? Looke 
where they both stand." And the said Dorothy puttnig by the 
curten, he did clearly see Isable Atcheson standing att the bedd 
side, in her owne shape, clothed with a green waiscoate. And 
he calling upon the Lord to be present with him, the said Isabell 
did vanish. 


^V A true bill against Lionel Copley, Esq.,* for havmg at Rother- 
"am, on the 25th of Sept. 1664, beaten Richard Fu'th, put a 

bridle into his mouth, got on his back, and ridden him about for 

half an houre, kicking him to make him move. 

beene trobled by one Katherine Currey, widdow.severall tymes appearing in the night 
to her And the weeke before Fasterne-evening gone a twelve month she came to this 
informer in the markett and layd her hands upon this informer's shoulder, and say d, 
" My peck of meale sett thy kill on fire." And, within two dayes alter, the kill was 
on fire, to her great losse and damage." , ^ ,-^ j 

* A most extraordinary charge, so strange, indeed, that it can scarcely be credited. 
I know nothing further of the case ; but the culprit, if really he was guilty, must have 
been deranged. He was a gentleman of high family in the county, and his son Lionel 
became Governor of Hull and afterwards of Maryland. , , , 

It is evident that they were some peculiarities about Mr. Copley, and that he was not 
on the best of terms with his neighbours. In August 1666, Samuel and Ruth Wood 
were convicted of a conspiracy to defraud Lionel Copley, Esq. They were fined 
13.S. id. each, and were to be placed in the pillory at Rotheram on two several market 
days In March, 1667, I find that Francis Mountney, of Rotherham, gent., was con- 
victed of inciting the Woods to make their charge against Copley. It would be inte^ 
resting to know more of this affair. ^ ^ 

'}.'■./- ?Z2 



A true bill against Thomas Simpson,* of York, labourer, for 
breaking into Wliitby Church, on 23 Nov. 1664, and carrying 
off a surplice, a hood, a silke carpet, and two pulpit clothes. 


Jan. 31, 1664-5. Jolin Iloyle^ of Kigldey, saith, before Sir 
John Armitage, that, a month or five weekes before the discovery 
of the late plott, he heard Mr. Anthony Garforth,t of Steeton, 
say, " I desire you to lend mee ten pounds." And this inf^ tould 
him hee had it not. Then Mr. Garforth saide, if hee had it not, 
hee would have it some where, for hee would have tenne or 
twenty pounds lyeinge by him, for there will bee such a stirr as 
never was yett, for the Kinge hath declared himselfe to be a 
Komane Catholicke, and went to masse with the Queene, and 
saide that hee had the declaracon in his pocket. He would have 
declared the above unto Mr. Justice Waide, but that hee was 
interrupted by Lcivetcnant-Collonell Malhnm. 

* In the Calendar in March 1GG4&. Sinipsou is tlius described, "Thomas Simp- 
son, a desperate person, confiderate with AVood and Leightfoote, which was executed 
Lent Assizes last, denieing his name and calling himselfe John Readhead. Charged 
alsoe with robbinge of churches, and the felonious takeinge of two mares, haveinge a 
surplice, a minister's hood, and other church ornaments taken with him, and likewise 
confessing to have broken the goal att Owscbridge in York, and violently endeavored 
to make an escape after his apprehention." He was executed. 

At Pontefract Sessions, 23 April, 1G61, Richard Mathewman, of Wombwell, yeo- 
man, was charged with having, on 15th Jan., 1642-3, broken into Emley church and 
stolen a silver bowl, val. 10^,, two communyon table cloathes, and several bonds, bookes, 
and other wryteings, to the value of 70/. Not guilty. 

Jan. 1665-6. John Spight, charged with stealing lead from Brinkburn church. 

A true bill against Michael Uent, of Richmond, jun,, for that he, on July 22, 1693, 
broke into the church of Kirkby Ravensworth, and took away three silver chalices, a 
silver plate, a linen table cloth, and 25. 

In 1778 or 1779, in the valley of Turvin, in the parish of Halifax, a robber's cave 
was discovered among the rocks, in which, among many other things, were two surplices 
belonging to the church of Rochdale, and the scarlet hood of a doctor of divinity. The 
inmate of the cave opposed the entrance of the searcher, pistol in hand, but he was 
arrested and transiiorted for life. 

-f- A Yorkshire gentleman of family is charged with being concerned in the plot of 
1663, and his hands, in all probability, were not clean. A witness says that Mr. Gar- 
forth declared " that this government would alter, and very shortly, for their doeinges 
were naught, and could never stand," and that after the plot was discovered he 
absented himself for live weeks. Mr. Garforth was fined iLH. and was bound over to 
keep the peace, himself in the sum of 200/., and in two sureties of lOU/. each, viz., 
William Garforth, of Garforth, gen., and Edmund Garforth, of Gargravc, clerk. 



Feb. 3, 1664-5, Newcastle-oii-Tync, before Sir Francis Liddle, 
Kt., mayor. Margaret, loife of Robert Pyle, pittman* sayth, that, 
aboute halfe a yeare agoe, her husband, being not well, sent his 
water to Mrs. Pepper, a midwife, and one that uses to cast water. 
And the same day Mrs. Pepper came to see him, and did give 
him a little water in a bottle to tast, which he took and tasted, 
and forbad him to drink much of itt, but reserve itt to take 
when he tooke his fitts: and desired liim to goe to the dore, 
which he did at her request. And, imediately after, Mrs. 
Pepper and Tomisin Young did bring him with his leggs traileing 
upon the ground into his howse. And he was in the fitt by 
the space of one houre and a halfe and was most strangely 
handled. And the said Mrs. Pepper did take water and thro wed 
itt upon his face, and touke this informer's child, and another suck- 
ing child, and laid them to his mouth. And, shee demanding the 
reason why she did soe, she replyed, that the breath of the 
children would suck the evill spirritt out of him, for he was 
possessed with an evill spirritt; and she said she would prove itt 
either before mayor or ministers that he was bewitched. 

Elizabeth, wife of Richard Rotlierford, taylor, sayth, that she 
found Robert Pyle in a very sad condicion, lookeing with a dis- 
tracted looke, every part of his body shaking and tremblinge, 
being deprived of the use of his body and senceccs. Where there 
was then there one Mrs. Pepper, a midwife, and she did see her 
call for a bottle of holy water, and tooke the same, and sprinkled itt 
upon a redd hott spott which was upon the back of his right hand; 
and did take a silver crucifix out of her breast, and laid itt upon 
the said spott. And did then say that shee knewe by the said 
spott what his disease was, and did take the said crucifix and putt 
itt in his mouth. 

* A very singular case. The accused person seems to have been a Roman Catholic 
and made use of her religion to supply her deficiency in medical knowledge. 

It is curious to find children laid to the mouth of the afflicted person to charm away 
his disease. Other things were applied for the same purpose, as will be seen from the 
following presentment from a parish in Northumberland. 

" July 23, 1604. Office against Katharine Thompson and Anne Nevelson, pretended 
to be common charmers of sick folkes and their goodes, and that they use to bring white 
ducks or drakes, and to sett the bill thereof to the mouth of the sick person, and 
mumble upp their charmes in such strange manner as is damnible and horrible." 



Feb. 9, 1664-5. At Hatfield house, in Ecclesfield. Before 
Thomas Garnctt, gent. Joltu Mathewman, of Sheffield, sheather, 
saith that, upon Wednesday the 8th instant, about eleaven of the 
clocke in the forenoone, he was travelling on the high way nere 
a place called Langley, and then and there came a woman out of 
a house cryinge out, and said that there was a madman * killinge 
of her husband, and did entreat this informer to help her husband. 
Then he went to gett some more ayde, and came speedilie backe 
againe, and then did see one John Burrowes hewinge and hack- 
inge att the throat of one John Jones, the said woman's husband, 
with one iron wood bill in his hands, and had given the said 
Jones many grcivous severall wounds upon the head, face, and 
throate, and elsewhere; and then the said Jones lay dead and 
mortally wounded, and never moved hand nor foott, to this in- 
former's knowledge. And the said Burrowes did threaten this 
informer and the said woman to doe the like by them if they 
would nott lett him alone, or come nere him. 

John Burrowes, late of Rotheram, apotheeco'i/, saith, he had 
slaine a monster with one watch bill or broome hooke; and did 
confesse that he begun the fray aboute the takeinge of certaine 
pieces of wood out of one close nere to the cottage of the said 
John Jones, which this examinat did justifie to be his owne. He 
doth nott deny that after he had given the said Jones some 
wounds upon the head with the said watch-bill, or broome-hooke, 
he did cutt or hacke his throate with the same to make him lye 


Feb. 21 , 1664-5. At Beverley. Before Sir Eobert Hildyard, Kt., 
&c. &c. Henry LaUi'>j,'f of Hollun, clarke, saith that, in or about 

* A poor maniac commits a frightful murder. There was no such thing as an 
asylum in those days, and dreadful catastrophes occasionally resulted from tho freedom 
that insane persons were permitted to enjoy. Burrowes was acquitted at the assizes, 
and was set free ! 

f Mr. Lai ley had been at HoUym for some time. In September, 1G49, I find that 
he was in trouble " for intruding hiniselfe into the persotiage and rectory house of 
Hollani, being a notorious delinquent." At the Restoration he was secure, but he 
found himself in a nest of Quakers. In the following depositions there is an amusing 
account of his troubles. Ho says that Peter Johnson is unmarried and has children 


tlie beginning of Desember 1664, he heard John Nicholson, of 
Eisam, say, that if God put the sword into his hand he must strike. 
He saith that severall bookes of the Quackers which tended to the 
advance of their owne wayes of worshipp have beene sent to him, 
and that Hojje Kitching, of Holme, tould him that he saw a booke 
concerning the sufferings of the Quackers and the deliverance of 
seaven of them sent to be banisht in the shipp called the Anne of 
London, which shipp had beene at sea three moneths and bett 
back by stresse of weather. About Desember last John Nichol- 
son, in the parish of HoUen, said to him, that the Quackers had 
shipps of their owne bought with their moneyes that they im- 
ployed for intelligence beyond the seas. 

Jolin Thompson, of Hollini^yeainon, saith, that, about Michaell- 
mas 1663, discourseing with Peter Johnson, of Hollim, consern- 
ing tithes, the said Peter tooke this deponent, gripte him and 
shakte him, and tould him tythes should quicly be put downe, 
and if the Lord would put the sword into their hand wee should 
see they would fight the Lord's battle. And, on Sunday after 
Lamis day 1663, the said Peter said to Mr. Henry Lathley, 
minister of Hollim, as he was goeing to Killnsey to preach, 
" Hary, art thou goeing to tell lyes as thou hast done in Hollim; 
repent, repent, thy callamityes draws neare," which he often 


May 4, 1665. Before Sir Henry Cholmeley, Kt. Thomas 
SUnger, vicar of HeLmsley, saith, that being, on the 29 Aprill, 
about to enterr the corps of John Bolby, I was openly assalted 
by a party of Quakers, which booth * tore the surplisse and book 

unbaptized, and that he, John Nicholson and his family, Ralph Barber and his wife, 
Robert Wood and his wife, John and Francis Wetwan , Thomas Eshton and Richard 
Harde did not come to Hollym Church on Jan. 30, in accordance with the King's 
proclamation. Nicholson and Johnson were bound over to keep the peace, &c. 

Timothy Rhodes, of Hornsey, clerk, deposes that on the 10th of February he saw 
about 100 people go into the house of Peter Acklom, of Hornsey, and stay there two 
hours and a half, and that Acklom has had meetings in his house since he was released 
from his imprisonment in Hull. 

It will be seen that there was a large body of Quakers in Holderness — now there are 
hardly any of that creed in that district. In Poulson's History of Holderness there is 
an engraving of an old meeting house of the Quakers at Owstwick. 

* A set of these turbulent men attack and maltreat the vicar of Heltnsley whilst he 
was burying a parishioner. The early history of the Quakers has still to be written. 
There were swarms of them in the North of England in the seventeenth century. 
The following letter from a Yorkshire magistrate is interesting : — 



of Common Prayer : viz. Matthew Dale of Helmesley, Thomas 
Yowart of Antofts, W. Fryar of Bilsdale, John Day of Ample- 
ford, Wm. Kowland of the Oldstead. 


May 19, 1665. Before Sir Ralph Delaval. Ann Allison, of 
Norih Sheilds, saith, that Henry Ashton upon the 27th of Dec. 
being triming here father Eobert Allison, and specking of his 
being a good marksman, sayd that, if he had not shot well, he 
could never have killed twenty-five cavaliers in a day, and he 
thought it as pleasant to hime as killing of bukes or doees. 
Where upon her mother saying shee would warrant he would 
doe the like to the King if he hade hym, he answered he would , 
doe anything for a livelyhood ; all was fish that came to the nett. 


May 9, 1665. Edward Nettleton, constable of Hunsworth, 
saith, that John and Wm. Bankes, children of Paull Bankes 
(they being both wounded *), came to his house, and did tell him 
that their father, and Judith their mother, and Hannah Bankes 
their sister, were dangerously wounded by baylilFes. Whereupon 

" Sweet cosen, — I thanke you for your affectionat expressions towards me in your j 
letter, and the care you seem to have of me by sending me the opinion of other men j 
that I may therto frame my owne. I have seen a pamphlet called a Declaration of the i 
Quakers, which methinkes hath more of simplicity, and lesse of rancor, than this paper 
which you now sent me. To speake truth, they both of them strive against a known ! 
law, and the magistrate hath it not in his power which of the lawes he will put in 
execution, and which of them he will forbear ; and, for this paper now sent, it seemes 
to be of another and a higher strain against rulers than the former. If men of the 
same perswasion did write them both, then the Quakers have by this late writing 
growen higher in their invectives against magistracy. But I am apt to think that 
this writing comes from another party, who have made bolls, and put them into the 
hands of Quakers to shoot them; and then, cosen, who are the fooles ? Or, if it come 
originally from the Quakers, they then, I say, (are) worse men and subjects' than they 
were before. Good cosen, let you and me study to be quiet, and to do our owne 
busines, to live peaceably, and not to push incentives to warro, and let the legislative 
power make lawes .... All my family salute you, and I in particular remaine, 
cosen, your very affectionat kinseman to serve you, Ric. Robinson. 
" Thickett, ] 1th June, '70. These for Mrs. Skipwith at Skipwith." 
* A most murderous assault by some bailiffs at Horton near Bradford. They had 
broken into the house and attacked the inmates. Paul Bankes had a most dangerous 
wound in the throat, which was given him by Ubanko. Ubanke denies injuring 
any one, but his companions throw all the blame upon him. Richard Coore, of Tong, 
clerk, a clerical physician, deposes to the nature of the wounds. Ubanke was fined 51. 



he went downe to tlie house and found there Wm. Ubanke, 
Joseph Priestley, Kobert Hirst, and David Millington, and there- 
upon arrested them, the said Paull Bankes beinf^ soe wounded 
that he conceives him in danger of death, and likewise Judith 
his wife, who being with child, is likewise dangerously wounded, 
and Hannah Bankes hath a cutt in her forehead, and William 
Bankes is soe dangerously wounded that he is greately endangered 
of his life, being about the age of tenn or eleven yeares. 


A true bill against Jeremy Smithson,* of Stanig (Stanwick), 
Esq., for saying, on June 24, 1665, to Sir Joseph Cradock, " Thou 
art a base fellow. You thinke yourself impowered by being in 
the comission of peace. I am in the comission, and care not 
a fart for the commission or you." 


July 10, 1665. Before Edward Trotter, Esq. Henry Sole 
saith, that Sissilye Linscalef toold him that, the same day that 
her cousin Ann Linscale was delivered of a cliilde, that she came 
to her father's house aboute noone, and she, the said Sissilye, 
had beene chiming, and had made a cake for her owne dinner, 
and would have given her cosen Ann some with her, but she 
refused, and went away as though she had not beene well. And 
the said day, about cowe-time, the said Sissilye was goeing to 
fetch home a cowe from a place called Hoggard garth; and, 

* Jeremy, afterwards Sir Jerome Smithson, of Stanwick, is in trouble. He loses his 
temper with a very active magistrate. Sir Joseph Cradock, and vents his displeasure 
in terms that the other would not be disposed to overlook. The Smithsons had only 
recently become the owners of Stanwick, and their position among the leading gentry 
of the Riding was at present a doubtful one. Mr. Smithson in this instance wished to 
lead Sir J. Cradock into a duel, and he was bound over in consequence to keep the 

Mr. Smithson was in other troubles besides this. In July, 1668, John Wake of 
Stanwix was indicted at York for tempting one Chr. Francklin to leave Mr. Smith- 
son's service and to carry off his clothes. Thomas Swinburne, of Bai'mton, co. Dur- 
ham, was also indicted for speaking slanderingly of Smithson in reference to the afore- 
said case, and for assaulting Francklin. 

•f A startling case which had been hushed up for some time. The informer tells 
her tale, as she says, because Agar had abused her master. Her evidence therefore 
must be received with suspicion, although it is clearly given. All the women were 
tried at the assizes, but they were acquitted, and were freed by proclamation. 



passing by her aunt's house, the mother of the said Ann, she 
heard the said Ann cry out very grcviously, upon which she 
went in to se what was the matter; and, as soone as she came in, 
her ant, Jane Linscale, sent her to Elizabeth AgaiT to desire her 
to come to her daughter Ann, for she was very sicke, and desired 
to spcake with her. She, goeing, and not finding her at home, 
came back againe and told them that she was not in the house ; and 
so goeing to Hoggard-garth for her cowe, as she either went or 
came back she mett the said Elizabeth Agarr, and toold her 
that she had beene at her house lookeing for her, for her coseu 
Ann was very sick and desired to speake with her, who went 
hastily away from her towardes her owne house. And she 
went on and did fetch her cowe; and, as she came back with her, 
she turned her downe the streete, and went herself againe to her 
ant house to see how her cosen Ann did, and when she came at 
the fore dore it was shutt, so goeing on to the other dore, thurst- 
ing it from her, it opened, and she went in; and at her comeing 
in they did looke straingely upon her, and did shut the dore and 
keept her in ; and the said Elizabeth Agarr had a bottle and a 
paper in her hand, and she tooke something forth of the paper, 
but she knew not what it was, and rowled it betweene her hands, 
and gave it to the said Ann, and bid her swallow it downe. That 
being done, she gave her the bottle, and she dranke of it. 
Whereupon presently after she brought a childe from her; and, 
when she had it, she whispered with Em. Linscale, the sister of 
the said Ann, but she knew not what she said. This being done 
her ant Jane came to her and said, " Good Sisse, do not speake 
of this, for, if thou doest, we are all undone." Also the said 
Elizabeth Agarr came to her, and tooke her to the table side, 
and smote very earnestly with one of her hands upon the table, 
and vowed that, if ever she heard any worde that she should 
speake of it, she would be the death of her. Then the said 
Elizabeth Agarr said to the said Em, " Go and doe as I bidd 
the." Whereupon she tooke the childe, and wrapt it in a ragg, 
and then they opened the dores and let her out, and the said Em 
and her sister Pegg brought forth the child and put it in a hole, 
and she, the said Sisse, did stand and looke at them when they 
did it. Also the said Ilcnry saith that he did aske her what was 
the reason that she did not rcveale it noe sooner, and she said 
that she had manie times beene troubled aboute it, 3'et durst not 
speake of it for fearc of getting some ill by them. And further 
the said Henry saith, that three dales after the said Sisse had dis- 
covered it, that the said Jane and Em came before the house 
where the said Sisse was, and did revile her with very bad words, 


and did say there was two dorcs, and, " If we had the out at either 
of them, we would pvill thy throate out." Whereupon she said, 
" Master, did not I tell you that, if ever I did speake of it, I was 
sure to have a mischiefc by them ? " Upon which she, the said 
Sisse, did start up and looked out at the windoweand said, "Era, 
is not this true that I have said? Did not I se the and thy sister 
Pegg burie the childe hard by where thou standest? I pray 
God I may never se such a sight againe." Whereupon they 
went away and gave not a word more. 


July 17, 1665. For being absent from church for a month. 

Dent. Alexander Heblethwaite, Thomas Wilkinson, Chr. 
Wood. Sedherge. John Blakelin, Richard Robinson, Thomas 
Holme, Edward Atkinson, John Croft, John Langton, Richard 
Atkinson, Francis Blakelin, Edward Trotter, John Dawson, 
Henry Dennison, Thomas Branthwaite, John Holme, Edward 
Branthwaite, Richard Speight, Wm. Farrer, James Shaw. 
Aiostwiche. Margaret Franckland, Margaret Johnson, spinster, 
Nicholas Moore, John Moore and Ann his wife, Edward and 
Giles Moore, Margaret Cowper and Isabella Chapman, spinsters, 
Thomas Chapman, Lawrence Peacocke. Clapham. Thomas Ro- 
binson, Alice Atkinson, spinster. Thorneton. John Topham and 
Mary his wife, Thomas Addison and Rebecca his wife, Jeffrey 
Wildeman and Anne his wife. Ingleton. Clement Stephenson. 
Horton. Matthew Wildeman, Richard Benson, John Bentham, 
John Moore, Richard Guy, George Bland, Wm. Redman, Wm. 
Kendall, Thomas Gibson, Thomas Banckes, John Wearing, 
Easter Tenant, spinster, James Tenant, Eliz. Tenant, spinster, 
John Bents. Birdsall. Layton Firbancke and Frances his wife. 
Acklam cum Leavening. John Day, Robert Bowser, Thomas 
Holmes, Mary Jackson, spinster. Kirhy Grindelythe. Wm. Shep- 
pardson. Dugglehy. Robert Tyndall. Arkesey. Samuel Barley, 
Robert Scott, Eliz. Bradford, widow. Hooton Pannell. Alice 
Shore, spinster. Watton. Wm. Dawson and Jane his wife. 
Southbarne. Thomas Nicholson and Mary his wife. Skerne. 
James Canaby, Isabel Langdalc. spinster, Wm. Jarrett, and 
Margaret his wife. 




The Grand Jury find a true bill against Wm. Knapton,* of 
Barwick in Elmet, for saying, on tlie 4th of August, 1665, to 
Martin Prince, " How now, thou rebell? What art thou better 
beinge a soldier for the Kinge? For where is your Kinge now, 
that grand Papish? Hee flyeth from the plague, but it will fol- 
low him, Pie warrant." 


A true bill against John Musgrave,t of London, Gen. for sapng 
at Roth well, on Aug. 20, 1665, " Now is the time, if we will 
stirre, for the Annabaptists } and Quakers are not afraid of the 


Chr. Maud, of Ellerton, milner, indicted for saying, on the 
28th of November, 1665, " There will bee blood spilt before all 
the assessments § be payd. He thought in regard the assess- 

* The plague was now raging, and that awful visitation was laid at the King's 
door. The vice of the Court, and the general profligacy of the nation, in the opinion 
of many, had been the cause of it. Knapton was bound over to keep the peace, 
himself in the sum of 100/., and in two sureties of 50^. each. 

The Grand Jury find a true bill against Wm. Thomson of Collingham for saying 
on the first of August, 1665, " The King is the onely causer of the plague and pesti- 
lence, and hath provoked God to send this judgment upon us by taxing and assessing 
the poor. If this Kinge had been hanged when the other was beheaded wee should 
have had none of these taxes ; but I think wee must all rise." Not guilty. 

f The prisoner, who lived in Cripplegate, was acquitted and was discharged on his 
recognisances. It will be seen that even in that time of danger and dismay there 
were some turbulent spirits who thought there was a chance of making a change in 
the government. 

A charge of another kind was, I have found, made against the King with reference 
to the Anabaptists. 

Jeremiah Denby, of Steaton, was indicted at York for saying at Kildwick, on 26 
July, 1684, to Richard Pollerd, clerk, " The King himself is a great favourer of the 
Anabaptists, and those are the best Cristians that come least to church, for all I 

X The culprit was allowed to escape without any punishment whatever. 

§ The many taxes imposed by Charles II. were excessively distasteful to the people, 
especially as the money raised by them was practically wasted. 

Oct. 21, 1664. At Rocke before John Salkeld and Jo. Clarke, Esqs. Thomas 
Busby, of Alnwicke, saith, that, on the 12th of August, being walking in the com- 
pany of Henry Elder of Alnwicke, and saying, " What can become of all the money 
that was collected in the cuntroy ? " the said llonry replied, " What should becomo 


ments were soe great now, that people had the best time in 
respect that they had sowen downe their seed ; that it was their 
best course to releive themselves from the great burden of assess- 
ments that lay soe heavy upon them, to take clubs and pitch- 
forkes, and such weapons as they could gett, and goe to the 


March 7, 1665-6. Northumberland. We, John Pringle of 
Newcastle, clerke, John Weld of Lamesley in the county of 
Durham, John Thompson of Peglesworth in the county of North- 
umberland, Thomas Willson of Lamesley in the county of Dur- 
ham, Thomas Trueren of Harla Hill in the county of Northum- 
berland, and Kobert Pleasance of Newcastle aforesaid, clerkes,* 
doe sweare that it is not lawfull, upon any pretence whatsoever, 
to take up armes against the King; and that we doe abhorre that 
trayterous position of takeing armes by his authority against his 
person, or against those that are commissionated by him in pur- 
sueance of such commissions ; and that we will not at any time 
endeavour any alteration of government, either in Church or 

of it? There was non to destroy it but a company of ranting fellows; and, for his 
Majesty, hee had taken up the bones of an lionester man then himselfe, and, in his 
thoughts, there would be noe quietenes till hee went the way his father went." 

Chr. Peares, of Thornaby, gen., was indicted at York for saying, on March 31, 
1679, " I heare there is a new assessement comeing forth, which is strange, for I be- 
leive there is noe act of Parliament for itt, and this assessement hath been demanded 
in the Bishoppricke of Durham, but they denyed to pay itt." 

* A declaration which some of the ejected ministers in the North were required to 
make. It is signed by eight of those devoted men. 

John Pringle was ejected from Eglingham, and came to Newcastle, where he spent 
his time in preaching for Mr. Gilpin, ahd practising physic. He was in gaol for his 
religious opinions, and died in Newcastle about 1690. 

John Weld is not mentionejl by the historians of the Nonconformists. He was a 
kinsman probably of Thomas Weld, the silenced rector of Gateshead. 

John Thompson was ejected from the rich rectory of Bothal. He was in prison for 
bis opinions, and the confinement generated an illness that carried him otf. 

Thomas Wilson was ejected from Lamesley. He held a meeting in his house for 
two years with the assistance of Mr. Robert Lever. 

Thomas Trewren lost the vicarage of Ovingham. He went to Harrow in Middlesex, 
where he had a congregation. He died in 1676. 

Robert Pleasance was ejected from the rectory of Boldon, co. Durham. He was 
connected with the parish of St. Mary-in-the- South Bailey, Durham, and I have a 
good deal of information about him. J possess a beautifully written MS. containing 
the sermons that he preached at Boldon in 1658-9. 

Ralph Wicliffe was the son of Wm, Wycliffe, of Offerton, a cadet of the great York- 
shire family of that name. He preached in Durham and Northumberland, and died 
in 1683. 

It must be observed that there were many other ejected ministers in the neighbour- 
hood of Newcastle whose names are not appended to this declaration. 


State.— Jo. Peingle, John Weld, John Thompson, Tho. 
Wilson, John Davies, Tho. Trewren, Rob. Pleasaunce, 
Ralph Wickliffe. 


March, 1665-6. Kirlchj Hill* John Harrison, Peter Harrison 
and Margaret his wife, Wm. and George Pinckney, Ellen Ander- 
son, spinster. Barford. Michaell Pudsey and ]\Iary his wife, 
Thomas Dodsworth and Katharine his wife, John Berry and 
Elizabeth his wife. ForceU. Thomas Leath and Eliz. his wife, 
Job Shutt and Mary his wife, Henry Barwicke and Anne his 
wife, Mary Frinny, Hellen Firth and Jane Porcivell, spinsters, 
Wm. Pearson and Bridget his wife, George Berry and IMary his 
wife. Faith Comforthand Margaret Gibson, spinsters. Caldicell. 
Frances wife of James Gregory, Alice Gregory, widow, Alice 
Gregory, spinster, Wm. Stockdale and Anne his wife, Ellenor 
Stockdale, widow. Carleton. John Catterick, Esq., and Mar- 
garet his wife, John Catterick, gen., Isabel, Mary and Margaret 
Catterick, spinsters, Isabel Catterick, widow, Robert Walker and 
Anne his wife, James Walker and Margery his wife, Matthew 
Walker, Ellioner Walker, spinster, Henry Lawson and Frances 
his wife, Robert Mansfeild and Frances his wife, Isabel wife of 
Wm. Mansfield, Barth. Robinson and Mary his wife. Melsonhy. 
Robert Pearson and Isabel his wife, Thomas Pearson, John 
Thompson and Alice his wife, Kicholas Stubbs and IMargaret his 
wife, Mary Watson, Anne Gierke and Eliz. Blacket, spinsters. 
Dalton cum Gailes. Roger Mennell and Mary his wife, Chr. Wade 
and Isabel his wife, Robert Ackman and Eliz. his wife, Francis 
Skaife and Isabel his wife, Jane Mennell, spinster, George Wat- 
son and Ellen his wife, Trinian Anderson and Eliz. his wife, 
James Kilburne and Eliz. his wife. Epplehy. Robert Ovington 
and Anne his wife, Margaret Preston, spinster, James ]\Ioore, 
Anna Moore. Lcujions Amho. IMarmaduke Wilson and Katha- 
rine his wife, Francis Wiseman and IMargaret his wife, Robert 
Peirson and Ellen his wife, Robert Lcatch and Jane his wife, 
Anne wife of James Stubbs, Anthony Pearson and Jane his wife, 
Anthony Foster and Jane his wife, James Hutchinson and i\fary 
his wife, Robert Cutter and Elizabeth his wife, Henry Killinghall 

* Another, and a more extended, list of recusants. The greater part, if not the 
whole, of them were Roman Catholics. The names that are given are but a small sec- 
tion of that religious party in the county of York. Out of the whole number five 
or si.\ of the leading gentry nuulc their ai>|)earance at the ixssizes. 


and Anne his wife, Katharine wife of Robert Dunn, Francis 
Dunn. Gilling. Brian Corby and Mary his wife, Eliz. wife of 
John Wallis. Ravensivorth. Robert Richardson and Bridget his 
wife, George Smith and Frances his wife, Margaret wife of Wm. 
Gibson, Cecily Atkinson, spinster, Anne wife of Clement Browne, 
Micha Norton and Eliz. his wife, Anne wife of Cuthbert Cowling, 
Nicholas Allen, gen., Anthony Allen, gen,, and Anne his wife, 
George Allen and Eliz. his wife. Aldbrough. George Mennell, 
gen., and Ellen his wife, Anthony Metcalfe, gen., and Frances 
his wife, John Roome and Anne his wife, Richard Piburne and 
Mary his wife, Stephen Dalton and Ellenor his wife, Robert 
Walker, Edward Birkebecke, Bridget Birkebccke, spinster, George 
Walbancke and Anne his wife, Frances Ridd, widow, John 
Graime and Mary his wife, John Sigsworth and Grace his wife. 
Eashy. Anne Colson, widow, Francis Tunstall, gen., and Anne 
his wife, John Hugginson, Mary Hugginson, Lawrence Lowcsh, 
Mark Appleby, Eliz. Wray, spinster, Dorothy Summerside, 
Dorothy Barker, spinster. Hutton. Wm. Tunstall, Esq., Eliz. 
Ubancke, spinster, John Hort and ]\Iary his wife, Anne wife of 
Francis Thomson. Cliffe. George Witham, Esq., and Grace his 

Heworth. Edward Thwinge and his wife, Wm. 

Thwing and his wife, John Hargrave and his wife. Hinderskelfe. 
Ann Kendall, widow, Ralph Kendall and Mary his wife. Far- 
lington. Francis Blakeston, Charles Dixon and Anne his wife, 
Alice Dixon, spinster. Branshy. Edward Cornforth, Katharine 
Rawdon, spinster, Ann Shirwan and Isabel Jackson, spinsters. 
Skewshy. Allen Aiscough, Esq., and Anne his wife, Francis 
Aiscough, John Dresser, Eliz, Stibin, Anne wife of Edward 
Halliday, George Cooper and Mary his wife, George and Valen- 
tine Turner, Robert Harry, Joan wife of Wm. Harrison, Mary 
Wier, spinster, Chr, Wilson and Anne his wife, Phillis Hornesey, 
widow. Sheriffehutton. John Jackson and Isabel his wife. 
Buhner. Michael and George Nicholson, John Hicke and Anne 
his wife. Welburne. John Tiplady and Alice his wife. Whenby. 
Alice Barton, spinster, Wm. Walworth, sen and jun., Matthew 
StoneclifFe, Eliz. Ellis, Ursula Rivis and Mary Wood, spin- 
sters, Wm, Dresser, Francis Bossell, Grace and Isabel Hall, spin- 

Hallifax. Nathaniel Crowther, John Hooker, Thomas Holmes, 
Haworth. Chr, and Jonas Smith, Wm. Clayton, jun., John 
Clayton, jun., Wm. Clayton, Joseph Smith, John Pighills. Idle. 
Francis Drake and Frances his wife, Alice Crowther, George 
Booth and Isabel his wife, George Booth, Bradford. Mary 


Squire, spinster, Richard Jowett, Anne Crowtlier. Warlei/i 
Henry and Timothy Wadsworth. Ovenden. Richard Long- 
botham, Robert Wright. Skircoate. Abraham Hodgson. Soiitfi- 
owram. Grace and Mary Hemingway, spinsters. Stansfeild- 
cum-Langfeild. John Feilding, sen. and jun., Mary Feilding, 
spinster. Rishworth. Mary Earnshaw. Mastricke. John Eccles, 
Richard Hanson. Wadsioorth. Edward Turner. Pudsey. Wm. 
Crabtree. Erringdon. James Barrett. Wyke. Mary Bentley 
and Mary Greenwood, spinsters. Thorneton. Edward Hulley. 
Calverley. Thomas Dodgson, Hugh Lickbarrow. Gomersall. 
Marmaduke Cowling. Ileckmondwkke. Michael Mitchell. Hep- 
tonstall. John Crabtree. Allerton cum Wilsden. George Faber. 
Heaton cum Clayton. John Bradley, Wm. Kellett. Clackheaton. 
James Grave. Okensliaic. Wm. Pearson. JBarnoldsicicke. Richard 
Bootham and Alice his wife, Richard Bootham, jun., Henry 
Bowtham, Mary wife of Henry Hartley. Neicsliolme. Chr. Batty, 
Mary Tatham, spinster. Bradford. Isabel wife of Brian Parker, 
Henry Bayly. Slaidhurne. Thomas Wigglesworth, Robert Proc- 
ter, Ellinor Cutler, spinster. Newton. Dorothy Hodgskinson, 
spinster, Robert Walbancke and Ellianor his wife, Thomas Stack- 
house, Wm. Birkett, Jonathan Scott, Jane Walne, sen. and jun., 
Isabella Knowe, spinster, Thomas Knowe, Jane Knowe, spinster, 
Henry Baitson. Birkett. Jane wife of Richard Leigh. Knowle- 
stones. Thomas Turner and Agnes his wife. Stainforth. Samuel 
Watson, Richard Wharfe, Thomas Rudd. 

Hunton. Jane Wylde, spr., Elianor wife of John Theakeston, 
Jane Wilde, spinster, Chr. Askwith and his wife, Chr, Dent and 
his wife, Cuthbert Banckes and his wife, Chr. Hawkins and his 
wife. Homely. George Pearson and Margaret his wife, Jane 
Peirson, spinster, Eliz. wife of John Reed. Osmotherley. John 
Johnson, Gregory Kcndraw. Thornton in le Beanes. Anne wife 
of Wm, Burton. High Worsall. Robert Berry, John Rocke. 
Brompton. Thomas Wheldin and Frances his wife, Thomas 
Smith, Margaret Plutchinson, spinster. West Rounton. Nicholas 
and Henry Robinson, Wm. Robinson, Eliz. wife of Edward 
Grimes, gen. 

Bolton hill. Anthony ]\Iyers, Richard Smith. Skipton. John 
Hawkeshead and Eliz. his wife. Hehden. Robert Rathmell and 
Agnes his wife. Bronghton. Thomas Tempest, gen., and Eliz. his 
wife, John Yorke, gen., and Eliz. his wife, Richard Tempest, gen., 
and Eliz. his wife, George Fell and Elianor his w^fe, Richard Firth 
Jane wife of Thomas 'fempcst, George Butler, James Wolsino-- 
den and Elizabeth his wile, Stephen Wolsingden, Thomas Heaker 
John Tempest. Hewby. Etlward Jennings, Richard Rossell, 


— Woodward and Jane his wife, Richard Maisterman and Eliz. 
his wife, Anne Carleton, spinster, John Tayler and Mary his 
wife, Syth Maisterman, widow, Andrew Vaux and Jane his wife, 
Walter Merry and Hester his wife, John Dinnis. Myton. Wm. 
Walker, Richard Scott, Thomas Loncaster. Lintoii cum Youlton. 
Thomas Appleby, Esq., and Eliz. his wife, Henry Hunt, New- 
ton. Roger Baker, Wm. Masterman. Stillington. Richard Smith 
and Anne his wife. 

Thomas Baites and Jane his wife, George Headlam 

and Jane his wife, John Foster and Jane his wife, John 
Hewitson and Anne his wife, Philip Hildreth and Jane his 
wife, Wm. Hildreth and Anne his wife, Thomas Wilson and 
Jane his wife, Eliz. Wilson, spinster, Jane Pinckney, spinster, 
John Cuthbertson, Eliz. Cuthbertson, spinster, Jane Smith, spin- 
ster, Isabel Hall, widow, Margaret Westwood, spinster. Great 
Smeaton. Richard Smith and Anne his wife. Cleasby. Anthony 
Singleton, Eliz. Singleton, spinster, Ralph Todd and Anne his 
wife. Brompton-super- Swale. John Pearson and Mary his wife. 
Warlahy. John Coggs and Anne his wife. Stappletoji. Law- 
rence Heddon. 

Sheffeild. Francis RatclifFe and his wife, Edward Murphy 
and his wife, — Champnoone, widow, Mary Sergison, widow. 
Uanswoi'th. George Greates and Joan his wife. Cantley. Mary 
wife of Henry Smith. Hutton Roberts. Eliz. wife of Edward 

Halsham. Robert Owst and Ann his wife, Henry Sled, Robert 
Owst, jun., and Mary his wife, Ursula Awdas, widow, Anthony 
Awdas, Thomas Moody and Ursula his wife. 

Alwoodley. Jane Smith, widow. Yeadon, Robert Marshall, 
John Burrow, Anne Laycocke, Margaret Walker and Mary 
Pollard, spinsters. Raioden. Wm. Butterfeild and his wife, Eliz. 
Wilson, spinster. Harwood. Peter Wright, John Jessop, — Ni- 
cholson, labourer. 

Ci'idlingstubhs. Wm. Briggs and Mary his wife. Smeaton 
parva. Philip Heptenstall and Anne his wife, Joan Heptenstall. 

Hooke. Thomas Empson and Isabel his wife. Goivle. Anthony 
Empson and Dorothy his wife. Armine. Francis Binckes, gen,, 
and Eliz. his wife, George Harrison. Whitguift. Mary wife of 
Thomas Sellier. Swinfieet. Mary Pennithorne, widow, Eliz. 
Raper, widow, Mary wife of Thomas Spincke. Usfleet. Francis 
Penington and Anne his wife. 

Boulton. Isabel Blanshard and Mary Hargill, spinsters. Barnby- 
super-Moram. Frances wife of George Tenney. Neioton-super- 
Derioent. Mary wife of Richard Bovill. Barwicke-in-Elmett. 


Sir Thomas Gascoigne, Kt., Sir Stephen Tempest, Kt., and Anne 
his wife, — Erritigton, gen., and his wife, Francis Johnson and 
his wife, Wm. Brame, Wm. Smith and his wife, Andrew Slater, 
Mary Shippen, Robert Franckland and his wife, Wm. Vevers, 
Kichard Prince, Robert Oddy, Isabel Deardon, spinster. Kip- 
pax. Wm. Graycocke and Frances his wife, Peter Graycocke, 
Richard Graycocke and Eliz. his wife. East Kesicicke. George 
Hopwood, Francis Easterby, Thomas Hopwood, Anne Sutton, 
spinster. Seacroft. Thomas Deardon. Scarcroft. John Ryther, 

Thornton in Pichering. Thomas Button, Robert Rogerson and 
Katharine his wife. Pickering. EUianor wife of Thomas Dickin- 
son, Stephen Reddy, Wm. Coullam, Robert Coullam, Robert 
Kinge, James Jackson, Isabella Robinson, John Pates, Eliz. Nor- 
cliffe, spinster, Ann Pennocke, spinster, Richard Dobson, John 
Browne, Richard Barnard, Thomas Collin, Richard Foster, Wm. 
Pilmer, Anne Sharpies, spinster. 

Aislaby. Roger and Thomas Chapman, Mary and Isabella 
Chapman, spinsters. Pateley hviggs. George Barwicke, blacke- 
smith, Eliz. Lowcocke, spinster. 

Hacknes. Thomas Moore, gen., James Boyes and Isabel his wife. 
Haricood dale. Gideon Clapham, Richard Dobson, Matthew 
Poskitt and Anne his wife, Wm. Addison and Mary his wife, 
James Reachee, Eliz. Reachee, spinster, Wm. Coverdale. Smea- 
ton. John Coward, Ellis Blackburne, widow. Filingdales. James 
Poskit, Stephen Dickinson, Anne Dickinson, spinster. Whitton 
hill. Wm. Norrison and Joseph Thornehill. 


April 24, 1666. Peter Gervise, of Ilutton, laborer,^ saith, that 
on Sunday morning last, between eleven and twelve o'clocke, as 
hee was fToingc to give his master's horse some oates throusfh a 
wood, that Mathew Harwood was m the wood, and bid him 
stand, and then he asked him " For what?" and Harwood told 
him he wanted money. Fie tould him he had none for him, and 
said hee might secke itt somewhere else. And replied he would 
make him seeke his life, and then Peter Gcrvice run away, and 
Mathew Harwood run after him, overtook him, and, with a stroke 

* A case of highway robbery with viuleucc. The attempt was made in the broad 
daylight. The culprit denies bis guilt. He was sentenced to death at the assizes, 
but was reprieved. 


with a stick, knocked him downe to the grownd. And then gott 
upon him and demanded his purse, and said that if hee would not 
give itt him hee would rip him up, and let hiin see his hart; 
and soe opened his buttons, and gave him some rippills with his 
knife on his brest, and tooke his purse out of his pockett, and 
tooke 6s. out of itt, being all he had; and he tooke a handchercher 
out of his pockett. 


Whitehall, Apr. 30, 1666. Before Sir John Armytage and 
Walter Hauksworth, Esq. Peter Holmes, of Leeds,^ bailiff 
unthin the ivapentak of Scai'wick,f informeth that William Knap- 
ton of Barwick, farmer, did at Leeds, on the 17th instant, say 
that he hoped to see his Majesty destroyed before the moneth of 
May were finally ended. 

And that Joseph Welch, clothmaker, being at Kirstall, on 
Thursday, the 19tli, said that the plot was basely carried at 
Farneley wood, and that he would fight bloud up to the knees 
rather then the next plot should be so carried ; and that it would 
not be long before he hoped to see a fight. 


May 2, 1666. Before Wm. Gray, gent., coroner. Thomas 
Bell, of Birdsall, hlacksmith,X saith, that the last day of Aprill 
last, about aleaven a clocke in the night of the same day, he 
did repaire, together with severall young men and boyes of the 
towne of Birdsall, unto a woodclose, or wood, belonging to Eddle- 
thorpe grainge, being about the number of foureteene. He and 
William Knaggs, soe soone as they were within the wood, went 
a part from the rest of the companyall, their intencon then being 
to chuse and gett a young ash tree for a May poll to carry to the 

* Some regrets are expressed at the failure of the Farneley Wood plot. One of the 
speakers, Wm. Knapton, had been in trouble before. 

+ i. e, Scyrack, or Shire oak, 

% The record of a night adventure in the East Riding. On the night before the 
first of May some of the villagers at Birdsal go into Eddlethorpe woods in quest of a 
young tree to serve as a Maypole. They are caught in the v^^oods by a person of the 
name of Ruddock, vv'ho shoots one of the poor fellows, and kills him on the spot. The 
culprit pleads an alibi, and says that he was at home all night. He was acquitted at 
the assizes, it being probably thought that the evidence was insufficient. 


town of Birdsall. But immediately after this deponent and the 
said William Knaggs was parted a little distance from the other 
part of their partners, they heard some speake, but did not well 
understand what they said ; and, imediately after, was a gun dis- 
charged, and the said William Knaggs, being then close by this 
exarainate, gave a skrike, and turned round, and fell downe dead: 
whoe, as this deponent conceives, received the sliott from the 
same gun, but being something darke this deponent could not 
discover whoe shott of the same gunne. And, imcdiatley after the 
gunne was discharged, one Mr. Edward Ruddocke and another 
person, unknowne to this exarainate, came up to this deponent, 
saying, "Ho rogues! Ho rogues! Have we mett with you. 
He make rogues on you. It's more fitt you were in your bedds 
then here at this tyme of night," or words to that purpose. And 
the said Mr. Edward Ruddocke hadd in his hand one gun, and 
the other man that came with him an iron forke. And this de* 
ponent, being lifting up his partner, the said Mr. Ruddocke asked 
if there were any life in him ; to which this ex* replyed none to 
his thinking; and then he bid this deponent take him on his 
backe, and carry him home. He then asked this ex* where the 
rest of his partners were, who told him he thought they were 
downe in the wood. And Mr. Ruddocke then told him he hoped 
to meet with some of the rest of them ; and then goeing a little 
distance, as this ex* conceives, the said JNIr. Ruddocke did charge 
the gunne againe. The other man, which he knewe not, asked 
this ext what he called the man which was killed. He answered 
Wm. Knaggs : to which the strainger replyed he was sory for that, 
he had rather it had been any else. Then Mr. Ruddocke told 
this deponent that he would make him an example for all the rest, 
and then went both away. 


May 3, 1666. Barnsley. Before Thomas Garnett and Charles 
Jackson, gent, coroners. Richard Wainew rigid, of Cawthorne* 
haijliffei sayth, that, the first day of INIay, he beinge a bayliiFc 
and assistant to Thomas Wildsmith, a baylifFe, went, with him, 
Wm. Skelton, and another man to assist them, to Wm. Hinch- 

* A munlcr at Barnsley, in which a bailiff is the victim. The culprit was an attor- 
ney in that place. Ho was captured and tried at York, but, strange to say, he was 
acquitted. The widow of the slain person begged that he might be punished. Her 
husband had left a large family, encumbered by debt, behind him. 


clyffe's howse in Barneslcy, to arreast Samuell Wortley and the 
sayd Hincliclyife, upon a writt at the suite of the Qucene Mother 
for 300/. And at theire entrance into the howse they called for 
a quart of ale, and desired to speake with Win. HinchclyfFe; 
whereupon Edward Hincliclyife, his brother, desired Wm. Hincli- 
clyife to come to speake with Thomas Wildsmith ; and when he 
came Thomas Wildsmith drunke to him, and when the sayd 
Wm. had drunke, Thomas Wildsmyth rose up, and told him hee 
arrested him. Which when he had done, Wm. and Edward 
Hincliclyife desired Wildsmith to goe into the parlor with them, 
and he did so. And Edward Hinchclyffe, Wm. Hincliclyife, and 
Eliz. his wife, sayd to this informer, which was in the howse, " If 
yow will be content, wee will give you 500/. bond, or what yow 
please." Then Wm. Hinchclyife's wife went into the chamber to 
Samuell Wortley; whereupon Samuell Wortley came downe with 
a drawne sword or rapier under his coate, and went into the 
parlor, and Wm. Hinchclyife's wife suddenly shut the doore ailer 
him. And, presently after, Edward Hincliclyife went into the 
parlor, and shut the doore after him alsoe. Then Wildsmith 
asked Samuel Wortley how hee did, and sayd to him, " Sir, I 
arrest yow at the suite of the Queen Mother." Then Wortley 
said, " I will run thee through, thou shalt arrest none of mee." 
And when this informer heard those words hee went to the pai'lor 
doore, and would have gone into the parlor, but Edward Hinch- 
clyife kept the doore fast, soe that he could not goe in. Then 
this informer looked through a hole in the doore, and saw Wortley 
make two passes at the said Wildsmith with his rapier, the one of 
them he put by, and turned himselfe to the doore, and would 
very gladly have gone forth. And this informer then did see 
Edward Hinchlyife stop him, and would not let him depart till he 
was wounded, soe that, at the second passe, Wortley run him 
through his body. And then the doore was opened, and they 
thrust Wildsmith out of the roome and barrd the doore after him. 
And Wildsmith cryed out to this informer, and said, "Ah, Dicke, 
I am slayne." And this informer heard the words that past 
betweene Samuell Wortley, Wm. Hincliclyife, and Wildsmith, 
but Wildsmith gave neither Hincliclyife nor Wortley a foule 

Buckley Wilsford, of Barnesley, gent., saytli, that, the iirst of 
May, he hearinge that one Thomas Wildsmyth, bayliife, was 
allmost slayne, went to se him, then found him under the hands 
of a chirurghion then dresseinge of his wounds. And the said 
Wildsmyth severall tymes tould this informer that Samuell Wort- 


ley gave him the said wound, and witli a sword or rapier strucke 
quite tlirougli liis bodie against the doorc. 

Richard Smith, of BarnesJey, clerke, sayth, that upon Wednes- 
,day, the 2d of May, about two of the clocke in the morneinge, he 
was att Old Barnesley, att the house of Win. Rooke, where he I 
now liveth, and then and there came a man ridinge into the | 
fouldstead, and tould this informer he was desyred by Mr. Buck- j 
ley Wilford and Thomas Wildsmith to goe to Barnesley, to the I 
house of Richard Lambert, to pray with and for the said Wildsmith, 
who then lay languishing upon some wounde he had gott the 
day before, as he tould this informer. Then this informer asked 
Wildsmith who gave him the said wounds, and he answered 
" Samuel Wortley, ah, fyeonhim!" Then this informer desyred 
him to make his peace with God, and tould him he could nott 
live; and then Wildsmith answered, " Noe, Noe, hee was a dead 
man, if he had a thousand lives (he said) they was all gone." 

William Houldgat, of Barnesley, laborer, was charged by James 
Bird, one of the constables of Barnesley, to goe and help to appre- 
hend Samuell Wortley. And he did his best endeavoure, and 
rune after the said Wortley, and did see him rune away, and was 
very neere him, and did se him gett of horse backe, and soe the 
said Wortley ride quite away out of his sight, soe that he never 
did see him since that time. 


July 21, 1666. Before William Gee, Esq. Arthur Alford, 
saith, that William Hunsloe,* of Walkington, upon the 20tli of 
this instant, with others, being speaking about the late battell 
betwixt his Majesties fleete and the Dutch navy, did say that the 
Dutch had got the better and were landed upon the coast at Brid- 
lington, and that hee would lead them on. What was the King ? 
Hee was but a chimney-sweeper, and hee would Justine it. 

* Hunsloe was tried at the assizes, and was ordered to be put in the pillory at 
York, Beverley, and Bridlington, on three several market days, with a paper affixed 
to his head declaring his offence. The naval war with the Dutch was being fought with 
varying success. The English had sometimes much the worst of it, and any allusion 
to their disasters would be sure to be resented. 



At the York City Assize, August, 1666. Stephen Bulkeley * 
was indicted "pro imprimando libellos, Anglice Ballads, etnon 
apponendo nianum suam, contra statutum." 


Aug. 2, 1666. Before Sir Joseph Cradock and James Met- 
calfe, Esq. Edmond Harcour^ alias Metcalfe, of Mul-er, sath, 
that, within these two yeares last past, one George Atkinson, f 
now of Muker, did severall tymes say that the surplice was the 
hower's smock, and that the King had broken his oath which he 
made to the Scotts by seting up this government, and if there 
were any riseing people would be flocking to them. 


Sept. 11, 1666. Before Sir Joseph Cradock and James Met- 
calfe, Esq. Margaret, vnfe of Enoch Hodgson, of Richmond, 
taylor, sayth, that a strainger (who is now in hold and calls 
himselfe by the name of John Fawsit) came yesterday, about 
fower a clocke in the afternoone, into her husband's house, and 
begged money of her, and said hee was newly come from the 
fleete. Whereupon shee asked him what victory wee had got. 

* This indictment was ignored by the grand jury. The accused person had printed 
and published a volume of ballads anonymously. No such book is now known to be 
in existence, and it is probable, therefore, that it was suppressed. 

Stephen Bulkeley was a well-known printer in the North. I have a book which he 
printed at York in 1642. In 1649 his press was busy in Newcastle, and shortly after 
this he was in Gateshead ; but soon after the Restoration he removed to Newcastle. 
After this he took up his quarters in York, and there he produced many of those 
curious little books which are now so difficult to obtain. 

•)• The accused person was the reader at Muker chapel and brings a countercharge 
against Metcalfe. He says that " Mettcalfe called him Baall's preist and asked him 
how he durst take upon him to be reader att Muker without the consent of all the 
neighbors." He denies saying anything about the surplice and the King. The grand 
jury threw out the bill. 

A bill ignored against Frances, wife of Ralph Wythes, gen. On 12 Sept., 1666, 
John Waddington, of Burton Leonard, yeoman, said to her, " Thou art a rogue and a 
rascall. Now that Oliver is dead, wee dare speake to you. Now we have a King, 
God blesse him." She replied, " Thou dost not knowe how long, knave V 



To wliich hee replyed, wee had gotten none since the former. 
And, further, askeing him what newes from London, hee said 
there was fowerscore parrishes burnt. And being asked whether 
Whitehall were safe or not, hee said it was burnt, and that hee 

saw the King and the Queene which was theire habittation 

at that time. And this informant said, " God knowes this hath 
beene a sore plott." Hee said. Yes. Hee had a letter from his 
brother out of France three months agoe, by which hee (knew) 
of it. And that Captaine Mayson of Yorke and young Rymcr 
were the cheife agents to carry on that plott * for this country 
and for Yorke. And this informant bewailing of the citty of 
London^s losse, hee said, they would not leave the face of a divill 
in it, before they had done with it. 

Micliaell Jackson, of Richmond, labourer, heard the above, and : 
alsoe that the said strainger said that hee could lay a ball and goe ^ 
an hundred miles before it should take fire.f 


Sept. 18, 1666. Before Sir John Armitage, Bt. Thomas 
Senior, of Ilopton, gen., saith, that upon Sundaye, the 9th of 
Sept., Doctor William Gill,| sometymes called Doctor Bridges, 
sometymes called Doctor Douglas, did in a sermon by him 
preached in the churche att Mirfeild , speakinge of the sinns of the 
people of England, and particulerly of the royall familie, did ex- 

* A most curious and remarkable deposition. Many people believed that the 
Roman Catholics were the authors of the great fire of London, but the charge appears 
to be a groundless one. It was boldly made on the Monument, and Pope is alluding 
to this accusation when he says of that ugly pillar, 

London's column, pointing at the skies, 

Like a tall bully, rears its head and lies. 

Little credit can be placed upon the statements of the accused person that are re- 
corded in this deposition. He was bound over at the assizes to keep the peace. 

Captain Mason, a month or two before this, had been arrested, with several others, 
for some offence against tlie state. As they were being lirought to York Castle, by 
order of Lord Arlington, the escort was attacked by five men at the little village of 
Darrington, near Pontefract. The result was that Mason made his escape. (Thoresby's 
Diary, i. 261.) " Young Rymer " was probably the same person who was concerned 
in the Farneley Wood plot, and the kinsman, if not father, of the well-known author 
of the Fcedcra. 

+ Fire-balls, which are said to have been used in London. 

J The name of this person does not appear among the vicars of Mirfield, and ho was 
probably an impostor. He was convicted at the next assizes and fined 13s. 4rf., in 
addition to which, he was to stand in the pillory in the market-places of Leeds, Wake- 
field, Halifax, and Bradford. 


presse and deliver these followinge words (to wit) that nothinge 
but reproache, shame, and confusion of face belonged to the royall 
famillie for their sinns and wickednesse. 

Thomas Mann, of Mirfeild, heard in December last one Doctor 
Gill preach a sermon in Mirfeild church and deliver theise wordes, 
" The King and Queene are both idolaters, and soe are all the 
royall family. It is I that have said it." 

Mary, loife of Thomas Fox, of Tote hill, clothier, on Tuesday 
the 5th of Sept., heard Mr. Gills (a wanderinge preacher) say 
theise wordes, " I have bene the Kinge's chaplin, but I never made 
it knowne before, and I have it in my power to burne Fe- 
kisby,* and, if I save it, it is for the old Mrs. Thornhill's sake, 
for shee is a good woman:" and then saide to this informant, 
" Lett theise wordes dye at thy foot, lett them goe no further, I 
say, for, if thou do, I shall heare of them againe," 


Nov. 10, 1666. Before Wm. Wickham, Esq. Thomas Holt, 
of Halhjfax, gent., saith, that drinkeing a cupp of ale at Egton f 
with Wm. Kirke of Esdale side, the said Kirke said to the land- 
lord of the house, being one of my soldiers, " Their major is 
growne so high that he saith never a papist shall weare a sword, 
not soe much as a stick in his hand. I say never a cavalier shall 
weare a sword. Within a few daies thou shalt not se a King in 


Before Sir Joseph Cradock and James Metcalfe, Esq. Dec. 
11, 1666. James Hxitchinson, of Hartly,in Wesbnerland, minor, 

* Fixby, in the parish of Halifax, the old seat of the Thornhills. 

f There were a great many Roman Catholics in the neighbourhood of Whitby, es- 
pecially at Egton. 

X A most extraordinary story of a murder said to have been comm tted among the 
moors between Askrigg and Westmerland. 

That there had been a murder is probable enough. Chr. Alderson, of Askrigg, 
deposes that a person of the name of John Smith, who used to buy stockings at Ask- 
rigg, slept at his father's house in Swaledale on the 23d of March two years ago, and 
that he went towards Kirkby Stephen next day, and that he had heard it said that the 
man had never been seen again. A woman called Helen Alderson, of West Stonesdale, 
says, that, on the day on which " the plotters were executed at Appleby," she came 
from Mallerstang to her master's house at West Stonesdale; and, at a place called 

L 2 


say til, that, in spring was two yeares, liee went from his owne howse 
with one Thomas Whiteheele, his neighbour, to seeke for two 
young horses upon the moore; and, being parted, he heard a 
voice cry out " Murder ! " and did verily beleive hee heard the 
noise of a blow given, and two other men's voices; and after a 
litle while after he saw a horse with a rideing sadle on his 
backe coming towards hiin,* and a man following him on foote; 
whom hcc asked if hee saw not two staggs, and hee said " IS'oe." 
Then this informant said unto him, " You have sure beene fight- 
ing, for you are all bloody," though hee saw no blood on him; 
and then that man replied " Noe." This informant then asked 
him who was with him ; hee said it was his father and a neigh- 
bour who did followe a poore man who had lodged at his father's, 
and had stolne something there, and soe went away. And this 
informant went unto a place called Hollow Mill, and looked 
downe the gill and saw two men standing together with their 
backs towards him, and something lyeing on the ground . . 
if it were cloathes ; and then hee went a litle fiirther and . . . 
said Whitheele and told him what he had hard and seen. Then 
to see what would become of the men that were .... 

Hawkinge Bower, near Hollow-mill-crosse, she saw a man restinge himselfe against a 
bray with a kind of packe. on his backe, ! 

Whiteheele or Whitehead, Hutchinson's companion, says that he saw nothing oi 
the moors, and that they never found any bones at all ! He deposes that, on the firsi 
occasion, Hutchinson told him of the cry that he had heard and of the men that h( 
had seen. The Aldersons deny any connection with the affair. The informant's tale 
is partially confirmed, and it is a most marvellous one. The interest of it is heightened 
by the spiritual appearance mentioned at the end. Hutchinson was probably con- 
cerned in the murder himself, if he was not the sole perpetrator of it. He tells a some- 
what incoherent story; but what a picture it gives us of the terrors of a guilty conscience ! 

I have found a certificate on behalf of the Aldersons to the following effect : 
" Whereas one James Hutchinson, of Hartley in Westmerland, who maliciously has 
gone about by his informacion to take away the lives, good name, fame, and reputa- 
cions of James Alderson, of Thwaite in Swaledale, and George and John his sonns, 
wee certifie that they have alwayes beene reputed and well knowne to be of good 
name, &c., not at all in any wise attaintend, nor supposed to be of any leude or 
vicious behaviour, but honnest in all their dealeings with all men, fathfull subjects to 
his Majestye and his late Majesty of blessed memory, and lovers of all his Majesties 
liege people. And wee are fully perswaded that the informacion of the said Hutchin- 
son and his complices is false, and by the instigation of that wicked one the enimic 
of mankind." Feb. 26, 160(3. 

Appended to it are the signatures of 106 persons, including George and Francis' 
Atkinson, n>inisters, Edmund Milncr, and Janios Fryer, bailiff of the manor of 
Helagh. To shew how the dales were divided among clans I may say that the petition 
is signed by 33 Aldirsons, 18 Miluers, 11 Harkers, and 7 Metcalfes. 

The bill against the Aldersons was ignored by the York Grand Jury. 

* One Elizabeth Harrison of Nateby deposes before Sir Philip Musgravo that 
" she did see a man following a horso that had got from him. There was a yellow 
sadle cloth under his sadle; the horse couler gray. She did nott know the man, nor 
how long it is since sheo saw him." 


and by and by they came towards tliis informer and Wliiteliccle, 
and then this informer did perceive they were bearing something 
betweene them, and told the said Whiteheele therof, whereupon 
they went towards them, but they tooke horse and went away. 
Yet afterwards this informant and Whiteheele met a footman 
who came up the way that the 2 horsmen went down, and asked 
him if hee knew the 2 horsmen, and hee said " Noe," soe they 
returnd home. And at the latter end of summer they went 
unto the moore to seeke their staggs againe; and, coming nere 
to the place where they saw the two men bearing something, 
they began to looke aboute, and, in a waterhole, to their thinking, 
they saw the ribs of a man sticking in the bray, which, when 
they had moved with a stafFe, fell into the water and swome, and 
then this informant did conceive their was the corpse and head of 
a man with haire on it. And this informant further saith that, 
about this time twelve month, one George Alderson, of Spenn- 
house in Swaildaile, meeting with this informant at Kirby 
Stephen, asked him if hee did not use sometimes to bee upon the 
moores, and this informant said " Yes;" then the said George 
Alderson said hee was the footman that belonged to the two 
horsmen that you saw in the gill, whom you asked if I knew 
them. And this informant then asked him who they were, and 
hee said his father and his brother John. And then this informant 
said "Was that your brother? Where got hee his horse againe?" 
and hee said, "At a house hard about thetowne head," and, being 
asked what occasioned his coming thither that day, hee said his 
father and his brother were gone out before after a poore fellow 
that was lodged there, and had stolne something, and hee followed 
them for feare they should get some harme, but, before hee came 
to them, the deed was done. Hee said alsoe that his father was a 
very wicked man,* and did not repent him of anything hee had 
done ; to which this informant replied, " Tell him from mee he shall 
heare from mee if I bee troubled in conscience or any other way." 
And this informer further sayth that, about Candlemas after, as 
hee stood at his owne doore about daygate, with his wife and , . , 
Hartly aforesaid not being farr off, there came a strange lookeing 
man with a sad coloured coat, and a poake tied about his shoulder, 
and a stafFe in his hand, and this informant bad him good even, 
and put of his hat, but the man said nothing at all, nor moved 
his hat. Whereupon this informant's wife f said she wondered 

* The Aldersons deny all this, especially George. Isabel Hutchinson, the inform- 
ant's wife, swears that he used the words in question about the wickedness of his 

t The woman's deposition will illustrate this passage, " Shee was standing within 


what kindc of man that was, to whom tliis informer said, " Sure 
he is a Quaker." Then the straing person said, " The Quakers' 
religion is better then yours, for yours is a murthering religion." 
Then this informant replied, " I defie thee and all the world for 
any such things;" and then hee said, " Hee that hath concealed 
murther is as bad as a murtherer." And this informant further 
sayth that, hee being in bedd one night this last summer, hee 
heard a voice, which he knew not, say unto him, " Speake, for I 
am sure thou art not asleepe." Then this informant said, " 1 
command thee in the name of the Father, Sonn, and Holy Ghost 
to tell mee what thou art; and, if thou bee sent by God to declare 
what thou hast to say," and it denied that it was sent by God, or 
to tell what it was. 


Feb. 28, 1666-7. Before John Clarke, Esq. Mary Davison, 
of Alnewicke, sayth, that the 1st of Feb. she liveing with Mr. 
Thomas Medcalf in Alnewicke, one Luke Wetherhead comminge 
home to the said house from plough was exceeding merry. She 
asking him the reason of his mirth, he answered her, that in the 
five acres where he had that daye ploughed he had found a pott 
full of silver, and much gold in the midle of it, and that it was 
all chested about, and that he would fetch it home at night. 
And at supper he told her that he and Robert Sanderson had 
beene fetching home the gold and silver, and that he had lifted 

the doore when this SKjiposed man came by there doore, whom shee did see, but tooke 
noe notice what kynde of person hee was, nor did she heare him say anything to hir 
husband; but she heard hir husband say, "I defie thee and all the broad world in 
that kynde." The tyme, to the best of hir remembrance, was betwixt Christmas and 
Candlemas last. One night, being in bed with her husband, she did wake out of 
sleepe and thought shee heard her husband talke, and asked him if he did speekc, 
and hee answered he spooke to noe body, but he never told hir anything that he was 
frighted untill lately that it was comonly discoursed off."' 

* A curious story of a case of treasure-trove in Northumberland. The discoveries of 
money and plate in that county have been numerous. Roman remains of great value 
have been found from the very earliest times, nay, in the first rituals of the Northern 
church there are special prayers for the consecration of vessels that were found 
in heathen places. The Corbridge lanx, now in the possession of the Duke of North- 
umberland, is very well known. 

During the wars with Scotland a good deal of English treasure was lost on the 
Borders. 1 remember ten years ago at Carlisle examining a hoard containing several 
thousands of the silver pennies oi the Kdwards. They had boon brought to an iron- 
monger by two labourers who had found them near the Roman Wall. One had got 
his hat full of coins, and the other two stocking- feet crammed with them. They were 
being sold at the uniform price of Gd. a piece, and I became the purchaser of some 
fine Bpecimens. 


it up vipon Robert Saunderson's backe, and that hee did not think 
he could have carried soe greate a weight of silver and gold in 
a great pott. And moreover one Jane Bell brought home a 
greate deale of it in a poke under her arme. She asked him 
when he would part it, he answered, here is soe dunes much of 
it that he could not gett time to partt it untill some hollydaye or 
some afternoone. The next daye being Candlemas daye, the 
said Mr. Medcalf being to hyre Robert Saunderson, the said 
Luke told him, " What neede hadst thou be hyred haveing soe 
much money? Thow mayst have bought land of thine owne and 
stockd it. For my part I shall garr two oxen and two horses 
mainetaineme like a man all my life time." He asked her how bigg 
a 5s. peece of gold was. She answered as bigg as three pence. 
He answered, then the gold that we have found are 20s. peeces, 
for they were as bigg as 12c?. and that they had enough of them. 
And he told her that the pott was as bigg as the large brass pott 
she was scowringe. 


March 13, 1666-7. Before Sir George Fletcher and Thomas 
Denton, Esq. Thomas Pattinson, saith, that when he should 
have come to give in evidence at the last gaole delivery held at 
Carlile, against Thomas Law, James Bridon, and John Bell,t 
whoe were at the breakeing of the house of Christ. Wannoppe of 

* A case which gives a vivid picture of the state of society in Cumberland — and 
what a picture it is — outrages of the most dreadful kind — gentlemen by birth assisting 
the villains, and magistrates of the county defeating the ends of justice, and drinking 
with them in the common public houses. The account of the robbery is most graphic. 

•f At the gaol delivery at Carlisle, in December, 1666, John Bell was sentenced to 
death for this burglary. Law was acquitted, and Briden died before the assize began. 
Edward Birney was out on bail, and, as there is no mark against his name, it seems 
probable that he did not surrender. Pattinson and Law were bound over to keep the 
peace, and to appear at the next assize. Pattinson lived at Crosby; Law, Bell, Birney, 
and Noble, were " Bewcastlers," and lived in the most disreputable village in the 
North of England. Bell was probably some kinsman to the worthy who was comme- 
morated by the following inscription in the churchyard of Farlam near Bewcastle : 

John Bell, broken brow, 
Ligs under this stean : 
Four of mine own sons 
Laid it on my weam. 
I was a man of my meate. 
Master of my wife ; 
I lived on my own land 
Without mickle strife. 


the Holm , . ., this informant was threatened by Mr. William 
Oglethorpe,* that if he did give in evidence against Law, hee 
would bringe in James Briden, whoe was then at liberty, to come 
in, and sweare away his life. And that if there were not another 
man in England to come to doe the said Pattinson a mischeife, 
he, the said Mr. Oglethorpe, would either doe him a mischeife as 
to his person or estate himselfe. And Christ. Wannope hath 
confest that Mr. Oglethorpe would have given him 51. not to 
have prosecuted Bell. The said I\Ir. Oglethorpe gave many 
harsh and terrible threatening words against the informant, which 
made him not soe cleare in his evidence against Law as he would 
have beene; which caused this informant to make his complaintt 
to^ Mr. Denton, t in hopes that course might have been taken 
with the said Oglethorpe, that soe he might have given in more 
clearer evidence. But the said Oglethorpe receiving noe rebuke, 
made this informant more slow in his evidence, as also because 
Henry Dacree, Esq., did wish him not to give in evidence against 
Law, for that the Earle of Carlile was out of the county, and that 
his Lordshipp had noe spleane to him,| which did more win upon 
the informant. He further saith, that about a weeke before the 
said house was broken, the said Law, Bridon, Bell, together with 
Edward Birney, Mungoe Noble,§ and one George Koutledge, || 
went almost to the house of the said Christ. Wannope, to have 
broken the same; but they, heareing people abroade that night, 

* Mr. William Oglethorpe was a thief himself, as well as a companion and encourager 
of thieves. He was tried at Carlisle, in August, 1667, for cattle stealing, and, plead- 
ing guilty, his case was referred to the Earl of Carlisle. There must have been 
something very attractive and romantic to a person like Oglethorpe in living the life of 
an outlaw and receiving the rude homage of the freebooters around him. I find that, 
in 1667, Richard Lascelles, of Gawthorpe, co. York, Gen., was in Newcastle gaol for 
frequenting the society of thieves. In the same year James Irwen, Esq., was charged 
at Carlisle with being a person of evil name and reputation, and Lord Carlisle was 
desired to settle what was to be done with him. 

t Thomas Denton, Esq. was one the most active of the Cumberland magistrates. 
He wrote a peculiarly neat hand, and it is quite a treat to find a deposition which he 
took down. Mr. Denton, Sir Wm. Dalston, Bt., and Sir George Fletcher, Uart., were 
the royal commissioners who condemned Bell at Carlisle. 

X This will give the reader an unpleasant insight into the state of Cumberland. 
The Earl of Carlisle, like Belted Will, was lord-pai'amount in the county. He had 
but recently returned from his expedition into Russia, of which an amusing account 
was published in 1G69. There is much about him in that choice and splendid book, 
" The Memorials of the Howard Family," which was privately printed by the late 
Mr. Howard of Corby. I possess both these works. 

§ Of this arch-thief some more information will soon be given. 

II The Routlodges lived in that den of wickedness, Bcwcastlo. They were also called 
Kirkbock. There was no one in this county at that time who did not possess an 


returned againe in very great wrath and fury; the said Noble 
declareing that he had put the inside of his coate (out) on purpose 
to goe downe the chimney. And tliat he had three dayes 
veiwed the house where they might best (enter), and he found 
noe place soe convenient as the chimney. He, further, saith, 
that aboute a weeke after the attempt, the same persons came 
againe, except Noble and Routledge, accedentally meeting with 
Squire Dacree, as he was comeing to Harper-hill, all the said par- 
tyes fell into drinke with the said Mr. Dacrees, at Jenkin Arm- 
strong's, at Greenes burne, and soe stayed till the busieness of the 
house-breakeing was over, at which James Bridon and Tho. Law 
was very angry. And Bridon declareing tathis informant upon 
the saying he was afraide that Noble would discover them, said, 
" what, man !" that the said Noble could not deny his helpeing 
him to drive the seaven beasts which they stole out of Long 
Martin, from one Atkinson, about Brough faire last, with many 
other slouths and roberryes that the said Noble was in with the 
said Bridon, and therefore he durst not make any discoverye to 
the Squire for his life. Alsoe this informant further saith that 
he heard the said Bridon declare the said night that they broke 
the house of Wannope, that he had a mare of Mr. William 
Oglethorpe's, which he lent him when he and Noble went to 

steale the seaven beasts of Raylton's, of Newbiggin, and 

soe brought them unto Beewcastle ; and he told tliis informant 
that Bridon, Oglethorpe, and Noble did devide the said goods 
amongest them. And about Michaelmas last Thomas Lawe told 
him that Mr. Oglethorpe would joyne with them in the breakeing 
of Wannope's house, and that of one Eobert Blacklocke, of 
Rickerby, which they resolved to have gone to have broken if 
Bell had not bled soe ill in loseing two of his teeth. And he 
told him that William Oglethorpe had beene at severall such like 
busienesses before, for that there was a house broken about Kirk 
Oswald, and in makeing their attempt, one of the company had a 
stone throwne at him by one of the house as he was goeing upp 
the ladder, which feld him to the ground. Upon which they left 
the house and tooke the corps, and carried them to Bewcastle, 
and there buried him. And soe the said partyes smothered 
it the dead man's freinds, and said he had beene sicke a weeke 



July, 1667. Elizabetha DufFeild, de Cawood, vidua, pro dis- 
pergendo diversa plasimata peste infecta * infra villam de Cawood. 


July 4, 1667. Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Before John Emerson, 
mayor. Margaret, loife of Thomas Sherhurne, icatchmaker, saith, 
that, on Munday last, one Emmy Gaskin, of Sandgate, came to 
this informer's doore, and one Elizabeth Gibson her servant came 
to the doore, and the said Emmy asked something for God's sake ; 
the said Elizabeth told her she had nothing for her, for she had 
gott too much ill by her allreadye. And this informer, lookeing 
out of the windoe, asked this said Gaskin what she did there, and 
bid her begone, for she had nothing for her. She replyed againe, 
if she had nothing for her, she said God give her lucke on it ; and 
the said Emmy said to the maide, that she hoped either she would 
breake her necke or hang herselfe before night. And the said 
maide hath never been well since, for the night after she tooke her 
fitt which she had done many tymes before, and lay that she could 
not speake for about half an houre, and when she was in that 
condicion there begun a thing to cry like a henn among the 
people's feet, and assone as it begun to cry, the said Elizabeth 
did begin to smile and laugh, and then the thing that cryed like 
a henn did, as they thought, flawter with the wings against the 
bords of the floor, and when it left off the said Elizabeth came 
out of her fitt, and asked what that was that cryed, as she thought, 
like a henn, for she heard it, and saw the women that came to 
ask something for God's sake goe out at the doore, and is still 
worse and worse. 


Aug. 16, 1667. At Newcastle, before Charles Earle of Car- 

* A very singular indictment. A woman exposes in the little village of Cawood 
some clothes, which, as it was supposed, were infected with the plague. The villagers 
are up in arms, and she is sent to the assizes. The plague paid many visits to York 
and its neighhourhood during this century, and did much mischief. The country 
people, as it will he seen, took the utmost precautions against its spreading. The disease 
was very fatal in the diocese of Durham at tliis time. Among the ^Micklcton MSS. in 
Dishop Ctisin''s lihrary at Durham arc many papers relating to its progress. 


lisle. Ann Armestrange * deposetli, that, about a weeke or forth- 
night before Martinmas, Arch. Litle brought a blunt taled nag 
out of Cumberland, which he delivered to one Robert Moore, son 
of Geo. Moore, of Long Witton. That tyme More helped Little 
to a booty to carry backe. They first attempted to steale a white 
maire with a fole about Wooler, but were chased from her. The 
next night Little and Moore stole 2 horses, one from Barber of 
Long Witton, a maire coloured dun, another from Greene Leyton, 
a bl. dun nag. They carryed these to Darder, where they were 
kept by Eobert Henderson, nephew to Robert Snawden, and by 
Sim. Elliott alias Cully, whoe likewise had a booty of live beastes 
and one maire. The next night Little and Moore stole five great 
beastes from Long Witton, and brought them to Dardar, where 
they had left the horses. They had their meat at Ann Hender- 
son, of Rimpside, dureing this tyme. The next night being 
Saturday, Arch. Little, Sim. Cully, and the informant went away 
with the beastes and horses, and by the way neare Wascow Sheild 
they tooke away with them those beastes belonging to William 
Clea. Then they drive the beastes to Tho. Scott's,! of Dodbogg, 
where Scott would not let them come into the house because there 
was a fox-thatcher there, but carryed them to a sheyld hard by 
his house, where he made them a fire and got them meate. After 
2 howers stay they went out a mile further to Jo. Rackas sheild, 
where they part two beasts amongest Mr. Charleton's J of the 
Boure, and stayed there all day. Geo. Telfare came thither at 
that tyme, and proiFered to send them meat from his sheild, but 
they did not accept it. Then next night, being Sunday, they 
drive their beastes to Mongo Noble's, § save two that tyred, which 

* The confession of a woman who had been a companion of thieves. She reveals 
the exploits of a marauding party, and her story possesses all the interest of a romance. 
This deposition must be read with No. CLX., as the one illustrates the other. I know 
not what became of the woman, who had been arrested on a charge of larceny, but 
Archibald Little, alias Scald-Arch, was tried at the Cumberland Assizes in March, 
1666-7, and was sentenced to death, but was subsequently reprieved. 

f Thomas Scott was acquitted at the Northumberland assizes in April, 1667. 

J This person seems to have had a very bad character. I have seen him mentioned 
in several instances as either thieving himself or assisting thieves. 

§ This Mungo Noble inherited all the thieving propensities of the famous Hobbie 
Noble, and was one of the greatest rogues on the Borders. He was a native of Bew- 
eastle, and was very frequently in trouble, but generally contrived to make his escape. 
In 1663 he was charged with buying sheep and lambs knowing them to be stolen. 
In April, 1665, he was tried at the gaol delivery at Hexham, but was acquitted. In 
1668 he was out on bail for divers felonies in Cumberland. The following extract 
refers to him : — 

" When his Lordship held the assizes at Newcastle, there was one Mungo Noble 
(supposed a great thief) brought to trial before his lordship, upon four several indict- 
ments; and his lordship was so much a South-country judge, as not to think any of 


weare left at Dodbogg, and belonged to Sim. Cully's share. Mongo 
Noble was from home, and his Avife was fearefull to receive them, 
James Briden being newly taken : yett shce, after a little, tooke 
them into the house and gave them meat, and putt Little and 
Cully into a barne where Mongo his man lay called Wm. Nixon. 
The next morneing, being Munday, Cully sent this informant 
backe to Dodbocke to carry a bay horse, which was stole out of 
Yorkeshire, to Rimpside, which she did, and came backe to them 
to Mongo Noble's upon Wednesday following, where Cully still 
was, and told this informant that Little was gone to William 
Oglethorpe. The informant went then to Jo. Martine's of Ride- 
ings, where shee stole some cloathes, which she brought first to 
her uncle Jo. Armestrang's, and, after, her uncle went with her 
to Mongo Noble's, where Cully was afraid and threatened her 
because he thought shee had betrayed them to her uncle. She 
got the cloathes from Martine's before shee went with the gray 
horse to Rimpside. While shee was at Mongo Noble's there 
(came) a little man with a red face bl. haire wellkled. The 
people called him Sir. Shee conceived it was William Ogle- 
thorpe. He was about buying the dun maire and a cow that was 
stole or estrayed from them, offering eight shillings to Little 
whether shee was found or not, but the cow being found again, 
Little would not take soe little. She further deposeth that Tho. 
Moralee * came to her last night and advised her to keepe her 
tongue, and hee and his freinds woidd warrant her. Shee further 
saith that the cloathes that she stole from Barwicke shee brought 
to Edward Charleton, of Newton, who advised her to put on 
man's cloathes, which shee did, and left both her cloathes and 
other things that shee gott their with him ; which cloathes she 
could never get againe. There was of the Barwicke goods a bl. 
gowne, two ould peices of gold, three gold ringes, a silver bodkin, 
a greene petticoat with silver lace, hoods and scarfes, and severall 
other thinges. She afterwards by Robert Snawden's advise went 
to Edward Charleton to demand her cloathes. He told her he 

them well proved. One was for stealing a horse of a person unknown, and the evidence 
amounted to no more than that a horse was seen feeding upon a heath near his shicl 
(which is a cottage made in open places of turf and flag) and none could tell who was the 
owner of it. In short, tho man escaped, niiich to the regret of divers gentlemen, who 
thought ho deserved to he hanged ; and that w;is enough. AVhile the judge, at the 
trial, discoursed of the evidence and its defects, a Scotcth gentleman upon the bench, 
who was a Border commissioner, made a long neck towards the judge and said, ' My 
laird,' said he, ' send him to huzz, and yees neer see him mere.' " (Life of Lord 
Keeper Guildford, i. 28G.) 

* This person, and one of the name of Gerard Morale, wore indicted at the North- 
umberland assizes in March, l(JG5-t), and were bound over to keep the peace. 


would give lier none, but threatened her to deliver them to a jus- 
tice of peace, if shee demanded any. Shee further saith that the 
cloathes for which she is now prosecuted she had them from Eliz. 
Gibson, daughter of Anthony Gibson. Shee further depose th 
that Kobert Snawden brought out of the west country a gray 
horse, for which he exchanged a broune one of his owne that was 
got in Yorkshire when he went thither with Edward Conyers. 
This gray liorse is still in the possession of Jo. Hall, of Rodbury. 
Elinor Jorden, of Biskerton, is a receptor of ill company. About 
the latter end of harvest last, Robert Snawden had two bl. steers 
which came out of the west countrey, but knowes not whose 
goodes they were, nor from whom he had them. Sim. Cully and 
Arch. Little stole the beasts from Clenell, which were all gott 
againe but foure, which they blamed Oglethorpe for imbesleing. 
They were first carryed to Mongo Noble's ; this Little and Cully 
told this informant. 



Oct. 6, 1667, Samuell Sivayne, of Sowerhy, saith, he was an 
apprentice with one John Platts, of Stanering End, above Sow- 
erby, and about one month or five weekes before the discovery 
of the late plott,* the saide John Platts desired him to ryd a- 
meare for the said John, under Capt. Hodgson, of Coley Hall, 
against his Ma*'^ that now is, which meare was well kept and very 
privatly for the space of one quarter of the yeare or thereabouts 
for that purpose ; and the saide John told him that he should 
have a case of pistolls and bullitts, and a sword, which he then 
had, and if that were not good enough he would buy him a better 
and provide him with what other armor that was fittinge. After 
the saide plott was discovered Capt. Hodgson was taken prisoner 
and sent to Yorke ; the saide John Platts hereinge thereof saide 
to this informant that if he had bene there when he was taken he 
would have lost his life before that Capt. Hodgson should have 
beene taken. And the saide John Platts did incurrage him to 
goe, and tould him that he might gett one hundreth pounds in 
the yeare by that business, if God blessed them that the plott 

* The Sowerby plot, as it is called, was in the summer of 1661. There is little 
known about it. There is something concerning it in the Memoirs of Captain Hodg- 
son, 1733-4. That gentleman had some share in it and was arrested. His ill fortune, 
we see, won him some sympathy, as he was greatly esteemed in the parish of Halifax. 
This was the first movement made in Yorkshire by the discontented Independents, but 
nothins came of it. 


went forward, and that he would have had him ridd his meare, 
before one Josias Stansfeilde and others, which said Josias 
answered and saide, that he should have discovered it within 
foure and twenty houres, for now (said he) it is too late. And 
when this informant denied to ride the saide meare the saide 
John did sore beate him, and caused him to leave that part of 
the country. 


March 31, 1668. Before Sir Robert Shafto, at Newcastle. 
Robert Fryzer, Serjeant-att-Mace, saith, that, on the 1 5th of Oct., 
being att Wm. Mason's house in the Bigg markett, in company 
with Capt. Eichard Mason, and some other gentlemen of this 
towne, and John Lee,*, yeoman, and the company discoursinof 
of his late Ma*'*^^ unjust and unlawfull sufferings, the said Lee 
(though not att all spoke to) said that he had often spoke to his 
Ma*i®, and that the towne of Newcastle could not afford soe ill- 
favored a face as he had ; upon which he being desired to hold 
his peace or begon, he replied, " What better is the present King, 
for there hath been no grace in the land since he came to it."t 

William Hall, saith that, being then present, John Lee spoke 
that there were none that bare office in the excise but rogues, 
and what he did say to the rogue Mason, the exciseman, (meane- 
ing the said Captaine Mason) he would prove and vindicate it ; 
and what was Henry Brabant | (meaneing the present right wor^'^ 
maior) but an exciseman? and none but broken rogues had such 

* A person who speaks very freely against Royalty and the excise. Whatever 
faults Charles I. had, he certainly had no " ill-favoured face." That monarch was in 
Newcastle in 1639 and 1646. In the latter year he spent about nine months in the 
town, being at that time a prisoner. There are several anecdotes connected with his 
residence, which will be found in the local histories. I will give another, referring to 
an incident that occurred in the neighbourhood of Auckland. The King, it is well 
known, had an excessive dislike to smoking. The soldiers who were guarding the 
King were making use of their pipes without any regard to royalty, when a Mrs. 
Wren, of Binchester, went up to them and broke them in their mouths. " Lady," 
said the King, "I thank you. You have done more than I durst have done." 

t John Mayling was charged with saying at Newcastle, on March 10, 1667-8, "God 

d I'is Majcstio, what was hec more then another man that soe many men had 

suffered death for him ? It were a good deed if all England would rise upp against 
him, and make quite of him, and then they would be quiett." He was acquittctl, as 
also was Lee. 

X In June, 1660, Mr. Brabant was made collector of the Customs, Subsidies, &c. at 
Newcastle. Ho was afterwards knighted, and in Feb. 1672 the reversion of his 
otiice was given to his son Henry. 



Apr. 28, 1668. Before Thomas Denton, Esq. Doroiliy Skeltoji, 
widdow, relict of Lancelott Skelton, late of High-house, co. Cum- 
herland, gentleman, deceased* saitli that, aboute the last Twelftide, 
her said husband happened to have a defluction of rheum, and a 
distemper in his teeth, which impostumated, and, for want of 
skilfull chirurgions, put him into great paine and extremety of 
illnesse. About which time one Wm. Skelton of Penreth, gen- 
tleman, one of the brothers of the said Lancelott (who was at that 
time owing unto the said Lancelott the sume of 160^.) did, with 
many fair perswasions and flatteries, prevaile with the said Lan- 
celott to come to Penreth to the house of the said Wm., and that 
Joyce, wife of the said Wm., did both write and speake unto the 
said Lancelott to come to her uncle, Thomas Gasgarthe, clerke of 
the parish of Penreth, and she was confident, next under God, he 
would cure him. Whereupon the said Lancelot was perswaded, 
contrary to this informant's minde, to go to his said brother's house 
in Penreth. And when they had him there, the three did make him 
believe that his distemper was the French-pox ; as they both after- 
wards confessed they did to this informant, for which they gave him 
an oyntment, which they applyed to his backe; which Gasgarth 
confessed to this deponent would have killed him, if he had given 
him soe much more of that oyntment as the breadth of his finger. 
Afterward, aboute the beginning of March last, she, fearing that 
they had some designe upon her said husband, and that, partly by 
designe, and partly by want of judgment, they might endanger 
his life, did bring one Dr. Warton, an eminent physitian in Lan- 
cashire, to see him, and to know of him what was her said 
husband's distemper, who, haveing seen him, told her that he that 
had him in hand was an asse and a knave to take a man under cure, 
and not to know the nature of his disease. And he further said 
that his disease was the scurvy onely and noe other disease : and he 
gave this informant directions what he should take for the cure of it. 
But before the druggs could be procured, and the physick adminis- 
tered, they had drawn in his body soe weake with their tampering 
that his body was not fitt to receive it. And of that weaknesse he 
dyed suddenly after. And she further saith that they the said 
William, Joyce, and Skelton, did dureing the time of his illnesse, 

* A Cumberland gentleman falls into the hands of quacks, and dies in consequence 
of their treatment. The case, however, was never brought before a court. 


by all possible mcanes endeavour to alienate the aiFcction of the said 
Lancelot from her. And when she brought the said Dr. Wartou 
to see him, they made him beleive that she brought him to 
destroy him. And, in the time of his illnesse they got the said 
Lancelott to signe a release of the said debt of 160/., if it soe 
happend that he should die of that sicknesse. And the said Gas- 
garth, about a week before the death of the said Lancelot, did 
confesse that he was mistaken in his disease. And she further 
saith that he did never professe physick, nor chyrurgery, but 
hath ever been and yet is a parish clarke. And she doth verily 
beleive that by their unlawfull tamperings and clandestine prac- 
tices the said Lancelott came by his death. 


June 19, 1668. Before Sir Conyers Darcy. Ellin Wasse, of 
Ellerton, saith, that John Mclmerby came to her house, and con- 
fessed that on a night of publick ringing (which she beleeves was 
the 5th of November) he did lye concealed in a stall in Catherick 
church,* untill all the people were gone out, and then he tooke 
from thence the tippett, surplesse, and plate. And laughing 
merrily he sayd that Mr. Anthony was not able to gett another 

* Sacrilege at Catterick. The case was a trumpery one, and Melmerby was ac- 
quitted at York. Mrs. Wasse's testimony was not believed. It was shown that she 
was influenced by her husband, who had made his escape from York Castle and wished 
to injure Melmerby. It appears that Melmerby, hearing of the robbery, got a search- 
warrant from Major Smithson, and went with it to the constable at Catterick, who was 
angry at him for interfering. By the advice of the vicar and Mr. Crofts of Appleton, 
Melmerby was arrested and carried to Richmond before Sir Joseph Cradock. 

In the indictment the articles stolen are described as, a tippet, a surplice, a silver 
bowl, a woollen table cloth, a linen table cloth, a pulpit cloth, a hearse cloth, a 
napkin, and a basin. 

I could say much about Charles Anthony, the vicar. The following entry which he 
made in his parish register bears directly upon this deposition and shews how he re- 
placed what had been carried away. 

" Deo Optimo, Maximo, calicem argenteum Carolus Anthonius, ecclesias de Cathe- 
rick vicarius, dedicavit 25'" die Decembris, anno Christi 1681. 

" Oratio ejusdem ad calicis dedicationem. 

" Omnjpotens, Sempiterne Deus, Qui liberaliter omnibus tribuis, humillime confiteor 
nihil mo de me habere, praiter quod do Tua benignitate accepi. In testimonium lar- 
gitatis Ture, et gratitudinis mea;, de Tuis retribui; et Majestati Tu3C hunc calicem 
dedico et consecro, non inanis gloria avidus, nee tcrrena; remuncrationis cupidus, sed 
devotissimo corde motus et humillimo animo promptus. Obsccro, ut banc liberam 
meam oblationcm benigne accijiiiis, gratiose per manus meas sanctifices, et potenti Tua 
manu conserves et custodies, in usum perpetuum hujusccclesiic de Catherick, ah onini 
fwHo et 2>cri<:a/o : Per Jcsum Christum, Unicum Dominum, Unicum Redemptorcm, 
et Unicum Sal valorem nostrum. 

Gloria in o.\eelsis Deo Patri, ct Jcsu Christo, Filio Ejus Unigenito, et Spiritui 


tippett.* And he confessed that he did hide the said goods in a 
hole behind the doore within his house, and covered the same 
with a board and other trash which he threw upon it. And he 
sayd also that he went to a justice of peace for a warrant to searcli 
for the sayd goods, for fcarc people should thinkc that he had 
stolne them himselfe. 


June 26, 1668. Before Francis Barker, Esq. John Bowman, 
of Greenhill, co. Darhi/, tajjlor,'\ saith, that, upon the Tuesday 
before Assention Day last, hee was comeing home from Sheffield 
market on the footway towards Highley; and about the mid- way 
there was one John Brumhead overtooke him, and they past along 
untill they came against the cutlers bridge. And when they came 
at the said bridge they had some discourse concerneing an appa- 
rition that had beenc scene theere, as it was reported, in the shape 
and corporall forme of a man that they called Earle George.^ 

Sancto, ex utroque procedeuti. Sicut in principio fuit, nunc est, et in serapiternum 

erit, per secula seculorum. Amen. 

Dedicavit item lintea pro altari, et pulvinar pro suggesto." 
Some other depositions about Melmerby will be given afterwards. 
* This reminds us of the old song : 

" Without any surplice, or tippett behind, 
" The priest shall say service." 

i" An extraordinary story ; and it is difficult to see why the man should make a de- 
position in this matter before a magistrate. 

X Earl George must be George Earl of Shrewsbury who died in 1590. He was a dis- 
tinguished and prudent statesman and a person of the highest rank and consequence. 
The braehet or hound, which he led, makes us acquainted with his favourite amuse- 
ment. In the tomb of the great Earl of Westmerland in Staindrop Church, there was 
found, a few years ago, the skull of a greyhound. 

Capgrave gives us a picturesque story when he tells us how in 1343 the restless spirit 
of Bishop Burghersh, of Lincoln, " appered onto on of his swyeres, with a bow, arrowes, 
and home, in a schort grene cote," and desired that reparation should be made for a 
misdemeanour that ho had committed. 

The story of Bishop Bek,of Durham, and Hugh the black huntsman of Galtres, will 
not be forgotten, " how thebusshop chasid the wild hart in Galtres forest, and sodainly 
ther met with him Hugh de Pontchardin that was afore deid, on a wythe horse ; and 
the said Hugh loked earnestly on the busshop and the busshop said unto him, " Hughe, 
what makethe thee here." And he spake never word, but lifte up his cloke, and then 
he shewed Sir Anton his ribbes set with bones and nothing more ; and none other of 
the varlets saw him, but the busshop only. And the said Hugh went his way, and 
Sir Anton toke corage, and cheered the dogges, and shortly after he was made Pa- 
triarque of Hierusalem, and he saw nothing no more. And this Hugh is him that the 
silly people in Galtres doe call Le Gros Veneur, and he was seen twice efter that by 
simple folk, afore yat the forest was felled in the tyme of Henry, father of Henry yat 
now ys." 

It is unnecessary to allude to the ballad of the wild huntsman. 



And as they were speakeinge of itt, of a sudden there visibly ap- 
peared unto them a man lyke unto a prince with a greene doublet 
and ruif, and holdinge a brachctc in his hande. Whereupon this 
examinate was sorelye affrighted and fell into a swound or trannce, 
and contynued in the same, as hoc conceiveth, for the space of 
aboute halfe an houre. And when he awakend he saw a man 
passinge with two loadend horses, and he went with him towardes 


Aug. 8, 1668. Before Thomas Denton and John Aglionby, 
Esqrs. Patritius Cuncen* gentleman, saith, that he being in 
company with Mr. William Howard and Mr. Henry Howard, and 
Mr. Grimston last night, there happened to be a difference 
between Mr. Wm. Howard and Mr. CurAven aboute the drinking 
of (a) glasse of wine, whereupon Mr. Henry Howard, upon some 
language passing between Mv. Wm. Howard and Mr. Curwen, 
tooke Mr. Curwen by the eares, and threatened to kick him out 
of the roome: and Mr. Grimston fell upon the said Mr. Curwen 
with his fists to beat him, till Mr. Broadwood, m"" of the house, 
tooke Mr. Curwen out of the roome and carryed him to a bed, 
where he lay for some time in his cloathes, and arose againe and 
went out into the townc to buy a sworde of Leiutenant Neale's in 
the presence of Mr. Basill Feilding, for which sword he had long 
before been treating to buy. And upon his returne he went into 
the chamber to challenge Mr. Henry Howard to fight upon the 
Sands adjoyning to the towne. The said Mr. Howard with Mr. 

* A duel arises out of some angry words that were spoken at a party of Cumberland 
gentlemen in the house of Mr. John Broadwood of Carlisle. Mr. Stephen Grimston 
says that the cause of the affray was the hasty temper of Mr. Curwen, who "spoke con- 
temptibly of all the family of Howards." We might think that Pope had seen this 

After they were separated, they go to rest. 

The two Howards occupy one bed. In the morning Curwen comes into the room 
to demand satisfaction, and, after another message, the meeting on the Sands is ar- 
ranged — the fons et origo mali. 

Mr. Curwen was a member of a junior branch of the house of Workington. That 
.great property came into the possession of his family on the decease of his namesake 
Sir Patricius Curwen. The two Howanls were sons of Sir Francis Howard of Corby, 
although they are omitted in the ela))orate pedigree of tiuit family w hieh was compiled 
by the late Mr. Henry Howard. 

On tlie 8th of August, Wm. Tallentyro, of Carlisle, certifies that Mr. Curwen is very 
seriously wounded, and that it is doubtful whether he will recover or not. Ho re- 
covered, and, after a short sojourn in Carlisle gaol, was discharged, with his fellow- 
prisoner, Meales. 


Robert Strickland did meet the said Mv. Curwcn with Sergeant 
Meales, and there the said Mr. Curwen engaged in duell with Mr. 
Henry Howard, and after he had wounded him twice desired 
him to give over, but Mr. Howard refuseing he killed him by 
running him through the body; and upon the said place also the 
said Mr. Strickland and Sergeant Meales engaged in fight as 



Sept. 17, 1668. At Rokeby, before Wm. Robinson, Esq. 
Margett Atkinson, of Ej^plehy Loio-feild,^ sayth, that her husband, 
John Atkinson, about 14 dayes since, hired a servant cauled Eliz- 
abeth Teasdale untill Martinmas, who, the same day she was 
hired, did speake in this informer's heareing some words, as if 
she knew something of the barborus murder that was lately com- 
mitted att Thorpe upon Phillis Gilpin and her maid, saying that 
she heard say that there was 2 that murdered the said Phillis 
Gillpin, and that they chased the maid about the house, and 
proded her from under the bed and borde with a spitt whilest one 
kept the dore; faltering in her relation, saying sonetimes it was 
a boy, other sometimes a girle, never shewing anny thing of 
regrette for so horrid a fact, but laughing at those who seamed to 
be troubled at it, seeming to lessen it, saying she was but a gogle- 
eyd quean; and, during her aboad with the said John Atkinson, 
which was but five dayes, her discourse was frequently of this 
murder; and, being pressed to declare how she came to know 
these things, she did, much against the mind, and without the 
privity or knowledge of this informer and her husband, she did 
desert their service. 

* A murdei- is conimitted in the quiet little village of Thorp, near Crreta-bridge. A 
servant girl in the neighbourhood lets fall some mysterious words which seem to imply 
that she knew something of the horrid deed. When some stir is made she runs away 
from her place, and gets away into Westmerland. When she is found she denies 
having ever spoken the words assigned to her. 

A person called Henry Carter, of Piercebridge, deposes that the woman told him 
that when the murder took place she was at Crosby Ravensworth, whereas she was 
really in the house of Chr. Thwaytes at Greta-bridge. He says also that Thos. Tolson, 
who lodged with Mrs. Detbick, not 30 yards from the place where the murder was 
committed, "had his dyett with the wooman until the murder done, and that blood 
was found in the house of M"'" Dithick, and afterwards blood was found upon the horse's 
maine under the place where Tolson lay." 

I cannot find that anything was done in this matter. 

M 2 



Oct. 17, 1668. George Batty, of St. Martin s-in-the-Feilds, 
taylor, saith, that Richard Batty,* his father, was keeper of 
Newby parke, belonging to Sir Metcalfe Robison, and that he 
was walkingc out from his lodge to the castle on the 11th of 
June, 1660, betweein the houres of 10 and 11 at night, when he 
was mett by Wm. Inman, Chr, Fish, and Marmaduke Horseman, 
who had a leash of greyhounds, and came to the said parke to 
steale deerc. Whilst the said Richard Batty did resist them he 
was knocked down by Inman, and he heard one of them say, 
" Hange him, and throw him into the pond." 


A true bill against Stephen Ellis, of Hipperholme, gen., for 
that he, on the 10th of May, 1669, said to Michael Armitage, 
son of Sir John Armitage,t then high sheriff of Yorkshire, 

* An affray in the park at Newby. Three noted poachei'S from Ripon had slipped 
their dogs at the herd of deer, when the keeper came up and shot one of the dogs, i 
Upon this he was assaulted by the three, and was severely wounded by Inman. He 
lived for 24 hours. His gun and the dog that he had shot were thrown into the 

Sir Metcalfe Robinson, who was in London, offered a reward of 10^. for the capture 
of each murderer. It was regularly announced in the market towns, and an unsuc- 
cessful hue and cry was made after the offenders. 

The murderers had fled the country. Eight years afterwards two of them seem to \ 
have been arrested in London, having been challenged by the old keeper's son. 

Chr. Fish confesses that he is a native of Andfield, He knows nothing of the 
murder or of the men since he left Ripon. He was once accused by Sir William 
Ingleby of stealing a deer. Has been at sea for more than six years, and came home 
twelve months since in the Rupert. Before that, he was in the Fountains, commanded 
by Captain Leggat. Lodges in the Angell in Well Alley in Wapping. Has a wife 
and three children at Ripon, but has not heard of them since he left. 

Marmaduke Horseman confesses that he was in the park with the other two, and 
that Inman struck the blow. They did not think that any harm had been done. He 
fled to Ireland, and has just come to England. 

The three were indicted at the Yorkshire assizes in Sept. 1660, and, on the 30th 
of March, 15 Car. II. they were outlawed. Fish and Horseman were sentenced to 
death at the next assize after the taking of these depositions, and were executed. 

f Sir John Armitage of Kirklees, another Sir John Fielding in the West Riding of 
Yorkshire. He was a great enemy to Nonconformists of every description, and was most 
active in suppressing conventicles. In this year he was High Sheriff of Yorkshire, 
and captain of the trained bands. He married a daughter of Thomas Thornhill, Esq., 
of Fixby, by whom he had eight sons, all of whom were childless. He fell from bis 
horse as he was returning home from a drinking party at Nunbrook in April, 1677, 
and broke his neck. Oliver Ileywood describes the scene, and evidently looked upon 
it as a judgment for Sir John's harshness to Dissenters. 



" Sirrah ! goe to Hallifax. And come, I am as good a man as 
tliy father, but that thy father has some more meanes. And that 
which hee has hee gott by his poore tennants by racking theim. 
I gott nott myne by cosening and cheating." 


June 27, 1669. Before Ralph Hebburne and Wra. Warren, 
Esqrs. Adam Bell, marchant caul burgess of Edenbrough, saith, 
that, about the beginning of November last past, William 
Warren, late of Wooler, being then in Edenbrough, came to 
him, and would have perswaded him to (have) gone along with 
him to have taken away the moneyes of James Walker of 
Hamblton, being then in Scotland with an intention to buy 
beasts (being a drover); and, finding the informant alltogether 
averse to his desiers, he further moved him to goe with him into 
Northumberland, and lye in waite on Rimside Moore for William 
Warren, Esq. or John Gierke, gent., who were to pass that way, 
with a considerable summ of moneyes belonging to the right 
lioiibie William Lord Grey, Barron of Werke, to Newcastle-upon 
Tyne, with intention to have murthered them, telling the inform- 
ant, and shewing him a dagger, with an ivory haft, that he intended 
to ride up with the aforesaid William Warren and John Gierke, 
or either of them, with which dagger he would stabb one of them, 
and give a signe by a himm or cough to the rest of his partners to doe 
the like to those that were in the company; and, haveing done 
that, to take away the money and horses belonging to the officers 
of the said Lord Grey, and to pistoll the horses of the said William 
Warren and partners, and to have then fled for either Ireland or 
Holland; and he told him that he thought that Gonyers would 
goe along with them, and that Thomas Bayley, then liveing in 
Scotland^ would be one of his assistants. 

Sir John was buried in Hardger Church, with a most gorgeous ceremonial, Samuel 
Drake, vicar of Pontefract, preaching the funeral sermon. He was also Sir John's 
chaplain whilst he was high sheriff, and printec! the discourse which he delivered in 
York I have a copy of it. The title runs as follows : " Totum Hominis, or the Deca- 
logue in three words: viz., Justice, Mercy, and Humility. Being a Sermon upon 
Micah 6th, vers. 8th. Preached in the Cathedral of St. Peter's, York, upon Monday 
the 15th day of March, 1668-9, before the Right Honourable Baron Turner and Baron 
Rainsford, the Right Worshipful Sir Jo. Armitage, Bart., being then high sheriff of 
Yorkshire'. By Samuel Drake, D.D. Vicar of Pontefract, and sometime Fellow of 
St. John'sColl. Camb. London, 1670." 4to. pp. 27. Dedicated to the Lady Mar- 
garet Armitage, of whom the writer says, " Residing at London, you have the glory 
of art and nature in your eye; but the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit in God's 
sight is of greater price." 

Ellis pleaded guilty at the assizes, and was bound over to keep the peace. 



July 6, 1669. Drighilnton. Robert Hollins.* Barkisland. 
John Fletcher. Erringden. James Barrett. Rishicorth. Henry 
Dyson and Mary his wife, Mary Earnshaw. {Vadstcorth. Edmond 
Turner. Pudsey. Thomas Rainde. Midgelerj. Abraham Helli- 
well. Wareleg. John and Michael Bentley. Greatland. Timothy 
Hoyle, Martha Crosley, spinster. Langjield. John Whally. 
Ilarsliead. Sarah Denholme, spinster, Wm. Denholme, Mary 
Denholme, spinster, Henry Reyner. Cleckheaton. Wm. Pearson, 
James Greave. Fixhy. Mary Appleyard, spinster. Idle. George 
Booth and Eliz. his wife, Ephraim Sandall and his wife, Alice 
Woother, spinster, Francis Drake and his wife. Ilallifax. Tho- 
mas Holmes, Wm. Rigby, Mary Rigby, spinster. Calverley. 
Hugh Jackson. Stainland. Eliz. Helliwell, spinster, Jolm 
Wormall, John Copley. North Byreley. John Verity. Heck- 
mondwicke. John Mallinson. Northowram. Thomas Pollard. 
Tonge. Grace Kitchin, spinster. Ilorton. Thomas Clough, John 
Peghells. Thornton. Edward Halley. Heaton cum Clayton, 

James Bradley, Jowett, widow. Iloyland. John Firth. 

Bradford. James Marshall, James Bond, Moses Sykes, Matthew 
Wright, Wm. Dawson and Mary his wife. Wilsden. Jonas 
Bothomley, Jonas Willraan. Hipperholme. John Hodgson, 
Uaioorth. Chr. Jonas, and Joseph Smith, Wm. Clayton, jun. 
John Pighells, John Tayler, Jonas Turner, Nathan Heaton. 

Hepworth par. Crofton. Ralph Champney, John Walker, Eliz, 
Champney, spinster, Joseph Warde, Margaret Bealley, spinster, 
Warmfeild cum Heath. Eliz. Barker, widow, Alice Cautheran, 
widow. Shitlington. Eliz. Clegge, spinster. Ossett. Widow 
Passeley, Thomas Passeley, Eliz. and Grace Passeley, spinsters. 
Horhury. John Issott, sen. and jun., Sarah I ssott, spinster, Jephat 
Issott, Margaret Healde, spinster. 

Pattrington. Patrick Gibson and Eliz, his wife, Geo. Simpson 
and his wife, Francis Thornlcy, Eliz. Tornholne, widow. Burst- 
wicke. Leonard Metcalfe and his wife, Ralph Kyrton and Kathe- 
rine his wife, Philip Headon and Anne his wife, George Cron- 
furth and Mary his Avifc, Mark Baxter and Mary his wife, llalmm. 
Robert Owst and Anne his wife, Henry Sled, Anthony Audas, 
Isabel Owst, spinster, Francis Thornley, John Dynnis and Alice 
his wife, Eliz. Norton, widow. Watton. Mary Suddaby, spinster, 

* Another list of persons who had been absent from church for a month or upwards. 
It will be found that most of them were Roman Catholics. 


Richard Purslove and Sarah his wife. JJriJield. Silvester Simp- 
son, James Blackburne, Thos. Pearson, Robert Etherington. A^a- 
born. Wm. Palmes, gen., and Mary his wife, Win. Boyes, Miuy 
Todd, spinster, Richard Leng, mihier, and Mary his wife, Tliomas 
Ryeley and Ellen his wife, 1 lenry Granger, George Browne, Joan 
wife of George Foster, Rlary Bovill, spinster. Dimnington. Robert 
Hargrave and Jane his wife, Richard Marshall, John Harrison, 
Michael Tayler. South Duffeild. Thomas Bollen. Bradfeild. Wm. 
Downer, Henry Charlesworth, John Woodhouse, Ralph Saiinder- 
son, Hellen Simster, spinster, John Saunderson and his wife, 
Richard Bovill, John Brittlebancke, Thomas Revill, Sarah Web- 
ster, spinster, Greaves, widow. 

Clapham. Chr. Squire and Eliz. his wife, Chr. Foster. Sed- 
bergh. Francis Blenckarne, Wm. Ferry, Edward Trott, John 
Grysdale, Francis Blackling, Richard Speight, John Blackling, 
John Holme, lliitton Pannell. Margaret Purdue, spinster, Doro- 
thy Fletcher, spinster, John Borges and Alice his wife. Ingleton. 
Thomas Baines and Isabel his wife, Geoflfrey Leake, Thomas 
Leake and Eliz. his wife, Anthony Leake and Agnes his wife, 
Faith Calvert, spinster, Richard Beesley, and Agnes his wife, 
John Tayler and Eliz. his wife, Clement Stevenson. Horton. Mat- 
thew Wyldeman and Mary his wife, John Moore, John Bentham. 
Bentham. Wm. Ellershow, Wm. Gibson, James Parker, George 
Bland, James Balderston, Wm. Redmaine. Wintersett. Wm. 
Champney, sen. and jun., gen., Anne and Eliz. Champney, spin- 
sters, Edmond Schoro, Thomas Schoroe, Mary Schoroe, spinster, 
John Brownnilay, Matthew Baminont, Dorothy Baminont, spin- 
ster. BrearUy. George Holgate and Anne his wile, Robert Holgate, 
Anne and Mary Holgate, spinsters. Havercroft. John Clarkeson, 
Frances and Katharine Clarkeson, spinsters. Cudworth. Richard 
Whittie, Alice Stamadin, spinster. Castleford. Frances Rasin, 
widow, Wm.Beckwith, gen. Kirke Sineaton. George Holgate, gen. 
Houghton. John Huntres and Mary his wife, Wm. Bilcliffe and 
Mary his wife, Richard Bilcliffe and Mary his wife, Anne wife of 
Thomas Hill. Featherston. George Hippon, gen., John Hippon, 
Anne Corkar, Alice Hippon, and Bridget Scholey, spinsters, 
Oliver Freeman and Dina his wife, John Darley and Mary his 
wife. Campsall. Francis Middleton, gen., Thomas Watterton, 
Robert Abbey, Thomas Cooke. Preston. Philip Hamerton, Esq. 
John Hamerton, Esq., Philip Hamerton, jun. gen. and his wife, 
Francis Womesley, Anne and Eliz. Womesley, Isabel Wylding 
and Alice Walbancke, spinsters. Newshohne. Chr. Batty, Mary 
Tatham. Waddington cum Bradforth. John Boardman, Marga- 
ret wife of John Mentis, Isabel Parker, spinster. Rimington, 


Tliomas Driver. Mitton mm Bashcdl. Thomas Singleton. Bams- 
ley. Thomas Dearlovc, gen. and Anne his wife. Stratforth. Tlio- 
mas Buhner, Thomas ]\Iilbornc, Thomas Snaith. Boioes. Henry 
Wenington and Alice his wife, James Raine, yeoman, and Jane 
his wife, Mary Richardson, spinster, Hannah Richardson. Mar- 
wicke. ^^9l^\i Dent and Isabel his wife, Robert Dent and Anne 
his wife, Ursula Croft, spinster, Robert IMaultus and Mary his 
wife, Wm. Dent, Charles Wyllis, Wm. Orton and Isabel his wife, 
John Key and Isabel his wife. Muker. Edward and Joseph Milner 
Wm. Garth, Symon Milner, John Harker, James ]\Iilner. Reath. 
John, George, and Wm. Kearton. Scan/ill. Christian Barnes, Eliz 
wife of John Whittell. Barningham. Anthony Metcalfe and Eliz 
his wife, Anne Apleby, spinster, Margaret wife of George Barsley. 
Hinderthirmte. Eliz. Allenson, spinster. Marske. Frances Hutton, 
wido\v^ _ ArkengartlHlale. John Barningham and Hannah his 
wife, Brian Peacocke and Anne his wife, James Peacocke and 
Anne his wife, Chr. Barringham and Anne his wife, John Hird 
and Margaret his wife, Ralph Peacocke, John Colling, Richard 
Hird, John Cowlin, James Crathorne, Vincent Peacocke and 
Ehz. his wife, John Raw. Lartinqton. Francis Wrightson 
Robert Parkin and Anne his wife, Chr. Goodson, Georo-c Rayne! 
Charles Ray and Ellinor his wifb, Chr. Heslop and Dorothy his 
wife, John Wrightson, Robert Bolron, I\Iichaell Wrightson, Chr 
Key, Ralph Key. CotJierston. John Walker, John Longerwood, 
J ohn Bowson, Henry Bowson, Margaret Bowson, spinster, George 
Wilson, Jane Wilson, spinster, Andrew and George Appleby, 
Matthew Hutchinson. n j s 

G^am^m^/. Thoinas Constable, gcu., Anne Constable, spinster, 
Magdaen wife of George Hodgshon, Anne wife of JMarmaduke 
Catterill In-ancis Cowlman. Sprotlay. Nicholas Pearson and 
Bridget his wife, Richard Sharpe and Mary his wifb, James Bain- 
ton and Jane his wife, John Pearson, Dorothy Bainton, spinster, 
Wm. Young and Mary his wife, Edward and Thomas Youno- 
Margaret Young, ]\Jargaret Gedney, Ellen and Margaret Gedney 
spmsters Flinton. John Ellis, John Isaack, Joseph Thomsonl 
Sicnne. Thomas Dalton, gen., Thomas Nodar, Ellen wife of John 
Linsley, Anne Dixon and Prudence Wilson, spinsters, Wm. Hay, 
Thomas 1 mder. Jennet Lidfurth, spinster, Margaret Tislay, Anne 
wife of Mannaduke Catterill, George Hodshon. ^ Danthorpe. John 
Thorpe and Jane his wifb. IJvmbleton. John Shearson and 
Franceses wife Anne wife of Peter Binckes. (Jarton cum Grim- 
ston. Robeit Acklam, Ellen Acklani, widow, John Estropp and 
Ellen his wife. /.£;%. Anne Moody, spinster. BiUon. Francis 
Burton, Henry Wells, Robert Hull and Eliz. his wife. Fittling 


Michael Morton and Katlierine his wife. Rouse. Ralph Wester- 
dale and Constance his wife, Wni. Mercer and his wife, Matthew 

Moore, Thomas Tindall, John Spencer, Francis Smith, Bil- 

laney, widow, Jane Harland, spinster, Wm. Morrill, Ruth Har- 
land, spinster, 

Killinghall. John Wardman, Alice and Eliz. Wardman, John 
Handlesworth. Stainley cum Caton. Henry Swaile and his Avife, 
Michael Mawde and his wife. Knareshrowjh. Thomas Jefferson 
and Anne his wife, Mary wife of John Candle, Katherine 
Wheelas. Buvrowhridge. James Homerton and his wife, Francis 

Calvert and his wife, Smithson, Loupe, Thorpe, 

gen. and his wife, wife of Francis Wilkinson. Farnham» 

Wincopp, gen., Barbarah Bickerdyke, widow, Ellen Win- 

copp, Eliz. and Jane Lascells, spinsters. Beckwith. Margaret 
Thomson, Edward Thomson and his wife, Ralph Reynolds. 
Harrigate. John Fawcett and his wife, Wm. Dobson, Robert 
Yong and his wife, Thomas Squire and his wife, Thomas Grim- 
ston and his wife. Shriven. Francis Hill. Steanbecke doione. 
George Smith, Thomas Spence and Cecily his wife, Joan Butler, 
Richard Gill, Richard Raynard and Joan his wife, Helen Ray- 
nard, Francis Gill, Francis Shaw and Anne his wife, Anne 
Thackwray, Robert, Wm.,and Anne Grange, Mary Bell, Francis 

Baine. , George Norman, Jane Norman, Debora Baker. 

Larton. John Baxter and Eliz. his wife. Rodife. Isabel 
Warde, Marmaduke Grange, Anne Yonge, Eliz. Fawcett, John 
Yong, Wm. Treese and Jane his wife, Judith Treese, John 
Yong and Mary his wife. Steanbecke. John Tulley and Eliz. 
his wife, Thomas Beckwith, gen., Julian Beckwith, Margaret 
Bayne. Scotton. George Watkinson and Anne his wife, Thomas 
Watkinson, Sarah Burrow, spinster, Peter Blakey and Eliz. 
his wife. Azerleij. Alice Duffeild, Charles DufFeild, Chr. Ne- 
therwood, Henry DufFeild and Margaret his wife, Katherine 
Rounthwaite, widow, George Rounthwaite, Chr. Coates and 
Eliz. his wife. Burton Leonard. Francis DufFeild and Jane 
his wife, Ninian Morris. Ilealey cum Sutton. Anthony Wade 
and Jane his wife, Dorothy Jackson, widow. Fearby. John 
Ryeley, Isabel and Mary Ryeley, Eliz. Bowes. Ellington, 

Thomas Haytou, Blackburne, widow. Illon cum Pott. 

Robert Warde, John Warde, Anne and Jane Warde, spinsters, 
Humphrey Baine and Susanna his wife, Richard King and 
Dorothy his wife. Richard Hanley. Burton super Yore. Marma- 
duke Beckwith and Eliz. his wife, Wm. Beckwith. Rookwith, 
Thu7me, and Clifton. John Wray and Eliz. his wife, Eliz Wray, 
spinster. Bedall, Anthony Metcalfe, gen, and his wife, Timothy 


Wainc, Ralph Grange and Susan liis wifb, Chr, Lodge and 
Dorothy his wife, Antliony Lodge, Frances Fetch, spinster, 
Thomas Lodge, Jane Fetch, spinster, RLatthew Engleton and 
Ellen his wife, Eliz. Wilson, widow, George Fearson and Marga- 
ret his wife, Wm. Lodge and Hannah his wife, Anne Dodsworth, 
widow. Thornton. Anne Williamson. Tunstall. Thomas Bain- 
brige and Ellen his wife. Morton-flatt. Robert Bulmer. Pat- 
tericke mm Bnnnpton. Thomas Whitton and Katherine his wife, 
Alice Gierke, spinster. Burgh. Sir John Lawson, kt. and bt., 
Wm. Edisforth and his wife, Richard Haw and Anne his wife, 

Wickett, widow, Wm, Snell and his wife. Coulbuine. 

James Fawcett, Eliz. Fawcett, spinster, James Hard and Anne 
his wife, Margaret Hard and Jane Spence, Wm. Bulmer and 
Anne his wife, Francis Corby, Thomas Corby and Grace his wife, 
John Fawcitt. 

Burley. John Lewby. Menston. Miles Franckland and Agnes 
his wife. Alwoodleyes. Jane wife of Wm. Smith. Baildon. 
John FoAvler. Poole. John Sparrow. Otley. Anthony West 
and Mary his wife. Farmanbu. Daniel Hayes and Eliz. liis wife. 
Thornton. Robert Rogerson and Katharine his wife, Thomas 

Pickering. Stephen Keddey and Katherine his wife, Dorothy 
Bell, spinster, John Keddy, Roger Chapman, Thomas Chapman, 
Richard Chapman, Mary Chapman and Alice Coultman, spin- 
sters, Ellinor wife of Thomas Derixon, Eliz. wife of Francis 
Ellerton, Wm. Coulam, Robert King and Frances his wife, James 
Jackson and Anne his wife, John Jackson, Isabel Robinson, Eliz. 
Newtrice, widow, Anne Fennocke, widow, Richard Dobson and 
Mary his wife, John Cowlam and Anne his wife, Jane Campion, 
Thomas Collin and Margery his wife, Richard Barnard and Anne 
his wife, Nicholas Pilmoore and his wife, Robert ILilliday and 
his wife, Anne Dring, widow. 

Kirhy Hill. John Harrison, Feter Harrison and Margery his 
wife, Jane Pinking, spinster, George Finking and Jane his wife, 
Laton. Marmaduke Wilson and Katherine his wife, John Wise- 
man and Margaret his wife, Anne Stubbs, spinster, Robert Leath, 
Anthony Fearson and Jane his wife, James Hutchinson and Mary 
his wife, Anthony Foster and Jane his wife, Dorothy Wilkin. 
Forcett. Robert Shutt and INlary his wife, Anne Borrick, Mary 
Tindall, Mary Fennc. Laton. Eliz. Wilkinson, widow, Wm. 
Pearson and Bridget his wife, Mary Berry, Faith Cornfurth, 
John Berry and Eliz. his wife, Thomas Leatch and his wife, 
Robert Richardson and Bridget his wife, John Hurstt and Mary 
his wife, Mary Ncesham, Anno Thomson, Mary Johnson, widow. 


John Harrison and Anne his wife. Barford. Michael Piulsey, 
gen. and Jane his wife, Galfrid Appleby and Mary his wife, 
Richard Clifton and his wife, John Berry and his wife, Thomas 
Dodsworth and Kathcrine his wile, Eliz. Parkin. Ooiugton. 
Francis Tunstall, gen. and Anne his Avile, Marmaduke Appleby, 
Eliz. Hodgshon, Mary Todd, Rowland Lowish and Jane his 
wife, Eliz. Wray, Dorothy Somersides, Mary Hodgshon, John 
Hodgshon and Seth his wife, Dorothy Parker. Newsham. Wm. 
Smithson, John Smithson and Julian his wife, George Smith and 
Ellinor his wife, Anne Johnson, Robert Smithson and Grace his 
wife, Grace wife of James Frest, Ellen wife of Thomas Brignall. 
Gilling. Bryan Corby and Mary his wife, Francis Simpson and 
Frances his wife, Eliz. wife of John Wallis, Eliz. Thomson, 
Philip Smailes and Isabel his wife, Mary Smailes, Richard Butter- 
feild and Grace his wife, Alice Butterfeild. Dalton. Roger 
Mennell, Esq. and Mary his wife, Chr. Wade and Isabel his wife, 
Robert Ayleman and Eliz. his wife, Francis Scaife and Isabel 
his wife, Wm. Menell and Eliz. his wife, Eliz. Messenger. Cald- 
well. Wm. Stocktell and Anne his wife, Ellinor Stocktell, Frances 
wife of James Gregory, Eliz. Gregory, widow, Alice Gregory, 
spinster. Melsonhy. John Boolmer and Jane his wife, Robert 
Pearson and Isabel his wife, Thomas Pearson, Nicholas Stubbs 
and Margaret his wife, John Thomson and Eliz. his wife, Mary 
wife of Richard Watson, Anne Gierke, widow. Sutton super 
Dericent. John Yorke, Peter Laycocke. Thornton. Edward 
Gower, Hester and John Frame, John Day, taylor, Symon 
Scroope, Esq. and Mary his wife, Bridget Scroope, James Thorn- 
ton, Tristram Driffeild, Anthony Appleby, Symon Staveley, 
Mary Singleton, Katherine Bickerdike, John Petch, Henry At- 
kinson and Anne his wife, Thomas Chambers, Chr. Dent and 
Philippa his wife, Ralph Morland and Barbara his wife, John 
Skelton and Frances his wife, George Carter and Dorothy his 
wife, Diana Atkinson. Bellerhy. John Wetherill and Mary his 
wife, Ralph Aulle and his wife. Coverliatn cum Oglethorpe, 
John Smithson, Anthony Bradrake, Wm. Coates and his wife. 
Hunton. Ellen Theakston, Jane Wylde, Clir. Askew and his wife, 
John Dent and his wife, Cuthbert Bankes and his wife, Chr. 
Hawkins, Eliz. Theakston. Holme. Wm. Franckland, gen. and 
Eliz. his wife, James Alcocke and Anne his wife. 



July 24, 1669. WiUiant Warde, of Beverley, ale-Jioiise-keeper, 
saitli, that Thomas Fisher,* labourer, and others, being att his 
house and discoursing concerning the murther of Elizabeth 
Wright, and that the said Fisher was suspected to have mur- 
therd her, and likewise that itt was beleived hee would be forcd 
to touch her body; the said Fisher said, if hee were forcd to 
goe to touch her body hee would have other two or three persons 
to doe the like. 


Aug. 4, 1669. Before Kalph Jenison, Mayor of Newcastle, 
Cuthbert Nicholson, cordyner,-\ saith, that upon Sunday last, about 

* A murder at Beverley. The victim was a woman who had been Fisher's para- 
mour. Many suspicious circumstances were brought forward against him — he had 
been seen witli the woman — lie had been heard to threaten her — it was evidently to 
his interest to get her out of the way. He was convicted and executed at York. 

The custom of obliging the supposed murderer to touch the body is alluded to. It 
was commonly believed that blood would flow from the corpse when this was done, 
and this was considered to be a proof of guilt. Several remarkable instances of this 
have been printed and commented upon, but people quite forget that this flow of blood 
is easily to be accounted for by natural causes. Webster, in his Discovery of Supposed 
Witchcraft, alludes to this subject, and overthrows the popular superstition. 

f A deposition which throws a good deal of light upon the early history of the Non- 
conformists in Newcastle. They were a very numerous and influential body. I have 
found but few indictments against these people at York, and it is probable enough that 
many of them were tried at the sessions. The following deposition relates to an arrest 
of another party of Dissenters in Newcastle in another place, and at a little earlier 

"July 22, 1669. Before Ralj^h Jenison, Mayor of Ncwcastle-on-Tyne. Cuthbert 
Nicholson, cordw.ainer, saith, that, upon Sunday last, there was assembled at the 
house of Wm. Dcwrant's, in Pilgraham streete, a great multitude of people, consisting 
to the number of 150 persons or there aboutes, under the pretence of religious worship 
and service, for he heard them sing psalmcs. And, after singing was done, he did see 
and heare the said Wm. Dewrant pray amongst the said people. And Robert Fryzer, 
one of the cerjeants-att-macc, being with the churchwardens of the same parish, did in 
the name of Mr. ISIayor discharge them there unhnvfull assembly, and, upon that, they 
dispersed themselves. Amongst whom was Geo. Thursby, draper, and his wife, John 
Tompson, draper, I;yonell Blagdon, merchant, Wm. Dent, merchant, Suzann Bonner, 
widdow, Charles Newton, gentleman, Thomas Smith, barber-chyrurgion, etc. etc." 

" Mr. Durant, brother to John Durant, of Canterbury. He married the sister of 
Sir James Clavering, Bart." (MS. Memoir of Alderman Barnes.) He died in 1681, 
and his tombstone which was found under a staircase in one of Sir Walter Blackett's 
stables in Pilgrim Street, is preserved in the chapel of the Unitarians, who claim him 
as the founder of their congregation, originally Trinitarians. The only ground of such 



five or six of the clock in the morneing, he did see a great nomber 
of people goe inn to the ho wse of Mr. Richard Gilpyn, minister, in 
the White Freers,* and, afterward, he went to parson Jo'^ Shaw,t 
and acquainted him with the premisses. Whereupon the said 
Mr. Shaw, togeither with the churchwardens, constables, and 
serjeants-att-mace, by the comaund of Mr. Maior, did repaire to 
the said Richard Gilpin's howse. And wlien they came there all 
the dores were shutt and made fast. And after the dorcs were 
broken open he did see these severall persons come out, viz. 
Robert Johnson, merchant. Dr. Tunstall,| Wm. Cutter, James 
Hargraves, merchant, Wm. Hutchinson, Geo. Headlyn, fitter, 
Charles Newton, gent., Humphrey Gill, gent., Jno. Bittleston, 
tanner, Matthew Soulsbey, roper, Michaell Jobling, pullymaker, 
Robert Finley, chapman, and diverse other persons to the nomber 
of fortie. 

The information of Cuthbert Nicholas, cordwainer, against the 
persons hereunder named for being att meetings and con- 
vinticles : 

an opinion seems to be the probability that on Dui-ant's death the congregation of 
Gilpin, their undonbted pastor, received the deceased's friends into their flock. Du- 
rant had formerly officiated in All Saints Church. W.H.D.L. 

* It is remarkable that, in 1728, Mr. Gilpin's congregation purchased property in 
the White Friars, and erected the Hanover Street chapel. They had previously 
assembled outside the Close Gate. The deposition points to an earlier locality before 
their worship was tolerated. 

" Mr. Richard Gilpin claimed to be of Bernard Gilpin's line, and had his scutcheon 
pinned at his coffin.'' (Memoir of Barnes.) Something about his family may be seen 
in Nicolson and Burn's History of Cumberland, under Scaleby, and of himself in 
Calamy. He was ancestor of Wm. Gilpin, the author of many delightful works on 
picturesque beauty. After he had surrendered the rectory of Greystock he practised 
medicine at Newcastle. " Doctor Gilpin, having outlived all the ministers of his own 
age and time, many his superiors and most of them his equals, became the leading 
man of these Northern parts, and was by some styled the worst of the best, and the best 
of the worst sort of ministers." (Memoir of Barnes.) He died in 1700. W. H. D. L. 
There is a quarto sermon of Gilpin's in print, which he published when he was at 

•f John Sha.w was lecturer at St. John's and rector of Whalton, He was the author 
of two controversial works which were published at the expense of the corporation of 
Newcastle, i. e. Origo Protestantiura, or an answer to a Popish Manuscript, 4to. 1677, 
and, No Reformation of the Established Reformation, 1685. 

X Dr. George Tunstall, a Yorkshire gentlewoman by birth, was town's physician at 
Newcastle. Dr. Tunstall was bold enough to rush into the Scarborough Spaw contro- 
versy, and to break a lance with the belligerent Dr. Witty. He began the onset with 
" Scarbrough Spaw spagyrically anatomized. By Geo. Tonstall, doctor of physick. 
London. 1670.'' This provoked a rejoinder from Witty, to which Tunstall replied 
with " A New Year's Gift for Dr. Witty ; or the Dissector Anatomized. London. 
1672." Witty called his antagonist a mountebank, and the compliment was fully 
returned. The whole controversy was a most amusing one. 


Mr. Richard Gilping, Mr. William Deurant, Mr. John Pringle,* 
Mr. Henry Lever,t preachers. f 

Mr. Geo. Dawson and Kathcrine his wife, Mr. Geo. Thursby § 
and his Avife, Mr. Lyonall Blaigdon and wife, Mr. Wm. Hutch- 
inson and wife, Mr. Wm. Johnson, j\Ir. John Thompson and 
wife, Mr. James Hartgrave, Mr. Samuell Powell, Mr. Thomas 
Powell, Mr. Peter Sanderson, Edward Kirton and wife, Wm. 
Cutter and wife, Mr. Robert Johnson, Mr. Richard Baker and 
wife, Mr. Thomas Blair, George Hedlam, Robert Cay, Rich. 
Jones, Mr. Geo. Bednall, James Jackson, Wm. Wilkinson, sadler, 
Matthew Soulsby, Thomas Dawson, Robert Wilkinson, Mary 
Bainbrigg, widdow, John Greene, William Sherwood, John 
Emerson, potter, David Sherwood, John Ward, ]\Ir. Tho. Ledger, 
and wife, Michaell Jopling, George Waugh, schoolemaister, John 
Bittleston, John Shacklock, Richard Righ, Rich Readhead, Mrs. 
Thompson, John Pigg, Humphrey Gill, Mr. John Carr, Titus 
Pithey, Widdow Jefferson, Christo. Gibson, John Hornesby. 


Jan. 25, 1669-70. Before Godfrey Copley, Esq. Henry Riley, 
servant to Nalhmiiel Redding of Scmtoft, in the county of Lincoln, 
Esq.,\\ saith, that, on Friday last being the 21st, about ten a'clock 

* " Dr. Pringle, another physician and pastor for some time of a congregation there, 
who married a choice good woman, with whom he got a very great fortune." (Memoir 
of Barnes.) He died in or before 1693. 

"f- Ejected from St. John's, Newcastle ; buried at All Saints in 1673. 

J In 1663 Bishop Cosin wrote to the Mayor of Newcastle, telling him to look 
sharply after *' the caterpillars," naming as the ringleaders " William Durant, Henry 
Leaver, Richard Gilpin, and John Pringle." (Bourne's Newcastle.) 

§ Brother of Ralph Thoresby, the antiquary. It is singular that Mr. Ambrose 
Barnes's name does not occur in this list. 

II An account of one of the many scenes of violence that were witnessed on Hatfield 
chase during the drainage of the levels. I have already stated how unpopular that 
seheme was, and to what insults and perils the foreign settlers were exposed. 

In 1655 Nathaniel Reading was sent from London to collect the rents which had 
been granted to the Duchess of Buckingham, and to keep down the opponents of the 
Dutch drainers. He was a man of immense energy and daring, but in Yorkshire he 
met with difficulties that would liavc overwhelmed any ordinary person. He fought, 
as ho says, as many as thirty-one pitched battles, some of his men being killed, and 
many maimed or wounded. I have already given a deposition which describes an at- 
tack that was made on the house of Mr. Van Valkonburgh. The following notices 
relate to the same subject. 

" Nov. 3, 1649. Richard Lee, of Bensley, co. Hants, &c. indicted for entering the 
house of Sir Gabriel Vemat, at Hatfield, called Nortoft, and detaining it. 

"1657. Indictment against Mark Van Volkenburgh, of Hatfield, Esq., Walter 


in the morning-, he saw Mr. Edward Canby, Richard Starkcy, 
Cornelius Prole, Humphrey Tonge, John More, Mark Matthews, 
Eichard Carlisle, Abraham Bar . . ., Francis Wood, Richard Read, 
Benjamin Guy, and Jacob Lecon . . ., of the parish of Hatfield, and 
other persons, to the number of lifty, as he believes, armed with 
swords, pistoUs, gunns, and other armes, come to Santoft afore- 
said, where the said persons did assault, shoot, and wound the 
said Mr. Redding, without any provocation on his part, or any 
servant of his, for that the said Mr. Redding, in the hearing of 
this informant, had severall times commanded his servants that 
that they should not resist or provoke any of the said persons. 
And the said persons did violently assault, beat, and wound 
Robert Wiburn, in so much that he lost much blood, which this 
informant seeing, and being afraid of himself, he ran away. He 
further saith that his said master sending the last night Thomas 
Coupland to Roger Portington,* of Barn by Dun, Esq., who was 

Wray, Esq., George Gibbon, gen., George Wood, gen., and many others, of the same 
place, for taking two mares from James Pinckson at Hatfield. 

" March 1657-8. Indictment against Nathaniel Reading, of Hatfield, Esq., Jacob de 
Can, gen,, and others, for a riot. 

*' Sept. 1660. John Popplewell, of Belton, co. Lincoln, labourer, and 23 others, 
indicted for killing John Pattricke. 

" March, 1660-1. A bill against Natli'. Reading and three others for stealing a 
horse from Daniel Duverley, ignored. 

" March, 1660-1. Mark Van Volkenburgh and 28 othei-a indicted for taking three 
horses from Robert Maignon, James Poulson, and Andrew Waterloe. 

" July, 1661. Richard Maw and 28 others, to keep the peace, for a riot at Thome. 

" March 16, 1671-2. Before Sir Henry Thompson, Lord Mayor of York, Nathaniel 
Reading, of London, Esq., sayth that, upon the 21th of Jan. 1669, Humfrey Tonge, 
of Hatfield, laborer, came to his house, and there, without any provocaccion given to 
him, did shoot this informant into the leggs (haveing before threatned to come to his 
house and put a brace of bulletts in his belly), and did break open his stable dore and 
steale one or two bridles, and he stroke one Robert Wayborne, servant to this informer, 
on the head and felld him to the ground. 

" March 11, 1672-3. Nathaniel Reading, and others, indicted for a riot, and for 
driving away the cattle of Robert Martison, Richard Read, Francis Rooke. 

" 5 Feb. 1680-1. Nath. Reading, Esq., says, that, having on 27 Jan., in virtue of 
an order of the House of Lords, made a distress of several horses belonging to Henry 
Moore and brought them to Santoft, the said Henry, and others with him, came and 
used violent language and threatened to shoot him, of which he is much afraid. 

A long and most interesting account of Reading is to be found in the History of 
South Yorkshire. In early life he had thrown up his law books and wandered to 
Naples, where he allied himself to Massaniello, and only won his life by the eloquence 
with which he begged for mercy. In 1679 he was counsel to the Roman Catholic 
lords, and was charged with tampering with the witnesses on the other side. For this 
he was put in the pillory, fined 1,000^., and imprisoned for a year. After this he re- 
turned to Lincolnshire and was subjected to the same persecutions with which he had 
formerly been annoyed. In 1696 his house was barricaded and set on fire, and the 
inmates made their escape with very great difficulty. He died about 1712, broken 
down with poverty and age. 

* The Portingtons of Baruby Dun were favourers of the insurgents. 


the next justice of peace, with a letter that he would please to 
come to suppress the rioters, the said Coupland returned this day 
from Mr. Portington wounded in four severall places of his head, 
and so beaten of his amies and bodic as he was not able to come to 
make his own complaint, and he told this informant that the said 
Humphrey Tonge .... to Mr. John Bradburne had done it, and 
did pursue him a mile and a half from the high way before he 
overtook him ; and further saith he heard some of the said persons 
say, they neither cared for the Duke, nor for those commissioned 
by him, for as they light on them they would knock them in the 


Feb. 3, 1669-70. Before Godfrey Copley, Esq. John Walker, 
of Sikehouse, yeoman, sayeth, that, at this informant's owne house 
in Sykehouse, John Browne,* reading his ]\Ia*^ speech to both 
houses of Parliament, dated the 18th of Januarie, 1666, wherein 
his Ma^'«^ sayeth that "the nation had never lesse cause to com- 
plaine of greivances, or the least injustice or oppression, then in 
these seaven yeares it hath pleased God to restore me to you," 
that, upon readinge those wordes the said Browne did say the 
King was the veriest rogue that ever reigned; and, as for the 
the Stewards, one of them formerly runne away into another 
land, and gott to be steward to some great man there, and soe 
changed tlieire name to bee Stewart. 


Apr. 1, 1670. Before Fr. Driffield, Esq. Anne Mattson saith, 
that yesterday, Mary Earneley, daughter of Mr. John Earnley, 
of Alne, fell into a very sicke fitt,t in which shoe continued a 
longe time, sometimes cryinge out that Wilkinson wyfc prickt 
her with pins, clappinge her hands upon her thighs, intimatinge, 
as this informant thinketh, that slice pricked her thighes. And 
other times shoe cryed out, " 'i'hat is slice," and said Wilkinson's 

* An old soldier who had been in sonic trouble for clipping money. lie made use 
of sonic other words not complimentary to Royalty. He was acquitted at the assizes, 
and was bound over in his recognizances to keep the peace. Sir I'hilip Monckton, 
then High Sheriff" of Yorkshire, was one of his bondsmen. The accused person had 
jirobably been a soldier under hiui. 

t An old woman is chargeil with witchcraft, but was acfiuitted at the assizes. 


wyfe ran a spitt into her. Whereupon Mr. Earnley sent for 
Anne Wilkinson, widdow; and, when as the said Wilkinson 
came into the parlour where the said Mary Earnley lay, the said 
Mary Earnley shooted out, and cried, " Burnc her, burne her, shee 
tormented two of my sisters." Shee saith further that two sisters 
of the said Mary Earnleye's dyed since Candlemasse last, and one 
of them upon the 19th of March last dyed, and, a little before her 
death, there was taken out her mouth a blacke ribbond with a 
crooked pinne at the end of it. 

George Wrightson, of Alne, saith, that yesterday Mary dau. of 
John Earnley, gent, fell into a violent and sicke fitt, and con- 
tinued therein one houre and more, all that time crying out in a 
most sad and lamentable manner that Anne Wilkinson was 
cruelly prickinge and tormentinge her with pins, as the said 
Anne was sittinge by her owne fire upon a little chaire ; and pre- 
sently Mrs. Earnley sent this informant to the said Anne Wilkin- 
son's house, whoe brought word shee was then sittinge by the fire 
upon a little chaire when he suddenly came into her house. 

Anne Wilkinson, of Alne, widdow, saith that shee never did 
Mr. Earnley, nor any that belonged him, any harme, nor would 
shee doe; and, as for the bcAvitchinge of any of his children, shee 
is sacklesse. 

Margarett, urife of Richard Wilson, sayth, that, in her former 
husband John Akers' lifetime, she once lost out of her purse 505. 
all but three halfe pence; and, shortly after, there hapned to be a 
great wind, and, after the wind was downe, she, this ex"^, mett 
with Anne Wilkinson, who fell into a great rage, bitterly cursing 
this ex', and telling her that she had bene att a wise man, and 
had raisd this wind which had put out her eyes, and that she 
was stout now she had gott her money againe, and fell to cursing 
her againe, wishing she might never thrive, which cursing of the 
said Anne did soe trouble this ex* that she fell a weeping, and, 
coming home, told her mother what had hapned, and her mother 
bad her put her trust in God, and she hoped she could doe her noe 
harme. And the next day she churned but could gitt noe butter ; 
and, presently after, this ex* fell sicke, and soe continued for neere 
upon two yeeres, till a Scotch physitian came to Tollerton, to 
whom this ex* went, and the phisityane told her that she had 
harme done her. And she further sayth that her then said hus- 
band, John Acres, fell shortly after ill, and dy'd of a lingring 
disease, but, till then, he was very strong and healthfull. 




Apr. 4, 1670. Before Sandford Nevill and Francis White, 
Esqrs. Adam Bland, Esq.* saytli, that, on Munday the 28th 
of March, hee and one Mr. Conway and Mr. Gargrave were to- 
gether at Methley, and Mr. James Strangewayes, and one Mr. 
Willughby, came rideing by, where, seeing this ex*' in the yeard 
of one Burton, the sayd Mr. Strangewayes lighted and saluted 
this ex' in a freindly maner, but, after a little pause, Mr. Strange- 
wayes taxed the ex^^ with some words that he should speake of 
the sayd Mr. Strangewayes, which this ex' (in justice to liimselfe) 
utterly denyed ; wherupon Mr. Strangewayes seamed to bee very 
well satisfyed; and thereuppon they went into the house of the 
sayd Burton; and, about eleaven of the clocke at night, the ex* 
went with Mr. Conway into a chamber of the sayd house, to see 
him in bed, leaveing Mr. Strangewayes and Mr. Willoughby 
below in the roome where they had beene drinkeing; and, when 
this ex* came downe, Mr. Willoughby was gone out and Mr, 
Strangewayes left alone; where this ex* sat him downe by him 
in a freindly maner, and Mr. Strangewayes started upp uppon a 

sudden, and drew his sword, and swore, G d him, hee 

would kill the ex' if hee would not fight him, and with that 
made a passe at this ex', which hee avoyded by leaping backe 
till he came with his backe against a livery cupboard beeing 
against the wall at the farthest side of the roome, and then the 
sayd Mr. Strangewayes made a second passe which the ex' put 
by, and got a pri(jk in the knee with Mr. Strangewaye's sword, 
and then the sayd Mr. Strangewayes made a third violent passe 
at the ex*, which this ex' put by with his left hand; and haveing 
his sword (for his defence) poynted against Mr. Strangewayes' 
hee runn himsclfe uppon it, by which this ex* conceives hee 
received his wound. 

* Another of the quarrels that were so frequent among the country gentlemen. 
It took place, as usual, at an inn, and one of the combatants, Mr. James Strangeways, 
died on the spot. A few years before this ho had witnessed a similar scene at Picker- 
ing, of which I have given an account, but it had given him no warning. Robert 
Nun, of Methley, gen., Edward Ashton, gen., Richard Willoughby, gen., and others, 
were of the party, but their evidence was of little use, as they were not present at 
the alTray. 

Mr. Jiland was the second son of Sir Tlioiiias liland of Kippax. lie pledges him- 
self at the assizes to procure the King's pardon, and is required to do so, himself in the 
sum of 100/. and in two sureties of 50/. each, i.e. Edward Copley, of Batley, Esq. 
and Lionel Copley, Esq. jun., of Wadworth. 



July 8, 1670. Azerleij.'^ Chr. Coates and his wife, Charles 
DuffiU, Alice Duffill, Henry Duffill and his wife. MinsUj). 
Michael Wright and Ursula his wife, Mary, Peter, and Richard 
Earle, Anne Gray, and Barbara Simpson. Burton Leonard. 
Francis Driffield and Jane his wife, Ninian Morris. Grennll- 
tJiorpe. James Metcalfe, Margaret and Jane Walker, Mary At- 
kinson. Killinghall. Jennett Holdsworth, Alice, Eliz., and John 
Wardeman. Steanheck. Margaret Baino, widow, Jane, and 
Thomas Beckwith, John Tullie and Eliz. his wife, Eliz. wife of 
Richard Baine. Klint. John Kendall, John Milner, Wm. Shan 
and his wife, Wm. Thomson, John Thomson and his wife, 
Robert Bucke and his wife, Peter Shann and his wife, Thomasin 
Askwith, Robert Joy and his wife, Jane Thomson, Wm. Wlieelas 
and his wife, Francis Fish and his wife, Thomas Hardcastle, sen. 
and jun., Chr. Mautus, sen. and jun., Margaret Watson, Mary 
Hebden, Jane Steele, Anno Hopperton, John Mautus, Anne 
Gratewood, Katherin Smith. Larcon. Charles Baxter and his 
wife. Kirhy MalzarcL John Fish and Mary his wife, Katherine 
Brafill. Aldfeild cum Studly. Wm., i3eatrix, Philip, and 
Simon Maultus. Harrigate. John Fawcitt and his wife, Thomas 
Squire and his wife, Robert Yong and Anne his wife, Thomas 
Grimston and Eliz. his wife, Wm. Dobson, Mary Hogg. Bewer- 
ley. Wm. King and his wife. Arkendale. Wm. Knaresborough, 
gen., and his wife, Chr. Smith and his wife, John Jesse and 
Margaret his wife, Mary Pullen, widow, Ellen wife of John 
North. Scotton. John Watkinson and Anne his wife, Tho- 
mas Watkinson, Peter and Sarah Blakey. Fountaines earth. 
George Swainson and Eliz. his wife, Katherine Craven, Magda^ 
len Bayne, Margaret Rayner, Dorothy Scott, Margaret Horner, 
John Bridge. Knaveshorowjh. Thomas Jefferson and Anne his 
wife, Richard Casse, George Casse and his wife, Boswell Middle- 
ton and his wife, Marmaduke Inman and his wife, Daniel Dodg- 
ghon. Waitioith. Matthew Burnitt and his wife, James Wheele- 
house and Mary his wife, Thomas Harrison and Grace his wife, 
John Kendall and his wife, John Askwith and his wife, Francis 
Bucke and his wife, Francis Wheelehousc and his wife. Pannell. 
Edward Thomson and his wife, Ralph Reynald, Margaret Thom* 
son, spinster. Staveley. George Norman, Jane Norman, spinster, 

* A long list of Recusants. They are charged with being absent from church for a 
month. J cannot find that any punishment was inflicted on them. 



Eborali Bacon, Robert Fosewicke, Eliz. Fosewicke. Rocliffe. 
Isabel Warde, spinster, Anne and John Yong, Eliz. Fawcitt, 
spinster, Judith Treese, Wm. Treese and his wife, John Yong, 
sen , and his wife, Richard Robinson. Burroiohridge. Francis 
Calvert and Anne his wife, James, John, and Wm. Calvert, . 
Eliz., Anne, and Dorothy Calvert, spinsters, Eliz. Barker, spin- 
ster, John Lindley, James Hamerton and Mary his wife, Francis 
Thorpe and Jane his wife, Anne Loope and Mary Wilkinson, 
spinsters. Steanbeckdoione. Wm. Ward, sen,, Frances wife of 
Wm. Baine, Mary Bell, Michael Figott, Jane Spence, widow, 
Mary Thackwray, Anne, Robert, and Wm. Grange, Francis Gill, 
Anne Thackwray, widow, Margaret Lancaster, widow, Francis 
Shaw and Anne his wife, Alice and Richard Gill, Robert Browne, 
Anne Suttell, spinster, Ralph Suttell and Anne his wife, Thomas ; 
Spence, George and Wm. Smith. 

South Owram. Ealey, widow. Skircoate. Edward Usher- 
wood, Joseph Ushard. fowling. Chrysis Wamesley, spinster. 
Horton. Mary wife of Thomas Clough. Calverley. Hugh Jackson. 
East Witton. Francis Eventine, Dorothy Gill, Anthony Appleby , 
and Jane his wife, Dorothy Appleby, Chr. Fetch, Wm. Wolmes- 

ley and his wife, Wolmesley, Wm. Withrington, John 

Cowell, Ellen and Mary Watson, Francis Halliwell, John Shaw 
and Magdalen his wife, John Bartlett and his wife. Thoriiton 
Steicard. Simon Scroope, Esq., and Mary his wife, Bridget 
Scroope, James Thornton, Tristram Duffeild, Simon Staveley, i 
Henry Atkinson and Anne his wife, John Atkinson, Dinah At- 
kinson, Thomas Chambers, Chr. Dent and Philippa his wife, 
Ralph Morland and Barbarah his wife, John Skelton and Frances 
his wife, George Carter and Dorothy his wife, Gumpton. John 
Simpson and Jane his wife, Mary Close, John Keirton and Eliz. 
his wife. Anno wife of Marmaduke Maultus. Finghcdl. Chr. 
Cundall and Mary his wife, Jane wife of Henry Clarkeson. Bur- 
ton. Eliz. Hutchinson, widow, Eliz. Hutchinson, jun., Anne wife 
of John Milnes, Alice Dawson, widow, John Robinson and his 
wife, John Fetch, sen. and jun., and their wives, Eliz. wife of 
George Lelley, Eliz. and John Horseman, Castinia Bai'ker, 
widow. Coniescoate. John Wedrell and his wife, Mary Wedrell, 
Ralph Ansley and his wife, Dorothy Peacocke, Chr. Collinson. 
Hnnton. Chr. Aisker, Cuthbert Bankes and Cecily his wife, 
Matthew Husband and Jane his wife, elohn Dent and Mary his 
wife, John and Katharine Fenwicke, Anne wife of Elias Dods- 
worth, Clir. Hawkins, Anne Barker, widow, Eliz. wife of EdAvard 
Thcakston, Ellen, wife of John Theakston, Chr. Stanley. Arra- 
thorne. Christina wife of Marmaduke Richardson. Labo'rne. 


George "Waite and Mary his wife, James Allen and Anne Lis 
wife, John Allen and Eliz. lils wife, Robert Reynoldson and Eliz. 
his wife, Dorothy wife of James Wray, Magdalen Garison, spin- 
ster, Margaret and Eliz. Baine, Katharine Vittie, Anne Russell, 
Mary Hobson, widow, Ellen wife of George Allen, James Buck. 
Wenslej/. Eliz. Atkinson, Henry Robinson and Katherine his 
wife, Anthony and Dorothy Robinson, John Willis and Ellen 
his wife, Anne Braithricke, Anne Fishwicke, Margaret Chesney. 
Doivneholme. Wm. Franckland and Eliz. his wife, James Alcocke 
and Anne his wife, Lucy wife of Robert Wiggin. Harnhy. 
Francis Morland. Elleo'ton. Nicholas Adcock, Eliz. Morley. 
Spenithorne. Simon Jefferson and Jane his wife, Margaret 
Scurray, widow, Margery wife of Ralph Chayter, Brian Sclater 
and Eliz. his wife, Anne Thomson, widow, Jane Ingram, widow, 
Dorothy Gill, widow, John Wray. Coverham ami Ogletlwrpe. 
Margery Croft, Anne Hemesworth, John Smithson, Anthony 
Bradricke, Wm. Cowest and his wife. 

Dantlior'pe^ John Thorpe and Jane his wife. 

Aldhrough. George Mennell and Olive his wife, Anthony Met- 
calfe, gen., and Frances his wife, Edward Birckbeck,gen., Jane and 
Bridget Birckbeck, John Roome and Anne his wife, Eliz. Roome, 
spinster, Stephan Dalton and Ellen his wife, Francis Dalton, 
James, Anthony and John Scorrey, Matthew Todd and Eliz. his 
wife, Marmaduke Spence and Eliz. his wife, Mary Browne, Anne 
and Mary Bussley, Eliz. Roberts, Jane Stockton, James Seamer, 
Francis Rudd, John Rudd, Robert Walker, sen. and jun., Mar- 
garet Walker, spinster, Thomas Walker and Eliz. his wife, Mary 
Burden and Bridget Stubbs, spinsters, John Sidgeworth and 
Grace his wife, Chr. Bucke and Dorothy his wife, George and 
Anne Welbancke, Ellen Pyburne, spinster, Mary Pyburne, sen. 
and jun., Margaret Pyburne, Richard Todd and Isabel his wife, 
Henry Hudson and Mary his wife. IhigJilington. George Rigg> 
John Hardy. Pudsey. Wm. Pudsey. Eccleshill. George Smith. 
Cleckheaton. Richard Scholefeild. Boulton. Mary Jewitt. Rish- 
worth. John Bothomley. Leversedge. Martha Horsefeild. Aller- 
ton. Jonas Bothomley and his wife. Wadivorth. Edmund Turner 
Heworth. Chr. Smith, Jonas and Joseph Smith, John Pighells, 
John Tayler, Jonas Turnor. Clifton. Sarah Denholme. Oven- 
den. Thomas Law. Idle. Alice Crowther, Sampson Bawmforth. 
Hipperliolme. Thomas Tayler, Mary Pellington. Tonge. Wm. 
Goodall. North Byerley. Jane Wharter. ■ Thornton. Anne 
Todd. Rastricke. Thomas Firth, sen. Hechnondyke. Thomas 
Mercer. Heaton. James Bradley. Warley. Michael and John 
Bentley. Barkisland. Thomas Teale, Jeremiah Lang. Shelfe. 


Wm. Jackson. Midfjeley. Samuel and John Turner, Henry 
Bolles. Ealand. Martha CroiBland, spinster, Timothy Hoyle* 
Stainland. John Copley. 

West Tanfeild. Sir Wm. Tanfeild, kt., and dame Eliz. his wife, 
Eliz. Plaine, Richard Tayler, Wm. Currier. Middleton Qnarne' 

how. Vadcoe. Pickall, Mary Lumley, widow. Hallikeld. 

Edward Blackburne, Wm. Blackburne, Thomas Foster. 

Elsternivicke. Wm. Yong and Mary his wife, Edward, William 
and Thomas Yong, Margaret, Ellen and Margaret Gedney. Fitlinge. 
Michael Norton and Margaret his wife. Bilton. Francis Burton, 
Henry Wells, Robert Hall. Sjyrotley. Nicholas Pearson and 
Bridget his wife, Richard Sharpe and Mary his wife, John Pear- 
son and Rebecca his wife, Jane Baynton. Witt07i. Henry 
Brigham, Dorothy, Richard and Mary Brigham, George Farthing 
and Mary his wife. Hanibleton. John Stearson and Frances his 
wife, Anne wife of Peter Binckes. Lelley. Anne Mody. 

Ellington. Thomas Hayton and Hannah his wife, Black- 
burne, Anne and Matthew Scott. Firhy. John and Sibil Ryley, 
Eliz. Bowes, Swinton. Henry Adamson and Eliz. his wife, 
Anthony and Margaret Adamson, George Jackson and Frances 
his wife, George Jackson and Ellen his wife, John Smith, Thomas 
Smith and Sarah his wife, Wm. Smith and Alice his wife. 
Masham. Robert Lodge and Hester his wife, Jane Bridgwater, 
widow, Thomas Bridgwater. Ilton cum Pott. Humphrey Bane 
and Susanna his wife, Richard Kinge and Eliz, his wife, Robert, 
John and Thomas Warde, Richard Jackson. Burrell cum Cool- 
inge. Mary wife of Wm. Ecopp. Bedall. Ralph Grainge and 
Susan his wife, Anthony Metcalfe, gen., and Eliz. his wife, 
Timothy Wayne, Wm. Lodge and Anne his wife, Mary Binckes, 
Sarah Smeaton, Miles and Thomas Lodge, Chr. Lodge and 
Dorothy his wife, Bridgctt Stainley, Eliz. Wilson, Matthew 
Ingleton and Ellen his wife, John Ingleton, Anthony Lodge, 
George Pearson and TVIargaret his wife, Margery Tennant, Anne 
Dodsworth, Ann Bell. Rookwith and Thurne. John Wray and 
Eliz. his wife, Eliz. Wray. Tunstcdl. Thomas Bainbrige and 
Ellinor his wife. Snape cum Thoj'pe, Ralph Erington and his 
wife, Wm. May, Mary Rylead. Screwton. Robert Bulmer and 
Anne his wife, Robert Bulmer, Bartholomew Buhner, Eliz. Pal- 
lister. Brongh. Sir John Lawson, kt.. Anno Odesforth, widow, 
Richard Hall and Anne his wife, Isabel wife of Wm. Sewcll, Mary 
Wickett. Cathericke. Marmaduke Thwaites and Eliz. his wife, 
Robert Jaques, Mary Wastell, Eliz. Metcalfe, Wm. Loftous and 
Anne his wife, John Loftous. Cowhurne. James Fawcitt, John 
Fawcitt and Alice his wife, Eliz. Fawcit, Thomas Cooby and 


Grace his wife, Frances Cowby, Jane Spencc, Edward Riidd and 
Isabel his wife, John Marley and Mary his wife, John Wood and 
Eliz, his wife, Thomas Langchester and Eliz. his wife, Matthew 
and John Todd, Thomas Fawcitt, Jane Pearson, Anne Walker, 

Mary Foster, John Manfeild, John Goldsbrough, Simpson. 

Ovington. Anne Tunstall, Mark Appleby, John Huggison and 
Sith his wife, Lawrence Lowesh and Jane his wife, Mary Huggi- 
son, widow. Stanchvicke. Edward Birkbeck, Thomas Girlington, 
John Dobson and Anne his wife, Matthew Walker and his wife, 
Mary Walker, widow, Robert Walker, Robert Manfeild and his 
wife, John Manfeild. Dalton. Roger Menell and Mary his wife, 
Mary Messenger, Chr. Waide, Thomas Foster, Robert Akeman, 
Wm. Mennell and Eliz. his wife, Trinian Anderson and Eliz. his 
wife, Eliz. Messenger, Gabriel Appleby, James Kilborne and 
Eliz. his wife. Laton. Marmaduke Wilson and Katherine his 
wife, James Hutchinson and Mary his wife, Anthony Hesle and 
Jane his wife, Robert Leach, Anne Stubbes. Gilling. Brian 
Cooby and Mary his wife, Francis Sampson and Frances his wife, 
Eliz. Wallis, Philip Swailes and Isabel his wife, Richard Butter- 
feild and Grace his wife, Newsam. Wm. Smithson, John Smith- 
son and Julian his wife, George Smith and Ellinor his wife, 
Ellinor Warde, Anthony Shutt and Katharine hie wife, Grace 
Prest, Ralph Shaw and Mary his wife, Robert Smithson and 

Grace his wife, Ellinor Brignall. Caudwill. James Gregory, 

Gregory, widow, Hellen and Wm. Stockton, Frances and Grace 
Berry. Ravens ivorth. Nicholas Allen, Anthony Allen and Anne 
his wife, John Allen, George Allen and Eliz. his wife, Mark 
Allen and Anne his wife, Nicholas Cargraive and Ellen his wife, 
Anthony Coates and Mary his wife, Jane wife of John Hall, 
Margaret Anderson, John Walker, Simon Bradley, Francis Cat- 
ton and Mary his wife, Michael and Eliz. Norton. NeivsMn. 
Cuthbert Cowling and Anne his wife, Michael Wiseman, Mar- 
garet wife of Edward Cowling, Cecily Atkinson, Margaret wife 
of Wm. Gibson, Anne wife of Clement Rowne, Dorothy wife of 
John Colling, Robert Cutter and Eliz. his wife. Skeehy. Valen- 
tine Allen. Hoivton. Robert Richardson and Bridget his wife, 
John Hart and Mary his wife, Mary Nesom, Mary Johnson, John 
Harrison and Anne his wife, Eliz. Ellis, spinster, Jane wife of 
Robert Sheilds. Forcett. Robert Shutt and Mary his wife, 
Thomas Leach, John Berry and Eliz. his wife, Wm. Pearson and 
his wife, Eliz. Wilkinson, widow, Marmaduke Cornforth and 
Faith his wife. Barford. Michael Pudsey and Mary his wife, 
John Berry and Eliz. his wife, Matthew and Wm. Berry, Eliz. 
Parkins, Isabel Wetherill, widow, Gabriel Appleby, Richard 


Clifton and Anne his wife. Appleby (Epplehij). Mary Shutt. 
widow, Mary Atkinson, widow, Anne wife of Richard Shutt, 
Melsonhij. Robert Pearson and Isabel his wife, Win. Lightfoot 
and Eliz. his wife, Wm. ]\Iassam and Anne his wife. Barford, 
John Turnor and Mirrill his wife, John Thomson and Alice his 
wife, Mary Watson, Winifred Fethani, Anne Dickinson, Anne 
Clearke, Robert Ritchinson. Kirhy Hill. John Harrison, Peter 
Harrison and Margaret his wife, Eliz. Harrison, spinster, Joan 
Pinckney, George Pinckney and Jane his wife. 

Remington. Thomas Driver. Neiosholme. Chr. Batty, Mary Tat- 
ham, widow. Malham. John Beckwith. Boulton juxta Bolland. 
Thomas Fletcher, Isabel Wilding, widow, Alice Walbancke, 

Womesley, widow. Mitton. Brian Singleton and his wife. 

Waddington in Bradford. INIargaret wife of John Meautys, John 
Boardman and Isabel his wife, Brian Parker, Henry Bay ley and 
Isabel his wife, James Harrison and Margaret his wife, George 
Crumbleholme and his wife, Cecily wife of Wm. Walker. Bar- 
noldsivicke. Richard Boothman and Alice his wife, Richard filius 
ejus et Henricus frater ejus. Boicland. James, John, and Tho- 
mas Driver, Edward Heskitt, and his wife, Margaret and Eliz. 
Turner, Eliz. Hewson. Wcdton cum Bretton. Anne Watterton, 
Eliz. Browne, filia ejus. Bolland. Lawrence Copeland and his 

wife, Robert Seele and Frances his wife, Mary Broadhead, 

Watterton, Matthew Mooke. Ossett. Alice Passhley, widow, 
Thomas and Mary Passhley. Wakefeild. Edward Nettleton. 

Sugdell. Charles, Ellinor, and Anne Thimleby, Nettleton, 

widow, Robert Hemesworth, Wm. Gooderidge, Jane and Mary 
Pease, Margaret Orre. 


A true bill against Thomas, James, and John Carr, of Ford, 
gentlemen, Matthew Carr, alias Pearson, of Ford, gen., Jane 
Fenwick, spinster, Jane and Margaret Carr, of Ford, spinsters, 
and others, for that they on Jan. 17, 1671, set fire to the house 
of Susan Carr, widow, of Bromerigg.* 

* We know nothing more of this case. It originated no doubt in some family 
feuds, for which the county of Northumberland has been unhappily remarkable. 



Jan. 24, 1670-1. Before Thomas Bawtiy, Lord mayor of York. 
Jonathan Welburne, of Yorke, merchant* saltli, that, on Thurs- 
day last, two doggs feighting in Micklegate, Mr. Hodgson, one 
of my Lord Freschevile's troope, came out of Mr. Hillary's house 
and drew his rapier and struck at a brewer's servant, whoe owned 
one of the doggs, and cutt him cross over his cheeke. Where- 
upon Mr. Perott, one of the sheriffs, did goe to him and desired 
him to putt upp his sword, telling him it was not fitt to draw in 
the streete upon a naked man. To which Mr. Hodgson an- 
swered that, if he (meaning the sheriff) should lift upp his staff 
against him, he would run him through; and, as the sheriff was 
goeing away, he called him " Pale-faced rascall," and said he 
would marke him against another tyme. And the sheriff told 
Mr. Hodgson, he should know he bore as much rule in the citty 
as he did, and should know it shortly. 


Oct. 29, 1671. Before Wm. Gray, gen., coroner.f Elizabeth 
Pmchbecke, daughter of John Pinchbecke, deceased, saith, that, 
about 8 or 9 a'clocke in the evening on Fryday last, this inform- 
ate's father and mother being falln out before their goeino- to 
bed, after some ill words there was some strokes betwixt them, 
and her father tooke the sticke from her mother, and sevcrall 
strokes was given. But this informate being in bed is uncertain 
who gave the more strokes, but she perceived her mother to 
bring an ax from under the cupbord, where it usually lay, and 
carryed itt to the bedside, and went into bed to her father, and 
seamed to lye very quietly, until this informate thought they had 
beene both asleepe ; but, about 3 or 4 a'clocke in the next morne- 
ing, as she beleives, she heard her mother rise out of bedd and 
take the axe. This informate being amaised does not remember 
whether she had a candle or noe; but this informate heard a 

* An affray in the streets of York in which the sheriff is insulted. The indignant 
oflBcial brings the offender before the lord-mayor, and he is bound over at the assizes 
to keep the peace. 

+ The history of a frightful crime— a woman murders her husband in cold blood ! 
Her punishment was a fearful one — she was burnt alive, and her daughter was ac- 
quitted. The story Is told with painful minuteness. 


great stroke given, which she bclcives was upon her father's head 
by her mother with the ax. And, upon the first stroke, her 
father gave a great skrike, and after that this informate lieard a 
stroke or two more, but her father crye no more ; but her mother 
caused her to gett up and putt on her close. And this inform- 
ant's mother then tooke her father on her backe with one of his 
armes above her shoulder, and the other of his armes under her 
other arme, and commanded this informant to carrey his feet, 
which she did as well as she could, but she was scarce able to 
beare them, but was forced severall tymes to lett them fall. 
They carryed him downe the hill by John Smith's doore stead, 
and turned againe on the right hand towards the mill, on along 
by the doores till they came att Morgan's doore, which is a deepe 
part of the becke, and this informate is certaine that they putt 
him into the becke at Morgan's doore, where Alice IMorgan dyed ;* 
and, after this informat and her mother came in, her mother 
charged her that she should never tell to anyone that she killed 
her father, for, if she ever spoke of itt to any one, she would kill 
her; and that her mother warmed water, and with itt washed 
the bench by the bedside which was all bloody, and allsoe washed 
severall other bloody places within the house. 

William Saltan, of Pickering, was present on Saturday morn- 
ing last about 7 a'clocke at the becke side neare Pickering upper 
mill, where was found lying the dead corps of John Pinchbecke 
in the water with two daingerous wounds upon his head, one 
upon his forehead, by which the scalpe broke, and a great cutt 
overthwart his head, both which wounds this informat beloives 
has beene done with such an instrument as an ax. And after- 
Wards this informat, goeing towards the testator's house, found 
an ax nigh the doorestead very bloody, and found blood on the 
long settle and seat by the bcdd side, and upon the bedd and 
chest, and in severall other places of the wall and other parts of the 
house. And this informate, being this day charged by the con- 
stable to attend Margarett the testator's wife to secure her, hath 
heard her severall tymes this day deny that she knew anything 
of her husband's death ; but since she has confessed to this depo- 
nent and John Hewlin that she did take the ax and knocked 
him in the harnes her owne selfe, and that she carryed him 
downe and threw him in the becke, and that he swattled after 
he came in the becke. And further, in these words, she tugged 
him with the might she had. 

Elizabeth, ivife of Richard Wilson, saith, that she examined 

* She had probably been drowned in the beck at this place. 


the girle, Pinchbeck's daughter, if she knew whoe killed her 
father, who answered that her father and she heard a knocking 
on the top of the house, and he went out and shec see him noe 
more. Margrett, the testator's wife, sitting in the house, was 
exclaimeing against her husband, and said, " Ah, Pinchbecke, 
thou has sought to breake my hart, but I live still, and hast thou 
putt thyselfe away.'^ 

Margrett, the testator^s ivife, sayth that she did take the ax, 
and knocked her husband's harnes out, for he had done her a 
great injury and did deserve it. 


Apr. 20, 1672. Before Robert Widdrington, coroner. Richard 
Hendersone, sayth, that, in or about the 22d or 23d of Feb. last, 
being at Chillingham in the company of Mr. Gilbart Swineho and 
James Swinho,* Mr. Andrew Carr and severall others, he heard 

* A duel between two Northumbrian gentlemen which had a fatal issue. Mr. S win- 
hoe was killed. A witness says that he heard him say that he was not hurt till Robert 
Gray, of Turvelawes, came with his sword drawn and bade him point his sword : in 
the meantime Carr gave him his wound. He says, also, that Mr, Swinhowe resided at 
ChattoD . 

My father knew nothing of this rencontre when he drew up his pedigree of Swinhoe, 
of Goswick, for his History of North Durham. He would have read this deposition 
with much interest. The brother of the gentleman who was killed, and who had 
somewhat to do with the origin of the quarrel, Mr, Gilbert Swinhoe, was, I believe, 
a person of some little literary distinction. There is lying before me a play of which 
he is supposed to have been the author. As there is, in all probability, no other copy 
of it in the North of England, the reader will thank me for a farther account of it. 
The title runs as follows, " The tragedy of the unhappy fair Irene. By Gilbert Swinhoe, 
Esq. London, printed by J. Streater, for W, Place, at Grays-Inn gate, next Holborn, 
M.DC.LViii." 4to, pp. 30.' — The play, which is a very respectable composition, is 
prefaced by three copies of verses. One is by F.S., and is addressed "To the most 
ingenious author, his much honoured countreyman ;" another by Eldred Revett, is in- 
scribed " To the hopefull youth of his much honoured kinsman, Gilbert Swinhoe, 
Esq." The other is by his brother James, who was killed ; I give it in extenso. 


I gratulate, Sir, that we see so soon, 
While we but for a morning look'd, your noon. 
We (could not yet believe that right-way ; 
And see ! Thou do'st awake into full day. 
Nor have I ought to vouch thy beams) begun, 
But gnats have leave to play within the sun : 
And though thy worth not needs that we stand by, 
We may, however, with our votes comply, 
And speak what all must do : that thou hast writ 
Scenes that have in them, spirit, judgment, wit ; 


some crossing words betwixt Mr. Gilbart Swineho and Mr. Carr, 
and afterwards he saw Mr. Gilbartt give Mr. Carr a blow, being 
highly provocked to it. And all the tyme they stayd togeather 
that night very hye and provoking words betwixt James Swin- 
hoe and Carr. They being parted that night, and Mr. Gilbert 
and James goeing to another house, being on Mathasis, and there 
went to bed togeather. And upon there goeing into bed Ensigne 
Home's man brought a pay per to the sayd Gilbart Swinhoe, wlioe 
oppend the same and red on lyne of it, and sayd " This is a chal- 
lang." The next morning, little after son rys, suspecting sume 

Who from thy pen shall reade Irene's fate 
Will think her now not so unfortunate, 
Let others to their merit speak thee high, 
I but a tribute bring of piety. 

Ja. Swinhoe. 

The verse is uncouth but characteristic of the period and the district. In the 17th 
century Northumberland produced very few authors. The gentry were too busy with 
their flocks and herds and their petty feuds to attend to literature. The following 
notices will illustrate this deposition and shew the state of society among the upper 
classes in Northumberland. 

" 1661. Musgrave Ridley, of Witchells par. Haltwhistle, gen., Wm. Ridley of the 
same parish, yeoman, and Hugh Ridley, of Hutton Bushell, gent., are bound in their 
recognizances to appear at the next York assizes for killing Francis Robinson, of Hack- 
ness, gent." Musgrave Ridley lost his estate for his loyalty during the civil wars, and 
it was in reference to him that the late Mr. Surtees wrote the following lines — 

When fell the Ridley's martial line, 

Lord William's antient towers, 
Fair Ridley on the silver Tyne, 

And sweet Thorngrafton's bowers ; » 

All felt the plunderer's cruel hand. 
When legal rapine through the land 

Stalk'd forth with giant stride ; 
When loyalty, successless, bled, 
And truth and honour vainly sped 

Against misfortune's tide. 

" In July, 1665, Mr. Wm. Selby, of Pawston, kills Simon Stobart by thrusting his 
rapier through a door. He was burned in the hand. 

" 1665, 20 Sep. Sir Thomas Carnaby is killed in an affray with Richard Harland 
in his house in Blake Street, York." 

" March 8, 1679-80. At Craister, Ellioner Gilchrist, saith, that upon Thursday 
last, betwixt 3 and 4 a'cloke afternoone, she being in Esq. Craister's garden, and there 
she heard a noyse. Therupon she went to tlie top of the garden wall to se what made 
the noyse. There she saw Mr. Edward Forster lyinge, and she also saw on Mr. 
Tho. Craister walking from him, and she see two swords drawen lying besides Mr. Ed. 
Forster 's drawen. Then she called unto Mr. Craister, saying, ' What have yow donn 
to Mr. Forster ?' but she heard no answere." 

" Feb., 1683-4. Edward Ogle, of Ogle, yeo., charged with knocking Michael 
Hall off his horse, whereby his leg was broken and he died." 

" June 1, 1686. Mr. John Thirlwall, of Newbiggin, is shot with a pistol in Hexham 
lane, near Gaoler's style, by Mr. Richard Ilayles, with whom he was fighting. Mr. 
Thirlwall was greatly to blame. 


misclieif, tlie ex* came up to Anthony Dunstoll's garden, where 
he found the sayd J. Swinho and A. Carr with drawen swords 
fyghting, and the informer seazcd upon Mr. Carr and so parted 
them without any harm done, and came into Dunston's house and 
drunk togcather abo^it an houre. Then the sayd Carr went out 
of Dunston's house, and so parted. And about 3 or 4 of the clock 
in the afternoon of the same day^, being in Anthony Dunstol's 
stable, heard a woeman cry out that there was two fyghting in 
garden. Soe the informer run in to the sayd garden and did 
fynd James Swinho and Mr, Carr's swords drawen and Robert 
Gray with them, and, the sayd James Swinhoe being wounded in 
the arme, did helj) to bring him in to the sayd Dunstall's, and he 
bled to death of that wound. 


May 8, 1672. Before Sir Henry Goodrick and Sir Richard 
Hutton.* M7's. Anne Smithson, of Stainley, sayth, that, near 
Lent in the year 1670-1, she being at Bothwell Castle, was in- 
formed by Ann Martin, servant to Mr. John Booth, parson of 
Bothwell Castle, that the said Mr. Booth was a clipper of coyn. 
She further sayth that slice was an eye witness of it, as also Roger 
Ambrey, who had part of the clippings. She saw through the 
crannys of boards and observed a fiirnace about a yard high with 

* A most remarkable case. The rector of Bothal, near Morpeth, is charged with 
clipping, and lie had evidently been guilty of other offences. Many witnesses support 
the charge of clipping. Ralph Daglish says that he built a fire-hearth for the rector 
in a corner near a window in a room over the gateway in Bothall Castle. Booth had 
borrowed a pair of bellows from the village smith, and a person comes forward who 
heard the smith say " he wondred what the parson did with his bellowes, for they have 
a better blast then they had before." Ramsey, a Newcastle goldsmith, deposes that he 
bought of Booth " about 900 oimces of rund silver or bullion at twice," thus shewing 
the large scale on which the operations had been carried on. 

When everything was revealed, Booth at once fled, and, not content with that, he 
seems to have done his best to keep the witnesses against him out of the way. The 
absence of Henry Thompson is mentioned in the deposition. He had been got away 
into Yorkshire, but after some time he wrote to Sir Henry Goodricke, professing his 
readiness to swear against Booth. He makes some revelations against him, " Now, 
by reason of my tender yeares, he perswaded me to goe out of the country till his 
troubles were over, for he told me that there was none knew of his actings save myself, 
and a made in the house. But for hir he would give hir a dose. Which young made 
■was taken away with on Douty, a highwayman, by Booth's order, and brought to 
Knasebrough, where she dyed very strangely and suddenly." 

Booth was not content with this. On March 15, 1672-3, one of the days of assize, 
Mrs. Smithson deposed before the Judge, that Booth, with one Marm. Scott, his at- 
torney, had offered her 121. if she would sign a paper stating that James Bell, of 
Bothal, had induced her to give false evidence. She took the money, but kept the 
paper and brought it to the judge ! 


panns and sheers fastned in a table. He liad an assistant called 
Henry Thompson, now sayd to be at Tangier, although beleeved 
to be near Islip, in Darbyshire. Upon his defrauding my Lord 
Newcastle and flight upon it, the said Booth sent to his wife to 
be sure to pull down the furnace and to throw the iron pinns over 
the leads. 

Chr. Smithson, of Stavelei/,^en., sayth, that Mr. Booth did clip 
the King's coyne for lucre sake, and sold it to one Karasgill, of 
Newcastle, a goldsmith, and one Andrew Bell told him that he 
did carry a cloth bag from Bothell to Newcastle of Mr. Booth's, 
with great lumps of silver melted in it which thumpt him upon 
back like boolder stones. 


Jan. 8, 1672-3. Before Sir Henry Thompson, Lord Mayor of 
York. John Harrison, an officer of the Cathedrall Church of 
Chester* saith, that, on the 15th of December last, the Cathedrall 
Church of Chester was robd of two silver candlestickes richly 
guilt and imbossed, and one large silver charger guilt, and that a 
silver head guilt with a face upon it, now shewed him, is parte of 
one of the said candlestickes, and that he knoweth it as well as 
any friende's face hee ever was acquainted with; and that he 
likewise saith that a peece of silver plate guilt now shewed to him 
he veryly belceves is parte of the said charger. 

* A case of sacrilege, Chester Cathedral had been plundered, and the thieves are 
captured in York. At Christmas, 1672, three men, called Wm. Fawcett, Tristram 
Barwick, alias Ralph Thomson, and James Noble, were arrested in York. Their 
language had caused them to be suspected. When they were searched, picklocks, files, 
and pistols were found in their possession. Thompson had five rings, one with the 
King's picture, another with a cornelian stone. A servant of Sir Christopher Wandes- 
ford says, that in Ireland, in Sept. last. Sir Christopher was robbed of 307^. and a 
gold ring, which he believes to be that with the cornelian stone. The retainer had his 
suspicions that the men were highwaymen, and, by a most lucky chance, he had got 
them arrested. They had a horse with them, which they say was lent to them at Greta 
Bridge. It had been stolen, however, from Sir Jerome Smithson*s, at Stanwick. 
The men confess that they had been in Chester and Ireland, but deny the charges 
against them. It is proved that Thomson offered for sale the silver, cut in pieces, at 
the shop of Henry Mangey, goldsmith, in York, telling him that his grandmother had 
been a Papist, and that the plate had been used upon an altar. The evidence of the 
verger is strong. Barwick died in York Castle, and I do not know what became of 
the other two. 



Apr. 2, 1673. Before Humphrey Mitford, Esq. Ann Arm- 
strong, of Birchen-nooke, spinster,^ saith, that Ann, wife of 
Thomas Baites, of Morpeth, tanner, hath beene severall times in 
the company of the rest of the witches, both att Barwick, Barras- 
ford, and at Ridingbridg-end, and once att the house of Mr. 
Francis Pye, in Morpeth, in the seller there. The said Ann 
Baites hath severall times danced with the divell att the places 
aforesaid, calling him, sometimes, her protector, and, other some- 
times, her blessed saviour. She hath seen the said Ann Baites 
severall times att the places aforesaid rideing upon wooden 
dishes and egg-shells, both in the rideinge house and in the close 
adjoyninge. She further saith that the said Ann hath been 
severall times in the shape of a catt and a hare, and in the shape 
of a greyhound and a bee, letting the divell see how many shapes 
she could turn herself into. 

Apr. 4. Before Sir Richard Stote. The same witness saith, that 
since she gave information against severall persons who ridd her 
to severall places where they had conversation with the divell, 
she hath beene severall times lately ridden by Anne Driden and 
Anne Forster, and was last night ridden by them to the rideing 
house in the close on the common, where the said Anne Forster, 
Anne Driden, Lucy Thompson, John Crawforth, Wm. Wright, 
Elizabeth Pickering, Anne Usher, Michaell Aynesley, and Mar- 
garet his wife, and one Margarett, whose surname she knowes not, 
but she said to the protector she came from Corbridge, and thre 
more, whose names she knowes not, were all present with their 
protector: and had all sorts of meatcs and drinke, they named 
siltt, upon the table by pulling a rope, and they tooke the bridle 
of this informant, and made her singe to them whilst they danced ; 
and all of them who had donne harme gave an account thereof to 
their protector, who made most of them that did most harme, 
and beate those who had donne no harme. And Mary Hunter 

* One of the most extraordinary cases of witchcraft that has ever been printed. I 
know of nothing that surpasses it in interest, save the great Lancashire case, which lias 
been re-published by the Chetham Society, and illustrated with an admirable preface 
by its learned President, Mr, Crossley. 

We are here introduced to a witch-finder, who plays the part of Matthew Hopkins, 
and tells us her experiences, which are of the most peculiar description. The reader 
must test her depositions with his own critical acumen. He must draw his own con- 
clusions as to the accuracy of a tale that would run like wildfire through Durham and 
Northumberland. I know nothing of the result of the affair. I need not say that all 
the accused persons deny their guilt. 


said she had killed George Taylor's filly, and had power over his 
mare, and that she had power of the farre hinder leg of John 

Feb. 5, 1672-3. Newcastle-on-Tyne, before Ralph Jenison. 
Anne Armstrong, of Birks-nooke, saith, that, being servant to one 
Mable Fouler, of Burtree house, in August last, her dame sent 
her to seeke eggs of one Anne Forster, of Stocksfield ; but as they 
could not agree for the price, the said Anne desired her to sitt 
downc and looke her head, which, accordingly, she did. And 
then the said Anne lookt this informant's head. And, when 
they had done, she went home. And, about three dayes after, 
seekeing the cowes in the pasture, a little after day-breake, she 
mett, as she thought, an old man with ragg'd cloaths, who askt this 
informant where she was on the Friday last. She tould him she 
was seekeing eggs at Stocksfield. So he tould her that the same 
woman that lookt her head should be the first that made a horse 
of her spirrit, and who should be the next that would ride her ; 
and into what shape and liknesses she should be changed, if she 
would turne to there God. And withall tould this informer how 
they would use all meanes they could to allure her: first, by 
there tricks, by rideing in the house in empty wood dishes that 
had never beene wett, and also in egg shells ; and how to obtaine 
whatever they desired by swinging in a rope; and with severall 
dishes of meate and drinke. But, if she eate not of their meate, 
they could not harme her. And, at last, tould her how it should 
be divulgd by eateing a piece of cheese, which should be laid by 
her when she laie downe in a field with her apron cast over her 
head, and so left her. But after he was gone she fell suddainely 
downe dead and continued dead till towards six that morneing. 
And, when she arose, went home, but kept all these things secrett. 
And since that time, for the most parte every day, and sometimes 
two or three times in the day, she has taken of these fitts, and 
continued as dead often from evening till cockcrow. And whilst 
she was lying in that condition, which happend one night a little 
before Christmas, about the change of the moone, this informant 
see the said Anne Forster come with a bridle, and bridled her 
and ridd upon her crosse-leggd, till they came to (the) rest of her 
companions at Rideing millnc bridg-cnd, where they usually mett. 
And when she light of her back, pulld the bridle of this informer's 
head, now in the likcnesso of a horse; but, Avhen the bridle was 
taken of, she stood up in her owne shape, and then she see the 
said Anne Forster, Anne Drydcn, of Prudhoe, and Luce Thomp- 
son, of Mickley, and tenne more unknowne to her, and a long 
black man rideing on a bay galloway, as she thought, which 




tlaey calld there protector. And when they had haukt theire 
horses, they stood all upon a bare spott of ground, and bid this 
informer sing whilst they danced in severall shapes; first, of a 
haire, then in their owne, and then in a catt, sometimes in a 
mouse, and in severall other shapes. And when they had done, 
bridled this informer, and the rest of the horses, and rid home 
with their protector first. And for six or seaven nights together 
they did the same. And the last night this informer was with 
them they mett all at a house called the Rideinge house, where 
she saw Forster, Drydon, and Thompson, and the rest, and theire 
protector, which they call'd their god, sitting at the head of the 
table in a gold chaire, as she thought; and a rope hanging over 
the roome, which every one touched three several times, and what 
ever was desired was sett upon the table, of several kindes of 
meate and drinke; and when they had eaten, she that was last 
drew the table and kept the reversions. This was their custome 
which they usually did. But when this informer used meancs to 
avoyd theire company they came in theire owne shapes, and 
threatned her, if she would not turne to theire god, the last shift 
should be the worst. And from that time they have not troubled 
her. But further saith that, un St. John day last, being in the 
field, seeking sheep, she sitt downe, being weary, and cast her 
apron over her head. And when she gott upp she found a piece 
cheese lying at her head, which she tooke up and brought home, 
and did eate of it, and since that time hath disclosed all which 
she formerly kept secrett, 

Apr. 9, 1673. At the Sessions at Morpeth before Sir Thomas 
Horsley and Sir Richard Stote, knights, James Howard, Hum- 
phrey Mitford, Ralph Jenison, and John Salkeld, Esqrs. 

Ann ^ I vmstrong, of Birks-nuhe, sjmister, saith, that the informa- 
tion she hath already given is truth. She now further saith that 
Lucy Thompson of Mickley, widdow, upon Thursday in the 
evening, being the 3rd of Aprill, att the house of John Newton 
off the Riding, swinging upon a rope which went crosse the 
balkes, she, the said Lucy, wished that a boyl'd capon with silver 
scrues might come down to her and the rest, which were five 
coveys consisting of thirteen person in every covey ; and that the 
said Lucy did swing thrice, and then the said capon with silver 
scrues did, as she thinketh, come downe, which capon the said 
Lucy sett before the rest off the company, whereof the divell, 
which they called their protector, and sometimes their blessed 
saviour, was their cheif, sitting in a chair like unto bright gold. 
And the said Lucy further did swing, and demanded the plum- 
broth which the capon was boy led in, and thereupon it did im- 



mediately come down in a dish, and likewise a botle of wine 
which came down upon the first swing. 

She further saith that Ann, the wife of Richard Forster off 
Stocksfeild, did swing upon the rope, and, upon the first swing, 
she gott a cheese, and upon the second she gott a beakment of 
wheat flower, and upon the third swing she gott about halfe a 
quarter of butter to knead the said flower withall, they haveing 
noe power to gett water. 

She further saith Ann Drydon, ol' Pruddow, widdoAV, did swing 
thrice; and, att the first swing, she gott a pound of curraines to 
putt in the flower for bread; and, att the second swing, she gott 
a quarter of mutton to sett before their protector; and, at the 
third swing, she got a bottle of sacke. 

She further saith that Margrett the wife of Michaell Aynsley 
of Riding did swing, and she gott a flackett of ale containing, 
as she thought, about three quarts, a kening of wheat flower for 
pyes, and a peice of beife. 

She further saith that every person had their swings in the 
said rope, and did gett severall dishes of provision upon their 
several! swings according as they did desire, which this informant 
cannot repeat or remember, there beinge soe many persons and 
such variety of meat; and those that came last att the said meeting 
did carry away the remainder of the meat. 

And she further saith that she particularly knew ut the said 
meeting one Michael Aynsly of the Rideing, Mary Hunter of 
Birkenside, widdow, Dorothy Green of Edmondsbyers in the 
county of Durham, widdow, Anne Usher of Fairlymay, widdow, 
Eliz. Pickering of Whittingeslaw, widdow, Jane wife of Wm. 
Makepeace of New Ridley, yeo., Anthony Hunter of Birkenside, 
yeo., John Whitfeild of Edmondbyers, Anne Whitfeild of the 
same, spinster, Chr. Dixon of Muglesworth park and Alice his 
wife, Catherine Ellott of Ebchestcr, Elsabeth Atchinson of Eb- 
chester widdow, and Issabell Andrew of Crooked-oake widdow, 
with many others both in Morpeth and other places, whose faces 
this informer knowes, but cannot tell their names. All which 
persons had their severall meetings at diverse other places at 
other times: viz. upon Collupp Munday last, being the tenth of 
February, the said persons met at Allcnsford, Avhere this inform- 
ant Avas ridden iqion by an inchantiMl l)vidle by TMicliacl Aynsly 
and Margaret his Avife. Which inchanted bridle, Avhen they tooke 
it of from her head, she stood upp in her owne proper person, 
and see all the said persons beforcmencioned danceing, some in 
the likenesse of haires, some in the likcnessc of catts, others in 
likenesse of bees, and some in their oAvne likenesse, and made 


this informant sing till tlicy danced, and every thirteen of tliem 
had a divell with them in snndry shapes. And at the said meet- 
ing their particular divell tookc them that did most evill, and 
danced with them first, and called every of them to an account, 
and those that did most evill he maid most of. 

And this informant saith that she can very well remember the 
particular confessions that the severall persons hereunder named 
made to the divell then and there, as well as other times: and 

Lucy Thompson of Mickly confessed to the divell that she had 
wronged Edward Lumly, of Mickly, goods by witcheing them; 
and in particular one horse by pincing to death, and one ox 
which suddainly dyed in the draught, and the divell incouraged 
her for it. 

Ann Drydon of Pruddoc confessed to the divill that, on the 
Thursday night after Fasten's even last, when they were drinking 
wine in Franck Pye's celler in Morpeth, that shee witched sud- 
denly to death her neighbor's horse in Pruddoe. 

Anne wife of Richard Forster of Stocksfield confessed that she 
bewitched Robert Newton's horses of Stocksfeild, and that there 
was one of them that had but one shew on, which she took and 
presented with the foot and all to the divell at next meeting. 
And she further confessed to her protector that she had power of 
a childe'of the said Robert Newton's called Issabell, ever since she 
was four yeare oldc, and she is now about eight yeares old, and 
she is now pined to nothing, and continues soe. 

Moreover Michaell Ainsly and Anne Drydon confessed to the 
divill that they had power of Mr. Thomas Errington's horse, of 
Rideing mill, and they ridd bchinde his man upon the said horse 
from Newcastle like two bees, and the horse, immediately after 
he came home, dyed; and this was but about a moneth since. 

The said Anne Forster, Michaell Ainsly, and Lucy ThomjD- 
son confessed to the divell, and the said Michaell told the divell 
that he called 3 severall times at Mr. Errington's kitchen dore, 
and made a noise like an host of men. And that night, the 
divell asking them how they sped, they answered, nothing, for 
they had not got power of the miller, but they got the shirt of 
his bak, as he was lyeing betwixt women, and laid it under his 
head, and stroke him dead another time, in revenge he was an 
instrument to save Raiph Elrington's draught from goeing downe 
the water and drowneing, as they intended to have done. And 
that they confessed to the divell that they made all the geer goe 
of the mill, and that they intended to have made the stones 
all grinde till they had flowne all in peecee. 

o 2 


Mary Hviiiter confessed to the clivill that she had wronged 
George Tayler of Edgebrigg's goods, and told her protector that 
she had gotten the power of a fole of hissoe that it pined away to 
death. And she had gott power of the dam of the said fole, and 
that they had an intention, the last Thursday at night, to have 
taken away the power of the limbs of the said mare. About 
Michaelmas last she did come to one John Marsh, of Edgebrigg, 
when he and his wife was rideing from By well, and flew some- 
times under his mare's belly and sometimes before its breast, in 
the likenesse of a swallow, untill she got the power of it, and it 
dyed within a week after. And she and Dorothy Green confessed 
to the divill that they got power of the said John Marshe's oxe's 
far hinder legg. And this is all within the space of a year halfe 
or thereabouts. 

Ann Usher, of Fairly May, confessed to the divell that by his 
help she was a medciner, and that she had within a litle space done 
lOOl. hurt to one George Stobbart, of New Ridly, in his goods. 
And that she and Jane Makepeace, of New Ridly, had trailed a 
horse of the said Geo. downe a great scarr, and that they have 
now power of a quye of the said Geo., which now pines away. 

Elizabeth Pickering, of Whittingstall, widdow, confessed, that 
she had power of a neighbor's beasts of her owne in Whittingstall, 
and that she had killed a child of the said neighbors. 

And this informer saith that all the said persons were frequently 
at the meetings and rideings Avith the divill, and craved his as- 
sistance, and consulted with him about all the aforesaid accions. 

She further saith, that Jane Hopper of the Hill confessed to 
the divill that she had power over Wm. Swinburne, of Newfeild, 
for near the space of two yeares last past, by which he is sore 
pined, and she hopes to have his life. And Anthony Hunter, of 
Birkenside, confessed he had power over Anne, wife of Thomas 
Richardson, of Crooked oak ; that he tooke away the power of 
her limbs, and askt the divill's assistance to take away her life. 
And Jane Makepeace was at all the meetings among the witches, 
and helped to destroy the goods of George Stobbart. 

And this informer deposeth that Ann Drydon had a lease for 
fifty yeares of the divill, whereof ten ar expired. Ann Forster 
had a lease of her life for 47 yeares, whereof seaven are yet to 
come. Lucy Thompson had a lease of two and forty, whereof 
two are yet to come, and, her lease being near out, they would 
have perswaded this informer to have taken a lease of three score 
yeares or upwards, and that she should never want gold or mony, 
or, if she had but one cow, they should let her know a way to get 


And fiirther this informer cannot as yet well remember. 
: Apr. 21, 1673. The said witness, Anne Armstrong, deposes 
further, before Ealph Jenison, Esq. 

On Monday last, at night, she, being in her father's house, see 
one Jane Baites, of Corbridge, come in the forme of a gray catt 
with a bridle hanging on her foote, and breath'd upon her and 
struck her dead, and bridled her, and rid upon her in the name 
of the devill, southward, but the name of the place she does not 
now remember. And after the said Jane allighted and pulld the 
bridle of her head, and she and the rest had drawne their compasse 
nigh to a bridg end, and the devil placed a stone in the middle 
of the compasse ; they sett themselves downe, and bending towards 
the stone, repeated the Lord's prayer backwards. And, when 
they had done, the devill, in the forme of a little black man and 
black cloaths, calld of one Isabell Thompson, of Slealy, widdow, 
by name, and required of her what service she had done him. 
She replyd she had gott power of the body of one Margarett 
Teasdale. And after he had danced with her he dismissed her, 
and call'd of one Thomasine, wife of Edward Watson, of Slealy, 
who confessed to the devill that she had likwise power of the 
body of the said Margaret Teasdle, and would keepe power of 
her till she gott her life. 

At severall of their meetings she has scene Michaell Aynsley 
and Margaret his wife, now prisoners in his Ma'^'^s goale, and Jane 
Baites, of Corbridge, ride upon one James Anderson, of Cor- 
bridge, chapman, to their meetings, and hankt him to a stobb, 
whilst they were at their sports; and, when they had done, ridd 
upon him homeward. 

May 12. She further saith, that, on the second day of May laste, 
at nighte, the witches carried her to Berwicke bridge end, where 
she see a greate number of them : and amongste the reste she see 
one Anne Parteis, of Hollisfeild, and heard her declare to the 
devill that she did enter into the house of one John Maughan, of 
the pareshe of Hay don, and found his wife's rocke lyinge upon 
the table. And she tooke up the rocke to spinne of it, and by 
spineinge of the rocke she had gotten the power of the said Anne 
that she should never spinne more, and would still torment her 
till she had her life. 

May 14. She being brought into Allandaile by the parishiners, 
for the discovery of witches, Isabell Johnson, being under suspition, 
was brought before her; and shee breathing uppon the said Anne, 
immediately the said Anne did fall downe in a sound and laid 
three quarters of an houre : and after her recovery she said, if 
there were any witches in England, Isabell Johnson was one. 


At Morpeth Sessions, as aforesaid. Robert Johnson, of Ryde- 
ing Mill, saith, that, about the latter end of August last, late at 
night, Ijeing in his bed at Rydeing Mill, betwixt two of his 
fellow-servants, he herd a man, as he thought, call at the dore, 
and ask whoe was within. Upon which this informant rose, and 
went, and layd his head against the chamber window to know 
whoe it was that called, and he heard a great noise of horse feet, as 
though it had been an army of men. Whereupon he called, but 
none would answer. Soe he returned to his bed, and the next 
morneing, riseing out of his bed, he wanted his shii't, which 
seeking after he accused his two fellow-servants, which were 
amazed at the thing and denyed that ever they knew of it, which 
this informant further searching after, found it lapt upp under his 
pillow at his bed head. He further saith, that Mr. Errington's 
draught, and Ra. Elrington's, being away at Stiford, leading 
tyth corne there, and being late in comeing home, this informer 
could not rest satisfy ed, but went to seek the draughts, and to 
know what was become of them : and met them comeing out of 
Stiford towne end, and came homeward with them, till they 
came to the water. And Mr. Errington's draught being got 
through, he herd the people with the other draught cry that they 
were goeing downe the water. And then he got on to a horse, 
and rode downe after them some 3 score yards or thei^abouts, 
where he came to them just at the entring into a great deep pool, 
where, if he had not made great help, they might have been lost, 
both men and beasts. And getting them turned and brought upp 
to the other draught, they came all home together; and this 
informant, haveing loosed the beasts out of his maister's draught 
and goeing to bed, was that night suddainly strucken dead in the 
kitchen to the sight of his fellow-servant. He further saith 
that, about some sixteen dayes before Christmas last, he could 
not by any raeanes he could use gett the mill sett, and, about 
the hinder end of Christmas hollidayes, being sheeling some 
oats, about two hours before the sunn-setting, all the geer, 
viz*, hopper and hoops, and all other things but the stones, 
flew downe and were casten of, and he himselfe almost killed 
with them, they comeing against him with such force and 

He further saith that, about a monetli since, one Wm. Olliver, 
his fellow- servant, went to Newcastle in the morneing, and rode 
upon a gray gelding of his maister's, which, to all their sights, 
was as well and as good like as any horse could bee. And his 
fellow-servant saycd that he came as well home and rode as 
heartily as any horse could doe. And after he {?■ come home 



this informant went to the dore, and tookc the horse l.)y the 
bridle, and led him into the stable where he usually stood. And 
there haveing him in his hand by the bridle reen, and haveing 
not gott him fastened nor out of his hand, till suddainly the horse 
rushed downe, he being not hott at all with rideing : and soe 
continued a good while, sometimes lookeing very cheerily about 
him, and other sometimes striveing, as it were, for life and death, 
soe that this informer was forced to goe to bed and leave him, and 
in the morneing when he came to the stable again he found him 
lyeing dead, and takeing him out of the stable they rippt him upp 
to see what might bo the cause, and could finde nothing but that 
the horse was all right enough in his body. 

John March, of Edgehrigg, yeoman, saith, that, about a month 
since, he went to a place called Birkside nook, and there Ann 
Armstrong heareing him named began to speak to him, and 
askt him if he had not an ox that had the power of one of 
his limbs taken from him. And he telling her he had, and 
enquireing how she came to know, she told him that she heard 
Mary Hunter of Birkside, and another, at a meeting amongst 
diverse witches, confesse to the divell that they had taken the 
power of that beast; and she not knowing her name, Sir James 
Clavering and Sir Richard Stote thought proper to carry her 
to Edenbyers, and there to cause the woman to come to her 
ther, to the intent she might challenge her. And she challenged 
one Dorothy Green, a widdow, and said she was the person that 
joyned with Mary Hunter in the bewitcheing the said ox. And 
the ox now continues lame, and has noe use of his farr hinder 
legg, but pines away, and likely to dye. He saith that Ann 
Armstrong told him that the said persons confessed before the 
devill that they bewitched a gray mare of his ; and he saith that 
about a fortnight before Michaelmas last, he and his wife were 
rideing home from Bywell on a Sunday at night upon the same 
mare, about sun-sett; and there came a swallow, which above 
forty times and more flew through under the mare's belly, and 
crossed her way before her brest. And this infowuant strook at it 
with his rod above twenty times, and could by noe meanes hinder 
it, untill of its owne accion it went away. And the mare went 
very well home, and within four dayes dyed : and, before she dead, 
was two dayes soe mad tliat she was past holding, and was 
etrucke blinde for four and twenty houres before she dead. 

He further saith, that the said Mary Hunter came downe to 
his house on Munday last, where he had Ann Armstrong ; and 
she askt her what she had to say to her. And she told her that 
she was a witch, and that she had seen her at the devill's meet- 


inges. The other askt her where, and she answered, " In this 
same house, last night, being Sunday, amongst all the companye." 
And the said informer saith, that that very night when she said 
they mett, he was soe sore affrighted that he was in a manner 
dead ; and afterward comcing to himselfe againc he herd a great 
thundring, and saw a great ligliteninge in the house, and to the 
number of twenty creatures in the resemblances of catts, and 
other .shapes, lyeing on the floores and creeping upon the walls. 
And immediately after I herd the girll singing to them. And 
his servants, being in bed with the young woman, awakened, 
and came downe out of the roome where the girll lay, and 
said, "Alas! the witches were gone with the girll." And he 
went upp and found her body lyeing in the bed, as she were 
dead, neither breath nor life being to be discerned in her: 
and continued soe for the most part of an hour, till he fetched 
in two or three neighbors to see her in that condition. And 
presently after they came in she began to stir and open her 
eyes, and loked on them for about an hour before she spake 
anything. And when she spoke she said that all the com- 
panyes were there, and were endeavouringe to get her away, but 
were prevented. And further he saith, the said Ann Armstrong 
enquired of the said Mary Hunter for her sonn Anton, and there 
being one of her sonns called Cuthbcrt, wee told her that he was 
the man she askt for, which she denyed, and said that it was not 
the man, for she knew him very well, and had seen him seve- 
rall tymes at their meetings; and desired her to send him downe, 
and a lass that she, the said ]\Iary, severall times ride upon 
and singe unto them, and she would resolve her whether it were 
they or not. thereupon Anton afterwards came downe, and 
questioned her what she had to say to him. She said she would 
lett him know at the sessions, hearing he was to be there: and 
because he had threatened her, she would say noe more, but told 
this informer, after he was gone, that Anton had confessed before 
the devill he had taken the power of Anne wife of Tho. Kichard- 
son of Crooked oak's limbs from her, and had likewise bewitched 
severall cattell to death. And further saith, that he knowes that 
the said Ann Richardson is in a very bad condicion, being some- 
times able to goc, and other times that she cannot goe without 
help. He never see the said Ann in his life before, neither, to 
his knowledge, was she ever where he was, nor never saw none of 
his beasts, but told him all this when he went to see her. 

Geo. 7\i/ler, of Edgehridye., ijeoviaii, saith, that, coming to 
Birkside nook to speak with one Ann Armestrong, Avhoe had 
oftentimes formerly desired to liave seen him, and, she being 


asleep upon a bed, her sister awakened her and raised her, and 
being asked if she knew him, or could name him, she answered 
that if he were the man that had a fole lately dead, and if he lived 
at Edgebrigg, his name was Geo. Tayler. Upon his demanding 
on her how she came to know it, she told him that she herd Mary 
Hunter of Birkenside, widdow, confesse itt before the divell at 
meetinge they had that she had gotten the power and the life of 
his fole. The said fole began not be well about Michaelmas 
last, and dyed about a moneth since, and it had noe naturall 
disease to his knowledge, but often swelled in severall parts of the 
body of it; and its head and lipps would have been sore swelld, 
and letten him have endeavoured never soe often to blood it, 
thinking thereby to prevent its death, he covild never get any in 
noe part of the body of it. And, when it was dead, he opened it 
to see if there were any blood or not, and he saith that he thinks, 
very, a quart pott would have holden all that it had and more, and 
that litle that it had was all drawne about the heart thereof 

He saith that Ann Armestrong told him that she heard when 
the said Mary Hunter and Dorothy Green, of Edmondbycrs, con- 
fesse to the devill that they had the power of his oxen and kyne, 
horses and mares, and that now, at this present, he has a grey 
mare, the dam of the said fole, pineing away, and in the same 
condition that the fole was in. And he thinks that all his o-oods 
doe not thrive nor are like his neighbours goods, notwithsfcandino- 
he feeds them as well as he can, but are like anatomyes. 

Apr. 21, 1673. Marke Ilimible., of Slecdij, tayler, saith, that 
he, betwixt 7 and 8 yeares agoe, walking towards the high end 
of Slealy, mett one Isabell Thompson walking downward. And 
when she was gone past him, she being formerly suspected of 
witchcraft, he lookt back over his shoulder, and did see the said 
Isable hould up her hands towards his back. And when he came 
home, he grew very sick, and tould the people in the house that 
he was afraid Isabell Thompson had done him wrong. And for 
some 3 or 4 yeares continued very ill by fitts in a most violent 
manner, to the sight and admiration of all neighbours. And, 
whilst he continued in this distemper, the said Isabell came to his 
house, and said it was reported she had bewitchd him. She 
tould him if it were so, it would soone be knowne. And further 
saith that his mother Margaret Humble then lyeing not well, 
Isabell Thompson tooke some of her haire to medicine her. 



May 17, 1673. Before Sir Thomas Horsley, Knight. Dorothy 
Hiniers, of Morpeth* saith, that, about three years agoe, she 
being washing at the water side, one Margaret Milbourne helping 
her to wash, Margaret Milbourne, the said Margaret's mother-in- 
law, came to this informer wher she was washing with the other, 
haveing her Sonne's child in her amies, and was angry witli her 
daughter-in-law for comeing to wash, and troublcing her to keepe 
her child ; and said she was an ill housewife that cannot be worth 
a groat in her owne house. Upon which this informer said, she 
might worke her owne worke at home when she could not addle 
a groat abroad. Upon which the said Margaret said she was old, 
and was not able to keepe the child. Upon which this informer 
said ther was a tough sinew in an old wife's hough. Upon which 
the said Margaret told her she would never be soe old with as 
much honesty. This informer, further, saith, that since that time 
she hathe been in a languishing condition, and hath not had her 
health, as formerly, nor able for any servile worke. She further 
saith that, on 25th day of Aprill last, in the night time, she being 
very sick, lieing in her bed, did apprehend she see a light about 
her bed like stairs. And then she did apprehend that she did see 
the said Margaret Milbourne, widdow, standing on an oate scepp 
att her bed feet, thinkeing she was pulling her heart with some- 
thing like a threed. Upon which this informer cald on her 
master's daughter that lay by her, who cald of other people out of 
the roorae below. Who comeing up found this informer in a 
swound, who continued not able to speake for three or foure 
bowers. She verily believes that Margaret Milbourne is the cause 
of her grievances ; and she doth often take very sick fitts, and in 
her fitts apprehends she sees the said Margaret. 

Isabell Fletcher, of Morpeth, saith, that, on the 12th of May, 
she was watching clothes with some others upon a piece of ground 
called the Stanners, neare Morpeth, in the night time. And 
goeing from the rest of the company to fetch a cloake, which she 
had left a distance of, see a white thing comeing through the 
water, like a woman, and she stood still till it came to her. And 
then it appeared to be a woman, who spoke to this informer, and 
asked her how she did. Iliis informer asked her againe, " Wlio 
is this that knoweth me, and askcth how I doe?" The woman 

* This is almost the last case of reputed witchcraft that I find in Northumberland. 
The accused person asserts her innocence. 


then answered, "Doe you not know me?" This infovnu'i tlicu 
apprehended her to be one Margaret Milbourne late of Bedling- 
ton, whome she was very well accquainted with, she being ser- 
vant lately to Wm. Milbourne, her sonne^ liveing in Morpeth, 
Then she said to this informer, " Wilt thou goe see thy dame ? " 
Upon which she replied she would neither goe see master nor 
dame at that time a night. Upon which she said, that if she 
would not goe with her, it would be worse for her or ought be 
long : and soe turnd her back and went away. Upon which this 
informer came towards her company and sate downe; and, pre- 
sently after, lookeing back she thought she did see her come 
towards her againe : upon which she fell into a swoune. And 
then her company comeing to her, they held her up, and, when 
she came out of the swovmd, she continued in a distracted condi- 
tion all the night, soe that the company could scarce hold her. 
And this informer formerly heard her reputed for a witch. And 
she saith that the day following, in the afternoone, being dressing 
a roome, she apprehended the said Margaret put her head in at 
the window. Upon which she fell into her distracted condition 
againe and continued soe five or six houers, insomuch that she 
was holden by severall people. 


Jan. 6, 1673-4. Calvert Smythson,* of Kipling, gen., said at 
Beedall, " The Parliament is prorogued till October next. I have 
forty men ready to rise att the holding upp of my finger, and 
when I come on the feild I will give noe quarter. I hope to see 
five hundred men killed in halfe a yeares tyme betwixt Allerton 
and Kipling." 

* A turbulent member of the North Riding family of Smithson. For these incau- 
tious words he was indicted, and was fined 10^. 

He was again in trouble in 1678, the year of the plot. He was probably a Roman 
Catholic, He was charged by John Foster, of Great Fencote, with saying at Bedalc 
on the 5th of Nov. 1678, " I and my company will destroy the King." The evidence 
against him was but weak, and he denied the charge altogether. A man of the name 
of Leonard Butterfeild who was present on the occasion said that no such words were 
used, but that Smithson said " that all Bedill men was roges and knaves, and this in- 
formant the worst of them all," 

In 1670 Mr. Smithson charged Leonard Hartley, of Brettonby, with assaulting him, 
but the indictment was ignored. 



Jan. 19, 1673-4. Before Robert Rocldaui, Mayor of Newcastle. 
Jane, tcife of Ciithbert Burrell, sfdpicright, deposetli that Peter 
Banks is a most strange seducer * and inticcr of the King's sub- 
jects and people, and deludes them in a wonderfull manner, per- 
swadeing and raakeing them beleive tliat he cann lett leases to 
people for tearme of yeares and life. Whereupon diverse seamen 
repair to liim and putt trust in his conjurations, and pay him 205. 
a peice for such leases. And, about a yeare and an halfe since, 
the said Banks came to this informer's husband, he useing to goe 
to sea, and stopped one of these leases into his hands. Which 
when this informer discovered, she was mighty angry, and much 
greived. And haveing read the same the contents were these, " I 
charge you and all of you, in the high sword name, to assist and 

blesse Cuth. Burrell belonging to (such a ship) from all rocks 

and sands, storms and tempests thereunto belonging, for this 
yeare." After which the informer did forthwith burne the same 
in the fire; for which the said Banks threatned he would plague 
the informer that she should never be worth a groat. And since 
that time she and her family have been mightily perplexed, and 
in great straits and necessities, though she trusts in God, and is 
not afFraid of the devill, yet the said Banks by his strange strata- 
gems afrights her. The said Peter Banks hath often confessed to 
her and others that he used inchantments, conjuracions, and 
magick arts; and, in perticuler, in conjureing evill and malitious 
spiritts; and, espetially, about a young woman that lived in Gates- 
head, whose name she knows not, who came to him when the 
informer was present, and discovered about her being molested 
with a spirit and the like. Wliereupon lie looked in his books, 
and writt something out of the same into a paper, and delivered 
it to that young woman. And told her that when the spirit ap- 
peared lett her open that paper, and she would be noe more mo- 
lested. And afterwards, as Banks confessed, the same woman 
came back again, and gave him thanks and payment. And he 
told this informant, for he made his cracks and boasts of it, that 
he mcdecined and conjured an evill spirit that Thomas Newton's 
daughter was troubled with, and in the night time he burnt peices 

* A wise-man is in trouble. Tlie depositions are amusing and will recall to the 
minds of my readers many stories that they have heard themselves. This race of im- 
postors is not yet extinet, and as long as there are weak and eredulous people in the 
woi-ld the trade will he found to be a lucrative one. 




of paper in the lire written on for that end, and a certainc number 
in the night, at a certaine time, and used words that he had 
mastered the spirit. He likewise said that he could compell 
people that had ill husbands to be good to their wifes. And he 
did nominate one Jane Crossby, to whom he had letten a lease for 
that end, and had gott 10-s. and two new shirts for his pains; and 
that the same lease endured for a yeare, and, dureing that time, 
her husband was loveing and kind ; but the yeare expireing, and 
she not renewing her lease, her said husband was ill and untoward 
againe. And he also declared that he could take away a man's 
life a yeare before his appointed time, or make him live a yeare 

Ellinor Pattison, alias Phitlipps, deposeth, that, contention 
having arisen between her and one Peter Banks, she often in the 
night time was terrified and affrighted with visions and appari- 
tions; and in such manner as she thought the said Banks was 
standing up in flames of fire, and could never be att rest and 
quietnesse till she made agreement with him. But, before the 
agreement, he repaired to her, and told her he knew she was 
wronged and bewitched and he could cure her. Therefore by his 
perswasions she permitted him to cutt a litle haire out of the back 
side of her neck in order to mcdccine and cure her. After which 
he putt the haire into a paper, and, haveing sealed it upp, gave it 
againe to the informer, and bidd her burne it. After which she 
amended and grew better. 


March 19, 1673-4. Before John Hargreaves, coroner. Jona- 
than Drake sayetli, that, about Mayday last, Sara his wife, now 
deceased,* told him that one Robert Rawnsley and Nathan Holds- 
worth came to his house, and made a distresse upon an attach- 
ment, as they said, and tooke a caddow from her. And the said 
Eawnsley tooke her in his armes and threw her downe, and 
kneeled upon her, and stopt her winde by graspinge her by the 
throate with his hands till shee was blacke in the face, and he 
trod upon her and strucke her with his feete, and bett the skinne 
of her knees and legges in severall places. And the said Rawnsley 

* A cruel assault at Horton, near Bradford, which was fatal to tlie poor woman, 
who languished for some time and then died. The cowardly assailants pretended to be 
bailiffs. Some parts of the story remind us of the famous exploit of Wild Darell at 
Littlecote Hall. 


struck this informant down twice, and threw one of his children 
on the fyer. 


June 20, 1674. Wm. Hall, of Durtrees, yeoman,* Matthew 

, of Wooler, Wm. Hickson, of Otterburn, Wm. Browne, 

of Elsdon, and his wife, John Hall, of Townhead, and Isabell his 
wife, George Aydon, of Hexham, and his wife, Anne Gibson, of 

Coftly, John Gatenbce, of , yeoman, Francis and Luke 

Gatenbec, Mary Gatenby, of Walsend panns, spinster, Zachariah 

Tysycke, of Howdon panns, Horslcy, of Long Horsley, 

Anne and Margaret Wilson, of the same, John Foster, sen. and jun., 
of Lee Ryden, Thomas Smart and his wife, and George Tayler, of 
the same place, Wm. Ord, sen. of Grange, gen. and Eliz. his wife, 
Wm. Ord, jun., and Jane Fletcher, of the same, spinster, Thomas 
Selby, of Swarland, gen., Anne Embleton, of Fclton, widow, 
Katherine wife of Thomas Nicholson, and .... Calverlaw, spin- 
ster, of the same place, Orkenhead, yeo., Joseph Greaves, 

sen., George Joblin and his Avife, Bartholomew Wintrup, yeoman, 
all of Felton, Robert Todd, of Brinkburne, and Margaret his wife, 
Anne Rennison, of Netherhaye, Edward Struther, of Alnwick, 
gen., and Mary his wife, Anne wife of Henry Finney, Eliz. and 
Frances Brandlinge, Wm. Gare, jun. and his wife, Robert Ander- 
son, Mary Sanderson, widow, Robert Stephenson, Jane Watson, 
widow, Elizabeth Hunter, and Jane wife of John Scott, all of 
Alnwick, Wm. Robson, of Heale, yeo., and his wife, Rowland 
and Lewes Robson, yeomen, Galfrid Robson, labourer, Isabel 
Greene, John and Wm. Hunter, yeomen, all of Healle, John 
Potts, of ... . haugh, yeo., Robert and Roger Potts, Edward 
Hunter and Deborah Potts, of the same place, Francis Withring- 

ton, of , gen., and his wife, Peter Snawdon, of the same, 

yeoman, Grace Snawden, of Bickerton, spinster, Wm. Solsby, of 

Whitton, Wilson, of . . . . pcth highware, yeo., and Faith 

his wife, John and Eliz. Watson, Mary Cotes, Bartholomew Gib- 
son and Barbara his wife, Jolm Thompson, Tliomas Jcnnison, 
and Thomas Sliipley, of the same place, Eliz. Joplinge, of Newton 
hall, s})lnstcr, Cuthbert Soitley, and Kdwurd Robson, of Horsley, 
yeomen, Wm. and Anthony Tayler, and Thomas Newton, of 
Bromeley^. yeomen, Eliz. Rowell, of Raichell foot, spinster, John 

* The names have been carelessly transcribed by the clerk. It will be observed that 
this is a very imperfect list. It seems to have been customary to send up a list, when 
it was called for, almost entirely different from its predecessor. 


Nicholas, Edward and George Kov/ell, of the same place, Wm. 
Snowball, of Hindley sheale, Gawin Castinton, of Broughs house, 
yeoman, Margaret Collingwood, Ralph Davison, Barbara Smyth, 
and Wm. Watson, of Lanton, Thomas Wilson, and Thomas 
Trumble of West Newton, Thomas Emerson and George Pringle, 
gen., of Kelham. Eobert Enkrein, of Thornington, Nicholas 
Pearson of Downham, Anne wife of Oswald Creswell, gen., and 
Eliz. Fenwick, of Lesbury, Peter Wilson and Thomas Atkinson 
and his wife, of Belford, Thomas Foster and the wife of Archi- 
bald Johnson, of Edderston, George F am, of Bradford, 

the wife of John Harrison, and the wife of Marmadukc Mattison, 
of Spinnelston, Wm. Hall, of Dortrcs, Anne Hall of Birk- 
hill, Mark Hedley, of Stobes, Matthew Anderson of Berehow 
cragg, Thomas Charter, Margaret Tarlett, Edward Stansey 
and Anne his wife, and Thomas Tendall, of Chatton, Robert 
Forten, of Humbleton, John Thomson and Eleanor his wife, Wm. 
Gray and Christiana his wife, Philip Tayler and Elizabeth his 
wife, Thomas Smyth and Margaret his wife, Edward Thomson, 
sen. and Elleanor his wife, Edward Thomson, jun. and Eliz. his 
wife, and Wm. Smith, of Heslerigg, Henry Hain and Catharine 
his wife, Katherine Anderson, George Main and his wife, of 
Lyham, Anne Millison, Edward Grey, Oswald and John Gar- 
rand, George Pattison, Ralph Carre, Eliz. Thomson, Anne 
Strawhin, Eliz. Anderson, Jane Waite, Anne Trumbell, Elleanor 
Thomson, Dorothy Alder, and Jane Hardy, of Wooler, John 
Cunningham and Eliz. his wife, James Strother and John Carse, 
of Lowesk, Thomas Selby and Eliz. his wife, Mary Bambarrow 
and Wm. Mackrelle, of Barmoor, Ralph (havering, of Calliley, 
Esq. and his wife, George Collingwood, of Eslington, Esq., 
Robert Beednall, of Lemmonton, gen., Roger Huntridge, gen., 
and Robert Trumble, yeo. and his wife, of Abberwick, Ralph 
Weddall, of Bolton, yeoman, Henry Ogle, of Harup, gen., Robert 
Milne, of Edlington, yeo., Robert Smers, of Broom parke, yeo- 
man, Richard and Cuthbert White, of , yeoman, Michael 

Winigates and Isabel his wife, of Stanton, Francis RatcliiFe 
and Joan his wife, of Witton shells, Thomas Browne and Isabel 
his wife, of Hungry side, Walter Watson, Anne Gare, widow, 
Patience Gare, spinster, Dennis and Wm. Smyth, James Pixerem, 
George Bawcham, Wm. Fletcher, Chr. Snawden, and George 

Turner, of , Robert Fenwicke, gen. and his wife, and Ralph 

Carnaby, of Lanches. 



July 16, 1674. Before Tho. Davison, Mayor of Newcastle. 
aSm' William Douglas, of Cavers, in Scotland, saith, that on or 
about the lOtli instant, about one or two o'clock in the raorneing, 
there was a murther coniitted in and upon the body of James 
Douglas,* his brother german, and he hath in suspition one 
Andrew Rotherford, of Townhead, who, as he informed, is now 
fled to this toAvne. 


Aug. 26, 1674. Before Darcy Wentworth, Esq., at Woolley. 
Mary Moor, of Clayton, spinster,] saith, that, on the 14th day of 

* James Douglas, of Camerton, the brother of Sir AVni. Douglas, of Cavers, who 
had in his veins the best blood in Scotland, is killed on the Borders. Sir William, 
after the Scottish fashion, pursues the murderer, one Andrew Rotherford, of Town- 
head, in Jedburgh, as far as Newcastle. Had he caught the fugitive there, he would 
probably have taken the law into his own hands, but being baffled in the chase he has 
recourse to the mayor. One Andrew Rutherford, a Newcastle gentleman, who, judg- 
ing from the identity of names, must have been a kinsman of the murderer, was sum- 
moned to give evidence. He said that, on the Tuesday before, he saw the murderer in the 
Shieldfield, and he told him " that he had done a mischeife, and sighed." The witness, 
who seems to have heard of the crime, then charged him with killing Douglas, and 
he confessed it, and told him that he was on his way either to Hull or Hartlepool, pro- 
bably to escape beyond sea. The witness saw his namesake as late as yesterday after- 
noon at an alehouse in Pipergate. 

f Another of these strange eases which occurred in the West Riding of Yorkshire. 
The evidence is plainly that of a malicious and ignorant person, and one would scarcely 
believe it possible that any magistrate could sit down to write such nonsense from the 
lips of any one. The idea of any person carrying home with him from a distance in 
his mouth nine pieces of liread and nine of butter ! Appended to the deposition is a 
petition, signed by more than fifty persons, addressed to the magistrates for the West 
Riding. Many respectable names appear on it. It states that the accuser is only a 
girl of sixteen, and then it goes on, as follows : 

"Some of us have well knowne the said Susanna and Anne, by the space of twenty 
years and upwards ; others of us fifteene years and upwards ; others of us tenne years 
and upwards. And have by the said space observed and knowne the life and conver- 
sation of the said Susanna to be not only vciy sober, orderly, and unblanieable in every 
respect ; but also of good example, and very lielpluU and usefull in the neighborhood, 
according to her poore ability. That shee was a constant frequenter of publicke ordi- 
nances while she was able, and to the best of our understanding made conscience of 
her wayesin more than common sort. 'J'hat we never heard, or had the least ground 
to suspect her, or her said daughter, to lie in any sort guilty of so foule a crime, but 
do fully believe that the said information against them both is a most gross and ground- 
less (if not nialitious) prosecution. And this we huniblie eertifie, as our very true 
apprehensions, as in the sight and presence of Ilim, who will judge the secrets of all 
hearts. And as touching the said girle who now informs, some of us could say too 


August, shee heard Susami, the wife of Joseph HinchlifFe, and 
Ann, the wife of Thomas Shillitoe, both of Denbigh, discourse- 
ing thus together. The said Susan said to Ann, " If thou canst 
but gett young Thomas Haigh to buy thee threepennyworth of 
indicoe, and look him in the face when hee gives it thee, and 
touch his locks, wee shall have power enough to take life." And 
shee alsoe sayd, " Nanny, wilt thou not goe to day and make hay 
att Thomas Haigh's?" to which the said Ann answered " Yes." 
Then sayd Susan, " If thou canst but bring nyne bitts of bread 
away, and nyne bitts of butter in thy mouth, wee sliall have 
power enough to take the life of their goods. They need not be 
in such pomp, for we Avill nether leave him cowe nor horse at 
house." The said Ann askt Susan, " Mother, did you doe Dame 
Haigh any hurte?" The said Susan answered, " I, that did I, 
for after I toucht the cadgcings of her skirts, shee stept not 
many steps after. I shortned her walk." And this informant 
saith that, at another time before, shee heard the said Susan say 
to the said Ann, " I think I must give this Tliomas Bramhall 
over, for they tye soe much whighen about him, I cannot come 
to my purpose, else I could have worn him away once in two 
yeares." Then said the said Ann to the said Susan, her mother, 
" Would I was as free as I was within this two yeares.^' The 
said Susan replyed, " Thou art too farr worne." Then the said 
Susan sayd to her daughter, " Nanny, did thou not hear that 
Timothy Haigh had like to have been drowned i'th water-hall 
dyke ?" To which shee answered shee did not hear. Then the 
sayd Susan sayd, " I lead him up and down the moor, with an in- 
tention hee should either have broak his neck or have drownd 
himselfe: but at last his horse threw him, and hee then went over 
the bridge, and I had a foot in. How hee gott over the bridge 
I cannot tell, except the Lord lead him by the hand. I had him 
not at that time. But the next time, lett the horse and him look 
both to themselves." The said Ann askt the said Susan, her 
mother, if ever shee had done John Moor any hurt. To which 
she answered " Yes." And sayd, " I tooke the life of two swine, 

much concerning her, of a quite dift'erent nature, but that we judge recrimination to 
be but an indirect way of clearing the innocent." 

On the assize records tliere is nothing to tell us how the case terminated. The de- 
position itself is torn in two, which seems to shew that the matter came to nothing. A 
note in Mr. Hunter's Life of Oliver Heywood fills up the blank, and gives a very 
melancholy termination to the affair. It appears that Hinchcliff"e and his wife were 
bound over to answer the charge at the next assizes. It preyed upon his mind so 
much that on Thursday morning, Feb. 4, 1675-6, he hanged himself in a wood near 
his house, and was not found till the Sunday. In the mean time his wife died, pray- 
ing on her deathbed for her accusers. 


and did Imrt to a childe." And shee heard the said Susan say to 
the said Ann, that if her father had but toucht Martha Haigh, 
before shee had spoken to him, they could have had power enough 
to taken away her life. To which Susan replyed, " There is 
noe tyme bye-past." The informant, further, saith, that, aboute the 
midle of Jiily last past, goeing to borrow a line wheele, she heard 
Ann Shillito say to Susan Hinchlifc, " I saw my father play such 
a trick last night as I never saw in my life." Susan asked her 
what yt was. She said, " He asked for butter, and there came 
butter on to his knee in a wooden sawser." Susan said that 
" That was but a little. Has thou lived in this house soe long 
and never saw none of thy father's trick. Dost not thou know 
that thy father went to John Walker's to steime a pare of shooes, 
and he would not let him have them without he had money in his 
hand, but he never made pare after. Likewise he went to George 
Coppley's to steime a wastcoate cloth, and he would not let him 
have it without he had silver in hand; and, because he would not 
let him have it, he never made peice att afFter but two. If any 
body would not let them have what they wanted, they would 
take life of any body." She heard Susan Hinchlife say to Ann 
Shillito that Joseph Hinchlife was as ill as they, but would not 
be scene in it. He bare it farr oiF. Ann Shillito further saith 
that if they weere knowne they might be hanged. But Susan 
Hinchlife replied noe hempe would hang them. But Ann Shil- 
lito said, they might be burnt then. Susan said, nay, they would 
never tell untill they died. She further saith that Ann Shillito 
said, " He warrant ye thou shall l)ut say little when thou comes 
before the bench." 

Timothy Hague, of J/eiibi/, saith, that he was present when 
Mary Moore did voniitt a peice of bended wyer and a peice of 
paper with two crooked pinns in it, and hath att severall other 
tymes scene her vomitt crooked pinns. 


Jan. 11, 1674-5. Before Jo. Yeates and Philip Waide, coro- 
ners. Jo/in Ilartinives, of the CHfi/ of ForX-6,*sayth,that, on the 

* A tluol that c-iuatt'il a greater sensation in Yorksliiiv tliaii aii_v other affray in the 
.seventeenth century. Sonic family differences seem to have originated it. Mr. Ais- 
laliy, the novits humo of the Aishibies, liad married the second of the daughters and 
colieirs of Sir Jolin Malloryof Studley Royal, and Mr. Jonathan Jennings was aflfianced 
to the elder sister. Tradition says that Mr. Jennings and Miss Aislaby had been at a 
party at Buckingham House on Bishophill, and when the gentleman escorted the lady 


loth of Jan., imediatly after dinner, Mr. George Aislaby, this 
exts maister, sent this ext witli a lettre directed to ]\Ir. Jonathan 
Jennings, and ordered him to deliver it to Mr. Jennings' owne hand, 
but Mr. Jennina^s then beeinge att dinner, hee left the same with 

home to Mr. Aislaby's house they could not get in, Wlieii the inmates were aroused, 
Mr. Jennings, in answer to Aislaby 's question, told him that the heiress of Studley 
Royal was waiting outside, and that it was a strange thing that a daughter of Sir John 
Mallory should be kept waiting at George Aislaby's door. Hinc it/ce lachryma: ! 
Another account ascribes the quarrel to a wish to sacrifice the honor of Miss Mallory 
to the too notorious Duke of Buckingham. The lady, it is to be remarked, died un- 
married . 

A duel took place next morning, a Sunday, and, as the story goes, the signal for the 
meeting was the ringing of the minster prayer bell. It ended, as it is well known, in 
the death of Aislaby. In the Life of Oliver Hoy wood there is an account of the affray 
which is too important to be omitted here. 

" Mr. George Aislaby, the register of the spiritual court at York, did challenge Mr. 
Jonathan Jennings to a single duel, by whom he was slain, on Jan. 10, 167-5, being 
Lord's day. The occasion was this : the Duke of Buckingham, living at his own 
house in York, hath several masks, plays, interludes, dancings, at which, a day or 
two before, was, among the rest, Sir John Mallory 's daughter, living with Mr. Aislaby, 
whose wife was her own sister. They stayed at the masking very late at night. Mr. 
Aislaby and his family went to bed, left a man up to wait for his sister's coming home 
and open the gates. The man went to the Duke's house to meet them, but missed 
them, for Mr. Jon. Jennings (Sir Edward Jennings' brother, of Ilipon,) had taken her 
into his coach. They, coming to the gates in the man's absence, knocked, but got not 
admitted, whereupon Mr. Jennings takes her to his brother-in-law's, Dr. Watkinson's, 
house, where he lodged. The day after Mr. Aislaljy and Mr. Jennings met together ; 
had some words about it ; were sharp. Mr. Jennings told him it was hard Sir John 
Mallory's daughter must wait at George Aislaby's gates and not lie admitted. It ran 
so high, that Mr. Jennings told him he was the scum of the country. This stuck upon 
Mr. Aislaby's big spirit. Thereupon, after he had been to church in the forenoon, on 
Sabbath day noon, Jan. 10, 1675, he sent a challenge to Mr. Jennings, charged the 
servant to deliver it to his own hands, but he, being at dinner, could not but give it 
to one of the servants. He inquired what answer he brought, who telling him ' none,' 
sent him again to him, commanding him to bring a positive answer. Having delivered 
the note, Mr. Jennings said, ' Go, tell your master I will wait vipon him presently.' 
The place wa.s called Pen-roes without Boulenbar. The sign was, the tolling of the 
bell to church. Mr. Jennings took a boy with him, as though he would walk, who 
directed him to that place or near it, and sent him back, none suspecting the business. 
Mr. Aislaby kissed his wife when he went out. She said, ' Love, will you not go to 
church ?' ' Yes,' said he, ' but not to the church you go to ;' so went out. They 
met ; Mr. Aislaby was come first ; they fell to it with their swords ; Mr. Jennings 
run him up the right arm ; his body was untouched ; so many veins being cut he bled 
excessively. Mr. Jennings led him by the arm, then left him ; went and told his 
servants to go and fetch their master ; who made ready his coach ; got him into it. 
The last words he was heard speak were, ' I had him once in my power,' so died. By 
that time he was got home, his wife, being Sir John Mallory's daughter, came to the 
coach, being big with the twelfth child, fell down in a swoimd. He was searched by 
surgeons, who had no hurt upon his body, but arms. Mr. Jennings was at Dr. Wat- 
kinson's ; wlien he heard it, was ready to tear the flesh off himself; when recovering, 
he got the Duke's coach, and went out of town ; is gone straight to London, post, to 
beg his pardon. Mr. Jennings took two men ; went to the high sheriff; they were 
bound with him in 500^. a piece for his appearance at the assizes, and got his pardon 
from the King, and walked up and down York streets with confidence." 

p 2 


tlie maidservant of the house to deUver to him ; which answer hee 
retorned to Mr. Aislaby, his maister, when hee retorned back. 
Whereupon the said Mr. Aislaby sent this ex' back againe to en- 
quire of the said maid servant whether shee had deHvered the 
lettre to Mr. Jennings' hand or noc, but the answer was made to 
him by severall of the servants, " the lettre was delivered to Mr. 
Jennings' owne hand," and soe brought his maister back that 
answer, who was then out of Monckbarr expectinge an answer, 
which when this ex*^ brought to him, hee bid him goe hence. 
And this ex*^, further, saith that, about two of the clocke, (which 
was within an houre after the delivery of the said lettre,) the said 
Mr. Jennings came to this ex* and askt him if Mr. Aislabie, his 
maister, was with him, who told him that hee was gone out: and 
then the said Mr. Jennings askt him the way to a close, but re- 
members not the name of it; whereupon the said Mr. Jennings 
went directly downe a certaine lane leadinge to certaine closes 
called Penley Crofts, and, shortly after, suspectinge some mischeife 
might ensue, hee, this ex*, together with one John Metcalfe, went 
towards Penley Crofts aforesaid, where att a distance hee thought 
hee heard the clashinge of swords, and, shortly after, (goeinge 
forward to see the event) hee found Mr. Jennings leadinge the 
said Mr. Aislabie, who had received a wound and was bleedinge 
and almost spent for want of breath. And this ex* further saith 
that, when the said John Metcalfe beckned of this ex* to come to 
his maister, Mr. Aislabie, then the said Mr. Jennings left the said 
Mr. Aislabie. 

John Metcalfe, of the Cittij of Yorke, sayth, that, on the 10th of 
Jan., after two of the clocke in the afternoon, hee this ex*, with 
one John Hargraves, of what hee had observed, they then began 
to suspect some mischeife might happen betwixt Mr. George 
Aislabie their maister, and one ]\Ir. Jonathan Jennings: where- 
upon, imediatley, this ex*, together with the said John Hargraves, 
went towardes Penley Crofts, beinge a certaine peece of ground 
nigh the city of Yorke, where hee saw the said Mr. Aislabie and 
Mr. Jennings with their swordes drawne and glitteringe before 
hee came to them, none beinge with them but themselves. But 
when hee came to them hee found the said Mr. Aislabie wounded 
and ready to swound, and the said Mr. Jennings leadinge of him 
(the said Mr. Jennings havcinge ther a long small rapier by his 
side), and this ex* told the said Mr. Jennings hee had done a sad 
dayes workc ; Avho rcplycd little or nothingc, but then left this 
ex* with the said Mr. Aislabie, beinge not able to goe any further, 
havcinge lost so much blood and wantinge breath. And this ex* 
further saith that the said Mr. Jennings face was all bloody, sup- 


poseinge that liee had besmeered his face over with blood that hee 
might not be knowne. 

James Colliiis, of the Citty of Yorke, gentleman , sayth that, on 
the 10th of Jan., about five a clocke in the afternoone of the same 
day, one Mr. Jonathan Jennings came to this ex'^ house, who 
was then wounded in his right hand, and told him that Mr. 
Aislabie had given him the said wound. And this ex* further 
saith that Mr. Jennings told him that hee had received a lettre 
from Mr. Aislabie, the said day, the contents whereof, to the best 
of this ex'^ remembrance, are as followeth. "Sir, I desire you to 
meete mee in Penley Crofts, where wee may discourse somethinge 
concerninge the honor of the IMallory family." And this ex* 
further saith that Mr. Jennings told him that they had beene 
discourseinge of it a whole weeke. And, further, the said Mr. 
Jennings told this ex* that when they met, Mr. Jennings askt 
Mr. Aislabie what should bee the meaninge of this, to which Mr. 
Aislabie answered that it was not a tyme to use words : and soe 
Mr. Aislabie drew upon him ; and, further, the said Mr. Jennings 
told him that Mr. Aislabie satt himselfe upon the ground, and 
then Mr. Jennings askt him if hee had gott a wound ; and Mr. 
Aislabie told him hee had got on in the armo, and desired him to 
leave him. To whom Mr. Jennings replyed hee hoped hee was 
not hurt, and that hee would not leave him. 

Jan. 19, 1674-5. Before Richard Metcalfe, Lord Mayor. 
Jonathan Jennings, Esq.,^ sayth, that he and Mr. George Ayslabye 
were for a longe tyme very kind and intimate freinds, and, on 
Sunday the xth of January, Mr. Aislaby sent writeinge to this ex* 
concerneinge some deere which this ex* was to help him and 
Wm, Palmes Esq. unto, and intimateinge his owne desire to 
speake with this ex*; whereupon he went to his house, and when 
he heard that he was walked forth he found the place and came 
to him with intent freindly to discourse. The said Mr. Ayslaby 
drew out his sword, refuseinge to intertayne any discourse, but 
furiously run upon him with his sword, soe that this ex*, being 
surprised, re tyred and went backe untill he had like to have 
falne into a ditch. And, beinge in great perill, he did draw a 
short walkinge sword, w*"^ he usually wore, and indeavoured to 
defend himselfe therwith, yet the said Mr. Ayslaby wounded this 
ex'' in his right hand, and soe being disabled, closeinge, both fell 
to the ground, but how Mr. Ayslaby could gett any wound he 
knoweth not, unlesse by runninge himselfe upon this ex** sword. 

* Mr. Jennings, at the time of the duel, was staying at the house of Mr. Chancellor 
Watkinson, but after the fatal issue of the affray he absconded, and did not appear 
before the magistrates, as it will be seen, for several days. 



26 Jan. 1674-5. Abraliwn Ihbitson, of Leedes, cordwyner* 
being charged witli the felonious takeing away of twoe geldings, 
one chesnutt colour, another coloured gray, of the goods and 
chattells of Wm. Hutchinson, Esq., and, alsoe, with a gelding or 
galloway of the goods and chattells of Joseph Ibbitson, gen., saith, 
that, about twoe yeares agoe, hee became acquainted with one 
Thomas Bancroft (formerly servant or apprentice unto Joseph 
Turner, of Leedes, sheere grinder). And that, about the latter 
end of November last, this ex* mett with the said Bancroft in the 
highway from Yorke towards Leedes: and, walking thither 
togeather, the said Bancroft declared and sayd unto him, " If 
thou wilt goe along with me, thou necde not to want money," 
and then and there shew'd him a handfull of money. And, att 
some short tyme after, this ex*, haveing occasion to Yorke, mett 
with tlie said Bancroft againe, who persuaded him to turne back 
agalne to Leedes, att whose instance hee did. And the same 
night the said Bancroft went into the grounds of the sayd 
Mr. Hutchinson, and then and there did take away the sayd 
chesnutt geldeings. And he tooke away the horse or galloway of 
the said Mr. Ibbitson's. After which takeing the sayd Bancroft 
appointed him to stay for him about Mooretowne, untill he came 
unto him there ; which accordingly this ex* did that night, and 
they both ridd to Becdall, and there this ex* sold Mr. Ibbetson's 
geldeing for 6s. 8(/. And, after such sale, the sayd Bancroft ridd 
away with the cliesnutt geldeing, and ledd the gray gelding in 
his hand, and ordered this ex* to meete him att Richmond. To 
which towne this ex* went, and not meeting with him there, he 
put liimselfe into service to a cordwyner, and stayd there from 
Munday to Fryday then after. And not lindeing the said Ban- 
croft to come there hee retorned the direct way to Leedes. And 
intendeing afterwards for Yorke (with a dcsigne to take shippeing 
for Virgenia) this ex* mett againe this said Bancroft on Bramham 
moore, where Bancroft did much persuade this ex* to turnc 
highwayman with him, and told him that hee had sold the gal- 
loway, and kept the geldeing in a woode nearc Bramham moore. 
And after this discourse they went togeather unto a certaine 
alehouse in the Strcete houses, in the way betwixt Tadcaster and 
Yorke, where there was a bush as a signe, and there they drunke 
togeather, and hee left Bancroft att that house. 

* The confession of a hoi'sc-stcaler. In tiie 17th century horse-stealing was a very 
common offence in the North of England, 



Apr. 28, 1675. Before Edward Copley, Esq. Win. Frijer, of 
Leeds, saitli, that Daniell Auty,* of Dewsbury, often tokle tliis 
informant that he colde clip as well as any man, and that, aboute 
a weeke since, he shewed this informant aboute fowerteene ounces 
of bullion, which he confest he had dipt, and he exchanged part 
of itt with this informant for 2 silver spoones ; which bullion this 
informant delevered to Mr. Peables last Thursday, and, haveinge 
received a gratuity of Mr, Peables, for his discovery, of eight 
halfe crownes, he carried the same to the said Auty, whoe 
dipt seven of them, and delivered them dipt into this informant's 

Jaine Fryer, of Leeds, sawc aboute 14 ounces of bullain in the 
hands of Daniell Auty, part whereof he exchanged with Wm. 
Fryer, her husband, for two silver spoones; and the same day the 
said Wm. brought to Auty 8 halfe crownes, seaven of which the 
said Auty dipt that night, for she hearde the knopinge of them, 
being in the next roome. 

Wm. Batley, of Leed,^, June 2, 1675, saith, that Daniell 
Autye, late of Dewsbury, did come to his house, and desired him 
to procure of Mr. Beacham or any other 100/., or what other sum 
he could best procure for two or thre days, and he would allow 
this inform* reasonable profitt for the loane thereof, for the said 
Autye told him he could clipp about 3.?. of every pound, and doe 
it as well as any man in England could doe it, and further he 
told him that it was noe treason to talke of it. 

Mr. Wm, Frier, of Leeds, 11 June, 1675, saith, that he beinge 

* Daniel Awty was one of the most notorious tliieves and clippers in England. He 
was a native of Dewsbury, at that time one of the most disreputable villages in York- 
shire. The whole of his kith and kin seem to have been adepts in dishonest practices. 
Awty was frequently in gaol for clipping money, but, by marvellous good fortune, he 
escaped scathless. His name will occur more than once in this volume, especially in 
connection with the robbery of the communion plate at York Minster. The practice 
of deteriorating and clipping money was carried on to a most appalling extent. There 
was hardly a single silversmith who had not trafficked in such iniquitous bargains and 
devices, and it was occasionally necessary to make a very severe example of buyers as 
well as sellers. On one occasion a wealthy goldsmith, Arthur Mangey, the father of 
Thomas Mangey, a well known divine, was executed for this offence. 

Awty's life was passed in wickedness and crime, and ended in bloodshed. In 1702 
he was living at a farmhouse between Ripon and Thirsk, which he had fitted up as 
a place for coining. A son-in-law, called Busby, resided with him. A quarrel arose 
between the two about their illegal trade, and in the end Awty was murdered by his 
son-in-law. Busby was convicted, and was hung in chains near Sandhutton, and the 
gibbet was long known by the name of Busby-stoop. Thoresby saw the murderer 
hanging in chains in 1702, and speaks of Awty as having been a Leeds clothier. 


one at Wm. Shepley's house in Dewsbery, in the beginning of' 
May last, Alice Awty, wife of Edward Awty, of Dewsbery moore 
side, came to him, as he was sitting, and desired to speake with 
him privately, and she told him that she heard that he had 
delivered to Mr. Peoples a peice of bullion which he had re- 
ceived from her sonn Daniell Awty, and desired him, for the 
Lord's sake, that hee would keepe theire counscll, for if hee 
should att any time be discovered they was undone for ever, and 
in case he kept theire counsell, if att any time he brought a 
stolne horse or any thing else they would safely secure itt;* and 
further said that there was nothing that her sonn Daniell did but 
she knew of it as to that bussiness. 

June 16, 1675. Before Edw. Copley, Esq. Mr. Wm. Frier^ 
of Leeds, saith, that, being in the company of Richard 01droyd,t 
of Water yate, in Dewsbery, he told this informant that if he 
would att any time procure him moneys he would clipp it upon 
reasonable tearms. And, further, said tliat there was a neighbour, 
one Daniell Awty, could doe itt better then himselfe, and that he 
had sold severall peices of bullion to the goldsmith of Leeds, 
which was betwixt Daniell Awty and himselfe. He had fourty 
pounds in the hands of Mr. Peoples, of Dewsbery, clerk of the 
peace, which was granted him att Knaseborough sessions for his 
good service formerly done for the country, which said summe 
Richard Oldroyd told him, if he would intrust him with it, he 
would clipp it upon reasonable tearms, and that two shillings in 
the pound he could easily take of. And the aforesaid Rich. Old- 
royd invited him to come to Dewsbery, for he had a chamber 
that was very convenient for discovering the Ratchdale \ clothiers 
in Lancashire, which trade from thence to Wakefeild weekely, 
for the taking of theire moneys from them as they returned 
from theire markett, and that what prises he gott from them he 
would be very civill in his requitall. 

* 28 June, 1675, Wm. Batley, of Leeds, cloth dresser, confesses that Mercy Hutch- 
inson, Awty's sister, had given him money to bribe Freare, of Leeds, and that both had 
been ready to take it, and that Freare would not give evidence. Awty was then in 
York Castle. 

t A person of the same name, who bore the unenviable souhriquet of " The Devil of 
Dewsbury," was executed at York, in 1664, for his share in the Farneley wood plot. 
This person was probably his son. 

X The Lancashire clothiers carried their wares to Ijceds and the West Riding towns 
across the hills on pack-horses. 




May 6, 1675. Before Hen. Atkinson, Esq. Alice, loife of 
Christopher Outliwaite, of Saivley, mason* saitlithat, her husband 
keeping an ale house in Sawlcy, a man aged twixt 40 and 50 
yeares, and a young man aged about 17, upon Munday was fort- 
night, about three of the clocke in the afternoone, came into the 
house to drinke ale, and, the young man being sickly, the elder 
man desired her to warme a flaggon of ale for ye young man, and 
did shew himselfe very tender and care full over the young man, 
and stayed about three houres, and would have stayed all night, 
but this informant refused to lodge them, she dislikeing them by 
reason of their often whispering. And the man, now present att 
the time of her informacion takeing, who now saith his name is 
Robert Thomson, is, as she verily beleiveth, the same elder man. 
And, dureing their stay, they were talking of their journey, which 
they said was to Skipton in Craven; and, as she remembers, 
th'elder call'd the young man Jacke, and paid for him, and told 
the young man he might call him master. 

Jane, loife of John Tai/ler, of Buerley, smelter, saith that, on 
Tuesday was fortnight, two men came to her husband's house, he 
keeping an ale house, th'elder aged twixt 40 and 50 yeares, the 
younger about 17, and sickly; and they there drunke two flaggons 
of ale, and one pennyworth burnt for the young man, and they 
said they were to goe to Skipton; and, about two of the clocke, 
went away, th'elder paying sixepence ; and gave 6 boddells to the 
younger, which he also paid. And she saith a man was found 
dead about a quarter of a mile from her husband's house, about 
twelve score out of the road to Skipton, upon Tuesday was sen- 
night; whom she did see, lying in a hollow place twixt two little 
hills, his face and head so bruised that this informant could make 
noe discovery of the young man by his countenance ; but, by his 
hatt and apparell, she saith she verily beleiveth it was the young- 
man that was at her husband's house with the man now present, 
who saith his name is Robert Thomson, whom this informant did 
this day challenge in. the markett in Ripon, and charged him with 
the premisses, but he denyed all. 

* A murder at Bewerley near Ripon. From the evidence itseenia probable that the 
culprit had some very strong reason for getting the young lad out of the way. Thomp- 
son lived at Sutton Howgrave, and, in his defence, asserted that on the day and night 
in question he was .staying with his brother-in-law, John Metcalfe, at Thoralby, and 
that he knew nothing of the affair. Metcalfe, however, denies that he was at his house, 
and three witnesses speak to the fact of their seeing Thompson at or near Bewerley on 
the day of the murder, Thompson was probably executed. 


Richard Sill, of Bainhriijg, in Wensidaile, sayeth, he knows 
Robert Thompson very well, who is now suspected for the mur- 
deringe of his sonne John Sill, and beleives the same to be true, 
for that his sonne had given out in speeches that Robert Thomp- 
son had promissed him 51. if he would not appeare against him att 
Richmond sessions, which he agreed to, but beleives Robert did 
not yett pay it him, though he came severall tymes to deraaund it. 
And this deponent, further, sayth that upon the 14th instant he 
viewed the cloathes of the murdered personn, and upon the 15th 
viewed the body of the murdered personn, and findes it to be his 


May 11, 1675. Before Ro. Hutton, Esq. John Barnit saith, 
that John Melmerby,* of Brunton, neare Richmond, sold to 
Urseley, wife of Edward Wharton, of Harrigate, a piece of rowd 
ticking, some white ticking and also one rowle of ribin and one 
bunch of black thrid, all which was stolen out of a shoop att 
Newbaud, also a silver peper box, a silver mustard box, and a 
silver salt with a coote of armes cut on them which was thre 
combs,t and also a duzan of wood combs, all taken out of the 
pack of John Chambers, a Richmond carrier, at Burrowbridg. 
And the said John Barnit and Melmorby likewise sold to the said 
Urslay a silver taster, a silver tankard, which they with others 
tooke out of ye study of Doctor Samways,| of Beadall ; and they 
also sold two lased hankirchers and seaventy yeards of Indian 
sersnit for 261., which was taken out of ye said Chambers' packs. 

1675, July 21. Before Sir Joseph Cradock. Anne Wilkin- 
son, of Hartforth, spinsier, saith, that, about St. Thomas' day 
was a twelfthmonth, this ex* was spining woolen at the howse of 
John Wharton, att Catterick bridg-end, and she saw John Mel- 
merby, with three other of his comrades, bring into the house of 
the said John Wliarton two silver bowles, nine silver spoons, three 
silver tumblers, who sold the same to John Wharton and Elizabeth 

* A notorious burglar and highway robber, who, after several escapes, was sent 
beyond the seas. I have already printed a deposition in which he is charged with 
having robbed Catterick Church. I now give two more charges against him, 

t The three combs were the arms of the family of Tunstall of WycliflFo. The novus 
homo of the house, according to tradition, was barber to William the Conqueror, and 
his descendants were not ashamed to show tho allusion to the office of their ancestor 
on their shield. 

X Dr. Samways was a person of high preferment, as well as of literary distinction. 
But more of him elsewhere. 


his daughter. Which was the plate of Captain Eobinson's, of 
Kirby Hill, as the said Melmerby then said, and, that the said 
Melmerby with his companions did light a candle in the house of 
the said Captain Robinson and eat a pye in the same house before 
they came out, as the said John Melmerby said. 


Jan. 11, 1675-6. These are to certifie whome it may concerne, 
that I, Robert Ashburne, of Yorke, booke-seller,* travelling from 
Whitgift to Yorke, in my way at a place commonly called Hayle 
Mill, neare Holden, found a man, whitch I suppose to be a tinker, 
in a ditch, and a woman pulling him out; which woman exprest 
these wordes, that it was a good deed to suffer the man to drownd 
himselfe, for he had like to have killed her yesterday, and that he 
had killed a man at the other end of the towne, and willfull 
murther would out. 


March 3, 1675-6. Before Sir Henry Thompson, Kt. and Rich- 
ard Robinson, Esq. Peter SJcipioith,} aged about 14, saith, that 

* An impostor who was probably playing a trick to attract the sympathy and loose the 
purse strings of some wayfarer. The following note, relating to the case, is in the 
handwriting of Mr. Robinson of Thicket. " Upon this writing of Ashburne's, this 
tinker was brought before me by the constable of Howden, and, upon examination, I 
found him to have been long an incorrigible rogue ; so that, partly for his roguish 
kind of life, and partly upon this charge, I committed him to the gaole. This tinker 
calles himselfe Thomas Wily, and sayes he dwelles at Barnsley. Ric. Robinson." 

f A deposition referring to John Nevinson, the famous highwayman, who is com- 
memorated in an old ballad, of which two stanzas may be taken as a sample : — 

" Did you ever hear tell of that hero. 
Bold Nevison that was his name ? 
He rode about like a bold hero. 

And with that he gained great fame. 

" He maintained himself like a gentleman, 
Besides he was good to the poor ; 
He rode about like a bold hero, 

And he gain'd himself favour therefore." 

Nevinson may be appropriately called the Claude Duval of the North. The story 
of his ride from London to York is too well-known to be repeated, and even Lord 
Macaulay introduces him into his history of England. The depositions now given are 
imperfect, so that we cannot well tell what the crime was for which Nevinson was con- 
demned in 1675-6. He was, however, reprieved, together with a woman of the name 
of Jane Nelson, in the expectation that he would discover his accomplices. The hope 


the letter now shewed unto him, beginning " Intillmen," for 
Gentlemen, and underwritten, " Old Bomcocke," was of his 
writing; and that his mother told him what he should write; 
and beleeves that his father, George Skip with, first told his 
mother what should be written. And that his father and one 
Mr. Tankered had wont to sport with one another about balm- 
cockes, and, therefore, the said Tankered called his father Bom- 
cock, and his mother wisht him to subscribe the letter Old 
Bomcock. And, as to the figures underneath the letter, viz. 
ii. 10 10, he saith that the latter should have been put out, and 
that the two former figures of ii. and 10 were intended for the 
one and twentieth day of February. 

George Skipivilh, of Iloicden, saith, that the letter above-men- 
tioned by Peter Skip with, was written by his sonn at his appoint- 
ment; and that the meaning of that letter written to Mr. Brace 
or Bracey was, that the abovenamed Tankered and Brace, or 
Bracy, would perform theire promise made to him, which was to 
pay to his wife 19s. 2d., which they owed to her. And that he 
caused the letter to be signed Old Bomcock. And further saith 
that the reason of those words in the letter, viz: " It is very hard 
if nothing redound to me out of such a summe as between fewer 
and five hundred pounds, and that I do expect every day to be 
carried to prison, or else my house to be broken up by execution, 
and my wife and children thrown into the street," was, because 

Brace, or Bracy, and Tankered had promised to lend him 

pounds, and that they would pay his debts, and that if he would 
keepe their counscll he should never want. And sayes he knowes 
no persons likely to be highwaymen save Tankered and Brace or 
Bracey: and that Tankered's aboad is for the most part at 

seems to have been a vain one, and the pardoned culprit was draughted into a regi- 
ment destined for Tangier. He soon deserted from it, and we shall meet with him 

It seems to have been a custom among the highwaymen to have receiving houses in 
different parts of the country. This put them at the mercy of the receivers, and they 
were obliged to conciliate them by gifts. 

A life of Nevinson has been published, which is excessively rare. 

There are several scarce pamphlets describing robberies and other crimes that took 
place about this time in Yorkshire, in some of which, perhaps, Nevinson played his 

" Bloody news from Yorkshire : or the great robbery committed by twenty high- 
waymen upon fifteen butchers, iis they were riding to Northallerton fair." 4to. 
London. lt)74, 

" A true relation of the proceedings at York assizes, with an account of the con- 
demnation of the young man who murdered another man's wife near Leeds." 4to. 
London. 1677. 

" A full and true relation of a most barbarous and cruel robbery and murder com- 
niitled by six men and one woman, near Wakefield, in Yorkshire." 4to. London. 


Mr. Wright's, in Lincolnsliire, at some town nigh nnto Gains- 
borough. And that he and Brace, or Bracy, do often frequent 
Wentbridge, at Robert Blowes his house there; and they often- 
times lodge at Tuxford, at Mr. Eodes his house there; and that 
they are men who live by robbing ; but knowes no particular man 
they did rob, onely Tankered told him about halfe a yeere since 
that they had taken about 100/. or 150/. from Botterill, a barley- 
buyer, at or about Brighan^-baulke~end. And the said Tankered, 
at Mrs. Freer's house in Howden, asked if he knew of any man 
that had 100/. or 200^. to get, for they lived by their witts and 
wanted at that time. And the said Tankered, further, urged him 
to have informed them of some of his neighbors that had money, 
or, however, to keepe theire counsell, which he promised to do. 
He beleeves that Tankered's right name may be Thomas Pearson, 
and saith that Blowes at Wentbridge, and Rodes at Tuxford, can 
inform their names and places of aboad. And this ex* being 
asked where he was when absent from Howden severall dayes 
about the time of the robbery committed in the West Riding, he 
saith that he was at Hillam for the most part of those dayes, but 
first went to Wentbridge to seeke out Tankered and Brace, or 
Bracy, but could not finde them. And saith that he knows 
Brace, or Bracy, and Tankered to be companions, and thinks 
that Brace, or Bracy, his true name to be John Nevison; and 
that somtime heertoforc he lived at Agnes Burton, and hath an 
uncle lives therabouts, and that this Nevison is now married and 
lives beyond Pontefi'act. And he saith that Tatikered bid him 
come to him at Blowes' house in Wentbridge, and he would lend 
him some money, and accordingly he went the last summer to 
him, but Tankered pretended he then wanted money, and so got 
none of him. He further saith that Mistresse Blowes, at Went- 
bridge, told him that they, meaning Brace and Tankered, had got 
a good summe of money. And this was after the robery com- 
mitted in the West Riding. And she further told him that the 
country laughed at the excisemen, saying they had robbed them- 
selves, but she beleeved they were robbed by Tankered and Brace, 
or Bracy, and their companions, for that Tankered, since the 
robbery, had paid them off their reckonings, and Tankered 
and Brace had either of them bought horses of thirty pounds a 
peece : and, besides these horses, Tankered had bought an horse 
of 30/. price upon the Woldes. Lastly, he saith that Edmund 
Brace, or Bracy, is a companion of Tankered, alias Pearson, and of 
John Brace, or Bracy, alias Nevison, and lives at Ragnall, four 
miles from Tuxford, and he thinkes that he also goes by the 
name of Nevison. 



March 16, 1675-6. Before Sir Richard Osbaldeston, Kt. 
Charles Chauncy, of Burlington, gent. ^* saith that, upon the first 
of this instant, he went by the comand of his captaine, Andrewe 
Hayes, to search the house of John Constable, Esq., being a 
Papist, for horses .... And upon his search he seisd two 
gueldings . . . mare, and two fowleing pieces. And in his 
search .... one who was sett in a roome ne .... to another 
roome, where there was a table spread with a linnen cloath : and 
at one end a surplice, and at another end a vestment, which he 
believ'd belong'd to a Popish preist. And this informant re- 
turnd with Mr. Constable to his cap ... at Burlington, who then 
.... that he had seized the said person. Whereupon this in- 
formant took horse immediately and went to Mr. Constable's 
house againe, and there found and seized the said person, who 
then called himselfe John Acklam, with the surplice and vest- 
ments, and carrycd them all to his captaine at Burlington. And 
then he searched the said party who called himselfe Acklam (and 
found) a ring of brasse, with tenne small notches and a large one ; 
a tinne box, wherein was sevcrall wafers or parts of wafers with 
impressions upon them, with two written letters, and some notes 
about paying of mild moneyes for guineyes, with some other 
papers. But afterwards he was told that the said party who 
called himselfe Acklam was one John May, and was looked upon 
to be a Popish priest. 


March 30, 1676. Before Walter Hauksworth, Esq. Alexander 

* The penal statutes against the Roman Catholics were at this time very vigorously 
enforced. The houses of the gentry were being constantly searched for horses and 
arms; the oath of allegiance was frequently put to them; and they were subjected, 
generally, to much harsh treatment. We cannot understand, in these days, the fever 
of anxiety which was excited by the real or pretended plots that were then being 
brought to light. 

The officer'scvidencc is confirmed by a serjeant of the name of James Lawson. 
The prisoner, who signs his deposition witli the name of John May, says that he 
been called so for 30 years. Ho denies that bo is a priest. He says that he was born 
at a single house called Ash im Blakosuioor. Ho confesses that the box and its con- 
tents are bis own proj^crty, and says that the vestments and other things l)olong to 
Mr. Constable, and that "most of the Popish gentlemen have such." 


Squire, of IlMeij, deposeth,* that, upon Fryday, in the night of 
the 17th day of March, about one of the clocke, his dwelHng- 
house was broken open, and that thre persons entred his said 
house, one of which persons came to him with an ax, threatning 
to murder him, and gave him many sore blows. And this in- 
formant got hold of the head or web of the ax, and said " I fear 
God and not man," and strugled with him, and got hold of one 
of his hands, and held it to save himselfe from being murthered, 
and felt it was a very soft hand. He was a tall man. And 
another of the said persons went to his daughter, Elizabeth Bee- 
croft, being in bed in a roome near adjoyning, and would have 
smothered her in the bed cloths. And one of the said persons, 
being a tall man, broke open a cupboard and a deske and tooke 
from thence above 21. 10.«. and a little peice of beefe. And on 
their goeing away they left behind them one iron gavelocke, one 
staff, and a wood wedge. There were other persons att the doore 
whom he heard whistle when they went away. And, the said 
persons being gone, he went to one Jane Beanlands, who that 
night lodged in his barne adjoyning to his house, and asked her 
if she heard nothing; to which she replied that about one of the 
clocke that night she heard Mr. Thomas Ileber, of Hollinghall, and 
Wm. Hudson, of Ilkley, shoemaker, their voyces near the doore, 
and presently heard a great rushing or noise att the doore, as if it 
were in breaking open. And this informant saith that afterward 
the above mentioned staffe was knowne to belong to the said 
Thomas Heber, who did afterward challeng the same to be his. 
And the said Thomas Heber was within his house when the 
burglary was committed, and he did well perceive him by the 
light of the moone depart out of his house. 

Elizahetli Beecroft saith, that Mr. Thomas Heber came to her 
father's house, the Thursday next after the said burglary com- 
mitted, and told her that he knew the persons had robbed her 
father, and likewise told her how they broke the cuj)board-doore 
with a gavelocke att two knocks, and the deske with a wedge; 
and likewise said they would never have robbed the house had 
they knowne there had beene no more money in it then was found. 

* A deposition which connects a Craven gentleman with a very serious offence. 
The Hebers of Holling-hall were a younger branch of the family at Marton. I do not 
know what was the result of the ease, but it is probable enough that, in spite of the 
suspicious circumstances against him, Mr. Heber was acquitted. The Yorkshire 
juries were singularly lenient to the county gentlemen. It was easy enough to put 
their lives in jeopardy by false testimony. 

Mr. Heber acknowledged that the staff found in the house was his own, but denied 
any knowledge of the burglary. The gavelock was sworn to by its owner, having 
been lent by him to a man of the name of Bibby. Beecroft swore to Pollard on 
account of a peculiar stutter in his voice. 


Elhaheth Longfelloio, of IMpij, saith tliat she went into the house 
of Josias Laycocke, of Ilkley, alehouse-keeper, and one Walter 
Pollard of Ilkley, being one suspected for the breakeing of Alex- 
ander Squire's house, was drinking in company. The said 
Pollard asked her how she did, and further said, " I am now 
makcing Bess Squire halfe crownes Hy." (She being then called 
by the name of Squire, since married to one Kichard Beecroft.) 


A true bill against John Kay, of Leeds, clerk, for practising 
medicine* without a license on May 1, 1676, Also, against 

* A special licence was I'equired to enable any one "to pi-actise medicine," but the 
study of it has at all times been a favourite pursuit among the clergy, and for a very 
good reason. A line in the epitaph of John Favour, vicar of Halifax, who died in 
1623, thus summarily gives the three accomplishments in which he was a match for 
any one in his extensive parish : 

Theologus, Medicusque obiit, Jurisque peritus. 

Among the Puritan ministers a knowledge of medicine was very common, and, after 
the black Bartholomew Act, many of them threw up their gowns and adopted that 
profession. Some of the gentlemen mentioned in the bill were not Puritans. Mr. Kay, 
of Leeds, was a great friend of Ralph Thoresby, the antiquary, who frequently mentions 
him in his Diary. 

About Matthew Robinson, the vicar of Burneston, and his acquaintance with medi- 
cine, there is a long account in the life of that gentleman which has been published 
by Mr. Mayor of Cambridge. In the following extract it will be seen that Mr. Robin- 
son removed at least one cause of complaint which properly-appointed physicians had 
against him. 

" Many well knew that he was brought up a physician, and therefore consulted him 
in their distempers and infirmities. Amongst many gentlemen thus applying to him, 
was Sir Joseph Cradock, the commissary of the Archdeaconry of Richmond, who often 
consulted him for himself and family with great success; but, finding him shy and 
nice in writing bills or anything that looked like a professed physician, he sent to him 
under the seal of the office a licence to practice physic, that he might not have any 
excuses longer, and this proved to him a great unhappiness. For he was sent for by 
some dukes and peers, with many baronets, knights, and great men, upon that account; 
some of whom (as being at too great a distance,) he absolutely refused ; others he was 
induced to gratify, that of friends he might not make them enemies. Insomuch that 
in short time he had but little time left him to his own studies, being three or four 
days per week, and often more, carried unwillingly abroad to visit patients ; and, 
when he was at home, his house was much visited by friends of the best quality. 

" In his medicinal practice ho had prodigious success, especially in the checking and 
curing of consumptions, being well instructed from his own hectical constitution, as 
well .as from books. And in that he had a peculiar method of his own, known then to 
few or none, but such as after took it up from him. No man had a steadier judgement 
of pulses and patients, for he could see danger at a great distance, and rarely missed 
in his prognostications ; an<l, therefore, in all such cases he pressed the counsels of 
abler physicians. And though he refused to undertake the cases of many patients, 
seeing them desperate, he never denied any to join in counsel with the most learned 


Kicliard Hiimber, of Midlam, gen.; Matthew Robinson, of Bur- 
niston, clerk; Thomas Bonnell, of Hunsingore, clerk; and John 
Coar, of Tong, clerk; for the same oiFence. 


Aug. 14, 1676, Before Yorke Horner, Lord ]\Iayor of York. 
Thomas Tliomas, of Yorhe, g^n., sayth, that, within twelve dajes 
past, he see Samuell Banckes,* of this Citty, writeinge-master, act 
in the office of a Roman preist within his owne house, and that 
he see him say masse in his owne person, haveinge upon him the 
robes of a preist at that tyme before an alter, and that he see the 
wyne in the Sacrament in his hand, severall people to the number 
of about seaventeene beinge then present. 


Sep. 13, 1676. Before Sir Joseph Cradock, Kt. James Dar- 
nell, of Srompton-supe7'-Sicayle,'\ saith, that comeing with two 
horse load of cheeses, which he had bouglit att Manchester, on 
Thursday, the 7th instant, he went homeward, when it was darke; 
and as he came to the turne of the laine that goeth to Killerby 
causey, 2 men rideing very fast overtook him, and stroke att him, 
as fast as they could, one after another. And this informant de- 
fending himself by lifting his armes above his head, his armes 
were thereby exceedingly bruised, as appeared att the time of this 
informacion given, they being both black and blew. At last he 

physicians of the land ; often reporting those odd cases of patients even to the college 
of physicians by a polite Latin pen, whereof he was a great master, as well as of the 
Latin tongue." 

But I must stop. I may give here, appropriately enough, what a Doncaster physician 
says about himself : — 

" Feb. 17, 1651-2. Mr. Wm. Gray, of Doncaster, sayth that he is noe phisition 
quallifyed according to the lawes of the land, but is a chirurgeon and hath served his 
father, and hath beene bred in the art of surgery under his father, and that he giveth 
phisick to divers that doe desire him, and that he thinkes itt lawfuU for him soe to 
doe, butt that he doth not assume to himselfe the name of a doctor of phisick, though 
some people doe give him that title." 

* Another proof of the active measures that were being now taken against the 
Roman Catholics. The accused person denies the charge. 

■f- A case of highway robbery. A man called John Barnet, who had just been re- 
leased from York Castle, where he had been burned in the hand, was charged with 
the offence. The prosecutor swears to some money that was found in Barnet's posses. 
sion, also to some cheese, and to the bridle of the robber's horse. Barnet, who lived at 
Newsham, was in all probability convicted. 



fell of his horse, and then they, or one of them, bvirst open his 
drawers, and putt their, or one of their, hands into his private 
pocket, which was within his breeches, and took out thereof above 
40^., a carvatt, a handcherchief, the key of his chist and some 
papers, and left this informant for dead: who laid soe till the 
next morning he found they had cutt the wanty that tyed his 
pack fxst to his panyers, which he found was fallen downe, and 
most of his cheeses throwne abroad, of which he wanted two or 
three, and perceived a great quantity of blood that had come 
from the wounds in his head. 


Feb. 9, 1676-7. Before Sir Philip Musgrave, Bt. TJiomas 
Walton, of Aid stone moore, gent.,* saith, that, being in the com- 
pany of Lionell Walton, of the Bridge end, his son John Walton, 
etc., and discoursing about a minister, Mr. Burnard, who related 
to this informer some discourse that past betwixt himselfe and one 
John Wahon of Gateshead concerning the Church of England, 
which Church Mr. Burnand held to be a true church, the said 
John Walton denied it. The company now present said they 
thought that John Walton was in the right. They did also en- 
deavour to prove by arguments that the Church of England was 
a false Church; namely, The Kinge is a foresworne man, then 
how could he establish a true church : that the Church of England 
is eronious, and therefore could not be a true church : and that a 
corrupt tree cannot bring forth good fruite, the Church of Eng- 
land is universily corrupt, therefore it cannot be a true church. 
They did also affirme that the Church of England was goeing on 
the broad way to destruction. They alsoe said that if the Church 
of England went to heaven, hell would be very empty. They 
alsoe affirmed and tooke in hand to prove that those that used the 
Comon Prayer would be dammed. They endeavoured to prove 
it out of some text in the Collossians, chap. 2*^, 21 and 22 ver. 

Northumberland, 1677. Wm. Ridley, of Crawhall, Esq., and 

* A severe attack upon the Church of England. Some objection, however, may be 
taken to the logic ! 


Truth Ills wife, Arnold Burdett, of Williamontswlck, gent., and 
Katharine his wife, Ealph Ridley, of Waltowne, gen., Robert 
Errington, de eadem, gen., Thomas Arinestrong, of Bradley, 
yeoman, and Margaret his wife, Wm. Smyth, of Housesteads, yeo- 
man, and Mary his wife, Andrew Jopling, of Newlands, yeo., and 
Mary his wife, John Gill, de eadem, yeo., and Elizabeth his wife, 
Richard and Thomas Gibson, of Corbridge, yeo., Cuthbert Huds- 
peth, de eadem, yeo., Elizabeth Algood, de eadem, spinster, Ka- 
therine Sympson and Isabella, wife of Henry Forster, de eadem, 
Thomas Riddell, of Fenham, Esq., Edward Widdrington,of Felton, 
Esq., and Dorothy his wife, Robert Brandling, of Alnwicke abbey, 
Esq., John Smythworth, alias Smurfitt, of Alnwick, gen., Edward 
Strother, of Alnwicke, gen., Mary wife of James Rutherford, de 
eadem, yeo., Anne wife of Henry Farey, de eadem, Robert An- 
derson, de eadem, yeoman, John Sanderson, de Parke, yeo., Wm. 
Ord, of Grange, gen., Elizabeth Ord, of Grange, widow, Henry 
Widrington, of Ritton, gen., Henry Thornton, of Witton Sheilds, 
gen., Wm. Thornton, of Netherwitton, gen., Cuthbert Fenwicke, 
of South Midleton, gen., Elizabeth Atkinson, de eadem, Bar- 
tholomew Wintrees, of GallowhiU, yeoman, Sir John Swinburne, 

of Capheaton, Bart., John Fenwicke, of Denham, gen., 

Withrington, of Westharle, spinster. Dame Cristiana Widrington, 
of Cartington, widow. Dame Mary Charleton, de eadem, widow, 
Francis Widdrington, of Heapall, gen., Wm. Hall, of Kestron, 
gen., Grace Snawden, of Bickarton, — ■ — Greene, of Healle, 
widow, Wm. Robson, de eadem, Roland Robson, de eadem, yeo- 
man, Bernard Romney, of Rothberry, yeo., Richard Wilson, de 
eadem, yeo., Alex. Watson, de eadem, yeo., Matthew Robson, of 
Thropton, yeo., Thomas Selby, of Bittleston, Esq., Charles Selby, 
of Farnham, yeoman, Thomas Clennall, of Clennall, Esq , Mary 
Hall, de eadem, spinster, Robert Browne, of Allanton, yeo., Lan- 
celot Ord, of Wetwood, gen., Catherine Anderson, de eadem, 
Matthew Coxon, of Woolaw, yeo., Wm. Hall, of Durtrees, yeo., 
Margaret Collingwood, of Lanton, Robert Gray, of Berehall, gen., 
William Errington, of Beaufront, Esq., John Thirlewall, of New- 
biggin, Esq., Wm. Welken, of par. Hexham, yeo., Nicholas 

Welken, de eadem, Carnaby, of Nabbock, widow, Benony 

Carre, of Hexham, yeo., Philip & Thomas JeiFerson, de eadem, yeo., 
Mary wife of Robert Hutchinson, yeo., Wm. Hutchinson, yeo., 
Thomas Kirsopp, yeo., Mathew Younger, yeo., Richard Gibson, 
Sadler, John Cooke, yeo., George Gibson, yeo., Jane Dickinson, 
widow, John Armestrong, yeo., Margaret Dickinson, widow, 
Barbara Stewart, widow, Ann Blenkinsopp, spinster, Bridget wife 
of John Fenwicke, yeo., Laurence Cooke, yeo., George Nixon, 

Q 2 


yeo., Thomas Noble, yeo., Richard Lambert, yeo., John Heron, 
yeo., all of Hexham, Bartrara Oddy, of the Hermitage, yeo., John 
Bartram, sen. and jini., of Hexhamshyre, yeo., Wm. Thornton, of 
Witton, gen., Wm. Errington, of Wallicke grainge, gen., Mark 
Grey, of Heslysyde, gen., Thomas Mountney, of Stonecroft, gen., 
Thomas IMorraley, of Morraley, gen.. Sir Francis Eatcliflfe, of 
Develstone, Bart., and Catharine his wife, Allan Swinburne, of 
NalFerton, gen., John Halsell, of Ovingham, gen., James Fen- 
wicke, of Spittall, par. Ovingham, gen., George Collingwood, of 
Eslington, Esq., Ralph Clavering, of Callolee, Esq., Thomas Rid- 
dell, of Unthanke, gen., Wm. Fenwicke, of Bywell, Esq., Robert 
Fenwicke, de eadem, gen., Katherine Fenwicke, de eadem, spin- 
ster, Lancelot Newton, de Stocksfeild hall, gen., William Lord 
Widrington, of Widrington, and Bridget Lady Widi'ington, 
Ambrose Fenwicke, of Matfin, gen., Gerrard Fenwicke, de eadem, 
gen., Llenry Grey, of Betchfeild, gen., Wm. Widrington, of Boot- 
land, gen. 


Jan. 3, 1677-8. Before Thomas Hesletyne, Esq. Dorothij Bil- 
ton, of Iluhy, «'^Wo»',* saith, that, about February last, John Mais- 
terman, of Huby, came to this informant, and desired her and 
Wm. Sergeant to burne Mr. Sampson's gate of his close called 
Booncroft, and did offer to give each of them \2d. a peice for soe 
doeing, but they did refuse to doe it. And Thomas Harland, 
and Aune his wife, did severall tymes, about two yeares since, 
importune this informant and John Myers to disguise themselves ; 
and, to that end, did proffer to fiu-nish this informant with a 
perriwigg, and the said John Myers with a visard mask, and 
they to lay in waitc att a place called Slecarre gate, neare Huby; 
and there to knock downe the said Mr. Sampson from his horse 
as hee came from Yorke. 

Jolin Mijcrs, of Huhij^ yeoman, saith, that, in INIarch was a 
twelve moneth, hee by the direccion of Thomas Harland, of Huby, 
and with the knowledge of John Maistcrman, did carry about 

* A case of conspiracy and arson that presents some singular features. A person of 
the name of Harland, living in Huby, wishes to annoy and get rid of his neighbour, a 
Mr. Sampson, and, on that account, he troubles him as much as he can. He burns 
down one of his gates, and tries to induce the villagers to do him further injury, pro- 
mising to stand between them and harm. It is amusing to find an old woman saying 
that he wished to put a wig upon her, and to convert her into a highway robber. 


nyne or ten kidcls of wliinns, and lay tliem to a gate of Jolm 
Sampson, Esq., and, about twelve or one of the clocke in tlie 
niglit tyine, did carry fyre in an eartlien pott, and placed it among 
the whinns, whereby the said gate was burnt down. And, about 
a moneth after the bu.rning the said gate, the aforesaid Thomas 
Harland did advise and direct this informant to prepare a squybb, 
and to throw the same in att the window of the lod2;eino; room of 
the said John Sampson in the night tyme, when the said Mr. Samp- 
son was asleep in bedd; and, alsoe, to sett fyre on about threescore 
kidds of whinns then lying nigh to a spring of wood of the said 
Mr. Sampson's in Huby, that it might bee burnt. And then the 
said. Harland told this informant that thereby the said ]\Ir. Samp- 
son would bee soe affrighted that hee would leave the towne, and 
then the inheritance wilbe our owne. 


July 30, 1678. At Elswick, before Ealph Jenison, Esq. Wil- 
liam Berrij and Thomas Bowman,^ say, that, on Satturday, the 
10th of November last past, betwixt two and three of the clocke 
in the morning, the good shipp or barke, called the Margarett of 
Leath, wherof John Finley was then maister, came on shoare 
at Seaton seas, at the port of Blyth's nuke. And they being in 
dainger to be lost, and the shipp in dainger to be suncke or 
broke, the passengers being afraid of ther lives, being a dossin or 
sixteene in number, would not stay aboard the said shipp, but 
were sett ashoare. And before the shipp's company could returne 
againe to there shipp, one William Creswell of Creswell, gent., 
and John Boult and William Curry, booth of Bedlinton, came 
aboard the said shipp, and brooke open the doores and hatches, 
and went downe into the hould ; and did likewise breake open 
severall trunkes and boxes, and tooke away severall goods, which 
these deponents doe conceive to be worth at least 200^. 


Dec. 2, 1678. Before Bradwardine Tindall, of Brotherton, Esq. 
John Megan, of Brotherton, saith, that Daniell O'Farrell, ales 

* A ship goes ashore near Blyth Nook, on the Northumbrian coast, and the wreckers 
make it their prey. Among them was Mr. Cresswell of Cresswell. The crew, it will 
be observed, had deserted the vessel. The coast of that county is a very dangerous 
one, and mishaps very frequently occur there. 


Moore,* came into his house, the 24th of November, beinge the 
Lord's day, and called for a llaggon of ayle. The said John 
Megan beinge then reading in a sermon booke, he interrupted 
him, and said he would give him a flaggon of ayle if he would 
sing him a Scotch songe ; and rather then he should want a song 
he would give him a shilling. But Megan denying to sing, he 
asked him " what newes?" Megan said, he must know that of 
him, because he supposed he was lately come from London. 
He then said that the Kinge had throwne up his crowne to the 
Parliament, and they to chuse who shoiild weare it. How doe 
you like that? And said there would be a change, and that you 
will see shortly. And made insulting jeasts and severall other 

Daniell o' Farrell, alias Moore, saith, that hee came into Eng- 
land halfe a yeare agone. In which time hee hath been in 
London, for the most, and served one Mr. John Fitzgerrard, a 
resident with the Venitian Ambassador. Hee received a little 
paper, now showne to him, in which is mencioned " ]\Ir. Hare- 
court ten masses, &c.," from Mr. Fitzgerrard aforesaid. Hee was 
borne in Ireland, but bred up in Germany. Hee came mto this 
countrey to teach French and Italian and Dutch languages, and 
hee was travelling for that purpose, and for noe other intent. 


Dec. 9, 1678. At Brompton, before Sir Wm. Cayley and 
Wm. Cayley, Esq. jun. JoJm Reeves, his Majestie's suvvei/o?', or 
ganger, for the towne of Whitby, saith, that upon the 7th instant, 
he was informed that JMatthew Lith,f of Sleights, being at a 

* A suspicious person is arrested, This was an evil time for the Roman Catholics, 
and every strange looking person was stopped. O'Ferrall was in York Castle in 
July 1679. Mr. Harcourt was one of the victims in the Plot. 

f An aged Roman Catholic priest is arrested near Whitby. He was condemned to 
death at the York assizes, and was actually hanged, drawn, and quartered. 

There has at all times, since the Reformation, been a strong body of Roman Catho- 
lics near Whitby and Egton. Mr. Postgate is said to have worked among them for 
more than fifty yeai-s. 

A witness of the name of Wm. Cockerill deposed that he heard Lith say, " Wee 
should have a sorrowfull Christmass, a bloody Fastnes, and a joyfull Easter." Henry 
Cockerill said he went with Reeves, and that Lith tried " to hide Postgate by standing 
before him untill the said Reeves did pull him away." Both say that Postgate was a 
reputed priest. Two women of Whitby, who had become Protestants, depose that they 
heard Postgate say mass, at John Hodgson's, at Biggin-house, near Ugthorpe, at 
Thomas Pattinson's, at Ugthorpe, and at Timothy Lyth's, near Grosmont Bridge. 


wedding, should speake these words, " You talk of Papists and 
Protestants, but, when the roast is ready, I know who shall have 
the first cutt." Upon notice whereof, this informer thought him- 
selfe obliged to search the said Matthew's house, which accord- 
ingly he did upon the 8th instant, supposeing that some armes or 
ammunicion might be found there, the said Matthew and his 
family being all Papists. And he saith that though he was in- 
terrupted by the said Matthew, he did finde a supposed Popish 
preist there (called Postgate), and, alsoe, Popish bookes, relicks, 
wafers, and severall other things, all which the said Postgate 
owned to be his. The said Postgate said that he was called 
Watson, but afterwards being called by others by the name of 
Postgate, he owned that to be his right name. 

A^icholas Postgate, about the age of fourscore years, saith that, 
about 40 yeares since, he lived at Saxton with the Lady Hungate, 
untill she dyed. And, since, he hath lived with the old Lady 
Dunbar, but how long it is since he knoweth not. Of late he 
hath had noe certaine residence, but hath travailed about among 
his friends. Being demanded whether he be a Popish priest or 
noe, he saith, " Let them prove it," and would give noe other 
direct answer. Being demanded how he came by, and what use 
he made of the bookes, wafers, and other things which were found 
with him, and which hee owned, he saith that some of them were 
given him by Mr. Goodricke, a Roman Catholicke, and other 

The following account of Postgate's death is taken from Chaloner's Memoirs of the 
Missionary Priests. 

"The day allotted for his triumphant exit was the 7th of August, 1679; on which 
day, in the morning, amongst other visiters, went to see him Mrs. Fairfax, wife to 
Mr. Charles Fairfax of York, and Mrs. Meynel of Kilvington. These ladies having 
done their devotions, went together to his room, to take their last leave of him, and to 
crave his blessing. The confessor, seeing them in great concern, whereas he was 
chearful, came up to them, and laying his right hand upon the one and his left upon 
the other, they being both at that time big with child, he spoke these words to them : 
Be of good heart, children, you shall both he delivered of sons, and they will he both 
saved. Immediately after he was laid upon a sledge, and drawn through the streets 
to the place of execution, where he suffered with great constancy. The two ladies 
were soon after brought to bed of sons, who were both baptized, and both died in their 

" He was executed according to sentence ; his quartered body was given to his 
friends and interr'd. One of his hands is preserved in Douay College. The follow- 
ing inscription was put upon a copper plate, and thrown into his coffin : 

" ' Here lies that reverend and pious divine. Dr. Nicholas Postgate, who was edu- 
cated in the English college at Doway. And after he had laboured fifty years (to the 
admirable benefit and conversion of hundreds of souls) was at last advanced to a glo- 
rious crown of martyrdom at the city of York, on the 7th of August, 1679, having been 
priest 51 years, aged 82.' 

"The unhappy Reeves who, apprehended him, never had the 2QI. reward which he 
looked for ; but, after having suffered for some time an extreme torture in body and 
mind, was found drowned in a small brook." 


some by one Mr. Jowsie,* a supposed Komisli priest, both wbicli 
are dead; and that hoe made use of them by disposeing them to 
severall persons who desired them for helping their infirmities. 
Being demanded why he named himself, att the first, Watson, he 
saith that he hath sometimes been soe called, his grandmother on 
his father-side being soe called, and he being like that kindred. 


Dec. 17, 1678. Before John Assheton and Henry Marsden, 
Esqrs. Capt. Thomas Hehar sayth, that, beeing att Skipton, in 
the of Robert Michell, upon tlie 13th instant, a gentleman 
comeing thorow the roome wheare I, with some company ,t was 

* On Dec. 9, 1678, Andrew Jowsey, of Egton, was charged before Edward Trotter 
and Constable Bradshaw, Esqrs., with being a priest. He denies the fact. He will not 
take the oaths of allegiance and supremacy now offered to him. Matthew Morgan, of 
Egton, deposes to having heard Jowsey say that he was a priest, and that he had come 
from Ireland. Jowsey was acquitted. 

•f" Some depositions of great interest and value. The real or pretended plots that 
were now being discovered, all of which were said to be originated by the Eoman 
Catholics, filled the whole country with alarm. The most vigorous measures were 
taken by the executive, and a most virulent persecution commenced, which was fostered 
with the utmost energies of a few interested and pestilential informers. It is now 
pretty well ascertained that many of the accusations that were brought against Roman 
Catholics were base forgeries. There were many Roman Catholics, doubtless, who looked 
upon this period as a great crisis in the history of their religion, and who were fully 
prepared to undergo any penalty or peril to maintain it ; but, with the exception perhaps 
of a few cases, it was reserved for others to give the false colouring to their sjTnpathies 
and words and to array them in the garb of treason. It is pitiable to think that in the 
North, as well as in the South, there were wicked and untruthful men who sought to 
make capital out of the religious opinions of others which common Christian charity 
should have taught them to respect, and to build up their own fortunes upon the ruins 
of many loyal and noble houses. 

In these depositions we have a graphic account of the arrest of two ladies and a gen- 
tleman, all of whom were Roman Catholics. The gentleman was seized at a little inn 
at Skipton, in Craven. Some light is thrown upon the adventures of the party by the 
account of the trial of Sir Thomas Gascoigne. 

It seems to have been the desire of the Northern Roman Catholics to establish a 
Nunnery in Yorkshire, for the propagation of their religion. The place, in the first 
instance, marked out for it was Heworth, near York, the residence of a very ancient 
Roman Catholic family of the name of Thweng. Broughton Hall, in Craven, the re- 
sidence of Lady Tempest, was also spoken of. The place, however, that was ultimately 
selected was Dolbank, in the neighbourhood of Ripley, and there a nunnery seems to 
have been actually established, and endowed with yO/. per annum by Sir Thomas 

A Mrs. Lascells was appointed lady abbes.'s, and several other ladies are mentioned 
as becoming nuns, among whom were the two who were captured with the principal 
subject of the following depositions. Cornwallis himself, as we are told in the trial of 
Sir Thomas Gascoigne, was to be the father-confessor of the nuns. He also bore the 
name of Pracid, and several letters written by him under that name were produced at 
the trial of Gascoigne. Wiiat shifts the Roman Catholic priests were put to ! They 


sitting, I inquired of my landlord, Michell, who tlie gentleman 
was. Hee tould mee he knew nott, but hee would fetch him 
doune into my roome againe, if I pleased. I desired him to doe 
soe; and accordingly hee did. And the gentleman beeing set 
doune by mee, I asked him which way he travilled. Hee tould 
mee, to Broughton hall, and intended theire to inhabit. And hee 
likewise tould mee hee intended to follow his calling theire of 
pollishing glasses for prospectives and spectackles and mycroscops. 
I asked him wheare hee was borne, what was his name, and where 
hee had lived. To the first, hee answered hee was borne at Yorke, 
and that his name was John Cornewalls, and that hee had lived 
att London, butt came doune to York about six months since, and 
from Yorke hee was then travilling to Broughton hall, tlie joynter 
house of the Lady Tempest. Wheareupon hee offered to take his 
leave, butt I tould him I had something more to say, and then 
asked him what religion hee was of. Hee tould mee, perhaps hee 
was a seeker; which indirect answer gave mee occation to send 
for the captain of the gard. And by his assistance and the con- 
stabl's, we sought a trunk of the said Cornewallis, out of which 
were taken 5 letters, one in English, and 4 composed of Lattin, 
Greeke, and Heberu. Which letters, with the prissoner, wee sent 
by the constable of Skipton to John Assheton and Henery ]\Iars- 
den, Esqrs., two of his Magesty's justices of peace. And upon 
his examination, theire was 5 letters produced, which I verily 
beeleive was the same which I see taken out of the trunk att 
Skipton ; and the prisoner owned as much beefore the above named 

John Cornivallis, saith, that hee was borne in the city of Yorke, 
as he hath heard and verily believes, and was removed to Beverley 
about the third or fourth yeare of his age. And that he went to 
schoole in Holdernes, and did, about the age of 17, goe to London, 
and stayed there with some freinds, Roman Catholiques, about 
three yeares. And then he went to Paris, where he stayed about 
foure or five yeares, where he made perspective and other sort of 
glasses. And then he went from thence into Italay, to Florrence, 
and Siena, and from thence to Roome, where he stayed about 
three yeares and a halfe. And then he came back to Marcellis, 
where he stayd about halfe a yeare ; and from thence to Paris, 

became masters in the art of deception. They were obliged to be prepared for every 
emergency. They had an answer ready for every possible question. And thus they 
kept flitting up and down the country in strange dresses, and under feigned names, 
halting here and there at some chosen place, and leaving it before it was known that 
they had arrived. There was a great deal of romance in the life that they were obliged 
to lead. 


where he stayed about seaven or eight yeares, upon the same 
imploy of glasse makeing. He afterwards reterned back into 
England, about foure yeares since, and came to London, where he 
did reside till about May last, and did there continue his art about 
glasses, and did goe to severall Catholique houses and others 
where he did vend the same, by which he did support himselfe. 
And hee sayes he cannot declare any of the places of his residence 
in London, but the last place was nere Chareing Crosse, but re- 
members not the name of the house or the owner. And as to the 
five letters now showne unto him, they were in his custody, and 
hee received them at Catholique houses, but he is ignorant of the 
contents of every of them. And alsoe sayth hee hath not, nor had, 
any other letters, papers, or any other truncks, bookes, or goods 
at Skipton, or elsewhere, save what have beene now showne and 
produced, saveing his gowne, a paire of shooes and a cane. 

The same icitness, re-examined, sayth himselfe to be 41, or 
thereabouts. Hee was borne in Yorke, as hee hath heard say, 
and never knew his father; yett was brought up by frends at 
a schoole in Holdernesse, and cannott name them whoe they was 
that gave him his education; but sayth hee went to London 
younge, and there, of his owne industery, learned the art of 
makeing prospective glasses, spectacles, and looking glasses, here 
and there amonght workmen in London, and never was bound 
to the said calling. Hee confesses hee understands a little 
Lattin, not much, and resided in London from the time that 
hee was 18 or 19. Hee sayth himselfe to bee a Eoman Catho- 
licke, and, as he hopes to bee saved, he dcnyes to bee in any 
orders of priesthood or Jesuit; and likwise sayth it is not 
requisitt for him to say what Catholicks hee knows in London, 
or required of a magistrate to aske him such questions. That 
weare to discover and bring an odyum of such that hee knowes 
nothing but well by. His residence was in diverse places in 
London, and his last residence at London was neare Cheareing 
crosse. It is more then God Almighty requires to devulge the 
place of his last lodgings in London. But and syth hee came 
to Yorke from London in May last for his health, where his aboad 
hath beene since; and came downe in the company of ]\Ir. Jo. 
Stapleton of Wartcr, Mr. Hitch of Leathcy, and Mr. Shaw a 
marchant in York, in a coatch. Dcnycth his sister Cissyly Corne- 
wallis did come downe with him. Sine his coming to Yorke his 
lodging hath beene at halfe a doz. inns in Yorke ; and his last 
place of his inns was at Mr. Wharton's, gardincr, howse in the 
Fryars' garden, neare Tanner row, a Protestant. Hee came to 
Ski])ton because lu^ desired to su<>m>vnc at Brouii'hton in the 


joynter house of the Lady Tempest.* Hee was recommended 
thither, although hee had noe letter to any for it, by her Lady- 
shipp, daughter to Sir Tho. Gascoigne of Barnbowe, at whose 
howse hee hath beene twice since hee came to Yorke, and knowes 
Sir Thomas and his sonne and the Lady Tempest his daughter. 
The last-named it was that oiFerd this kindnesse to the ex*^ to 
give him entertainement at her house, the hall in Broughton in 
Craven, whither this ex* was goeing, and a sister and a cozen 
with him, namly his cozen Christina Anderton, of what place 
hee will not discover, for feare of doeing mischeifFe, as hee saytli 
hee is in conscience bound to conceale, and is an utter stranger 
to all hir relations in England. He sayth that the live letters 
now shewed unto him whereunto the name of Jo. Assheton and 
Hen. Marsden, Esqrs. is indorsed, weare in his trunkeat Skipton; 
but hee thinks that hee is not obliged to tell from whome he had 
them, and reiFuseth to declare further to that poynt.f 

Cacilia Corneicallis, spinster, sayth shee was borne in London, 
and was the daughter of one Francis Cornewallis, Esq. a SuiFolke 
gentleman, and her mother's name was Katherine Arrundell of 
the family of the Lord Arrundell of Warder, before shee maried 
her sayd father.| Her father dyed eleaven yeares agoe, about 
June last. She sayth that, since the now Dutchesse of Yorke 
came into England, her mother hath beene a retainer to her, and 
is yet, for any thing shee knowes to the contrary, in the quality 
of one of the women of her bed-chamber. She declares shee is 
about twenty-two yeares of age, and hath lived with her mother 
in London all her time, till about three monthes last past. Att 
which tyme shee received letters from one Mr. John Cornewallis 
and Mrs. Christiana Anderton, her relacions, liveing then in the 
city of Yorke, to desire her company to abide and reside with 
them there for some tyme. Upon which shee did then remove 
from London to Yorke, and did continue there ever since; and 
upon Wednesday last came from thence with the sayd Cornewal- 
lis and Anderton in the company of one Mathew Wharton, with 

* Broughton Hall, the ancient residence of the Tempests, was spoken of as the 
Nunnery. Lady Tempest was the daughter of Sir Thomas Gascoigne, and the widow of 
Sir Stephen Tempest. She was in all the troubles that came upon her father, and 
was tried at York for her life, but was acquitted. Before she was sent to York 
she was for some time a prisoner in the " Gatehouse," I have not found any account 
whatever of her trial. 

■f The witness and the two ladies were for some time in York Castle as suspicious 
persons. They refused to take the oaths of allegiance. 

X The evidence of these two ladies must be read with great caution. In the Calen- 
dar they were charged with having given a false account of themselves, and there seems 
to be little doubt that this was actually the case. 


Avliom tliey all last lodged at Yorke, and one John Wliarton, his 
brother, to Skipton, with intencion to reside at Broughton Hall 
in Craven, a house of the Lady Tempest, daughter to Sir Tho- 
mas Gascoigne of Barnbow, by agreement and appointment of 
the said Lady Tempest. She confesseth that shee hath beene 
acquainted with her cosen Anderton about nyne yeares, and with 
her cosen Cornew^allis about three yeares, and sometymes he 
used to pay some visits to her and her mother. And acknow- 
ledges that her mother, herselfe, her cosens Cornewallis and 
Anderton are and have beene Popish recusants, but knowes not 
her sayd cosen Cornewallis is or ever was in holy orders in the 
church of Roome. She doth acknowledge that her mother is 
sister to the now Lord Arrundell of Warder, but knowes nothing 
of the plott. 

Cicily Cormcallis sayth, shee was borne in Leicestershire at 
Ashby, and that her father and mother were Popish recusants, 
and that she is of that perswacion. Shee hath lived most at Not- 
tingham, Ashby, and Wollerhampton with an aunt, whose name 
was Butler, but her husband's Christian name shee remembers 
not, though he was her owne uncle by the mother side. For six 
monethes last past she hath lived in Yorke with one ]\Ir. Whar- 
ton, a gardiner, in the Shambles, and came thither in a hackney 
coach. Before her comeing to Yorke shee lived with the same 
aunt and uncle in the square in Southampton buildings, who 
were lodgers in one Mr. Conquest's house, within 2 or 3 dores of 
one Mr. Whitnell's house nere King's Street, for one yeare last 
past. She came to Yorke with her brother Cornewallis with a 
designe to inhabit at Broughton, in the house of one Dame Lady 
Tempest. Shee hath scene her brother in London often, but 
never knew his place of residence there or els where ; but beleeves 
hee is a Popish recusant, and that he hath beene beyond the seas. 

Christiana Anderton., spinster, who teas yesterdajj e.vamined by 
the name of Christian Cormi'allis, (Dec. 14), sayth, that shee was 
borne in Leicestershire at a towne called Ashby, and that her 
father name was Henry Anderton, a younger brother, a gentle- 
man of smale estayt, and that her mother's name was Butler, of 
the best of that family in Leicestershire; but cannot declare her 
mother's father's christian name. Shee went over into France 
when shee was about nyne yeares of age, and resided in a nunnery 
at Paris called Val-dc-Grace till about scavcn yeares since. Then 
f^hee retorned into England, and hath beene in London and Lei- 
cestershire most part since. Shee inhabited in London for a 
yeare lust before June last, and about that time she came downe 
to Yorke willi a dcsignc to goc to Broughton. And not long 


before her comeing shee had some discourse with Lady Tempest, 
and made some agreement with her to reside in the said house, 
her brother, Mr. Thomas Gaiscoigne, then being with her in 
London. Shee knowes nothing of a Popish plot, or designe of 
Popish recusants against his Majestic, the religion establisht, or 
government. Shee hath bcene in company with Mr. Coleman,* 
but never knew any thinge of his designes, or did discourse with 
him five words. 


May 19, 1679. Before Eichard Shaw, Lord Mayor of York. 
Mr. Amhrosse Girdler sayth, that, about three weekes agoe, 
beinge in company with one Mr. John Vavasour f in a publique 
house, the said Vavasour said publiquely that the company there 
was not to beleis^e their was a plott (meaneinge as this informer 
beleives the Papist plott that now is) except the Kinge should say 
it. And Jonathan Hobson beinge then present, told the said 
Vavasour that he chanlenged the justice of our kingdome; to 
which the said Vavasour answered and said, " Goe and call in thy 
neighbours, and take what advantage thou can;" and the said Va- 
vasour is a Popish recusant. 


May 21, 1679. Newcastle-on-Tyne. Before Ralph Jenison, 
Esq. Gilbert Errington, of Pontisland, gen,, deposeth that one 
Elizabeth Abbott, spinster,! the 20th May, told him that she was 

* Edward Coleman, a very well known person, was executed for high treason in 
1678. He was a person of great influence among the Roman Catholics. 

f The Vavasors were strong Roman Catholics, and more than one of them was in 
trouble at this eventful period. The disinclination of the King to believe in the exist- 
ence of a plot was, it will be seen, generally known. 

J The accused was acquitted. She said she was a Roman Catholic, and went to Mr. 
Riddell's house in hope of finding a priest to comfort her, as she was troubled in con- 
science ; and, thinking that they slighted her, she thought of this revenge. Mary 
Armstrong was charged with firing a house in North Shields on August 10, 1667, and 
threatening to burn the whole town. There was no prosecution against her. These 
silly women had their heads filled with the stories that were then afloat about the fire 
at London, and other intended conflagrations. 

Newcastle had a very narrow escape about 1684. An apprentice going up with a 
candle into a loft which contained many barrells of gunpowder and much combustible 
material, thoughtlessly stuck the candle into a barrell, of which the head had been 
knocked off, to serve for a candlestick. He saw the danger and fled, " A labourer 


resolved to goe to Fenham, liearcing Mr. Ridle was atthome, and 
that if he denyed hir request, as his lady had formerly done, she 
would doe the strangest act that ever Avas done, for she would sett 
the towne of Newcastle on fire ; and that she had viewed the place 
where she resolved to doe it, for she would gett pitch and tarr, 
and sett fire in the Maior's shopp, or in some other shopp where 
there was lint and tow, and would stand by it that she might be 
taken, and would own herselfe to have done it, and would sweare 
before any authority that Mr. Riddle and his lady, and Mrs. Er- 
rington, of Denton, and some others, were the cause thereof. 

Thomas Pewson, gent., saw Mr. Errington and Eliz. Abbot dis- 
courseing together, and Mr. Errington told him that the said Eliz. 
had said to him that she would lire Newcastle. This deponent 
said " God forbidd," but she said she would doe it. Then this 
informer told hir that he thought she was possessed with the 
devill, and Mr. Errington said he thought she was possessed with 
an evill spirritt. 


A true bill against Anthony Croft,* of York Castle, for saying 
on May 28, 1679, " The Parliament will downe with the Lords 
and Bisshopps, and will doe with this King as they did with the 
last ; and then wee shall be men." 


June 5, 1679. Before Mat. JeiFreyson, Mayor of Newcastle. 
Elizabeth, loife of James Craister, yeo., saith, that hir husband 
and Mrs. Eliz. Hodshon, wife of Mr. Albert Hodshon, discourse- 
ing about the oath of allegiance,! and the King's authorityc, and 

ran into the loft, and joining both his hands together, drew the candle softly up between 
his middlemost fingers, so that if any snuflf had dropped, it must have fallen into the 
hollow of the man's hand." 

* A Quaker. He was tried at the assizes and was acquitted. He evidently ap- 
proved of the sentiment of the old ballad : 

Lawn sleeves and rochets shall go down, 
And hey then up go we ! 

•f At Newcastle, in March 1082-3, Albert Hodgson, Lancelot Errington, Robert 
Lawson, John Popper, Thomas Robinson and Cuthbert Henderson, were committed to 
gaol for refusing the oaths of allegiance. 

In July 10S3, the following persons, natives of Northumberland, were in gaol for 
the same reason. Thomas Riddle, John aud Ralph Clavering, Thomas Clennell, Wm. 


that of the Pope's in England, one Wm. Trotter, a skipper, come- 
ing into the company, said he heard say there was noe King in 
England, and the apprentices * of London had declared there was 
noe King in England. 


A true bill against Wm. Mandeville,t of Rotheram, gentleman, 
for saying at Kotheram, on June 17, 1679, in reference to the 
rebellion in Scotland, " If there bee forty thousand men upp in 
Scotland they will beat all England. Though the Duke of Mon- 
mouth bee gone downe to suppresse them, its thought hee is gone 
to take their and the Kirke's part. I dare not whistle treason, 
bnt I know what I thinke. I hope to see the Church downe and 
the preists buryed in their surplices; for I know noe good they do, 
but are a great charge to the parish in washing them." 

Collingwood, John Fenwieke, Henry and Wm. Thornton, Thomas Riddell, Edward 
Strother, Francis and Wm. Widdrington, Thomas and John Fenwieke, Luke Avery, 
Wm. Aynsley, John Browne, Cuthbert Blacklocke, Nicholas Browne, Edward Byars, 
Thomas Beadnell, James Browne, Nicholas Bell, Mark Blakelocke, Andrew Currey, 
Robert Collingwood, Robert Clarke, Ralph Carnaby, George Chater, Thomas Davison, 
Richard Dobson, Wm. Errington, Luke, Henry, John and James Gardner, Thomas 
Gibson, Andrew Hunter, Chr. and John Hall, John Heron, Wm. Hunter, Wm. and 
Lancelot Hall, Robert Jefferson, John and Robert Moody, James Morrison, Henry 
Nevill, Andrew Pringle, Chr. Perry, John and Nich. Rowell, Wm. and Geoifrey Rob- 
son, George Ridley, George Rotherford, Wm. Rowell, Robert Snawdon, Thomas 
Swan, John Swinhoe, Roger Snawdon, Richard and George Smirke, George Todd 
and Richard Wardell. 

Mr. Albert Hodgson was again in trouble in 1684. 

" Nov. 22, 1684. Anthony Speneely, of Newcastle, skinner and glover, deposes that 
on the 20th, being in company with Albert Hodgshon, a Romaine Catholique, and some 
discourse happening about Mr. Alderman Davison, the said Albart Hodgshon did much 
abuse him, and said G — d — him, he is a whigg, and all that will take his part are whiggs, 
and did with much invitraeye and malice asperce and abuse Mr. Davison ; and, one 
Richard Fleck offering to reprove him, he threw a cupp of drinke att him, and threatned 
to beate any that would oppose itt, and said that none of the Aldermen were worth 
anything except Mr. Brabant, and did much extoU and cry upp his religion, being a 
Papist, and that few else were loyall." 

* The power of the London apprentices was considerable, but it had little effect 
beyond the walls of the city itself. The times were dangerous, otherwise an idle speech 
of this nature would not have been attended to. 

At the York assizes in July, 1679, Michael Pudsey was indicted for saying, " If wee 
kill the Kinge, or any other person, or do any sinn, if wee have a pardon from the Pope, 
all our sinns are forgiven, and soe, he said, he verely beleived." The culprit was sent 
to Durham, as, at that time, he resided in that county. Some illustrious blood was 
flowing in his veins. 

f A Rotheram gentleman speaks his mind pretty freely, and is subjected to a fine. 
The murder of Archbishop Sharpe had recently occurred, and the Covenanters had 
broken out into open rebellion. The Duke of Monmouth had been sent down to chastise 
them, and he did so with a very gentle hand at Bothwell Bridge. Many comments 
were made upon his leniency to the vanquished Covenanters. 



July 8, 1679. Before Richard Shaw, Lord Mayor of York. 
Robert Bolron,^ of Shippon hall, par. Barwick-in-Elmet, saith, 
that, aboute twelve monthes agoe, he see one who goes by the 
name of Andrewes,f exercise the office of a Eomish preist at Ro- 
manby, neare Northallerton, att one Mrs. Metcalfe's house, and he 
see him in his robes and administer the Sacrament to aboute ten 
persons, among whom was Adrian Metcalfe and others. And he 
never see the said Andre wes since, untill the last night that search 

* A notorious personage — the Titus Oates of the North of England, of whom it 
will be necessary to give a somewhat lengthy account. It is principally derived from 
a pamphlet intituled, 

" An abstract of the accusation of Robert Bolron and Lawrence Maybury, servants, 
against their late master, Sir Thomas Gascoigne, kt. and bart. of Barnbow in York- 
shire, for High Treason : with his trial and acquittal, Feb. 11, 1680. ' Fit error no- 
vissimus pejor priore.' Printed for C. R. 1680." 

Robert Bolron was a native of Newcastle-on-Tyne, and in early life was bound 
apprentice to a jeweller in London in Pye Corner, where the famous fire was stopped. 
After remaining there a year he ran away and enlisted as a soldier, and soon found 
himself in Tynemouth Castle. From thence he was sent aboard the Rainbow frigate 
to fight against tlie Dutch. From this service he deserted, and thrust himself upon 
Sir Thomas Gascoigne of Barnbow, having a friend of the name of Richard Pepper 
among the retainers of that house. From Barnbow he went to Newcastle ; and, at 
Pepper's recommendation. Sir Thomas made him the inspector of one of his coalmines 
near Newcastle. In this position he was guilty of gross peculation, which his master 
very generously overlooked, although he removed him from bis place. Bolron was 
still kindly treated by Sir Thomas till it was necessary to eject him, and then in base 
revenge he brought that accusation of treason against his benefactor which will shortly 
be mentioned. The result happily ended in an acquittal. 

Bolron was now fairly embarked in the wretched profession that he had adopted. To 
strengthen himself he takes into his confidence a fellow of the name of Maybury, or 
Mowbray, and the two begin to carry on their iniquitous trade. Mr. Ingleby, Lady 
Tempest, Sir Miles Stapleton, and other persons of high position and character, were 
falsely charged by them; but in one instance only, that of Mr. Thweng, did they suc- 
ceed in securing a conviction. The Northern juries, always loth to condemn for politi- 
cal offences, refused to believe them. The informers were openly charged with lying; 
and, happily for themselves, they seem to have been allowed to slink away into that 
obscurity from which they ought never to have emerged. In August, 1681, there 
was a rumour, as Narcissus Luttrell tells us, that Bolron had changed sides, and was 
resolved to accuse Oates. 

Clodius accusat msechos, Cataliua Cethegum ? 

There was much reckless audacity about the man. He spoke boldly before the 
judges; but, had their minds not been blinded by party feeling and prejudice, they 
must have detected many inconsistencies in his statements. He brought forward his 
mother and his wife to assist him with their evidence. For some time he had actually 
a general searc.h warrant from the Privy Council, and he was a person of importance; 
but no one knows what became of him, and no one will care to enquire. 

"t" A person of the name of Andrews, a suspected priest, is arrested in York. Ho 
was in prison for several years. Mrs. Lascells, at whose house he was found, was, I 
believe, tlie Abbess of the Nunnery at Dolbank. 


was made for one Mr. Thwinge,* a Romish priest, wlio was found 
in that search in tlie house of one ]\lrs. Lascells in Yorke, a Eoman 
Catholicke, as alsoe the said Andrewes, whom this deponent 
seeinge chalenged for a Popish preist. 

John Andreices confesscth that he was borne in Monmouthshire, 
near Abergavenny, and that about seaven yeares agoe he went to 
.Calice in France to learne tlie language there, where he stayd 
about halfe a year: from thence he went to St. Omer's, where he 
stayd only one night, from thence to Birge and Newport; and 
from thence to Bruges, where he stayed about a quarter and a halfe 
of year, haveing an aunt there ; from thence to Newport and Ipres 
and Lyle, and from thence to Doway, where he stayd about twelve 
monthes; from thence to Arras, Amyens and Paris; and from 
Callice to England, where he hath been about two yeares. He 
saw one who goes by the name of Robert Bolron, about October 
last, at one Mrs. Metcalfe's house in Rummonby. The occation 
of his comeinge to this place was upon the account of his health. 
He hath not taken priestly orders accordinge to the Romish 
usuage, and, as to his weareinge preistly robes, or administeringe 
the sacrament, he sayth that hath not beene proved upon him. 


July 19, 1679. Before Matt. Jeffreyson, Mayor of Newcastle. 
Simon Mohson, cordwainer, deposeth, that, yesterday in the after- 
noon about five a'clock, being in company at the house of Mr. 
John Squires, with Dr. Young, Mr. Robert Fenwick, John Wil- 
son, John Leamon, and others, and discourseing about the late 
rebellion in Scotland occasioned by the Whiggs, &c., and the 

* A son of George Thweng, of Hewcrth, near York, Esq., and the victim of Bolron's 
devices He was the nephew of Sir Thomas Gascoigne, and was indicted at York, 
together with Mary wife of Thomas Pressiek, forhigh treason. On Feb. 20, 1679-80, 
Richard Pepper, Bolron's old friend, was sent to Newgate for endeavouring to corrupt 
tlie King's w^itnesses against Thweng and Pressiek, who were then in that gaol. (JjUt- 
trell's Diary, i. 36.) Bolron thus got rid of a dangerous person. In March following 
the trial began at York, but the accused objected to so many jurors that it was obliged 
to be deferred. (Ibid. 38.) In July they were again indicted, and Thweng was found 
guilty and was sentenced to death. (Ibid. p. 51.) Thoresby was present, and says that 
he was condemned '' for saying at a consult at Sir Tho. Gascoyne's at Barnbow, t'aat, 
if they lost this opportunity of killing the King, they could never expect such another." 
(Diary, i. 51.) A full account of the case is given in the State Trials, from which it 
will be seen that Mr. Thweng was condemned by the evidence of Bolron and his 
comrade. He was respited on the 4th of August, but on the 15th of Oct. there came 
down an order from the Privy Council that the law should take its course. He was 
accordingly executed on Oct. 23, and his mutilated remains were interred in St. Mary's, 
Castlegate. (Drake, 286, &c.) Cf. Challoner's Memoirs of the Missionary Priests, 449. 



conduct of his Highnesse the Duke of Monmouth there, the said 
John Leamon did declare that the Duke's soldiers killed those 
innocent people in cold blood;* and the reason why the Duke 
did not eat att Newcastle was his often being drunk in Scotland. 


Oct. 27, 1679. Before Richard Shaw, Lord Mayor of York. 
Robert Bolron'f sayth that, in the yeares 1676, 1677, 1678, he 
was steward to Sir Thomas Gascoigne,^ of Barnbow in Yorke- 
shire, of his coale mynes, dureinge which tyme he severall tymes 
heard severall consultations for killinge the Kinge, and promote- 
inge the Roman Catholicke religion, and establishinge a nunnery 
at Dolbancke near Ripley. At some of which consviltations the 
persons hereafter named were present (vizt.) Sir Thomas Gas- 
coigne aforesaid, Thomas Gascoigne, Esq.,§ John Middleton, of 

* Some strictures upon the Duke of Monmouth's conduct in Scotland may be read 
in No. ccxviii. He certainly did not lay himself open to the charge of cruelty, as he 
was most merciful to the Covenanters. 

f Robert Dolman, Esq., a Roman Catholic gentleman of ancient descent, is accused 
by Bolron of treason. He was bound over to appear at the assizes, himself in 400?. 
and in two sureties of 200^. each. He was probably acquitted, as the evidence against 
him was of the most flimsy description. 

J Sir Thomas Gascoigne, of Barnbow, the head of a distinguished Yorkshire family, 
was accused of treason by an old retainer of his of the name of Bolron. I have 
already given some account of this fellow to show by what base motives he was actu- 
ated. The charge against Sir Thomas was that he encouraged and contributed to a 
subscription for setting up the Roman Catholic religion, that he established and 
endowed a nunnery at Dolbank near Ripley, and that meetings of Roman Catholics 
were held at his house, at which the propriety of killing the King was gravely discussed 
and sanctioned, Bolron himself having been desired to can-y it into effect. 

Several pamphlets were published in connection with this alleged plot, one of which 
has been already mentioned. The first was by Bolron himself. 

" The Papist's bloody oath of Secrecy, and Litany of Intercession for England : with 
the Manner of taking the oath upon their entering into any grand conspiracy against 
Protestants. As it was taken in the chapel belonging to Barnbow-hall, the residence 
of Sir Thomas Gascoigne, from William Rushton, a Popish priest." 1680. 

" The Deposition and farther discovery of the late horrid plot, by one Mr. C , 

late servant to Sir T G , in Yorkshire. London." s. a. 

In Jan. 1679-80. Bolron, and his fellow informer, Mowbray, who were about to 
bear evidence against Sii' Thomas Gascoigne, had a pardon granted to them for their 
own share in the plot. Sir Tlionias was placed at the bar of the King's Bench on the 
24th of Jan., but, owing to a difficulty in making up a jury, the trial did not begin 
till Fel>- the 11th. It was a cruel sight to see a gentleman of 85 tried for his life on 
the evidence of an ungrateful servant. There was little alleged against him except by 
Bolron and Mowbray, and several witnesses were brought forward by tiie prisoner 
who threw the greatest di.scredit upon their assertions and motives. Tlie Yorkshire 
jury acquitted their fellow countryman, who ought never to have been subjected to 
such unworthy treatment. 

§ The eldest son of Sir Thomas Gascoigne. lie was accused by Bolron; but it was 


Stockhill hall, Esq. with sevcrall other persons, Popish recusants. 
And he further deposeth, that, in the year 1677, he saw a list in 
the chamber of Sir Thomas Gascoigne, the title of which list was, 
" A list of the Actors and Contributors designed in the promote- 
inge of the Koman Catholicke religion, and for establishinge a 
Nunery." Amongst severall names in the said list this informant 
saw the name of Esq. Dolman of Yorke, which list he hath heard 
severall Papists say was the list of those that had ingaged them- 
selves in the designe of killinge the Kinge. And he further 
sayth that he also see in the said list severall contributions given 
by severall persons of quality of the Romish religion for carryinge 
on the said plott, but doth not remember the particular contribu- 
tion or sume of mony given by the said Esq. Dolman; but 
sayth that the said Sir Thomas Gascoigne, with others then 
in his company, did severall tymes mention the name of Esqr. 
Dolman, liveinge in Peasholme Greene in Yorke, but his Christian 
name he doth not of his owne knowledge remember, but hath in 
his letters by the particular order of Sir Thomas Gascoigne, 
Thomas Gascoigne, Esq., and Lady Tempest, been desired to re- 
comend them kindly unto Mr. Dolman and Esqr. Dolman, which 
letters were directed to Wm. Horncastle, servant to old Mr. Dolman : 
and hath likewise received severall recomendations backe againe to 
Sir Thomas Gascoigne, Esqr. Gascoigne, and Lady Tempest, 
before mentioned. And this informant further deposeth that at 
the same tyme he see the said list he also heard the said Sir 
Thomas Gascoigne, Thomas Gascoigne, Esq., Lady Tempest, 
Sir Walter Vavasour,* deceased, Sir Francis Hungate,t John 
Middleton, of Stockhill hall, with severall others, then and 
there present, say unanimously, and resolve the killinge of the 
Kinge, and establishinge the Eoman Catholicke religion in 
England. And he then heard Sir Myles Stapylton, of Carlton, 
kt.,| utter these words, that he would give two hundred pounds 
towards carrying on the plott, meaneing the plott aforesaid 
about killinge the Kinge; and that if the Duke of York did not 

found out that, at the time when he was charged with hatching treason in England, Mr. 
Gascoigne was actually abroad, having obtained the King's leave to travel ! Bolron 
afterwards modified his evidence so as to include him in the plot, and Mr. Gascoigne 
was tried at York in March, 1681-2, together with Mr. (Stephen) Tempest and Mr. 
York. Bolron and Mowbray gave evidence against them, but they were all acquitted. 
(Luttrel, i. 173.) 

Mr. Middleton, a young gentleman of very high family, went into France with Mr, 
Gascoigne. Nothing seems to have been done to him. 

* Of Haslewood ; a gentleman who had fought and suffered greatly for Charles I. 
Dr. Peter Vavasor was his brother. 

f Of Saxton ; a baronet connected with some of the best families in England. 

J Some notice of Sir Miles Stapleton will be given afterwards. 

K 2 


please tliem they would serve him as they did intend to serve his 
brotlier. And he see in the said list the name of" Doctor Peter 
Vavasour, and he heard some Papists say that he was gone 
to London with an intent to get an order from his Ma"^ and 
Privy Councell to goe beyond sea, for fear he should be dis- 
covered to be concerned in the plott. 

Lawrence Mowbray* saith, that aboute Michaelmasse 1676, 
there was an assembly of severall preists or Jesuitts att the house 
of Sir Thomas Gascoigne, att Barnbow, and that the said assem- 
bly did then generally conclude and agree that the Kinge was to 
be killed, for that he was a lieretique, and excommunicated by 
the Pope, and that itt was nott onely lawfull butt meritorious 
to kill the said Kinge, or any other heretique, and that they like- 
wise said that all or most of the Catholicks in England were 
ingaged in the same designe. After which discourse one William 
Riston,t preist to Sir Thomas Gascoigne, produced a list of 
names, which he did declare were ingaged in and contributors to 
the said designe. Amongst which names he mentioned Mr. Dol- 
man and Dr. Peter Vavasour % of this city. 



Oct. 27, 1679. Before Richard Shaw, Lord Mayor of York. 
Hobert jBolron, gentleinan,^ saith, that last night beinge upon a 

* Lawrence Maybury, or Mowbray, the accomplice of Bolron, was originally a 
footman in the service of Sir Thomas Gascoigne. Having stolen some money and 
jewels belonging to Lady Tempest, he was turned out of his place, and after wast- 
ing his ill-gotten gains in dissolute living, he was prevailed upon by Bolron to 
join him in his design. I have before me a folio pamphlet containing much informa- 
tion about Mowbray and his proceedings. It is entitled: 

" The narrative of Lawrence Mowbray, of Leeds, in the county of York, gent., con- 
cerning the bloody Popish conspiracy against the life of his sacred Majesty, the govern- 
ment, and the Protestant religion, &c. &c. London. 1C80." 

Mowbray was henceforward identified with the fortunes of Bolron, and seems to 
have sunk with him into insignificance when no one believed what they said. 

t This person is frequently mentioned in the account of the trial of Sir Thos. Gas- 
coigne, According to Bolron he w;is deeply implicated in the plot. 

X The fifth and youngest son of Sir Thomas Vavasor of Haslewood, and the brother 
of Sir Walter Vavasor, who has been already mentioned. He was bound over to 
appear at the assizes, himself in 4(iO/. and two sureties in '200/. each. 

g The accused person asserts his innocence. He says that he was servant to Mr. 
Philip Constable, of Evoringham. He was bound over to appear at the assizes, himself 
in 20UZ., and in two sureties of 100/. each. 

At this time there were several persons in York Castle charged with similar offences 
about whom there are no depositions in exi.stence. "John and Robert Berry accused 
of a treasonable and dangerous conspiracy. Francis, gent., and Thomas 


searcli with his assistants for priests and Jesuitts, he found in the 
house of the Lady Widdrington a man in bedd, who calls him- 
selfe Francis Collingwood, and that in the trunck of the said 
Collingwood this informant found a pewther box used by Popish 
priests for holy unction, and, likewise, that he found in his 
pocketts a paper, with characters on itt, entitled " Edward 
Coleman's Characters," a booke concerninge babtisme of infants, 
used onely by Popish priests, and a blew ribboa with a crucifix 
on it called a stolle, used by Popish priests upon christininge of 


Nov. 14, 1679. Before Sir Rich. Stote, Bt., Eobert Jenyson 

and Richard JSeile, Esqrs. Robert Bolron, of Nexvcastle-upon- 
Tyne,^ mylliiner, saith, that at Barmbow hall, in the county of 
Yorke, in the yeare 1677, he see one — Killingbeck,f a Romish 
priest, say mass in Barmbow chappell, haveing on the vestments 
used by the Romish priests when at any time mass is said. This 
informant, further, sayes that, in the said yeare, he did see the 
said — Killingbeck at a generall consultation held in Barmbow 
hall, where it was concluded the murthering of the King, and of 
all Protestants that would not immediately turne Roman Catho- 
licks. This informant, further, sayes that the said — Killing- 
becke did premiss in the name of his master, Thomas Riddall, of 
Fenham, Esqr., that he should contribute liberally for the carry- 
ing on the said designe, and that his master had given him such 
instructions before he came from home. This informant further 

Coates, for the same. Francis Osbaldeston, Anthony Langworth, Wm. Allanson, and 
Simon Nicholson, upon suspicion of being Popish priests." All these persons had re- 
fused to take the oath of allegiance, and were detained in prison in consequence. 

* The informer is busy at his native place, Newcastle on-Tyne. He tries to make 
victims of two of the greatest gentlemen in Northumberland, but without success, 
although he would be sure to cause them much annoyance and vexation. 

Mr. Riddell was the son of a well-known cavalier, Sir Thomas Riddell of Fenham. 
The services of the father ought to have been a sufficient guarantee for the loyalty of 
the son. Sir Thomas was governor of Tynemouth Castle, and the colonel of a regi- 
ment of foot for Charles I. He was so conspicuous a person that a price of 1 ,000^. was 
put on his head. He escaped to Antwerp in a Berwick fishing smack, and died there, 
a ruined exile, in 1652. 

Sir Thomas Haggerston, of Haggerston, in Islandshire, was Governor of Berwick. 
His father, the first baronet, had been colonel of a regiment of horse and foot under the 
Earl of Newcastle, and his brother John Haggerston was killed at Ormskirk, ex parte 
Regis, in 1644. 

\ Robert Killingbeck was mentioned more than once by the witnesses at Sir Thos. 
Gascoigne's trial. 


says that lie see a list, intituled " A list of the Actors and Contri- 
butors ingadged in the designe of promoting the Eoman Catho- 
licke religion, and establishing a Nunery, &c.," which list he hath 
heard severall Papists say was the list of those that had ingadged 
themselves in the designe of killing the King; amongst which 
names he see the particuler names of Thomas liiddall, of Fenham, 
Esqr., Sir Tho. Haggerston, of Haggerston, Barrt., as also the 
contribucions given by them for the carrying on the said designe, 
but does not remember how much it was they or either of them 
did give for the carrying on of the said designe. And this 
informant further sayes, that he did heare them conclude and 
agree immediately to establish a nunery at Dolbanck, near Ripley, 
in hopes that there designe of killing the King should take effect, 
which nunery was accordingly established about INIichelmas 77. 
And this informant further sayes, that he suspects there may be 
found in the house or custody of the said Thomas Riddall, of 
Fenham, Esq., severall papers or writeings relateing to the horrid 
plot against the life of his sacred Majesty and government, as 
also that there does ly lurking in the said house the said Killing- 
beck, or some other Romish priest. 


July 9, 1680. An indictment against William Battly,* of 
Leeds, yeoman, for charging Lawrence Mowbray and Robert 
Bolron with giving false evidence, in the following note. " After 
that Sir Thomas Gascon was impeached by Bouldrun, I was in 
company with Bouldrun at one widdow Latham's house in Leeds, 
and being in discours with him about our cockes, and telling of 
our former acquaintance, wee fell into discours about Sir Thom. 
Gascon. He desired me for to goe to borrow him an Almanacke, 
either new or old ; to which I did borow him four, but none of 
them would serve him. What is the matter, said I, ]\lr. Bouldrun, 
that you ar soe scrupulus for Almanackes ? to which he replyed 
that Lawrance Moubury and he was contriving to bring Sir Miles 
Staplton and the Lady Tempest to be gilty of the plot with Sir 
Thomas Gascon. And if we can but hit our tyme we shall doe 
their jobs, for now I am resolved to be revenged on Sir Thomas 
and his relations for the abuse he puts upon me, for he sues me 

* Battley was one of the persons who gave evidence at Sir Thonias Gascoigne's 
trial, and endeavoured to impugn the evidence of Bolron. Bolron charged him with 
perjury. I know not what became of tlio matter, hut it must be remarked tliat Battley 
was \>y no lueans a solitary witness against the informers. 



and seckcs my destruction, or els I would never liave troubled him 
nor none that belongs to him." 


Dec. 11, 1680. Before (Sir) Thos. Loraine. Wheareas infor- 
mation uppon oath is made before me by Nicolas Rames, that one 
Elizabeth Fenwicke, of Longwitton,* did threathen the sayde 
Nicolas Rayraes what he had done^she, the saide Elizabeth Fen- 
wicke would make him repent it; and she, the sayde Elizabeth 
Fenwicke, being a woman of bad fame for withcraff severall yeares 
hearetofore, he the saide Nicolas Rames doth affirme and com- 
plaine that his wife, lyeing under a sad and lamentable torment 
of sickeness, doth daylye complaine that she the sayde Elizabeth 
Fenwicke doth continuallye torment her, and is disabell to her in 
her saide perplexatye; and, withall, in her due senses doth acc- 
knowledge she rydes on her, and endeavours to pull her on to the 
flower; and a blacke man, thinkeing the deavil, and the said 
Elizabeth Fenwicke danc togeather. And the sayde Nicolas 
Rames did goe and desired her to come to his wife : wheareuppon 
she came, and cominge to the said Nicolas Rames his wife, she 
tolde her she must have blood for bewitching of her ; and the 
saide Elizabeth answesheard again that if her blood would doe 
her any good she might have had it long since, and the saide 
Elizabeth would ha cutt her finger, and the sayde Anne Rames 
answeared againe, " I will have it uppon the brow whear other 
people give it uppon witches;" and the sayde Elizabeth answea- 
reth againe that if her chyldren should get notice of the saide 
blooding they would goe madde. And againe, by the consent of 
the saide Elizabeth, she bid her draw blood uppon her brow. 
Her condition be exceading weake by all probabalye of witchcraft 
in this woman. The sayde Elizabeth called the said Nicolas . . . 
her fre consent to assist his wife ; and the saide Nicolas runne in a 
grat .... thre severall tymes before she would bleade, and she, 
the sayde Elizabeth, desired him nott to discloase it, and he de- 
clared that if no further prejudice was to him or his wife he 
would not prosecute her. 

* The last case of reputed witchcraft that has occurred to me. The poor woman 
was acquitted. 



May 30, 1681. Before Utrick Whitfield, Esq., and Francis 
Addison, Esq. John Ellrington, and Margaret his tvife, saye, 
that Ealph Maddison, Joseph Maddison, Thos. Patty son, of 

Untlianke, and Robert Thompson, of this informer's house 

at Acton, and did carry away four oxen, six cowes, . . . young- 
beasts and five score tenn of weathers, yewes and hoggs. Ralph 
Maddison did confess to this informer that in March 1678 that he 
burnt Jo. Rawe's houses at Benfullside, and Nuns-house stable, 
with match, gunpowder, and tow. 

William Egehton, of Rukton, saith that Isaac Warde, of 
Cronkley, spoke these words in the heareing of this informer, 
" There was a sakles man goeing to jaole," meaning Ralph Mad- 
dison, and further saidd, that they who burned Espersheilds was 
in a quandary wheither to burne Espersheilds or Cronkley. 


A true bill against Mary Coates of Morpeth, June 10, 1681, 
for sending her son John to school at St. Omer's.f 

* A singular deposition. Tliere was evidently a very violent feud between Maddi- 
son and his son-in-law, who seems to have been a weak foolish person. If, however, 
a little of what is said against Maddison be true he must have been a consummate 

Mr. Elrington sends a petition to the Judges from which I made a few extracts. 

" A petition to the Justices of Assize at Newcastle from John Elrington, of Un- 
thanke, Esq. 

That he being a gentleman of a good extraction, and endued with an estate of nigh 
300;. a yeare, hath had the bad fortune to match himselfe to the daughter of one Ralph 
Maddison ; who being a person of very bad life and conversation hath perswaded him to 
convey his estate to the said Maddison, and his heires. That he is now but tenant for 
life, and by his ill ways did get the said petitioner to sell AOl. or 50^. a yeare of his 
estate for the saveing of his life at the last assizes ; and, this yeare, falling into the 
same danger againe, hath endeavoured, by the meanes of Captaine Fetherstone and 
Mr. Thomas Hunter, to raise liim more money. Not getting it he threatens violence. 
He hath debauched the petitioner's wife, his own daughter. He threatens to kill him, 
and hath stolen away the deeds and writings of the petitioner's estate. He begs for 
protection against Maddison and his son Joseph." 

What was done on this petition we know not, but Maddison was ordered to be 
burned in the hand at the assizes. His son Joseph was acquitted. He was connected 
with a family of some importance in the western part of the county of Durham. The 
last of the Maddisons died at Paris in the beginning of this century, deeply regretted 
by his native dalesmen and the whole county, not without some suspicion of his having 
been poisoned. 

" Far off on the banks of the Seine, 
" Thy darling, tliy Maddison dies." 

t Bills are also found at the same time against Ralph Clavcring of Callaly, Esq., 



Jan. 21, 1680-1. Before Ralph Hassell, Mayor and Coroner of 
Doncaster. Jasper Blythman, Esq., of Newlathes, saith, that, 
upon Tuesday the 18th, hee was in company with Lord Eggling- 
ton,* Mr. Thomas Maddox, and Mr. Tho. Derby, att the signe 
of the Angell in Doncaster. My Lord bid Mr. Maddox fetch 
upp disc and a box, which hee did, and soe they two fell to a 
play called hazard, and in a very little time Mr. Maddox wone 
all the moneys that my Lord Egglington had in his pockett (as 
hee said), and then my Lord plaid upon the tick, and had lost 
50s. to him; but the disc came into my Lord's hands, and he 
wan the 50s. back, and 20s. more, which he demanded Maddox 
to pay him, which he refused, saying his Lordshipp ought him 

3Z. which hee won of him in the cockpitt, and him why 

should hee pay when my Lord would not pay him. My Lord 

replyed hee lyed, and him hee woidd have it, and soe laid 

his hand upon the moneys that was upon the table ; and the said 
Maddox paid him. Upon which my Lord told him hee was a 

dog, and did arise from his seate and phillipped him over 

the noase. Then they plaid againe, and my Lord went on the 
tick againe, and lost about the former summe to Maddox; but 
when the disc came into his hand wan it againe, and about 10s. 
more, which hee demanded of him, but Maddox made the same 
answere, or to the effect, as before. Upon that my Lord arose 

for sending his son John to the same place; against Edward Widdrington, of Felton, 
Esq., Henry Thornton of Witton Sheeles, gen., and Wni. Thornton of Netherwitton, gen, 
for sending to the same college Nicholas Thornton, Esq., and Henry Thornton, gen., 
and against Thomas Riddell, Esq., of Fenham, for sendmg his son Mark to be edu- 
cated abroad. 

* The record of a fatal affray in the Angel inn at Doncaster, between the Earl of 
Eglinton and a Mr. Maddox. 

Archibald, eighth Earl of Eglinton, was at this time residing at Bretton, in right of 
a Yorkshire lady whom he had married, the widow of Sir Thomas Wentworth. 

These depositions disclose a very discreditable scene at Doncaster in which a man 
was killed by the Earl at the gaming table. The drawer at the inn deposes that the 
affray took place on the Tuesday night between 12 and 2 o'clock; and Roger Perkins, 
the apothecary, says that Mr. Maddox had two mortal wounds, one in the left side, and 
the other in the thigh. He was buried at Doncaster on the 21st of January. 

Wm. Squire, of Doncaster, gen., deposes that Lord Eglinton sent for him. When 
he came there were with him Blythman and Derby. " His Lordshipp said hee was 
glad to see him, and presented him with a glasse of white wine; and, seing he did not 
drinke it of forthwith, his Lordshipp heaved up his caine, and said hee would Maddox 
him." This occurred on the day of the affray. 

Lord Eglinton was found guilty at York, and was sentenced to death, but he was 
reprieved till the King's pleasure was known, and he was subsequently set free. His 
grandson in after years was shot in a contest with a poaching exciseman. 


from his seate and tooke the box in his hand and said, " 

you, I will have the moneys I have won," and ofFred to strike 
him but did not. Whereupon Maddox laughed and said, "Your 
Lordshipp may make me do anythinge," and soe paid, and then 
fell to play againe. After this manner for severall times were 
they quarrelling; att the last my Lord wan 20s. of him, and 
demanded it, but hee refused to pay, replyeing as before that my 
Lord ought him moneys. Soe Maddox paused upon it; and, 
being muche in drinke, hee did forgett himselfe. For which my 

Lord asked him a second time. Hee told my Lord that by 

hee had paid it. " Sounds," saith my Lord, "you are a dog; 
you paid me none ; and I will bee judged by these two gentlemen 

in the roome whether have you paid me or noe, and you I 

will have it." And soe risse from his seate and tooke the box in 
his hand. But this informant thought it would not have come 
to blows tooke the lesse notice. My Lord made a blow at him, 
and Maddox standing up to defende himselfe, my Lord drew his 
sowrd and made passes att him. But this informant doth verily 
beleive that Maddox was sett att the time of the first passe make- 
ing. And then this informant stept in and laid hold on my Lord 
and putt him from Mr. Maddox, who followed my Lord and gott 
hold of my Lord's wigg. And in that bussell he supposes he 
gott his wound in the thigh. Then this informant drove them 
into a corner of the roome that hee might have the better advan- 
tage to part him and Maddox, whoe pulling at my Lord's perri- 

wigg, my Lord said, " you, I will kill you," and shortned 

his sword, and he thought he was about to stabb him, and this 
informant cried out, *' For Christ's sake, my Lord, bee quiett, 
there is too much harme done allready." And soe this informant 
struck upp the point of the sword, and then tooke hold of the 
hilt, and told my lord that hee would have him putt it upp, and 
caused him to putt it upp. My Lord said, " Bear witnesse hee 
runne upon my sword." And this informant told my Lord that 
liis Lordshipp made severall passes att him, and was afraid hee 
had wounded him. Maddox replyed, " The Scotch dog has 
wounded me," and " None but a pittifull Scotch Lord would 
have done it," and then gave him very badd words. After that 
my Lord ofFred to strike att him, but this informant kept him of. 
And Maddox continucing ill language, my Lord was provoked 
and made towards him, but, in putting of my Lord from him 
he fell betwixt Edward, the drawer att the Angell, and this 
informant, and this informant wont about to hclpe my Lord upp, 
and begged his pardon, and told him that hee did not intend to 
throwc him downc. And in the fall my Lord's hatt and wigg 


fell on the ground, soe this informant takeing them upp, in the 
mean time my Lord gave him a violent blow over the head with 
his cane, which made Maddox crye, " Oh ! " Then this inform- 
ant laid hold on my Lord and desired him to goe out of the 
roome, and went downe staires with him into the yard. 



Oct. 10, 1681. Before Thomas Hesletine, Esq. William Wid- 
dotos, of Yorke* mercer, being examined concerning the printing 
of the tryall of Sir Miles Stapleton, confesseth that at the last 
assizes held at the castle of Yorke, he was present at the tryall of 
the said Sir Miles Stapleton, and did take and write the same 
tryall in short hand. And, after the end of the said assizes, he 
did transcribe the same faire over, and send that copy to one 
Mr. Thomas Simmons, a bookeseller in Ludgate Street, in London : 
and he has received above fourty bookes from the said Mr. Sim- 
mons, which he believes were printed by that copy. 


" May it please your Lordshipps. One Mr. Kalph Gardiner,! 
who is now in his Majestie's present servis in the hors guard, and 

* A York tradesman is charged with publishing an account of the trial of Sir Miles 
Stapleton, not having obtained permission to do so from the court. It was, probably 
suppressed, and I have never heard of the existence of a copy. An official account of 
the case is printed among the State Trials. 

Sir Miles Stapleton, of Carlton, was charged by the informer, Bolron, with beine 
concerned in the plot of Sir Thomas Gascoigne. In June 1680, he was sent down 
from London to be tried at York (Luttrel, i. 48.) He was brought to the bar in the 
following month, but he challenged so many of the jurors that the trial was deferred. 
It came off in July 1681, and there were three witnesses against him, Bolron, Mow- 
bray, and John Smith, of Walworth, co. Durham, otherwise called "Narrative 
Smith," from the pamphlet which he published. Sir Miles defended himself ener- 
getically, and brought many persons to throw discredit upon the evidence of the in- 
formers, and the jury immediately acquitted him. He was mainly indebted for his 
escape to the evidence in his behalf of his friends and neighbours, Sir Thomas Yar- 
burgh and his lady. 

Sir Miles Stapleton was a gentleman of great honour, position, and ability. The 
antiquary Thoresby speaks favourably of the courteous reception that he gave him. 

"(• This is the gentleman who made an attack upon the corporation of Newcastle, in 
a scarce and curious little book, which was published in 4to. in 1655, and dedicated to 
the Protector. It is intituled, " England's grievance discovered in relation to the coal 
trade." The late Mr. Thos. Bell, of Newcastle, had in his library another of Gardiner's 
works in MS. 

These works, which were of the most controversial character, made the writer very 
unpopular in Newcastle, especially with the Mayor and Aldermen, whom he especially 


bound to appeare to an indictment of trespasse and assault, pre- 
tended to be done by liim in the Citty of Yorke, these are 
humbly to request your Lordshipps will be pleased to respite the 
recognizances of the said Mr. Gardiner until the next assizes, 
by reason he is ordred to waite upon the King in a party to 
Newmarkett, in order to keep guard during his JMajestie's stay 

"Your Lordship's most humble servant, Davenport Lucy." 

''March the Uh, 1681-2. 

" In dorso. To the honorable the Judges of the assizes for the 
Citty and County of Yorke." 


May 1, 1682. Before the Justices at Knaresbro.' Mr. William 
Lingard, of Scotton, saith, that hee, accidentally meeting with 
Mr. Wm. Brownrigg,* and Mr. Catterall, in Scotton, was re- 
quested by them to goe to an alehouse in Scotton to drink a cup 
of ale with them, which he was willing too. That the said Cat- 
terall goeing from their company, the said Brownerigg began to 
relate what greivances he had suiFred by Sir Jonathan Jennings 
and Sir Richard Graham, two justices of the peace, and fell into 
revileing tearmes against them, and declared they were both 
rogues, and that they had done him injustice, and caused him to 
be wrongfully imprisoned against law, and said he was now 
resolved to put them in print for rogues, and make it appear to 
the world what kind of men they were, or words to this purpose. 
And this deponant saith that he wished the said Brownrigg to 
forbear such revileing expressions; but he replyed he cared nott 
who heard him, for hee was resolved to question greater persons 

attacked, Mr. Alderman Barnes, who was certainly a religious-minded person, says 
of the author in a satisfied tone, " but he got his reward, being afterwards at York 
hanged for coining." This, as will be seen from this letter, was altogether incorrect. 
Mr. Gardiner had been committing an assault in York, of which there is no account 
preserved, but it is evident that it was not of a serious or heinous character. 

It has not yet been ascertained what became of Gardiner when he left the North. 
It now appears that he entered the army, and was in the royal horse guard. 

* A gentleman is charged with abusing two magistrates and a judge. He, evi- 
dently, was a person fond of litigation, and had lost his suit. 

He was again in trouble in June lt)S3. He had refused to drink the King's health, 
and had said " Hang the King, he is good for nothing else." After this he seems to 
have fled the country, and another person, it will be seen, gets into trouble on his 

"July 1683. Harrogate. Mr. Jefferson asking what had become of Mr. Browne- 
rigg, and said that he had heard that he was tied for speaking treason, — Geo. Cass, 
said, not for 8i)eakcing treason, but reason." 


then they were, and did then instanc Judg Dolbin,* and did also 
affirme the said Judg Dolbin was a rogue, and had done him in- 
justice two severall times. And further said he had a paper in 
his pockett ready drawne, which he intended for the press, which 
would sett forth what rogues these three were, and did thereupon 
produce the same, which was very close writt, but he would not 
suffer this deponant to read the same. 


May 13, 1682. Before James Clayton, Esq. Charles Broion- 
inge^'\ saith, that, upon Wensday last, hee came from Newcastle 
towards New Bolton, in Yorkeshirc, and, the 12 day of this 
instant May, hee came to New Bolton, about 2 of the clocke in 
the night, and, knowing my Lord Wiltshire's closet where he 
used sometimes to lay some gold, hee fetched a lader forth of the 
gardins, and brought the same lader, and sett it up to the closet 
window, and then went up it, and broake a pane out of the case- 
ment and opened it, and soe entred into the said closett; and 
from thence hee tooke a cabinett in which hee thought there 
might be gold or some other treasure, and carried the cabinet 
away, but beinge closely pursued hee was forced to throw the 
said cabinet away. 


July 26, 1682. Before Wm. Pickering and Jos. Bawmer. 
Hester Wehster^X being aged 24 years or upwards, saycs, that 

* Mr. Justice Dolben was one of the Judges that tried the Roman Catholic gentle- 
men for their supposed shave in the plot. Some of the observations that he made were 
by no means seemly or decorous. 

•f- The confession of a burglar. 

X One of the most appalling tragedies in this century, and one that made a very 
great sensation in Yorkshire. Mr. Leonard Seurr was a native of Pontefract, and was 
educated at Sidney College, Cambridge. During the Commonwealth he officiated at 
the chapel of Beeston, near Leeds, and Calamy says that he, " though a good preacher, 
was a man of a bad character and a scandal to his profession." 

At the Restoration, he threw off his gown, and, having some means of his own, 
undertook the management of a coalmine and lived in a lonely house in Beeston Park. 
The family consisted only of Mr. Scurr, his aged mother, and a maid servant. He 
cared not for the solitary situation, as he was a vigorous and a daring man. 

At the end of January 1679-80 the house was attacked by some of his own workmen, 
possibly to gratify their revenge, but, more probably, in the hope of securing some plun- 
der. Then the frightful scene was enacted which is described in this deposition. The 
struggle was a terrific one, and the half-naked man fought with the boldness of despair 


being in tlie house of one Isaac Clark, upon the Comb, in Dublin, 
in the chamber over the house, in company at dinner with one 
Phoebe, once servant to Mr. Scurre, and who is now in Ireland, 
and one Elizabeth Clark who lives beyond London at present, 
these 3 persons being together, there came in Ralph Howroyde 
and his wife into the roome, and the aforesaid Phoebe askd if her 
Mr. Scurre was alive ; to which Ralph Howroyde replyed, he was 
barbarously murthered, and sayd that Little wood was felling a 
tree with Scurre the day before, and he sayd they came home 
(but named no persons), and the beasts were put out of the cow 
house, and the doors all made fast, and that there was a trapp- 
doore out of the house into the cow-house which was also made 
fast, and they went to the old woman in bed, (still naming no 
persons,) and the old woman sayd 3 times " Lord have mercy 
upon me, what would you do with mee ?" Upon that Mr. Scurre, 
hearing, came down in his shirt with a rapier drawn in his hand 

and nearly overpowered his assailants. They had him, however, in a trap, and the 
end was that he and his mother and servant were murdered under circumstances of 
the greatest barbarity. The house was set fire to and the ruffians made their escape. 

It was not known for a long time that a murder had been committed, although there 
were many suspicions. 

On the 24th of January Thoresby rode from Leeds to Beeston, " to see the most 
dreadful spectacle that was ever beheld in these parts. Mr. Scurr, bis mother, and a 
maid servant, every one burnt to death, last Thursday, at night between eleven and 
one o'clock, but whether accidentally, or designedly by the malice of some, (whom 
perhaps he was in suit with,) is yet uncertain. The old gentlewoman was most burnt ; 
her face, legs, and feet quite consumed to ashes, the trunk of her body much burnt, 
her heart hanging as a coal out of the midst of it. Part of his face and arms, with the 
whole body, unburnt, but as black as the coals, his hands and feet quite consumed. 
Very little of the maid was to be found, only I saw her head ; a most piteous sight ! 
Some observe all their skulls are broken, as it were, in the same place, which causes 
some to suspect it is wilfully done ; but if so, the Lord will reveal it, so that, in all 
probability, those inhuman murderers may have their deserts in this life." 

An account of this fearful tragedy was printed, and it was soon discovered that a 
murder had been committed. The motive for the crime is not so easily explained. 
Some thought that it was done in the desire of plunder, as Mr. Scurr was known to 
be thinking of a journey to London in connection with his affairs. Dr. Whitaker, 
however, remarks that it was suspected that the murderers had been instigated by 
some person of property at Beeston, who got possession of a part of Scurr 's estate, and 
had some papers belonging to him. In the minute books of the assizes I find some 
entries that throw some light on this mysterious assertion. In July, 1665, Richard 
Sykes, of Ilunslet, gen., Robert Batt, of Farneley, gen., and others, were charged with 
riotously entering upon a certain tenement belonging to Leonard Scurr, and were 
bound over to keep the peace. Thirteen months after this the same parties appear at 
the assizes with charges and countercharges of riot and assault. 

Mr. Scurr wrote " Some brief Instructions for Churchwardens and others to observe 
in all Episcopal and Archidiaconal Visitations,'" which he published without his name. 
The paper was written against Ecclesiastical discipline and authority. I find that in July, 
1664, Thomas Burwell, doctor of laws, was charged at the York assizes with illegally 
citing and excommunicating Leonard Scurr. This case had, probably, some connec- 
tion with the printed paper. 


and lie wounded them all, and he (that is Howroyd) thought two 
of them would dye upon their wounds: and Mr. Scurre thinkino- 
to escape (after he had wounded them) at the trapp-door there, 
he could not get out, and there they knockd him in the head with 
an axe. Then they brought him down and threw him upon his 
mother in her bed. And there was a pretty young woman, she 
beggd her life of them, and told them she would be rackd in 
peeces before she would tell of them, if they would spare her life. 
The men did grant her her life, but there was a woman she would 
not grant her her life, but choppt of her head betwixt the parlour 
doore and the house door. And they, thinking to make people 
beleive that it was done by accident, sett the house on fire. And, 
further, this Ralph Howroyde sayd that Thomas Webster went to 
the coale pitt in the morning, and he wondred his maister Scurre 
did not come. He lookt over towards the house and they all 
came to it, and Thomas Webster would have taken Mr. Scurr's 
body out with a spitt, and they would not suffer him. Ralph 
Howroyde's wife was by and present all along, and seemingly 
talked to the same purpose. And this deponent and others with 
her asking if any of the murderers were taken, hee, that is How- 
royde, sayd, Littlewood was suspected, and named Katherine 
Winne. the midwife, and another man or two he named, which 
were under suspicion, whome this deponent doth not now re- 
member. This was within 2 dayes that Howroyde and his wife 
were come over for Ireland.* 

* The sequel of the story must be told. Holroyd and his wife go to Ireland, and 
there, by a most providential circumstance, they meet a woman, unknown to them, who 
had once been in Mr. Scurr's service. They talk of the murder, without much reserve. 
The girl sees upon Holroyd's wife a scarlet petticoat and a gown which she remembers 
to have seen Mrs. Scurr wearing. She informs against them, and when the two are 
separately examined before the magistrate they contradict each other. Other evidence 
was gathered together, and Littlewood as well as Holroyd were sentenced to death at the 
York assizes in 1682. Littlewood was reprieved in hopes of some farther revelations 
from him which were never made, but Holroyd was hung, afterwards in chains on 
Holbeck Moor, in the presence of 30,000 spectators. He halted, on his way through 
Leeds, at the vicarage, and had some talk with Mr. Milner, but it did him no good. 
Thoresby, speaking of the 14th of August, 1682, says, " Most of the day taken up with 
visitants, to see Holroyd pass by to his execution, for the horrid murder of Mr. Scurr 
his mother, and a maid-servant. After, rode to the Moor, where were many thousand 
spectators ; but, alas ! frustrated exceedingly in their expectations, he dying in the 
most resolute manner that ever eye beheld, wishing (upon the top of the ladder) he 
might never come where God had anything to do if he vvas guilty, and so threw him- 
self off in an anger as it were, without any recommendation of himself to God that any 
could observe, which struck tears into my eyes, and terror to my heart, for his poor 
soul, earnestly imploring, while I saw any signs of life, that God would give him re- 
pentance for his crying sins, and be better to him than his desires." 



July 14, 1683. Before Peter Hudson, Mayor of Doncaster, 
and Thomas Lee. il/ary, wife of John Oddij^ of Rossington bridge 
end, saith, that the taller man, who calls himselfe by the name of 
John Reed,* came to her house yesterday about noone (this depo- 
nent and her husband keeping a publique house att Rossington 
bridge), and pretended to stay for some company to call of him 
there; but, noe body calling of him, this deponent used argua- 
ments for him to bee gone, saying they had noe lodging for liim, 
Hee still alledged that the said company would come, and that 
hee must have lodging there, for that they would call either that 
night or next morninge. This deponent was over perswaded to 
lett him have lodging. And in t^e night, about one or two a 
clocke, the lesser man, who calls himselfe by the name of John 
Squire, came to the house, and called and knocked att the dores 
and asked for a pott of ale. She refuseing to open the dores, hee 
threatened to breake the windows, and asked if they had noe 
lodgers in the house. She told him " Noe." He replyed they 
had one, a young man, and then called, " Jack!" Upon Avhich 
the lodger rose and spoake to him out of the window, and the 
lesser man asked him if hee would goe with him, and hee answered 
" Yes." After much noise and stirr this deponent was forced to 
open the chamber dore, where the lodger laid, and hee came down 
and opened the outward dore to the other, whoe then came into 
the house togeather, and called for ale and tobacco. When they 
had drunke the ale, the taller man locked the dore, and the lesser 
man seized upon a boy, called Francis Chambers, apprentice to 
this deponent's husband, who filled them ale, and told him G — d 

him, if hee did not tell him where the money lay hee would 

run him through, as the boy informed this deponent. And the 
boy escapeing from him, they both came into the roome where 
this deponent and her husband lay, the lesser man haveing his 
sword drawn, and severall times threatened this deponent and her 
husband to kill them, unless they would tell them where their 
money was. Whereupon tliis informant told them that tliey had 
noe money in the house. Hee told them that they had, and 
swore, and offered his sword att them, and said hee would run 
them through. Shee told them tliat, if they would save their 
lives, they should have all they had. Whereupon this deponent 

* A burglary with viulcnce at Rossington. The scene is very minutely described. 
A little lad makes his escape and alarms tho villagers, who capture the thieves. The 
two men were condemned to death, but wore reprieved. 


gave them their keys, but they, alledgmg they could not open the 
locks, forced her to rise and open the locks and deliver them their 
money, which was about I2s. They swore that there was more 
money in the house, and that they had lately sold land, and re- 
ceived for itt fifty pounds, whicli they would have, or else swore 
they would kill them, and searched all the house and chests for 
itt. And when they could not find itt, they retorncd and made 
a thrust att this deponent's husband, and pricked him in the side; 
which hee, endeavouringe to putt by, cutt his hand upon the 
sword. Whereupon this deponent catched hold of the raper, and, 
to prevent mischife, bent itt. Then they went out of the house, 
and locked the dore after them, and, shortly after, came back 
againe, and searched the house againe, and forced this deponent 
to give them all the money shee had in her pockett, which was 
about 3.^. in a little wood box. Dureing all this, Francis Chambers, 
the prentice, hadd gott out of the chamber window and raised the 
constable and some of the inhabitants att Rossington, Avho pursued 
them and tookc them. 


July 16, 1683. Before Timothy Foord and Nicholas Saunders, 
bayliffes of Scarborough. Fetei' Pose/ate, of Scarhrough, mr. and 
marriner* sayth, that, uppon the 27th day of June, about the 
houres of nine o'clocke, tliis deponent's mother informed him that 
Mr. Stephen Thompson, of Scarbrough, had sent his made twice 
to her to speake with this deponent. Whereuppon he went ini- 
mediately to Mr. Thompson's house, where he found him and his 
wife and Mr. Cornelius Moone. Then Mr. Thompson desired this 
deponent to give two gentlemen passage for Holland, and to be 
kind and civill to them, and they would content him for their pas- 
sage. And the said Mr, Thompson desired this deponent to order 
the cobble that attended his ship to come privately on the backe of 
the castle, to take them in, and pretended to this deponent, that they 

* Two Scarborough gentlemen, Mr. Thompson and Mr. Cornelius Moone, are accused 
of furthering the escape beyond the seas of two dangerous and suspicious persons. Mr. 
Thompson, in his defence, asserts, that one of the two was a kinsman of his, Richard 
Nelthorp, the other a Leeds merchant of the name of Layne. They told him that 
they were obliged to flee for debt, and he assisted them to escape, not lieing aware at 
the time that there was a proclamation for the capture of Nelthorp or any one else. 
The strangers had been at Whitby, Cloughton, and in the neighbourhood, for some 

There is a certificate appended to the depositions excepting Postgate from blame, as 
he had been imposed upon by Thompson. It is signed by L. Williamson, Denis 
Grrenville, Nic. Conyers, Thomas Legard,Anth. Salvin, Isaac Basire and Noel Boteler. 



were persons that were in debt and forced to abscond for the same, 
and afraid to come to a publique place where boates usually goe 
from, by reason they were afraid to meet with my Lord Marquesses 
of Winchester * servants, because they were indebted to my Lord. 
AVhereupon this deponent ordered the cobble to goe accordingly 
and take them in. x\nd this deponent went and cald of the said 
passengers about twelve a'clocke of the same day, at Mr. Thomp- 
son's house, and went aboard with them in the said cobble. He 
further sayth, that he delivered them safely ashore at Eotterdam, 
and they gave him five pounds for there passage, which hee 
thought was too much (having not usually such pay) and 
proffered them three pounds againe, but they would not receive 
it, but thought it well bestowed for there safe passage. And the 
day after they were arrived, comming from the church, a Bristoe 
merchant living at Roterdam challenged one of them, which was 
the taller man, and lyke hard something sliort, and called him by 
the name of Mr. Ward, pretending that they were schoole-fellowes 
together at Bristoe, and that he was bred as an attorney. He 
sayth that at that tyme he heard nothing of any plot, or that any 
proclamation was issued out from his Ma*'^^ for the apprehending 
of any persons. 


July 19, 1683. Before Sir John Legard, Bt., Wra. Osbaldes- 
ton, Esq., and Sir Richard Osbaldeston, Kt. Mr. James Calvert, 
of Boijnto)i,-\- N^o))co7ifori)mf,scdth, that upon Thursday, being the 

* Sir Joliii Kevesby, in his Memoirs, gives an amusing account of this nobleman. 
He paid him a visit. " He had four coaches and a hundred horses in his retinue, and 
staid ten days at a house he borrowed in our parts. His custom was to dine at six or 
seven in tlie evening, and his meal always husted till six or seven the next morning ; 
during which he sometimes drank ; sometimes he listened to music ; sometimes he fell 
into discourse ; sometimes he took tobacco ; and sometimes he ate his victuals ; while 
the company had free choice to sit or rise, to go or come, to sleep or not. The dishes 
and bottles were all the time before them on the table ; and when it was morning, he 
would hunt or hawk, if the weather was fair ; if not, he would dance, go to bed at 
eleven, and repose himself till the evening. Notwithstanding this irregularity, he was 
a man of great sense, and tliough, as I just now said, some took him to be mad, it is 
certain his meaning was to keep biiiisolf out of the way of mure serious censure in these 
. ticklish d.ays, and preserve his estate, which he took great care of." I liave heard a 
somewhat similar story of iiini when Duke of Uolton. Ho feigned insanity for a time, for 
political reasons, and used to hunt by torchlight among the woods and cliffs that are 
near Marske, in Swaledale. 

-f- The well-known and very learned Nonconfoiniist minister, James Calvert, is in 
trouble. Ho had been unwittingly committing treason, by aiding the sailing of two gen- 
tlemen from England. Thoy were suspicious persons, and tliere was a royal procla- 


28tli of June, there came to the liouse of 8ir Tlioinas Strickland, 
Barr'^, at Boynton, one Sir John Cockroom, (a Scotchman, who 
married the said Sir Thomas Strickland's sister,) and his sonn, 
and another gentleman, who, as the servants said, his name was 
Duglas, and two young men, servants to the said Sir John. The 
said Sir John dcclard he had a desire to goe by sea into Holland; 
and to that end inployed one Mr. Rickeljy to provide a shipp for 
them ; but the informant apprehending the said Sir John desired 
to be gon asoon as he could, voluntarily went to Bridlington key, 
to Mr. Rickcby, to know whether a vessell was provided or noe. 
But he could not be resolved that a vessell was hired for them, 
so he returned to Boynton, and told Sir John that Mr. Eickeby 
was looking after a shipp for him. The next morning, being 
Friday, about six a'clock, he in the company of the said Sir 
John and his sonn, the said Duglas (he being a middle sized 
man for stature, inclining to be corpulent, sharpe visage and short 
black ciirld hair,) and one Duke Raine, gardiner to Sir Thomas 
Strickland, went to the sea side near Barmston dock, where they 
stayd about halfe an houre; and in that time, upon some signes 
being made by the said Sir John and others, l)y waving of there 
hatts, there came from a shipp riding near the shore a boate, 
which carryed from on shore to the said vessell the said sir 
John, his sonn, and the gentleman named Duglas. He saith that 
Sir John ordered that his servants should stay at Boynton untill 
he returned, or that they heard further from him. A letter was 
brought to him, being directed for him, which was from Sir 
John's sonn, the contents of which was to returne thankes to all 
at Boynton, and especially to Mr. William Strickland and his 
selfe, and nothing else. He allso saith, that at Sir Johne's first 
coming to Boynton, he desired that the busines might be kept 
private, and that no noise might be made of itt. 

Jan. 3. s. a. Before Sir John Reresby, Bt. Elizabeth Burton * 

mation to the effect that men of that description were to be arrested, and were not to 
be allowed to leave the country. 

The strange gentlemen had been visiting at some of the first houses in the East 
Riding. John Thompson, Sir John Cockroom's groom, says that they spent one night 
at Sir Barrington Bourchier's, at Beningbrough. From thence they went to Mr. .St. 
Quintin's, at Scampston, and then to Boynton. 

Mr. Calvert was at this time chaplain to the family of Strickland. He was brought 
there by Sir William Strickland, and remained at Boynton preaching and educating 
Sir William's son, till the death of tlie baronet and his lady. 

* A most interesting deposition, which throws great light upoij the proceedings of 

s 2 


saith, that slice, beinge discontented with her freinds, went to 
service in Ncwarkc, where shee fell accquainted with Edmond 
Bracy, of the county of Nottingham, John Kevison, of the 
county of Yorke, Thomas Wilbore, of the county of Notting- 
ham, Thomas Tankard, of the county of Lincolnc, John Bromett, 
Wm. or Robert Everson, of noe certaine abode, but commonly at 
the Talbott in Newarke, all high-waymen, whoc tabled this in- 
formant at a house in Newarke, and maintained her with apparrell, 
and all other necessaryes, for two ycares, and as much as since 
May last. That the said Bracy, &c., have committed severall 
robberyes within the time before mentioned ; and hired a roome 
by the yeare at the Talbott, in Newarke, where they comonly 
mett, after any robbery donnc, and devided the spoyle ; to which 
place they did usually send for this ex*, and did give her some 
part of what they gott. The robberyes which this cx^ did heare 
them confess they had comitted weare as folio we : 

1. One betweene Grantham and Stamford, donne by three of 
them (viz.) Nevison, Everson, and Bromett, where they tooke 
about 300^. from a shop-keeper; of which this ex' had as much as 
paid for a quarter's table. 

2. One neare to JNIaultby in Yorkeshire, donne by three, 
Nevison, Bracy, and Tankerd, where they tooke about 200/. from 
one Malim of Rotheram, when he was goinge towards Gains- 
brough mart was a twelve month; whereof they gave this ex' 21. 

3. That of Lyncolncshire, where they tooke a grcate booty, 
but which of them committed the same shee knoweth not. 

4. One in Yorkeshire, committed by Nevison, Bracy, Tankerd, 
and Wilbore, where they tooke above 300/., of which this ex* 
had 9.'^. to buy her a white petticoatc. 

5. One betweene Gainsbrough and Xewarke, committed by 
Nevison, Everson, and Tankerd, where they tooke about 200/. 

Nevinson, the famous highwayman. A woman, who had been an accomplice, is 
charged with stealing clothes at Mansfield. She expected that her old companions 
would be able to set her free, but, as they failed her, she makes a clean breast, and 
discloses all the robberies that they had committed. 

The exploits of Nevinson have been made famous by popular tradition and the ballad 
literature of the country. The chroniclers of his deeds have told us of his daring and 
his charities, for he gave away to the poor much of the money that he took away from 
the rich. We do not hear of his taking a lady out of her coach to dance a minuet 
with him, but he was renowned for his courtesy, and, like the famous Duval, 

'' Taught the wild Arabs on the road 
To act in a more gentle mode." 

Nevinson had a li>ng career of success, but it terminated at last. In 1G76 lie was tried 
and condemned for a robbery at York, but was reprieved. Ho returned to liis old 
couvscs, and was arrested in March l(iS3-] in a public-house near Sandal, for a trifling 
robbery. lie was sent to York, and was executed in May. 


from a Londoner, that had beene at the hist mart; as alsoe one 
caudle cup of silver and a tankerd and two silver bodkins. All 
which she found in the portmanture, and is now, or was lately, in 
their roome at the Talbot, marked with the letter T, except the 
two bodkins, which they gave her, one of which shee lost, the 
other shee*yet hath. As alsoe 2!)s. to (buy) her a serge petticoate, 
and a paire of bodyes. 

6. One betwcenc Longe Billington and Gunnerby, on Whitsun- 
Monday last, coinitted by Bromett and Bracy, where they tooke 
about 30Z. from a drovier, supposed to bee a Yorkeshireman. Of 
this they gave this ex* soe much as paid for a quarter's table, and 
bought the wastecoate on her back. 

7. One neare Edlington in Yorkeshire, comitted by Nevison 
and Bracy, between Martinmas and Cliristcnmas last, where they 
got about 50/. 

8. One neare Stilton, in Huntingtonshire, about May was a 
twelvemonth, committed by Tankerd and Bromett, where he 
tooke but 5/., of which they only gave this ex* a new halfe 

9. That neare Rotheram, from a butcher on Rotheram faire day 
was twelve months, comitted by Bracy and Nevison, where they 
tooke 30/., and gave to this ex* 16.s., wherewith shee bought foure 
els of holland. 

10. One neare Roistone, betweene Mayday and Lammas last, 
comitted by all the sixe, where they tooke 250/., of which this 
ex* had two peeces of goold, as much silver as paid for halfe a 
yeares table, and Qs. Sd. more, to buy her some shifts. 

Shee further saith that shee thinkes the master of the Talbot is 
privy to their carriages, for that shee hath often scene them 
whisper togather; as alsoe one William Anwood, the ostler there, 
shee haveinge often scene the said partyes give him good summs of 
money, and order him to keepe their horses close, and never 
to water them but in the night time. Shee further saith, that 
they doe keepe another woman at Lyncolne in Castlegate, at the 
house betweene the signes of the Swan and the Crowne. One 
Hugh Peter lives at one end of the house, shee at the other. 
Shee hath beene mantained by them foure yeares, and hath had a 
childe to Bracy, which is deade. Slice further saith that shee 
came from Newark to see some freinds about Sheffeild, but was 
diverted to Rotheram by reason of hideinge herself after the 
cloaths taken at Mansfeild. And that the two men that came to 
her at Rotheram the Monday before Christmas day last was Bracy 
and Tankerd. They came to see her, and to charge her to keepe 
counsell, and gave her two peeces of goold. 


March 26, 1684. Pete7- Shippen saith,tliat he Avas at the foot- 
race at Chappell-town-moor, the 23 of August last past. That, 
the night before, he laid at the hous of Mrs. Rushton in Barnbo, 
and went to the race the morning after about nine of the clock 
with Nicholas Sliippen and others. That he continued ther till 
about four a'clock in the afternoon, and then returned to the com- 
pany of Mr. Hall of SAvillinton, the saxton of that place. He 
stayed and drunke with him at the hous of one Grant, in White- 
church, till abo\it 7 of the clock, and then went to Barnbo. The 
next morning getting up early he went to Shippen to the house 
of the said Nicholas Shippen very early, and desired him to lend 
him some mony to carry him to London, for that he designed for 
that place, but had lost all his own the day before at the foot-race. 
He could only furnish him with 10s., which obliged him to goe 
to Garford, lialfe a mile distance from thence, to one Tho. Hunt, 
of whom he further did borrow 20.v. From thence he went to 
the house of Hall, the saxton of Swillinton, with whom he stayed 
from eight in the morning till two in the afternoon. From thence 
he went to Pewill Hill, near Barnsley. From thence he went 
for Oxford, wher he stayed five days with a sister that was married, 
and soe came to London, wher he hath continued ever since with 
his master, Mr. Thomas Gascoin. He saith that he knoweth Mr. 
Nevison, that he did frequent him sometimes, but it was to gett 
some mony of him that he owed him, but not uppon any other 
account. He hath seen Will. Knight, but not since Mielemas 
1682, and that he went under the reputation of Nevison's man, 
but that he knoweth not wher he is. 


June 22, 1684. Before Robert Waller, Lord-mayor of York. 
Francis Tliomlinson, grocer* Wm. Lifter and Henry Sparlinge, 

* An interesting account of the seizure of a Presbyterian congregation in York. 
Tlicrc was a large number of Nonconformists at that time in the city. The chapel in 
St. Saviourgate was not yet built, and their meetings for religious exercises were held 
in private houses. There was frequently an assembly, according to Oliver Hey wood, 
at the house of Mr. Andrew Taylor in Micklegato. On this occasion the meeting was 
held at the house of Mrs. Rokeby. She was either the mother or the wife of Thomas 
Rokeby, Esq., (afterwards a judge,) at that time tho great legal adviser of the Non- 
conformists in the North of England. In his private note-book he speaks of his hav- 
ing had a share of imprisonment. Possibly he had got into trouble for affording shelter 
to some of the persecuted ministers of his party. 

Mr. AVard and Mr. Taylor were fined 60/. each, and were committed to Ousebridge 
gaol. Oliver Heywood saw Mr. Ward tliere in tho cotivsp of tho following year. 


say, that, this day, beinge infbrui'cl of a tumultuous meeteinge at 
one Mrs. Rooksbye's house without Micklegate barr, they, together 
with Aid" Consta])lc, went there about 8 or 9 of the clocke this 
morneinge, and demanded entrance, but were denyed. Where- 
upon by order of the said Aid" Constable they were admitted, and 
they found there the followinge persons, to witt, Mr. Andrew 
Taylor, Ralph Ward, a pretended minister, John Gowland, of 
Knapton, Wm. Banckes, Thomas Raine and his wife, Jane Dods- 
worth, Richard Fisher, Abraham Smyth, Wm. Garforth, James 
Beverley, Wm. Gowland and Eliz. his wife, Richard Overend, of 
Foulforth, Henry Whales and Joshuah Habber, Jolm Ridsdale, 
of Naburne, Charles Waterhouse, Hannah Thompson, John 
Carter, Anne Walker, Aid" Dawson's wife, Mercy Fuckeringe, 
Abigail Taylor, Judith Robinson, Knightlcy Hickson, of Leeds, 
Katherine Hobson, Francis Ward and Mary Ward, Mathew 
Birkett, Obedd. Lupton, Robert Slayter, Martin Hotham, Wm. 
Halleday, of Huntinton, Thomas Blackett, and divers others un- 
knowne to these deponents; some of whom they found in lofls 
above the garretts, and Mr. Ward and Mr. Taylor in a closett 
lockt up ; and the rest in severall other roomes. 

There is a long account of Ralph Ward in Calamy, to whose pages my readers must 
be referred. The same author speaks of Mr. Taylor as " that public-spirited merchant, 
who opened his door for private meetings in the straitest times." Martin Hotham was 
a merchant in the city. His son afterwards officiated at the chapel in St. Saviourgate. 

I find several indictments preferred for holding conventicles. 

"May 24, 1674. Against John Thoresby, gent., Susanna Idle, Brian Dixon and 
his wife, Hannah Scatcherd, the wife of Joseph Ibbetson, the wife of — Bickerdike, 
gen., Jeremiah Thoresby, &c., for being at a conventicle at Leeds in a house called 

" June 7, 1674. A conventicle at the house of Robert Armitage, clerk, in Holbeck. 

"Jan. 17, 1677-8. Against John Loxley, Samuel Thornes and Richard Dawson, 
for holding conventicles at Wakefield." 

The Nonconformists were, I believe, generally indicted at the sessions. 

The following deposition reveals the delinquencies of a Cumberland magistrate who 
fell into the hands of Chief Justice Jeffreys. 

"Aug. 6, 1684. Before Lord Cheife Justice Jefferies. James Applehij,ge)it., sayes 
that Henry Foster, of Stonegarthside, in the county of Cumberland, Esq., one of his 
Ma''^' Justices of the peace for the said county, and, alsoe, the said Henry Foster's 
wife, declared before this informant and others that they did keepe a conventicle in 
their house, and would contynue the same. And this informant, in Dec. 1682, gave 
in an informacon against severall dissenters to the said Henry Foster, and prayed 
proceedings thereon, but he never prosecuted such dissenters, although often requested. 
Hee was credibly informed by severall of the servants of the said Mr. Foster that hee 
nor his lady never takes the sacrament or goes to the parish church, nor does baptize 
their children according to the liturgy of the Church of England, but hath them 
baptized in his owne house by some fannaticall feild preacher in Scotland." 



July 19, 1684. Before Sir Richard Neile. Robert Forter, a 
prisoner in Morpeth <joale,^' saith that Tliomas Aswall, one of the 
smiths belonging to the garrison of Tinmouth, in which garrison 
this informant was a souldicr, haveing by this informant bene 
scene and observed 6 or 7 seveiall tymes to come out of the gun- 
roomc belonging to the said garrison, and perticularly one morne- 
ing about 5 or 6 a'clock, this inforinaiit in the darke went in at 
the same doore he came out of, then open, which he tooke to be 
the gun-rooine, and there groping about he found a barrell in 
which there was about 5 or 6 cartaridges of powder, which he 
tooke away, and which was that powder that was fyred in the 
smith's shop at Shcilds, which powder this informant had not 
taken, nor ever found the way into the gun-roomc, but he have- 
ing received scverall parcells of powder from the said Aswall to 
sell, which he sold, and he then, with the (said) Thomas divided 
the money, being 5 or 6 pounds of powder each tyme for five 
tymes at the least, which he sold to Isaac Hunter, of Shields, who 
willingly bought it. But he beleiveth he knew nocthing how he 
came by it. This informant was first sent to sell powder to Hun- 
ter by Aswall, and by watching him whore he gott the powder he 
found the way into the gun-roome, where he beleiveth the said 
Asswall had often bene, his shop haveinge not longe before this 
informant tooke the said powder bene blowne up, which was 
arched over with the stone. All which he hopeth the officers of 
Tinmouth well remember, and that there was iron instruments for 
opening locks taken belonging to Aswall, which he first denyed 
and then owned. And this informant sayth that about seaven 
weeks since there was brought to him in the goale Ws. by one 
Thomas Jackson of North Shcilds, who said he brought it from 
Thomas Aswall to give this informant, and told him the said 
Thomas bid him kecpe his owne councell, and noe harm woidd 
come either to this informant or the said Aswall, for it would 
onely be a little imprisonment, and at Lammas he would be cleerc. 

* A soldier belonging to the garrison of Tynemouth, who had got into trouble, ac- 
cuses a comrade of stealing powder out of the gun-room. The character of Porter had 
been a very indifferent one. lie had been charged with horse-stealing, and breaking 
into two shops. It is quite possible that his story is a made-up one. 



Aug. 19, 1684. Before Wm. Christian, Esq. John Kerren, 
of Wldteliaven, <jen.,* saitli, that, being in company of Roo-cr 
Hendley, of Workington, gen., in the house of Thomas Jackson, 
in Whitehaven, one Wm. Beckwith, (an officer of the customes in 
this port,) said, " that, if ever a Parliament did sitt in England, the 
Duke of York would appeare more guilty than the Duke of Mon- 
mouth in any of his actions." And, on the 9th of April, beino- 
on board the ship Pearl of Whitehaven, he caused severall of the 
seamen to drink the Duke of Monmouth's health, and afterwards 
swearing by — he hoped to see him (meaning the Duke of Mon- 
mouth) farr above the Duke of York, and that he would fight for 
him as long as hee had blood. And " When a Parliament sitts, 
then wee shall see how York Avill appear, and the greatest friends 
he hath," and, " The Parliament will lopp oiFhis head." 


Nov. 20, 1684. Before Wm. Bridgeman, Esq. Memorandum, 
that, one day about the latter end of winter or beginning of the 
spring 1677-8, Edmund Appelby f was drinking pretty briskly in 
the house of William Orfeur, and was using severall diswasive ar- 
guments, most of them consisting of ambiguous terms, viz., from 
Wm. Orfeur, his keeping or managing any farm, or any other of 

* The first of a series of depositions relating to the Monmouth controversy and tlie 
intrigues of the Protestant and Roman Catholic parties in favour of tlieir respective 
champions. It will be seen how popular the ill-fated Monmouth was in the North 
of England. 

Mr. Beckwith speaks his mind very freely. Henry Nicholson, the constable of 
Whitehaven, says that he went to appi-ehend him, and found him in the house of 
Henry Brunton, mariner, who locked the door and refused to let him in. Brunton 
and a man called Levett Thompson detained the constable till Beckwith made his 
escape. The officer followed him to the house of Henry Tubman, who refused to 
allow him to arrest the fugitive, but put him off by promising to bail his guest if he 
was left alone till the morrow. With Tubman's aid Beckwith got away, it was sup- 
posed, to Ireland. 

-f- A very singular deposition. It is written in the neatest and most precise hand, 
and is signed by Mr. Orfeur. The scribe was probably a neighbouring schoolmaster 
who wrote down the story at the Squire's dictation. The peculiar, and occasionally 
grandiloquent, style of the deposition is amusing. 

The Orfeurs were a very ancient family. The gentleman who is now mentioned 
seems to have been a person of singular habits. Mr. Appelby denies the truth of the 


that pevswasion, as a reputed Papist, &c. And, att severall times 
before, in Edmund Appelby liis own house, had made use of strong 
sophisticall arguments to the disparagement of monarchichall 
government of England. As alsoe by justifying the death of the 
late King, Cliarles the First, to have been deserving, as a combiner 
with and intentionary introducer of Popery. And that his mur- 
dering his subjects in Ireland deserved as many deaths to him as 
he had haires of his head, if possibly he could have had so many 
lives to have lost, being worse then the massacry of France. As 
also that this Charles the Second was going the same rode, and 
had made further progress in the same, and such like matters, and 
consequently better deserved to undergoe the same punishment 
then his father. And that to his knowledge he would as sure gett 
itt, as he had done that was gone, before the expiracion of Wm. 
Orfeur his four years lease, which was then within less then 13 or 
14 months or thereabouts. And, therefore, " I advise you," said 
Appelby to Orfeur, " to look to yourself, for as soon as God sends 
us the King's business done, there will not one Papist be per- 
mitted to be within the compass of the sea." And withall he 
threatned that he should not speak of it, for being none but their 
two selves, if he would be so ingratefull for his kindness to dis- 
cover him, he would both deny it and sue him for a slander. 
But so it was that Wm. Orfeur his servant heard the same and 
inore than he could remember, which of late she voluntarily dis- 
covered to him : and signified the same by the specificall token 
that above or a litle atler that juncture of time a violent wind 
blew over her litle child, then about four years old, with such 
force against a great stone, that it had almost bled to death And 
in that passion for the child she cursed all tray tors, either by word 
or deed, or any that bare with them. 

And the said Edmund Appelby further intimated to Wm. 
Orfeur that if it was his fortiuie to have the same poAver in the 
Commonwealth of England, as formerly he had in Oliver's time, 
as he then said he had often formerly told Wm. Orfeur in Mr. 
Menel's case of Kilvington, when he was a superintendant to the 
sequestrators of the delinquents' estates, which indeed he did at 
severall times Ijefore notific to the said Wm. Orfeur, that then he 
would have a dispensation for the litle man, meaning Wm. Orfeur, 
for his banishment (but not from Rome, he said by way of deri- 
sion, &c.) if he would bo kind to him in surrendering of a lease 
which he then had. 

Memorandum, that James Appelby, about 15 or 16 months 
after, in the year 1679, when Wm. Orfeur and his servants de- 
manded n gun from him wliich ]\o kept and detained without 


leave, his answer was, that lie had authority to keep a gun, 1)ut 
the Papists had none, neither for gun or other weapons. But 
then a litle time after it happened that one of the said servants 
asked him againe for the gunc, and hy what authority he de- 
tained it, whose answer was, by vertue of the law and severall 
acts of Parliament which was in force against Papists bearing or 
wearing of arms. And the said Wm. Orfeur being nigh to the 
said servant, (though not in James Appelby his view,) prompted 
him to ask whether he had the King's commission to put such 
laws in execucion against tlie Papists or no. His answer was, 
"The King! no! he had better warrant then either King or 
Papist. He had the fundamentall laws of the kingdom for his 
warrant, and hop'd in few days now that the Commonwealth of 
England should be once up againe, and should gett their hearts 
all well eas'd of this King and the Papists, as formerly they had 
done of his father and them in those days." The servant replyed 
she hoped for better things, and James Appelby his rejoinder to 
that was, " That it was but bare hopes, for the law hath as good 
right to try a King as a subject, as experience the fair tryall of the 
last King Charles the First. And the same law hath the same 
power over this Charles the Second ; which if he see not before he 
be a yeare elder, Pll be content to hang for him, therefore never 
feed yourselves fatt with vaine hopes of a boasting sound and 
ring, a King ! a King ! No. Let him be sure that his treache- 
rous wayes and his red letter men's (meaning the King and 
Papist's) will not many years after seventy-eight be engraven 
upon his neck with letters of blood, as sure as his father's was in 
forty-eight; he need expect no other." 

Dorothij Stephenson, being servant to Mr. Wm. Orfeur of Aller- 
garth, about eight years ago, heard him say to Mr. Edmond Ap- 
pleby, " Before the Papists be wronged I will goc to the King." 
Upon which Mr. Appleby replyed, " For ought 1 knowe the King- 
is but a rogue and beares with Papists;" and Mr. Orfeur said, 
" That is more then you can prove." She further sayth that 
she hath scene Mr. Edmond Appleby both clip and coyne sil- 
ver at Asherton, she being then his servant, about twenty yeares 



Feb. 19. 16S4-5. Bcfovc Sir Richard. Ncile. Manj Darleij, of 
North ShellJs, iruUlotv* sayetli, that shee, coining in company in 
a wherry from Newcastle to Sheilds, with Peter Rayning, of 
North Sheilds, who hath lived there scverall years as a Scotch 
chapman, some discourse being betwixt the master and Peter 
Rayning that our gracious King, Charles the Second, being dead, 
under whome there had been peaceable tymes, and, by there dis- 
course, feareing tliat under our new King, James the Second, that 
there would be troubles, this informant, being laid downe in the 
wherry, it being night tyme, rose up and said, " Here hath bene 
hard tymes already for a j^oore widdow to make shift with a 
charge of children, pray God send us peace and quietnes." The 
said Peter Rayning said in answere, " Wee had better have a 
redd warr then a peace, unles it l^e to the honor of God." The 
said Peter is a dissenter from the Church of England, and is an 
inhabitant in the house of George Wilson, Avho is the like, 
and hath been questioned for the same, as shee hath heard; 
and shee sayeth that, the 15th instant, shee goeing into the 
house of Patrick Atking, of North Sheilds, a Scotchman and 
a cobler, to light a candle, IMargarett Atking his wife said, 
" Neighbour, did not you heare the post of last night? " " Yes, I 
heard and saw it, but what is the newes, neighbour?" Where- 
upon shoe answered and said, " Very badd newes, for our new 
King James is dcad,t and they say they have surfeited him, and 
he hath bene thrice lett blood since his brother died." To which 
this informer said, " God forbid," and then this informer in an 
amasement went to Mr. James Hebden's liouse, the dcputie-water- 

* A Scottish pedlar at North Shields is in trouble. We should call him, in these 
days, a red-republican. Mrs. Darley seems to have been a very mischievous person. 
The scarcity of newspapers at that time made the dissemination of false news a very 
venial ott'ence. 

■f- The following deposition illustrates this, and shows the strong Protestant feeling that 
prevailed at that time in Newcastle. " Feb. 11, lC)84-5. Before Wm. Aubone, Mayor 
of Newcastle. Henry Alder, merchant, servant to Ralph Elstob, merchant, deposeth 
that, this afternoono, one Ann Baxter told this deponent she sec Jonathan Carr, 
merchant, servant to George Huntley, merchant, receive a Icttrc from the post-boy, 
and open the same ; and asking him what news, he said ' Bad news, the King is ill of 
the same distemper his late Ma'''' dyed otf.' And further saytli, that afterwards he was 
in company with the said Jonathan Carr, and Samuell Hancock, another of the ser- 
vants of the said George Huntley, and this deponent asked Carr about the letter and 
words, to which, after a little pause, ho answered, ' I wish it may be soe ;' upon which 
Hancock reproveil him, bidding him have a care what he said ; to which he againe re- 
plied, ' It were better for the nation if it were soe.' " 


baylilFe and land-baylifTc, and told him and liis wife with sorrow 
what shee had heard, and asked him whether it was true. The 
said Hebden's answere was, " I hearc noc such newes, and God 
forbid it should be true, and I advice you to speake noe more of 
it;" and this informant sayeth shee never spoake more of it till 
she was sent for to give information, and since she was sent for, 
Abigail Turner hath abuesed this informant and her children, 
and sayth shee is fltt to be whipped through the towne for in- 
forming against her neighbours, and shee sayth that Isabell 
Trumble alsoe hath abuesed her about the same matter, and badd 
her goe and forswcare hcrsclfc as she had done. 


March 10, 1684-5. 

A true list of the prisoners in Ouse bridge, who were inha- 
bitants in the .Citty of York, and at a session their were 
comitted to a prgemunire * by the Mayor, Aldermen, 
Sheriff, and Recorder of the said Citty of Yorke. Certi- 
fied by Jo. Constable and Jo. Wood. 

The hon^^° Mary Fnirtax,f wife to the hon^^*^ John Fairfax, 

* Two very interesting lists. In the lattei' part of the reign of Charles II. the 
Statute of Prsemunire was put in force, and many Roman Catholics, who refused to 
take the Oath of Allegiance, were thrown into prison, and subjected to other incon- 
veniences. These severe measures were rendered necessary by the discovery of the 

In July, lOSi), I find that the following persons were in confinement in York Castle 
for refusing the oaths : 

John and Robert Berry, Francis Aiscough, Thomas Coates, John Atkinson, Francis 
Osbaldeston, Anthony Langworth, John Cornwallis, alias Prassett, William AUanson, 
Simon Nicholson, Sir John Lawson, Et. George Meynill, Esq. Francis Tunstall, Esq, 
Anthony Metcalf, gen. Edward Birbecke, gen. Anchetel Bulmer, gen. George Allen, 
Robert ^Mlson, gen. Wm. Ilildreth, gen. John Dawson, Mary Waite, widow, John 
Lambert, gen. Roger Meynill, Esq. Peter Midleton, Esq. James Thornton, gen. Ka- 
therine Witham, widow, Richard Snow, Philip Constable, Esq. Francis Mollineux, 
Mary Hogg, Mary Moore, Eliz. wife of Thomas Clarke. 

When James II. came to the throne the tables were turned, and there was every 
desire to help those who were still in gaol on account of their religion. Orders were, 
in all prol)ability, sent from the King to the country prisons directing lists of the suf- 
ferers to be made out,and every circumstance to be mentioned which was in the favour of 
the prisoners. These two lists seem fully to warrant what I say, and they were most 
probably drawn up for the King's perusal. Every thing that the sufferers had done for 
Charles I. and II. is carefully specified. We may be very sure that they would be re- 
leased from gaol, but the confinement had done its work with many of them. .Some, 
no doubt, had taken the oaths and had been released after a short imprisonment ; others 
would procure the King's pardon. 

f The wife of John Fairfax, Esq., a younger son of Thomas Viscount Fairfex, by 
a daughter of Sir Philip Howard, of Naworth. Her father. Colonel Hungate, was 


daughter to OoUonull Francis Hungate, coloiiell of horse, who 
was in the service of his late Majesty of happy memory; his 
estate sequestred from his wife and children, by which this pri- 
soner is a great sufferer. 

The worshipful Magdalen Metham,* wife to George Metham of 
Metham, Esq., whose father George Metham, Esq. was wounded, 
taken prisoner at Willoughby fight; whose grandfather, Sir 
Jordan Metham, was a great agent at the setting up of the King's 
standert in Yorkshire ; whose wife and children were sequestred ; 
whose uncle. Sir Thomas Metham, was slain at Hessay moor: by 
which this prisoner and her husband are great sufferers. 

The honour'd Catherine Lassells, widdow to Edward Lassells, 
a leiftenant in his late Majesty's service, whose father George 
Thwing, Esq., rais'd a troop of horse; whose brother, Alphonso 
Thweng,t levied a company of foot for his late Majesty's service ; 
for which their estates were sequestred, and this prisoner at ten 
years old was imprisoned by Young Hotham, for being the 
daughter and sister of such royallists; and has suftred other 

The hon<3 George Thwaites,| (and Mary his wife), lieftenant of 
a company of foot in his late Majesty's service; taken prisoner, 
sequestred iintill his late Majesty's happy return ; by which these 
prisoners were great sufferers. 

The much esteem'd John Andrews, § gent., of a loyall family 
in Wales, his nearest relations having bin great sufferers for his 
late Majesty's service; who coming to the spaws for his health, 
was seiz'd upon as a stranger, and clapt into praemunire, by which 
this prisoner has much sufFer'd. 

We, whose names are heere subscrib'd, do know and ar well 
satisfied that the within- named prisoners have bin and are loyall 
and peace full subjects to his late and present Majesty, and, in 

killed fighting foi- Charles I. at Cliester. What an outrage to decency and Christian 
charity it was, to speak mildly, to confine ladies in a prison which, when the Ouse was 
high, was partially under water ! 

* Any one might be proud of such a pedigree of loyal ancestors. The Methams of 
Metham were one of the most illustrious families in Yorkshire. Sir Thomas Metham 
fell at Marston Moor, with many of the Northern gentlemen. Jordan, the eldest son 
of Sir .Jordan Metham, was killed at the siege of Pontefract Castle. 

t The Thwengs, of Heworth, near York, were an ancient Roman Catholic family. 
It must not lie forguttt'n that tliis lady'.s brother, Tlioinas Thweng, a priest, was exe- 
cuted for high treason at York in 1(381. She was a nicco, also, of Sir Gas- 
coine, of Barnbow. 

X Of Marston, near York, and a member of a family that had l>cen seated there for 
a very long time. 

§ The account of the arrest of this person has been ulnady printed. Nothing 
whatever is said ofliis being a Roman Catlioiic priest. 


themselves, parents and tamilys, have bin great sufierers for their 
loyalty. Which we, being desired to certifie to whom it may 
concern, in love to their persons and pitty to their sufferings, have 
subscribed our names. 

A list of the prisoners in praemunire in the castle of York, 
comitted to that prison from severall Sessions held in 
that County. Certified by Sir Tho. Mauleverer and Sir 
Thomas Rudston. 

Francis Aiscough,* Esq., who was lieftenant of a troop of 
horse rais'd by his brother James Aiscough. The said Francis 
was wounded, imprison'd, sequestred for his loyalty and service to 
his late Majesty. 

Ancketillus Buhner, f the son of Anthony Buhner, lieutenant- 
colonell in his late Majesty's service; the which has sufferd much. 

Eobert Wilson, gent. 

William Hildred, gent. All souldiers sequestred, and suf- 

Kobert Berry, gentleman, ferers for their loyalty and service 

Anthony MedcaiF, gent. to his late Majestic. | 

Edward Burbeck, gent. 

Thomas Cotes, servant to the old Lord Falconberg. 

Francis Molineux, servant to the worshipful family of the 
Constables of Everingham, loyall subjects and sufferers. 

Francis Osbaldeston,§ son of Sir Francis Osbaldeston, a loyall 
person, who with imprisonment lyes bed-ridden in the prison 
neare upon these two years, being 80 years old. 

Anthony Langworth, gent.; whose father was turn'd out of his 
estate; whose uncle, Sir John Langworth, colonell under his late 
Majesty, and his present Majesty's father, and his uncle Sir Francis 
Prujean, was knighted by his late Majesty. This prisoner is loyall, 
and a great sufferer in himselfe and relations. 

Simon Nicholson, gent., an Irishman and a stranger, who tra- 

* A sou of Alan Ayscough, Esq. of Skewsby, and brother of James Ayscough, of 
Middleton-one-row. Mr. Ayscough had been in prison for five or six years. He has 
been already mentioned. 

-f- Grandson of Sir Bertram Bulmer, of Tursdale, co. Durham, and one of the last 
representatives of a great and most illustrious house. He died in 1718, aged 84. 
Sir Bertram ruined the family estates, and raised and led a troop to the Low Country 
Wai's, In 1726 a person of the name of Bertram Bulmer " kept the cock-pit aud 
bowling green in Gray's Inn, and was in possession of an ancient emblazoned pedi- 
gree of Bulmer extending beyond the Conquest !" 

."I; North Riding gentlemen, several of whom had been in gaol for a very long time. 

§ This gentleman, and Langworth and Nicholson, had been in prison for some years. 
They were reputed priests. Mr. Osljaldeston is mentioned in the State Trials, in con- 
nection with Bolron, the informer, who made a ludicrous mistake with reference to 


veiling through the county was apprehended, and clapt in prsB- 
munire; his sclfe loyall, and his family, and great sufferers. 
John Lambert, shopkeeper, a loyall subject and sufferer. 
George Allen, 1 all common souldiers in his late ]\Iajesty's and 
Eichard Snow, MH'Csent Majesty's fix ther's service; sequestred, 
John Dawson, ' and now maintain'd in prison by common alms. 

]Vo7ne7i prisoners. 

The worshipful Mary and Margarett More,* living in this 
county upon a farm of their mother's, Avere committ to prasmunire 
(the said Margarett dyed in prison), the daughters of Thomas 
More, Esq., the grandchildren of Chrizaker More, who was the 
grandchild of Sir Thomas ]\Iore, quondam Lord Chancelour of 
England. The prisoner, in hcrselfe and fiimily, loyall, and a 
great sufferer. 

Mrs. Mary Way t,t widdow to George Way t, gent., whose brother 
was mortally wounded at Hessay Moor, and dyed presently after 
his wound; whose said husband George Wayt was lieftennant to 
Major Markham of a troop of horse; she being of a loyall family 
of the Lanctons, in Lancashire, whose estate was sould from them 
for their loyalty; her estate sequestred, by which she is a great 

j\Irs. Mary Hoog, the daughter of Lieftenant Hoog, the grand- 
child of Captaine William Hoog, in the Lord of Newcastle's army, 
who for their loyalty and service were plunder'd and sequesterd ; 
by which this prisoner is a great sufferer. 

Catharine Wilson, whose husband was a souldier under his 
present Majesty's father; who for his loyalty and service was 
plunder'd and secjuestred ; by which his widdow, the prisoner, is 
reduced to such poverty, that she is maintain'd in prison by com- 
mon alms. 

John Cornwally,! alias Brand, in whose behalfe the Duke of 
Newbourg writt two letters to his late Majesty, and IMonsieur de 
Thun, the Emperor's embassador, interceded for his liberty as 
an alien and stranger. 

Elizabeth Clark, once a servant to the family of Constables. 

* A most valuable notice of the descendants of the famous Sir Thomas More. Mr. 
Hunter would have read it with great interest. It corrects an error in his pedigree of 
More, and throws some light upon the history of that ill-used and unfortunate family. 
Cresacre More, it must be observed, wius the great-grandson of the Chancellor. How 
sad that any of his descendants should be permitted to die in a gaol ! 

f A daughter of Abraham Langton, of the Lowe, in liancashire, and widow of 
George Wayte, of Layburii, Ksij. 

X This is the person who was arrested in 1678. He was supposed to be a Roman 
Catholic priest, and to be implicated more or less in the plots of the time. An account 
of him has been already given. 



May 22, 1G85. Before Timothy Davison, Esq. Frederick 
Challenar, one of the boaters and searcliers of the Custome house at 
Newcastle, saith, that, in the month of February, he being 
aboard of the sliipp or pinck called the Content of Newcastle,* 
whereof John Ward was and is now maister, then under sale, 
raakeing for sea, outward l)ound for Holland or some part beyond 
the seas; and, demanding of the said John Ward whether he 
had any passengers aboard of his said vessle, he replyed he had 
none. Whereupon this informer makeing deligent search he found 
a certaine gentleman hidd and concealed in a cabbyn in the round 
house of the said shipp; and, after exaniinacion and inquiry 
made, findeing the said gentleman to be a suspected and danger- 
ous person, he carryed him ashoare, and comitted him into the 
custody of Capt. Villiers into Tynmouth castle, and he examining 
the matter whether there were any goods or things appertaineing 
to the said gentleman on board of his vessle, he denyed that he 
had any, and said that one 'Tames Clay, waterman, who brought 
him aboard of the said vessell, told him that he was an inhabitant 
in Newcastle, and soe went directly to sea with his said shipp; 
and that the said gentleman did appeare and prove to be and goe 
tinder the name of Sir Wm. Scott; and, as this informer is told, 
that there was a trunck and a box belonging to the said Sir Wm, 
Scott, seized upon beyond seas on board of the said shipp. 


June 13, 1685. Before Wm Aubone, Mayor of Newcastle. 
James Mow, tailor{\ sayth, that, haveing occasion to goe to drinke 
a glasse of ale, he went into the house of one Michaell Clerke, 
tailor; and falling into the company of one John Cunningham, 
had some discourse about the news. The said Cunningham fell 
out in speeches and said that, if Argile % had got nere Glide (he 

* A gentleman is found concealed on board a Newcastle vessel by a Custom house 
officer. He is arrested as a suspicious character. 

-f- A party of tailoi-s in Newcastle begin to discuss politics : one of them speaks so 
strongly that his freedom of speech cost him 5/. at the assizes. 

At no town perhaps in England was the dislike to James II. more strongly mani- 
fested than at Newcastle. It was at this time that the unhappy Monmouth was in Eng- 
land on his illfated expedition, atul the hearts of the people were with him. The depo- 
sitions that I give will show how strong that feeling was. 

:j: The Earl of Argyle made an attempt in Scotland about the same time that Mon- 


274 UEJfOSlTlOlSS, ETC. 

the said Cuiiniiigliuui knew the couiitrey sue well,) that Argile 
had then conquered Scotland; and, in a short time, England 
would be nothing to him. And he begunn a health to the Duke 
of Monmouth, winch this deponent refused to drinke, and there- 
upon the said Cunningham broke out in idle speeches, and said 
there Avas noe King in England, for Monmouth was the anointed; 
and, before another yeare goe about, you will heare another 

Richanl Stephenson, tailor, saith, that he heard Cunningham 
say " the Duke of Monmouth's gone, and that the King's forces 
were not soe strong as Monmouth's. Richard, have a care; here- 
after will pay for all." And allsoe said, sometime before that, " Sir 
John Fenwicke * is come to the towne, but I doubt its to take upp 
forces for Monmouth, and not for the King;" and said, " 0, have 
they taken Monmouth's life, he is an anointed prince, and they 
are rebellious for soe doeing." 


June 25, 1685. Before Wm. Aubone, Mayor of Newcastle. 
George Thompson saith, that, upon Tuesday the 16th day of 
June, one Richard Hunter f came to the sentre, and would have 

mouth's insurrection began in England. Both, it is well known, were unsuccessful. 
The following depositions refer to the Scottish affair. 

" June 15, 1685, Before Wm. Aubone, Mayor of Newcastle, and Henry Brabant. 
John Otway, merchant, deposeth, that this day, being at Mr. George Story the bar- 
ber's shopp, one John Gierke and this deponent discourseing about Argile's being in 
armes, the said Gierke said that none could blame Argile for looking for his owne 
againe, he being banished three years; and said, * Give him his owne againc and he 
would bo quiett;' and added, ' Mr. Story, you would take itt ill if any should robb 
you of the house you live in." 

" June 10, 1685. John Hodge of Newcastle, discoursing with George Marshall, a 
prisoner in his Ma'''^'* g^iol, about the news in Scotland, he said he hoped very shortly 
to have a eoniission from Earlston (being one of the fugitives or rebells there), and to 
be in office under him." 

* Sir John Fenvvick of Wallington. He certainly woidd nut have supported Mon- 
mouth, as the witness observes. In 16^6 he was mixed up in a conspiracy against 
William III. for which he lost his life. His character and family made him very popular 
in the North ; and there was an old song of which the burthen was, 

" Sir John Penwick's the flower amang them." 

i" The town of Newcastle was at this time very strictly guarded. Its dislike to 
James II. would be well known, and every precaution would be taken to suppress the 
rebellious spirit of the inhabitants. A bold fellow, it will be seen, makes an a.ssault 
uj)on a sentry. 

The following persons were committed to gaol at tiie same assizes by Lord Chief 
Justice Jeffreys for an assembly to subvert the Government, and for subscribing a 
treasonable paper of association and secrecy, Thomas Thompson, John Foster alias 


passed into the guard or sentry that was standing at Sandgate gate ; 
but, one of them opposeing and hindring him, the said Richard 
Hunter tripped upp one of the sentries, and tooke his fauchett from 
him ; upon which, this deponent, being a corporall of the said com- 
pany, seeing such abuse done to the sentre by the said Hunter, 
tooke a pike and stopped him, desireing him to restore the fauchett 
againe, and to goe home and be quiett; but the said Hunter, 
being resohite, cutt the pike which was in this deponent's hand 
in two peices, and aimed at this deponent's neck with the said 
fauchett; and, missing his aime, cutt this deponent's thumb of 
by the lower joynt. 


A true bill against Wm. Hindmersh, of Newcastle, gen. for saying, 
on July 13, 1685, " I heare sixteene or seaveuteen thousand were 
to contribute .... hundred thousand pounds towards Mon- 
mouth's designe, and that the present Mayor, Mr. Alderman 
Davison, Mr. Morton,* and Mr. Councellor Blakiston, were sus- 
pected to be contributors, and would be one hundred pounds a 


May 29, 1685. Before Sir Richard Neile. Robert Bell of 
Pont-island, icalker^X saith, that, on the 23d of May, being at 

Forster, John Ornsby, Michael Dent, Thomas Rushton .... Joseph Porter, Thomns 
Bilton, Thomas Verner, Ely Bilton, Joseph Dixon, Matthew White, Benjamin . . . 
son, March . . . Wni. Robson, John Kay, Leonard Johnson, George Airey, John 
Cooke, Joseph Sharpe, and James . . . 

* " A true bill against Richard Willans of Newcastle, hatter, for saying, on Feb. 20, 
1681 , that George Morton, Esq. did harbor and entertaine Mr. Welsh, the Scotch 
minister, a preacher, in his house, when he was mayor, some dayes and nights." 

f The accused says that he was at North Shields, and heard the contribution men- 
tioned, but without any names. Party spirit was at this time running very high. 

"July 12, 1685. Before John Thomson, lord mayor of York. Captaine George 
Butler of Yorke sayth, that Mr. Henry Sparlinge told him that he waa a Monmouth 
teare-rogue, and that he had raysed men and sent them away privately by his two 
serjants for Monmouth's service. And very great provoakeinge language he gave this 
deponent; and sayd the Lord Mayor of Yorke was a sonne of a whore, and a rogue, 
and soe were the rest of the aldermen ungone to Hull for goehige thither, and that 
he could hangc this deponent when he would.'' 

+ An amusing and curious deposition. There were certainly strange stories about 
the death of Charles II.; and Monmouth, in his proclamation, did not hesitate to charge 
his uncle with his death, but there seems to be no possible foundation for the slander. 
The memory of James II. has faults enough to bear without the crime of murder. 

T 2 


Newcastle, one John Sayles, a Scotchman, told him, " I will tell 
you a peice of ncwes that I heare, that King Charles the Second 
doeth appeare to his brother King James the Second, and soe 
troubles and disturbs him that he is very sadly troubled and dis- 
turbed and almost distracted and not himselfe." And he said 
further, that the ghost of King Charles ; when he appeared to his 
brother, held a bottle of coffee to the said King James his face or 
nose, and said, " This is such coffee as you gave me when I was 


July 13, 1685. Before Sir Wm. Lowther. Wm. liobinson, 
of Saxton, Imshandman,^ sayeth, that, as lie was goeing to worke 
with John Howden, betwixt the crosseing of the streets and 
Scardingwell gate, upon a discourse of drinking the King's health 
at the bonelire over night, the deponent said to Howden, " Did you 
drinke the King's health, for you wearean Oliver souldier?" He 
replied, "I served Oliver no longer then he lived; they say in 
our towne that the Duke of Monmouth is taken, and they say 
they'l hang him, but I say by the lawes of amies they cannot hang 
him." The deponent replied that if they could not hang him by 
the lawes of arnies they might behead him by the lawes of the 
land. But the said Howden answered they would not, and said, 
" If thy father had left the an estate, and thy unckle should seek 
to wrong the of it, thou would fight for it, wouldst thou not?" 
to which he replied " No, it may be not." One Kichard Parke, 
being by, said, " Yes, or else thou would sue for it;" and How- 
den concluded with these words, "It is a pittie that the Duke 
should loose his right, "f 


July 22, 1685. Before John Atkinson, Esq., Mayor of Ap- 

* Two days after this, on the 15th of July, Monmouth lost his head. 

f It will be seen that the feeling in favour of Monmouth ran over all the North of 
England. I give three cases in point. 

" July IS), 1CS3, At AVakefield, Richard Barker hegunne the Duke of Monmouth's 
health, and said heo was the King's own sonnc, and that hoc hoped to see a change 
before twelve nioiithes should come about." 

" 13 l''el). KiSJ-5. Margaret Johnson, of York, says that Andrew Younge come- 
ingo to her house as a beggar told her that the Scotch were all in armes, and that the 
Duke of Monmouth was eoniinge over the sea." 

" l''eb. 28, 1C85. John Ingham, of Luddenden, blacksmith, says at Ilaliifax, ' Wee 
have a King but he is uncrown'd, for the crowne belongs to the Duke of Monmouth."' 


joleby. John Poalter, elder and i/otuH/er,* say, tlmt they came to 
Sandford and enquired for tlie constable there. Whereupon they 
were directed to one Francis Thompson, and, shewinge him theire 
pass, did desire some releife of him, to helpe them in theire jour- 
ney to Whitehaven. Upon which he asked them if theire pass 
was in the Qucene's name. They said it was in the King's Ma- 
jestie's name. He then said lie did beleive theire was noe Kingc 
in England. The said Poulter askinge his reason why lie should 
see say, he answered the Kinge was dead. Thereupon Poulter 
told him he harde of noe such thinge all the way he came. 
Whereupon Tompson asked him, whether he did beleive that 
James Duke of Yorke was heire to the crowne. Upon that 
Poulter replyed he did beleive soe. And Tompson then re- 
plyed that did not hee. Was the Duke of Monmouth a bastard? 
To which the said Poulter replyed he was neither bolster nor 
pilloe to the King's concernements. 


July 23, 1685. Before Sir Richard Neile. William Alder, 
of Clifton LoneiiKje, in the parish of Stannington, yeoman, saith 
that, on the 6th, in the rode betwixt Glanton and Wooler, he 
mett Thomas Moffett,t of Fawdon, who asked him "What news?" 
" I heard noe news," said this informant, " but that there is some 
shipps taken with great store of arms and moneys bclonginge to 
him that they call'd the late Duke of Monmouth." In answer the 
said Moffett said, " Out, that's nothinge." " But," says this in- 
formant, " theres many of opinion he cannot (raeaninge the Duke 
of Monmouth) subsist longe.'' " Whough," says Moffett, "he 
has more men then the Kinge of England has." " Ei, faith, has 
he?" said Thomas Dodds. And Moffett said, " Else how came 
the Duke of Albemarle and the Duke of Sumerset to be killed?" 

* A parish constable iii Westmerland speaks treason. He seems to have been in 
complete ignorance of the political news of the day. Some time would elapse before 
the tidings of the death of Charles II. and the accession of James II. penetrated into 
the wilds of Westmerland. I have heard a strange story connected with the county 
of Durham. In the beginning of the reign of George III. Mr. Ambler was holding a 
court at Stanhope or Wolsingham. In the course of the proceedings some document 
was read in which the name of the reigning sovereign was mentioned. Upon that an 
old woman lifted up her hands in astonishment, and cried out, " Lord bless us, is Queen 
Anne deed ?" 

f A man spreads false news and speaks treason. Nothing had happened to Albe- 
marle or Somerset, and Monmouth had been executed on the IDtli, 


meaninge by the forces of the late Duke ol' Monmouth. Where- 
upon this informant answered, " There is many such idle people 
as you both are in this countrey, and if I knewe where there were 
authority I would leave my journey and cause you to be appre- 
hended to give account where you had this news, for I beleive you 
are some confederates, or holds intelligence with some confederates, 
of that partye." 


August 25, 1685. Before George Thornhill, Esq. William 
Dex, of Hechnondwike, slater,^ saith, that, on the 24th of July 
last, goeinge into a privat house in Hull, and raeeteing there with 
one John Hey, of Heckmondwike, butcher, and ]\Iary wife of 
Tobie Lee, of the same towne, and they beinge his acquentance, 
he tould them that he had listed himselfe a soulger under Captain 
Collingwood, but they wood not beleive him untill he had made 
severall prodestations to confirme the same. They replied and 
bad the devil goe with him, and said that before they wood goe to 
be a soulger under the Kjnge they wood run their knifes to his 
hart if they could gett an oportonaty. And, further, replied that 
they wood both be soulgers under the Duke of Monmouth, and gett 
him what strength they covild. And the said Mary Lee tould 
him she wood disguise herselte in man's apparill, and that the 
aforesaid Hey and she wood lye together, for she could travell 
seaven yeares l)efore she was knowne. 


Jan. 30, 1685-6. Before the Dean of York. Bartholomew 
CollieVy one of the Sergeants of Sir John Rereshifs company of 

* Monmouth is again the subject of the deposition. The accused peraons ttcd the 

f An account of a most scandalous and disgraceful scene in York Minster at the 
funei'al of the Lady Straflbrd. She died on the 27th of December, to the great grief 
of her illustrious husband. She was a daughter of the loyal Earl of Derby, and a lady 
of exalted character as well as birth. 

As a compliment, and as a matter of precaution, a company of Sir John Reresby's 
grenadiers, at that time quartered in York, was directed to accompany the funeral 
procession. The soldiers met the hearse at the wind-mills beyond Mieklegate bar. 
When they got to the Minster, at the choir door, " they stood on either side of the 
corps, to let the same bo carryed quietly in, and to hinder the rabble from stealing the 
esrutchgons ofl' from the pall and herso, and to let the elergv mid gentry that attended 


Granadiers, saith, tliat having received orders from Mr. George 
Butler, lievetenant to Sir John Reresby, (who told this informant 
that he had received a lettre from Sir John to the purpose here- 
after mencioned,) to go along with the said company of granadiers 
to attend the corps of the late Countesse of Strafford, that was 
then coming downe to be burycd in York Minster, and to sec that 
no violence or rudencsse shoidd be tlien offered, did, accordingly, 
upon Wensday the 13th, command the said company, and did 
attend the herse, where the corps of the said Countesse was, from 
Micklegate bar, and guard it into the Minster-yard. And as 
soone as the said herse came to the west end of the Minster, and 
the corps were taken downe, there was a great rabble or rout of 
ordinary people, that pressed very rudely x;pon this informant and 
his souldiers, and would needs take the escvitcheons from the 
herse by force. Which he and his company did endeavour to 
hinder them from doing; whereupon several! of the said rabble 
struck at the said souldiers with great sticks or staves. And he 
and the said company did guard the said corps within the Minster 
till they came at the quire doore, where they made a stand, and 
let the corps be carry ed in. And the said ral)ble did then presse 
and croud very rudely to come in, and follow the said corps, 
which he and his company, endeavouring to hinder them from 
doing with as much civility as they well could, a great many 
persons of the said rabble struck at this informant and his soul- 
diers, and knockt some of them downe, and among the rest this 
informant himself was knockt downe twice at the doore of the 
quire. Whereupon he was forced to draw off his souldiers to a 
more open place in the Minster, to hinder them from being 
further abused. And the said rabble pursued them still and used 
great violence to them, and struck at them with sticks, and made 
great shouts and noyse, and some of them cryed out, " Let's kill 
the dogs, we are ten to one," and repeated this severall times. 
And this informant had much a doe to prevent great raischeif, 

the corps to go quietly in." The depositions desci'ibe tlie scene that ensued. Tlie 
"old countess dowager" could scarcely get into the church. The mob called the 
soldiers the " black-guard "; they struggled and fought in a disgraceful manner. 

There is some conflicting evidence, as several persons justify the proceedings of the 
mob. It is to be remarked, also, that this is not the first occasion on which this regi- 
ment came into collision with the populace. The soldiers made a great riot at Don- 
caster in 1684, in which the mayor and the justices of the peace were roughly handled. 
There is an account of this affair in Mr. Hunter's South Yorkshire. 

On Shrove Tuesday, 1672-3, there was "a great company of people in the Minster 
yard, about 5 in the evening, and many puld up the pales before the Deanry and 
Dr. Lake's house." 

There was a riot, or something like it, about the same time, when the Chapter tried 
to prevent people from walking in the nave of the Minster in service time. 


but, as soone as he could conveniently, he drew his men out of 
the church in to the Minster yard; where the said rabble still 
pursued them, shouting and throwing sticks, stones, and dirt 
at them as they went, and did seize on scverall }nuskets, and 
broke them ; so that this informant, seeing there was no way to 
pacify the tumult without doing some mischeif to them, was 
forced to draw off his men into the citty, and leave the crowd. 

Richard Heicitt, (jentlenian, saith, that haveing a curiosity to 
see the solemnltys of the funerall performed, hee attended the 
corps to the Cathedrall. Which was guarded thither with a 
company of granadeers, marching in two fyles, on cither side 
the hearse, to keepe of a crowd of rabble that followed them, 
from disordering the hearse, and crowding the attendants. The 
soldiers soe guarded the corps to the Cathedrall, and soe upp the 
body of the Church unto the great doer, which enters into 
the quier; where they stood and made a guard, untill the corps 
was carryed into the quier, and the attendants weere gone in. 
The crowd of comon people Avhich Avoere gott into the Church 
would have pressed in after; which the soldiers would have 
hindred, but they indeavouring to force their passage by crowding, 
the souldiers would have prevented them. And one of the sol- 
diers with an halbert crossc-in-hands, (and as this informant 
beleives) to keepe them out of the quier, pushed att some of the 
formost of the rabble, which was returned by blowes upon the 
soldiers, and returned by the soldiers upon the rabble. The 
crowd pressing close upon the soldiers they begunn to defend 
themselves with their fusees club'd ; in which rccounter scverall 
of the rabble were knocked downc, and severall of their fusees 
broken. This informant seeing this, and belcivcing that in all 
likelyhood, if some care Aveere not taken to suppresse the ryot, 
and secure his Majestie's peace, some persons might be killed, 
went betweene the rabble and the soldiers, and did use arguments 
to perswade them to desist, saying to them the horridnesse 
of the crime. Whereupon they drew a little back from the 
soldiers, and then the informant turned to the soldiers and ad- 
vised them to march forth of the Church, Avhich they seemed 
ready and willing to doc. But as they Avcere gocing aAvay, the 
rabble pursued them and shouted att them, and, as this informant 
was told, and vcryly beleives, threw staves at them to incense 
them, whereupon the serjants who headed the company gave 
out the command to iiice about, and to stand to their amies, 
Avhich was readily donn by the soldiers, Avho marched upp 
towards the crowd, their iiisees presented with their byonets 
in the mussles. And soe standing att bay, one att another, some 


of the fyle leaders thinking (as this informant beleeves) to terri- 
fye them into quietnesse, threatned to fyre at them, and some of 
them did fyre; but, noe harme being donn, they being onely (as 
this inform* beleeves) charged with powder, it made the rabble 
more insolent; and then some gentlemen drawing neare this 
informant desired their assistance to hinder such riotous proceed- 
ings, who advised them to desist, and the soldiers to march forth 
of the Church, which they did accordingly, the rabble pursuing 
them with shouts and cryes. When the soldiers weere gonn 
forth of the Church, as sonne as this informant could gett through 
the crowd that followed them, hee went to call the constable for 
the said liberty, who imediately came with this informant; and 
this informant advised him to command the King's peace, and 
to command him, or what persons else he thought convenient, to 
assist him to quell the ryot, and to secure what persons he found 
guilty; but, upon the appearance of the constable, the rabble dis- 
persed. He is credably informed the escutcheons of the deceased 
Countesse that were placed round the quire weere all torne downe 
before the service was donn ; and, when the corps was brought 
to the place of interrment, whilst tlic Deane was in performing 
the service, this informant see severall persons teare downe the 
escutchions that weere placed over the place of interment. 


Feb. 11, 1685-6. Before Toby Conyers, D.D. and Dr. Wick- 
ham, Dean of York. Joseph LockicooJ, of Kirhheaton,^ clotliijer, 
saith, that one Mercy Hutchinson, widow, sister to Daniell 

* An interesting deposition. The splendid communion plate used in York Minster 
was stolen in 1677, and, after a lapse of some years, these informations were laid. Mr. 
Lockwood had, I believe, been gaoler of York Castle. Awty and his sister were in 
prison for some time on this charge, but it could not be brought home to them. 
Awty himself denies all knowledge of the offence, but confesses that, on the day of 
the robbery, he was at service in the body of the choir towards the altar. 

An account has been already given of the loss of the Chester plate. About this 
time Westminster Abbey suffered a similar privation. 

The following information relates to Awty, who has been mentioned several times 
already : 

" Aug. 1, 1685. Benedict Horsley, of Yorke, painter-stainer, sayth that he was 
one of the city grand jury that did throw out a bill of indictment brought by Daniel 
Awty of York, whitesmith. The said Awty meeting him said, ' Thou art a pittifuU 
fellow. There is thirteene or fourteene of you — I would sell you all to the devili for 
two pence a peiee,'' meaneing the grand jury." 

This Mr. Horsley is believed to have been a very near kinsman of the author of 
the Britannia Romana. 


Awty, alias Otty, of the city of York, did severall times at Dew- 
isbury, about two or tlirce yeares ago, as allso severall times in 
York witliin the space of six monthes last past, tell this deponent 
that her said brother got the plate which was stolne out of York 
Minster some yeares ago, and that itt was conveyed to the house 
of Alice Awty, widow, in Dewisbury, who is mother to the said 
Daniell. And the said Mercy Hutchinson did att the said house 
shew this deponent a course canvase bagg, and told him that the 
said Minster plate was brought thither in that bagg. And he has 
sometimes urged the said Mercy to discover what she knew of 
this matter to a magistrate: at which times she has usually 
replyed, " What! would you havemee hang myowne brother?" 
And he saith that, a litle before the said plate was stolne, the 
said Daniell Awty told this deponent that he and some who 
were prisoners in York Castle had been discoursing about the 
Minster plate, and what a rare booty itt would bee, if it could 
bee gott; and talked as if hee would have had this deponent 
concerned with him in getting and helping to convey and con- 
ceal the same, and said that he this deponent's living near 
might bee helpfull to them in their designe. Att that time this 
deponent was servant to the T^ady Beaumont in Lord Irwin's 

James JHnsdall, in the Minster Yard, saith, that, about two or 
three moneths ago, one Mercy Hutchinson came to live in the 
house where one Mrs. Morley lives, in the Bederne, where he 
hath severall times seen her; and, since Martinmas last, he hath 
severall times heard the said Mercy owne that she had the 
Minster plate, which was stolen from thence some yeares agoe, 
in her armes at her mother's house at Dewisbury, when and 
where her brother Daniell Autie was present. She further said 
that the said plate, or a great part of it, was there melted downe, 
and that part of the table upon which it was melted was burnt 
in the melting of it. And hee also heard her at somtimes, 
speaking of the said plate, say that she would make the 
Minster bells ring, and that, if she pleased, she could hang a 
hundred of them. And he hath heard her say that her brother 
would have given her money to be gone out of the citty of York 
to Dewisbury because she made such talk and discourse of him. 
He hath also heard the said Mary call one Elizabeth Richardson, 
who lives in Swinegate, and is commonly reported to have been 
naught with the said Autie, " clipping whore," and tell lier that 
it was the Minster })late tluit made her to lUnuish, 



Oct. 29, 1686. TJionuu Condon, (jent., was, together with one 
Timothy Tayler and Madam Clement, on the 28th instant, in the 
house of Robert Walker, in Staynton dale, in the way for Scar- 
brough, where he mett with a man who called himselfe Alexan- 
der Cranston, who, upon discourse, sayd that the Duke of Mun- 
moth was alive,* and that he could goe to him before night, and 
that one Collonell White f was beheaded in his stead ; and the 
sayd Cranston sayd he hopd that Monnmoth would weare the 
crowne of England on his head in two yeares time. 


Jan. 31, 1686-7. Before Sir Jonathan Jenings, Kt. JoJm 
Peatch, of Mipon, hoddy-maker, saith, that, yesterday morning, 
being Sunday, and in the time of divine service, this informant 
being churchwarden, together with William Walker and James 
Suttrice, alias Clarkeson, his fellow churchwardens, entring into 
the house of James Foxton, to see what order was therein kept, 
one Stephen Duffeild, of Ripon, came in, and, entring into dis- 
course with them, told them that the Queene told the King that 
she could not conceive unlesse she dranke Charles Monmouth's 
blood ; upon which the King told her that he would send for him 
and that he should be lett blood, that she might drinke it: upon 
which she replyed, that unlesse she might drinke his heart's blood 
it would doe her noe good. 

* A rumour was spread abroad that Monmouth was alive. The same story has been 
circulated, at different times, about many persons of distinction. The love of the people 
for their favourite Monmouth was very great." 

" 6 July, 1685. Robert Sutton heard George Levitt, of York, say at Hull, that it 
was talked frequently in Loudon that the late Duke of Monmouth was within three or 
four dayes march of London, and that parte of the artillery was taken from the King's 

" Dec. 17, 1685, Mr. Richard Marsden, rector of Slaidborne, deposes that yesterday, 
at Slaidborne, Ralph Dobson gave out that there was a rebellion, and should be a re- 
bellion, and whether the Duke of Monmouth was in England or not in England at the 
springe this informant's coat should be turned." 

" 5 June, 1687. At York. The King's health being drunk, one Peter Barker did 
refuse to drink the same, and sayd that he would drink Muumoth's, for he was 

I Colonel White was a well known personage. 



May 3, 1687. Before Sir Win. Bowes, Kt., Fr. Tonstall, and 
George Meynel, Ksqrs. Jialph Walker, of Wliashton, yeoman* 
saith that, on tlie 25th of April, he met with one Peter Hutchin- 
son, blacksmith, at the house of Francis Allen, in Kirkby Ravens- 
worth, alehouse-keeper, where, having drank together, the said 
Hutchinson began a health to the Duke of Monmouth, w*^^ this in- 
formant refusing to pledge, and reprehending him for begining it, 
the said Hutchinson did afBrm the said Duke to be alive as cer- 
tainly as he himself was, and added that he had sown oats which 
were now growing for JMonmouth's horses to cat. Thereupon 
this informant told him that he would make informacion of his 
discourse before George Meynel, Esq.; whereupon the said Hut- 
chinson said that neither he, the said George Meynel, nor any of 
those Popish dogs, the new justices of peace, had any power to 
hurt him. And the said Hutchinson, on the same day, in the 
house of one Anne Wiseman, said, with several oaths, " Hang 
these Popish dogs, wil we have any of these Popish dogs to be 
our King ?" 


June 15, 1688. Ripon. Before Wm. Chambers, Mayor, and 
Sir Jonathan Jennings, Kt. Geo7'ge Murgetroyd, of Ripon, '\ 
sayth that, last night about tenne of the clocke, a fire being- 
kindled neare Mr. William Heslinton's house in or neare the old 
markett place, this informer went to see what was the meaneing 
of it, and there found tlie fire was built of strawe and dry small 
sticks, soc that, as the wind stood, severall (thatched) houses were 
in danger of being burnt, the same fire being built in as dangerous 
a place for doeing a mischeife as is in the towne of Ripon. One 
James Turpin, who was then upon the watch, came up to the 
place where the fire was, and being also apprehensive of the dan- 
ger, endeavoured to putt out the fire with his watchbill, whereupon 
one ]\lichacl Thcakestonc tooke hold of tlie watchbill and would 
liave taken the same from the said James Turpin if he could. 
About halfe an houre after, he and George Pinckney were together 

* Another deposition about Monmouth, The King had been putting many of the 
Roman Catholic gentlemen on the list of justices of the peace. Two of the magistrates 
before whom Untohinsiin \\as brought were Roman Catholics. 

t An amusing deposition, which gives quite a little picture of the town of Ripon. 


when Mr. Mayor's Serjeant went to discharge the said ]\licli. 
Theakstone from makeing a boncfire in that place: the said 
Theakstone then answered tlic serj'', that he would make a bonefire 
upon his owne frontstead let Mv. Mayor doe what he would, and 
other words, in contempt of Mr. Mayor. After the serj' was 
gone, this informant told the said Michael, that lie wondred why 
he should make a fire in that place, and of such corabustable 
matter, that might have done more liarme then his estate was able 
to repaire. He answerd that it was time enough to complaine 
when harrae was done, and in a ridiculing way said of Mr. Mayor, 
that he was a very loyall Mayor, and it was a loyall corporation, 
and the King should know it, and Mr. Mayor was as honest a 
man as ever broke a house, and he cared not for him. Adding 
these further words, viz., " Wee'l be with you," to which this in- 
formant answered, 'twas not question but their mind and their 
hearts were willing enough, but they wanted strength; and the 
said Michael replyed, tliere was strength enough over the water, 
or words to that effect. 

Elizaheth Pawing, of Rippon, iclddow, went to desire them to 
putt out the fire, and when she spoke to the said Michael Theake- 
stone, he strucke her over the head twice with a pair of bellowes, 
told her that she was a witch, and her picture was burnt att Lon- 
don, and he would burne her, and said if he had her son he would 
make gunpowder of him. 


Dec. 19, 1688. Before Thomas Denton, Esq., Cumberland, 
Edmond Johnson, ^^ late of JJnndalke, in the county of Louth, saith, 
that he was borne at Killen, neare Dundalk, and was educated att 
Reins in Champaigne in France, in the colledge of St. Patrick, 

* A Romish priest is arrested in Cumberland, and is compelled to give the history 
of his life. I find that he was in prison in August, 1690, and, probably, he continued 
in durance much longer. The times were fraught with danger, and every Roman 
Catholic would be looked upon with suspicion. 

In the month of August, 1690, 1 find the following persons detained in gaol in Cum- 
berland as dangerous and disaffected people. Bryan Mackguier, Matthew Carroll, 
Edward Plunkett, Phillip Really, Charles Mackdonell, John Davis, John Mackguillim, 
and Richard Fryan. Wm. Legg, Esq., was also there, having been committed, on 
suspicion of treason, on 1, 16S9 ; John Standley, an Irishman, was likewise in 
prison, it Iteing supposed that he was a disaffected person. 

There was a true bill found against Thomas Williamson, of Egremont, gen., for in- 
citing sedition at. Egremont on June 1, 3 James II, 

In 1679 Wm. Huddleston, Chr. Jefferson, and Catherine Blenkinsop, were com- 
mitted to Appleby gaol for refusing the oa!h of allegiance. Huddleston took it in the 
following year. 

286 DlvJfOSilTlOMS!, ETC. 

for three years; ai'terwards went to Brussels in Flanders, learning 
devinity with some seculars, where he rcmain'd about a yeare; 
then he traveld through Sweden, Denmark, and Norway; from 
whence he came and arrived att Sheilds, in Northumberland, the 
7th instant, and came from thence to Newcastle, and to j\Ir. 
Swinburn's of Naferton ; from thence to Corby, from whence he 
came yesterday morning. That he tooke orders of a secular preist 
from Oliver Plunkett,* titular bishopp of Armaugh, att Arpatrick, 
fourteen years since, and is now going towards Whithaven in 
order to goe to his native cuntry. 


Dec. 20, 1688. Before Andrew Hudleston, Esq. Will. 
Holmes saith, that, on Sunday night last, the house on the Hand, 
belonging to the Lord Darwentwater, was broken,t and that, att 
the instance of one Mary Ratleiff, he was prevailed with to goe 
about to discover who it was that had done the same. And, goeing 
towards St. Herbert's He, he did discover Cuthbert Gasketh and 
Ralph Heaton endeavouring to make their escape in a boat from 
thence, and he did see them throw out of the boat a great number 
of botles, two runletts with some ale in them, and a chist with 
some pappers in it, and they were apprehended. 


March 11, 1689. Before John Hargreaves, Coroner, at Hud- 
dersfield. faster Parker, of Deicishury^X saith that, on Munday 

* Oliver Plunket, a victim to the persecuting spirit of tlie times, was executed at 
Tyburn in July, 1681. 

t A burglary at the ancient seat of the Ratcliffes on the Isle. It had been held for 
the King, during the Civil Wars, by Colonel Philipson, who from his well known and 
daring exploits earned for himself the soubriquet of Robin the Devil. 

The robbers steal away on the lake, and drop with their prey 

Down by St. Herbert's consecrated grove. 

A chase ensues, and the burglars arc seized, having first thrown their plunder into 
the lake. "What a striking and exciting scene it must have been ! The men were tried 
at Carlisle, and escaped with a term of imprisonment. 

Gascarth's end was a melancholy one. He was found entangled in a fishing net in 
Derwentwater, and there were many suspicions of foul play, but nothing was ever 
proved. A witness came forward at tiie inquest, and said that she had seen Gascarth 
pass her window some time after ho must have been drowned in tiic Like ! Here is 
something for those who seek after the supernatural ! 

J A very cruel case. A \wov boy comes to Dewsbury very ill. He is kindly treated 
by some of the villagers, and the constable hires a man to take him on horseback to his 


the 28th of Februuiy hist, James Staiiclilte, a boye of about 14 
yeares of age, came to this deponent's liousc in Dewisbury, about 
duye-gate, and came to tlie fyer, and desired lodginge, and so shec 
made him some warme meate, and ordered him to be lodged in 
the barne, and that he might have strawe enough; and he toldc 
her, when shee went to him after to see how he was, that he was 
warme ; and hee alsoe told her that he was sicke sometimes, and 
desired he might l)e helpt home, for lie was not able of himselfc 
to goe home, his leggs wold not carry him. And, in the next 
morninge, shee gave him warme meate againe, and sliee acquainted 
the constable and others of the towne liow it was with the boye, 
and the boye lodged the next night at Roger Holgate's in Dewis- 
bury, and she sent him some warme meate; and the constable 
did order her to sett him a pennyworth of ale by him where he 
was to lye, that lie might drinke it in case he was drye in the 
night. And the next morninge the constable ordered her to 
make James some warme meate, and shee did so, and gave it him, 
and he did eate parte of it, and the residue, beinge the thinne of 
it, was kept Avarme for him to drinke on when he went away, and 
he was not waked withall, that shee knowcs of. Slie heard that 
the constable did give order to Abraham Cosin to carry the said 
James to Mirfeild, where he was borne, and she sawe him set on 
horsebacke, and ropes was tyed to the sadle for him to stay him- 
selfF by. And the morninge he went away he desired her to give 
him a litle cheese and breade to take with him, and she did so. 

Jane Holgate, of Deicisburij, sayth, that, on Tuesday the 26tli 
of February, a litle before night, James StanclifF came to her 
house, and sate him downe, and fell asleepe, and slept about halff 
an hower; and, a litle after, he went out of doore and the con- 
stable and others sought him, and he was found amongst some 
strawe in Michael Parker fold, and then he went into Parker's 
house, as she has heard, and then he came to her house. And, 
presently after, Parker's wife brought him some warme ale, meate, 
and, after, the constable came and desired her husband to let James 
staye there all night, and hee wold content them, and they let him 
lye by the fier-side in an old coverlet, and a quishinge under his 
heade. And, after they were gone to bed, Michaell Parker wife 

home, which was in the parish of Huddersfield. The hoy is so unwell that he is 
actually tied to the saddle. Instead of being sheltered on the road, he is sent on from 
constable to constable in the most heartless way. The driver of the horse seems to 
liave been a most unfeeling wretch, and the suiferings of the poor child were very great. 
The tale is a most affecting one. 

Cosin lays the blame on the constables, who refused to receive the child. He says 
that the day was very cold, and that there were many hail-showers. As soon as the 
boy was taken from the horse he died instantly. 


sent a pennyworth of ale for him, and it was brought about nine 
a'clock. And abouttwelve a'clocke James wakued, and Avent forth 
of the house liimselff, and came in againe, and hayd laim downe. 
And, after, he made a noyce as though he Avoid vomit, and she 
bid her husband rise and turne him to the other side, and he did 
so, and mended the fyer, and layde more coales on, and James 
said, " Now it is almost daye." And at daye he rose up, and sat 
by the fyer, and the constable askt him wliat he Avoid have, and 
lie said he Avoid have some Avarme ale; and they brought him 
about a pinte of ale made warme, and James dranke it of; and 
then the constable asked him hoAV he Avoid ride, and he said 
cither in a hackney sadle or a pack-sadle. And so Abraham Cosin 
came into her house and askt James if he might be his man that 
daye, and James turned his head toAvards him and smiled. And 
Easter Parker brought him a Avhite cap, and put it on his head, 
and gave him some bread and cheese, and then he Avent out of 
dore. And shee and her husband askt James severall times in 
the night time hoAv he did, and hee ahvayes said he Avas not sicke, 
but he was weake. The constable gave them two pence for his 
lodginge, and for fier and waytinge on him. 

Jofieph Allison, of Mirfeild, sayth, that Abraham Cosin came 
to him, and he had a boye tyed on horsebacke, Avith a coard 
about his midle, and tyed in a packc sadle. He Avas then set 
astryde. It Avas about tenn a'clocke afore noone, and it was 
pretty good weather. The boye spoke pretty hartily, but Cosin 
sayde they had Avaked Avith him all the last night, and he had 
brought him by vertue of a paper signed by the minister and 
constable of DcAvisbury. This deponent told him he Avas uuAvil- 
linge to receive him; and he told him, if he Avould not receive 
him, he Avoid set him doAvnc at his dore, this deponent being con- 
stable. He then desired Cosin to goe with the boye to the next 
constable, and he refused to goe without wage. And tliis de- 
ponent give him 4f?., and a pennyworth of ale, and he said he 
would have another pott Avhcn lie came backe. 

Grace Jepso)i, of Kirk-he atou, saith, that Abraham Cosin 
brought a boye on horsebacke to her house, her husband bcingc 
constable, and the boye Avas then very sicke, and tyed in a pack- 
sadle, with a coard, and nothinge but a straAv Avispe under him, 
and had very bad cloathcs; and she askt the chikle Avhy he had 
no better cloathcs, but he cold not speake then, but bcingc taken 
off the horse and Avarmcd, lie cold then spoakc at sometimes, and 
but scldonie, bcingc very Avcake. And this deponent burned 
him some drinke, but he was not able to (h-inke it, but desired 
some small drinke, and drank some of that. And this deponent 


tolde Cosin that her husband was not at home, and she had nobody 
to send with the boye to the constable of Dalton, beinge the next 
constable; and he said he wold carrye him for paye, and de- 
manded a shilling for goinge thither, it beinge but twoe myles. 
And at last shee agreed to give him nine pence, and some raeate, 
drinke, and tobacco; and then he tooke the boye, and tyed him 

on the horse backe againe with a coard, he not beinge able to sitt 

• • • • 

on by himselfF. And Cosin went into the house to light his 

tobacco, and the boye called on him, and said, " Let us goe," 

and so they went towards Dalton. 

Joseph Dyson, of Dalton, yeoman, sayth, that, on Wednesday 
the 27th, betwixt one and two a'clocke after noone, there came 
to his liouse, he beinge constable of Dalton, a man and a boye 
with him tyed on horse-backe with ropes; and the boye was then 
so badd, that he did not heare him speake whilest hee was there. 
And the man said the constable of Mirfield and Kirk-heaton had 
hyred him, and, if he pleased to hyer him, hee wold carry him to 
Huddersfield, beinge the next constablery, and demanded I2d. 
for it, beinge but a myle. And this deponent gave him six pence, 
and, the boye mutteringe some thinge, the man that brought 
him sayde, " Hold thy tongue, for thou shalt not be taken of, for 
thow has wanted for nothinge, and it is but a myle thou hast to 
goe." And the man desired a botle of strawe to lye betwixt 
the boye and the fore-parte of the sadle to leane on. And he 
gave it him, and layde it in the sadle himselfF, and so they went 

Joshua Easticood, of Dalton, clothie7\ sayth, that, on Wednes- 
day last, he sawe a man drivinge a horse with a childe tyed on in 
a packsadle, and the constable and hee discoursed together, but 
he heard not what they said; but when he came nere them, hee 
heard the man say, " If yow and I can agree, yow shall not be 
troubled with the childe, I'le cary him to the constable of Hud- 
dersfeild myselfF." And he heard him aske a shillinge of the 
constable, but they agreed for sixpence. The childe was very 
sicke and lookt as he wold dye, and the childe desired to be taken 
off, and the man said, " I had him but off very lately, and he was 
much made on, and shold have no more till he came at the con- 
stable of Huddersfeild." And then he turned the horse downe the 
folde, and the childe's heade hung downe, first one waye and 
then another, and wold have falne off, but he was tyed on with 
coardes. And the man tooke holde on him, and bid him sitt up 
for he cold ryde well enough, and gave him hard wordes, and told 
him he shold but goe to Huddersfeild one litle myle, and might 
goe up by the church-yard-side, and might see the place where 



he miorht be buryed. He saw tliem goe a litle way towards Hud- 
dersfeild, and the horse was a bad one and went ill, and he de- 
sired the man to get up behinde the boye and holde him on. 
He heard the man say that the boye had beene aboute a weeke in 
Dewisbury, and had outrun his master, and was falne sicke there, 
and said lie knew he was very weake, for hee had beene waked 
twoe nights then last past. 

Richard Thewlis, of H itchier sfeild, sayth, that Abraham Cosin 
did bringe a boye on horse-backe to his house, beinge constable 
of Huddersfeild. Hee was in a packe sadle, and was tyed on with 
coardes, and was so weake with sicknes that hee cold not hold up 
his heade, but it hunge below the sadle crutch on the farr side, 
and some parte of his face did, by the movinge of the horse, 
knocke against the sadle crutch. And soone after he got James 
into his dwelling house he dyed. 

Marye Shmve, of Huddersjield., sawe a man leadinge a horse at 
Huddersfeild towne end, and there was a boye on his backe, and, 
because shee saw his heade hange downe very lowe, she went 
nere and tooke hold of the boye's hand, and said to the man, " I 
think this childe is deade;" and he said to her, " Hold of him, 
and let him alone, for I have but to goe to the constable with 


March 20, 1689. Before Thomas Kitchingham, Mayor, and 
Wm. Massie, Esq., of Leeds. James Sineniond, of Leeds, harher, 
saith, that, on Sunday night, Mr. Richard Dickins, of Leeds,* 
attorney-att-law, told him that if Tyrconnell did arive in England 
with thirty thousand men, he would himselfe add one more to the 
number. And he said that he had lately beene in the company of 
himselfe and six more persons, drinking; one of which began a 
health to the confusion of King William, and he, the said ]\lr. 
Dickins, and the rest of the company, did pledge the aforesaid 

* A Leeds lawyer gets into trouble. Tyrconnell was one of the stauncliest sup- 
porters of James II. 

" Dec. 11, 1690. Francis Calvert, of Boruughbridge, gen., sayd, ' I do not valine 
King William's authority, nor will I submit to his government.' 

" April 9, 1(391. George Beckwitli, of Potternewton, said that he loved King 
James, and v/ould be for him, and that he hated King William. 

"July 20, 1691. Mr. Peter Peeile, of Ullocke, merchant, being at Cockermouth, 
John Fallowfeild, mercer, said that King William was a rogue, and he hoped to see 
his head upon Cripplcgate the ne.\t time he went to London."'' 



April 10, 1689. Before Francis Whyte. John Walker, of 
Carnonley, clothioorker * saitli, that liee was att the house of Awre- 
lius Clerk, of Batley, yeoman, on Friday the 25th of March, att 
night, with one Josias Swallow, of Heckmondwike, dyer; and 
Sarah, wife of the said Awrelius Clerk, did att that time make a 
contract with them, and proferd to givem (give them) 20s. if 
they would mvirther her husband. And they undertooke to per- 
forme the same, which they did, comeing into the house that 
same night in att a back doore, where they mett the said Clerk 
in an entry, and Swallow struck twice att him with a club, and 
knockt him downe, and killed him. And the said Sarah ordered 
them to bury him in the midden, which they did, with all his 
clothes on. And a while after the body was taken thereout, and 
conveyed he knows not whither; but this deponent believeth 
that this was done by Swallow and Sarah Clerk. 

Edward Brooke, of Bradford, saith, that, having discourse 
with Sarah Clarke upon Tuesday the 9th where her husband 
was, she said that Josias Swallow and one John Walker knockt 
him in the head, and buried him in the muck-midding till Sun- 
day morneing after; and that morneing the said Swallow tooke 
him out of the midding, andcarryed his body on horseback before 
him, and threw him into the deep pitt att Carlinghow shayes, 
and there this informant might finde him. 


May 9, 1689. Before Thomas Denton, Esq. Thomas Pingney, 
of Brumfeild-raic, co. Cwnherland, mason, saith, that, upon 
Thursday the 18th of Aprill last, George Denton, f late of Cardew, 

" April 20, 1692. Benjamin Hudson, of Bridlington, said, ' Here's a good health 
to King James, and here's a good health to the Prince of Wales.' " 

* The record of a frightful crime. A woman deliberately hires two men to murder 
her husband, and all the persons implicated acknowledge their guilt, apparently with- 
out the slightest compunction. 

i" Some account of the movements of the Jacobites in Cumberland. A rising was 
evidently intended, but it was nipped in the bud. The information contained in 
these depositions is entirely new. There was a strong spirit of disatfection in the 
North long before the rising of 1715. Sir Richard Graham, Viscount Preston, was 
tried for high treason in 1691, and some years afterwards Sir John Fenwick died 
upon the scaffold. Their namee, it will be observed, are mentioned in these depositions. 


292 l:)EP0SITI0N8, ETC. 

Esq. desired this informant to go along witli him into Northum- 
berland, and had borrowed a horse for him, but desired him to 
go to Mr. Joseph Eead's in Carlisle for Si., and to meet him at 
the dubb at Warwick-briggs, whether this informant came before 
Mr. Denton came thither. Soe this informant went to meet him 
as farr as Carletou thwaite, where he met the said Mr. Denton 
and Mr Graham of Newbiggin, with Thomas Bowman, who had 
Mr. Denton's sword under his coat. So this informant and Tom 
Bowman went on with the said Mr. Denton to the dubb, where 
Mr. Denton put on his sword when it was night, and desired a 
guide. So young Wm. Nicholson of Newby did guide him to 
Robert Graham's of the Bush, beyond Longtown; and Robert 
Graham guided him the next day to Haggtown to his brother 
George Graham's, where they mett with four gentlemen, who 
treated him there, and allmost fuddled him. Then Robert Gra- 
ham carried him from thence to Mowesknoue, where he should 
have stayd, but there had been so many gentlemen before that 
time that there was no provision left for horse nor man. So 
they went on to Allison's bank; and the next morning Mr. Den- 
ton came back with this informant to Robert Graham's, where 
above a dozen gentlemen were to dine that day. And he 
desired one of those gentlemen to lend this informant his horse 
to guide him over Esk, for they had all large trooping horses, 
with pistalls and all accoutrements for warr, and were at least 60 
in number, as Mr. Denton desired the informant to tell William 
Lowther. So this informant came to Carlisle to Mr. Reed 
for \0l., which if he sent him, he would trouble him no more. 
So Mr. Reed sent him about 61. in dollers, which this informant 
carried him the Thursday following to Allison's bank. And 
Mr. Denton sent this informant back for 51. more, but Mr. Reed 
said he would see him the INlunday following, and would not 
then furnish him with any more money, though he had a trunk 
full of linen in pawn. And the said j\Ir. Denton desired this 
informant to bring him his pistolls from Dalston hall (where they 
yet are), but he refused. He saith that one Anth. Haldin, who 
rode in the late King's guards, had a case of pistolls, holsters and 
breastgirth at Dalston hall, and a sword at Elizabeth Riddal's. 
And IVIr. Denton maintained the said Haldin, and left half a 
crown for him at Durdar Avhen he went into Scotland. And 
Haldin had gone to him into Scotland on Munday last if Mr. 
Denton had not been taken the day before. Haldin came divers 
times to this informant to desire him to show him the way to 
Mr. Denton at Allison's bank, who harbours about John Sower- 
bie's in Brownclston, and sometimes at Tho. Blaylock, butcher in 


Botcherd-gate. And Mr. Denton did desire this informant to 
speak to William Lowtlier to come to him, but he would not. 

Anthony Alldin, late of Swalloio-street in St. James's par'ish, 
London, saith, that he was born at Hingliam in Norfolk, and had 
dwelt in London about twelve years, part of which time he was 
a servant, and afterwards an alehouse-keeper, till within this 
three years, that he was listed in the Duke of Albemarl's troop of 
granadeers in the King's guards. At which time he was then a 
Protestant, and was brought over to the Roman Catholick religion 
about two years since by some preists with whom he had been 
acquainted in France. And he was turned out of service when 
the late King James discerted the government, for being a 
Roman Catholique, and was since then in London, untill the 
later end of March, when he came by sea to Newcastle, and so 
to Carlisle, upon that Saturday when the Lord Preston gave an 
alarum to this garrison. Since then he hath been in Dalston 
parish, where he saw George Denton, Esq. with whom he was 
acquainted in London, and hath been divers times in his company 
at Dalston-hall, where Mr. Denton payd his reckonings; but he 
never gave him any money, save that he left half a crown to 
be drunk at Thomas Bowman's at Durdar. And after the said 
George Denton was gone into Scotland, this ex*^ did enquire of 
Thomas Pingney, his guide, where he was, and would have been 
glad to see him, and said, if the said Thomas went back to the 
said George, that he would have gone along with him, to see 
him and to drink with him. But denies that he was to be listed 
as a soldier for the late King, or that the said George Denton 
did invite him into the Border. 

He, further, saith, that he hearing in London that the late 
King James was in Ireland, and was comeing into Scotland, so 
he thought to come into this country, and brought his pistolls 
down, and thought to get a horse and saddle here, and so to enter 
into that service again.* And Thomas Pinkney told him that 

A passage which recalls the beautiful old Jacobite ballad : 

" It was all for ray rightful King 
I left my native strand, 
It was all for my rightful King 
I e'er saw Irish land. 

The trooper turn'd him round about 
Upon the Irish shore, 

He gave his bridle reins a shake, 
Said ' Adieu for evermore, 

My love! 
And adieu for evermore! ' " 


Mr. Georg Denton and they upon the Borders would speak with 
him. He answer'd that he would go, but would not stay. 

Feb. 23, 1690-1. Before Thomas Denton, Esq. John Storie, 
of Bewcastle, geyitleman, saith that he knows nothing of any in- 
tended conspiracy upon the Borders of England and Scotland the 
last summer, nor at any time before or since, by any person or 
persons, to levy warre against King William and Queen Mary or 
the Government established, but onely what the generall report 
of the countrey was, that divers gentlemen of the Borders were 
mett together near Cissenbury-craggs, to tlie number of sixty. 
And sometimes it was said they were an hundred persons ; but, 
upon enquiry made of the inhabitants nearest adjacent to that 
place, he could not finde that there was any truth in those reports. 
And he saith that he never saw the Lord Preston but twice, when 
he was last in Cumberland, the last summer was a 12 month, for 
when he then came, he mett him near the abbey-miln at Laner- 
cost with Sir John Fen wick. And his Lordshipp desired this 
informant to guide him to Kirkandrews, which he did, and stayd 
there all night. And he went to waite upon his Lordshipp there 
a little before he went into Yorkshire, but he never heard his 
Lordshipp speak one sylable of any treasonable matters. And he 
hath not received a letter from his said Lordshipp this three years, 
nor from his brother CoUonell James Graham ; nor hath he cor- 
responded with his said brother this seaven years. 


May 11, 1689. Before Thomas Allgood, Esq., one of the 
Coroners for Northumberland. At an inquest sitten att Gunner- 
ton, upon view of the body of Wm. Brearcliffe alias BraidclyfFe, 
late of Farrburne in the parish of Brotherton in the county of 
Yorke, gen., who was yesterday found upon Gunnerton-fell. 

Edward Shaftoe, of Gnnnerton, gen., saith that hee goeing out 
into Gunnerton moores a gunning,* very early yesterday morning, 
upon the brcake of day, at a place called Stone-gapps in Gunner- 
ton moores, hee see two gray tnaires, both sadlcd and bridled, and 
the one of their bridles tyed to the other's sturrup-iron. And, 
seeinc; none near the said maires, hee brought them to the common 

* An account of a very mysterious murder among the Northumbrian moors. Tho 
description possesses all the interest of a romance. It docs not appear that the mur- 
derer was ever discovered. Tlie evidence of Mr. Shafto was confirmed by two others 
of the same name, William and Arthur Shafto, of Gunnerton, gentlemen. 


pinfold of Gunnerton, and putt them therein. After which hee 
called of his brother, William Shaftoe, and told him they would 
goe and see if they could see the owners of the said maires. And, 
rideing on the said moore to a place called Whitley Knoake, being 
further on the moore and higher then ordinary, they hollowed 
there to know if any would answere them. And, goeing north- 
ward on the said hill, they heard a voice of a man crying out 
" Help, for Christ Jesus' sake!" and wished hee had but a man 
to speake to him before he dyed. Whereupon this informant and 
his brother goes northward to a burne side, and hee spoake over 
the burne and asked him what the matter was, and what hee 
wanted. Who replyed hee wanted nothing but a man to speake 
to him before hee dyed, for he was a dyeing man. And this in- 
former askeing him how, or by whome, he said there was a 
rogue had shott and murdered him. This informant asked him 
if he knew him that did soe; and he said, Yes, he knew him well 
enough. And askeing him what they called him, he answered 
" Roger." This informant asked him if he knew his surname; he 
said noe, he did not, but one Mr. Errington, of the Linnells, 
knew him well enough, and could give a better account of him 
than hee, hee being once the said Mr. Errington's servant. And 
this informant and his brother rode through the burne, and went 
to the place where he was lyeing waltering in his owne blood. 
This informant said, " Sir, what's the matter with you?" and he 
said he was shott and murdered by a rogue. This informant 
asked him if the rogue had gott any money from him, and he said 
he had gott two guinnies, one silver watch, one crowne peice of 
silver, three or four shillings, his crivitt and sleeves. This in- 
formant askeing him if he had not a hatt, hee said, noe, he had 
not a hatt, but he had a velvett capp, which the rogue was gone 
with. This informant asked him if he had noe spurrs, and he 
said, " Oh dear, is he gone with my spurrs too? " And findeing a 
part of a pistoll stock, this informant said, " Sir, here's a peice 
of a pistoll stocke:" and he, " Oh dear, hee had two pistolls." 
And this informant, searching among the hather, found the stock 
and lock of the other pistoll, and asked him how the rogue came 
by the pistolls; who replyed, " Mr. Errington lent him them 
before they came away." And this informant asked how he 
came to be soe farr out of the way, and he said they were goeing 
up to the high-lands to see the rogue's mother. And the maires 
were both his owne, and he lent the rogue one to ride one, and 
now hee's gone with them both. The rogue pretended himselfe 
to be sleepy and weary, and had a desire that they should light 
and rest themselves a litle, and when they came and lay downe. 


the deceased lyeing on his belly with his head upon his arme, 
never feareing anything, the said Roger shott him in at his 
back betwixt his shoulders. And after he had shott hiin he fell 
iipon, beating and cutting of his head in severall places with the 
pistolls. And he prayed him fur Christ Jesus sake not to beat 
or cutt his head with the pistolls, and he would quitt him all 
that he had in the world freely, but the rogue said he would 
not; of which shott and wounds the said deceased dyed. 


" Mr, Hodgson,* — My brother Jake is not yet comed home, 
but this week we exspect him. As sonne as he comse I will sind 
mony for the hatte. As for news, we heare that six thusand 

* Mr. Charlton, of Hesleyside, in Northumberland, the head of an ancient Border 
family, is charged with spreading false news. A letter had been intercepted, which 
he was supposed to have written. He was arrested in virtue of the following order 
from liOrd Shrewsbury : — 

"Whitehall, 22 June, '89. 

" Sir, — I send you here inclosed a letter writt, as is said, by one Mr. Charleton, at 
whose house in Northumberland severall disaffected persons are observed to meet. 
The person to whom it is writt is already committed by my Lord Lumley upon another 
account. You are to apply to the next justice of peace for his assistance in e.'iamining 
the said Charleton, when he is apprehended, concerning the contents of this letter, and 
I doubt not but there will be sufficient reason to secure him likewise; at least, to bind 
him over to answer this false and seditious news at the next sessions. You will send 
me a copy of his examinations. — I am, Sir, your faithfuU humble servant, 


"Coll. Fitzwilliam (Heyford), or Commander-in-chief at Newcastle." 

Mr. Hodgson and Mr. Charlton were Roman Catholics and Jacobites. Some 
account of Mr. Hodgson has been already given. 

Political and religious feeling ran very high in Northumberland during the reigns 
of James II. and William and Mary. In 1687 seven Roman Catholic gentlemen were 
placed upon the commission of peace, i. e.. Sir Nicholas Sherburn, Edward Charlton, 
Ralph Clavering, John Errington, Thomas Riddell, Charles Selby. and James Wal- 
lis, Esqrs., and in 1688, .Sir Wm. Creagh, another Roman Catholic, was made Mayor 
of Newcastle, by royal mandate. At this time the insignia of the city, " the cap, the 
the mace, and the sword, were one day carried to the church, another day to the 
Roman Catholic chapel, and on the third to the dissenting meeting-house." 

In November, 1688, Newcastle welcomed Lord Lumley with open arras, and declared 
for the Prince of Orange. The splendid equestrian statue of James II. was torn from 
its pedestal and was thrown into the Tyne. I have seen a deposition about this affair at 
York, but it was too much mutilated to be deciphered. The Roman Catholic gentry 
were now under a cloud. They were subjected to domiciliary visits, and treated with 
a severity that would, no doubt, induce many of them to enter into the Jacobite plots 
of the period. 

Mr. Charlton's offence was spreading false and dangerous news, which the ruling 
powers were always anxious to suppress. 

In 1685, Wm. Drake, Esq., of Barnoldswick, co. York, a justice of the peace, was 


of K. J. forsis sartalnly landed at Kintir in the Hiylands. They 
prist all bots and visills in K. J. name to goe back for lerland for 
more forsis, and they are gon, and the rist following fast. Allso 
there master, whoe sartanly lands in Skotland. The K. standerd 
will be set up be the end of May. Fortty thusand Frinch landed 
in lerland. All this from a good hand, so it is sartanlye credetted 
by all, which is all I can tell you in this, other ways wod say 
more. You wod dissire to here the new landed forsis is with 
Clavours and Makdonills and Makcleanes, who joyns together; 
and we hear that K. J. has made the lord of Macklane Earl of 
Argille. This is all I have time to say. We exspct souldgers 
heare this night or to morrow, for we hear they have bine in most 
plasis, and has got severall horsis out of Quokit, and five horsis 

from Mr. Howard.* Y' sar" 

" Pray sind me too botells of your vere blst Rinnis, and two 
botells of whit wine, the bist you have. The clarred was so bad 
as we weare forst to sind for better, but I emadgen you had noo 
better. Lit the Kinnis and whit wine be the bist you have. 
Sind me 3 bottells of your bist mum to be had. 

In dorso. — " For Mr. Allbertt Ilodgslion, in NewcashilV^ 

July 1, 1689. Before Sir Robert Fenwick, of Bywell, Kt. 
Edioard Charltofi,-^ of Hesslyside, Esq., saith, that the letter 
shewn to him is not of this ex'^s hand, nor did he know anything 
of the writeing thereof, or who writ the same. He did not, nor 
doth keepe any person or persons aboute his house, or in his 
family, that gave or gives any disturbance to the present govern- 
ment, to his knowledsre. 


July 5, 1689. Before Sir Robert Fenwick, Kt. Wm. Ash- 
burne, of Hexhmn, gentleman, saith, that he heard one Robert 

charged with this offence. He was, however, in so infirm a state of health, that no 
notice was taken of liis words. 

" An indictment against Leonard Ash, of Knaresbro', clerk, for saying, on the 16th 
of August, 1695, at Boro'bridge, ' The towne of Namur is retaken by the French, and 
forty thousand French fell upon our foot and cut off a great many of them, but some of 
our horse broak through them and scampered away.' " 

* Probably Charles Howard, of Overacres, in Redesdale. 

-f- A nephew of Sir Edward Charlton, of Hesleyside, Bt. who raised a troop of horse 
for Charles I., and whose estates were sequestered by the Parliament. He married, in 
1680, Margaret, daughter of Sir Francis Salkeld, of Whitehall, in Cumberland. Mr. 
Charlton died in 1710, aged 50. His widow survived him, and died at York in 
1729. E. C. 


Jefferson, of Hexham, say that there was a great rogury done in 
Whitehall to King James. And being askt who had done it or 
what it was, he said that the Prince of Oringe took downe all his 
rich hangings, both their and in other places, and had carryed 
them to some place to be transported into Holland, which was 
robbery. And tbat he had robd Whitehall of King James' plait, 
and had smelted itt, and some of itt had coyned into money, and 
the rest he made into piggs like lead and sent itt into Holland, 
and he hoped that he would follow it himselfe or long. 


Aug 4, 1689. Before Richard Patrickson, Esq. Mr. John 
Stevens, quarter-master in L^. Coll. Levyson^s troope of dragoons 
in the Queens 7'egime7it, saith that, on Friday, being in company 
with Mr. Richard Jackson, schoolemaster of St, Beese,* the said 
Mr. Jackson did suddenly rise upp from his seate, and askte him 
who he was for. He replyed he was for King William; but Mr. 
Jackson said he was for King James. And being askte by this 
ex"^ if he knew what he said, Mr. Jackson answered he did, and 
clapeing his hand on the table said he woo'd stand by it soe longe 
as he had a drope of blood in his body. And he further said itt 
was noe treason to drinke King James' health. 


Oct. 25, 1689. John Wiggins, of Bramham,-\ being at John 

* The master of the endowed school at St. Bees avows himself a Jacobite in the 
presence of some soldiers, who make him their prisoner. 

t An Irish soldier is committed to York Castle for speaking treason. 

On Feb. 26, 1689-90, an Irishman of the name of Brian O' Brian, was examined 
before Sir William Lowther, being charged with treason. A scrap of paper was found 
upon him containing the addresses of eleven Roman Catholics, among whom were the 
names of Mr. Gascoigne, of Parlington, and Mr. Scrope, of Danby. There is given 
with the deposition a printed proclamation, which was in the possession of the pri- 
soner, " From his most sacred majesty, King James the Second, to all his most loving 
subjects in the Kingdom of England," dated from Dublin Castle. May 8, 16S9. The 
man was, in all probability, engaged in some Jacobite plot. He gives the following 
account of himself. 

" Bryan O'Bryan sayeth that he hath been employed in worke in the county of York 
for a whole yeare past, and that he was goeing to Esq. Rookeby's to Morton, or Mr. 
Watterton, or to Sir Henry Slingsby's to Red house, there to be employed att one of 
those places ; and the late King's declaration being found about him, he sayeth he had 
it from one Elizabeth Maskey, a servant to Mr. AVatterton of AVallton, who, he says, 
was reading of it." 


Smitli's, heard two persons very abusive, and said that they Avould 
serve King James : upon which they were conveyed before Sir 
Thomas Armitage to his house at Biggin, and one of them, who 
calls himselfe Tedy Murfew, did assawlt and beat the deponent 
upon his breast with his staff, and said that he would fight for 
King James as long as he lived. 

Tedy Mwfew, of Crumlin, near Dublin, soldier, — had been a 
soldier under the late King James here in England, and arrived 
in this kingdom Oct. the 5th, 1688, and that he had been a beg- 
ger up and down the contrey ever since the late King went awjiy, 
but if he had his liberty he would live upon his calling, fencing 
and dancing. He was drunk, and could not tell what he said and 
did. He is a Roman Catholic. 


Dec. 26, 1689. Before James Nicholson, Esq., Maior of Car- 
lisle. Mrs. Jane Wallas saith, that, on Tuesday last, three per- 
sons (whose names this informer does not well know, but one of 
them is the Laird of Stableton and one other, his brother, the 
Laird of Stanke), were drinking at her house, and desired this in- 
former to sit downe and drinke with them ; and the person who 
had a laced coat, and who is called Laird of Stableton, began the 
King's health. This informer said she would pledge King 
William's health; the said Laird of Stableton asked who she 
meant of, whether or noe it was not the Prince of Orange, and 
whether he was brought in by God or the people? and further said 
he knewe no King but King James. This informer replyed she 
hop'd King William would be shortly in Scotland, and then they 
would all owne him. Upon which Laird Stableton answered, that 
if Kinoj William went into Scotland he should find hot comeingr 


May 10, 1690. Before Thomas Denton and John Briscoe, 
Esqrs. Thomas Lund, a private soldier in Capt. Wolfs company 
in Carlisle garrison, saith that, upon Tuesday last, and at severall 
times before, one Eobert Graham, of Gariston,* gentleman, did 

* A Cumberland gentleman is charged with treason. He has been already men- 
tioned in No. cclxiv., and it is evident that he was a strong Jacobite. It would be 
curious to know something more about Thomas Lund. Was he at all related to the 


tell this informant that King William was an outcomelin rebell, 
and had banished the right King from his crown and dignitie; 
and he hoped to see King James sett in his throne before INlartin- 
mas day next : and he told me that we were all rebells both to the 
King and his government. And the said Graham would gladly 
have perswaded this informant to desert his colours, and to go 
along with him to Brecon hill, or to Dilston, to the Earl of Der- 
wentwater's,* if he had a minde, that he might thence get safe into 
Lancashire (being this informant's countrey); and that he would 
take five Grahams to himselfe, who would beat all the souldiers in 
RowclifFe and Gargoe into the citty's gates at Carlisle; and tliat 
fifteen thousand men were comeing out of the Scotch Hylands 
towards Sterling, and that they would beat us into the hole like 
rogues as we were. And further saith that upon notice of a 
party going out of Carlisle, one John Goodfellowf of Rowcliffe got 
upon a black mare and rode to Robert Graham's house to Garis- 
town and bid him begone, for there was mischeife against him; 
whereupon he lied to the moor, where he was taken, haveing, 
before the party came, convey d away his armes, vizt., 4 swords 
and 2 guns. 

Robert Graham^ of Gainstoivn, saith, that he was a trooper in 
Scotland under Captain Clavers, late Lord Dundee, about seaven 
yeares since. He knows one Thomas Lund, who was quartered 
at his brothers, and the said Lund came thither on Tuesday night 
much concern'd in drink, and began to abuse the house, till this 
ex* rebuked him for it; whereupon the said Lund did threaten 
to pull out a pistall and to shoot this ex*. Denies that they had 
any discourse concerning King William or King James. 

man who took so prominent a position in the well-known Lancashire plot ? The 
Grahams, during this century, were the most turbulent family in Cumberland. 

* It is most interesting to see how the Jacobites in the North were beginning, even 
now, to regard the head of the house of Radcliffe as their leader. Five and twenty 
years after this the son of the nobleman who is here mentioned lost his life and his 
estates, and, in the words of the touching ballad, bade 

" Farewell to pleasant Dilston Hall, 
My father's ancient seat ! 
A stranger now must call thee his, 
AVhich gars my heart to greet ! ' ' 

The memory of this high-spirited and ill-fated nobleman is still cherished in the 
North with affectionate regret. Every relic of the rising and its leader has been most 
carefully treasured up. I have had in my hands one of the white cockades that was 
mounted in the insurrection. 

f Goodfellow denies giving any information, and says that ho went to Mr. Graham's 
house at Garistown " to desire liberty to grave stacks in his ground." 


Ancient-bearer, 1. The bearer of a 
flag, or ensign. "Saul and his an- 
cients." "Phillop Grondye the annci- 
ent."—Eccl. Proc. 222. 

Batt, 84. ? a gut. A bate in Craven 
is a fibre of wood. 

Beatment, 194. A measure containing 
about a quarter of a peck. Common 
in the North. 

Bedsioope, 65. One of the principal 
timbers in a bed that runs into the 
posts or stocks. The thin laths or 
spars that run across the bed from 
one stoop to another were called bed- 
staves. — Eccl. Proc. Durham, 1630. 

Bill, 85, 128. A halbert-shaped piece 
of iron with a hook at the end, used 
by hedgers and countrypeople. Called 
a broome-hoohe, 128, and a watch-bill, 
128, 284. In the latter case it is the 
ordinary pike or halbert used by the 
officer of the Corporation of Ripon. 

BoATE, boote. A-S. help, aid. 

"What is good for a bootlesse bene?" 
She answered, "Endless sorrow." 

BoDDELLS, 217. A small brass coin 

worth about the 3rd of a half penny. 

They have the Scottish thistleon them, 

and were very common in the North 

in the 17th century. 
BoTLE, 289. A small bundle or wrsp. 

" To seek a needle in a bottle of hay." 
Brabler, 10. A quarreller.— C/', Ercl. 

Proc, Dunelm., 259. 

" In private brabble did we apprehend 

(Twelfth Night, Act v. Sc. 1.) 

Brachet, 161, 162. A little dog used 
for scenting and hunting — perhaps a 
terrier or spaniel. It calls to mind 
the little brachet of La Beale Isoud 

that recognised Sir Tristram in his 
madness. — Cf. Morte d' Arthur, 1, 343. 
Bunch, 10. To beat. A word still com- 
mon in the North. 

Caddow, 205. A woollen covering or 

Cadgeings, 209. The edges.— C/. 

Cast, 127. To examine. 
Cheeke, 46. The posts of a door, the 

side posts. 
Church-lay, 66 A church rate oi 

cess. Common in the North. Office 

against Humphrey Dalton, " He de- 

nyeth to pay 2d. for his churche-lny.'^ 

■ — Ealand, 1586. 
Coller, 3. Choler, anger. 
Coronett, 16. A cornet. 
Cracks, 204. Boasting or bragging. 
" .(Ethiops of their sweet complexion 
crack." — (Love's Labour Lost, Act 

iv. Sc. 3.) 

Cropp, 31. A Roundhead. 

" Kentish Sir Byng stood for his King, 
Bidding the crop-headed Parliament 

Crossing, 188. Angry or contradic- 

CusTRELL, 85 n. A beggar, a pitiful 
" He's a coward and a coystril that 

will not drink to my neice." 

(Twelfth Night, Act i. Sc. 3.) 

Cutters, 35. Highwaymen, or robbers. 

Daygate, 287. Sunset. " About day - 
gate he found the barn-doore open." 
— Durham Chancery Papers, 1675. 

Dead, 192. In a fit or swoon. 

Deard, 52. Frightened or injured. 

Disenabled, 1 13. Disabled. 



DiSTEMPEREn, 37. Distracted or dis- 
ordered. " Distempered with drinck." 
— Court Papers, Durham, 1607. 
" It is but as a body yet distemper' d." 
(Hen. IV., Act iii. So. 1.) 

Dithering, 29. Shaking, trembling. 
In 1678 Thoresby was sick of the 
ague " not only with the dithering:, 
but a violent pain in the back of my 
head." — Diary, i. 23. 

DocKEN, 69. The dock. 

DuBB, 292. A reach, or piece of still 
waterinariver. Apond. In 1624 Isabel 
Walker called Ralph Blakeston " Po- 
pish rogue and Popish rascall, and 
said the devill and he danced in a 
dubb together." — Eccl. Proc. Durham. 

Dunes, 151. ? 

Earned, 9 n, 38. To curdle. 
•' Since naething awa, as we can learn, 
The kirns to kirn, and milk to earn." 

Fanones, 4. ? 

Fastenes, 230. Shrove-tide.— C/. Eccl. 
Proc. Durham, 69, 87, 308. 

Fauchett, 275. A sword, or faulchion. 

FiRE-poiTE, 51. A poker. — Craven 

Flackett, 194. A flask, or wood- 

Flawter, 154. To flap. In the North, 
flacker, hodie. 

Foresworne, 226, 269. Perjured. A 
true bill against Wm. Whaley of Ap- 
pleby, for saying on Jan. 10, 28 Car. 
II., to Robert Westmerland, " Thou 
SiTt a. forsworne fellow, and I will prove 
it." — York Castle Papers. 

" Your oath once broke, you force not 

to forswear." 
(Love's Labour Lost, Act V. Sc. 2.) 

Fox-thatcher, 155. ? an earth- 
Frontstead, 285. The front of a house. 

Gapstead, 29. A gap, or hole in a 

Garr, 151. To make. 

"A stranger now must call thee his, 
Which garrs my heart to greet." 

Gavelockes, 110, 223. Crowbars. A 

common word in the North. 
Gill, 148, 9. A small wooded glen. 

generally with a stream running 

through it. 
Granado, 19, 47, n. A grenade. — 

Grave, 300, n. To cut or dig. 
Gripte, 129. Grasped, seized hold of. 

A common word. 

Hankt, 193, 197. Hooked or fastened. 

Still in use, "hanking fish." 
Harnes, 186, 7. The brains. 
Headed, 73. Beheaded. 
Hough, 202. A heel or foot. 

Ill, 8. Bad, evil. " She had many ill 
fitts. — Eccl. Proc. Durham, 1616. 

Imy, 30. White, reeking. Ime in the 
North is hoar frost. 

Kerbs. Rogues, villains. — Wright. 

Kening, 194. Half a bushel. 

Ketch, 41. A keel or barge. — Gf. Gloss. 

to York Fabric rolls. 
KiDDS, 229. Faggots. 

Lee, 30. Urine. — Wright. 

LoOKT, 192, 209. Knotted or tied. 
This was thought to be the work of 
witches or fairies, and the knot placed 
the victim in their power. Of these 
elf-locks, cf. Rokeby, canto iv, the 
Scottish ballad of the Witch Mother — 

O wha has loos'd the nine witch-knots. 
That was amang that lady's locks." 
— and Romeo and Juliet. 

Lyke, 258. Seemingly, to all appear- 

Mall, 25. Mail. A trunk or port- 

Mart, 260, 1. Market. "He gave 
them one ox to make a. mart upon." — 
Eccl. Proc. Durham, 1572. 

Medicer, 93, 196 A mediciner, or 
quack doctor. 

Midden, 29 L. A dunghill. Very com- 

Mistall, 29. A cowhouse or byar. 
At Cumberworth, in 1671, "a lath 
sett on fire and burned downe to the 
ground, with the mistalls and other 
outhouseinge adjoyninge." — 

York Castle Papers. 

Mum, 297. A kind of liquor. 

Naked, 185. Unarmed. 



Naught, 126 n, 282. Generally las- 
civious or lewd. 

Or, 298. Before. "And the lions 
brake all their bones in pieces or ever 
they came to the bottom of the den." 

OuTCOMEMN, 300. A stranger. In 
1621 a person calls the vicar of Hed- 
don " an outcome lad." — Eccl. Proc. 

Overgone, 65. Hurt or injured. 

Pause, 32. To strike or beat. •ra<ci>. 
Peece, 49 n. A piece with. Akin to. 
PiLLOWBEARE, 28. A piUow-casc. 
PiNCK, 273. A small vessel with a narrow 

straight stern. — Wright. 
Pipe, 32. An issue or abscess. 
Proded, 163. Punched or poked. A 

common word. 

Quean, 163. A young girl; occasion- 
ally used in a bad sense. A Scottish 

Receptor, 157. A receiver, "a recettor 
of theives." — Eccl. Proc. Durham, 

Reformado, 33 {Span.) An officer, 
who, for some disgrace, was deprived 
of his command, but retained his 
rank. — Wright. 

Reppills, 141. Scratches or slits. 

Rock, 197. A distaff. 

RowD, 218. Worked in rows. 

RuND, 189 n. Clipped or rounded. 

Si^CKLEss, 124 m, 248. Innocent. 
Sheyll, 155, 156 n. A rude hovel for 

fishermen or shepherds, — unde North 

and South Shields. 

SiLLT, 191. The food used by witches, 

dwarfs, fairies, &c. 
Skreaked, 76, 142. Shrieked or 

Slotts, 49. The sliding bolts or bars 

that run across a door from wall to 

Slouths, 153. Sleuths, or the pursuit 

of robbers ; generally made with dogs 

that were called sleuth-hounds. 
Smothered, 153. Concealed from. 
Spring, 229. A young wood or planta- 
Staggs, 148-9. Young horses. 
Steime, 210. To order or buy. 
Stowled, 6. Cut off, or perhaps drilled 

Swattle, 186. To splash or rise in 

the water. Ducks are said to swattle 

when they are drinking. 

Tabled, 260-1. To have one's table or 

Wagge, 28. Beckon, 

Waked, 288 90. To watch or sit up all 

night with. Generally with a sick 

person or a corpse. 

" The watchman waketh but in vain." 

Walker, 275. A fuller. 

Wame-tow, 100, 226. A girth. The 
belly-band of a horse. 

Wanded,40, 56. Covered with wicker- 
work, like a flask. 

Wellked, 156. Spotted or marked. 

Whighen, 209. The mountain ash. 
The rowan-tree, which witches hated. 

Wool-feli.s, 97. Sheepskins. 

Yaite, 56. A gate. 


N. B. The letter n after the Number of the page refers to the Note. 


Abbey, Robert, 1C7 

Abbott, Eliz., 237, 237 n., 238 ; Richard, 

Acaster, Thos., 16 
Acklam, Alice, 123 ; Ellen, 168 ; George, 

123; Eliz., wife of, 123; George, jun. 

123 ; Margt., wife of, 123 ; John, 

222; Peter, 87; Robt., 168; Sarah, 

123 ; Thos., Anne wife of, 123 
Acklom, Peter, 129 n 
Ackman, Robt., 136 ; Eliz., wife of, 

Acres, Akers, John, 177 
Adam, Robt., 122; Anne, wife of, 122 
Adams, Mathew, 20; "Wm. esq., 58, 

78 n., 117 
Adamson, Anthony, 122, 182; Henry, 

122, 182; Eliz., wife of, 122, 182; 

Joseph, 110; Margt., 182 
Adcock, Nicholas, 181 
Adcocke, Wm., 88 n 
Addison, Francis, 248; Thos., 133; 

Rebecca, wife of, 133; Wm., 140; 

Mary, wife of, 140 
Agarr, Eliz., 131 n., 132 
Aglionby, John, esq., 162 
Ainsly, Aynsley, Aynsly, Michael, 191, 

194', 197; Margt, wife of, 191, 194, 

Airey, George, 27.5 n 
Aisker, Chr., 180 
Aislaby, Barbara, 121 ; Aislabye, Mr. 

Geo., 21071., 211, 211 w., 212, 213; 

Miss, 210 «.; Robt, 120 
Akeman, Robt., 183 
Akroyd, Thos., 87 n 
Albemarle, Duke of. 277, 277 n., 293 
Alcocke, James, 171, 181; Anne, wife 

of, 171, 181 
Alder, Dorothy, 207 ; Henry, 268 n. ; 

Wm., 277 
Alderson, Chr. 147 n. ; Helen, 147 n. ; 
George, 147, 149, 149 n. ; James, 
147; John, 147, 148 n., 149 

Alford, Arthur, 144 

Algood, Eliz., 227 

Allan, Rich., 115; William, 27 

Allanson, Eliz., 88 n. ; Francis, esq., 67; 
Robt., clerk, 32 ; Wm. 245 n., 269 n. ; 

AUdin, Haldin, Anthony, 292, 293 

Allen, Anthony, 137, 183 ; Anne, wife 
of, 137, 183 ; Francis, 284; George, 
183, 269 w., 272; Eliz., wife of, 137, 
183; Ellen, wife of, 181; James, 
181; Anne, wife of, 181 ; John of 
Ravensworth, 183; Eliz., wife of, 
181; Mark, 183 ; Anne, wife of, 183 ; 
Nicholas, 137, 183; Valentine, 183 

Allenson, Anne, 87 »i. ; Eliz., 168; Sir 
Wm., 1 

Allerton, Lockley, 80 n. ; Rob., 32 

Alleyn, John, 120; Alice, wife of, 120 

AUgood, Mr. Thos., 294 

Allinson, Barth., 87 n 

Allison, Joseph, 288; Thos., 94 n 

AUyson, Rob., 84 

Ambler, Mr., 227 n 

Ambrey, Roger, 189 

Anderson, Catharine, 227 ; Eliz., 207 ; 
Ellen, 136; James, 197; Kath.,207; 
Margaret, 183; Matthew, 207 ; Rob., 
206, 227; Trinian, 136, 183; Eliz., 
wife of, 136, 183 

Anderton, Christiana, 235,236; Henry, 

Andrew, Isabel, 194 

Andrewes, John, 240, 240 n., 241, 270 

Ahlaby, John, esq., 53 

Ansley, Ralph, 180 

Anthony, Chas., Vicar of Cattcrick, 160, 
160 n 

Anwood, Will., 261 

Apleby, Appleby, Anne, 168; Andrew, 
168; Anthony, 171, 180; Jane, wife 
of, 180; Edmund, 265, 266, 267; 
Dorothy, 180; Gabriel, 183; Galfrid, 
171; Mary, wife of, 171; George, 
168; Jas , esq. 263n., 267; Mark, 
137, 183; Marmaduke, 171; Thos., 
139; Eliz., wife of, 139 



Appleton, Nicholas, 121 ; Mary, wife of, 

121; Rob. 121 ; Thos , 120; Mary, 

wife of, 120 
Appleyard, Mary, 166 
Archer, Will., 52, 53 
Ardsey, John, 73 
Argyle, Argile.Earl of, 273, 273 n., 274, 

274 n.; 297 
Arlington, Lord, 146 m 
Armitage, Sir John, 86 n., 87, 97, 100, 

126, 141, 146, 164, 164n., 165n; 

Lady Margaret, 165 n,; Mich., esq., 

164; Rob., 263 n. ; Sir Thos., 299; 

Wm., esq., 12 
Armstrong, Armestrong, Armestrange, 

Anne, 155, 191, 192, 193, 197, 199, 

200, 201 ; Jenkin, 153 ; Jo., 156, 227 ; 

Mary, 237 n. ; Thos. 227 ; Margaret, 

wife of, 227 
Arrington, 27 n 

Arrundell, Kath., 235 ; Lord, 233, 236 
Ash, Leonard, 297 n 
Ashborne, Thos., 121 
Ashburne, Rob., 219, 219 w. ; Wm. esq., 

Ashby, Ashbie, Capt. Alex. ; 17, 17 w.; 

Major, 14«., 15, 18 
Ashmore, Anne, 96 
Ashton, Edward, 178 n. ; Dr. Robt., 33, 

36, 36 n., 37, 38 
Assheton, John, esq., 64, 232, 233, 235. 
Askew, Chr. and wife, 171 
Askwith, Chr. and wife, 138 ; John, and 

wife, 179; Thomasin, 179; Will., 

Aslaby, Thos., 89 n 
Asten, John, Eliz., wife of, 52 
Asswall, Aswall, Thos , 264, 265 
Atcheson, Isab., 125 
Atking, Peter, 268 ; Margaret, wife of, 

Atkins, widow, 95 

Atkinson, , 115, 153 

Atkinson, Alice, 133 ; Cecily, 137, 183 ; 

Diana, 171; Dinah, 180; Eliz., 181, 

227; Edward, 133; Francis, 148 ?i. ; 

Geo., 145, 148. n; Henry, esq., 217 ; 

Henry, 171, 180; Anne, wife of, 171, 

180 ; James, 53 n. ; John, esq., mayor 

of Appleby, 276; John, 180, 269'n.; 

John (of Eppleby), 163 ; Margt., wife 

of, 163; Mary, 179, 184; Rich., 70 n., 

133; Capt. Rob., 102, 102 w., 103, 

103 w., 104, 105, 107, 108, 109, 110, 

124 n.; Thos. and wife, 207 
Aubone, Wm., 268 n., 273. 274, 274 n 
Audas, Awdas, Anthony, 122, 139, 166; 

Ursula, 122, 139 

AuUe, Ralph, and wife, 171 

Aune, Geo., 44 n 

Autey, Autie, Awty, Otty, Daniel, 215, 

215 n., 216, 281, 281 n., 282 ; Alice, 

wife of Edward, 216, 282 
Autwicke, Austwick, Lieut., 14 n., 17, 

17 n 
Avery, Luke, 239 n 
Avyard, John, 112 
Awderson, Robt., 78 
Aydon, Geo., and wife, 206 
Ayleman, Robt., 171 ; Eliz., wife of, 171 
Aynsley, Wm., 239 n 
Ayscough, Aiscough, Alan, 137, 271 n. ; 

Anne, wife of, 137 ; Francis, esq., 

137, 244, 269 ?i., 271 ; Mr. James, 

271, 271n 


Babthorpe, Robt., 95 n 

Bacon, Eborah, 180. 

Bagley, Hugh, 123; Mercy, wife of, 123 

Baildon, Major, 57 

Bainbrige, Bainbrigg, Bainbridge, Mary, 

174; Thomas, 170, 182; Ellinor.wife 

of, 170, 182 
Baine, Eliz., 181 ; Francis, 169; George, 

80; Humphrey, 169, 182; Susanna, 

wife of, 169, 182; Margt., 179, 181; 

Richard, EUz., wife of, 179; Wm., 

Frances, wife of, 180 
Baines, Thos., 167; Isabel, wife of, 167 
Bainton, Dorothy, 168; James, 168; 

Jane, wife of, 168 
Baites, Jane, 197 ; Thos., Ann, wife of, 

191 ; Thos., 139 ; Jane, wife of, 139 
Baitson, Henry, 138 
Baker, Debora, 169; Rich, and wife, 

174; Roger, 139 
Balderston, James, 167 
Baldwin, Nicholas, 58 
Balke, Ralph, 121 
Bamborrow, Mary, 207 
Baminont, Dorothy, 167; Matt., 167 
Banckes, Chr., 120; Jane, wife of, 120; 

Joan, 120; John, 120; junr., 120; 

Eliz. wife of, 120; Sam., 225; Thos. 

133; Wm., 263 
Bancroft, Thos., 214 
Bankes, Banckes, Cuthbert, 138, 171, 

180; Cecily, wife of, 138, 171, 180; 

Hannah, 130, 13! ; John, 130, 131; 

Judith, 130, 131 ; Paull, 130, 130 n., 

131; Wm., 130, 131 
Banks, Peter, 204, 205 
Bannister, Joseph, 1 1 , 52, 52 n 



Barbar, Ralph, and wife, 129n 
Barber, Mr., 39 ; of Long Witton, 155 
Bare, Robt., 120 

Barker, Anne, 180; Castinia, 180; Do- 
rothy, 137; Eliz., 166, 180; Francis, 
esq., 161 ; George, 72 71.; Peter, 283 n.; 
Richard, 276 n.; Thos., 121 
Barley, Sam., 133 

Barnard, Richard, 170; Anne, wife of, 
170 ; of Thornton in Pickering, 140 

Barnarde, , 33 

Barnes, Alderman, 172 n., 252 n.; Am- 
brose, 174 w.; Christian, 168 

Barnet, John, 218, 225, 225 n 

Barningham, John, 168; Hannah, wife 
of, 168 

Baron, Sir Richard, 18 

Barrett, James, 138, 166 

Barringham, Chr. 168; Anne, wife of, 

Barrowes, Edw., 52, 52 ?;. 

Barsley, George, Margt. wife of, lo8 

Bartlett, John, and wifC; 180 

Bartley, Capt., 40 

Barton, Alice, 137 ; Anthony, 95; Wm. 
Anne, wife of, 121 

Bartram, John, senr., 228 ; junr , 228 

Barwick, Barwicke, Ellen, 120; George, 
140 ; Henry, 136 ; Anne, wife of, 136 ; 
Sir Robert, kt., 11, 21, 22, 23, 36n., 
44, 48, 63 n.; Tristram, 190 n 

Basire, Isaac, 257 n 

Bates, Eliz., 49 n 

Batley, Batly, Battley, Wm., 215, 216 «, 
246, 246 n 

Batt, Robt. esq., 254 n 

Battersby, Nich., 101, 102 

Battley, John, 18 

Batty, Chr., 138, 167, 184; Geo., 164; 
Rich., 164; Wm., 41 

Bawcham, Geo., 207 

Bawden, Chr., 117 

Bawmer, Jos., esq. 253 

Bawmforth, Sampson, 181 

Baxter, Anne, 268 n.; Charles, and wife, 
179; John, 169; Eliz,, 169; Mark, 
166; Mary, wife of, 166 

Baxter, Marmaduke, and wife, 166; 
Thos., 67 

Bayley, Henry, 138, 184; Isabel, wife 
of, 184; Thos., 165 

Bayne, Magdalen, 179; Margt., 169 

Baynes, Thos., 70, 70 n 

Baynton, Jane, 182 

Beacham, Mr., 215 

Beadnell, Beadnal, Bednall, Geo., 174; 
Rob., esq., 207 ; Thos., 239 

Bealley, Margt., 166 

Beamont, Beaumont, Geo., 87 n. ; Lady, 

282 ; Susan, 28 n., 29 
Beanlands, Jane, 223 
Beauvoir, Beavoir, Bevoyr, Capt. Peter 

de, 32, 32 n., 34, 35, 35 7i, 36 
Becke, John, 121 ; Mary, 121 
Beckwith, Geo., 290 ?i.; Isabella, 122 
Jane, 179; John, 184; Julian, 169 
Marmaduke, 169; Eliz., wife of, 169 
Math., esq., 36, 37 n., 80; Roger 
esq. 122; Thos., esq., 169, 179 
Wm., 167, 169, 265, 265 n 
Beeby, John, 110 

Beecroft, Eliz., 223, 223 n.; Rich., 224 
Beedal, Anthonie, 56 
Beesley, Rich., 167 ; Agnes, wife of, 167 
Beevers, Thos., 6 
Beilby, Margt., 121 
Bek, Bp. of Durham, 16\ n 
Bell, Adam, 165; Andrew, 190; Ann, 
182; Dorothy, 170; Jane, 151 ; James, 
189 «.; John, 151, 151 n., 152, 152 «., 
153; Mary, 169, 180; Nicholas, 239ft.; 
Robt., 275; Thos., 141, 151 n 
Bennington, John, 17 
Benson, Rich., 133 
Eenskyn, Mr. Rob., 42 
Bentham, John, 133, 167 
Bentley, John, 166, 181; Mary, 138; 

Michael, 166, 181 
Benton, Jennet, 74, 75 ; Geo., 74, 75 
Bents, John, 133 

Berry, Frances, 183; Geo., 136; Mary, 
wife of, 136; Grace, 183; John, esq., 
244 «., 269 n.; of Barford, 136, 171, 
183; Eliz., wife of, 136, 171, 183; 
John of Forcett, 183 ; Eliz., wife of, 
183; John, of Laton, 170; Eliz., wife 
of, 170; Mary, 170; Mathew, 183; 
Robt., esq., 138, 244 /i., 269 n., 271 ; 
Wm., 183, 229 
Bethel, Bethell, Col., 30 n.; Henry, 

63 ».; Hugh, esq., 53 
Beverley, Jas., 263; Mayor of, 50, 53 n.; 

Recorder of, 53 n 
Bewick, Will., 50 

Bibby, 223 n 

Bickerdyke, Barbara, 169; Kath., 171 , 

Richard, 59, 59 n., 60, 61, 62 
Bilcliflfe, Rich., 167; Mary, wife of, 167 ; 

Wm., 167 ; Mary, wife of, 167 
Billany, widow, 169 
Billerby, John, 120 
Bilton,Ely, 275 n.; Dorothy, 228; Thos., 

275 ft 
Binckes, Francis, esq., 139 ; Eliz., wife 
of, 139 ; Mary, 182 ; Peter, Anne, 
wife of, 121, 168, 182 

X 2 



Bird, Jane, 120; James, 144 
Birkbeck, Birkebecke, Bridget, 137, l«l; 

Edward, 137, 181, 183, 269 n.; Jane, 

Birkett, Math., 263 ; Wm., 138 
Bittleston, John, 173, 174 
Blackburne, Edward, 182; Ellis, 140; 

James, 167 ; Major, 23 ; Mary, 120 ; 

Michael], 13, 14 n., 16, 17, 22, 23; 

Rob., 1 00 w.; Widow, 169; Wm. 182 
Blackett, Eliz., 136 ; Thos., 263 ; Sir 

Walter, 172 n 
Blackling, Francis, 167; John, 167 
Blacklocke,Blakelocke, Cuthbert, 239 w.; 

Mark, 239 «. ; Rob., 153 
Bladworth, John, 88 w 
Blagdon, Blaigdon, Lyonell, and wife, 

172m., 174 
Blair, Thomas, 174 
Blake, Blaque, Gen., 42, 42 n 
Blakeley, John, 88 
Blakelin, John, 133; Francis, 133 
Blakey, Peter, 169, 179; Eliz., wife of, 

169; Sarah, 179 
Blakiston, Mr. Councellor, 275; Francis, 

137; Wm., esq., 106 
Bland, Adam, 178, 178 w.; Geo., 133, 

167; Sir Thos., 178 ?i 
Bianshard, Jane, 121 ; Rich., Isab. wife 

of, 122, 139; Rob., Margt. wife of, 

121; Thos., 121; Thos. junr., 121; 

Wm., 46 
Blashell, Margt., 123 
Blaylock, Thos., 292 
Blenckarne, Francis, 167 
Blenkinsopp, Ann , 227; Catherine, 285 n 
Blowes, Mistresse, 221 ; Rob., 221 
Blythman, Blytheman, Jasper, esq., 249, 

249 n. ; Richard, 88 
Boardman, John, 167, 184; Isab., wife 

of, 184 
Body, Wm., 122 
Bolby, John, 129 
Bolland, Ed., 119 
Bollen, Thos, 167 
Belles, Hy., 182 
Bolron, Bouldron, Rob., 1 68, 240, 240 n., 

241, 241 n., 242, 242 n., 243 n., 244, 

244 n., 245, 246, 24Cn., 251 n., 271 n 
Bolt, Boult, John, 83, 229 
Bolton, Duke of, 258 n 
Bond, James, 166 
BonncU, Thos., clerk, 225 
Bonner, Suzann, 172 n 
Bonnyvant, Major, 16 
Boolmer, John, 171 ; Jane, wife of, 171 
Booth, Geo., 137, 166; Eliz., wife of, 


Booth, Geo., 137; Isab., wife of, 137; 

George, Sir, 81, 81 n., 93 n., 97 n. ; 

John, clerk, 189, 189 n., 190; Jeremy, 

116; Rich., 29; Wm., Joan wife of, 38 
Boothman, Bootham, Bowtham, Henry, 

138, 184; Richard, 138, 184; Alice, 

wife of, 138, 184; Rich., junr., 138, 

Borges, John. 167; Alice, wife of, 167 
Borrick, Anne, 170 
BosseJl, Francis, 137 
Boteler, Noel, 257 n 
Bothomley, John, 181; Jonas, and wife, 

166, 181 
Boulbye, Rich., 25 
Boulton, Barth.. 122 
Bourchier, Sir Barrington, 259 n 
Bovill, Rich., 167 ; Mary, wife of, 122, 

139; Mary, 167 
Bower, Jeremy, 117, 118; Rosamond, 

wife of, 118 
15owes, Eliz., 169, 182; Francis, esq., 

108; James, 110; Sir Wm., 284 
Bowman, John, 161; Thos,, 229, 292, 

Bowser. Rob., 133 
Bowsfeild, Steven, 104 
Bowson, John, 168; Henry, 168; Mar- 
garet, 168 
Boyes, Mr., 24 ; Jas., 140 ; Isab., wife 

of, 140; Wm., 167 
Brabant, Henry, 158, 158 «., 239 n.; 

Henry, junr., 158 n 
Brace, Bracey, Bracy, Edmund, 220, 

221, 260, 261 ; John, 220, 221 
Bradburne, John, 176 
Bradford, Eliz., 133 
Bradley, James, 166, 181; John, 138; 

Mr., 1, i n., 2 n.; Savile, 2n.; Simon, 

183; Thos., 32, 32 n 
Bradrake, Bradricke, Anthony, 171, 181 
Bradshaw, Capt., 42; Constable, esq., 

232 n.; Henry, 116, 117; Pre- 

; sident of Council, 36, 41 n 
Braithricke, Anne, 181 
Braithwaite, Brathwaite, Rich., esq., 

102, 104; Thos., esq., 75 
Brame, Wm., 140 
Bramhall, Thos., 209 
Bramlev, Chr., 71, 7 In., 88 
Brandling, Eliz., 206 ; Frances, 206 ; 

Robt., esq., 227 
Branthwaite, Edw., 133; Thos. 133 
Brasill, Katherine, 179 
Brearcliffe or Braidclifte. Wm., esq,, 294 
Brearey, James, 89 n.; Wm., 95 ?i. 
Briden, Bridon, James, 151, 151 n., 152, 

153, 156 



Bridge, John, 170 

Bridgeman, Wm., 265, 265 >i 

Bridges, Dr., 146 

Bridgewater, Jane, 122, 182; Thos., 

Briggs, Edw., esq., 72, 73, 79, 79 n.; 
John, 1; Dan., 7; Mary, 8; Wm., 
139; Mary, wife of, 139 

Brigham, Dorothy, 182 ; Henry, 182 ; 
Mary, 182 ; Richard, 182 

Bright, Brights, Col., 26, 26 n.; Henry, 
70 n.; Stephen, 70 «.; Thos., 24, 
24 n 

Brignall, Ellinor, 183; Thos., 171; Ellen, 
wife of. 171 

Briscoe, John, esq., 299 

Brittane, John, 1 

Brittlebancke, John, 167 

Broad, Thos., 35 n 

Broadhead, Mary, 184 

Broadwood, Mr. John, 162, 162 ?i 

Brooke, Edw., 291; Rich., 14n 

Brookin, Toby, 68 n 

Brooks, Thos., 17 n 

Brooksbank, Jeremiah, 8T 7i 

Bromitt, John, 260, 261 

Browne, Capt., 19, 20; Clement. Anne, 
wife of, 137; Edw., 85 ?i.; Eliz., 184 
Gen., 104; George, 167; Jane, 123 
Jas., 239 n.; John, 98 n., 140, 176 
239 m.; Leonard, 123; Mary, 181 
Nich., 239 n.; Rich., 46 n., 58, 73 
73 »., 74; Robt., 180, 227; Thos., 121 
Barbara, wife of, 121; Thos., 207 
Isabel, wife of, 207; Wm., 120,206 
Anne, wife of, 120, 206 

Browning, Chas., 253 

Brownnilay, John, 167 

Brownrigg, Mr. Wm., 252 

Brumhead, John, 161 

Bruntinge, Chr., 94 

Brunton", Eliz., 122; Hen., 265 ?i 

Bucke, Chr., 181: Dorothy, wife of, 181; 
Francis, and wife, 179; James, 181; 
Robt. and wife, 179 

Buckingham, Duchess of, 174n..; Duke 
of, 119, 175, 211 n 

Bulkeley, Stephen, 145, 145 u 

Bullisie, Thos., 120; Margt., 120 

Bullocke, Marmaduke, 4 

Bulman, Robt., 101 

Bulmer, Anchetel, Ancketillus, esq., 
269 «., 271; Anthony, 271; Bartho- 
lomew, 182; Bertram, Sir, 271 n.; 
Bertram, 271 w.; Robt., 182; Anne, 
wife of, 182; Robt., 170, 182 ; Thos., 
168 ; Wm., 170; Anne, wife of, 170 

Bumpus, Barnard, 68 n 

Bunkin, John, 87 n 

Burbeck, Edw., esq., 271 

Burden, Mary, 120, 181 

Burdetr, Arnold, esq., 227; Katherine, 

wife of, 227 
Burghersh, Bp., \G] n 
Burill, Burrell, Cuthbert, Jane, wife of, 

204; Robert, 123 
Burley, Hen., 70 n 
Burnand, Burnard, Mr., 226 
Burne, Anne, 121; Eliz., 121 
Burne, Hist of Cumberland, 173 n., 

Burneley, Jas., 87 n 
Burnett, Cressy, esq., 101; Jane, 78 ?» 
Burnitt, Matt., and wife, 179 
Burr, Francis, 87 n. ; Thos., 87 n 
Burrow, John, 139 ; Sarah, 169 
Burrowes, Burrose, Rich., 5, 6 ; John, 

128, 128 n 
Burton, , 178 ; Andrew, 24 ; Eliz., 

259; Francis, 168, 182; John, esq., 

41 ; Robt., 87 n, 81,88 n.; Thos., esq., 

73 ; Wm., Anne, wife of, 138 
Burwell, Thos., D.C.L, 254 n 

Bu.sby, , 215n.; Thos., 134 « 

Bushell, Capt., 40 n 

Bussley, Anne, 181 ; Mary, 181 

Butler, ,236; George, 120, 138, 

275 ?i., 279 ; Eliz., wife of, 120; Joan, 

169; Mrs., 236 ; Robt., 121 
Buttell, Geo., 121 ; Mary, wife of, 121 
Butterfield, Alice, 171; Leonard, 203 n.; 

Rich., 171, 183; Grace, wife of, 

171, 183 ; Wm., 139 
Byars, Edw., 239 n 
Byerley, Anthony, esq , 99 


Calamy, , 173 n., 253 n., 263 n 

Calverlaw, , 206 

Calverley, Walter, esq., 1 18 

Calvert, Anne, 180 ; Dorothy, 180 
EHz., 180; Faith, 167; Francis, 169 
180, 290 n.; Anne, wife of, 169, 180 
James, 180, 258, 258n., 259 ?«.; John 
180; Margaret, 121; Rich., 54 
Thos. and wife, 121 ; Wm., 120, 180 
Isabel, wife of, 120 

Camden, Lady, 97 n 

Campbell, Sir Dungan, 108 ; Mrs., In 

Campion, Jane, 170 

Can, Jacob de, 175 n 

Canabv, Jas., 133 

Canby, Edward, 174, 175; John, 70 ra 

Canterbury, Dean of, 4n 



Cargrave, Nicholas, 183 ; Ellen, wife of, 

Carleill, Carliell, Francis, esq., 42, 53 
Carleton, Anne, 139 
Carlile, Carlisle, Earl of, 152, 152 n., 

Richard, 175; Will., 82 
Carmichael, Sir Wm., 50, 51 
Carnaby, Ralph, 207, 239 n.; Sir Thos. 

188 w.; Widow, 227 
Carr, Carre, Andrew, 187, 188, 189; 
Benomy, 227 ; Col., 52 ; Cuth., esq., 
106; Geo., 82 n.; Jane, 184; James, 
91, 92, 174, 184; Jonathan, 268 n. ; 
Margt., 184; Math., 184; Ralph, 
207 ; Susan, 184 
Carroll, Matth., 285 n 
Carruthers, Careuth, Mr. John, 84 
Carse, John, 207 

Carter, Geo., 171, 180; Dorothy, wife 
of, 171, 180; Henry, 163n. ; John, 
263; Wm, 111 
Cartington, Cuthbt., CeciUe, wife of, 

68 n 
Cartwright, Bp. of Chester, 83 n. ; Sir 

Hugh, 18 
Casley, Thos., 63 
Cass, Casse, Geo., and wife, 179, 252 n. ; 

Rich., 179 
Castinton, Gawin, 207 
Castleton, Lord, 112 
Catherine, Queen, 46, 95 n., 100 n., 

126, 147 
CatUn, Wm., 65 
Catterall, Mr , 252 ; Marmaduke, Anne, 

wife of, 168 
Catterick, Isabel, 136; widow, 136; 
John, 136; Margaret, wife of, 136; 
John, 136; Margaret, 136; Mary, 
Catton, Francis, 183; Mary, wife of, 

Cautheran, Alice, 166 
Cay, Robt., 174 
Cayley, Sir Wm., 230; Wm., junr., 

Gentleman, John, 123 
Challenar, Fred., esq., 273 
Challoner, Chaloner, 47 w., 231 n., 

241 n 
Chambers, Francis, 256, 257 ; John, 
218; Rich., 49«., 50; Thos,, 171, 
180 ; Wm., 284, 285 
Chamlen, Humfrey, 59 n 
Chamley, Rich., 48, 49 n 
Champney, Anne, 167; Eliz., 166, 167; 
Ralph, 166; Wm., 167 ; Wm., jun., 
Champnoone, , 139 

Chapman, Chr., 88 ; Isabella, 133, 140 ; 
Kath., 120; Mary, 140, 170 ; Rich., 
140,170; Roger, 140,170; Stephen, 
120; Frances, wife of, 120; Thos., 
133, 140, 170 
Charles 1., 1 n., 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 15 n., 16, 
18, 19, 20n., 21, 22, 24, 37, 39 n., 
42, 53, 55,66, 72,73, 81 n.,84,84n., 
88, 94, 94 n., 95, 96, 97 w., 116 n., 
118, 119, 119n., 148 n., 158, 158 w., 
243 n., 245 n., 266, 267, 269 n., 270 n., 
291 n 
Charles II., passim 
Charles, Prince, 14 n., 15, 19, 26, 26 n., 

Charlesworth, H^nry, 1 67 
Charlton, Charleton, Edward, esq., 155, 
156, 296, 296n., 297, 297 n. ; Sir 
Edw., 297 n. ; Dame Mary, 227 
Charter, Thos., 207 
Chater, Geo., 239 n 
Chauncey, Chas., esq., 222 
Chaytor, Ralph, 181 ; Margt., wife of, 

Chesney, Margt., 181 
Childe, Henry, 121 
Cholmeley, Cholmley, Sir Henry, 129; 

Sir Hugh, 40 n 
Christian, Wm., esq., 97, 97 n., 98, 

Clapham, Gideon, 140; Mr. Thos., 

Clarke, Clearke, Gierke, Anne, 136, 
171,180; Alice, 170; Aurelius, 291 ; 
Sarah, wife of, 291 ; Cornelius, 70 n., 
Dr., 68 n.; Edw., 120; Eliz., 254, 
272; Isaac. 254; John, esq., 14 n., 
134 n., 150', 165, 274n. ; Michael, 
273 ; Rob., 239 n. ; Sarah, 291 ; Thos., 
59 n., 60, 269 n. ; Eliz., wife of, 269 n 
Clarkeson, Clerkeson, Frances, 167 ; 
Geo., 120 ; Henry, Jane wife of, 180; 
John, 167; Kath., 167; Mary, 120; 
Thos., 121 
Clavering, Sir Jas., 112, 124, 124 «„ 
172n., 199; John, 249 n.; Ralph, 
esq., and wife, 207, 228, 238 n., 248, 
Clavers, Clavour, Capt., 297, 300 
Clay, Geo., 11, 12, 12 n.; Jas., 273; 

Mr., 52 n.; Rob., Dr., 11 w 
Clayton, Jas., esq, 253; John, 137; 

Wm., 137; Wm.,jun., 137, 166 
Clea, Wm., 155 

Clegg, Clegge. Ed., 46 ; Eliz., 166 
Clement, Madam, 283 ; Rich., 16 
Clennell, Thos., esq., 227, 238 n 
Cliff, Rob., 52 



Clifton, Rich., 171, 184; Anne, wife of, 
171, 184 

Close, Mary, 180 

Clough, Thos., 166, 180; Mary, wife of, 

Coar, Coear, John, 225 ; Thos., 10.5 

Coates, Cotes, Anthony, 183 ; Mary, 
wife of, 183; Chr., 169, 179; Eliz., 
wife of, 169, 179; Dorothy, 88n., 
John, 248; Mary, 206, 248; Roger, 
esq., 64, 78. 245 m., 269, 271 ; Wm., 
and wife, 171 

Cockcroft, Henry, 6, 7 

Cocke, Wm., 122 

Cockerill, Henry, 230 n. ; Wm., 230 n 

Cockroom, Sir John, 259, 259 n 

Coggs, John, 139; Anne, wife of, 139 

Cole, Nich., 93 

Coleman, Colman, Edw., 237, 237 n., 
245 ; Rob., 30 ?i 

Collier, Barth., 278 

Collin, Thos., 140,170; Margery, wife 
of, 170 

Colling, John, 168; Dorothy, wife of, 

Collingwood, Capt., 270; Francis, 244, 
245; Geo., esq., 207, 228 ; Margt., 
207, 228 ; Robt., 239 n. ; Wm. 239 n 

Collins, Jas. 213 

Collinson, Chr., 180; Edw., 123 

Collison, Rob., 121 

Colson, Ann, 137 

Condall, Simon, 71 n 

Condon, Thos., esq., 283 

Conquest, Mr., 236 

Constable, Mr. Alderman, 263 ; Ann, 
121, 168; family of, 272 ; John, esq., 
222, 222 n. ; 269 ; Philip, esq. 244 n, 
269 n. ; Major Ralph, 89, 89 «., 90, 
91, 92; Thos. 121, 168 

Constant, Joseph, 30 

Conway, Mrs., 178 

Conyers, Edw., 157, 165 ; Nich., 257 n.; 
Dr. Toby, 281 

Cooby, Corby, Brian, 137, 171, 183; 
Mary, wife of, 137, 171, 183; Francis, 
170; Thos., 170, 182; Grace, wife of, 
170, 182 

Cooke, Jas., 121 ; Margt, wife of, 121 ; 
John, 227, 275 n.; Herbert, 10; Lau- 
rence, 227 ; Thos. 167 

Cooper, Geo., 137 ; Mary, wife of, 137 ; 
Gervase, 19; Rob. 45 

Coore, Rich.» 130 n 

Copeland, Lawrence, and wife, 184 

Copeley, Copley, Coppley, Edw., 178 n., 
215, 216; Geo., 210; Godfrey, 95, 
174, 176; Sir Godfrey, 117; John, 

166, 182; Lionel, esq., 125, 125 n.; 

Lionel, jun. 178 n 
Cordingley, Henry, 29, 30 
Corkar, Anne, 167 
Cornforth, Ed., 137; Faith, 136, 170 ; 

Marmaduke, 183; Faith, wife of, 

Cornewallis, Cornwally, Cecilia, 234, 

235, 236 ; Christiana, 236 ; Francis, 

esq., 235 ; John, alias Pracid, 232, 

232 n., 233, 235, 269 n., 272 
Cusin, Abraham, 286, 287, 287 n,, 288, 

289,290; Bishop, 154 «., 174 n 
Cotham, Margaret, 120 
Cotherwood, Mary, 88 
Cotterrall, Cotteril, Major J., 14 n., 18, 

19, 21, 21m., 22, 23 
Coulam, CouUam, Wm., 140, 170 ; 

Rob. 140 
Coulson, Thos., 120; Mary, wife of, 

Coultman, Alice, 170 
Coupland, Thos., 175, 176 
Coverdale, Wm., 140 
Coward, John, 140 
Cowby, Frances, 182 
Cowe, Abraham de, 87 n. ; Isaac, 87 n 
Cowell, John, 180 
Cowlam, John, 170; Anne, wife of, 


Cowlin, John, 168 

Cowling, Cuthb., 137, 183 ; Anne, wife 

of, 137, 183 ; Edward, Anne, wife of, 

183 ; Marmaduke, 138 
Cowest, Wm., and wife, 181 
Cowlman, Francis, 168 
Cowper, John, 13 ; Margt. 133 

Coxe, , 45 

Coxon, Matth., 227 

Crabtree, John, 87 w., 138; Wm. 138 

Cradock, Sir Joseph, 10 n., 131, 131 n., 

145, 147, 160 n., 218, 224 w., 225 
Craggs, Anth., 120 ; Eliz. wife of, 120 
Craister, Jas., Eliz. wife of, 238 ; Mr. 

288 71. 
Cranston, Alex., 283 
Crathorne, Geo., 39; Kath. wife of, 39; 

Jas., 168 
Craven, Dan., 74; Kath., 179 
Crawforth, John, 191 
Creagh, Sir Wm., 296 n 
Cresset, Capt. John, 33, 34 
Cressey, Mr., 49 n 
Creswell, Oswald, esq., 207 ; Anne, wife 

of, 207 ; Wm., esq., 229, 229 n 
Croft, Crofts, Anthony, 238 ; John, 133 ; 

Margery, 181; Mr., I6O71. ; Ursula, 




Cromptoii; Thos., esq., 94 ; Walter, 94, 

94 w 
Cromwell, Oliver, Lord Protector, 14 «., 

16, 18, 36 n., 39, 47, 48, 62, 66, 67, 

72, 73, 79, 80, 80 w., 84, 93 w., 94, 

94«., 106, 116, 116 «., 145 «., 251 w., 

266, 276; Rich 93 « 
Cronfurth, George, 166; Mary, wife of, 

Crosland, Martha, 182 
CrosJey, Crossley, Eliz., 6, 7, 8; Jane, 

205; Martha, 166; Mr., 191 «.; Sa- 
rah, 7 
Crow, Geo., 122 ; Margt, wife of, 122 
Crowther, Alice, 138, 181 ; Anne, 31, 

32, 138; Nathaniel, 137 
Crumbleholme, Geo., and wife, 184 
Cudworth, Mr. Jonas, 92, 92 n., 93 
Cully, Simon, 155, 156, 157 
Cun'dall, Cundle, Chr. 180; Mary, wife 

of, 180; John, 169; Mary, wife of, 

169; Wm., 87?;- 
Cunningham, John, 207, 273, 274; 

Eliz., wife of, 207 
Currier, Wm., 182 
Currey, Curry, Andrew, 239 w. ; Kath., 

124 n., 125 «.; Wm., 229 
Curtis, Mich., 95 n 
Cusye, Capt., 27 
Cuthbarte, Cuthbert, Edw., 11 6 n,; 

John, 39 
Cuthbertson, Eliz., 139; John, 139 
Cutler, Elinor, 138 
Cutt, Thos., 87 n 
Cutter, Robt., 136, 183; Eliz., wife of, 

136, 183 ; Wm., and wife, 173, 174 
Curwen, Mr. Patricius, 162, 162 «., 163; 

Sir Pat., 94, 162 « 


Dacree, Hy., esq., 53, 122 

Daggett, Geo., 59, 59 n 

Daglish. Ralph, 189 

Dale, Matt., 129, 130 

Dalston, Sir John, 102; Wm., esq., 

124, 124 ?i.; SirWm. 152n 
Dalton, Francis, 181 ; Stephen, 137,181; 

Ellen, wife of, 137, 181 ; Thos., esq., 

Danby, Thos., 78 
Darcy, Sir Conyers, 160; James, esq., 

10 n 

Darell, , of Littlecote Hall, 205 n 

Darley, John, 167 ; Mary, wife of, 167 ; 

Mary, 268, 268 n.; Sir Richard, 55, 

C3 n 

Darnebrough, Sampson, 14 n 

Darnell, Jas., 225 

Davies, John, 136 

Davis, John, 285 n 

Davison, Mr. Alderman, 239 n., 275 ; 

Mr. Charles, 18; Mary, 150; Ralph, 

106, 207 ; Saml. 99; Timothy, 273; 

Thos., esq , 208, 239 w 
Dawnay, Dawney, Sir John, 78 «., 117 ; 

Paull, 78 n 
Dawson, , 117; Alderman, and wife, 

263 ; Alice, 180; Anthony, 120 ; Chr. 

87 n., 103; George, 174; Kath., wife 

of John, 133, 269 n., 272 ; Rich., 

100n.,263?i.; Thos., 174; Wm. 133 ; 

Jane, wife of, 133 ; Wm., 166 ; Mary, 

wife of, 166 
Day, John, 66, 130, 133, 171 ; Wm. 

114, 114w 
Deardon, Isabel, 140; Thos. 119, 140 
Dearlove, Thos., esq., 168; Anne, wife 

of, 168; Wm., 5 n 
Denby, Jeremiah, 134 ?i 
Denholme, Mary, 166 ; Sarah, 166, 181 ; 

Wm., 166 
Denmark, Anne of, 4 n 
Dennison, Henry, 133 
Dent, Chr., 138, 171, 180; Philippa, 

wife of, 171,180; John, 171, 180; 

Mary, wife of, 171, 180; Lancelot, 

81; Michael, 126 n., 275 n.; Ralph, 

168 ; Isabel, wife of, 168 : Robt. 168 ; 

Anne, wife of, 168 ; Wm. 168, 172 n 
Denton, Capt., 40, 40w., 41, 41 n., 42 ; 

George, esq., 97, 292, 293, 294; Mr. 

152 n. ; Thos., esq., 82«., 152, 152 n., 

159, 162, 285, 294, 299 
Derby, Earl of, 278 n. ; Family of, 97 n.; 

Mr. Thos. 249, 249 n 
Derison, Thos., Ellinor, wife of, 170 
Derwentwater, Earl of, 286, 300 
Dethick, Ditbick, Mrs., 163 n 
Dewsbury, Geo., 122 ; Anne, wife of, 

122; Wm., 88 
Dex, Wm., 278 
Dickins, Rich., 290 
Dickinson, Anne, 140, 184 ; Geo. 70 n. ; 

Jane, 227 ; Margt. 227 ; Stephen, 

140; Thos., Ellianor. wife of, 140; 

Thos., esq., 9, 23, 36, 36 n., 62 n., 

63,71 ; Wm., 27 
Dickson, George, 3 
Dinnis, Dynnis, John, 122, 139,166; 

Alice, wife of, 122, 166 
Dinsdall, James, 282 
Ditch, Geo., 123 ; Margt, wife of, 123 
Dixon, Anne, 168; Alice, 137; Brian, 

and wife, 263 >i. ; Chas. 137; Anne, 



wife of, 137 ; Chr. 194 ; Alice, wife of, 

194; John, 117, 118; Joseph, 275 n. ; 

Margt. 83 
Dobson, John, 183 ; Anne, wife of, 183 ; 

John, 120; Margt, wife of, 120; 

Ralpii, 283 n. ; Richard, 140, 170, 

239 n.; Mary, wile of, 170; Wm. 

169, 179 
Dodds, Thos., 277 
Dodgson, Dodg-shon, Charles, 85 n ; 

Daniel, 179 ; Thos., 138 
Dodsworth, Anne, 170, 182 ; Elias, 

Anne, wife of, 180 ; Jane, 263 ; Thos., 

70 n., 136, 171; Kath., wife of, 136, 

Dolben, Dolbin, Mr. Justice, 253, 253 n 
Dolman, , esq., 243, 244; John, 

122 ; Anne, wife of, 122 ; Robt., esq., 

122, 242, 242 n., 243, and wife, 122 ; 

Thos. 120 
Doncaster, Mayor of, 36 
Doughty, Henry, 87 n 
Douglas, Dr., 146; James, 208, 208 n. ; 

Sir Wm. 208, 208 n 
Douthwaite, Ralph, 36 n 

Douty, , 1 89 n. ; Capt. 33 

Downer, Wm. 167 

Dowsland,Thos., 88 n 

Dowslay, Thos., 56, 88 n.; junr., 56 

Drake, , 241 n.; family of, 15 n.; 

Francis, 137, 166; Frances, wife of, 
137, 166 ; Jonathan, 205 ; Sarah, wife 

of, 205; Mr. Justice, 115; Nathan, 

13 n. ; Saml., 65n. ; Wm., esq., 296 n 
Dresser, John, 137 ; Wm., 137 
Drew, Richard, 24, 24 n., 25 
Driffield, Francis, 176, 179; Jane, wife 

of, 179; Tristram, 171 
Dring, Anne, 170 
Driver, James, 184; John, 184; Thos., 

Droninge, Mrs., 12 
Dryden, Drydon, Driden, Anne, 191, 

192, 193, 194, 195 
Duffield, Alice, 169; Ann, 75, 76; 
Charles, 169; Eliz., 154; Francis, 
169; Jane, wife of, 169; Henry, 
169; Margt., wife of, 169; Stephen, 
283; Tristram, 180 
Duffill, Alice, 179 ; Charles, 179 ; Hen., 
and wife, 179 

Duglas, , 259 

Dunbarr, Lady, 231 

Dundee, Lord, 300 

Dunfriese, Earle of, 24 

Dunn, Francis, 137 ; Robt, 137 ; Kath., 

wife of, 137 
Dunstall, DunstoJl, Anthony, 189 

Dunwell, Richard, 9, 10, 10 n 

Durant, Deurant, Dewrant, John, 171 n., 

Wm., 172w., 173 n., 174, 174w 
Durham, Dean and Chapter of, 68 n 
Durtrees, Matt., 206 
Dusbury, Lawrence, 26, 27 
Dutton, Thos., 140, 170 
Duval, Claude, 2 1 9 n., 260 n 
Duverley, Daniel, 175?i 
Dyson, Henry, 166; Mary, wife of, 166.; 

Joseph, 289 


Eatey, , widow, 180 

Earle, Charles, 154; Katherine, 69; 

Mary, 179; Peter, 179; Richard, 

179; Thos., 70n 
Earlston, 274 n 
Earnley, Earneley, Mr. John, 176, 177; 

Mary, 176, 177 ; Mrs., 177 
Earnshaw, Mary, 138, 166 
Easterby, Francis, 140 
Eastwood, Joshua, 289 
Eccles, John, 138 ; Robt., 87 n 
Ecopp, Wm., Mary, wife of, 182 
Edisforth, Wm., and wife, 170 

Egerton, , 81 w. ; Sir Charles, 69 

Egleston, Wm., 248 

Eglinton, Egglington, Archibald Earl of, 

249, 249 n., 250, 251 
Elcock, Seth, 78 n 
Elder, Henry, 134 ra 
Elgin, Earl of, 37 n 
Elizabeth, Queen, 97 
Ellershow, Wm., 167 
Ellerton, Francis, Eliz., wife of, 178 
Elliot, Sim., 155 
Ellis, Eliz., 137, 183; John, 6n., 121, 

168; Rich., 46 n., Sam., 112; Ste- 
phen, 164, 165n 
Eliot, Cath., 194 
EUrington, Elrington, John, 248, 248 n. ; 

Margaret, wife of, 248 ; Ralph, 195, 

198; Wm., 53 
Elslay, Elsley, Chas., 82 ; Wm., 81, 

81 n 
Elslyott, Elyslyott, Thos., 59 w., 60, 61, 

Elvage, Mr., 42 
Elwick, Ed., esq., 119 
Embleton, Anne, 206 
Emerson, Danl., 48; John, 88, 154, 

174 ; Thos., 207 
Empson, Anth., 139 ; Dorothy, wife of, 

139 ; Thos., 139 ; Isab., wife of, 139 
Enkrein, Rob., 207 



England, Wm., 121 

Engleton, Matt., 170 ; Ellen, wife of, 

Eppenall, John, 121; Mary, wife of, 

Errinton, Errington, Gilbert, and wife, 

237, 238; John, 120, 296 n. ; Mary, 

wife of, 120; Launcelot, 23«n. ; 

Luke, 239 n.; Michael, 120; Mr., 

140, 198, 295 ; Ralph, and wife, 182 ; 

Rob., 227 ; Wm., 227, 228 
Eshton, Thos., 129n 
Eskrigg, Henry, 101 
Estropp, John, 168; Ellen, wife of, 168 
Etherington, Rich., esq., 24, 43 ; Rob., 

167 ; Thos., 95 n 
Eton, Provost of, 5 n 
Eure, Geo., esq., 14m., 50 
Eventine, Francis, 180 
Evers, Ewers, Lord, 47 n , 48 
Everson, Rob., 260 ; Wm., 260 
Ewbanck, Ewbanke, Eubancke, Hew- 

banck, Ubanke, Eliz., 137; Margt., 

73 ; Thos., Capt., 73 ; Toby, 68 n. ; 

Tristram, 94; Wm., 130, 130 n., 131 
Exchequer, Barons of, 62 

Faber, Geo., 138 

Fairfax, Fairefax, Farefax, Chas., esq., 
and wife, 6, 231 n.; Geo., 44 n., 
Honble. John, 269, 269 n. ; Honble. 
Mary, wife of, 269 ; Lady, 1 1 9, 1 1 9 n.. 
Lord General, 9, 11, 11 n., 17 n., )9, 
22, 33,86 m., 101, 101 n., 103, 103 m., 
106, 108, 119, 119 m., 269 n 

Falconberg, Lord, 271 

Fallowfield, John, 290 n 

Fane, Sir Francis, 117 

Farey, Hen., Anne, wife of, 227 

Fargison, Rich., 97 

Farmer, , 50 

Farnworth, Rich., 64 m 

Farray, Lieut., Thos., 17 

Farrer, Wm,, 133 

Farthing, Geo., 182 

Favour, John, 224 n. ; 

Fawcer, John, 112 

Fawcet; Fawcett, Fawcitt, Fawsit, B:iiz., 
169, 170, 180, 182; James, 170, 
182; John, 145, 169, 170, 179, 
182; Alice, wife of, 182 ; Reginalde, 
184; Thos., 104, 183; Wm., 190, 

Fearne, Mary, 170 

Mary, wife of, 
Vicar, 7 n 




Fell, Geo., 138 ; Eleanor, wife of, 138 
Fenby, John, 123 ; Alice, wife of, 123 
Fenney, Rich., 89 n 
Fenwicke, Ambrose, esq., 27 n., 228 ; 

Chas., 43, 53 ; Cuthbert, esq., 227 ; 

Eliz., 207, 247; Gerrard, 228 ; Jas., 

esq., 228; Jane, 184; John, 227; 

John, esq., 180, 227, 239 n. ; Bridget, 

wife of, 227; Sir John, 274, 274 m., 

291 M., 294 M., 294; Katherine,180,228; 

Robert, and wife, 207, 228, 241 ; Sir 

Robert, 297; Thomas, 239 m.; Wm. 

Ferrell, Dan. O', 229, 230, 230 m 
Ferriby, Eliz., 88 n 
Ferry, Wm., 167 
Fetham, Winifred, 184 

Fetherstone, , 27 m. ; Capt., 248 m 

Fewson, Jos., 121 

Field, Feild, Ed., 13 ; John, 80 m 

Fielding, Feilding, Mr. Basil], 

John, 138; John, jun., 138; 

John, 164 m. ; Mary, 138 
Fiennes, Col. John, 33 
Finley, John, 229 ; Robt., 173 
Finney, Hen., 206 ; Anne, wife 

Firbancke, Lay ton, 133 ; Frances, wife 

of, 133 
Firth, John, 166; Hellen, 136; Rich., 

138, 125; Thos., 181 
Fish, Chr., 164, 164 m.; Francis, and 

wife, 179; John, 179; Mary, wife of, 

Fisher, Francis, and wife, 123 ; Jas., 

69 m.; John, 123; Mary, 54; Rich. 

263; Thos., 172, 172 m 
Fishwicke, Anne, 181 
Fitzgerrard, Mr. John, 230 
Fitzwilliam, Col., 296 m 
Fleck, Rich., 239 M 
Fletcher, Dorothy, 167 ; Sir Geo., 151 

152 m., Isabell, 202; Jane, 206 

John, 166; Ralph, 27 ; Thos., 184 

Wm , 207 
Flood, Floyd, Sergt., 14 m. ; 18 
Flower, Flouer, Chr., 80 
Foord, Timothy, 257 
Forbes, Furbus, Col., 18, 18 m., 22 
Forster, Foster, Anne, 191, 192, 193; 

Anth., 136, 170 ; Jane, wife of, 136, 

170; Chr., 167; Mr. Ed., 188 7i. ; 

Geo., Joan, wife of, 167 ; Hen., 227, 

263 n. ; Isabella, wife of, 227, 263 m., 

John, 139, 203 m., 206, 274 n., 275 n. ; 

Jane, wife of, 139 ; John, jun., 206; 

Mary, 183; Math. 88; Rich., 140; 

Ann, wife of, 194, 195, 196; Sir 



Rich., 120; Clare, wife of, 120; 

Thos., 182, 183, 207; Wm., 13 
Fosewicke, Eliz., 180 ; Rob., 180 
Forten, Rob., 207 
Fothergill, John, 104; Thos., 107 
Fouler, Fowler, John, 170; Mable, 192; 

Mr., 45 
Fox, Ann, 120; Frances, 120; Geo., 

80, 80 n. ; Thos., Mary, wife of, 147 
Foxton, Jas., 283 
France, Hester, 51, 51m., 171; John, 

Franck, Frank, Math., 13 ; Mr., 69, 

69 71 
Franckland, Margt., 133; Miles, 170; 

Agnes, wife of, 1 70 ; Robt., and wife, 

140; Wm., esq., 171, 181; Eliz., 

wife of, 171, 181 
Francklin, Chr., 131 n 
Freazer, Walter, 15 n 
Freeman, Capt., 33; Oliver, 167; 

Dina, wife of, 167 
Freer, Mrs., 221 
Freschevile, Lord, 185 
Frest, James, 171; Grace, wife of, 171 
Frinny, Mary, 136 
Fryan, Rich., 285 w 
Fryar, Edm., 148 n. ; Wm., 136 
Fryer, Freare, Frier, Wm., 215. 216, 

216 n.; Jane, wife of, 215, 216, 216 w 
Fryzer, Rob., 158, 172 n 
Fusley, Peter, and wife, 123 


Galway, Lord, 20 ?i 

Garbut, Rich., 120; EUza, wife of, 

Gardiner, Gardner, Henry, 239 n. ; Jas., 

239 n.; John, 239 n. ; Luke, 239 n. ; 

Ralph, 251, 251 n., 252, 252 n.; 

Rowland, 121 ; Isabella, wife of, 121 
Gare, Anne, 207 ; Patience, 207 ; Wm., 

junr., and wife, 206 
Garforth, Anth., esq., 126, 126n.; Ed- 
mund, 126, 126 n. ; John, 17, 18, 19; 

Wm., 126, 126n., 263 
Gargill, Thos., 121 ; Rebecca, wife of, 

Gargrave, Mr., 178 
Garison, Magdalen, 181 
Garnett, Mr. Florence, 98; Thos., 96, 

128, 142 
Garrand, John, 207 ; Oswald, 207 
Garth, Wm., 168 
Gartham, Mary, 123 
Garthwaite, Garthwayt, John, 10, 10 n 

Gascarth, Gasketh, Gasgarthe, Cuthbert, 

286, 286n. ; Thos., 159, 160 
Gascoigne, Gascoin, Gascon, Mr. Thos., 
237, 242, 242 ?*., 243, 243 n., 262, 
298 n.; Sir Thos., 140, 232 n., 235, 
235 n., 236, 240, 242, 242 71., 243, 
244, 244 71., 245 n., 246, 246 7i., 251 n., 
210 n 

Gaskin, Emmy, 154 

Gatenbee, Gatenby, Francis, 206 ; Luke, 
206 ; Mary, 206 

Gedney, Ellen, 168, 182 ; Margt., 168, 

Gee, Will., 144 

Geldart, Mr., Lord Mayor of York, 70, 
70 71 

George III., 277 71 

Germany, Emperor of, 272 

Gerrard, Thos., 52 

Gervise, Pet, 140 

Gibbon, Geo., 175 72 

Gib.son, Anne, 206; Anthony, 157; 
Bartholomew, 206 ; Barbara, wife of, 
206 ; Chr., 1 74 ; Dorothy, 1 23 ; Ehz., 
154,157; Geo., 123, 227; Mary, wife 
of, 123; Margt., 186; Patrick, 122, 
166; Eliz., wife of, 122, 166; Rich., 
227; Thos., 86, 100 71., 133, 227, 
239 71.; Rob., 121; Wm., 137, 167, 
183 ; Margt., wife of, 137, 183 

Giffard, Mr. Francis, 4n., 5 

Gilburn, Chr., 88 

Gilchrist, Ellioner, 188 71 

Gill, Alice, 180; Dorothy, 180, 181; 
Francis, 169, 180 ; Humphrey, 173, 
174 ; John, 227 ; Eliz., wife of, 227 ; 
Rich., 169, 180; Thos., 30; Will., 
146, 1467!., 147 

Gills, Mr., 147 

Gilpin, Gillpin, Gilping, Gilpyn, Ber- 
nard, 9 71., 173 71.; Mr., 153 71.; 
Phillis, 163; Rich., clerk, 172, 173, 
173 71., 174, 174 7J.; Wm., 173 71 

Girdler, Mr. Ambrosse, 237 

Girlington, Thos., 183 

Goldsborough, John, 183 

Goodall, Wm., 181 

Gooderidge, Wm., 184 

Goodfellow, John, 300, 300 ?i 

Goodlad, Wm., 103, .04 

Goodricke, Sir John, 4; Mr., 231 ; Sir 
Hen., 189, 189 71 

Goodson, Chr., 168 

Goreing, Gowring, Lord, 11, II n 

Gower, Ed., 39, 171 ; Sir Thos., 98 n 

Gowland, John, 263 ; Wm., 263 ; Eliz. 
wife of, 263 

Grace, Thos., 82 ti 



Grainge, Grange, Graunge, Anne, 169, 
180; Marmaduke, 122, 169; Ralph, 
122, 170, 182; Susan, wife of, 122, 
170, 182; Rob., 169, 180; Thos., 
Ursula, wife of, 123 ; Wm., 169, 180 

Graham, Graime, family of, 300 n. ; 
Geo., 292 ; Col. Jas, 294 ; John, 137; 
Mary, wife of, 137 ; Mr., 292; Rich., 
97; Sir Richard, 2.52, 291 n. ; Rob., 
98, 292, 299, 300, 300 n. ; Thos., 292 

Granger, Hen., 167 

Grant, John, 22, 262 

Gratewood, Anne, 179 

Grave, Jas., 138 

Gray, Anne, 179; Rob., 187n., 189,227; 
Wm., 141,185,207; Christiana, wife 
of, 207 ; Mr. Wm., of Doncaster, 
225 n 

Graycocke, Peter, 140; Rich., 140; 
Eliz., wife of, 140; Wm.,140; Frances, 
wife of, 140 

Grayson, Mary, 120 

Greates, Geo., 139; Joan, wife of, 139 

Greathed, Walter, 104 

Greave, James, 166 

Greaves, Joseph, 206; Widow, 167 

Green, Dorothy, 194, 196, 199, 201 

Greenclifife, John, 67 

Greene, Anne, 64, 65 ; John, 88, 88 «., 
1 74 ; Isabel, 206 ; Leonard, 41 ; Widow, 

Greenfeild, Marmaduke, 17 

Greenwood, Mary, 138 

Greere, Thos., 103, 105, 108 

Gregory, Alice, 136, 171; Eliz., 171; 
James, Frances, wife of, 136, 171 ; 
James, 183; Widow, 171 

Grenville, Denis, 257 n 

Grey, , 28; Sir David, 50, 51; 

Edw., 207; Eliz., 28; Henry, esq., 
228; Mark, esq., 228.; Rich., 133; 
Wm. Lord, 165 

Greville, Capt. Fulke, 33 

Grimes, Edw., Eliz. wife of, 138 

Grimston. Rich., 89 n.; Mr. Stephen, 
162, 162 n. ; Thos., 179; Eliz. wife of, 
169, 179 

Grisedale, Mary, 121 

Grosvenor, Gravenor, John, 44, 45 

Grysdale, John, 167 

Guildford, Lord Keeper, 58 n., 155?!.., 

Guy, Benjamin, 175 


Habber, Joshuah, 263 

H age, Wm., Ill 

Hagerston, George, 49 n 

Haggerston, Sir Thos., 245 «., 246 

Haigh, Hague, Dame, 209 ; Martha, 2)0; 
Timothy, 210 ; Thos. 209 

Hain, Henry, 207 ; Cath., wife of, 207 

Hall, Anne, 207 ; Christ., 239 n ; Grace, 
137 ; Isabel, 137, 139 ; John, 88, 106, 
157, 239 n.; John, Isabel), wife of, 
206 ; John, Mary, wife of, 183 ; Lan- 
celot, 239 n; Mary, 227; Mich., 183 n.; 
Mr., 262 ; Rich., 182 ; Anne, wife of, 
182; Robt., 182; Wm., 158, 206, 
207, 227, 239 n 

Halleday, Wm., 263 

Haliey, Edw., 166 

Halliday, Edw, Anne, wife of, 137; 
Robt., and wife, 170 

Halliwell, Francis, 180 

Halsel), John, esq., 228 

Hamerton, James, 180 ; Mary, wife of, 

180 ; John, 167 ; Philip, 167 ; Philip, 
junr., wife of, 167 

Hamond, Mrs., 54 n. ; Wm., 89 n 

Hancock, Saml., 268 n 

Hancocke, Eliz., 122 ; Reuben, 122 ; 

Rich., 122 
Handley, Rich., 122 
Handlesworth, John, 169 
Hauley, Rich., 169 
Hansley, Eliz., 121 
Hanson, James, 89 m.; Henry, 115; 

Rich., 138 ; Thos., 48 
Harcour, Edmond, 145 
Harcourt, Mr., 230, 230 n 
Hard, James, 170 ; Anne, wife of, 170 ; 

Margaret, 170 
Hardcastle, Thos., 179 ; Thos., junr., 

Harde, Rich., 129n 
Hardwick.Tlios., ) 19 ; Wm., 119 
Hardy, Danl., 121; Jane, 207 ; John, 

181 ; Rich., and wife, 121 ; Robt. 
121; Sarah, 121 

Harford, Rapha, 1 7 n 

Hargill, Mary, 122, 139 

Hargrave, Eliz., 13 ; John, and wife, 

137 ; Robt., 167 ; Jane, wife of, 167/ 
Hargraves, James, 173; John, 210, 212 
Hargreaves, John, esq., 205, 286 
Harker, ,148/?.; Col. 48 ; John, 

168 ; Rich., E)iz., wife of, 120 
Harland, Jane, 169; Rich., 188 m; 

Ruth, 169 ; Thos. 228, 228 n., 229 ; 

Anne, wife of, 228, 228 n., 229 
Harper, John, 87 w. ; Wm. 153 
Harrison, Harieson, Eliz., 148 7?., 184; 

Geo., 79, 80, 120, 139; Eliz., wife 



of, 120; James, 184; Margt., wife 

of, 184; John, 136, 167, 170, 171, 

183, 184, 190, 207; Anne, wife of, 

171, 183, 207; Peter. 136, 173, 

184 ; Margt, wife of, 136, 170, 184; 

John, esq., 41; Thos., 179; Grace, 

wife of, 179; Wm., Joan, wife of, 

Harry, Robt., 137 
Hart, Eliz., 121 ; John, 103 ; Mary, wife 

of, 103 
Hartgrave, James, 174 
Hartley, Henry, Mary, wife of, 138 ; 

Leonard, 203n. ; Thos. 31 

Hartly, , 149 

Harwood, John, 64 ; Matt., 140 
Haselerig, Haslerigg, Hazlerigg, Sir Ar- 
thur, 11 n., 20 w, 37, 37 n., 52 
Hassell, Ralph, 249 
Hatefeild, Hatfield, Anthony, 69 n. ; 

Henry, 69 ; Martha, 69 n 
Haw, Rich., 170 ; Anne, wife of, 170 
Hawkes, And., 88 
Hawkins, Chr., 138, 171, 180; wife of, 

Hawkeshead, John, 138 ; Eliz., wife of, 

Hawksworth, Hauksworth, Walter, esq., 

116, 141, 222 
Hay, Laurence, 7 ; Wm., 168 
Hayes, Andrewe, 222 ; Dank, 170 ; Eliz., 

wife of, 170 
Hayles, Mr. Rich., \8^n. 
Hayton, Thos., 169, 182; Hannah, wife 

of, 182 
Headon, Philip, 166; Anne, wife of, 

Headlam, Geo., 139; Jane, wife of, 139 
Headlyn, Geo. 173 
Heaker, Thos., 138 
Healde, Margt., 166 
Hearon, Anthony, 124, 125; Dorothy, 

wife of, 125 
Heath, John, esq., 108 
Heaton, Nathan, 166; Ralph, 286 
Hebar, Capt. Thos., 232 
Hebburne, Ralph, esq., 165 
Hebden, Mr. James, 268, 269; Margt., 

121, 179; Roger, 56, 57, 87 
Heber, family of, 233 w . ; Mr. Thos., 

Heblethwaite, Alex., 133 
Heddon, Lancelot, 139 
Hedlam, Geo., 174 
Hedley, Mark, 207 
Hedney, Henry, 121; Margt., wife of, 

Helliwell, Abraham, 166; Eliz., 166 

Hemesworth, Anne, 181 ; Robt., 184 
Hemingway, Grace, 138 ; Mary, 138 
Henderson, Hendersone, Ann, 155 ; 

Cuthbert, 238 «.; Rich., 187; Robt., 

Hendley, Robt., 10 ». ; Roger, esq., 265 
Henrietta-Maria, Queen, 6, 6 «., 12, 

Heptenstall, Joan, 139 ; Phillip, 139 ; 

Anne, wife of, 139 
Herbert, i'hos., 93 
Heron, Sir Cuthbert, 75 ?i. ; John 228, 

239 » 
Hesketh, Heskitt, Edw., and wife, 184 ; 

Mr. Francis, 41 n 
Hesle, Anthony, 183 ; Jane, wife of, 

Hesletine, Hesletyne, Thos., esq., 228, 

Heslinton, Mr. Wm., 284 
Heslop, Chr., 168 ; Dorothy, wife of, 

Hessey, Thos., 121 ; Margaret, wife of, 

Hevvan, John, 14 m 
Hewatson, John, 124 
Hewbanck, Tristram, 94 
Hewitson, John, 139 ; Anne, wife of, 

Hewitt, Rich., 280 
Hewley, John, esq., 6, 38, 67, 69 
Hewlin, John, 186 
Hewson, Eliz., 184 
Hexop, Nich., 95% 
Hey, John, 278 
Heywood, Oliver, 87 w., 164 »., ?09, 

211 n., 262)1 
Hick, John, 88 

Hicke, John, 137 ; Anne, wife of, 137 
Hickson, Knightley, 263; Mr. 57 ; Robt., 

55 ; Wm. 206